Los Angeles Herald
1 THOMAS K. GIBBON, President and Editor
Entered as second cUlts matter at the postofflco in I.m Angeles.
OLDKST MORNING PAFBB IN LOS ANGELES.
rounded October 2. 1873. Thirty-eighth »*»*•
Chamber of Commerce Building.
Phonos—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10111.
The only Democratic paper In Southern California rocelvinc full
Associated Pross reports. ;
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on our behalf. ____„__„——
Population of Los Angeles 319,198
Somebody ought to take a census of Los Ange
The new road to wealth is the elevated road
on which the aeroplanists travel.
Neither the butcher nor the tailor has yet
heard of the heralded cheaper cuts.
Don't be so sure Uncle Joe won't be speaker in
the next house. He'll do his share of the speaking.
The Mexican insurrection may not be unani
mously considered all right, but it is pretty nearly
The Panama, canal will be completed in 1913—
just in time for a Democratic president to open it
The czar is permanently relieved of the annoy
ance Tolstoi caused him. They won't meet in the
Those who live in a window glass trust should
not have invited the public, by arrogant demeanor,
to throw stones.
Seems paradoxical to say it, but Mexican war
Veterans may not be such a rarity two years from
now as they are today.
Illinois laborer is said to support a family of
twenty-two on a wage of $1.50 a day. He must
feed them on bran mash.
It is officially reported that the Panama canal
has cost to date" $103,632,169. This is too indefi
nite. How many cents?
The didos cut up in France by the visiting
[American jackies convinces us that one of the
needs of the navy is ehaperones.
Another proof that you can't believe every
thing you see in the papers is that they said meat
ivvas going to be much cheaper.
Salt Lake City needn't brag so much about its
big growth. Los Angeles grew 211 per cent, and
they let us have only one wife apiece.
Milk sold in New York for 9 cents a quart nets
the farmer only 3 3-8 cents, which shows the mid
dleman is something of a milker himself.
Spain wants a representative at the raising of
the Maine. The attitude of the Castilians is much
like that of Missourians on other questions.
Fresh eggs are selling at 27 cents at New Or
leans. As San P'rancisco has not done better than
60 the exposition is awarded to the Crescent city.
Now if President Diaz wants to put a stop to
that insurgency business why doesn't he semi over
to England and enlist a regiment of suffragettes?
Fourteen persons have been killed by football
this season—more than prize fighting has killed in
several years —which is not mentioned as argument
Over 700 poor families fed in this city on
fThanksgiving by the Salvation Army and Volun
teers of America. That is about 3500 close to want.
Having seen much of both of them, a love for
the naked truth compels us to admit that denuded
of all verbiage I)e Swirsky far outstrips Maud
Allan from top to bi ittom.
The Home Market club o that
the Payne-Aldrich law should ''have a fair trial."
iWe agree to the extent that it should be put on
trial, and the sooner the i> !
The New Puzzle
IT is now a good fortnight since 'he beef trust
and other?, with a i suspicious
in view of the indictments in « "; fave
! out that food prices would drop-. We have been
listening ■ >r the drop but ha\ it, We
: can't find who has I card it. Papers from
■[Portland, Portland, I has
> been a drop, 1 i where else—i..; 1, is,
• jthem; others say there has been ni
The dicta, editorial opin
• pfficial commeni n ' news items on th
I make up an intere Ling symposium, as compiled
I by the Buffalo Tirm
1. Prices have fallen, but the election didn't
! Be it.
2. Prices haven't.
3. Prices are down wholesale, but noi ri
] 4. The wicked corn-crop did it.
5. It is manipulation,
i 6. It is natural suppl; and demand.
! 7. Don't get rattl d. Prices may go up again
8. Doc "Wiley says it
J !'. Armour and is.
; 10. It was bound ay.
11. Your nai it conic.
12. The poor consun ci how we love him.
13. Flare it in your new- 9 and swear
ft is."' ■ on your editorial pag
14. 'Sh-sh—maybe it isn't 1 after all.
"You pays your money and takes your choice. '
Jf you arc an optimist, p opping; if a
pessimist, they are going up. Bul foi everybody
the bills foot up about the same at the end of the
Editorial Page sf. Tshe Herald
Labor's Share of the Tariff
IN a speech made when the Payne-Aldrich tariff
bill was under discussion Senator Gore of
Oklahoma cited instances where woolen mills
at Fall River, Mass., had paid 22 per cent dividends
to their stockholders'during the panic season of
1908, although, as a result of the hard times, the
companies owning these mills had discharged a
considerable portion of their employes and had re
duced the wages of all the others. These facts
were cited by Senator Gore to show that the
American laborer did not get a fair division of the
tariff which was levied in behalf of one of the most
strongly protected industries in America in the
name of American labor. Some of the high tariff
senators made an effort to question the correctness
of Senator Gore's figures, but he fully maintained
their correctness and silenced his critics.
l'n this connection, the following which ap
peared in a recent number of the Literary Digest
is of interest. Under the caption "The Factory
and the Death Rate" the Digest says:
"The people of Fall River are troubled by
Census Director Durand's announcement that this
Massachusetts city has the highest death-rate of
any American city— l9.l deaths per 1000 inhabi
tants. The death-rate for the country as a whole
is 15 per 1000. This was too severe an arraign
ment for the Fall River board of hearth to let pass
unnoticed. The census director in replying to their
protests points out that his data were furnished by
the Massachusetts secretary of state and ascribes
the excessive death-rate to "an abnormal mortality
among Fall River children.' "In the light ot mod
ern knowledge,' a New York Times editorial in
forms us, 'the reason for this is not far to seek.'
"'Fall River attends to its municipal house
keeping more than fairly well, and its inhabitants
are intelligent as well as respectable, BUT IT IS
A TOWN WITH MANY FACTORIES, EM
PLOYING WOMEN IN GREAT NUMBERS
DURING LONG HOURS EVERY DAY. THIS
IS GOOD FOR BUSINESS BUT IT IS HARD
ON THE CHILDREN. Born of tired mothers,
they start in life under a handicap, and while they
are not neglected or starved, they are lamentably
apt not to receive the sort of care nor sort of food
for which science has as yet found no really ad
" 'Enough of the children thus 'raised' die to
make Fall River seem to be what it probably is
not—an unhealthful city in the common sen^e of
that term. But what of those that survive? IT
IS UPON THE SURVIVORS THAT. IN ALL
LIKELIHOOD. FALL THE HEAVIEST PEN
ALTIES WHICH IMPLACABLE NATURE
IMPOSES UPON THE VIOLATORS OF HER
LAWS. STATISTICIANS CAN NUMBER
THE DEAD BUT THERE IS NOBODY TO
TELL JUST HOW THE LIVING ARE AF
FECTED BY AN ANCESTRY OF FACTORY
POISONED MOTHERS. Occasionally the army
recruiu'ng officers or the examiners of candidates
for positions in police and fire departments start
the cry of steady physical deterioration among the
laboring classes in the manufacturing centers.
That cry has not yet been frequent or loud in this
country, but it has been both in England, and
people with sharp ears are hearing it here.'"
Thus we see that in one of the mest highly
protected of American industries, an industry
which, on account of the enormous protection ac
corded it, was able to pay its stockholders 22 per
cent dividends upon their stock during the worst
financial panic that this country has seen for many
years, the wages paid the laborers engaged in this
highly protected industry are so small that the
women of the families of these laborers have to
labor so strenuously as to make themselves in
capable of bearing healthy children. Or, to state
it in another way, these overworked women in this
highly protected industry, ON ACCOUNT OF
THEIR REDUCED VITALITY INCIDENT
TO THE DRAIN UPON THEIR STRENGTH
BY THE HEAVY LABOR NECESSARY TO
EARN A LIVING FOR THEIR FAMILIES,
ARE PRODUCING CHILDREN WHO ARE
SO WEAK THAT THEY EITHER DIE IN IN
FANCY, OR, IF THEY GROW UP, ARE
CURSED WITH A WEAKNESS OF BOTH
MENTAL AND PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION
SUCH AS WILL PREVENT THEIR BEING
PRODUCTIVE CITIZENS OF THE BEST
TYPE, AND WILL INSURE THEIR BECOM
ING AT AN EARLY DAY A CHARGE UPON
THE COMMUNITY IN WHICH THEY LIVE.
The Herald some time ago published figures
showing how in the other most highly protected
industry in America, to wit, the iron industry,
thousands of men were worked in the Bethlehem
Iron works twelve hours a day and seven days a
week for the pitiful wage of 51.58 per day. l'n the
face of these figures, if the American people 1!
wake up to the fact that the tariff tax which the
whole of the people of this country is paying in
the name of the American laborer is the most
colossal fraud that was ever perpetrated upon any
people, then they are less intelligent than we
Aviation's Natural Home
LOS ANGELES and San Francisco are assured
of aviation meets of the first magnitude in
January. In all probability climatic reasons
will make it easy to equal, if not surpass, any
previous similar events of the pa t sear. The harsh
uess of eastern winters will make aviation any
where but in the south or .southwest quite impos
ible. In a country where a long stretch of zero
weather may occur at any time it is hardly possi
o arrange great outdoor gatherings with any
pect of linanciTil success.
There is no place so logical as a headquarters
i aviation as Southern California. Here its pro
moters may carry on experiments or exhibitions
twelve months in the year, and this condition is
:n not to be overlooked by them. Already
the Curtiss team has engaged ground in this vicin
• the winter month.-, and it is understood
the Wright brothers will also avail them
of this climate to carry on their work.
Los Angeles will be the onlj American city to
hold two aviation meets within th of a year.
The first produced a world record. If the second
. essful the world is bound to ask not only
ali.ii manner of city this is that is taking Ihe lead
in the new science but what mannei of climate \vi
have that permits the human eagles to soar in mid
winter while the real of the country is mowed in
or frozen stiff up to the gunwales.
A HEARTT LAUGH
I Being the day's host joko from the news I
The various rulings of the commis
sions and departments at Washing
ton are oftentimes thought to be ar
bitrary and unnecessary. No less a
personage than Davir Starr Jordan
joked about the laws of the interna
tional fisheries commission.
"The nsh there have no chance," he
lamented; "they have as hard time
of it as the whites In the interior of
"A druggist there said to his clerk
" 'Didn't I see a foreign devil come
out of here as I came down the
'• 'Yes, sir," the clerk meekly ro
sponded. 'He wanted a permanent cure
" 'And you sold him'
" 'Rat poison, sir.' " —National Mag
We knew there was a flaw in the
Los Ang-eles heaven. Eggs are 60 cents
a dozen there.—St. Louis Globe-Demo
Los Angeles, Cal., is so well pleased
with the census figures that nobody
there thinks of asking for a recount.
We are again reminded—by the gov
ernor of California th' time—that the
Pacific coast is defenceless. This Is
reminder No. 1323.—San Antonio Ex
The latest census returns would in
dicate that San Francisco was not so
badly shaken down as some persons
have Imagined.—Woman's National
From the way San Francisco papers
rejoice over Democratic victories in the
cast one might suppose that Califor
nia had led the hosts of reform for
many years—Philadelphia Inquirer.
San Francisco has voted by a ma
jority of about 20 to 1 another $5,000,
--000 for the Panama exposition. Si
no ordinance has been passed exiling
those who voted against the measure.
—New York A\ rorld.
San Francisco voted $5,000,000 to ex
ploit a world's fair in that city when
the Panama canal open.s. New Orleans,
which also wants the exposition, has
thus far put up little but hot air.—
Hutchlnson (Kan.) News.
Los Ansreles has come out so well In
the census that it. cannot §co how a
neighboring and sister city can permit
itself to become so much worked up
over a little thing like an International
exposition.—Christian Science Monitor.
Los, Angeles made a gain of 211 per
cent In the lust decade nn.l lias now
ni9.1!)8 population. This Is about 7,ri.-
--000 more than the Ropu llcan was at
first disposed to concede, but on going
over our figures we find that we for
got to Include tho- real estate agents
in our census.—Waterbury Republi
A bollermakor is not usually a puny
man. Like his friend the blacksmith,
he has plenty of muscle, but or-> of
his trade in Los Angeles broke hia
collarbone in trying to button on his
collar. Lot us consider tho collar but
ton. It Is a tiny thing, yet nothing of
man's invention has developed such
perversity. Designed lor a perfectly
legitimate use, it has become an ob
stacle to his moral progress, an in
centive to profanity, a wrecker of be
lief and a. destroyer of domestic peace.
HE CERTAINLY WAS
The JUdgfl Aril you say the him 1 1
had you by the throat and wu holding
you down? What was lie doing?
The M;ill He was linlditlg Hie UPi
The "Weaker" Sex?
Story by Local Banker-Author
THE literary talents of liussell J. Waters, president of the Citizens National
bunk, have long been known to his friends through the many charming
lyrics that have come from his pen, as- well as several prose stories of
merit. There has Just been issued from the press of the Rand-MeNally com
pany of Chicago the most nmbitious single literary effort of Mr. Waters— a book
of nearly 300 pages under the title of "El Estranjero' 1 (the Stranger).
"El Estranjero" is a story of Southern California in the pioneer days, writ
ten in romantic form, and told in most interesting manner, as all who are
familiar with Mr. Writers' knowledge of local history and skill In narrative
may well believe. While the thread of the tale is imaginative the history with
which it is interwoven is accurate and the thousands of newcomers into South
ern California who are unfamiliar with the intensely interesting pioneer days
in the bright southland that is now throbbing with human activity can find in
"El Estranjero" a delightful way of informing themselves of facts they ought
The brave and hardy life of the early settlers was full of romantic and al
together unique events, and in them Mr. Waters has found a wealth of ma
terial that he has used with deftness and charm. Either for the lover of histor
ical novels or for the collector of books this volume will be a joy. Its letter
press is a work of art. Nearly every page is illuminated with drawings in tint,
and pictures by Will E. Cbapin are liberally sprinkled through the chapters.
"El Estranjero" is to be put on sale at the local book stores and will with
out doubt enjoy the large sale that it deserves, both as a delightful narrative
and a fine specimen of the bookmaker's art.
What the Tariff Costs You
(Charles Johnson Post, in New York World)
Little Willie and Lucy are having a
Saturday holiday today, biit next Mon
day morning they will start oft to
school, each carrying a little bundle of
books, pencils, pens, and other para
phernalia which assist in shooting ed
ucation into the young mind.
But Incidentally they had paid on
their blank books a tariff of 25 per cent;
on their Dencils they had nald 25 per
cent tariff tax in addition to 1-3 of a
cent each as a special duty. The pride
of little Willies heart is one of those
combination pencil, eraser, penholder
and stamp arrangements that he had
saved out of his spending money. On
this he paid 40 per cent tariff tax.
Lucy's joy was a little fountain pen for
which she had foregone a new doll's
cape. On this pen she paid 30 per
cent tariff tax. On the penholders
they paid 25 per cent tariff tax. The
chamois skin penwiper was taxed 50
per rent. The sponge rubber 40 per
cent. For the penknife each had they
paid 40 ji-.r cent, and then in addition
in cents of tariff tax apiece on each
knife, un the little school boxes in
which they kept the above in orderly
arrangement the tariff was 55 per cent.
Willie had a little school slate-hook
for temporary memoranda tariff-taxed
Giving City Children Chance
While England bewails the physical
deterioration of her city-bred millions
as vitally threatening the future of
the nation, the United States has un
dertaken to solve this problem by
methods so wise <md sane and hope
ful ns to comprise one of the most im
portant social movements of the twen
tieth century. It was quite recently
discovered that in the making of nor
m U, vigorous, efficient men and wom
en the playground is as necessary as
the school room. And because a great
multitude of American boys and girls,
pent up in crowded cities, had no
chance to play, they were growing up
dull and stunted and vicious. It is
true thnt long ago a very wise man
■aid: Tho play of children has the
mightleat Influence on the mainte
nance or non-maintenance of laws,"
but nobody pays much attention to
Plato nowadays. The spirit of this
modern awakening is more aptly re
flected In the words of one of its lead
ers: "The boy without a playground
la father to the man without a job."
The passing of the vacant lot has
far graver significance than may ap
pear. The rapid growth of cities has
wiped out these open spaces until the
majority of dwellers therein must lot
their children play In the streets or
not at all. It was not very lon* ago
2." per cent. Lucy had a school bag of
fiber for her school books, taxed by
the tariff 45 per cent. Willie used a
simple strap that Is protected by a tar
iff tax of 40 per cent. The little girl
has a bottle of ink for her fountain pen,
taxed by the tariff 25 per cent. Her
brother has a pocket comb of cheap
horn for use In the tousled emergen
cies after recess, 50 per cent tariff
shoes with polish tariff-taxed 25 per
cent on his marbles. She paid a tar
iff tax of 35 per cent on her dollies.
Between them they have a cheap
school umbrella and mother has paid a
tariff tax of 50 per cent on that. If
Willie has to wear glasses this fall,
father will get them and he will pay a
tariff tax of 50 per cent on them. In
setting ready for school yesterday
they washed with soap tariff-taxed 20
per cent, dried themselves on towels
tariff-taxed 45 per cent, polished their
shoes with polish tariff-taxed 25 per
cent, and brushed their teeth and hair
with brushes tariff-taxed 40 per cent.
And when they do waste their pennle«
on candy the tariff taxes then % of a
cent an ounce and adds to that 16 per
rent additional tax. This is on cheap
randy; if it is a safer, purer and better
product the tariff taxes the youngsters
50 per rent.
ill. D. Paine in Colllnr's)
that almost every public park and
breathing place displayed the stupid,
cruel legend, "Keep Off the Grass."
As for the city public schools, they
tried to make their pupils wise, but
they had no idea of making or keep
ing them healthy. Today in most
American cities of any importance
the demand for more playgrounds is
as insistent as that for better school
houses or more of them.
Behind this propaganda Is a bracing
doctrine now believed in by the fore
most investigators. It holds that "the
number of children born healthy and
strong is not smaller among the very
poor than among the well-to-do, or
tho rich, or, In other words, that Na
ture starts all her children, rich or
poor, physically equal, and that each
generation gets practically a fresh
start, unhampered by the diseased
and degenerate past." This means
that If the boy and girl of the huddled
city tenement can be given a fair
< hance to grow, the battle is half won.
"I wpp y<>« have subscribed to a drug
"I wanted something to read nights.
] judge they won't print no football
NOVEMBER 27. 1910.
Public Letter Box
TO CORRESPONDENTS —I*«t«r» Intend**
for publication mum be accompanied by. the
name and addrew of the writer. The ITorald
■lTa« the nlliil latitude to oorre«pondent».
but rnninn no /•uponalblllty for their ▼lawa.
Latter* muit not exceed 100 word*.
WOMAN DEFENDS MISS LENEVE
Editor Herald: In this morning's
Herald I read a statement to the ef
fect that Mian Leneve will probably
not be allowed to land on her arrival
In New York.
Surely this would be unjust. The
English court acquitted her of any
criminal action, and If In the past
there has been other wrongdoing, It
is her affair, not that of officials. And
even were there justice In such a pro
ceeding there certainly would be no
humanity. The poor girl has paid
dparly Indeed for her actions and the
public should extend her a helping
hand Instead of driving her out and
thus minimize her chances for leadlns
a new and bettor life.
Los Angeles, Cal.
LESSONS OF VIDAL CASE
Editor Herald: What a commentary
on thn intrinsic dishonesty and oppres
sion of our legal and fiscal system Is
furnished by the Widow Vldal easel
Because this poor woman was UNA
BLE to pay a certain amount, the law
at once beglm to pile on penalties and
interest, enormously increasing her in
debtedness. That Mr. Vandenburgh
generously remitted or contributed
these fees in this one case In no way
changes the fundamental fact, any
more than The Herald's praiseworthy
action touches the root of the poverty
evil. There ate hundreds of homes In
this city struggling against Just such
conditions as the Vidals were facing,
for whom the shin-plaster of "individ
ual" help offers no prospect of relief.
Few people yet realise that Socialism
would abolish (automatically) all such
troubles, and' countless others, W. D.
Los Angeles, Cal.
CLASS DISTINCTIONS IN WORDS
Editor Herald: "There are no classes
in this country!" says Mr. Ignoramus,
and then, ostrichwise, he proceeds to
stick his head in the sands of con
ventional optimism. ' 'No classes!"
There Is even a class distinction In
words which he who sees beneath the
surface of things can easily read, un
dertand and Interpret. Listen:
The man who steals In a small way is
a "thief," but he who steals by means
of corporate profits In a large way Is a
"shrewd business man;" he who steals
a railroad or robs the millions of
millions of dolars is a "high financier."
If a poor man cats too much he is a
"glutton;" a mllionaire or wealthy cit
izen is a "gourmand." A poor man goes
on a "Jag," gets "drunk" and is a
"drunkard" but a rich man, in his
galtles and frolics, is a "bon vlvant."
These are only a few class distinc
tions in words which the keen Investi
gator may Increase by means of search
ing for same. LITERARY.
TROUBLES OF THE COAL MAN
Editor Herald: It is mjr desire to
place before the readers of this paper
the conditions of the man who delivers
coal. He is required to be honest*
sober, polite and quick and must know
the city. It is easy to see the tragedy
of disappointed hopes and ambitions
in the face of the man who Is com
pelled to do the work of a pack ani
mal, often coming In contact with the
bulldog at the back door. You perhaps
do not know the sorrowing heart and
the silent endurance of physical pain
that lies back of the cold, repressed
manner of the "hero" as he carries the
<wal from the street around to the
back door, up the steps, through the
kitchen and down into a cellar hardly
large enough for a kangaroo to turn
around without breaking its back.
Then Thanksgiving day conies and we
don't work. That means a lost day to
be deducted from the pay slip on Sat
urday night. No turkey dinner and no
thanks from this man. Let the prison
ers in the county Jail do the thanking;
they got something to be thankful for.
Virtue may have its rewards, but the
mildest punishment for being honest,
sober and polite is an unthankful
Thanksgiving day. L.UTO.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Editor Herald: I read with much
approval Floradence's letter of No
vember 24. which favors divorce, and
think it would be opportune to write a
few words on the harm caused by the
postponement of the age of marriage.
Not long ago the bride brought her
fall economic value to the uhsband. Sho
did all the work that the servant girl
now does, and then some. Nowadays a
young man feels that he must give his
wife a home and hire a servant to do
On account of economic conditions
marriages are Impossible at the right
time. Celibacy through the age of
romance! It's emotionally wrong. Sex
less for a score of years after sex haa
awakened! It Is biologically wrong. It
is a defiance of nature.
Let two couples each earn a salary
and form a partnership, then combine
their earnings for the sustenance of
tho family. The wife in case of neces
sity to rni'pivo a pension from the state.
By marrying young we attain a certain
happiness otherwise unattainable. Wo
come to know each other, and help to
form each other's character and to
share each other's difficulties in the
years when only there is real joy In
the BtruKele of life.
Wouldn't it be pleasant to know that
your wife is financially independent
and that it isn't just necessity that
keeps her a home woman?
Tho cage door should always stand
open. There should be no such thing
as compulsory love.
Los AngolM, Cai.
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