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the tore to on to the t have fust read in the Gazette, a misera ble production written avowedly with a view 0 to electioneering purposes and an intention to create a feeling of distrust and dissatisfaction In the public mind towards a highly res pectable and valuable public officer, Mr. Thomas Stockton. Although it is farthest from my thoughts to insult the literary pride vet I must be allowed to pronounce it the poorest, most contemptible and most puerile t of all the insidious attacks of the many I have seen upon our public men, for the Vast five years. It is conceived in ignorance, and die fated in malice ; and is written in a style that i wonid cause even the meek and qu el spir it Of a Dominie Sampson to rise.m anger, and flagellate the merest booby in his school ai fourteen who should disgrace his tutor by such a limping composition. It commences with a trite aphorism, proceeds with a state nient palpably false in regard to the offices of the State, makesa severe hit at a monopoly, involves its readers in the sad dilemma of solving a scriptural paradox, by way of ar gument, and concludes with a hope that the people will attend to their interests in the true demagogue style of the Jackson school, that is quite irresistible. Now, it is not so much my object todefend the gentleman who has become the target of the political arche ry of the writer of this thing, as to c-mleav our to counteract so far as I am able, the per nicious effect which this incorrect statement might operate in the minds of those in the community who do not permit themselves to think, or who, at least, may only hear one side of the question. I have no malice to be gratified,—am seeking no political advance ment, and have no other object in view than solely to put the public right on a subject Wh i Ch ^ a A b K e ?,- a, M y v ate The ÏÏ'ïï' understood by this Mr. Z. lhe man, if in deed he be. a reaannahle one at any time, mvist certainly have been laboring under a •hallucination of ideas or scribbling mania, when he wrote the thing, superinduced per haps, by a very severe longing for some of the loaves and fishes among our many sine STATE JOURNAL. Teams— Semi-weekly, 4 dollars in advance. 2 do. do. Weekly, Public Patronage. —A concert of vocal and instrumental music was given in the Ma sonic Hall in Newport, on Friday evening. "Between eight and ten" ladies and gentle men attended inside—some sixty or seventy well dressed persons, of both sexes, regaled themselves with tlie performances, gratis, outside, under the opened windows.—Prov. Journal. __ The contempt which some of the Jackson presses affect for tlie letters of Major Jack Downing, is as amusing and ill advised as the jealousy which they betrayed of Black Hawk during the President's progress. The Indian rival could be sent in a different direction, and hurried away to the land of his fathers; but Major Jack is master of his own move ments and positions, and in some sort ubiqui tary: he will be the Monsieur Tonson of the political farce. Cried down he cannot be, read he will be, and admired too, by all the people. We are quite sure that when his leguiar narrative oi the Progress, and his occasionel epistles supplementary, shall ap pear in a volume embellished with cuts, he will be soon and long as much in vogue as ever John Bunyan has been. Vive Major Jack. [_JVat. Gazette. no For the Delaware Journal. ,r A Daniel! yea a second Daniel come TO JUDGMENT." cur f s!i r . , -p, „ , Apropos, oi sinecures! The gentleman af ter uttering a stale, old maxim of government filched no doubt from an old Franklin alma- a nac of '76, or thereabout, proceeds to say that many of the offices of our State are mere "sinecures, with unwarrantable revenues!!" Now a sinecure, as 1 believe it is generally un derstood, is an office without care, to which i fivpri -mfi rpri-.in «j-iIipv iv 'iniininti d with O.uanv roturnofTiites tent.'fl.im not understand the wmd lie was using, point to a single case in the whole civil list of a sinecurem its literal sense and meaning, or even to a single instance of extravagant com pensation to any public officer for services rendered as such? Ve do not know of an; such, and defy the writer to the proof of an a assertion which never could have been safely made since the organization of oui State gov ernment. Granting, however, that it had been so under the old constitution it is iiv bad taste that this Jackson man allows that our late Convention, originating as it did with I those of the true faith, and all the popular constitutional amendments of which are claim ed to be exclusively their own-when re srenchment was the order of the day and ev erv office of the State was curtailed of every a cent of revenue over and above what they considered as a fair remuneration, could have overlooked "many of our public offices with unwarrantable revenues and suffered them ss sissrlsss.'SÄ jLmevJenkinshTmself husband hisrosour ces with a more careful hand, than the can tioas and economizing framers ot our const! tution the Treasury of their State, when eve ry office was pruned and lopped ot extrava gant expenditure so as to silence even the most captious of the brawlers of tbe day. This would indeed be a sad commentary up on that sagacity which was so apt to discover faults in the o/d state ofthings.and wouldfim' no parallel unless perchance in thatwhimsev of the N. Castle delegation,that brilliant nov elty in constitutional science, will tlie famous ONE JUDGE SYSTEM! Now, Mr. Z. very much oblige us by telling us where these sin ecurcs and offices with unwarrantable remu neration are to be found. It certaily cannot be the case in the office of Mr. Stockton, the duties of which are very arduous and labori ousjand I undertake to say, not more than barely compensated by the fees allowed by law. ' In regard to the next question attempted to be raised by this last of scribblers and the al phabet, I have to reply, that the acceptance of any of the offices of clerk, does not express or imply a promise on the part of the accept or that lie shall not receive any aid in the dis charge of his duties.. And although it would certainly be an unsound doctrine as well as unconstitutional, to hold that these offices may be farmed out, yet the constitution and its agent, the appointing power, with this ex ception, look only to the fulfilment of the promise of the officer, and do not regard tlie direct or indirect means by which he per forms his duties, whether by himself or by . , another, provided always, all the acts of h,s office bear his imprimatur. He has there- j fore a right to procure assistance or hire a li-h clerk, as it is not otherwise ordered, during be the whole term of his office. Besides the na tore of the office held by Mr Stockton » strictly ministerial and may tlieiefore in all cases be delegated to a constitutional extent, at to any one capable of performing its duties. This power is at his entire risk—the respon sibility stiU rests upon him and cannot be le moved to the shoulders of a third person, al though he really perform all the labours of . . theoffice. ' s . v a 7u*fia/officer t» h â certain^ jftent as muclias histionourthe' C J. on tlie Bench There aie many acts which one can perfonn for him, and must be done by him alone. Yet even he has a right to employ an assistant or assistants, and has done so from time immemorial down to the present. So that Mr. Stockton least of all and the public officers can be charged with mal feasance or neglect of office on the ground of in employing assistance. The duties ofhisot fice'are well performed: All who know the man know he never botches his work in of- is fice—civil or military. Whether he writes every line is not the question. Qui facit per aliurn, facit fier sc, I've heard the lawyers in say. "What think you of that Master the sSme tiL I SÄ howeveri he might be taught by Mr. Bennet to reconcile it to his conscience to hold a dozen without any greater difficulty than making out the commissions. Like the man m the play he mus t feel before he can believe, like Thomas 0 fold. The appointing power should not look to tbe number of offices a man may hold, but rather t0 his capacity for the office in ques tion . and if he prove a worthy and able offi- er cer , it is neither a sound nor a fair objection that he holds fifty others, provided they are s"ss?ä [ ä; tenable and incompatible. So that the sorip t urul paradox of serving two masters does not apply to the offices of Clerk of the Peace it and Rail Road Agent, until it be proved they are God and Mammon to each other. Now i ct t h e gentleman put this in the crucible of his ingenuity and I venture to predict he will be ante to make neither more nor less of it, than that a Rail Road Agent is not a Clerk of the Peace, or that a man out of office is not a m an in office. Q. E. D., as Euclid says. As to the writer's hit at a monopoly, I have nothing to do with it. The Rail Road Com pany is able to take care of itself as well as of D f t j le many hundreds of travellers who daily entrust themselves to its delightful cars and luxurious steamboats. There is a great deal however in this same idea of a monopoly, Surely if the most devoted attention to busi so ness and order and regularity in all its con cernS) the utmost courtesy and politeness to strangers, and a disposition to administer to tbe comfort and convenience of travellers, c an entitle the company to public favor, I see M0 reason why it should not monopolize all the travelling between Baltimore and Phiia to de lphia. As a traveller I can say the cars are a treat, the steamboats elegant, and Cap be tains Jeffries and C hay tor as clever fellows as you wd i dnd between Maine and Georgia. STEAMBOAT. ■ - - no ■ - - FOREIGN. _ ___ an F rom t).«Wew Amo« oa n, ' prom Europe. CAPTURE OF DON MIGUEL'S FT FFT CONFIRMED , . . „ r * M U? we haro received ou^reeuhfr files of °f Sah D-iocrstoule lôtïuir 6 ^ ""t ,sn papers» tne lotn uit. . 1 he most important item of intelligenc. is a conhrrnation of the report received by the t , way of Gibraltar, of the destruction ot Dorn Miguel s fleet by Admiral Napier,the paitic- |.] ulars ot which will be touna below. in the iintisii parliament an animated ms »P«; '^gej*^ P° "f., 0 , LgÄ nas been brought on by a motion in relation to Russia and Turkey, made by Mr. Henry Bulwer, which he prefaced by the singular inquiry of the Ministry, "whether any Gov ernment existed?" To which Lord AUhorpe answered, in the words of Tristram Shandy, "Here we are." Mr. B. replied, that "it did not follow be cause they were there, that they constituted ' a Government 1 he affair gave rise to a report which was disbelieved, however that Earl Grey had resigned. 1 he London Spec. tator pronounces the downfall ot the Minis try. inevitable, though a creation of Peers might possibly help them through the session, I he Irish Church Reform [Bill, which was read a third time in the House of Commons by a major, y oi 274 to U4, and carried up to the Lords, has already met with the fiercest °PP<" the Dukes ot Buckingham a "<l Wellington. The bill tor the renewal of the East India charter, was lead a second time to a veiy tlnn house. £much l»onaon. l ney nave purcnascu torn steam säwääsmä'}» are to take about three hundred sailors on board at Plymouth and Portsmouth, and sail immediately for the Tagus. In Bell s Weekly Messenger of the 14th, *° 1 ^" d bl ^man C Lord liver ?n comphshtd young nobleman, Lo.d IJoici au nonneed. , , Lord Dover was warmly attached to lite rary pursuits, and was an author of some rep utation ; his last work was "Correspondence ot Horace Walpole with Sir Horace Mann," published from the originals in the possession °t Earl Waldgrave. He also wrote the "Lite of Frederick the Great, King of Prus sia. ' 1 his accomplished young nobleman had been lor some time in a declining state of the health ; and two months since his medical at tendants feared that his disorder was a seri ous one. by His lordship was a staunch political adhc ' rent of the present administration, and on the «Ä l CTTr. Ä0 l!" her W was selected by Earl Grey to succeed Vis count Lowther as Chief ^Commissioner of Woods and Forests. This office he, how ever, resigned a few weeks afterwards, on account of his delicate health, and he did not subsequently accept any other appointment under the crown. In tlie spring ot 1831 his lordship was created a British peer. Amiable and exemplary in all his private relations, an upright, zealous, and intrepid supporter of his political opinions, he will long be regretted by his family and his party. Add to this his elegant accomplishments as a man of society, ami his various-and extensive to al dis as and ex the tlie by . M nflettersi andit woulditer , the wll0 l' e vangeof Eng-^dro, bedifficult to fin itv _ DersonaK f'whQ will the li-h gen.ry and n y P se ® sed ih bis be so severely 1 f d ' ha ^ ct ^. every native family, tortun , _ - term -^^^ ftlmt the Queen's troops, nwasro c_ le f t villa Heal, a- and at the time the accounts leitvm ,' ° f ' on considerable"quan P , ion andabollt five thousand of Jtiesofa; ,, we re found in the town. have pounds me , that the Span- and . . L ^ r ^ n t have offered ass^LTto Miguel, upon condition of the Usurper granting a comprehensive amnesty, a const;- ° tutional charter, and making a change m ,1ns Ministry. Such a charter as King Ferdinand would stipulate for, !s not veiyiey, should imagine, to be ^fused oy b s - . ., Connected with these i armv of dv and Poitugal, is that ot a * observation, to be stationed in y •> in order^ it.. said,.to counteract.any mea suies which the Span CHusel take in behalf of Miguel. Marshal ClausU t l is named as the commander of this foice. A number of arrests have been made m ^ Paris, of persons suspected of being engaged; in pcl.tical conspiracy • '1 ' that theDutdicsfeBei wàsexpectedat Paî- 1° erme at the latter end ot last gentil. The P Prince of Campo Formio the father of hei t ^ husband, had prepared a magnificent palace tQ ["L h b e '7ome P of 0 ttm Count °who "had dicamp bad become of the Count, who bad ü camp lÂ^ÂiÂÎÂ'account. received up to the 10th of June from Constan tinople, was retreating very slowly. The Russian ships of war still remained in the Bosphorous, and would not depart until the Egyptians were fairly encamped on the oth er side of Mount Taurus. lhe dispatches from the Marquis Pa mella and Colonel Napier, are dated the oOth ult. attempted to land, in the firstmstance at Villa Real; this was on the 24th. In this attempt it was opposed by the garrison which consist ed of a force of about 12 or 1400 men. On the demonstration of their opposition, how ever Captain Napier immediately drew up his ships in line against the batteries of the garrison; and after a brief cannonading, the garrison it appears, being divided in opinion, part ot the troops fled from the town, and part declared for Donna Maria. After a short interval, however, a portion ofthe troops who had retired from the garrison, returned and joined the troops of the Queen, making the number of these adherents about 600. Count Villa Flor having taken the necessary mea sures for securing the possession of the town, and having left therein a sufficient number of men, divided the remainder ot his torce into two divisions. With one of these divisions to the Count directed his march tojthe north, in to pursuit of the Miguelite Governor, Count Molellos, towards Beja, in the province of Alcmtejo, in which province the inhabitants are said to be'strongly in favour of the Queen* The inhabitants of Villa Real and its neigh borhood, voluntarily assisted them with 400 horses. as The other division, headed the Marquis of Palmellamarched westward through Tavira and Faro, to Lagos. At Tavira and Faro, they were joined by the garrison, and joyfully received by the inhabitants Deputations an d addresses were received from all the ' to*.»«..« lu rr % passed, and the constitutional flag ot the Queen was universally hoisted throughout the whole of the Kingdom of the Algarves. Thus, the last accounts leave the Marquis of °f Palmella at Lagos; having succeeded, without blood,, shed, in placing the ancient . Kingdom of Algarves under tlierule of Donna is Maria, and having afforded the inhabitants of the t , t Hch and I m p 01 . t ant part of Portugal the tunit of s , 1[)W i„g their attachment to |.] ie Constitutional cause. tunit of s , 1[)W i„g attachment to |.] ie Constitutional cause. At Villa Real they found 30 pieces of can and about £5,000 in money. Captain Napier, with the ships under „ T c 1 . r( , 'ns command, has left Lagos for the la gus. For the particulars of the important news in relation to Portugal, below, we a re indebted to the Journal of Commerce, which has politely furnished us with a ,, a pcr of the 16th, since the above was ' \ , Portugal _ Capture Miguel's Fleet bv Rear-Admiral otDon Mi a uel s h teet by near Jiamn at Napier s Squadron. The Birmingham steamer arrived here last night, from which Senhor Men d j zab j e landed with despatches from p , witll which he immediately . t b ed ' lol . London. The bearer of h obsP , ved the strictest "crew a* to the chVr«7ter of the news sect tcy as lo the chatacter o tne news, We have however, obtained the sub stance of his despatches, which we have pleasure ill commmumcating to our readers. >• w»» «« n.™,, with his squadron consisting of three fri gates - the Rain da Portugal (flag.) Don Pedro, and Donna Maria, a corvette, a |„.ig, and a schooner, sailed from Lugos, <> n 'he 2d instant and on the 4th came in Hght of Don Miguel's fleet consisting nine shins hut there bein? no wind, ?.'^ d mira was notable to brfng the ene tlie Admii at was notaoic io iriiig uie cm. my to action, upon which he called on steamers to tow his ships towards the enemy, which they declined, unless the value of the steamers was secured lo the ownet . s . On Friday the 5th instant, ,however,abreezespruilgup,whenRcar . ■ • , b J,.„ f in W i. on tbe ene Admiral Napici boic down on the ent m y avul commenced the action aoout •> o'clock in tlie afternoon by attacking the Da Rainha, mountiug T4 guns, which he carried in gallant style. The Don John, alarmed at the capture of her consort, made all sail to escape a similar fate, * i • i vt n„ of Admiral Napier, having secured the Da R a«nha, immediately pursued the flying ship, end after a long chase, during which the Don John kept up an incessant fire from her stern-chasers, came up with the enemy, wiio at once struck his colors. The Princess Real, 50 guns, was captuI .,. d by tbe Donna Maria of 38 v . J . , . , . g ans ' ai tel ' a short hut smart engagement °' twenty minutes, in which we regret to a sa y Captain Goblet, commander of the latter ship was killed. A store ship, ». .... tv « a desperate Conflict with the Don Re likewise surrendered, as did two of the the smaller ships. The remainder of the v > s n eet effected their escape. Thtfs to terminated an action which proved the term a Mio-ueTs naval force, ^fwhh in hsreXi of ?he uîmosl He' and which, in its resui s,i importance to tile cause of the legitimate sovereign of Portugal. Besides the loss of Captain Goblet, the constitutionalists upon have to deplore the loss of Captain George and Lieutenant Woolridge, flag-lieuten- He to ReaT-Admiral Napier, and several tioc other of fi cevs also a considerable num- to ° beio f officers'and men wounded. Among to j . the son 0 f the Rear-Admiral tion ^ On the return of the squadron with ., • m ,; zes lo Lagos, the corporate bo dv nresented Admiral Napier with a * P e , f , i * crown formed The whole of the provtnee of Algal ve. ias declared for the young Qucc , t l le constitutionalists now ieel certain of of establishing Donna Maria on the throne ^ ^ ance b stol . s . q- he Birmingham called off Oporto . . de8oalsb j a f or Don Pedro on the o hand SmmSntaitad with t"e Tran^ all 1° toff heBa™thecommander of which P ame on board ' the steamer and stated t ^ at an attack had been made on Opor- I tQ by Do „ Migucl . s forces on Saturday last, which was repelled with great loss } my During the voyage home the Birmingham fell ïn with (^George the fourth Steamer, which sailed hence for Lisbon last week with Marshal Bour mo unt on board, and communicated the intelligence of the capture of the fleet. The following additional particulars have been brought by private letters:— u F almouth , 13th July, 1833.—"Pre sum i nff it may ' be interesting to you, we steamer arrived here last evening, with despatches from Lagos and off Oporto, g be sailed from the former place on the On and j be latter on the 8th. Capt. u eaz i v reports that a severe engagement up , tbe 5 th between Hon Pe the "^ fn^ ' u - llÄ the WO and Don M iguels fleets winch last ed about an bout. The result w as, Capt. Napier captured the Don John and Da Rauiha, of 74 guns and 750 men each; a large store ship, of 52 guns and 640 and mcn; Princess Real, frigate of 48 guns; the and Princeas Real, corvette, all of which h t b ; nt0 Lagos. Three brigs and a ', . eqraned Manv officers and schoonu escapee. Many omccro ana of m«n were KUiect on eacn suit. nt into Marquis Palrnella and Count Villa r lor were proceeding rapidly towards Lisbon. in It is stated by the master ol the steamer that 3000 men had joined them, and of their armv now amounts to about 7000 » ' ,'A T , _The » ,'A T , _The steamer 1 almouth, 13th July. 1 he steamet Btrmtngnam^ captain ueaziy, ai iiveu here last evening, having on Doara »1. Mendybell, who brought despatches from Lagos, and set off immediately for London. She brings intelligence that the squadron under the command of Ad mira l Napier,three frigates and a covette v,- Cî »iwi from T d Ids Wav^Sd^nst 1 ^arSP^ieioftowinff dav gos nay, msc. ana ine ion owing a ay came in sight ot the Miguelite neet, nine sau, then calm. A breeze springing up, bore down upon them, and after a severe action, succeeded in entering the Ad mh . a l> s ship , Don John, 74 guns, the r)ni- Rainhn 74 a laro-e store shin 52 «' • ' R ® a ' d _ S a ns, the Princess Real, tilgate, and a corvette, which were all carried into Lagos, where they are immediately to be refitted, for the service of her Majesty, Donna Maria. Officers killed,—Captain George, of the Pedro, Admiral's flag .. ° ~ tn ship; Captain Goblet, ofthe Donna Ma ria, lieutenant Miller, marines; the Mas ter of the Ramha Da Portugal, and Lieutenant Woolridge, I-lag Lieutenant, severely wounded, since dead. Wound ed,—Captain Napier, Jun., Captain Reeves, Lieutenant Edmonds, and Cap tain Vancello of marines, all .severely.— The loss on 'the narl ol the Miguclites was very m P wasvery gleat. I lie 1 agus is blockaded. 1 lie num bur of troops which had declared for the Queen at Algarve, is from 6000 to 7000 men, and makes the force now under Compte Villa Flor about 10,000." 1 — »x« _ Classical Larceny-P rofessor Flora t ; 0 Harrf i a flute dead er was tio N elson Harrill, a ilute teaci ai, was committed to Prison this morning for stealing 8115 worth of Books From the store of Mr. Little The Books were all ofthe most valuable description, and . T «.«,«* »m. ..».j r . judgment. The books were found at bis room, and, upon being taken to the a Polie office, lie confessed that he took them. This Flute Professor is a young Englishman, of good education and in so ent deportment, who rads at every thing American in a spirit worthy oi Captain Hall, Mrs. Trollope, or even the l \ Rev. Ml. I idlei. Alb. Rv. Journal. •> 38 . to af-jplation. From the Philadelphia Gazette of Friday. WAR AGAINST OUR MERCHANTS. A greater excitement than that now ex isting among the merchants and com mercial men of this city, in reference to the proceedings of the Custom House ag ainst the cargo of the ship Globe has pro bably been never known. The case is not regaded as affecting the interest of a few alone, but as bearing upon the rights of every merchant and every shipper, in Philadelphia. If the proceeding of the Surveyor of this Port, is sustained in this instance, it may be sustained in others, and a system of espionage and surveillance will be established, among our respectable and intelligent merchants, disgraceful to any community. A pub lic meeting of shippers and others, to ex press their decided indignation, and to enter their protest against the course pursued by the Surveyor, is in contem 'f'i.» „..„ 1 * „r tKp rnfrlerence betweenlper The resul consignees of the the Surveyor and the S f and Globe, has been entirely unsa « hold to the latter. 1 he Surveyor was asked tWg whether he had received any information quote implicating the manifests of the ship.— He' replied" in the affirmative. He was N desired to mention whether the suspicion desireuio mention wu / or m rested up y P to which he re upon the whole c g . freight. tax plied that it rested upon the vv g it He was then requested, as an act or j tioc to the consignees, and to enable them pah to detect the authors of the fabnea . to give the source whence ht. g tion had been received but h e re/ ^ inf tl0n onlU e subject !l Notwithstanding this want tesy, the two principal shippers, mine diately gave their consent that the boxes should be opened and examined, by the L r Custom House officers, and they offered Custom hung î he ir part lie p. y I from the Canton of the caigo to and , , tbe House, as well as the cost ot o P^ ln &.; . packages, that the tea and boxes might not be injured by boring. 1 he sameisac- j rifice would no doubt have been made by all the consignees, but the tender was re iused, the Surveyor declared that he should insist upon the boring system.- I he consigness then pi op ' view of mitigating the damage co sequ ent upon boring, that a certain _ e of boxes to be selected by the inspector, should betaken from each invoice, and bored. This was too tf • - satis 1 here being no possible w y 1 fying the scruples ofthe Survejol, w have arisen, we douot not, from misap prehension, the discharging ot the cargo has been re-commenced, as the ship can not be detained. The loss to the con we signees will be at least twenty per cent, 'rr£," îs and boxes, from lhe holing of the inspectors. A large purchuati has the already refused to receive lus invoice, and the consignees will be obliged to dispose of it at depreciated prices. Pe- To show the extent of damages likeiy to be sustained, we may mention that to be sustamc , ^ J vestertlay one ol the boring ag . 5 . . Da discovered making anoptinn„ witn ms a augur, in a box oi Chinese bmbroutcrea 640 Shawls , which he had mistaken tor a tea chest. In consequence of the proceedings de a tailed above, the sale of the cargo of the and Globe has been postponed one week. ana Clone, lias postponed one nt Globe has been postponed one Clone, lias postponed one _ firom 1 oulson s Jldveniser. The following award settling,or rather ridiculing a dispute between two lawyers then of Easton, Pa. is understood to be the nroduction of the late Samuel Sit r nI . i.:. f i:„ t : n „„i„ hpd S lea ' es > ennnu 1 '° l nls . ° , V talents, great legal acquirements and general learning. _ Wethe arbitrators, appointed to set ,j e a nd adjust the controversy between Mr. H-, Esq. prosecutor, and Mr. m __, Esq. prosecuted, have called to our assistance, conformably to the a g ree ment of tlm Ta d parties, Henry Iieu V, u , A . ,/ icaaun uf previous dl versify of opinion among us. And we t j ie sa j c j arbitrators, together with the said Henry Wilson Esci havimratten t j ve j v heard the iiiu inc whn £ sses and deliberately considered th(J alle 'fions and the evidence, do, with lln ' nn unanimous consent, make the whole matter. We are 0 f opinion that Mr. H-, ujuriter verba exposait," and that Mr. m-, ''mollitur manus imposait, " that M r II_■ offended "in verbis," and $** S_ '"Z verberZs," or rather IYll> iVl * ui oeruerwub^ ui uunti that he is gui Uy " de puisa tione ," butnot i tdevcrbe) .J m< ' We think that Mr. H Rttle against the law, and Mr. M mucb against good manners, and that bot i, the said nanties have more zeal than d : scret ; _ t e tbem b ' morc dlscretl °n— Ula V nc ot V .1 „ L a0Ura S e t!ian patience, and theothci more forbearance than courage. We think about the subject matter on wb ich they disputed, Mr. II-mani f est ed himself a rough Federalist, Mr< M _»»an unyieldino- Democrat; 1 ■ ..„,i u„.i, „ , 111. f item all of them wrong; hat each oi them told aS mUch , aS ? ulted his argument, and su PP«« ed what was unfavorable to it; and thal both 0 f them were incorrect, as W eil in argument as in conduct. We tihnk that each owes an atone mcnt to the other, but that the debt will . „„ ' 8 8 W e award, therefore, that the expenses ()f , arbiu . ation be paid equally between thcm am , we commend to them to a , h d i scuss ; on 0 r nolitics hereafter of to discuss them with better temper' , , remember, that neither oi , . \ ... ' , 1 »^rtl words or Hard Ll.ws, are the best possible expedients for the conversation of adversaries, sinned a Done, after supper, under our hands, this 2d May, 1814. S. SIT G REAVES, this 2d May, 1814. S. SIT G REAVES, JOHN ROST, E. EVANS, F. SMITH, GEO. WOLF, JOHN EWING. Arbitrators. Henry Wilson, Umpirs. \ - The following article is intended, to rect an abuse in tlie custom house, which were not aware existed until we saw this let ter. Since the Secretary has taken the sub ject up, and seems disposed to remedy tlie evil, it may be well for him to inquire, whe ther the practice complained of may not lit arisen from another which is said to exist, and which, if true, calls as loudly for the in terposition of some power competent to pro duce a reform, as that alluded to in this let ter. We refer to a practice often said to prevail of taxing office-holdc .a tlie custom and elsewhere, a considerable cor V. c a\ e liich has been is, cfentage on their incomes, for floliticia fiurfioses —that is, to help forward elections, and secure the ascendency of those who now' hold the reignsof power. We have heard tWg alleged s0 frequently, and by those who quote d good authority for it, that we presume there must be some foundation for the story. N c,w. if the men whose incomes are barely sufficient to support themselves and their fa m -,Ues, are obliged, as the consideration on which they hold their places, to pay a heavy tax for tlle purpose that has been mentioned, it cannot be considered strange that they should resort to some indirect means to re-» pah . their losses . Extract of a letter from the Secretary of thef dated Washington, 7th Aug., 1833. It , 8 the duty of the Government to see' that all those who have business at the Cus wm House, shall have their affairs promptly attended to. The Government has the pow L r an( i the inclination to employ and liberally compensate all agents necessary for the pub lie service; consequently, if those who have business at the Custom House are obliged to give private pay to Custom House Officers, it must be because there are nut Officers ade- t0 , hB duty> ()1 . because , if numerous j nonghf they do not perform their duty. I res p ec tfully request you therefore, to make kn * wn to'evefy officer and Clerk in the public employment in your Custom House, UuR Urn practice ofn = from m« of any kind is utterly condemned* and that « g " ™ ^epfprivate compen sation, shall be retained in service after proof f th f act .. f d not en rate th ils liUe?y t0 v. !° m , a f c " ntl fJ iance of the P 1 '» 011 « to which you refer. It a merchant cannot get his business transacted as it should be, it must be the f, uL of the Government: if lie has to pay a public cleik, he has a just cauw out to otM c'aeents «'"8 ^ d s ^«cuitv inver ti « er cT^^merchantInto^the nav ment of private ï us others, and at last there will be a laxity of has moral feeling utterly inconsistant with the character ot the country, and the honour of to its Government. It is altogether a mistake that the receipt ot private compensation is, as one °J your Oarers supposes, a pn v ? tc «ffim- between the Officer and the mer c J» n J and I consider it my duty the more stronly tosay tins,«» that gentleman is attach ms ed to the Custom House. As the head of the most important establishment in the country, tea I look to you for all the aid that may be re quisite, to put an end to a practice which no de- time or authority, according to my notions, the can sanction or justify, "I am, very respectfully, "Your obed't servant, "W. J DUANE, Sec'ry of Treasury, "Samuel Swartwout, Esq. 7 Collector, New York. > N. Y. Daily Adv. Collector, New York. > V | M1E Subscriber will offer at Public | Sale> on Thursday, the 12 th day of Septembernext,at2o'clock,onthepremi seSj a u tbat property he now occupies and his present place of residence, containing a bout three hundred acres of land, with the improvements and appurtenances belonging thereunto, viz: 8cc. occupied as a public house for a number of J' ears > aow kept by Sarah Bullock, and k '! own b y the name of the Eagle, on the Wil mington and Great Valley Turnpike, with a new Cartwright and blacksmith shop, and also one other stone tenement and orchard to accommodate the same, all being and lying in Brandy wine hundred, New Castle County, Delaware, four miles from tlie city of Wll andmingtonontheH'ilmiiigtonaiidGrcatVal. Ry Turnpike, and a very pleasant ride and is thoiighttobesuitahleforanygentlemanwisli ing to own a country situationon firmer who would wish to occupy so much land, and will ,, L . K „ ldthc . whole together, or if any person would prefer having part, the subscriber will divide the same to suit purchasers ; it is well situated as to places ot worship, schools,, mills, &c. as well as for health, adjoining land» of William W. Young & Co. the WiL mington and Great Valiev Turnpike road z;h"rr *" Hr 1 J v resard to ^.making |L lanXofTohn lAneT'the hcfrs'of* Joseph a- W . diïy^ ^and ot hêrs P™ w?.hlS tÄ chase will of Î nurse view hefnro rim dav of sale, when attendance will be given and terms <>f sale made known by 1 r Valuable real estate AT PUBLIC SALE. L The mansion or homestead im Taiprovcments are a good and sub jyJKstantial stone dwelling house, a ES bout 30 feet square, divjdeil mt" suitable apartments, two. «.— * ' Wlt î celjn- wasn house with a good ui of water at the door, sheded in, with the necessary conveniences ; also a good stone barn 47 feet by 35 feet, cellared under, all in good order—barn yard walled in with stone, and water in tlie yard—also sundry out buildings, and the land generally un der good fence, witli a good assortment of fruit ; apple orchard of 250 trees in their prime, pears, cherries, &c. A proportion of timber for the use of the farm, and the arable land in a good state of cultivation, as it has been limed and manured to a high state, AsHk and on said premises are a two story îigli stone dwelling, with stable, sheds sniil L we HARMAN TALLEY August 20 ts «»I T . «■ t,vr/i\i € TOR * *. fc ISAAC CLARK. » Informs his friends anc9 the public generally, thâfc lie lias resumed business at the old stand, No » 56, Market Street, a few doors below the Lafayette hotel. He lias now and intends^ keeping constantly on hand a general assort ment of HATS, plain and fashionable, for His stock is manufactured men and boys, under his immediate inspection, and lie is warranted from his own knowledge of facts, to assure tlie public that for lightness, elasti city, color, durability, elegance of appear ance, and cheapness, his hats are much su perior to tlie flimsy sale-hats brought into this place from foreign manufactories. As a manufacturer of hats he is determined to build his reputation on the excellence and elegance of his work, and hopes for a share of public patronage, confidently believing that his fellow citizens will encourage their own manufactories, in preference to those of distant places, wlm drain away our money and return it not again. Wilmington, Aug. 20.—tf. c e 74.