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Los Angeles Herald THOMAS B. GIBBOJf, President and Editor Batared M »econd cla»» matter at the po«toffice In Lo» Au»olc». OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN I-OS ANOBI.KS. Fended October 2. 1818. Tblrty-elf Xe«r. ■ ■ Chamber of Commerce nnlldlng. Phonei— Main »000; liomt 10111. <TU« onlr Democratlo paper In Southern California n«Mn| full A»«oolated Preia raporU. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAT MAOAZINH Dally, by mall or carrier, a month , »X Dally, by mall or carrier, three month* »••• Dally, by mall or carrier, «lx month* >•■' Dally, by mall or carrier, one year ••"» Sunday Herald, one year .••■•• _..••_• •••!.•• •.••.*" Postage freo United State* and foexlco; elfewhere postage aaaea. ~~A file of The L«i Anrele* Herald oaa be «e»n at the office «t our Enirll»h ropre»entatlve». Me«ra B. and J. Hardy & Co., su. II and 32 Fl»et Mreet. London. Enrland. free of «har»«, and tnat firm will be glad to receive new*, *üb*erlpUos* and advertisement* on cror behalf. ______———— Population of Los Angeles. * 319,198 WILLARD'S BRILLIANT FLIGHT THAT the aeroplane is passing—has indeed al ready passed—from the classification of sporting apparatus could not be doubted' by anyone who witnessed the brilliantly successful flight of Charles F. Willard over the city of Los Angeles yesterday. With all the ease and grace of a science fifty years old (instead of less than that many months in reality) this exponent made his journey from the western boundary of Los An geles, over the jagged roof lines, smoking chim neys and throbbing life, on to Pasadena and back over the same course. Recall that so late as the fall of 1908 Orville \V right, at Fort Meyer, made the world gasp by staying,in the air fifty-seven minutes and later on the same day extended the time to one hour and two minutes. In France, simultaneously, Wilbur Wright made the time an hour and a half. It was demonstrated by them that the aeroplane would fly, but there is a vast advance in a flight 3000 feet high like Willard's, over two cities, with no "soft spots" beneath, to the parade ground flights of the Wright brothers. Paulhan's flight from London to Manchester, Curtiss' flight from Albany to New York, Ham ilton's New York-to-Philadelphia trip and Chavez' crossing of the Alps are no longer matters of mys tery to those who saw yesterday's exhibition here. The "practical" aeroplane has "arrived." Its pos sibilities are boundless. It may in a large sense revolutionize the world. At the height Willard flew yesterday what known thing could have estopped him from destroying with high explosives a naval fleet worth millions of times the cost of his machine, or scattering destruction and demor alization through the strongest intrenched army? If it is possible for a score of aeroplanes to sweep into the sky at a height of 3000 feet and do harm so vast the imagination can hardly picture it, war will become too terrible to be countenanced by any civilized people. And this suggests only one of many utilitarian offices the flying machine may perform. John B. Moissant, the American who flew from Paris to London, has made the prediction that within ten years somebody will cross the Atlantic in an aeroplane. Ten years is such a long time compared with the brief history of flying that Mr. Moissant's prediction will astonish few people. So accustomed have we become to new wonders that there is likely to be impatience if someone does not fulfill it in five years. Los Angeles has now given to the world two very noteworthy exhibitions in the new science. Paulhan's height record a year ago, at the first American meet, was epochal, and deserving to rank with several of the great flights of the past year was Willard's feat of yesterday. THE CASE OF FRED WARREN A FEW months since, in a speech made in Ohio, President Taft declared that Social ism would be the next great problem in this country. He spoke of it as a thing to be dreaded and if possible avoided, and implied that if he could do anything to avert it he would do so. If that inference is correct some of the presi dent's friends might take him aside and tell him that if he wants the making of Socialists stopped he should check the misguided zeal of federal offi cers who have succeeded in putting Fred D. War ren, editor of the Appeal to Reason, into prison. Warren's offense consisted in printing on his en velopes the offer of a reward for the return of ex- Governor Taylor to Kentucky for trial. It will be remembered that after the murder of Governor Goebel of that state Taylor fled to Indiana and remained there in fear of political per secution if he should return. Now, Editor Warren had nothing against Taylor. His object in printing the offer of reward, it is explained, was to show that some Socialists had been seized and carried over state lines for trial, while Taylor, with polit ical influence, was secure under the same con ditions. Warren's charge had the sting of truth in it. We feel inclined to criticise him for a too great vehemence at times in carrying on his propaganda, but in this case it does look absurd to imprison him for "libeling" Taylor, who was not harmed so much as the weight of a toothpick bj Warren's envelopes or newspaper. Tlic charge has been made, and with some show of reason, that the post office department has for years harassed Warren's paper, just as it harassed for years the Woman's National Magazine, evidently under pressure from some source that had a pull. The result has been to make Warren a martyr and give a double potency to his charges against those in power and the political conditions that can almost at will shut off free speech. Here in Los Angeles a iund is being raised toward the sup port of his paper while he is in prison. Probably i< is being done in many cities. Upton Sinclair, the novelist, and other persons of prominence have appealed to the president to pardon Warren, but so strange and so strong is Mr. Taft's tendency to listen to bad advice that it is more than likely that the politicians who speak for the interests will prevent him from doing the right and tactful thing now. Warren believes, and thousands of his read ers believe, that he is battling for the cause of hu man rights. When the worst that enn be said against such a man is that he may have been rash in utterance and yet is cast into prison for it, not much of a check can be put on the spread of the idea gaining ground that Socialism offers the only elective means of protest. Editorial Page gf 15he Herald "EDITED BY THE PEOPLE" NOTHING has been more worthy of note in Los Angeles newspaperdom the past few months than the growth in size and popu larity of the Public Letter Box which is now a reg ular feature of The Herald, thanks to the live-wire kind of people who make up The Herald's clientele. Speaking from a pretty wide knowledge of the field of journalism we are able to say. that few papers in the entire country now have so extens ive and interesting a department of the kind. It is another proof of the rare public spirit that exists among all classes in Los Angeles, as it is also a healthy sign of a widespread purpose of the people to have a say about what is going on that is of im portance to them. Today the number of letters is so large that it is found necessary to find room for them on an other page. This overflow from the week-day issues may become a regular Sunday feature here after, if the growing interest in the department during the past few weeks is any criterion. This is the department that is "edited by the people." Readers of The Herald are invited to write, keeping in mind that the acceptance of their letters depends upon their moderation in two re spects—in the length at which they write and the temper in which they express themselves. NO SKYSCRAPERS NEEDED HERE THE HERALD is very much opposed to the proposition which will be put up to the coun- i cil next Tuesday of again raising the height limit of buildings in the city. In the first place, there is no occasion for any such municipal legis lation. Los Angeles is so blessed with unlimited surrounding territory as to make it unnecessary to find room by extending building unnaturally, either above or below the surface. The hope of the citizens of Los Angeles is that we shall have, at some time in the future, a city so beautiful architecturally that it will be in keeping with the most beautiful climate in the world by which it is surrounded. This we cannot have if its streets are turned into canyons by being lined with 20 and 25-story buildings. Furthermore, the building of these great structures produces that sort of traffic congestion which every city should avoid. The trouble with New York city today is that it is un able to secure transportation facilities to accom modate the huge crowds that hive in the great buildings in down-town New York. A single one of those structures between 5 and 6 o'clock in the afternoon will belch out 5000 or 6000 inmates to be accommodated- by the street cars. Many of them adding to the crowds in this way it becomes impossible to furnish transportation facilities suffi cient to handle the crowds, notwithstanding the hundreds of millions of dollars which have been and are being spent in New York for that purpose. There is some excuse for this sort of thing in New York because of the fact that being surround ed by water the building accommodations of the city can only be extended up or down. This ex cuse does not exist in Los Angeles, and there is no occasion for us to have here a city of skyscrapers which will violate architectural beauty, will make the city less healthy to live in and will produce the sort of traffic congestion which New Ycrk is now struggling with and will probably continue to struggle with during its whole existence. Furthermore, to at this late day take off the height restrictions of buildings would be to inflict a very great injustice upon those who have al ready invested their money in costly office build ings'in the city that comply with the present building restrictions. There are in the city at the present time a num ber of fine office buildings reaching the limit al lowed by law. Had the owners of these buildings known that others would be permitted to exceed the limit which they reached they would no doubt have wanted the same privilege, and justly they would have been entitled to it. Los Angeles does not want, and must not have, sky-scraping monstrosities on its streets. A special edition of the Havana Daily Post which has come to The Herald is worthy of men tion. The Post is the only daily paper published in Cuba in the English language, but what Yankee journalism lacks there in numbers it makes up in vigor, for the Post bears every indication of enter prise and prosperity. A special section of the paper, printed in fotir colors, gives realism to the views of scenes in and around the Cuban capital, for the verdant foliage of the "Pearl of the An tilles," like Southern California, needs colors to give any adequate idea of the country's beauty. The Daily Post's creditable number ought to be a good thing for Havana. liven China is beginning to make light of the divine right of kings. It is said a constitutional cabinet will be formed immediately after the Chi nese New Year. At this rate it will not be long be fore the kaiser will stand alone as the anointed of heaven. An insane asylum inmate has won a prize for poetry offered by a leading magazine. The stand ard of magazine poetry might be raised by a fur ther search in the same direction. We might get some we can understand. A New York commission estimates that 4, --500,000 are unemployed in the country. That is equivalent to every man, woman and child in fif teen big cities the size of Los Angeles. Think it over. The .Mexican Herald says that Ludloff, the Mexican honey king, has imported 8768 Siberian bees "that sing and whistle at work." The Herald is promoting a nature fake. Them's mosquitoes. Who says that American justice is not becom ing more speedy? The elephant "Queen," in Cen tral park, New York, killed her keeper, was tried within a week and promptly executed. A Missouri editor has married a Miss Hartsock. Another man married a Miss Darnsock and took her off the stage, but she changed her name to Illington and "came back." It is reported that the senate committee wishes to avoid condemning "William Lorimer. It might compromise by ruling that he is no worse than some of his colleagues. De Swirsky's Dancing Is an Offspring of Musical Triumph PRETTY CDUITESS TELLS HOW ART CLAIMED HER Girl Won Prize as Pianist, and Composer Suggested Terp sichorean Career "Russian women are ambitious, and when they are talented their friends encourage them in the development of the art or science toward which their interest turns," said Thamara tie Bwirsky the young Russian dancer and musician, who is still a guest in Los Angeles. "In my country women are very ad vanced. They desire to do something creative, and from my earliest child hood I was surrounded with men and women who rejoiced in every OUOO6U utttained by the other. In such an atmosphere I grew to believe that I, too, might win some place in the world of art, and since I had early shown a talent for music I began to give seri ous attention to this study." The countess paused here to adjust her automobile veil which the after noon breeze had disarranged, and smiled appreciation of the balmy air, scented with the poil'ume of Holly wood's loveliest flowers, yet fresh with the salty tang of the ocean. "It was not until after several years' study in Paris nnd later in Munich that I received the first prize for piano playing-, awarded-by Felix Mottl at the conservatory. The night I played for that prize I gave a Beethoven sonata, some Chopin and Liszt numbers and Greig"s 'Peer Gynt suite,' and Grelg himself was is the audience and asked to see me. He spok first of the sense of rhythm he observed In my playing and then asked 'Have you ever danced?" I was sur prised, for the Idea had not occurred to me before. I had been content with the tonal interpretation I could give but the great Nor*, egian composer spoke of folk dancing of his country, of the emotional scenes which had in spired him for the writing of this great suite, and when he had finished I felt that my metier had not yet been found and that I must try to dance. "For two years I danced three hours each day with the corps dv ballet of the Opera Comique. Not before the public, you understand, only Just In rehearsals that I might learn every step ancl ever- exercise which Is taught in that sohool." Here the speaker paused and turned to her vis-a-vls, a professional musi cian, saying 1: "You know there la a technlo of dancing just as there is of piano or violin playing 1. One must learn the rudiments before one becomes an artist. As you learn the scales and the finger exercises before playing your instrument, just bo one must learn to poise and bend before one dances." The young musician left Munich and the pianistic success which she had won and went to Paris, and there with the ballet drill In the morning nnd lessons from a private teacher In the afternoon she worked at the new art she had adopted. Her piano was not neglected, nor will It be. Dancing and music are allied so closely in her In terest that she will not give up one for the other. "Mottl thought me slightly—not right—here," and she pointed to her forehead significantly as she con tinued, "that I should leave my piano playing for dancing, but last summer I wrote him and sent him an account of the money I had made With the dancing and playing together, and it was much greater than I could have earned by playing alone. "Each dance makes different require ments." she said, "and I find that I can meet these best when returning from some inspirational musical even ing, from seeing great pictures or wit nessing some marvelous soul-stirring play. Anything which Intensifies the emotions and sharpens the sensibilities awakens in me the desire to construct a new dance. Frequently I work until daylight before my mirror In this cre ative mood, elaborating the pantomime which is to tell the story and trying the effect of different steps and poses." The family to which this young wo man belongs is of much talent. An older brother is a prominent pianist in Europe and a sistil-, Julie do Swirsky, culptor, has teturnea recently to St. Petersburg, where she has a large atelier and is making some splendid pit rvs, while the mcther of this group of talented persons holds a degiv' of doctor of medicine from the Academy nl .Medicine of St. Petersburg. Countess De Thamara finds it diffi cult to 3xpress her delight in Cali fornia. "Here it is like Italia. I find it hard to remember I am in America. The color o£ the mountains, the soft air and sunshine all seem like the south Of BUrope, It brings out all the warmth In the people, too, and they are more cordial. Here it i.s warn) and the mountains have the color of Italia. Always other mountains are hard and cold-looking, but yours here in California they have the warm blue that makes me know I am again in the south." When asked concerningl the climatic influence upon her audiences and spec tators the automobile veil was raited and the big brown eyos looked out from under the bronze gold hair as she said: "But of course where it is warm and poft in the air the people are kind and tender and artistic. They are appre ciative and understand, and I like best 10 work in such countries." Prom Los Angeles it is probable that Countess l>o Swirsky and her mother will go to Honolulu, thence to Aus tralia and on around the world; to London, where the pretty dancer and musician has already appeared and where she has hosts of friends to crivo her welcome. OOtTNTBSa THAMAKA DB SWIIMKY Beef Prices in California It seems as If the rejoicing over tho fall in the price of beef might be pre mature, at least in California, There may be, and probably is, cheaper beef in the middle west, but California is passing through a transition stage that for the present seems more likely to raise than to lower the price of meat. The elimination of the big stock ranges has reached a stage where the home production of beef on the old plan has become commercially un profitable. That Is to say, the owners of the best ranges find they can do much better by dividing them into tracts for fruit-growing or other agri cultural purposes. By consequence we nnd that the McHenry Meat com pany, the most extensive slaughterers In the San Joaquin valley, has an nounced an advance of KM cents a pound In the price of meat simulta- Millions in Missouri Poultry (Louisville Courler-Journel) Missouri did not make much of a showing In the census returns, but she is prepared to maintain steadfastly that she is still "Poultry Queen of the Union." In the "Red Book" of the Missouri bureau of labor statistics, soon to be Issued, it will be claimed that the 114 counties of the state in 1909 sold $45,902,655 worth of poultry, eggs and feathers. The commissioner of labor challenges any other state in the union to show as good a record. A peculiar thing about the poultry business in Missouri is that it has as sumed great proportions only since the world's fair was held in St. -Louis. The big fair, of course, created an enor mous demand for poultry and poultry products, and the good prices realized brought the farmers to an awakening sense of the profits to be made in rais ing chickens, turkeys, geese and ducks for the city markets. The notable gains in production began after the fair had closed and In nine years the value of surplus poultry, eggs and feathers was more than tripled. Missouri now is shipping millions of pounds of poultry to Chicago and the, eastern cities in refrigerator cars. Ac cording to the figures compiled for the "Hed Book" there were 116,079,505 pounds of fowls sent to market "on the hoof," or in coops. _^At the low A HEARTY LAUGH Being the day's best Joke from tb» newi exchanges. Little Mollie, the daughter of a popu lar physician, has a most vigorous imagination. Inded, it is such a very vigorous imagination that it runs away with Mollies honesty, to her parents' great dismay. The other day her mother overheard her telling a story to Bobby Davis, a neighbor. It was a very interesting story. It related, with every appearance of truth, the adventures of Mollie on an airship. Now, Molie's mother knew very well that the child had never seen an airship in her life. So she called her away from Bob-by Davis and be gan to talk to her. "Mollie, don't you know that you make mother very unhappy by telling such awful stories?" she asked. Mol lie hung her head and said nothing. "Don't you know what happened to Ananias and Sapphira?" the mother continued, and Mollie looked up brightly. "Oh! yes," she eaid. "I know all about them. They were struck dead tor lying. I saw them being carried into the corner drug store."—Chicago journal. The Letter Box department will be found today on page 4 of this section. (San FYanclsco Chronicle) neously with the cut made In Chi cago. The conditions that affect the interior valley market are likely to prevail in other parts of California. It is not likely that meat will ever again touch the leve! of former prices in California. The pastoral age has passed never to return. We are pro ducing more profitable commodities, and every day we are working In the direction of intensive agriculture. This is a tendency that must increase constantly under the application of irrigation methods, on which the fu ture of this region may be said to depend. Something, of course, will be done in the way of cattle feeding on alfalfa, but although the product will be much higher in quality than range beef it will be expensive in like pro portion. The most effective cure for the high cost of living is to produce commod ities that bring the highest prices. We believe California Is able to meet the conditions of that contract. wholesale price of 10 cents a pound," the statistician says, "from this vast amount of farm wealth there was re alized $11,607,951." Nearly all this poul try was consumed at home and nearly 100,000,000 pounds were shipped away to be eaten in other states, where the poultry supply is unequal to the de mand. Missouri ranks pretty high in mineral products. Lead, zinc, iron and coal are mined In the state, but the value of the output of all the mines is not equal to that of the state's poultry and poultry products. Some idea of the extent and the pos sibilltiea of the poultry business in the Untied States may be gained from these figures, showing the vast revenue which cornea therefrom to the people of a single state. A chicken farm con ducted by a man who knows his busi ness is about as profitable a branch of agriculture as can be engaged in by the enterprising farmer. A POEM WORTH WHILE These quatrains by Robert Cameron Rogers, author of "The Rosary" and other well known poems, have the touch and the fire of true poetry in a measure more generous than ono finds in much contemporaneous verse. They were written for and delivered at the Elks' memorial services at Santa Barbara, this year, but their interest, like their art. Is universal: The faltering footsteps of the aged year Are at the threshold of Time's outer door. Again we meet in convocation here To speak of those whose voices speak no more. Wherever in their mystic symmetry The mighty antlers of protection roach, We come once more together reverently, To speak of those beyond all mortal speech. To speak of those who, passed—their labor done; To speak of those who left it. Incomplete; Of those who wore the laurels —fairly won— Of thoso whose shields dropped riven by defeat. For some are gone who rose to high estate, Who leave the inspiration honor brings; And some are gone whose lives were humbly great. In the just stewardship of little things. And some are gone who waged the losing fight, "Yet ever with the will to smile" —whose lot Lay all too near the verge of starless night; But therq is none whose names shall be forgot. The world may censure, or the world acclaim; May give its verdict, whether ill or good; . Will grant them guerdon, or ascribe them blame; We only praise—for this is brotherhood. Not ours to Judge: Enough for us to save What rings true metal, from corroding rust; We only praise; into the open grave Should fall the dross of error—dust to dust. Hail and farewell! In small or great degree You played your parts, O comrades gone before. Your ships, hull down, have found the boundlesn sea; Ours still He moored beside a troubled shore. Yet, not farewell! From out this fellowship The arms of memory reach beyond the tomb, And Fate, the weaver, with half-quivering lip, Wreathes amaranth and ivy round her loom. Ivy and amaranth together twined— Emblems of memories that eternal last! Ivy and amaranth today we bind About the gate that opens on the past. DECEMBER 11, 1010. California Spirit (Omaha Bee) California^ are putting their native spirit to good effect in their effort to obtain tho official Panama exposition. Apparently every mun. woman and child in the Btata Is engaged In the movement. Private correspondence contains a word of boost for it; busi ness houses have letter heads, I»st cards or advertlairg matter bearing upon it and the big fruit and raisin packing industries send out similar matter to every corner of the country. Here Is a great stato united for one object. That alone, to say nothing of the argument oftored, has its effect. All petty Jealousies and rivalries are forgotten while this fight Is on. Los Angeles has entirely lost sight of its determination to wrest from San Fran cisco tho honor of being the state me tropolis while San Francisco Is strug gling with New Orloans for this groat prize. Here is a wholesome example for other states to follow. In older states, where country communities are ar- j rayed against the large city or cities, I the example might be taken home. In states where It is anything to down the metropolis the California spirit should be emulated. Does anyone imagine that the benefits accruing from this I exposition, If It goes to the Golden | Guto, can possibly be confined to San 1 Francisco? Does anyone presume that I they will not overflow into every por- I tion of the state? And Just so the 1 benefits or advantages that come to the metropolis of any state like those of the middle west or'far west—they aro bound to bo felt in some proportion all | over the state. What helps the city cannot but help the town or country, and vice versa. It is sheerest folly, the most shortsighted policy, for people to imagine otherwise. It is not worth while to stop and try to weigh the relative good that comes to the city from the country. Intelligent people know that their prosperity Is mutual. that the way to build up one is to build up the other. Far and Wide A MATTER OF CULTIVATION Sarah Bernhardt, aged 67, is one of the reasons why there is a beauty par lor in every city square.—Nashville Tennesseean. INHUMAN REQUIREMENT Burb&nk has grown a seedless prune, and now it is up to him to produce a pruneless boarding house.—Danville (111.) Commercial News. ONE COURSE OPEN "A little widow is a dangerous thing," though you can imitate the St. Louis man and sue for breach of prom ise.—Boston (Mass.) Transcript. PEDAGOGICALLY SPEAKING. Uncle Sam announces that hickory is disappearing. But, then, the principal use for hickory has vanished since th« kindergarten came Into vogue.—Daven port Democrat. DEGREES OF DANGER Riding in an aeroplane seems to be somewhat more dangerous than hand ling a gun that isn't loaded, but safer than playing football under the new rules.—Springfield (Mo.) Republican. TAKING MUCH FOR GRANTED A St. Louis woman advertised that she has 600 pounds of bacon and wants to marry. There are plenty of St. Louis suckers who will bite at bait like that.—Houston (Tex.) Post. TELLING TIME FOR REPEATERS In some parts of Indiana "Ten o'clock club" have bees formed. The purpose is to vote early. Members pledge themselves to cast their ballots before 10 o'clock.—South Bend Tribune. IN MEMORIAM By Roberts Cameron Roger!