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Los Angeles Herald • THOMAS K. GIBBON, ..President and Editor. ... ' Entered M second cl»»» matter at the I fottoffice In !*• Angeles. OLDEST MOIIMNU PATER IN LOS ANGELES. rounded Oct. *. 1878. ThJrty-«Uth Tear. Chamber •» Commerce Building. Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10111. The only Democratic paper In Southern California receiving full Associated Press I report*. ___ ■■' NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ciated I"re»». receiving Us lull report, aver aging 25.000 words a day. _ RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mall or carrier, a m0nth....l «»0 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months 1.60 Dally, by mall or carrier, «lx month*.. 1.00 Dally, fey mail or carrier, one year.... 6.00 Sunday Herald, one year 60 Postage free In United States and Mexico; aUewhere pottage added. ' TUS HERALD IN SAN KRANCISCO AMD OAKLAND—Los Angeles and South ern California visitor* to San Franolseo and Oakland will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos Notts Co. A file' of The Los Angeles Herald can be Men at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co.. JO. 81 and 12 Fleet street. London. England, tree of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news. subscriptions and adver tisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man : ___ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN (fycsTipiA-MULijX!|n Ifr RETRORSIIMv M About this time the coal dealers of the east nre making it hot for their customers. Two deaths from the so-called re formed football show that the sport still has 'grave" faults. Mr. F. C. Schiffman seems to be quite himself again after being put through the third degree at Glendora. Calling Woolwine a "featherhead" may tli kle the author of the "argu ment," but it won't elect his opponent. The Y. M. C. A. needs your applica tion to help boost for the international convention of the association in Los Angeles. It is reported that Actor Sothern, who was recently Renoed, may marry Actress Marlowe. If true, it will serve them both right. Germany proposes to pot 15-tnch guns on her dreadnaughts, but America will never feel envious us long as she has her Joe Cannon. Tacoma is to have a recount. This time the enumerators should be com pelled to ring up the count, as fast as it's made, on cash registers. In a few years, perhaps, history will repeat when people adopt the repre hensible custom of mortgaging their automobiles to buy aeroplanes. "The Good Templars, a temperance society which denounces Fredericks, is able to sic through that "wall of ada mant for the home and family." congressman Nick Ijongworth is dis tributing government rook nooks in his district. This is under suspicion as a sly bid for the support of the suf fragetti s. Governor Brown of Georgia has pardoned twenty-two election crooks who helped nominate him. Probably was lonesomi with so many friends locked up. Shark meal Is now coming into the market. Shark meat is toothsome, but jt is a disquieting thought that you may be eating sonic unfortunate sailor at second hand. Christy Mathewson of the Giants is ambitious to be the checker champion of New York. Perhaps the Chicago Cubs could do something at t!m game if they took it up. If a live private corporation owned Ivo.s Angeles county the expense of a dual government would so mighty quick. Only taxpayers can afford to be so extra ;ant. Those who object to a naval cap taincy for Pi ary don't say openly they would rather have the honor go to his rival, but prejudice can some times be that extreme. Like Artemus Ward, who was willing to have all his wife's relations enlist in the war, Governor Olllett is willing to saddle the state with millions Of new debt for othi r g ivernors to worry ov< r after he quits. Woodrow Wilson, candidate for gov ernor, has resigned the presidency of Princeton. We doubt whether, in his present fram ol mind Capt, Fredericks could und • ' evidi m seJf-ai i The Brooklyn boy who walked from New York to Phil idi Iphia, ninety-five miles, to see tho Athletics and Cubs one of th" numerous Ider it Q wants it li tter carried to the nearest mall box, TYING UP THE COUNTRY'S MONEY AN editorial In a recent number of the Saturday Evening Post en titled "Easy .Money for Specula tion" calls attention to one of the evils of dealing In storks as it Is car ried on in Wall street, as well as one of the weakest points of our present banking law. It is as follows: At this writing a speculator can borrow nil the money hfl wants for the purpose of carrying itooki at 2 per cent or a little le«», The sup ply of money for that purpose ratlin- exceeds the demand. But if a merchant W lines to borrow money he must pay ">ia to 6 per cent, and money for tln> merchant Is not offered freely; the demand rather exceeds the supply. Now "carrying" stocks specu latively adds nothing to the coun try's productive Industry, while "carrying" goods, as they pass from manufacturer to consumer, is a -vital part of productive industry. As a rule, the banks will lend money for the non-productive operation at only half or a third of the rate they charge for the pro ductive operation. Obviously, there fore, they encourage the use of money for stock gambling as com pared with its use for legitimate business, which is a poor arrange ment That the tanks do this is partly the fault of the national banking act, which prohibits them from ne ceptlng time bills of exchange drawn by their customers. A European merchant will arrange with hla bank to borrow not actual money, but the bank's credit. Hav ing given whatever security is re quired, lie draws his bill on tlio bank at sixty or ninety days. The bank accepts this bill, which may then lie sold over nnd over a Rain in the open discount market. European banks keep a large part of their secondary reserve in the form of these bank-accepted bills. which they discount at a very low rate of interest —3J& per <" pnt In London, 2V4 per cent In Paris at this writing—because they can real ize on them at any moment by simply selling; them In the open market. Having no bank-accepted bills and no discount market, our banks keep their secondary reserve In call loans on stocks, which they make at a low rate because in normal times they can realize upon them at once by "calling" the loan. The result is that with us, except under abnormal conditions, the cheap money goes to stock speculation in stead of to legitimate trade. TCp eldes burdening trade with a. high interest rate,'this fosters and even forces speculation to an unhealthy degree. The European system would give part, nt least, of the cheap money to legitimate trade ' and provide an outlet for accumu lating city bank balances otherwise than iinon the stock exchange, but our banking system will not reform itself. rs anybody X"ing to take an interest in the subject? It is a well known fact that many of the largest banks of New York devote their resources almost entirely to the business of dealing in stocks. The Plrat National Bank of New York, about the fourth largest bank In the United States, uses praeticaly its en tire resources in the business of stock dealing. In other words, its great ac cumulation of capital counts for prac tically nothing when it comes to maintaining the real productive lines of business such as manufacturing nnd merchandising. The business of the stork broker does not add one whit to the values of the world. It con sists simply in trading money and stocks from one to another. The deal ers In stocks are constantly engaged in an effort either to raise or lower the price of the article in which they trade, and the raising and lowering Is arbitrary and has no relation to real value. In fact, the result most usually achieved is getting hard earned money from people who have honestly made it, on margins on stock which In the long run are not sus tained by the market and therefore will eventually represent so much loss on the part of those who buy. The best thing that has happened for real business in this country for many a flay is the very dull season of business on the New York Stock market which has characterized the present year. If this dullness can only be continued for a year or so longer it will probably result in a great deal of capital being withdrawn from stock dealing and devoted to the productive business of the country, such as mer chandising, manufacturing and build ing. Some months ago Governor Hughes undertook a move against the stock market as at present managed in New York which, if carried on by his SUC ■■ in office, may finally eliminate from it the feature of stock .gambling and reduce it to a pure matter of in vestment. When that is done 05 per cent in bulk of tlio transactions Will have been eliminated and an Immense amount of money now held by the great stock jobbing houses, such aa Morgan & Co., Kuhn, I.oeb & Co. and other related and dependent banks will leased from what is now an un productive occupation and will be turned into the channels of productive business. It is safe to say that with speculation pur.' and simple elimina ted from the New Fork stock market hundreds of millions of dollars of capi tal now held In that city to be used in speculation will go Into the encourage ment and sustenance of legitimate business, Bringing this about is one of the great reforms which now con fronts tho people and which must be attended to sooner or later, and the sooner the better. Senator Aldrlch, who was l<i 0 down in a New York street, says he doesn't know what hit him. Similar uncertainties may be entertained by Sunny Jim Sherman, Congressman Tawney ami others. Xhe Southern Pacific machine has apparently Riven up Its fight for most of the state offices and is concentrating its efforts to hold all the county o it can. The foundation <>f the machine is in the coun 1 When Miss Vera Silent of Indian apolla »as married to 1/ieut. Hush, of the navy we presume the newspaper :i;i opened with: "A quirt wad ding took place," etc. LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 30, 1010. _ _ b-m^ m mij i ■_ l ■ i-M-rr—i~i n~r-W~T*~-r'~T~r~~l~~MTir3-MTn~^ —^^»^^—<■ i ,'3?kXH£TT GILLETT'S BAD BILL i I/THOTTGH self-defense, the first A law of nature, is Los Angeles primary cause of objection to Governor Gillett's pet proposition to bond the state for $18,000,000 to build highways, that is not the only good reason for defeating it on November 8. Los Angeles county is building her own modern roads at an expense of $3,500,000 and the city is widening, paving and otherwise improving her streets at an expense of other millions. It is estimated that Gillett's bill would saddle on to property here (with accrued Interest) a mortgage of close to $10,000,000, without a dollur's visible benefit to us. Now as to some of the other objections. Marsden Manson, an eminent engineer, says of the bill: If this bonded indebtedness of $18,000,000 Is incurred by this stato in the present condition of its laws, in the present stato of its road clu.SHlncu.liun, that fund will become a mere grab bag for anybody who has any kind of a road to petition to get it built by hook or crook, whether it form a part of the state highway or not. The California Good Roads associa tion, which certainly can't be accused of opposing any feasible plan for ad vancing the work for which it is named, is also against the bill. Mr. J. M. Eddy, its secretary, says: There are fourteen objections in every line (of the bill) that has fourteen words In it. It is ill con structed in ever*- way. It is ill put together; it is ill devised, and there is not a word in it nor a dollar of that money that would lessen the cost of transportation to the farm ers of the state. California needs cleaning up some more before the extra sum of eighteen million dollars is turned over to state officials to spend. I.os Angeles voters who support Gil lett's scheme on November 8 will vote to put a debt on their property for which they will receive no return what ever. MARTIN BEKINS V( )TERB of the Thirty-eighth .sena torial district of this city have unusual opportunity to send to the state senate a man whoso all-around equal is not often persuaded to devote his time and service to the public In terests. They will give tho cause of good government In the state a real forward push if they elect Martin Be kins, the Democratic candidate. To any one who bus lived for even a moderate time In L.os Angeles it is not necessary to introduce Martin Be kins. Many years of honorable busi ness life and public spirited service in behalf of the community are behind him, and now, having passed beyond the need of close application to his well'organized lersanal affairs he is willing to give the benefit of his ex perience and wisdom to his neighbors at. the state: house in Sacramento. Mr. Beklns' good deeds and the Ideals that have prompted them are, with his acquaintances, Inseparable from the mention of his name. He would him self be the last t.> mention his goner ous help to worthy charities, but oth ers speak "i" them often and «i ite fuiiy. When the Bght for good gov ernment became necessary to restore the reputation of Los AJigeles, he threw himself into the cause v. ith the same seal and vigor that he applied so ssfully to his business affair.:. We say again thai it is too seldom that men of .Martin Beklns' character can be persuaded to enter the jublic service, if the people of the Thirty eighth district want th.it kind to rep resent them in the senate, there he is. Now the Cunard hue will build a monster steamer of 60,000 tons, about 1000 feet long. It Will I" . quipped with almost every means of. comfort and di version, except probably golf links. Dr. Crippen's execution day has been ret forward to November 8. By odd co incidence that is aISO the day when -I political heads will drop in the basket in Los Angeles county. The Anxious Season A SAMPLE CIRCULAR THIS is a sample of the stuff that is being 1 sent out through the state by the literary bureau of the Re publican party concerning the candi date on the other side, who, because of his brave fight to save California from the corrupt rule of the Southern Pacific machine, was almost elected governor years ago: The attitude of Bell has but made the issue more plain. The personality of Bell has had little consideration on the part of the real source of the fight against Johnson. The men who so long have participated in every sort of political and civic corruption do not fear him. They have held out to him the lure of office and have made him the instrument of their design. It makes little difference where he once stood, or what de gree of sincerity he may have as sumed in the past. In this fight of the corruptionists against the peo ple he has aligned himself square ly with the corruptionists. The people of Los Angeles know Theodore Bell's record pretty well. Several thousand have heard him in this campaigrn denounce the same Boss Herrin and Southern Pacific political bureau that ho dared to attack in the zenith of its power. We assume that most if not all of them believe in truth and fair play. It would be in teresting to know what they think of this widespread detraction, and what effect it is having on their de cisions as to the proper men to sup port on election day. IN PORTUGAL Sic semper tyranms— That once was the cry When Liberty shouted And Freedom flew high. Sic semper tyrannis— These words held tho thought From which the uplifting Of man has been wrought. Sic semper tyrannis— And sceptre and crown, That stood for oppression Hy rulers, came down. Sir Semper tyrannis— Waa Freedom's appeal When tho necks of the people Were under the heel. Sic semper tyrannis— Of course, loAg ago. When rulers were tyrants Refusing to know Tho rights of the people And thinking a throne, By virtue of power, Made all rights their own; But times have been changing, The sceptre and throne Remain us the symbol, But ths tyrant has gone. The people are rulers. Yet they must be led By one of their number As recognized head; Ills title means nothing, No form Is a test, Good government means only Whatever Is best. Best for a people: B*>t for the world; And for that let the flag Of mankind he unftfrled. —W. J. I^ampton. CATCHING MEN'S EYES Magistrate House Upheld woman's right to wear long hatpins. She sallies forth In gay array, And humis.e men must clear tho way Or B^t tht'lr feature! emtnee (As "hashed" is said In Pronchj, For woman's Inborn right to pplke Whatever facial point she like— The rar or Ik<-, the eye of Mike- Is settled from the bench, A dagger scrapes away tho skin That was so tender on your chin, Or else your mouth It enters In Or vivisects your jaw, And when you tell the dame that your Proboscis doesn't need a ekew'r, K!ip hmightlly retorts she's sure Tliut nhe'a within the law. O judge, you little guessed what you Would doom your humble brothers to— That various one-eyed men would rue Your dogma all their lives. And that your autocratic phrase Would bring to modern mortal gaze A dream of Inquisition duyH, The virgin of the knives. Henceforth on every working night Or morn, if we would be polit<\ We mu!--t consent to I*>ks of Might From any trlrl H76 view; And sufferers the rod will kips With Home BUch humble phra»« an this: "Excuse my forwardness, l>ut, miss. You have my eye on you!" —New York World. I—♦» » HE KNEW "My daughter, Gladys Ma*. has become quite an elocutionist." "Yes," peevishly replied the next-door neigh bor, "no I hear!"—ruck. v Far and Wide VALTTE OP GOOD ROADS The decrease In Missouri's rural popu lation Is In those counties only which have poor roads. Where the good road proposition has been brought Into practice there are material gains. It is more than likely Kentucky will show up in the same way. Good roads draw people and are a valuable asset In every way.—Lexington (Ky.) Herald. WELL, MAT THE COAL MAN QUAKE A message of glad tidings comes to us from Busby, the cornstalk seer and naked eye astronomer of Independence, la. He writes: "All signs that I have noted tell me that a warm winter Is on the way." We do not question the accuracy of the Busby forecast. The future Is radiant with hope.—Toledo (O.) Blade. A STATELY METROPOLIS The state of Delaware, under the new census Is given a population of 101,ISS. If Chicago or St. Louis were located there, what would become of the rest of that state, as either city would take up the en tire limits?— Burlington (la.) Gazette. SAME GOOD DOMESTIC VINTAGE Lovers of "rare old wine" need not worry over the troubles at Lisbon as likely to interfere with the supply of their favorite beverage. New Jersey, Ohio and California are well outside of the Portuguese revolu tionary zone.—New York Tribune. A HANDICAP However, St. Louis should stipulate In the terms for that aeroplane race from Spring field that no Illinois legislators are to be permitted to escape into Missouri by the aerial route.—Springfield (Mo.) Republican. THERE'S ROOM Perhaps that man caught stealing soap and towels In one of our hotels was only an advance agent of some one trying to Introduce St. Louis bath room morals in Chicago.—Chicago Daily News. VERMICULARLY SPEAKING Hindoos, arriving at Frisco at the rate of 300 monthly, have hookworm. Oh, yes! this country is the refuge of the poor, oppressed and wormy of all nations, all right!— Shreveport (La.) Times. EDIBLE GIRLS The dally announcement In our want col umns of "Wanted—A white girl to cook," Is eloquent recognition of our claim that the Houston girls are good enough to eat. —Houston Post. THE FIRST NECESSITY A hslf cent piece might be a valuable addition to our coinage system If there could be effective legislation to provide some article that could be bought with It. —Washington Star. WOULD BE AN ATTRACTION Ollle M. James of Kentucky wants to wear a toga. Those who want the United stairs senate made more Interesting ap prove of his ambition. —Brooklyn Eagle. HOW THEY ESCAPE IT There are SO,OOO prisoners In Jails In the United f-tates. It's a cinch that none of them Is worrying about the high cost of living.—Buffalo (N. V.) Express. HE LEAPS TO FORTUNE There's hope for that St. Louis boy who prefers tennis and baseball to a $5,000,000 fortune. He'll probably know how to spend It.—Philadelphia (Pa.) Times. BASES OF INCISIVE MEDICINE Most operations are performed because tlie patients neeil them, and some, possibly, be^au^e the surgeons need the money.—Al bany (N. V.) Journal. TAKING NO CHANCES Humored that Balllnger takes his lunch in the office —not to savo time, but for foar they'll lock him out. —Atlanta Constitu tion. HAD IT TO BURN The Atlanta Journal asks if the colonel thinks we can live on advice. Hardly. Kinre he is so free with it.—Washington Herald. MAYBE NEVER Malefactors, mollycoddles, liars, lend me your ears. I will return them when I get good and ready.—Philadelphia Inquirer. TRULY COLORED Why "the melancholy days?" The au tumn 'leaves are myriad tinted—every color except blue!—Guthrle (Okla.) State Capital. A PRETTY PENNY Ten years ago St. Joseph, Mo., danced to the music of a padded census, and la pay ing the piper now.—Chicago Tribune. COMPARATIVE SAFETY There is nothing like a big automobile ra.e for making the aeroplane seem as safe an a pony cart. —Springfield Republican. A CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK Cavalieri'B father was a Janitor. Thl« may account for her domineering ways.— Ht. Paul Pioneer Press. COCBAOS NEEDED \ St. I.nuiH paper has a column editorial on "Tlie Honaat Politician." Wo haven't bad tlni lifart to read It.— MeraphU (Toun.) Ktwf-Soimltfti. PUBLIC LETTER BOX to ruiIIRMirOMPgMTS Lttttrt Intended tot publication mint be accompanied by in. •«5?.»d JSKiI «f thi irHtor. Th* Herald »i«. tb. wldwt Utltud. t. .urr-pond-t.. but a»»um« no re»pon«tblllty for thrif Tlewa, DISAPPOINTED IN JOHNSON Editor Herald: Permit me to ox pr»ss my Individual feelings with re gard to what Johnson is saying of Bell. I am a Democrat, but before these unjust and false accusations were made by Johnson I felt indiffer ent as to whom I should cast my vote as between Hell and Johnson. But now I am not only going: to cast my vote for Bell, but will use, all the In fluence that I may have for his elec tion. I had hold Hiram Johnson as being an upright, truthful, honorable gentleman, but everybody known, who b at all familiar with Bell 1! record, that Johnson has grossly misrepre sented him and is not worthy of thfi high office to whirh he aspire* Instead of upholding the high principle* ho (Johnson) started out to do he has Btoopcd to low down trickery and mis- I representation. Am sorry Indeed to have my faith so shaken In a man T formerly had so much confidence In. A VOTER. Los Angeles, Cnl. CARL BERGER'S CASE Editor Herald: I read the appeal made by Mr. Berger in this morning's Herald and it struck me as one need ing immediate attention. It is a case calling for our deepest sympathy and quick action. This man comes from a country where several years of his noble young life were no d.oubt taken In preparing him for Imaginary war and In bo doing he was deprived of making the start in life he otherwise might have made. And, now, since I do not have to spend any of my hard earnings for beer and tobacco I will inclose $1 for this needy man. If a small portion of the "booze" fighters and tobacco juice squlrters of Los Angeles will do likewise, or half as well, we can put this brother on his feet and In a position to care for his dear family until he can get some thing to do and earn more. Ho must nt think that we look upon him as a beggar. He Is only doing his whole duty by making his wants known; he is helpless. The writer passed the winter of 1907 in Los Angeles and gave the price of many nights' lodging and meals to men who were shelterless and hun gry. On the morning after Christmas that year a young man committed suicide by shooting himself in the same house where I was rooming, and upon examination it was found he was penniless. He had told some of tho roomers that lip could not find work. Had he appealed to the public, as this man Berger has done, there would certainly have come some relief to him to save him from committing that rash act. W. B. BURROUGHS. Ontario. Cal. MRS. LAVIN'S CASE Editor Herald: There Is much in your Letter Box and editorials to In terest and Instruct the readers, but the thought of the poor victims of the "third degree." their loneliness and suffering, as described in the reports, almost monopolizes one's thoughts by day and waking hours by night. The question has forced Itself upon me again and again: Can it be lawful in the state of California, or in any en lightened country, for police or detect ives to resort to a process so cruel, and so long- continued that the victim ceases to realize the necessity for an attorney to protect one's Interests In a case of great emergency? We are told that Mrs. Lavln maintained her self-possession until she had gone through the sweating ordeal; until "her face appeared haggard and drawn for the want of Bleep," and that "■he showed plainly the result of the arduous cross-questioning." Evidently she did not have sense enough, after enduring the third degree, to know that she must have an attorney to as sist and defend her from her torment ors and the grave charges. "I don't want an attorney to defend me" Can reliable evidence be obtained by such methods? Or, can it be lawful for de tectives to hold a man who had "by a fall from a railroad" Injured his head and his mind, and for hours subject him to the sweating process In order to induce him to say, while in that half sane condition, something they want said? Should they not Instead have waited until hospital treatment restored his mind to its normal condi tion so that what he might say would be worth considering? But, no; they left him a "nervous wreck from police third degree methods," to suffer men tal torture! All these questions and thoughts kept intruding themselves until ono morn ing The Herald came in, stating edi torially that the third degree grueling was not sustained by law, but that it is "unconstitutional." That was a com fort, for as it was not in accordance with constitutional law, it could be put an end to So again comes the thought, as there must be some provision for compelling an official to obey the laws, why is it not applied in this case? One is loth to believe there are not enough men in Los Angeles who are interested In the maintenance of law and the protection of its citizens to take the necessary steps to put an end by means of such provision to the will ful violation of law on the part of their political servants. If there are not, then indeed is this government of, for and by the people a^lum^^ South Pasadena, ('al. ■ A Town of Edison Houses A modification of the ideas of Thomas A. EdiHon for the construction of concrete houses will be tried at (l.ii-y, Ind., which now promises to be the most advanced exponent of the art of concrete construction in this country, as the American Sheet and Tin Plate company has had plans pre pared for 200 houses of this kind to be erected for the occupancy of its em ployes in that city, involving in their construction the use of steel forms similar to the plan as suggested by the distinguished wizard of Menlo Park. The idea first came to be taken seri ously when Mr. Kdison, the inventor, perfected his concrete house model, which he proposed to patent and rent for construction purposes. His .idea was followed by others, and tho scheme for several years grew in new features and improvements, but no move was made to put the scheme into effect on n large scale. The Tin Plate company, however, believing that the concrete house is a practical modern dwelling, has perfected a plan whereby It will erect houses of varying style, of ar chitecture and all made within one The plan provides for setting in the steel form for the first story of the building. Through the top of thu form a stream of mixed eruabea DEFENDS THE IRISH Editor Herald: In reading "Logic Chopper's" letter I wish to say that he is very much mistaken as to the ignorance of the Irish concerning the English language. Although born un der the stars and stripos, I will not stand to see any reflections made against the Irish. If Mr. Logic Chop per was U smart and broad-minded as he thinks he Is he would not cast the ignorance of one Individual upon such ■ wonderful race ns the Irish. How many of our presidents nnd generals were of Irish blood? Why, some of the greatest men' In the world were Irish, Take off your hat, Mr. Logic chopper, to the Irish and say, which you can truthfully, that the Irish are ime of the most wonderful peoples in the world. MARGARET HART. Los Angeles, Cal. VETERAN FAVORB HANDLEY Editor Herald: The veterans at this homo have often wondered why a com paratlvely young man (who has not the least claim on Uncle Sam) should have been appointed chaplain here In stead of an old soldier at one-tenth of the expense. There are a number of ex-mlnlnters here, men of true piety ami talented, whose appointment to that position would have pleased us greatly, but they were passed over In favor of the stranger at a fat salary. They likewise have wondered why our post fund (tainted money from the defunct beer Joint) should have been depleted a goodly sum to build an elegant residence and furnish It most sumptuously; also a study in the same grand stylo. Why he has been relieved from even riding in a buggy to the cemetery to say the few last words over the dust of our honored comrades, while the old Midler escort must go, and walk at that, puzzles many of us. Why should he, and other citizen employes, be permitted to gradually transform our ground* into chicken ranches and prairies? There are many "whys" I should like to ask, especial ly "whence conies this pull?" Perhaps the following clipped from a local paper will elucidate some things somewhat: Judge Love of Danville, 111., Is here visiting his sister, the wife of the Soldiers' home chaplain. Judge Love, on behalf of the gov ernment, purchased the land on which the Danville Soldiers' homo is located. Joe Cannon was Interacted in that swamp, uikl the price paid for it was quite satisfactory to your Uncle Jo seph. It is self-evident that these homes are being made use of by cer tain influential politicians as a dump ing ground for their dependent*, with out a particle of regard for the wel fare of the veterans for whom they were primarily built. With a eongresn composed of such sterling Americana as Prof. Handley such discriminations against the old soldier would not bo tolerated a single day. BANKS (of the Wabash). Soldiers' Home, Sawtelle, Cal. ADVICE TO 'AULD LANG SYNE' Editor Herald: To the lady of 60 years who, in a dilemma, seeks ad vice, I, being 82 years "young," ven ture to make a suggestion. Having an offer of marriage from a gentleman older than herself but still "hale and hearty," she desires to accept, be cause, as she says: "We are both lonely and companionless." But shf> adds: "I am puzzled to know If, at our age. marriage is sanotiflod by God." My suggestion Is that she sub stitute the word "nature" for the word "God." Thousands of years ago when tho must advanced of the animal kingdom reached the stage of development called "human," the wisest of human beings were blind concerning the mys teries of nature, and in their ignor ance (puzzled to account for the how and the why of humnn existence) they conjectured various causes in explan ation of the "beginning." Having no conception of the tact that there never was a beginning, they imagined the existence of a supernatural being who had power to create something out of nothing—a self-evident impossibility. As wo know comparativejy little or this world and still less of any other. It la possible there may somewhere exist beings far superior to the hu man, but If so, instead of being cre ators of worlds they are themselves the creatttm of nature—the result ot ages of natural development. Such beings, if they exist, are worthy of our adoration —not worship. Any be ingl who desires to be worshiped is not worthy even of respect. Of the many gods who at various tiiiirs and in divers places have been worshiped, the one most persistently clung to is the god of the Old Testa ment. Yet no thoughtful reader of the commands given by "God" con cerning the tribal wars, the vile treat ment of captives, etc., must admit that if there was on earth any man as unjust, as cruel, as vindictive, as the Jehovah of the Jews, he would not be permitted to live. And we are told to love such a monster. ■ Out of the god idea has grown the division of mankind into classes— from rulers (by divine right) down to slaves—by divine approval. The god idea in in fact the greatest bar to human progress that curses the world today. I^et "Auld Lang Syne" rid her self of the delusion concerning obe dience to a mythical god and Instead endeavor to obey the laws of naturs. If all could do likewise this would be a brighter and better world and life would be well worth living. W. N. SLOCUM. I,os Angeles, Cal. (Building News) stone and cement flows from the mix ers. Tins form is allowed to stand # until tho liquid mass within is capable of standing alone. When the concrete has dried sufficiently the Bteel form Js removed and the form for the second story goes into place on top of the concrete already in place. In the con crete houses the window frames are of concrete and the door openings are ready to have the jambs set for swing ing the doora The chimneys are mold ed of concrete 'and every bit of archi tectural effect is brought out in perfect form. Following the process the outside finishing touches are put on and the house stands a solid stone building with not a crack or a crevice In it, and as the years go by the substance be comes harder and harder. Even the porches are made of concrete and gut ters and drains arc molded by the forms in the same manner that doors and windows are outlined. The roof of the house is also of smooth or shining concrete. It can also be made in the form of tiling or may be left in such a way that colored pottery tiling may be used. Nine tlmp» out of ten, the professional tramp keeps on In the beliof that the world owes lilui a living.