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Los Angeles Herald "'. '.'. . THOMAS E. GIBBON, : ; : Prealdent end Editor. ■'•' Entered M second clasa matter »t the I postoffice In Loa Angeles. iv.V OLDEST MORNING TAPER IN LOS ANGELES. Founded Oct. 2, 1873. Thirty-eighth,, Year. H". * Chamber of Commerce Building. i Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. - The only Democratic paper In Southern ? California receiving full Associated Pre« j report*. -' . ___^ ' i '■■ RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH ': ; -• SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mall or carrier, a m0nth.....» .»0 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months 1.60 Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. S.t'u Pally, by mall or carrier, one year 8.00 Sunday Herald, one year ••••• -•»« ■ Postage free In United States and Mexico, elsewhere postage added. . A file of The Los Angeles Herald can he seen at the office of our Encllsh represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co.- 3«. 81 and II Fleet street, London. England. free of charge, and that firm will 1 « glad to receive news, subscriptions and adver tisements on our hehnlf. Population of Los Angeles 319,198 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN And Mr. Taft was thankful that he ran for office in 1908 and not in 1910. Now 'fess up. Mr. Vegetarian, didn't you break over just a little yesterday? For the first time in some years many Democrats ate a tenderer bird than crow. If Mary Garden is really going to marry a Turk, we can only say "Oh, pasha." The dinner was very good, but cold turkey for a week is the melancholy aftermath. Los Angeles leads in another way. it can run an nutcm.-hile race without killing people. We knew there was a catch in it. Walter Wellman has begun to write up his trip for a magazine. . Having made up your mind to shop early, why don't you do it instead of standing around that way? Relatively speaking, if the upper berths are to be lower, the lower will be the higher, won't they? With the biggest crops in history, and the barns full, why should prices stay up and thousands go hungry? Recent events show that the Mexi can's taste or capacity for stirring things is not limited to bull fights. The way Is now cleared for the bond syndicate to propose that we close up Broadway in order to get its money. Another thing we gave thanks for was that with eggs at 65 cents a dozen they are not essential to subsistence. Eugene Zimmerman, who threatened to quit the country, has become a Democrat. So he is in it more than ever? If Senator Chauncey Depew is happy about his retirement, lie needn't think he has a monopoly of the joyous feeling. Missouri is worrying because It lost in population. No need to worry. They are safe, sound and happy here in Los Angeles. What business had those Mexican In surgents to start a row without giving Richard Harding Davis time to get on the ground? Middle western states that shrunk in population have the consolation that they are only three days from South ern California." The present legal status of the Okla homa state capital contest is that Governor Haskell has reversed the supreme court. Another projected tunnel through the Alps indicates that the route marked out by Chavez will not be used for a while at least. Bet President Diaz wishes he had a fool the size of Mr. Taft's, so that ho could put it down on the revolution and end it at once. Indicted beef trust officials! object to being tried i.i Chicago. Suspect they would like a change of venue to the north pole about 1950. Governor-elect Dlx says he wants to forget the election. He hasn't half the reason to feel that way about ii as Governor-reject Stimson. It is hard to satisfy some people. Paper* that denounced Teddy before election for being so prominent now are exasperated by his immolation. Secretary Wilson says meat will come down "If the dealers do not combine to uphold prices." In the search for causes Mr. Wilson is "getting warm." Senator Burrows says insinuatingly that Taft is "long on brains and short on bluster," which is more than the people of Michigan were able to say for Senator Burrows. While many women declaim against their political and economic "slavery" a still larger number frankly enjoy an abject servitude to the men who create fashions to sell. Senator Aldrich "expects to intro duce a new currency measure at the next session. if th* referendum ap plied to national affairs he might "ex pect" something to follow. It's the Jail for yours If you try to run a lottery or use the mails for it; but Uncle Sam raffle* off his land, as he did the other day at Standing Rock. Undo is a hypocrite. WHY MEAT IS HIGH VERY Interesting in view of the re cent announcement of the beef trust that the large corn crop and other things enable lt to shave the price of meats somewhat are the financial reports of the two leading companies In tho trust. They show that Swift & Co. ended tho fiscal year September 30 with an approximate gross business of $250,000,000, about the same as that of Armour & Co. The surplus is estimated at about $7,000,000 and the earnings about 12 per cent on the stock. . Nor was 1910 an exceptional year. I The 1909 report of the Armour com pany showed that it netted a 35.6 per I cent dividend on its capital stock. This statement was made by the company I In Wall street, to which It had to tell the truth, as It was then seeking to list on the stock exchange a new stock is sue. Secretary Wilson has been quoted i as saying that the trust makes annu ally 35 per cent on its investment. As i the profits of trusts go in these halcyon days of combined capital and monop oly, 35 per cent doubtless seems to the Swifts and Armours pitifully small. Like other American trusts, the one in Chicago sells \he American pro duct in the London market cheaper than in Now York. Why? In Eng land, with open ports, Swift and Ar mour must compete with the meat from Brazil, Argentina and Australia. In a letter to the New Tork Times John A. Hcnneberry of the Brazilian Trade corporation explains the situa tion. He says: . For ten years stockmen and ship pers of South American countries, of Australia and South Africa have moved, heaven and earth through the medium of their diplomatic representatives at Washington to obtain the creation of such regula tions as will enable them to place thousands of tons of beef, pork and mutton upon the plates of Amer ican worklngmen at prices that will almost cut in halves the prices now being charged by the Chicago pack ers and will still pay the duty asked under the existing tariff, if certain other iniquitous features were re moved. Nothing is really asked from the United States government but the abolition of the artificial barb-wire fence -which the packers through the assistance of their sen ator and agent at Washington have strung around the ports of New York, Boston and Baltimore. A recent two-line editorial in the Toledo Blade contained a whole ser mon: "The price of live hogs has de clined, but nobody eats live hogs." By the time the live stock is dead stock the fixing of the price Is _n the hands of the beef trust. And so long as it is represented In the United States congress by its own senators and rep resentatives not much relief can be ex pected by the consumer. PRISON FOR RUEF NEW hope that the day is at hand when the California courts will make ahe criminal law of tho state less of a national by-word is given by the decision of the court of appeals of the first district, affirming the judg ment of the San Francisco superior court in the case of Abraham Ruef and making it almost certain that he will serve the fourteen years In prison which are so justly due him for his part in the saturnalia of corruption in the Bay city early in the past decade. The decision held that direct testl- ( niony of Supervisors Gallagher, Furey and Wilson had been abundantly cor roborated by the circumstances sur rounding the disposition of the $200,000 placed in the United States mint to the credit of the president of the Unit ed Railroads, and subsequently trans ferred to Ruef. / On all the technicalities raised, in cluding the one accusing Judge Law lor of unfairness, Ruef was beaten. Everyone who believes in personal and public decency will rejoice at this out come, not vindictively but in the belief that If ever a lesson were needed for the world of crooks lt was and Is need ed in this case. Ruef not only de bauched individuals and institutions right and left but made the name of California a stench in the nostrils of the nation for years. His career when uncovered was revealed as an unbrok en trail of crime, and logically its climax was an attempted murder and a suicide. The mere possibility that such a man could go unwhipped of justice In Cali fornia was shocking. Thi dragging of the case, in spite of the mountain of evidence against him, through several years when he ought to have been In stripes and was at virtual liberty, is a disgrace to the California courts that cannot be wiped out for years. One of the first steps to efface it should be to place Patrick Calhoun on trial at the earliest possible day and determine his part in the events in which Ruef figured. A BUSY CHURCHMAN m i 'DAY begins tho tenth year of his I labors since his consecration to -*- the bishopric of the Rt. Rev. Thomas J. Conaty, head of the diocese of Monterey and Los Angeles, and the occasion should not pass without a word of felicitation both to him and the fortunate field In which he has worked with so much zeal and accom plishment. Most of the period has been spent by Bishop Conaty here, in a field that called for the most uncommon ability as an organizer and business man, as well as sacerdotal fitness. In the Cast eat growing city in the world and a relatively expanding spiritual field al most every day has presented a new problem, some of them big problems. So well has every one been met that this diocese la now not only one of the most important in the world but one of the best managed and equipped. With all the crowding priestly duties Bishop Conaty lias found time to be active in civic til fairs, to cultivate the friendship of every class and sect, and crown it all with the prepartions, now nearly completed, for the bishop's con tribution to the greater Los Angeles— a million dollar cathedral, possibly the second finest in America, which will be erected on Ninth street. The past decade in Los Angeles has been one of wonderful achievement for many, but " few- can this be said so emphatically as of the head of the Ro man Catholic diocese of Monterey und Los Angelea, LOS ANGELAS HER: FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 25, 1910. . ■-.....-..,-..,.. - ...-.,- -. - - _ ..... ...... "Who Is to Blame for the High Prices,of Meat?" ///^/^ ■ y ■'". [WHY DERNIT.ALLj ____*__ NoW YOU \ ///,*,;<-• _. |WHY OERNITAULI P"|iW NOW YOU MR. BRANDEIS* HINT IN THE summing up before the in terstate commerce commission of the case of the shippers against the railroads in the matter of freight rates Attorney Brandcls, for the shippers, may have put his hand on a vital phase of the subject that has been overlooked by others; that is, that the railroads can and should effect large economies in their management. In stead of combining to raise rates, they ought to combine to reduce costs. Mr. _ Brandeis said such economies might' total $1,000,000 a day. If they came within hailing distance of that the problem would be solved. Brandeis played a strong card when he showed that manufacturing plants increase their business largely while reducing costs of operation, yet railroad opera tion cost grows as fast as or faster than the growth of receipts. The com panies lay this to higher wages, which is doubtless partly true. Some of it Is merely juggled book keeping, but it is entirely probable that extravagant management is responsible for much of it. So long have the rail roads considered themselves above re sponsibility to the public; so long have they felt they could force what they wished out of the public up to the "all the-trafflc-wlll-bear" point that they have not been under the necessity of competitive manufacturing plants to study closely the matter of economy. Largo salaries for high officers and legislative funds have been dealt out generously, party campaign funds have been contributed to in no small sums, luxurious private trains or cars have been at the call of directors, rebates have been paid, and in other ways money has been wasted, and not taken out of the stockholders, but the public. If the railroads have been as slow about adopting agencies of economy as they have safety and labor-saving de vices—which have been put into use chiefly through legislative force—there is a lot of room for Mr. Brandeis' sug gestion. The contention has been made that more money Is needed by the railroads to maintain their credit. They might help more along that line by adopting the hint of the Boston attorney. j Wall street's sulks are natural. Just I had a nice little killing planned when ! along conns the report of enormous crops. When it got adjusted to the rise along came the Mexican shindy. "In one respect," says the San Fran cisco Chronicle, "the census of Los Angeles was Incomplete. It failed to give the number of cafeterias." I So much building in Los Angeles I that anything below a million gets a j number six head in an inside page. A HEARTY LAUGH Being the day's bos. Joke from the news exchanges. He was making a small puchase In a butcher shop out In the Ashbury Heights district, and had just got his parcel when a woman entered. "Butcher," said the woman, with the unaccustomed air of the short-term bride. "I want a planked steak." The man paused to listen, if only for a moment. "A planked steak?" repeated the butcher. "That's a way a steak is cooked, not the kind of a steak it is." She became quite indignant at this. "I know what 1 want," she said, with the grand air; "I want a planked steak." "Well, madam," oniled the butcher, "I can sell you the steak, but not the plank." "I want a planked steak," she re peated. "I know what I want. My husband'—sho lingered lovingly over the word —"ordered one in a restaurant downtown, and that's what I want." The man who had waited to hear loft while they were still arguing.—San Francisco Chronicle. .J What the Tariff Costs You (Charles Johnson Post, In New York World) TAXING THE BRAND-NEW BABY Next door there is a new baby and when It came the eager tarlff-taxers and the Payne tariff law were both prepared for It. Nothing slips by. The flannel band that is wrapped around its "tummy" is tariff-taxed 35 per cent and in addition to that 33 cents a pound. Next comes the little woolen shirt, and that is tariff-taxed 60 per cent and in addition to that 44 cents a pound. The woolen flannel skirt is tariff taxed also 60 per cent and in addition to that 44 cents a pound. New babies are a grand thing for the woolen trust under the woolen schedule. The swaddling clothes are tariff-taxed 13-4 cents a square yard and in ad dition to that 30 per cent—but those two taxes must never be less than 50 per cent. And the new baby needs quite a large equipment. Over all this goes the lawn dress— tariff-taxed 60 per cent. It has little knitted bootees and they pay 44 cents a pound and 60 per cent in addition. There Is a little knitted jacket with ribbons woven through it. The knitted jacket pays a tax of 60 per cent and 44 cents a pound In addition, and the ribbon is tariff-taxed 50 per cent. If you have economized by using a rib bon of artificial silk the tariff tax Is still higher—6o per cent and 45 cents a pound in addition. I The bibs are taxed 60 per cent, the little cotte% cap 50 per cent, or if it is The Family Doctor's Future "If I had a son," remarked a leading physician the other day speaking be fore a men's club, "I would not dream of making him a doctor. There is lit tle to please the family doctor in the outlook for his profession." He pro ceeded to cite the activities of the, hos pitals, the free dispensaries, the books and lectures on hygiene, the popular interest in matters of health, the prog ress of physical culture, the gospel of fresh air and other factors in reducing the doctor's business. "For ten years the tendencies have been growing more evident in this direction and the situ ation now is becoming a serious one for the average family practitioner." Every man has a natural bent to ward unfavorable criticism of his own occupation. This is proverbial. Mak ing due allowance for the human equa tion, as does the mathematician in his calculations, is the family doctor jus tified in his complaint? The medical specialist, it may be taken for granted, lias little reason to repine at his' choice of a profession. Whether correctly or not, laymen believe that the specialist has the snap, does the least work and gets the most pay. He has regular office hours in the daytime, like any other civilized Individual, does not have to respond to night calls, selects his patients and in the majority of cases makes them come to him Instead Tribute to American Wife / The loyalty and devotion of Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain, wife of one of the greatest figures in English political circles .f today, is the talk of two continents. Before her marriage to the British statesman she was Miss J Mary Endicott of Salem, daughter of the late William C. Endicott, who, un- i der President Cleveland, was secretary of war. _,-_. _. , , Some years ago "Joe" Chamberlain was suddenly taken sick, and during his recent illness his wife was ever by his side. She seldom left the sick room, and although there were nurses, she insisted on caring for him herself. She was to him what Mrs. Gladstone was to England's great premier In his last sickness. And now that Chamberlain Is bet ter, much better, it is said, she has j even a harder task to perform, for ( the old warhorse Is longing to jump Into harness once more, and it Is her work to keep him quiet until he is really flt. In the great campaigns which her! husband has fought and won she has v-en his best frienu and adviser, and during the crisis attending the wind un of the Hm* war she was bis great- | chilly the woolen cap is tariff-taxed 60 per cent and 44 cents a pound i._ addi tion. A -new baby needs a lot of safety pins tariff-taxed 35 per cent. Its powder puff is taxed 40 per cent, the toilet powder 60 per cent, the little brush 40 per cent and the comb that comes with it—even though not really needed yet—3s per cent. If it is a bottle baby the bottle Is tariff-taxed 60 per cent, the rubber tube and mouthpiece 60 per cent and the lacteal baby food 20 per cent. It Is wheeled out for its morning air In a perambulator tariff-taxed 45 per cent, with the rubber tires paying 45 per cent as a separate article. Its chief Joys are a rubber doll taxed 35 per cent, a celluloid ball taxed 35 per cent and a woolen ball taxed 35 per cent. And it wes given a toy bal loon, also tariff-taxed 35 per cent. A gay rattle—tariff-taxed 35 per cent —keeps it quiet ln wonderment. Later it will graduate to a rubber ring also taxed by the tariff 35 per cent. The baby carriage blanket Is taxed 44 cents a pound and also in addition 50 per cent. . His—or her—littlo cape is also 44 cents a pound and 60 per cent In ad dition, while th" veil is tariff-taxed only 60 per cent. A little later when it gets to the dig nity of a high seat at the table (seat taxed 45 per cent) It will practice eat ing from a plate taxed 60 per cent and drink from a mug also taxed 60 per cent, while the small knife and fork set Is tariff-taxed 35 per cent. (Plttsburg Gazette) of his having to go to them. Treating only serious cases, the people who do their own doctorinft of minor ailments do not affect his business. But the family doctor doubtless has some cause for concern as to the fu ture of his profession. The world will always need him, but nqt in such num bers as at present. There are more doctors today than can extract decent livings from their practices, and if the Carnegie Foundation Is to be believed, many of them are better fitted for some other walk in life. This institu tion has suggested that the number of medical colleges in this country might well be reduced to about thirty, where the most capable instruction could bo given and a higher grade of physicians turned out. The enforcement of more rigorous conditions for admission to the medical profession, both by col leges and by state regulations, would greatly reduce th« number of doctors. We should have fewer and better ones. Then the doctors would not need to complain of lack of support,- because there would be patients eneugh for all. The family doctor, therefore, should agitate to help brmg about this happy condition of affairs. Good men will not remedy matters by leaving the profession or preventing promising can didates from entering it. There is no profession where capable, conscientious men are more needed. . Boston Globe) est help. "In all the storm and turmoil and stress of the troublous times from which wo are now emerging," Cham -1 erh.ln said in a speech at Birming ham on the eve of his departure for South Africa, "I have had at least one source ~f solace, in my wife. When under the double burden of the great responsibility that had fallen on me and the venomous attack and lying misrepresentation of our professional enemies, my courage seemed like fail ing, her wise counsel, her unbroken optimism, sustained me. "She has fortified me by her courage and cheered me by her sympathy. I have found ln her my best and truest counselor." This Is the tribute of Joseph Cham berlain to his wife, a New England girl. And slu is an American through and through. "You are not a bit like an Ameri can." Queen Victoria once said to her. And she responded: "That is the very worst compliment that you could possibly nay me." Boston Globe. . PUBLIC LETTER BOX %____ mmwmmm _^_____ m _________sss»wm^—m————memammm—mema——mm——^e^————wmm^~mm , .. ■ ■ ■ TO COItMKSPONDKNTB— HUM Intended to, publication moil be accompanied by tbe name and address ot the writer. Th« Herald glvea the wide* latitude to correspondent*, but assumes no responsibility far their views. MR. JACKSON ON UTILITIES Editor Herald: Mr. David V. Jack son says; "The utilities are for pub lic use and are essentially monopolistic. Why, then, should tho public not own them?" Now this Is as rank Socialism as ever was uttered. Compare it with the Socialists' claim that "what the people collectively (or socially) uso the people should collectively own." Yet Mr. Jackson is described as a /'conservative," and probably Imagines himself to be one. Shows how munici pal "Socialism" can educate even an English Tory. So mote it be! WALTER SECCOMBE. Los Angeles. SHOCKED BY OUR GRAMMAR Editor Herald: Little grammatical errors in The Herald are entirely too common. Evidently some of the re porters, printers or proofreaders are not well informed on the subject of grammar or English. But what Is to be done about it? The schools are so occupied with teaching basketball and other side isstres that they have no time to devote to this old-fashioned subject. We hear high school pupils misuse "who" and "whom," say "between you and I, "with you and I." etc.; and some of the teachers seem to be no better. Will not The Herald take up the mat ter and agitate for more English gram mar In the schools? W. R. WALKER. Los Angeles. <MS EXPLANATION Editor Herald: Replying to the ques tions of Dr. H. H. Dow of Pasadena, who wishes to know why church mem bers and temperance societies sup ported Fredericks against Woolwine. and why Rev. Robert Burdette oould be Induced to go upon the rostrum with and in behalf of the former, 1 wish to say that In my opinion the religious and temperance teaching too often confines the mind to a narrow channel, rendering the individual un able to view but ono side of a ques tion. For example, they could not comprehend how a man' who had put a few "blind pigs" out of business could be dishonest or unfit to fill an important office. The same is true of the Rev. Bur dette, but in addition he was allied with a certain newspaper that op posed Woolwine. Besides, the noted humorist is a pood guesser and want ed to be on the winning side. M. Duarto, Cal. TOBACCO'S ECONOMIC SIDE Editor Herald: I often wonder if the chewers and smokers of tobacco ever stop to think that their acts are responsible for the high cost of living to a certain extent? If the amount of labor now consumed in raising to bacco, and the same soil now culti vated to tobacco was turned into rais ing corn, wheat, potatoes, cabbage and many other farm products, the prices of these would be nearer the reach of hundreds who can ill afford them now. The corn, oats, rye and hay could be converted into pork. beef, mutton and poultry, and tho price of these he re duced to within easy reach of us all. The wheat and a part of the corn could be converted Into flour and meal for human use that would go to building up flesh, bone and brain Instead of being squirted out on our sidewalks and blown out in smoke to poison the air, which, in its purity, abounds in pure oxygen for life and health-giving purposes when coming in contact with the blood coursing through our lungs. Shame on the mother of six children who will hold up for a tobacco smoker. If it is such a comfort for the men, and such a pleasure, why Is it not Just as much so for the women, and why do they not use it? Educate the boy against the dirty, filthy habit. Won't you help, you smokers and squirters? ONTARIO. Ontario, Cal. ADVISES COUPLE TO MARRY Editor Herald: I have read with In terest in your today's paper the letter from the "Vinegary Old Maid." Per haps the reason she is still a maiden lady is because she Is as she admits, a selfish type of Individual. In my opinion that's just what is the matter with most people, too selfish in their views as well as their means; if It were not so the noble appeal The Herald has made In behalf of the poor widow who Is about to lose her home would not have run so long. Shame on the people who have money and could liquidate the debt (and not feel it) that they have not come running to help In this case I don't believe in looking on the dark side of anything, but if troubles come, smile on them and say there will be a way opened in which I can sur mount them. . '• A. _. As I said before I've been through the mill, and advise any young couple to marry, thereby fulfilling the com mand laid down from the beginning. I firmly believe a wise provision has been made for the couple whose inten tions are right. There are good posi tions at good salaries for good men. I believe a young lady can like a young man (or an old one) better if he can show her a good big bank account, but is that the way to start out? It is un fortunately the way it Is done too many times I say to the young people, marry, but be careful that you have not made a mistake; to both, do not feel that your confidence is misplaced, and it must be absolute. Good fortune will come to those whose vows are regis tered in heaven. J- C. ARTHUR. 'MOTHER'S' FEARS Editor Herald: Will the writer of letter signed "Mother" kindly read The Herald editorial printed on the same page containing her letter, in which she" expresses hysterical fears that Socialism aims at the destruction of the home? The editorial calls at tention to the address of Dr. J. R. Haynes before the City club, after a thorough Investigation of social and Industrial conditions of th» principal countries of Europe. Conditions not caused by Socialism, but by capitalism, miilrr the cut-throat system of com petition. From what source does "Mother get her information that Socialism aims to destroy the home? What homes does she mean? If she means the miserable ■hack* and sweat shop homes occupied by a majority of the workers of the world, she is right, for Socialism will surely destroy all such ulcers caused by the "Napoleons of Finance." If "Mother" will read the literature of Socialism, the writings of all of the greatest literary men and women, ana the Inspired poets of the day, Charles Edward Russell, Lincoln Steffene, Jack London, Edwin Markham, and scores of the best women in this country and Europe, she will find that Socialists are striving to build homes for all on the solid rock of universal love and and not on the shifting: sands of profit and rent and war. Yes, Zlon is rising. Over 3,500,000 Socialist votes In Germany, and the great uprising of labor in England, France, Australia and the United States prove that the time has come and that we are no longer afraid. DR. GEORGE W. CARF.V. I'asaUenu. INFORMATION FOR 'MOTHER' Editor Herald: Laughable' Indeed It Is decidedly so, to read the communi cation in Monday's Letter Box signed "Mother." The same old, stale, time worn statement—"Socialism alms at the destruction of the family and home." This time it is said to have been "a female Socialist" who made tho discovery. Webster's definition of Socialism Is this: "A system which contemplates a more complote construction of bo ciety, with a m.io just and equitable distribution of property and labor." Not a word does Webster say about the Socialists wanting to "break up the home and family," and the writer would like to know Just whero that "female Socialist" who spoko "to a large audience mostly composed of females a few evenings ago," got her information. Does "Mother" not know that not all who say they are Socialists are what they claim to be, any more than all who claim to be Christians are not true followers of the Nazarlne? If "Mother" will observe the work of the divorce courts, she will see that the present form of Industrialism, called capitalism, is fast breaking up the few remaining homes, and preventing many a new one from coming into existence. We Socialists are trying to bring about an industrial system that will insure permanent employment to all who want it. and at the full product of the laborer's toll, too. No, Socialists do not. want to break up homes; they have a highcr'conceptlon of home than a hired roof and a higher conception of marriage than the ownership of a woman. If "Mother" wants to Inform herself on the burning question of the day- Socialism— writer will be glad to give, free of charge, a book on that subject, by calling or writing 1258 West Temple street, Los Angeles. HARRY HERMANN. INDORSES 'BACHELOR'S' VIEWS Editor Herald: I havo been watch ing each issue of The Herald, hoping I to see some indorsement of the views of "Bachelor" on marriage, published some days since. In that contribution were expressed good sound sense. The union of two persons in marriage Is a very Important matter, Involving as it does the happiness or misery and degradation of their children. Have they a right to bring into the world children cursed with an inheritance of poverty and doomed to a desperate struggle for existence? Can con scientious people be willing to take I upon themselves such a terrible re sponsibility? According to the plan of i the Creator every child has a right to | the care of Its mother. Now, accord- I ing to the caso cited, together the two ! to-be parents have an Income of $22 a week, she earning $15. When the first child comes she must give up her situation and the $15, reducing the $22 Ito $7. That will not provide clothes lto keep the increasing family warm ior provide food to nourish them, to j say nothing of educational advantages, j necessary to enable them to provide for themselves a respectable living. What then must be the remorse of the parents? True, they will still have each other, but they will not have, as has "Bachelor," the greater happiness, the consciousness of having, through sacrifice/* of immediate gratification, avoided the unpardonable sin of bring ing children into a world of struggle and sorrow, if not starvation; and with the probability of these conditions and their injurious effects being car ried to those yet unborn. The hard fate of the conscientious bachelors and their would-be wives can only be pre vented by a great change of the meth ods of production and distribution of the necessaries and comforts of life. Until then It must bo a choice between single life and marriage .of poor people multiplying their unfortunate kind. M. V. LONGLEY. South Pasadena, Cal. SOCIALISM AND THE HOME Editor Herald: I read in this morn ing's paper a letter denouncing Social ism, signed "Mother," in which she says "Socialism will destroy the home." These lines fromTtobert Hun ter are the best answer I know: "It is sometimes said that Social ism will destroy the home and when I hear it said I wonder what kind of homes. "Will it destroy the homes of the merry widows of Reno, Nov.? - "Will it destroy the homes of the young American girls who have mar ried dissolute foreign noblemen? "Will it destroy the hovels and in sanitary, overcrowded tenements In which the poor r.re today herded like cattle? , __ _ <:Jr' "Will it destroy the homes of the mothers who rise at dawn to leave for the factory? _ , . "Will it destroy the homes of sick fathers and anxious wives and hun gry, fretting babies? "Will it destroy the homes of that multitude of women who have married not for love but,for support? "A few years ago I spent some months in France, whero the Socialists control a hundred or more cities. "It is common knowledge that among the poor of France illegitimacy is very common. To what extent that Ille gitimacy is due to inability on the part of the poorest workmen to pay fees for the marriage service Is not known. But we do know that the fees charged by the clergy for performing the marriage service are sometimes exorbitant. "Well, in the great city of Lille the Socialists took action on this question of Illegitimacy. - - ?'_;,"'_''_ "And to overcome It they established a free marriage service, the fees to the clergy being paid directly by tho municipality. "Since that time thousands of mar riages have been sanctioned under this new act and a great number of chil dren, who would otherwise have been classed as illegitimate, are now legal "Does that look like an effort to de stroy the home? "Now consider a few other facts. Who does not know that for millions of the poor capitalism has destroyed the home? ■'■■■' "Go through any great center of in dustry and see the mothers who are forced to give their children to the street and themselves to the factory. "Some of them had hardly time to give birth to their babies before they were called back to the mill. "And why? Because capitalism has destroyed those homes! "Socialists realize that so long as the present system lasts it is impos sible for them to free from toll the mothers of their children or to save the babies from neglect, or children from the street, or all from actual hun- ger." A SOCIALIST WIFE AND DAUGH TER. San Bernardino, Cal. • THE READY TALKER Patience —She's talking of getting a di vorce. „, PatriceWhat I Again? > » Patience—Why, did she ever have one be fore? . ' < PatriceNo, but •he's talked about It be fore.—Yonkers Statesman.