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Los Angeles Herald - ' THOMAS T.. GIBBON, President and Editor Entered m second dan mutter at the postofflce In Los Angelee. : OI.DBST MORNING PAPER IN LOS ANGELES. Funded October 2. 1873. Thirty-eighth Tear. Chamber of Commerce Building. __ Phones —Sunset Main 8000; Horn* 10111. Th« only Democratic! paper In Southern California receiving run Associated Pre«» reports. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mall or carrier, a month ' •" Dally, by mall or carrier, three month* i *•" Dally, by mall or carrier, six months ••"• Dally, by mall or carrier, one year *•"• Sunday Herald, one year L'U"i" £D i Mexico! elsewhere postage added. Pottage free United States and A (lie of The Los Angels* Herald con be seen at th« offloe of our English representative* Messrs. E. and J. Hardy ft Co.. iv, II and 11 Fleet street, London, England, free of charge, and mat firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and advertisement* on our behalf. Population of Los Angeles ... 319.198 EXODUS FROM THE FARMS AN examination of New York's census report shows that while the population of the state has increased 1,844,385 over the figures for 1900, the rate of increase being slightly in excess of 25 per cent, twenty-four out of the sixty-one counties into which the state is divided show either an actual decrease in population or a population which has remained practically stationary for a decade. Naturally these are the agricultural coun ties. The agrarian population in the Empire state has not merely failed to show an increase corres ponding to the growth of the cities, but it is more than likely that it has failed to show any increase at all. Only a painstaking scrutiny of the figures can determine that fact, but the trend is plain enough and significant. Similar conditions exist here in California and throughout the United States generally. Every where the cities are outgrowing their municipal clothes at such a rate that bond issue must follow bond issue to provide needed improvements. Mean time the country's shortest crop is men to till the soil and reap the harvest. Agricultural products are constantly rising in value. The supply, if it shows no actual decrease, has yet certainly failed to keep pace with the increased demand. All of which presents one and an important factor in the increased cost of living. What can be done to stem the tide of immigra tion into the cities, of emigration from the farms? The problem must be met and solved. Today means of transportation are so easy that the farm ers of the middle west may be said to be in direct competition with the farmers of New York. There is no longer a special local market for staples. This is fortunate for the cities which else must have starved to death, had their neighboring agrarian populations shown their present decline, but it has not been altogether fortunate for the farmer, for with his products to the cities have gone his sons, attracted thereto by the lure of the white lights. Some plan must be devised to make farm life more attractive for young men. Already, in the long run, it pays better than an average job in the city, but that argument has proved unavailing. There must be a counter hire, an attraction strong enough to cope with the city and to hold its own. Today the modern farm house is equipped with all conveniences that are to be found in the average city home. More often than not it is electric lighted. It has a telephone service and a daily mail delivery. The old days of discomfort have passed, but something more is needed. Rural free delivery has brought into farm homes magazines and newspapers, and the boys, reading them, have been seized with a longing to get into the city game, not realizing how desperately hard a game it is nor what the price of success. TRUSTS MINIMIZE WASTE j IT is well ocasionally to give the devil his due, which does not prevent, of course, kicking him around the stump for past or present misbe havior. With regard to the trusts it will do no harm to remember that they have minimized in dustrial waste, cheapened the cost of production and increased the value of their products. The row with the people is merely a fight over the division of the spoils. In many big business establishments the value of by-products represents a fair profit on the in dustry. The lntc I. D. Armour once remarked' that in his packing houses they utilized every part of the pig except his squeal. Tt is said he grieved over that* economic waste until his death, but the squeal still goes uncanned. The saw dust produced by a big lumber mill gen erates steam to saw more lops. In the manufac ture of gas there is a by-produci used for artifi cially coloring confections. Breakfast cereals are produce ! in flour mills from material which other wise would be good for nothing but to feed to stock. There is a use for everything and every thing is used. TRULY THE EMPIRE STATE FITTING indeed is the title of Empire state owed upon New York, as we are remind ed by the census announcement of its 1910 population—9,ll3,279. As a help in measuring this great total of human beings in a single one of our many commonwealths reflect, that it is two and a third times the population of the '": ted States at the time of the first census in The New York World ma" c further in teresting comparisons. New York has more peo ple than any one of these European kingdoms: Belgium, Holland, Portugal, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Bulgaria, Servia, Roumania, Monte;' Bavaria, Saxony or Wurtemberg. It has as many as Scotland and Ireland combined. It has twice as many as Australia, and it exceeds all Canada by at least one-third. New York state is more populous than any country in South America except Brazil, and it ex ceeds any other country in North America c Mexico. Its increase of 1,844,385 for the last do cade is greater than the population of any west of the Missouri except California, and ii al most exactly equal to that, of Maine and Com cut combined. Not so much to be proud of is the fart that New York city exceeds by more than 400,000 the population of the rest of'the state. The I state would be a great r empire if a million of its nmubers could be taken out of the dark and gested parts of the metropolis and scattered the broad expanse of its domain, preferably on its farms. Editortal Page tf Tshe Herald THE TYRANNY OF FASHION A LL careers open to all talents; equality of IX opportunity and in wages." These are •* *■ the things Mr. Julius Chambers tells us in the current Forum which women must secure if she is to win her struggle for economic and do mestic independence. "Under the new dispensation woman must re verse herself," he writes. "Dress, as ever, will proclaim the woman to the same extent that it| serves to differentiate the prosperous from the im- j successful man, but more than a Worth gown will be required to establish the claim of woman to a place m the front rank of her own sex." No one, and women least of all, will find fault with this statement, and yet of all the reforms un dertaken by women in the past quarter of a cen tury none shows less progress than the matter of feminine attire. No woman of intelligence thinks of defending the hobble-skirt, but many wear them. | Extremes in dress, the bizarre ideas, heaven save the mark, of men modistes, rule womankind with! complete tyranny. The remedy is with women themselves. As | long as they submit to enthrone as leaders of fash-| ion women'of the Parisian stage, who thrive'only j upon notoriety and who dress only to attract at tention and create comment, for just so long will j they be absurdly garbed and thus lay themselves liable to ridicule. It is neither necessary nor desirable that the American woman should become a frump or a dowdy, but on the other hand, there is little ex cuse for her copying the costumes of European ■, courtesans. Sanity in attire, as well as modesty, would serve to enhance greatly masculine respect for woman's opinions regarding other lines of en deavor. NO CAUSE FOR THE "BLUE DEVILS" OPTIMISM only is heard from the sources from which we get the trustworthy signs of trade conditions. Wall street, to be sure, sends out occasional notes of dark shading, but the country has learned that with Wall street gamblers the wish is often father to the thought. James J. Hill, in whose judgment many have large confi dence, was quoted the other day in a very pessi mistic vein, but he promptly repudiated the inter view and replaced it with another of exactly op posite tenor. Now come the steel men, whose commodity is the best indication of general con ditions, with this rosy statement after their meet ing in New York: It was stated that on the average of all branches the bookings were about 50 per cent of capacity and the shipments some what in excess. There has been a slight, though marked, increase in daily bookings, month by month, since the first of August to the present time. Without exception, the view expressed by those present regarding the future were favorable. A similar story is told by financial conditions. According to the New York Journal of Commerce the total interest and dividends payable by rail road, industrial and traction corporations in De cember will amount to $93,611,316, against $89, --241,276 in December a year ago. In November, this year, investors received $118,728,938. A num ber of corporations increased their rates or de clared extra dividends, while a few additions ap pear in the list. In contrast to this a few reduc tions are noted. Interest payments will amount to $45,700,000, against $42,500,000, the increase representing the new bond and note issues. The farms and orchards, the source of all wealth, are breaking records. In nursing the "blue devils," therefore, the railroads occupy a lonely and ridiculous position before the country. Another step toward universal transfers will be taken January 1, when the Pacific Electric and the Los Angeles-Pacific companies will be merged. This will result in transfers to and from all inter urban lines and will give Los Angeles two street car corporations in place of the four operating here a few weeks ago. Already the city lines issue trans fers good anywhere except on interurban cars. Republican members of the Ballinger investi gating committee will submit their report some time this week. It will probably be a wonder. When it comes to a good, workmanlike white washing job a Republican committee has Sambo Jobnsing beaten so far that the Ethiopian doesn't appear in the "also ran" division. Former Vice President Fairbanks will pass the winter in Pasadena and former Councilman Bar ney Healv is preparing to give him a good, old fashioned buttermilk welcome upon his arrival the first of next month. A. J. Wallace, lieutenant governor-elect, has been drawn for jury duty and must report to the superior court December 18. That leaves him only twelve more days in which to do his Christmas shopping. Canada, one of the wealthiest and most pro gressive states in the British confederation, is about to create a navy. Perhaps that is as good a way as any to avoid the perils of a treasury sur plus. The population of the T'nited States is estimat ed at about 91.000.000. This means that one for tunate man out of every 180 in the entire country lives in Los Angeles county. Victor Berger may, as a critic says, eat pie out of his hand, but it is improbable that he will eat out of the hand of the interests. Jacksonville, Fla., had a killing frost Friday and in Georgia a negro was frozen to death. Comment would seem to be unnecessary. Dr. Cook confesses he doesn't know whether he reached the pole or not. Thus, it seems, the Ipole cat is out of the ba Tn the next house of representatives the Demo crats will have the immense plurality of 226—ever the Socialists. England has woman sufFeracre now; it might as well accept the "(her spelling of it. Be an optimist. Suppose the cost of living is high ; it's •worth it. THE HERALD'S PUBLIC LETTER BOX BILLBOARD NUISANCE Editor Herald: There is an old ad age that "If you give a man rope enough ho will hang himself." This seems applicable to the billboard In terests at present, and it is to be hoped —as far as this beautiful city Is con cerned—that the council will help at the hanging to Insure a complete Job. we no-w have it. NO MONEY; NO WORK. THEN JAIL Editor Herald: I read the Public Letter Box In your paper with pleas ure every day. Mr. Sanderson's letter takes me back to the time I landed In Los Angeles In 1908. I had a little money when I came, but it soon went. I tramped the city looking for work, but could get none. I had no friends, no money, nothing to eat for two days, and a wife sick in the east. I waa pretty blue. I went one night to Central park, and like the young man Mr. Sanderson speaks of, I was exhausted and hungTy. I fell asleep and waa arrest ed, taken to the lockup and fined $5, which of course I could not pay. I a-sked for a chance to explain and got $5 more. I had to serve ten days In jail simply because I could not get work. The poor man has no show for Jus tice in L,os Angeles, but the real crim inal generally goes free if he happens to have money. ERNEST FISHER. Huntlngton Beach, Cal. A PLAINT FROM SOLDIERS' HOME I'rtltor Herald: Is it not a reflection upon the humanized, civilized, Chris tianized morning of the twentieth cen tury, the nation whose soldiers by legions have given up their lives for the nation's life and laws, humanity and right, and also upon the intelli gent, progressive, loyal people of fair California, that the following related condition should exist almost within the boundaries of the enchanted city of the angels? That more than 3000 disabled defen ders of tlie nation in her past strug gles and triumphs, averaging seventy, and seaching 100 years of age, who re side at this Pacific branch (so called) home, Fhould be compelled to daily suffer from the followine inhuman con ditions: They are placed under the charge of an irresponsible body of men, styled "the honorable board of managers of soldiers' national home," who are su preme rulers over the lives and des tiny of tho old guards of the nation, who have no recourse or appeal from them to the courts of the land. This board of managers has violated the constitution, suppressing the right of petition in soliders' homes, though Russia's iron rule does not subject her most abject serfs to such a condition. They are feeding the aged men, at less cost per capita than prisoners in Jails and penitentiaries, criminals charged with and convicted of crime. These men are fed vegetables from the garden irrigated by the sewage of the <ntire place and hospital, where from 300 to 400 diseased patients re side. This open Hewago stands in plain sight upon the vegetables while growing and the stench of the same la often almost nauceating not only to residents of the hom<\ but alwo to citi zens of Sawtelle and vicinity. When those aged men are finally rendered Insane by these conditions they are plueed in I detention ward and no one la allowed to see them or leant of their condition. Only iUCh as pleases the fancy of the surgeon In charge. It Is a well known fact that these In the Upper Berth men are abused and neglected until they are so covered with loatheeome vermin that their clothes are handled with a pitchfork by employes at the laundry. These are but a few of the revolt ing conditions to which these aged men are subjected by the orders, con- Bent or neglect of the so styled "hon orable board of managers," and the mercenary hirelings styled "home of ficials." who with servile obedience do the bidding of thoir masters without seeming sense, shame or pity for mer cenary purposes, a smile of approval, or hint of promotion. Are these men not Justified in appealing to the na tion who appealed in the past to them? In this land who has ever cham pioned the cause of the downtrodden. enslaved and oppressed? In this land of Christian influence, humanitarian society and statutory law for the pre vention of cruelty to even the lowest of animals; in this land where dwell more than 9,000,000 ex-soldiers' sons, and perhaps us many daughters, how much longer will you be deceived and allow your aged, helpless ones to re main subject to such treatment by such men, whom you can sweep from power and place like straw before a cyclone blast. These are facts sus ceptible to abundant proof. An ex-soldier, citizen and taxpayer, JAMES E. EVANS. Sawtelle, Cal. PROTECTED LIVING COSTS Kditor Herald: In Tuesday's Herald is an article by a Mr. Arnold, headed "What Money Buys." Along with some truth, it contains misstatements, wrong inferences and conclusions. He says: "I have Just purchased a suit of clothes for $15, which in 1855 or 1875 would have cost $30." I will state that I have on at present a suit of clothes that cost me in a leading clothing store $30. When buying I complained to the merchant, a Republican, and told him I had bought as good a suit in 1895 from him for $15, and when times wore good. He replied: "Don't blame me; blame the tariff and the woolen trust." Ar nold says: "Under the tariff of 1894-6 3,000,000 wage earners were robbed of jobs." How many millions under the MoKlnlcy tariff in 1893 were robbed of their jobs and went to fill up Coxey's and other armies long before Demo crats had an opportunity to change it? How many were out two or three years ago under the Dlngley tariff and the Rougb Rider? How many wore out in tho cotton and woolen mills of New England In the last twelve months, and are out today, while the trust is making 100 per cent profit on its tariff-protect ed goods? How many thousands are out in Chicago and on the verge of starvation at this moment, and with 7000 babies thrown in for good meas ure? Commit nearer home, how many are out on strikes and out of work in Los Angeles? Listen to what Senator Mor rill, the father of protection, had to say concerning the tariff of 1857, the lowest tariff we evor had. Speaking of its effects during 1860, the last year of its operation, he said that "1860 was a year of as large production and as much general prosperity as any per haps in our history." Vcrbum sat sapi unti. If your correspondent will take the average wage paid in 1895-6, as re ported by Bradstreet, up to a little before the bankers of Wall street brouKht on their political and financial panic, and then take the averase vvufu now, he will find that, taking into OOH> ■(deration the difference in the lessened purchasing power of the dollar, the wage earner of today is from 20 to BO per centf worse off now under the Payne tariff than he was under the Wilson. In ISBO I constructed a house in this j city and had to pay carpenters $5 a day. Now I can get better ones for $3.60. For Mexicans 1 gave $2 a day. Now I can get them from $1.50 down to $1. Then, when their day's work was over, they could buy with tlielr wages two or three times more meat than they can today and from one to five hundred times more land. Rent was about aa cheap, If. not cheap er, and no car fare to Day. Now, as the condition of the laborer In the long run Is gradually growing worse under any kind of protection, I would like to ask Mr. Arnold what he proposes. If anything', to Improve the laborer's con dition. FONDER. Los Angeles, Cal. WHAT SOCIALISM WILL DO Editor Herald: Whon the happy time of the co-operative common wealth arrives we shall hear no more of "the working class" (aa If one class la created to work and another to be idle), as we will all be workers, but not exploited workers. We will all work, but will benefit from our work, and not toll harder and longer hours than the human system can endure, leaving no time for recreation or cul ture, and receiving barely enough to keep the human machine going, while the product of our labor goes Into the pockets of the plutocrat. Another blessing—we will have no more of the society bud who "makes her bow to society," never does a useful thing in her life and firmly be lieves that she was created to enjoy herself and be ornamental. We will have no more of the other extreme— girls sweated to death in factories for $3 or $4 a week and burned up in flre traps like that in New Jersey the other day. Work and play will bo equally divided—none created solely to work and none created solely to play, as w enow have it. I hope under Socialism there will be gainful occupations for women which will take them out in the open air. There Is nothing at the present time but confining work for women. HELEN STANDISH. Los Angeles, Cal. DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS Editor Herald: From time to time there comes up the question—chiefly in Berlin—about the divine "right" of kings to rule and exercise authority, j It is of more importance than it ap-j pears at first to know if they have such "right." It is plain if we accept the standard ot authority that the "Prince of this world" is the "Evil One." "He is a king over all the children of pride" and has a powerful influence in the social and commercial life of this world as well as in the spiritual. This fact, is too apparent to be denied, al though It is written that "By me kings reign and princes decree Justice. By me princes rule, and nobles, even all tho. Judges of the earth." "The powers that be are ordered of God," vet it ia by permission, not by "right." They exercise authority by sufferance until He comes whoso "right" it is to reign. It will bo a day to be had in re membrance when the decree goes forth concerning this event which will awaken the nations from their leth argy. In this connection it Is well to ponder the necoiul Psalm, especially the sixth verse, to the end, for It will be iln complete fulfillment of^it, as well as Luke 1:32. J. K. 4112 Moneta avenue. DECEMBER 4, 1910. CAMILIO RUDIO, FAMOUS DYNAMITER (Edward Ciihlll, In Bun Francisco rail) In Lob Angeles some throe weeks ago and within one month of the explosion that wrecked the Times building, died the most famous dynamiter of the nineteenth century. He died full of years and honors and the newspapers gave him columns of complimentary obituary. He ha' earned all that be cause he was a gallant soldier and had fought bravoly under many»flags, Including that of the United State*. The newspapers ignorod the fact or gave It the most casual notice that he had caused the death of «ome ten inno cent persons and the wounding of many more In an arbortiva attempt at assassination by means of dynamite. This wns Count Camillo de Rudio, who In ISSB attempted to assassinate Napoleon 111 and the Empress Eugenic while thry were on their way to the opera in Pan*. Felice Orslnl, an Italian conspirator, ! was executed for this crime and De Rudio was MOtenoed to tho same fate, but exalted Influence was brought to bear in his case and he was pardoned. There is a striingo and mysterious story connected with the conspiracy to | assassinate the emperor, which will ! probably bo elucidated when De Ru 'dlo's memoirs are printed. Some two , years ago, after a lapse of half a cen i tury, he gave a hint on which is based jthe belief that one of the three bomb throwers was Francesco Crlspl, after ward premier of Italy. "Half an hour before the attempt and | Just as Orslnl and I were turning the j corner Into the Rue Lepelletier," said De Rudio, "a man with a long mus ! tache came close to us and said In a low voice to Orslni: 'How goes the business? Is all well?' " 'All's well,' Orslni replied, in the | same low whisper. The man with the I long mustache grasped his hanf! and ' passed on. " 'That's Francesco Orispi," I remark ed to Orslni. He replied, with a slight ! ttntjr! of irritation: 'I didn't suppose you knew him.' " be Rudio said further that, although It haa been shown who hurled two of the bombs, it had never been estab lished 'who threw the third. He left the inference that it was Crlspt. After describing the confusion fol lowing the first and second explosions, he concluded: "Pieri, arrested before the attempt, WRB during those terrible momenta safe—in prison. Who, therefore, hurled the third bomb? I leave this question to the researches of timid historians." Bomb throwing on a crowded street, with Intent to murder an obnoxious potentate and with complete indiffer ence as to the lives of Innocent per sons, is not an amiable crime, and yet assassination for political cause is not put in the same class with other mur ders. For.example, in the case under mention Queen Victoria was Induced by the Influence of the London Times to Intercede with the Empress Eugenio to secure a pardon for Do Rudlo. A HEARTY LAUGH Being th* day'» beat Joke tram tils newi exchanges. Dr. J. W. Hering, controller of the state of Maryland, in lecturing on some intricacies of the banking: business, told of a young bicyclist who rode up to a small country store, looking for something to eat. Spying some fish, fee inquired the price. "Flften ' cents a half dozen," replied the elderly woman in charge. He agreed to take half a dozen. Be fore he had paid for them, however, he caught sight of a bottle of cream on the shelf. "How much la your creamT" ho asked. On being told that it was fifteen cents a bottle he changed his mind about taking the fish. "If it doesn't make any difference to you," ho said, "I'll take the cream in stead of the fish." As he started to leave the store with out paying the woman, she asked him if he hadn't forgotten something. He thought not. "Why," she said, "you didn't pay me for the cream." , "Oh," ho replied, "I gave you the fish for the cream." "But you didn't pay for the fish," she told him. "Of course not," he answered. "You see, I didn't take the fish." "But," she explained, somewhat be wildered herself, "you certainly owe me for the cream." Then he went carefully over the mat j tor with her. "How can I owe you for | the cream, when I gave you its equiv alent In the fish? And how can I owe you for the fish when I didn't take them? Isn't is perfectly clear to you that I don't owe you anything?" But the woman wasn't sure. "Any way," she said to him as he left the store, "there's something funny about it, an" I don't want you to come here for anything ever again." It isn't likely, that he did.— Housekeeper. 4 • * Far and Wide CIVIC PRIDE Not long ago we remarked that Main street was the principal thoroughfare in South Carolina, but the plain truth ia that It is the main Main street of the world.—Columbia State. COPPERED Champ' Clark says that the Demo crats now have a golden opportunity for coiiHtructive statesmanship. No doubt; and this In spite of their silver record.—Providence Journal.