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Los Angeles Herald 1 THOMAS K. GIBBON, President and Editor Entered as second cUlts matter at the postofflco in I.m Angeles. OLDKST MORNING PAFBB IN LOS ANGELES. rounded October 2. 1873. Thirty-eighth »*»*• Chamber of Commerce Building. Phonos—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10111. The only Democratic paper In Southern California rocelvinc full Associated Pross reports. ; RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by moil or carrier, a month • •"• Dally, by mail or carrier, three months ±°" Dally, by mall or carrier, six months *•• Dally, by mall or carrlT. one year •••" ( Sunday Herald, one year ■ •■• ■ • ••••:•■ '•"" Mexico; elsewhere postage added. Postage free rnlted Slates anil A file of The £«s~Angelrs Herald can be so. at the office of our English representatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co., .lU. 81 and 31 Fleet street. lxindon, England, frue of charge, and tnat firm will ho glad to receive news, subscriptions and advertisement. on our behalf. ____„__„—— Population of Los Angeles 319,198 Somebody ought to take a census of Los Ange les now. The new road to wealth is the elevated road on which the aeroplanists travel. Neither the butcher nor the tailor has yet heard of the heralded cheaper cuts. Don't be so sure Uncle Joe won't be speaker in the next house. He'll do his share of the speaking. The Mexican insurrection may not be unani mously considered all right, but it is pretty nearly all riot. The Panama, canal will be completed in 1913— just in time for a Democratic president to open it officially. The czar is permanently relieved of the annoy ance Tolstoi caused him. They won't meet in the hereafter. Those who live in a window glass trust should not have invited the public, by arrogant demeanor, to throw stones. Seems paradoxical to say it, but Mexican war Veterans may not be such a rarity two years from now as they are today. Illinois laborer is said to support a family of twenty-two on a wage of $1.50 a day. He must feed them on bran mash. It is officially reported that the Panama canal has cost to date" $103,632,169. This is too indefi nite. How many cents? The didos cut up in France by the visiting [American jackies convinces us that one of the needs of the navy is ehaperones. Another proof that you can't believe every thing you see in the papers is that they said meat ivvas going to be much cheaper. Salt Lake City needn't brag so much about its big growth. Los Angeles grew 211 per cent, and they let us have only one wife apiece. Milk sold in New York for 9 cents a quart nets the farmer only 3 3-8 cents, which shows the mid dleman is something of a milker himself. Spain wants a representative at the raising of the Maine. The attitude of the Castilians is much like that of Missourians on other questions. Fresh eggs are selling at 27 cents at New Or leans. As San P'rancisco has not done better than 60 the exposition is awarded to the Crescent city. Now if President Diaz wants to put a stop to that insurgency business why doesn't he semi over to England and enlist a regiment of suffragettes? Fourteen persons have been killed by football this season—more than prize fighting has killed in several years —which is not mentioned as argument but fact. Over 700 poor families fed in this city on fThanksgiving by the Salvation Army and Volun teers of America. That is about 3500 close to want. (Too many. Having seen much of both of them, a love for the naked truth compels us to admit that denuded of all verbiage I)e Swirsky far outstrips Maud Allan from top to bi ittom. The Home Market club o that the Payne-Aldrich law should ''have a fair trial." iWe agree to the extent that it should be put on trial, and the sooner the i> ! The New Puzzle IT is now a good fortnight since 'he beef trust and other?, with a i suspicious in view of the indictments in « "; fave ! out that food prices would drop-. We have been listening ■ >r the drop but ha\ it, We : can't find who has I card it. Papers from ■[Portland, Portland, I has > been a drop, 1 i where else—i..; 1, is, • jthem; others say there has been ni The dicta, editorial opin • pfficial commeni n ' news items on th I make up an intere Ling symposium, as compiled I by the Buffalo Tirm 1. Prices have fallen, but the election didn't ! Be it. 2. Prices haven't. 3. Prices are down wholesale, but noi ri ] 4. The wicked corn-crop did it. 5. It is manipulation, i 6. It is natural suppl; and demand. ! 7. Don't get rattl d. Prices may go up again ' poinetimc. 8. Doc "Wiley says it J !'. Armour and is. ; 10. It was bound ay. 11. Your nai it conic. 12. The poor consun ci how we love him. 13. Flare it in your new- 9 and swear ft is."' ■ on your editorial pag 14. 'Sh-sh—maybe it isn't 1 after all. "You pays your money and takes your choice. ' Jf you arc an optimist, p opping; if a pessimist, they are going up. Bul foi everybody the bills foot up about the same at the end of the month. Editorial Page sf. Tshe Herald Labor's Share of the Tariff IN a speech made when the Payne-Aldrich tariff bill was under discussion Senator Gore of Oklahoma cited instances where woolen mills at Fall River, Mass., had paid 22 per cent dividends to their stockholders'during the panic season of 1908, although, as a result of the hard times, the companies owning these mills had discharged a considerable portion of their employes and had re duced the wages of all the others. These facts were cited by Senator Gore to show that the American laborer did not get a fair division of the tariff which was levied in behalf of one of the most strongly protected industries in America in the name of American labor. Some of the high tariff senators made an effort to question the correctness of Senator Gore's figures, but he fully maintained their correctness and silenced his critics. l'n this connection, the following which ap peared in a recent number of the Literary Digest is of interest. Under the caption "The Factory and the Death Rate" the Digest says: "The people of Fall River are troubled by Census Director Durand's announcement that this Massachusetts city has the highest death-rate of any American city— l9.l deaths per 1000 inhabi tants. The death-rate for the country as a whole is 15 per 1000. This was too severe an arraign ment for the Fall River board of hearth to let pass unnoticed. The census director in replying to their protests points out that his data were furnished by the Massachusetts secretary of state and ascribes the excessive death-rate to "an abnormal mortality among Fall River children.' "In the light ot mod ern knowledge,' a New York Times editorial in forms us, 'the reason for this is not far to seek.' "'Fall River attends to its municipal house keeping more than fairly well, and its inhabitants are intelligent as well as respectable, BUT IT IS A TOWN WITH MANY FACTORIES, EM PLOYING WOMEN IN GREAT NUMBERS DURING LONG HOURS EVERY DAY. THIS IS GOOD FOR BUSINESS BUT IT IS HARD ON THE CHILDREN. Born of tired mothers, they start in life under a handicap, and while they are not neglected or starved, they are lamentably apt not to receive the sort of care nor sort of food for which science has as yet found no really ad equate substitute. " 'Enough of the children thus 'raised' die to make Fall River seem to be what it probably is not—an unhealthful city in the common sen^e of that term. But what of those that survive? IT IS UPON THE SURVIVORS THAT. IN ALL LIKELIHOOD. FALL THE HEAVIEST PEN ALTIES WHICH IMPLACABLE NATURE IMPOSES UPON THE VIOLATORS OF HER LAWS. STATISTICIANS CAN NUMBER THE DEAD BUT THERE IS NOBODY TO TELL JUST HOW THE LIVING ARE AF FECTED BY AN ANCESTRY OF FACTORY POISONED MOTHERS. Occasionally the army recruiu'ng officers or the examiners of candidates for positions in police and fire departments start the cry of steady physical deterioration among the laboring classes in the manufacturing centers. That cry has not yet been frequent or loud in this country, but it has been both in England, and people with sharp ears are hearing it here.'" Thus we see that in one of the mest highly protected of American industries, an industry which, on account of the enormous protection ac corded it, was able to pay its stockholders 22 per cent dividends upon their stock during the worst financial panic that this country has seen for many years, the wages paid the laborers engaged in this highly protected industry are so small that the women of the families of these laborers have to labor so strenuously as to make themselves in capable of bearing healthy children. Or, to state it in another way, these overworked women in this highly protected industry, ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR REDUCED VITALITY INCIDENT TO THE DRAIN UPON THEIR STRENGTH BY THE HEAVY LABOR NECESSARY TO EARN A LIVING FOR THEIR FAMILIES, ARE PRODUCING CHILDREN WHO ARE SO WEAK THAT THEY EITHER DIE IN IN FANCY, OR, IF THEY GROW UP, ARE CURSED WITH A WEAKNESS OF BOTH MENTAL AND PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION SUCH AS WILL PREVENT THEIR BEING PRODUCTIVE CITIZENS OF THE BEST TYPE, AND WILL INSURE THEIR BECOM ING AT AN EARLY DAY A CHARGE UPON THE COMMUNITY IN WHICH THEY LIVE. The Herald some time ago published figures showing how in the other most highly protected industry in America, to wit, the iron industry, thousands of men were worked in the Bethlehem Iron works twelve hours a day and seven days a week for the pitiful wage of 51.58 per day. l'n the face of these figures, if the American people 1! wake up to the fact that the tariff tax which the whole of the people of this country is paying in the name of the American laborer is the most colossal fraud that was ever perpetrated upon any people, then they are less intelligent than we think them. Aviation's Natural Home LOS ANGELES and San Francisco are assured of aviation meets of the first magnitude in January. In all probability climatic reasons will make it easy to equal, if not surpass, any previous similar events of the pa t sear. The harsh uess of eastern winters will make aviation any where but in the south or .southwest quite impos ible. In a country where a long stretch of zero weather may occur at any time it is hardly possi o arrange great outdoor gatherings with any pect of linanciTil success. There is no place so logical as a headquarters i aviation as Southern California. Here its pro moters may carry on experiments or exhibitions twelve months in the year, and this condition is :n not to be overlooked by them. Already the Curtiss team has engaged ground in this vicin • the winter month.-, and it is understood the Wright brothers will also avail them of this climate to carry on their work. Los Angeles will be the onlj American city to hold two aviation meets within th of a year. The first produced a world record. If the second . essful the world is bound to ask not only ali.ii manner of city this is that is taking Ihe lead in the new science but what mannei of climate \vi have that permits the human eagles to soar in mid winter while the real of the country is mowed in or frozen stiff up to the gunwales. A HEARTT LAUGH I Being the day's host joko from the news I i-Xihanpes. j The various rulings of the commis sions and departments at Washing ton are oftentimes thought to be ar bitrary and unnecessary. No less a personage than Davir Starr Jordan joked about the laws of the interna tional fisheries commission. "The nsh there have no chance," he lamented; "they have as hard time of it as the whites In the interior of China. "A druggist there said to his clerk one day: " 'Didn't I see a foreign devil come out of here as I came down the street?" '• 'Yes, sir," the clerk meekly ro sponded. 'He wanted a permanent cure for headache." " 'And you sold him' " 'Rat poison, sir.' " —National Mag azine. California Topics We knew there was a flaw in the Los Ang-eles heaven. Eggs are 60 cents a dozen there.—St. Louis Globe-Demo crat. Los Angeles, Cal., is so well pleased with the census figures that nobody there thinks of asking for a recount. —Washington Star. We are again reminded—by the gov ernor of California th' time—that the Pacific coast is defenceless. This Is reminder No. 1323.—San Antonio Ex press. The latest census returns would in dicate that San Francisco was not so badly shaken down as some persons have Imagined.—Woman's National Daily. From the way San Francisco papers rejoice over Democratic victories in the cast one might suppose that Califor nia had led the hosts of reform for many years—Philadelphia Inquirer. San Francisco has voted by a ma jority of about 20 to 1 another $5,000, --000 for the Panama exposition. Si no ordinance has been passed exiling those who voted against the measure. —New York A\ rorld. San Francisco voted $5,000,000 to ex ploit a world's fair in that city when the Panama canal open.s. New Orleans, which also wants the exposition, has thus far put up little but hot air.— Hutchlnson (Kan.) News. Los Ansreles has come out so well In the census that it. cannot §co how a neighboring and sister city can permit itself to become so much worked up over a little thing like an International exposition.—Christian Science Monitor. Los, Angeles made a gain of 211 per cent In the lust decade nn.l lias now ni9.1!)8 population. This Is about 7,ri.- --000 more than the Ropu llcan was at first disposed to concede, but on going over our figures we find that we for got to Include tho- real estate agents in our census.—Waterbury Republi can. A bollermakor is not usually a puny man. Like his friend the blacksmith, he has plenty of muscle, but or-> of his trade in Los Angeles broke hia collarbone in trying to button on his collar. Lot us consider tho collar but ton. It Is a tiny thing, yet nothing of man's invention has developed such perversity. Designed lor a perfectly legitimate use, it has become an ob stacle to his moral progress, an in centive to profanity, a wrecker of be lief and a. destroyer of domestic peace. —Chicago Tribune. HE CERTAINLY WAS The JUdgfl Aril you say the him 1 1 had you by the throat and wu holding you down? What was lie doing? The M;ill He was linlditlg Hie UPi iudec—Yonkeis tjtal*>imu.ii. The "Weaker" Sex? Story by Local Banker-Author THE literary talents of liussell J. Waters, president of the Citizens National bunk, have long been known to his friends through the many charming lyrics that have come from his pen, as- well as several prose stories of merit. There has Just been issued from the press of the Rand-MeNally com pany of Chicago the most nmbitious single literary effort of Mr. Waters— a book of nearly 300 pages under the title of "El Estranjero' 1 (the Stranger). "El Estranjero" is a story of Southern California in the pioneer days, writ ten in romantic form, and told in most interesting manner, as all who are familiar with Mr. Writers' knowledge of local history and skill In narrative may well believe. While the thread of the tale is imaginative the history with which it is interwoven is accurate and the thousands of newcomers into South ern California who are unfamiliar with the intensely interesting pioneer days in the bright southland that is now throbbing with human activity can find in "El Estranjero" a delightful way of informing themselves of facts they ought to know. The brave and hardy life of the early settlers was full of romantic and al together unique events, and in them Mr. Waters has found a wealth of ma terial that he has used with deftness and charm. Either for the lover of histor ical novels or for the collector of books this volume will be a joy. Its letter press is a work of art. Nearly every page is illuminated with drawings in tint, and pictures by Will E. Cbapin are liberally sprinkled through the chapters. "El Estranjero" is to be put on sale at the local book stores and will with out doubt enjoy the large sale that it deserves, both as a delightful narrative and a fine specimen of the bookmaker's art. What the Tariff Costs You (Charles Johnson Post, in New York World) TARIFF-TAXED CHILDREN Little Willie and Lucy are having a Saturday holiday today, biit next Mon day morning they will start oft to school, each carrying a little bundle of books, pencils, pens, and other para phernalia which assist in shooting ed ucation into the young mind. But Incidentally they had paid on their blank books a tariff of 25 per cent; on their Dencils they had nald 25 per cent tariff tax in addition to 1-3 of a cent each as a special duty. The pride of little Willies heart is one of those combination pencil, eraser, penholder and stamp arrangements that he had saved out of his spending money. On this he paid 40 per cent tariff tax. Lucy's joy was a little fountain pen for which she had foregone a new doll's cape. On this pen she paid 30 per cent tariff tax. On the penholders they paid 25 per cent tariff tax. The chamois skin penwiper was taxed 50 per rent. The sponge rubber 40 per cent. For the penknife each had they paid 40 ji-.r cent, and then in addition in cents of tariff tax apiece on each knife, un the little school boxes in which they kept the above in orderly arrangement the tariff was 55 per cent. Willie had a little school slate-hook for temporary memoranda tariff-taxed Giving City Children Chance While England bewails the physical deterioration of her city-bred millions as vitally threatening the future of the nation, the United States has un dertaken to solve this problem by methods so wise <md sane and hope ful ns to comprise one of the most im portant social movements of the twen tieth century. It was quite recently discovered that in the making of nor m U, vigorous, efficient men and wom en the playground is as necessary as the school room. And because a great multitude of American boys and girls, pent up in crowded cities, had no chance to play, they were growing up dull and stunted and vicious. It is true thnt long ago a very wise man ■aid: Tho play of children has the mightleat Influence on the mainte nance or non-maintenance of laws," but nobody pays much attention to Plato nowadays. The spirit of this modern awakening is more aptly re flected In the words of one of its lead ers: "The boy without a playground la father to the man without a job." The passing of the vacant lot has far graver significance than may ap pear. The rapid growth of cities has wiped out these open spaces until the majority of dwellers therein must lot their children play In the streets or not at all. It was not very lon* ago 2." per cent. Lucy had a school bag of fiber for her school books, taxed by the tariff 45 per cent. Willie used a simple strap that Is protected by a tar iff tax of 40 per cent. The little girl has a bottle of ink for her fountain pen, taxed by the tariff 25 per cent. Her brother has a pocket comb of cheap horn for use In the tousled emergen cies after recess, 50 per cent tariff shoes with polish tariff-taxed 25 per cent on his marbles. She paid a tar iff tax of 35 per cent on her dollies. Between them they have a cheap school umbrella and mother has paid a tariff tax of 50 per cent on that. If Willie has to wear glasses this fall, father will get them and he will pay a tariff tax of 50 per cent on them. In setting ready for school yesterday they washed with soap tariff-taxed 20 per cent, dried themselves on towels tariff-taxed 45 per cent, polished their shoes with polish tariff-taxed 25 per cent, and brushed their teeth and hair with brushes tariff-taxed 40 per cent. And when they do waste their pennle« on candy the tariff taxes then % of a cent an ounce and adds to that 16 per rent additional tax. This is on cheap randy; if it is a safer, purer and better product the tariff taxes the youngsters 50 per rent. ill. D. Paine in Colllnr's) that almost every public park and breathing place displayed the stupid, cruel legend, "Keep Off the Grass." As for the city public schools, they tried to make their pupils wise, but they had no idea of making or keep ing them healthy. Today in most American cities of any importance the demand for more playgrounds is as insistent as that for better school houses or more of them. Behind this propaganda Is a bracing doctrine now believed in by the fore most investigators. It holds that "the number of children born healthy and strong is not smaller among the very poor than among the well-to-do, or tho rich, or, In other words, that Na ture starts all her children, rich or poor, physically equal, and that each generation gets practically a fresh start, unhampered by the diseased and degenerate past." This means that If the boy and girl of the huddled city tenement can be given a fair < hance to grow, the battle is half won. WINTER READING "I wpp y<>« have subscribed to a drug journal." "I wanted something to read nights. ] judge they won't print no football stories." NOVEMBER 27. 1910. Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS —I*«t«r» Intend** for publication mum be accompanied by. the name and addrew of the writer. The ITorald ■lTa« the nlliil latitude to oorre«pondent». but rnninn no /•uponalblllty for their ▼lawa. Latter* muit not exceed 100 word*. WOMAN DEFENDS MISS LENEVE Editor Herald: In this morning's Herald I read a statement to the ef fect that Mian Leneve will probably not be allowed to land on her arrival In New York. Surely this would be unjust. The English court acquitted her of any criminal action, and If In the past there has been other wrongdoing, It is her affair, not that of officials. And even were there justice In such a pro ceeding there certainly would be no humanity. The poor girl has paid dparly Indeed for her actions and the public should extend her a helping hand Instead of driving her out and thus minimize her chances for leadlns a new and bettor life. CAROLINE HEYWOOD. Los Angeles, Cal. LESSONS OF VIDAL CASE Editor Herald: What a commentary on thn intrinsic dishonesty and oppres sion of our legal and fiscal system Is furnished by the Widow Vldal easel Because this poor woman was UNA BLE to pay a certain amount, the law at once beglm to pile on penalties and interest, enormously increasing her in debtedness. That Mr. Vandenburgh generously remitted or contributed these fees in this one case In no way changes the fundamental fact, any more than The Herald's praiseworthy action touches the root of the poverty evil. There ate hundreds of homes In this city struggling against Just such conditions as the Vidals were facing, for whom the shin-plaster of "individ ual" help offers no prospect of relief. Few people yet realise that Socialism would abolish (automatically) all such troubles, and' countless others, W. D. Los Angeles, Cal. CLASS DISTINCTIONS IN WORDS Editor Herald: "There are no classes in this country!" says Mr. Ignoramus, and then, ostrichwise, he proceeds to stick his head in the sands of con ventional optimism. ' 'No classes!" There Is even a class distinction In words which he who sees beneath the surface of things can easily read, un dertand and Interpret. Listen: The man who steals In a small way is a "thief," but he who steals by means of corporate profits In a large way Is a "shrewd business man;" he who steals a railroad or robs the millions of millions of dolars is a "high financier." If a poor man cats too much he is a "glutton;" a mllionaire or wealthy cit izen is a "gourmand." A poor man goes on a "Jag," gets "drunk" and is a "drunkard" but a rich man, in his galtles and frolics, is a "bon vlvant." These are only a few class distinc tions in words which the keen Investi gator may Increase by means of search ing for same. LITERARY. Los Angeles. TROUBLES OF THE COAL MAN Editor Herald: It is mjr desire to place before the readers of this paper the conditions of the man who delivers coal. He is required to be honest* sober, polite and quick and must know the city. It is easy to see the tragedy of disappointed hopes and ambitions in the face of the man who Is com pelled to do the work of a pack ani mal, often coming In contact with the bulldog at the back door. You perhaps do not know the sorrowing heart and the silent endurance of physical pain that lies back of the cold, repressed manner of the "hero" as he carries the <wal from the street around to the back door, up the steps, through the kitchen and down into a cellar hardly large enough for a kangaroo to turn around without breaking its back. Then Thanksgiving day conies and we don't work. That means a lost day to be deducted from the pay slip on Sat urday night. No turkey dinner and no thanks from this man. Let the prison ers in the county Jail do the thanking; they got something to be thankful for. Virtue may have its rewards, but the mildest punishment for being honest, sober and polite is an unthankful Thanksgiving day. L.UTO. Los Angeles, Cal. BELATED MARRIAGES Editor Herald: I read with much approval Floradence's letter of No vember 24. which favors divorce, and think it would be opportune to write a few words on the harm caused by the postponement of the age of marriage. Not long ago the bride brought her fall economic value to the uhsband. Sho did all the work that the servant girl now does, and then some. Nowadays a young man feels that he must give his wife a home and hire a servant to do the work. On account of economic conditions marriages are Impossible at the right time. Celibacy through the age of romance! It's emotionally wrong. Sex less for a score of years after sex haa awakened! It Is biologically wrong. It is a defiance of nature. Let two couples each earn a salary and form a partnership, then combine their earnings for the sustenance of tho family. The wife in case of neces sity to rni'pivo a pension from the state. By marrying young we attain a certain happiness otherwise unattainable. Wo come to know each other, and help to form each other's character and to share each other's difficulties in the years when only there is real joy In the BtruKele of life. Wouldn't it be pleasant to know that your wife is financially independent and that it isn't just necessity that keeps her a home woman? Tho cage door should always stand open. There should be no such thing as compulsory love. UUSTAVE ULITZE. Los AngolM, Cai.