Newspaper Page Text
Monticella, Jan. 26, 1826.
Sir .—I have read with much satisfaction, the sermon of Mr. Piermont|whic.h you have I been so kind as to semi me, and am much j ..leased with the spirit of brotherly forbear ance in matters of religion, which it breathes, 1 and the sound distinction it inculcates be tween the things which belong to us to judge, ; ' and those which do not. If all Christian , [ sects would rally to the sermon on the mount, | make that the central point of union in reli j | ^ion, and the stamp of genuine Christianity, r (since it gives us all the precepts of our du- j ties to one another) why should we further 1 ask, with the text of our sermon 1 what think ; ye of Christ?* and if one should answer 4 he i is a member of the God-head,* another, «he is a being of eternal pre-existence,* a third, | ' he was a man divinely inspired,' a tourth, ! ■he was the Herald of truths reformatory I of the religions of mankind in general, but i more immediately of that of his own cour,- 1 trymen, impressing them with more sublime ' and more worthy ideas of the Supreme be ing, teaching then, the doctrine of a future j state of rewards and punishments, and in- f culcuting the love of mankind, instead of i the anti-social spirit with which tl.e Jews | viewed all other nations.' what right or , what interest has either ul those respondents i to claim pre-ennnence for bis dogma, and ; •usurping the judgment seat of God, to con- j demn all the others to his wrath? In this j easel say, with the wiser heathen, 'deco j rum injuriae diis curae.' . i \ou press nm to consent to the publica - 1 tion ot iny seiitiments, and suppose they I miglit have effect even on sectarian bigotry. ! But have they not the gospel. It they hear [ not that, and the charities it teacheth, * net- . ther will they be persuaded, though one rose fe 1 ."* £ ad .; " a !. K .T'. bt, 'f' I ligious antipathies, that though the laws will i no longer permit them, with Calvin, to burn I the v'raise the huVand crv of Heres^r affinst they raise the hue and cry of Uvtcsy against them, place them under the ban of public those which corrode the soirit also and might weakenTuiesLnation P ^to ^contfouêln i a &vless state if S which Provhlence 1 »a°Æ S." VV i h the« leÄ ! accept those j household property exceeding £1100 in val- 1 Mr. Cowie, hair dresser, who lived im- I mediately above M'William's house, has ob- ; -ei ved that the miser wore the same outer : to garment for upwards of fifteen years 1 - \ Iiow this wretched being had accumulated s* mpeh property (nearly 3000 pounds,) fias not, as yet, been satisfactorily explain- vi C( j >> a From the Boston Courier. Mn. Jf.fkkrson's Corrkspondi nc.f..— Of all the letters from Mr. Jefferson to dif ferent individuals, which have been publish ed since his death, we have seen none more interesting than the following, which ap peared in the Eastern Argus. 1* was writ ten to the late Judge Thatcher of Massachu setts. opinion, and shut them out from all the kind affections of society. I must pray permis sion, therefore, to continue in quiet, during the short time remaining for me ; an«\ at a time of lite when the afflictions of tlie body weigh heavily enough, not to super-add j An interesting scene was witnessed at the Navy yard yesterday, in the launch ot the fngate Potomac, from the bed on which she , has for more than four years reposed, under a shed, at the Navy-yard in this city alter having been hauled up on the inclined plane constructed for the experiment. Compara - 1 tively few persons were aware of the inten- ] tion to launch her, and still fewer of the j day and hour, both having been undivulged, to prevent too great a crowd, as, in case ol any difficulty m the launch, such ns some had , predicted, it might have impeded the neces sary operations of the workmen, See. A good ■ number of persons, however, witnessed the launch, which is supposed to have been one of the most beautitul that ever took place. Not the slightest difficulty occurred. The ; vessel was started off a lit le before eleven O'clock, and majestically ploughed her way to the river. The distance she had to run ing considerable, and the descent small be yond example, her movement occasioned al most as much solicitude as pleasure. But such precautions had been taken by tiic skil ful officers and men of the yard, that not the least accident occurred ; and in a few min- 1 utes this fine frigate, after being high anddry 1 since May 1Ç22, in excellent preservatioii I ar.d order, lay snugly at anchor in the East ern Branch.—Ao/. Intel, From the -V. J'. Commercial .ldvcrtisrr. Carrying a joke too far —That worthless vagabond, John Pluck, who carries in his ocket a Commission from the Governor of ennsylvania, as a Colonel of the Militia of that State, after making a fool of himself and ! a thousand others, who went to see him in this city, has gone on a tour through the U. States. At Providence he was gazetted as the'Lion'of the day, and at Boston, his ar rival is announced, accompanied by a bio graphical sketch. If the foolery ended he'-e, it would not be so bad ; but it appears that on the voyage from New York to Boston, in the steamboat Washington, a meeting of tlie passengers was held, a Chairman and Secre tary named, and Pluck was nominated for Vice President of the United States, in con nexion with the Philadelphia nomination of General Jackron for President. The reso lutions are signed by the Chairman and Se cretary, and published in tlie usual form at Providence. Now we look upon the proce dure as absolutely disgraceful. To say that it is a niere matter of sport, ef fun and fro lie, is no excuse. If this miserable wretch .s willing to go through the country dressed like a military zany, and exhibiting himself to the friends of vulgar sport for a shilling a piece, he has a right to do —and the civil authorities have a right to take him up as a vagrant. But to couple his name in this manner with that of Jackson—the Hero of New Orleans—who is a pure and elevated Patriot, and a real benefactor to his country, is in every point of view inexcusable, and disgraceful to the authors. * TheNew-York Statesman, of Sept. 5th, says, " M'ate/iar, the head, front, soul, and body of the marble manufacturing Fraud, arrived at Havre on the 20th of July, from Fort-au-Prince. One of his creditors here, having got wind of his intention to go to Ha vre, despatched a power of attorney to col lect a debt from him. The Gazette of this i morning says—"It so happened thatthis do cument reached Havre one day before M., Montreal, Canada, Sefit. 2. All the world lias beard the story of the artist who painted fruit so well that the fowls of the air came and pecked the picture. A circumstance somewhat a-kin to this took P'f? tbis city « f riJay wo !Ä "I fiÜiAnd the other dead tbe one represent |, t a ' , }.hey are exceed,,ng Lf'./heoW antl ' ba ' c be ,• . ,, ni 'Presence p" tbe d ? ya '" ve . f* V „„ Jhe niiilire of an< fi'U'd h.s c > es ' 'V. ' be game, which was hanging • ■ [ )0al ' ll > sprung at it wi h , k brought the pictui e t th e t, | le ' ame a l .° l >leces ; c° rl a ' y . llrc W; J S j 1 Vî ,. , î ; s t ' ' shon , ?VV. S ur ^^ nce * lc l,iC * c ' * lt u t *l )ecd ' __ . . A , . r „ * V>l C 'c n * tate f1 the billowing proo en» . , *' - ,as J llst commenced bus ' n " s ' alK \' ,0 , e f e at surprise of alth.s rusto tiers,has-nilv f° ur weights with which lit u. . b hsam urn ^ °. f 1»»«'« s - fmm . "'>« ,0 '. t . J' I f tbf ! ! ' lze of tbç weights r I o ^iich an th w ' ,u '' says, The ttumbeis -7, - , •>, l . aflr ° rd a solll,,u1 ' of the £ I ucsUo "' j - WHITE MOUNTAINS. xhc Saco t Mc.) Palladium of Wednesday, | Rives thc following account of the shocking ! vatastrophe which lately happened at the j white Mountains rf New Hampshire : 1 Un Monday night the 27th August, a nrns« ' mc lan C ltoly and heart-rending catastrophe ! occurred in Coss county, N.'ll. near the : Notch, so called, of the White Mountain.— iq, e particulars of the shocking occurrence, j a re as near as we can ascertain them, as fol-■ j ows ; —A sudden and powerful fall of vain i on t > le ( foy previous, occasioned an over-i whelming and appalling avalanche or slip f,. om t y ie mountain, into Saco river, whicli ■ carried devastation and death in its course. i Q n t ] lc night above mentioned, about 12 (■' c i oc | 5j the family of Capt. Samuel Willy, 'T",'!" 1 ' 1 " 8 of himtsclf, his wife, five small children, and two hired men, named Allen and Nickerson, were alarmed by the bolster ous elements, and rushed out of their house to save themselves from its ruins, in case it ; should be swept away : But, alas ! they were : all carried down and crushed to death by the 1 mass of sliding earth, rocks, timber, fee..— Tlle 1 boclies ( s,,ys a letter of the 3d iust. to a : ?» s , p,ace .' ) Mv '.,» d M . rS ' 1 e ,Uy and Allc "' wer , c , tH V nd on 1 ' urS( '? y ! ! °a' ÄI j * ^^^[^nuumër^m horrid 1 j scribe ; particularly Allen, who, it appears. ! from the situation in winch lie was found, | was endeavouring to save the lire of Mrs. \\ . I , as they were bat a few feet apart Neither the bodies of the children or that of Nick ersnn had been found on I r.day night last, ; and little hope ot their ever being found, as 1 many nf the inhabitants ot the neighbour ] hood had used their utmost exertions for , j that purpose. I he writer of thc letter above alluded to gives the loi owing additional particulars of , this truly melancholy event I he place is j most awful past describing byanv one. ! f : ■ I should say the mountain had »al.cn on et- , ther side, perhaps I should not say loo much. ; I he sides of t ie mountains have come in contact for nearly two miles m length, which ; has raised the bed of the river many fett - ; From the best ca.culation we could make.! the slide «hieb swept off Mr. Willy s family was the last that came from that part of the mountain: it started directly back of the ! house, two hundred rods up the mountain,. and came down in a body within four or six j teet of the house; it tlien divided and one putt went a few feet south and the other 1 north of the house and took with it about 30 i 1 lee* «'t the stable ; the two wings immedi I ately dosed in front of the house. In all pro bability the most of the family if not all of l them were in bed, for most of their clothes were found lving as is usual on retiring «t i night. At this awful moment, amidst tliun- ■ derings of rocks, the crushing of trees and ! rushing of mud and water, these nine souls Red out of the house for refuge. But, alas ! 1 destruction wastiieir lot ; for when they had ! come to thc door the two wings of the slip . were ready to receive them—a horrid sight ; —an awful scene—who can think of it and I not sigh—whose eves could look- upon thc spot and not overflow with tears.' ! 'Flit Boston Courier savs, the house of Mr. S about two miles below the Notch. The defile below hi»dwelling and thence up to the Notch was verv narrow, and the mountains on either side of such a height, that one could not look at their steeps many seconds without a painful sensation. Tlie slide whicli fell from thc mountains on the 26th of June lodged within a few rods nf his 1 house. The editor passed through thei Notch on the 17th of July, and spent about two hours at Mr. Willey's, where he dined in company with two or three friends, and I received shelter from a heavy thunder show- • er. We have seldom seen a more interest-J There were several children; I which was a boy eight or nine i All appeared remarkably intel- ! ligent, well-behaved, contented and happy. ' The mother was their instructor, as mothers I should always be. To our inquiry whether ! she was not terrified when the slip came down, she replied, Yes—and had caught two of her children in her arms to escape dotvn thevalley ; but she soon perceived by thc di rection it took, that it woukl not touch their house. She addedthat she did not feel there was any more danger of their being buried a live by these slides than there was ot the strangers who passed through the Notch suf fering the same fate; and expressed a perfect reliance on the protection of Providence, and an acquiescence in whatever they might be ordained to bear. Virtuous and interesting woman! if the fate we fearhas overtaken thee wlio, coming from the West Indies, had been : a quarantined. At eight o'clock on the even ing of the next day, Malepar was permitted to land—at halt past 8 he was apprehended and thrown into prison—at nine he paul the money demanded, (about $1500) was freed —and at ten he was several miles from Ha vi e, having fled with the same precipitation that has characterized many of his former movements. His hasty flight was, as usual, a fortunate one, as arrangements were mak ing by empowered agents to collect from him other and larger debts. ! Willv ing family, the eldest cf years old. and thy innocent babes, we cannot doubt that i Providence sustained thee in the last horrible moment, which nature shuddered to antici pate, & has granted tlie fruition of thv hopes, Philadelphia paper • • PutiinsirHiA, June r, 1774. O/i niUiamHornby'sputting up the signof Dr. Franklin, at the South West Corner tj IValnut and Fifth Street*. Attend, ye Sons of Freedom, to the call, Here, worthy Franklin doth invite you all : Come view your patriot! father! and your friend 1 And toast to Freedom! and to Slavery's end. Come feel the power of hiaethereal blaze! His 'lectric magic will your spirit raise. Here, here, lie waits, his spirits pure invite, T' imbibe true Freedom, and assert your H.ght; Then cease ... fear, nor grovel here below, But soar aloft: above the impending ilovv , ^ Here Frecdomblooms, and jovs [hat neler fade: Freedom will ease the burden from the soul, And freely Hornby fills th' inspiring bowl. - 'Presence of mind in a boy— Monti*» li- c Fit—August 29.—As Mr. jihn Clark and j V h. s SO n, a lad eight years of age, were at 1 work hi Mr. Keeth's Factory, in Barre, the | bov stepped upon apiece ofplank in the floor which tipped up and instantly let him down on the arms and floats of a tub-wheel which j propels the machinery of the factory, and J then under a full head of water. ; The father who was near saw his son fall; : and in agony sprang tohis relief. Alter ma- j king a number of unsuccessful attempts to draw his child out by the feet (in which case he would Jmvc been iuevitahly crushed to atoms between the arms of the wheel and the sl( . epel . s 0 f t he flo or.ther e being butjnst sl 'tr,cient for him by lying fiat on his , I f ace to pass under the sleepers. In «his sit uatjnn t ' h( . , a( , crit . s t0 llis agonized father, , say!i _.. Don't be scared Pa, but shut the j gate ai soon as you tan." The father shut the gate, and the boy af iter riding round on the wheel in a dark | gloomy, and perilous situation, some twenty I ! or thirty times is by his father taken ont un- j j hurt from the same hole where he fell in. i 1 I hc feelings of the parent in this case can I ' be better imagined than described. He was j ! so murh agitated bv fear that he knew but i : little what he was about, and with difficulty | found the gate to stop thc water.— Patriot. I j __ I » ] a( i v Bvimfield Mass, has m a little i t hân six s ears became the 'ino'her of ' s ; sons t ; lL . l lav ii>«r been born .Sent I ... j •iievouneest Fell " tsoh!_ ■ all(l t i irv bear the'following VninosiiiK „ am ,. s S IM mroe. Thomas Jefferson ( j . r ,,„ Wa-hineton John Adams Aaron ry,. t a favettc and Simon Bolb-u- 'Success attend them,' ami may the sevudh be nam e ,i Mmnocrite " ' _ q CHINESE WAI.I. ; According to a statement iii the Morgen : the celebrated Chinese wall was erect 1 td .,j 3 v( . a1 . s i)cfo '„ e t)ie n f a . „ a ; nsl t) ; c Mongulese. It is 714 miles long 14 : fei . t thick, ami 26 feet high ; so that with the ' 1 sa " ie materials, wall one foot in thickness ! and 22 in height might be carried twice ™" d ^ 1 Tn the Court of Sessions, in New York, on ! * b <-' 8tbtllL ' clt rk called the name ol j | f l V s S tP ''V 1 nv rfoXs wh^ . I ^ fa '^ eabn h cap hc a " n ^ 'j 'aii 1 indirtn m ! 1 1 Hiè X : , h ! n wu et j. t . n e ; c k a n e 1 ^ q, is ion w lu tl.u 1 e w a^ j s«> ! °' ] " P 1 '»S w' mh rte ai sn ered,, Lord, hu, I moot the Uni t. Is not joui ; , mime James \\ ilsr.n r said the clerk. Nr, | ■■on ' n^fovhst'svc vnu i , box for >" "F,n ' - ou, a,.il «/hat me t on m t ie box toi . Im.^ the man tn.it had the goods stolen. | j .,.„"7" ,, . ; f : n n ,.',,f b ' V ! ,5 v w r ' , ' , • t 1 "'•••< > •)«' • (•;>'• ,g " d Th n l 1 1 ; m, '• dogy on John Adams and 1 homus [«J 1 »""- . 1 Lutu from Mr. -efieiso. to Mi. Adams, on the ; i- ,«,« . ^rs mvdear friend an * Pj"";- pap-.s, my deal tuend, an- . nounre f|,c event Winch your letter ! October Sût!. . had given mo ominous fore- | boiling. I ried myself in the school of atfiic- j j «"n. hy the lost ; of every form ot connection which «:an r:ve thehuman heart, I know well im«! feel what you have lost—what you have . i suffered—arc suffering—and have yet to en- ! ( I l| ve. 1 . The same trials have taught me that for j l *H S immeasurable, time and silence are ! the only medicines. 1 will not, therefore, by ! i useless condolences, open afresh the sluices ■ of your grief, nor, although mingling sincere-1 ! 'V. m V tears with yours, will I sav a word more, where words art vain ; hut that it is ! 1 n f S0 ™ F comfort to us both, that the term is ! not very distant, at which we are to deposit, . *'ie same cerement, our sorrows and our ; suffering bodies ; and to ascend in essence, I to an ecstatic meeting with the friends wc have loved and lost, and whom we shall still ! love and never lose again. God bless and support vou under vorn- lieavv afflict inn. THOM AS J EFFEUSON. - Tt is denied, by authority, in thc latest London papers, that the British Government will advance any sums from the public trea surv towards the relief of the distressed ma nufacturers, tlinugh the ministers approve I 1 and second thc plan of general and voluntary j subscription. - Gilbert Horton, the reader will recollect, ! I was lately advertised at Washington to be I • sold as a slave, to pay his jail fees; and as ' he asserted that he was a freeman, from I Pcckskill, a meeting of thc citizens of West- ! i ehester county,Kew York, was to take place I ! 0,1 tlie 30th ultimo, to investigate the merits | ' °* tlic case - The citizens assembled agree I to the call, and evidence was submitted | ! to the «lieeting which affords unequivocal I proof of the freedom ot said Horton. The evidence is to be transmitted to the gover nor > w ' 10 * s requested hy tiie meeting to de mand from the proper authorities the instant liberation of Horton, as a free citizen of tlie state of New-York, a be : a scat with thy .ove d little ones, on these «.c- lcstia. mountains not subject to the wrick of matter or the crush ot worlds.. " , ..._ - , , The following is copied verbatim from an old : It may save some trouble to the citizens of the State of New York, who have inter ested themselves in the matter, to state that Gilbert Horton, a colored man, taken up here on suspicion of being a slave, has been set at liberty several days ago, in conse quence of evidence of his freedom being transmitted from New York.— j\at. Intel. The Coal Trade of the Leliigh is now bc ginning to « orne fairlv into «'peration. Dur ing tiie present season, up to the 31st of Ju ly, 22,338 tons of coal havebeen transport ed from the mines to Philadelphia, here it meets a constant demand either for home consumption or exportation to New York. A correspondent of the Bucks County Pa triot observes, that rattle snakes, found in great profusion in the barren mountains of that quarter, have become an article of com mercial speculation, both extensive and pro Stable. A person who had made 70/. stcr ling on seven rattlesnakes which he carried to h'ngland, has since placed several hundred dollars in the hands of individuals, to be in vested in good sound merchantable rattle snakes. _ . , T , ■ wr ( 1 he little P mcess .1 Be. a M ,ua da »loria, el ms < "i , .. ■ P 1 ' Apruiast" She's to be Queen of Portugal, | and tobe married to her uncle Michael, pro : vided the Constitution, sent by the Emporor j to the Portuguese, is accepted. Princi Mi c | ia el, second son to the late King, John 6t)i, ! , V /ill be twenty-four in October next. j " —- | We understand, says the Natintiu* Journal, ; that Mr. Daw kiss, the British Commission to the Congress at Panama, left that place upon the adjournment of Congress, and has returned to Enplaud. H »th his Secretaries had dit-d at l'anama. The Dutch Commis sioner hud gone to I.a Vera Cruz, with the view ot being on the spot, as is supposed, at | the ve-assemhhng ot the Congress, in the j tVrritorv ot Mexico. ' _ ^ v , n " pr .,. | . ,-sAMI.S Ol I f.ACl ... | , A sn ' d - I'^'tu the time of the leg.s.a ! of m , ust ° ll,e be b ™* £ * r | cl . ally CHiblj' y cd ' t changint the tiam.s of P lac£ s- ? ll Ç Middlelnin(0.) J , na '' n | s a) s ■ lhe , re ar ? >» »hat state 27 'Unions, 21 W ash- . ln .>j; on *' ^ aynes, as_ many .Monroes, i „ ,. |U f, at rna 'l y '' ' Jetteisans, i s I Jacl *' I m ' "a hi the leek I hi,™ ; ( ) I1C 1 y taiieu , a staU ' - We observe by an article in the New Or-! leans Mercantile Advertiser of the .Mil ult. j that a gentleman of that city istinw success bldy engaged in restoring " to society and to ^ M ie 'T *'' e,lds ' nic '" and women who were j s ' nb ' n B under the pernicious consequences | excessive drinking." According to tnat : P a l )Fr — j Mr : I - f ' isPail 1,a ? radically cured five ! w hite adults, lour colored, and 15 sla.ts.— Amon S tbe number thus operated upon, j were ot.c or two.pci sons wliotn drinking had j made mad—and several presented the most shocking appearances in bloated limbs. Mr 1 /.oiseau has now thirteen patients under his l,am,s I a P a, t of . whom it will take three | weeks to cure, whilst others may be dischar- j ged iu ten day s. 'L he wages of a physician i s " valuable, who tint only restores the body U> «H its wontedHunctmtts, hut also reclaims tbe " ob c farjllt '" lit tbe "'»''»-the wages | °, f M .r. L'mm are graduated according to ; ^ ^ b,m * ! , Jenaer of F, iday ! j „eVhhnu'rhood "tor s.wer.'ry , ear«" l wi's : found dead on Sunday last, near the Donegal j cross road will, a strap around his neck and 'a-.u ned to a sapling lie had been gam bHng and lost all Ills money, which, it is sup- ! j l|f drr , vc . him t() .k-speration and suicide, A ^ warning to beware of the allurements ; of tllisvj£( . | ' New fortifications arc arreting by the Bri Im.^ al Q act> , c Montre il GreviUc Kings | t &1 . in Canada.—'Those at Quebec are ; upon a scale of "strength, durability, and ' magnificence hardly to be surpassed bv any 1 '>t b *r fortifications in the British posses sjons „ S000()00 are ap|)1 , )1)r i ateil at ' wtiich 1 60.600 Ire expended every year. -* The total amount ol lumber that has at rived at All.anv, primipallv from Chau,,,-i . ; „ . ^ ' ' . ' V ' ', l 4 *' ' ' . | September, m-dant. five days inclusive, i : j ! )nP '! ■ '.("!! "' t,ü '■ b 0 | b: ^ " r,,ved !:t Albauy lUl "^ tb ' : i T ' u -• . - — I ! The first vesvl built in New FnglatiJ 1 wav a shallop or lar,;< ' ■■oat. in i.nioli they j sailed along the coast ot Cape Cod, to Bos ! ton harbour. Cape Ann, and even to Kenne ! bee. The next was «me much larger, built at Mistic, bv Gov. Winthrop, 1631. This was 40 or .40 tons, and called "Blessing of the Bay." In 1636, the Salem people built a vessel at Marble harbour of 120 tons And 1641, the people of Plymouth limit an other of 50 tons. _ ,. )r ., x , _ t ., . , 1 , ° ; U< ' 0 ' N . u ", ' s - 0, i i a not c.uns ioni .apt. . a *"!*' who »mvecl at Quarantine, Boston, on ,V ' I " £!, l Iay wet . k ' • 1 ' omlu " t 'r, IB- that on ! bc .?.-; d ^' y an ,, ' t ; ,,,ded In,u ' -n,, ; t!,m -' no ! 1 " Ac Blacks^ n , cal , -hat place to destroy the , * h ' te mhab,touts luu. te en ir-uiu-ra! and, ' ,, c T a ! cal ler * i app* fhem.ed, 1* np- ■ f." ", enil,,, 'T', 1 ' 1 '! ,*!' u,,: »IH, t ,c <lnors cl ' '''habitants j I a * '? y „ ,)asS f' „ on u 'cro.ul to l or, «a-, and give j j a ' a,an " * U T' . a,Kl as . ,ie « «'ite people I hw n V'Tf " Te" T'™'" li Ä ! ' ' P^n mto ilKct, and the white* , I p tü V nC , VW" 0 V ie - , ' ,, a ! cs . t * once » a ! ivi il '. cn ru<ih lul ; J ! y' e ur! ; 1 ' l,îl1 /"'j' | ! ♦V*J U m ? 01 tlui there (.eposited, . I r KS Î!V . llestr °y ali whitus. | \ ■' W,ie » ot t . i , P 1 L) ilck ». .*.* ., 1 ,nL ' u iu,mastcr ' A "v J»u- ; | * Bre 1 ttt I "''.V n °'. e e ,'" ' v 10 r *T cl . onrioubtt-illy be executed when tlie '-aptam ticneral, who was : daliy expected, arrived from tlie city of Porto Rico, seems they had this plot in view tor five months previous. It From a lute French Magazine. CURIOUS MICROSCOPIC ANIMALS. The credit of the invention of the micro scope is claimed for two Hollanders—Hart soeker and Leuwenhoeck ; but the improve ments which have since been made, could not at first have been at all anticipated. M. St. Vincent hâs devoted much attention to the most minute animalcule which the mi croscope has yet succeeded in rendering vi sible, and a memoir containing his observa tion, has been published in Paris ,, convinced of the yet imperfect nature of magnifying glasses. "Buy a good micro, scope, says he, " take the trouble to look into it, do not suppose you can sec everv thing, and above all, do not imagine Urn your knowledge embraces the whole extent of nature. He begins his description with notices of the most minute and simple ot the animal culte— the Monade, or living point, one spe" cies of which is so small, that under a mag. nifying power of a thousand, it appears no larger than "the hole made by the finest needle in a sheet of delicate paper." The shu/ieless insects offer the most surprisine phenomena under the microscope, and real ; ze t | le fable of Proteus, by their wonderful banges of form. Others exhibit feelim. tllou | llt „„j instinct l)f H peculiar chaSS?, they ,„nvc about in a single drop of water* a " il ^viniming in an ocean, and wage war mnong, them selves with the greatest activi *■ 1 ly ba .' e d . lso lbe facuby ot separat "f. tbe ' r bod.es ... several pieces, each of wbllb becomes a distinct animal. In ascend ing the scale ot being, some ot tl.e subjects wear short hairs like eye lashes, which they can move with rapidity. Others show signs ot var.ots organs, at first merely sketched, «»d afterwards fully developed, approach perfection ot animals. .. _ _ v l [ l . ^ e * ce ; thc memoirs of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society, is a pa ! >er ** 0 * in **• . an9 » which states 1,1 substance,that posts in tence will labt much longer tor setting them^ith their tops (down. In a note on this article, the Hon. Hicliard Peter says, " I have experienced the truth ot the fact above stated. I do not pretend accurately and satisfactorily toac count for it. I conjectured, that by revers lng the vessels m which the sap had been accustomed to circulate, whilst the tree was in life, the moisture drawn up by the sun, in vcsst ls of even dead timber, was impeded by tlie reversed positions. Had the posts been - a , s tbey generally are, placed with their ' U «"ds downwards, the'vcssels designated for . cll ' CLl ' at ' cn S »P. "''gbt be filled with motsture from the air or earth. However fanciful this conjecture may appear, the fact mentioned by Mr. Evans is important, and proved in many instances." - PORTUGAL.—The new Portuguese tui nistry is thus composed :—Ministcrforfor cign attairs, D. Silvester Pinlievre Fercira, now at Paris; Minister for the Interior, M Barattas ; of Justice, M. Geraldrs, chancel lor at Oporto; of war, M. Cauia ; and of Ma rine, Admiral Quintella. Mr. Baradas was conservator of the univer.'ty of Coim bre, and. iu that office was highly esteemed He is a native of Brazil, and was once a mi nister of King John 6th. M. D'Aloizaa is distinguisbed by prudence and talents. He was formerly minister of finances at Brazil, and was left near his son by King John ütli when he leturned from Brazil. He is a na tive of Portugal. General Cauia was ap pointed a rainbter at Brazil on the day of the publication of the Portuguese constitution He is an officer highly distinguished by his knowledge and writings. M. Pmhevre Feir ÄÄÄÄ ^ cf ^eign affairs at Lisbon under the Quintella was formerly minister of tlie inte rior of King John VI. and was also minister »( the Marine under the certes. M. Giral «les was exiled to Africa at thc time of tbe reaction of Bemposta. It was by a decree nf the Emperor, issued at Brazil, that the new administration was instituted. All those who compose it arc known for their modera t j 0 „ am i their attachment to the representa live system. On the 13th inst. this decree was carried into execution, and the new charter was p romulgated. From the 2d to the 7th there was some effervescence, bat without any serious result. The batalliou No. 7. influenced by factious persons, who have opposed the constitution, but the batal linn No. 8 promptly restored order. When Sir Charles Stuart landed, an immense mul titude ducked upon the banks of the Tagus, and saluted him with reiterated acclamations. Crits s£ " the charter forever «" resounded ; , u i- ' 1 f . .».i; m al dueam. s. On the day ot tue pu . a " L 0 ,... i ' ,1 ,'' * t J b ^ , P ral!e'-l'for the K , C , ttVrà' ,? P ÄthJmu Lir'/f v'ti'-i' 1 «. .r>'- -I s/n the Kin-vr , ri- . • la.^ti ,.'i im /«r Pol. e re ' 1 î' 1 J ' ' ji" 1s peu a t s par.it ee s , V* f b . . i . ' C . i,t„)a , an, is at Uporto issueil a prou n '[ , ,s 1 on . p ,' t(> "nnounce the. cohb i • . :™ ul 'S ni *"™ lo defentl it with fidelity, T he same sentiments prevail through« ut ■•.1 , ® P r . ovincFS "* t!u ' kingdom. A f> • ,c " e r trom Lisbon states that the • ■ anibassartor P)' 0 P os ud to the diplomatic butiv f 1 M ,r !? t : s ? against toe 1 ortuguese cli.nK I lie British minister replied firmly that a step was so unaccustomed in the right ot nations, and such an attack upon the autlioi it y of kings, that he telt it his duty to tepc the proposition. The French a nbassaifii and the other foreign ministers then alistalii «*>• The French minister urged Sir Charles Stuart very strongly to exert Ins mfluenci tn have the publication of the charter po»« poneil until he, the ambassador, should « ceive instruction from France; but a«' Charles replied that he could i.oX enter m* S u<.h combiaatio quilitv prevails at Lisbon, H is stated that shortly after 1,1 Iisb '"' [»..lure ol Queh z to p:»v Queen Mother; hat she him. 11 ms diplon.ati i: is at*»-« portanuunctions at I .islua . ai.«! Comt, who will icturn tu M.idn j s su j l ] i t | ie title of Ambassador f.str.**" dinary and Mediator of II. li. M. In-twec« the two governments of the Peninsuln I, Iran 'The most pen Hit 1 1 lie repaired bis respect! reused to r : to Sir II TIIE NICARAGUA Y CANAL. aivl The project ot* uniting the Atlantic Pacific oceans by an artificial channel, trow the Gulf of Mexico to the opositc coast, hîjs for more than a century been a favorite spe culation of enterprizing minds. The vas economy of time and peril which such 11 scheme would necessarily produce, b' i '* cn '. listed in its support many who were not likely to hc attracted by the chances of pc' sotialprofit. Hence it is that we can scarct ly take up a book relating to that district <■• country called Central America, wit l°" meeting a discussion of the subject, recent times, since the Spanish dominatir-, ( under which no useful or generous ente prise could ever be commenced) swept away, the project lias been re-ag"-; ed, with greater virances.of success In iner has