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Los Angeles Herald THOMAS F. GIBBON, President and Editor . , ; I Entered mm second clan matter at the poetofflce In los An»el«a. OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN LOS ANGKIJES. ■ _ Fended October I. 187 S. Tblrtj-Witli ¥••». Chamber of Commerce Building. Phone.—Sunaet Main 8400; Home 10211. Tb» only Democratic paper In Southern California receiving full AMQclatod Frew reporta. j RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MA&ABINB Dally, by mall or carrier, a month ♦ .'ln Daily, by mall or carrier, three month* <• J-'jJ Dally,, by mall or carrier, ilx month* ••• •■"■> Dally, by mall or carrier, one year • •••• Sunday Herald, on* year •_■••••- '•'* PoatuKe free United State» and itex\co; elsewhere pottage added. : ~~A file of The Lo» Anselea Herald can be a«en at the office « our Emillah r«pre»entatlve«. Me.ars. E. and J. Hardy * Co.. so, II and as Fleet street, London, Rutland, free of charge, and tnat firm will be »lad to receive new*, »üb»orlpUon« and advertisements on our behalf. __ Population of Los Angeles 319.198 LATEST IN APARTMENTS NEW YORK'S latest apartment house is to be an immense affair with hospital, kinder garten, bowling alleys, gymnasium and tennis courts, and it is said it "may even have a chapel." Almost all the activities of urban life will be represented under its roof. The prices for apartments will also be record-breaking. By letting the imagination have full play it is possible to conceive of some use to which a chapel could be put in a New York apartment house. It could be used to store trunks or, if there is other ample room for such purpose, it could be used for small bridge parties or could be fitted up as a Moorish smoking room for the ladies. But what possible use could there be for the kindergarten ? ARE WE BEING RUSSIANIZED? THE reminder in the recent campaign that the district attorney in addition to increasing the number of lawyer assistants from eleven to twenty-four has raised the number of his sleuths from seven to twelve calls attention to what many believe to be an evil in this country the growing army of detectives. America is becoming Rus sianized, say some of the commentators. Here in Los Angeles county the number of public and pri ! vate detectives probably runs into scores. The tendency is not 'only local but national. Last winter Congressman Adair of [Indiana made an investigation of the cost of such service to the government and this is what he found: PostofEiee detectives $U3«™ Internal revenue detectives ;„'!!„„ Customs frauds detective* 200,000 Counterfeiter detectives lll'kln Bureau of corporation detectives 1(5,000 ■ Interstate commerce detectives 450,000 Public land detectives 600.000 Anti-trust law detectives 250,000 Pension bureau detectives 359,000 Meat inspection detectives 3,000,000 Pure food detectives 826,000 Total appropriation for detectives ....$7,126,000 Probably half of the great army of detectives — and most of them are unworthy to be dignified by such a titlehas been created for political reasons and could be spared as pure extravagance. Mc- Kinley was surrounded by an army of them, yet the assassin had no trouble in reaching him and the bodyguard proved about as useful as so many ten-pins. In the Los Angeles county district attorney s office doubtless half the so-called detectives could be spared (as was brother "David Patterson"), and the proportion of needless ones probably would be as great in the federal service. Students of social and economic problems will find in the seven million dollar government ex penditure (and perhaps as much more in the states and cities) food for thought. The fact that a vast army of spies is needed in "free" and "prosperous" America to prevent and punish rampant dishon esty and other forms of crime is certainly not a favorable commentary on American conditions. A SIGNIFICANT LABOR MOVE A LABOR UNION move in New York city contains the text for a short sermon. The bricklayers have reorganized their union with especial reference to guarding against need less strikes in the future. A significant feature of (lie new plan is that walking delegates shall no longer be privileged to order strikes. Like every other human organization, the labor union lias its' good and its bad side. The good is so obvious that it has received the indorsement of popular approval and of the leaders of social and economic thought everywhere. The part they have played in the elevation of the workingman is beyond dispute. The people of this country are coming to see that there has been too much delegated power and Kni little democracy in our government. In all di rections there is a movement to check that power and restore ii to all the people. This is precisely what is the matter with many labor unions, and the action of the New York bricklayers seems to show thai the light has dawned upon them with convincing force. Many labor organizations arc ostensibly run by the members, but in reality the large majority Bta) away from the meeting- and let the minority frame their policy and delegate the power of the whole body. From this wrong system have sprung the chief evils inhering in the unions. It is only necessary to recall the enormous power put into the hands of the notorious .Sam Parks in New York a few years ago, ami Eugene Schmitz in San Francisco, to make the point plain. Parks sold out to employers, called strikes at the behest of one big contracting firm in order to cripple rivals in business, and was discovered in his knavery and sent to prisor only after he had done irreparable harm to the cause he professed but traitorou^y betrayed. Schmitz feathered his nest at the expense of poor men who trusted him blindly. In many other instances labor lias been betrayed by its professed friends. If the labor unions will take a leaf out of the book now being written by the people of this coun try, curtail their delegated power and re-establish themselves on the basis of democracy, urn-! of the distrust of and prejudice against them would melt away and their power as a needful, legitimate force in our political economy would be corresponding ly increased. A party of Cleveland clergymen propose to build with their own hands and tools a temporary tabernacle for a revival there. We deprecate this temptation of spiritual peril. What will they d>> if the hammers come down on their thumbs? Editortal Page §f 73he Henald DEFENSE OF THE PENSION ROLL PROMPT and vigorous answer is made by the National Tribune, the organ of the Grand Army of the Republic, to the charges of the World's Work that the federal pension roll is grossly padded. The Tribune recalls the campaign carried on by President Cleveland (who it bui«vei was honest but misled by advisers) and his pen sion commissioner, Lochren, which it says failed to prove the charges now repeated by the World's Work. The fact is mentioned that Mr. Cleveland spent about $2,000,000 in trying to show up frauds on a large scale, special detectives being sent into all parts of the country. The Tribune continues: "A special commission was formed to scrutinize the pension roll, and a panic was caused among the veterans by the demand that they reprove their claims. Many thou sands of pensions were suspended until this was done. The inquiry lasted during the whole of Cleveland's term, and was beyond all words the most severe and drastic over hauling that any department of the govern ment's expenditures ever received. The re sult was a vindication of the veterans and the system, and placed their integrity be yond "all question. Never did an investiga tion result more satisfactorily to those im plicated." In support of its contention that the number of deserters has been largely overestimated, the Tribune points out that the official records show only four deserters to every 100 enlistments, the number of the former being 120,000 and of the lat ter 2,850,000. On this score the Tribune says: "Many of these so-called deserters were men who had served through the entire war bravely and faithfully, and who when the war was over felt that they had done their duty and fulfilled their contract, and went home without waiting for their dis charges. There were some thousands proba bly who resented having their regiments sent out west to fight the Indians in violation of what they believed to be their contract, and went off home. Others were taken prison ers and wrongfully reported as deserters, but even assuming the whole number of l_"»,000 actual deserters, what a small pro portion they make, after all." Finally, the Tribune challenges the World's Work to'send a representative to any pension agency in the country on any pension day and make a careful examination of the men and wo men who receive pensions and the circumstances by which they became entitled to them. That paper believes any fair-minded man who will study the pensioners at any one of the agencies for a single day will go away convinced that not only is every pension splendidly earned but that few of those whom he shall meet and examine have re^ ceived anything like as much as would in ordinary justice be given them for what they have done for the country. All of which makes a very good defense for the pensioners as a body. But it is not necessary to defend them. Everybody knows that the great mass are noble, brave men who deserve all they get and more. What we cannot understand is why they 'and their spokesmen of the press never have any word of denunciation for the leeches that crooked pension attorneys and politicians have put on the roll (admitting "their comparatively small number to the original enlistments), and for those to whom President Taft referred in his last mes sage as ''persons who may, from a mere mercenary motive, seek to obtain some legal relation with an old veteran now tottering on the brink of the grave." Why do not honest pensioners ever let their voices be heard against such as these? The Jacksonville Times-Union reports that Daytona regards New Orleans as the logical point for'the exposition. We regret not to have learned this important fact sooner. Of course, if Daytona feels that way about it, there is nothing further to be said for San Francisco. The contest in reticence now going on between Uncle Joe Cannon, King Manuel, Henry Cabot Lodge.'Porfirio Diaz, Teddy Roosevelt and Robbie Chanler has all the thrill and uncertainty of a Marathon race. "Bad Jake" Noble of Kentucky has just killed his sixth man. Whether there is anything in a name depends on whether you are looking at the front or rear end of Jake's cognomen. Jacksonville has been pretending to be the win ter" resort par excellence, and after reading the weather bulletins we deem its claim well founded, with special emphasis on "winter." They have discovered another poet in the Min nesota penitentiary. Some papers speak of it with surprise. Hut'that is where all poets, with a few rare exceptions, ought to be. A St. Louis judge rules that a chicken is not a nuisance. He probably meant that nothing less than the word "luxury" would describe any poul try at the present market. Canadian statistics show that 150,000 Ameri cans have taken up their homes in that dominion in the last year. And many of them would like to take them down now. A New England paper says the Yankees are disappearing. This is a natural mistake caused by the phenomenon of the Yankees going over into the Democratic party. The British campaign has been fierce and fu rious, but it has not gone to the extreme that now threatens: Rudyard Kipling is to write a .poem on the situation. Madame Nordica speaks of Cavalieri as "that poor little girl." Not quite so poor, however, as before Bobby ('hauler fell to liking grand opera. The name of the new president of Finland is Svinhufvid. It must have been pretty tough on the campaign poets, but maybe not in Finnish. After the fuss is all over we hope some bright Englishman will try to show us what good a house of lords is or ever was, any.vvay. r- *- \w . 7 """"*" — *, PUBLIC LETTER BOX MRS. EDDY'S WEALTH Editor Herald: Senex arks in today's paper (December 8) how it is possible that Mrs. Eddy in relatively such a short time can accumulate J2.000.000? That same point interested me very much. Inquiring of one of her follow ers about that, the answer I received was "that she has been very lucky in real estate transactions." Not being a real estate agent I cannot judge, but find it very doubtful. The same question asked of another person, he said: "She has a royalty on her work of $1 a book. They say that she has 4,000,000 followers; if that Is true then you know how she gathered the money." A third inquiring about that said: Don't ask questions. But certainly she must have served two masters and loved or was loved by both. She at least did not pay any attention of the Lord's saying of not laying up treas ures on this earth. INQUIRER. Pasadena, Cal. MRS. EDDY'S CAREER Editor Herald: Among liberal minded people the opinion is prevalent that Mrs. Eddy has done good in the world. One of her 1 admonitions to her follow ers was: "Follow me only as far as I follow Christ." This sounds good and seems to be the outpouring of an apos tolic mind until we examine some of the most Important acts of her life. Wliile a very good and well bound copy of "Holy Writ" can be bought for 25 cents, Mrs. Eddy has mulcted her followers to the tune of $5 a copy for her "Science and Health," and it doesn't take a theologian to correctly gay which is the better book. While it is recorded that Christ poured out as freely as water his spiritual teachings to the multitudes Who heard him gladly, Mrs. Eddy seems to have fostered the principle of private monopoly, which has been declared by one of our great political economists to be "intolerable and in defensible," by resorting to the copy right that she might extort an undue price for her work. While Christ declared "The Son of Man hath not where to lay fcis head," Mrs. Eddy, if current reports are true, pilerl up a private fortune of $2,000,000. it has been said, authoritatively, too, thai •■The love of money is a root of I'vil" (revised version); If the Decalogue, the Beatitudes and th.- Epistles to the Romans had, for gain, boon copyrighted by their authors While the world was spiritually dying what would be tho opinion of mankind concerning It? G. G. BROCK. Ke<l!aii>ls, Cal. WIFE TELLS OF HARDSHIPS Editor HenUd: "jj oneta> .. j n today's Letter Box suys: "The gorged treas ures of the Wells-Fargo company paid 18 per cent dividends and then dis tributed among its stockholders twelve million dollars of accumulated surplus." My husband devotes ten and a half hours (some times niurei every day in the month excepting two Sundays off, for the large sum of $55 per month. Can you wonder that we are Socialists? What's more, we are not the only Socialists the. W.-F. Co. are grinding out. All such companies are grinding out Socialists day by day. Men dare not strike or raise their voice of rebellion when times are so hard, living so high, etc. But they can think Socialism and vote it; what's more they will! Give me the vote and I'll vote too! Can a man clothe, feed and house his family in respectability on $55 a month? Nay, it is one long struggle to pay the rent and the fuol and grocery bills, let alone buying cloth ing. Meat is nearly an impossibility. > .My (Jod! How long will such condi-] tions last My husband is nearly a stranger to his child, We leaves home at 6:30 a. m. and gets home at 7:30 p. ni. He eats supper and goes to bed tired out, with no time to devote to his wife or child. No fireside talks, no nothing but the struggle to keep up his strength In order to earn his $.">!> which has to feed, clothe and house his family. Am 1 am Socialist? Wll. T fruoss yen. A WIPE. L.os Alice lea. Nobody Loves Him SAYS TEDDY'S "DONE FOR" Editor Herald: One good thing the elections have done: Roosevelt, tho rooster (the "American chanticleer" European Journals have dubbed him) has ceased to crow, nt least for awhile —and yet the sun does not go down on American politics. Old Sol still shines, though "Teddy's" day be done. The would-be "'man on horseback" has had his teeth pulled and the political dentist can make him stop his wordy browbeating of the American public. His tongue is sheathed in his cheek and the newspaper gods of modern Parnassus laugh in derision. Mark Hanna, the brains of th« Re publican party, is dead; Roosevelt, its indiscreet tongue, is silent. Now, where, oh where, is there in this capi talistic and aristocratic organization a leader able to "cross tongues" with such Socialist bravos as Edward Can trell, Stitt Wilson and that peer of revolutionary agitators, Eugene V. Debs? "God knows!" And he hasn't told either the Socialists or the Re publicans. LITERARY. Los Angeles, Cal. MRS. EDDY DEFENDED Kdltcr Herald: In your issue of De cember 8 you publish an article signed Senex. If it had been Cynic I think it applicable. I am not a Christian Scientist, but I am a lover of justice, and would give tribute where tribute is due. In regard to Mrs. Eddy being only a memory, that is entirely a mistake, for she stands forever with that great teacher of Nazareth, who gave his life for suffering humanity. She has stood the scourge of scoffing humanity and healed their suffering. She lives and will live, and this coming generation of the next century will prove it. She never claimed to give the world something new, but she did rediscover end place this wonderful knowledge on v. scientific basis. ' What does the paltry $2,000,000 count when suffering mortals would gladly give their all for release from sin, sick ness and death? Will Senex please In form us when another teacher since the advent of Christ has performed the work he left for his disciples to do as has this great and noble woman? I wish I wore a Christian Scientist, and if I am anything I will be, because I love justice. 13. L. L. Highland, Cal. P.A.Y.E CAR TROUBLES Editor Herald: It would appear from a news item that 'our cousins across the Canadian border do'not take kind ly to the P-A-Y-E cars, which shows that they are neither so easily satis fied or as lonrf suffering as we western ers. It is difficult to conceive how the cars can be run on schedule time, es pecially during thje holidays. To il lustrate: A southbound Moneta P-a-y-e car approaching Fifth and Main; about sixteen patrons rush to get on board. No. 1, a sprightly dame, who in the struggle to board has got separated from her hubby who is still standing on the street. "Fare, please!" the con ductor shouts; but as hubby has the purse and at the present moment i» (insisting- a hobbled creature to "climb up," No. 1 has to stand aside for No. •> «ho is a portly dame loaded to the upper deck with Xmas presents. Fare being demanded. No. 2 searches in her reticule, finds her purse, and after careful scrutiny hands a dollar to con ductor to change. "Move up, madam, to the front. Don't like the smoke? Oh, well, go—" but the rest of the sen tence is lost In the confusion caused by a stout young gentleman with two | lusty boys and a go-cart, the wheels of which have by some meanu become entangled In the legs of a young phy sician, who is searching his medial case for restoratives for a frail lady who has just had an acute attack of nervous prostration caused by her struggle to board the car, and fear lest the car should go without her. Car moves on to the next crossing. The. same or similar scene awaits It. This Illustrates some of the difficulties. I will suggest a simple and effective remedy for thi. in my next letter. » J. R. K. —Boston Tr»v*l«i Far and Wide TOO LATE NOW Europe failed to express a wi«h that the colonel join Wellman in his flight over.—Atlanta Constitution. CONSIDERABLE OF A STRAIN. Bourke Cockran reverses himself so often that he may soon begin to wear out at the hinges.—Wall Street Journal. COMPLETING THE CAST If Roosevelt should turn out to be another Julius Caesar -we nominate Judge Parker for Marc Antony.—ln dianapolis Star. THEY DON'T THINK IT SAFE Attempt to organize an old home week in Pittsburg has failed. Her prominent citizen* won't come back.— Wall Street Journal. FROM BEARD TO SHEARED New York goes from one extreme to the other. The governor-elect of that state doesn't even wear a mustache. — Chicago Record-Herald. CAN'T BEAT MAN HIGHER UP Upper berths In sleeping cars are to be 50 cent* less than the lower ones. As usual tho man higher up gets the advantage.—Ntw York Herald. REAL CAUSE FOR TROUBLE The revolution in Portugal was caused by the queen mother's Paris hats. A splendid precedent seems to have been established.—Youngstown Telegram. A DIFFERENCE President-Tart says he will give the railroads a fair deal. Governor Stubbs says the same thing, but the president probably means what he says.—Kan sas City Journal. BRINGING IT UP Walter Wellman has an article in a December magazine on his oceanic balloon trip, although the jubllc had kindly agreed to forget all about It.— Pittsburg Gazette-Times. A VALUABLE RECRUIT A young woman of Massachusetts is nearly 6 feet 4 inches tall, weighs 189 pounds and is always in perfect train ing. What a recruit for the suffra gettes!— New York American. WHO'LL FURNISH THE POSSE? New York court rules that a man has a right to put his mother-in-law out of the house. But it takes some thing more than a right.—Cleveland Leader. REPUBLICAN CONSOLATION One of the chief reasons for rejoicing over the victory of the esteemed Dem ocrats seems to be based on the theory that they can't do anything anyway.— Columbus (Ohio) State Journal. EVERYTHING ELSE Two hundred butcher* in Pittsburg have quit making sausage, declaring there is no money in it. Come to think about it. money Is the one thing we never ran across in ours.—Detroit Times. TOO MANY HANDS The electric ventilating fan on the wall of the restaurant was whizzing round. A gentleman who had dined extremely well sat looking at it for some time. "Waiter," he complained at last, "that clock's fast."—Punch. , HEADED FOR PROHIBITION A man who was killed by a street oar In a Michigan town was carrying a suitcase containing seven quarts of whisky. That's a now way of running down the liquor business.—St. Paul 'Pioneer-Press. . I DECEMBER 12, 1910. AMERICAN INVESTMENT! IN MEXICO Editor Herald: I read your editorial entitled "American Money in Mexico" In this morning's paper, and t want to say ■omethlng about this. The statement which has been made for a long time that American money Invested in Mexico reaches the amount of $925,000,000 is an ahsunl exaggera tion. Never mind that. As you say, the Mexican state department has giv en tlirsn figures. For a long time I have watched very closely this matter of American investments in Mexico, and I have seen how much yellowlstn there is on the part of American tTaft ers, and how well the Mexican govern ment has succeeded In fooling the American people by swelling their heads and thus making partisans of them. For Instance: Eight or ten years ago, when the great rush of American Investments began in Mexico, some grafters started an organization of a rubber plantation. They had the pa pers made out saying the company was capitalized at $10,000,000. Now, mark you, of this $10,000,000 on paper there was sold some $100,000 in shares. Of this $100,000, $25,000 or $30,000 were sent Into Mexico to fix the wildcat scheme in order to fool the share buyers In the United States. Of course, the com pany was recorded in Mexico as a com pany capitalized at $10,000,000. In this way hundreds upon hundreds of wild cat schemes have been recorded as in vestments In Mexico, and while only a few million dollars has been wasted in these schemes, the American people are told that there are American invest ments In Mexico of nearly a billion dol lars. I cannot deny that there are real healthy American Investments in Mcx- Ico, but they do not surpass the Ger man, French or Spanish, and never will surpass the native Mexican Invest ments. Mexico Is a civilized country that offers opportunities to everybody to go Into business there, just as the United States offers this opportunity. Here In this country the Germans, the Dutch, the Russians, the French and even Mexicans have investments from which they draw big dividends, and you don't hear them boasting. The ed itorial says that the $20,000,000 iron and eteel plant in Monterey was built by American money. This iron and steel plant is exclusively of Mexican capital, but a part is owned by a rK-h Mexican woman who married an American, ana If the capital of this girl you call American capital, then you must say that Prince Hell de Sagan by his own Investments Is a heavy Investor in tha Gould railroad There are many Amer ican employes in Mexico and an Amer ican is the head of the railways in Mexico, but this is not because of his nationality, but because he is wise enough to accommodate himself to the political clique of the "scientltlcos" around Diaz. I wish to know from those people who own shares in American invest ments in Mexico how much money they have received in healthy (not in fake) dividends. The Cananea Copper com pany has been operating for ten years in Sonora, Mexico, and it cost tho American people more than $50,000,000, and only once paid a dividend, and Juki one month later tho works were closed for lack of money. L. GUTIERREZ DE LARA. TO PAINT THE GRAND CANYON A party of American artists, headed by Thomas Moran. the dean o£ our landscape painters, and including El liot Daingerfield, De Witt Pershall, Ed ward Henry Podthast and Frederick Ballard Williams, have gone to the Grand canyon to paint that wonderful piece of scenery. Mr. Moran nas been there several times and done some re markable canvases, two of which have been bought by the government and hang in the capltol at Washington. In Chicago Mr. Moran was interviewed on art in general and the trip in particu lar. "It is not necessary to go to Eu rope to learn to paint," he said. "Our artists go over there and acquire a French or a Dutch or an Italian style, and as a result our paintings are not at all American. We hope that this visit may be the beginning of a new school of American painters. The ef fect must be a greater love for portray ing American scenery. It will Ameri canize the artists and change the ten dency. Let the Dutchman paint his Holland and let the Frenchman paint his France, but when an American art ist wants to paint Switzerland let him go into the American mountains to do it. They are more beautiful." The artists will paint canyon scenes from a different angle. One member of the party has said: "The artists in their curiosity to note the effect of the canyon upon the Artist, if it were to be suddenly set before him, have planned to blindfold Mr. Daingerfield and awaiting a beautiful sunset, let him suddenly see all the beauty of tho place. They are very curious to note the difference between its effect upon him and the effect upon those who come into the scenery gradually." A HEARTY LAUGH Btln« th« days but Jok* from the newi .... . " ■ exchanges. It was an old custom among high waymen to stop prosperous-looking men on the street at night and in quire the time, and then, when the obliging party had pulled out his watch and named the hour, to snatch the watch and run off with It. One night one of the footpads ac costed an athlete. "What time Is it?" inquired the foot pad. "Just struck one," said the athlete, as the footpad went down before his stinging blow. "Gee," nald the crook, an myriads of stars wern clouding his vision. "I'm glad I didn't meet you an hour ago."—Norman E. Mack's National Monthly.