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The Wilmingtonian, and Delaware advertiser. [volume] (Wilmington, Del.) 1825-1827, November 30, 1826, Image 1

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AJVD DELAWARE ADVERTISER.
Published, every Thursday by WILLIAM A. MRJtDRKHALL
No. 81, Market-st. (three doors above the Farmer's Bank,)—'t7"where Subscriptions, Jobs and Advertisements, will be gratefully received. ,£ß
NOVEMBER 30,1826
No. 10
VOL. IV.
TERMS' Aiivbutiskmksts not exceeding
one square will be inserted four times for one
jollixr and 20 cents for each subsequent inscr
turn.. '.If continued for three months, $2 5Ü —for
r.'-x months, $4 50; or for one year #8.
rry Subscribers are entitled to (he privilege of
ving their names, place of residence, and occu- s
nation, inserted in the Register, «arris. I
TERMS OF REUSERlPTIOft.--Ta those j
who-receivc this paper by mail, itvo thillarr, and * fl
those wliod , not, lion dollars and tire nty-five enitr. '
a year, is invAsrn: IfnotpaUl in advuiKi-, Î2 50 j w
will be charged! and if not paid before the expi
ration of the year. S3. ■
dj'NoSubs'U'iption will be diseontimicdunless
' reek's notice is giver, and all arrearagesnre ^
a
a
| *
1
I
1
nv
!
c
I
bv
1
a
7
f wo v
paid.
sex
METRICAL FRAGMENTS.
I would not bind thy wayward heart,
With tyrant bonds, believe me,
If beauty or tlae wiles of art
Should tempt thee e'er to leave me;
I'd never
Endeavour
To chain thy love, if ever
Aliev.' delight should win thy soul,
And make thee wish toseicr.
I'd hid thee go and happy be,
on though lamented,
And care not what became of me,
So thou wert but contented;
And ne'er, love,
Where'er, love,
Tliou roamest, should my prayer, love,
Be wanting fur thy peace—and tide
Should save me from despair, love.
No murmur from my lips should fall,
No tear betray my sadness;
I'd be the very last of all,
To check thy bosom's gladness.
And oh! love,
My woe, love,
Thott should never know, love,
Mr grief, like Mole's* deep hidden stream,
In scores;/ should flow, love.
That beautiful and hallow'd spot,
Where oft we met and parted,
I'd seek,—by all the world forgot,
Resigned, though broken-hearted;
And when, love,
The glen, love,
Whose every path we ken, love,
Lay hush'd beneath the dews of night,
I'd weep our parting then, love.
And I would linger near the shore,
That bounds the glassy lake, love,
And think I heard thy plashing oar
The slumbering waters wake, love:
The meeting,
The greeting,
Two fond hearts warmly beating
With rapturous and wild delight, ;—
Oh! why should joy be fleeting?
I've borne for thee a father's curse,
A mother's aching sigh, love—
And tliou wilt never leave me thus,
In solitude to die, love:
Without thee,
Without thee,
I could nut live without thee,
And yet 'twere sweeter far to die
Than five with tliec and doubt thee.
!
I
Foi
'ill l hind thy heart
Then never
With tyrant bonds, believe me,
If beauty or the wfies of art
Should tempt thee e'er to leave ny:
I'd never
Endeavour
To chain thy love, if ever
A new delight should win thy soul,
And make the wish to sever.
•A river at Surrey, which disappears at Box
hill, and runs under ground for several miles.
Sjiecimens of the Poetry nf the .Qtlantic Souvenir
for 18-'7.
BURIAL OF THF. MINNISINK.
On sunny slope and beechen swell,
The shadowed fight of evening fe ll ;
And when the maple's leaf w as brown,
With soft and silent lapse came down;
The glory that the wood receives
At sunset in its golden leaves.
Far upward in the mellow light,
Rose the blue hills—one cloud of white
Around a far uplifted cone
In the warm blush of evening shone;
An image of the silver lakes
By which the Indi
But soon a funeral hymn was heard,
Where the soft breath of evening stirr'd
The tall gay forest—and a band
Of stern in heart and strong in hand,
Came winding down beside the wave
Tolay the reel chiefin his grave.
They sung—that by his native bowers
He stood, in the last moon of flowers,
And thirty snows had uot yet shed
Their glory on the warrior's head;—
But as the summer f uit decays—
So died he in those naked days.
A dark cloak of the roebuck's skin
Covered the warrior—and within
its heavy folds, the weapons made
For the hard toils of war were laid:—
The cuirass woven of plaited reeds,
And the broad belt of shells and beads.
Before, a dark-haired virgin train
Chaunted the death dirge of the slain :
Behind, the long procession came
Of hoary men and chiefs of fame—
With heavy hearts—and eyes of grief—
Leading the war-horse of their chief.
Stript of his proud and martial dress,
Uncurbed, unreined and riderless—
'I ith darting eye and nostril spread—
And heavy and impatient tread.
He came—and oft that eye so proud
Asked for his rider in the crowd.
soul awakes.
They buried the dark chief— they
Beslïïe the grave his battle steed—
And swift an arrow cleaved its way
l o his stern heart.—One piercing neigh
—and on tlie dead man'» plain,
'fokÉkütoai
freed
- '—-——■ -7
TIÎE iLAUlCJS' i'B.IKN'D.
77, . , . -êirruu pc
ltl.SIT.Ol I Ole . EMALEb.
Tlie following is one of the most elegant
sketches which we recollect ever to have
s eil- It is rich in figure, chaste and deli- |
cate s ty!e, and highly refined in sentiment, j
«I dislike' the man, who deliberately tri- !
fl es „dtii the affections of a woman. 1 would i
ratbcr shake hands with uhighwayman than 1 a
w j t ] l a lrcnt ] Rnian w g u |,as sacrificed to lus
Qwn vr[ -, v t j u , lifo-lonir happiness of au un
experienced girl. 1 fear this sort of conduct
never yet been sufficiently reprobated
^ fema , e3t00 ofte n betray the right of their
1.,, >■ nrnnfinir withnrkle the homaireof
a man who h J beronie notorious for the
a nun who has u • . f
/./J'nKUTV^and^Uivc could^be d'epèn^dèd'ïîpon^
who us once 1 ee-n cncl to an affectiö ate
who l,.i ona nan uac 10 « , , ^ L
woman! I hew 01 Id laughs, and stoiesol •
lyi«B Prove,bs and Stupid jests on the br ef ■
von wUl findTf your'heart'benut" banned !
* v selfishness that this will be in vain. Per
bans von had*110 intention ot being serious,
you only flirted, tried to be agreeable and to
{ion that'your bèravio^onidbf m\°scoTsTru
rsrsïïi
\z icyd .nation ot a JaZT I
nv be !o fo7tl,ere i!a"«cent tu the hell
of'!ihmtion °thouch that descent is perni
c om J c is! and P
ciou .ly cas), and „
".\cmo rejier.tr, fuit turjimimus;
but what if, while you were meaning nothing,
I your trifling created anguish, your sport be
came death io the poor object of it? When
bv exclusive attentions you have excited a
regard; by the developement ot talent or by
the display and devotion of personal graces
you have fascinated the mind and the heart
when by the melting and the sinking eye;
tlie faulte ring voice, the fervid tone, the re
1 taine Ä'c-Ärh«r
(done this in the mio blood of vanity and it
a distant courtesy{ or an expression of sur
tlll . „vnnrtffl ertWts of vour civilitv
Lwill you be able to qiîiet your conscience
... •: , W,!1 VHM s ,M-n 0.1 HU arinirr. of
7 1 . n,V 1 lie of vorn- own' What if'the
tools and a lie of^ you ow. Wha^; f the
_ w hose p-urdé'i voù have blast
ed with mildew and rust—whose heaven von
, . I f 'i i, ' i
have darkened forevti moi e—shall suffei in
silence, striving to bear her sorrow, praying
for cheerfulness, pardomng w.thout forget
ting you, till the worm has eaten through to |
the life, and the body ,s emaciated which
you have led .a the dance, the voice broken
on which you have hung, thetace wan which ;
you have flattered, and the eyes frightfully
bright with a funeral lustre which used to
laugh radiancy and hope and love when they
gaxed upon you? W hat if a prouder tern
per, a more ardent Imagination, and a s run
^tience «d reiktosnes^of amTm-il
L hasty and loveless marriage should be the
rack of her soul, or the provocative ot her
Is there mandrago,-a could drug you to |
sleep while tins was on your memory, or :
does there really live a man who could tu
"Sftf " ,tr - !
vertun et mutaUle temper j
..._ Ftemina."
O, believe it not ! For the dear sake of our '
household gods, call it and cause it to be a j
lie' Be ye sure that coquettes are the refuse j
of their sex, and were only ordained to cor- '
respond with the coxcombs ot ours. 'Vo
men have their weaknesses, and plenty of j
them, but they are seldom vicious like curs;,
and as to their levity of heart, who shall;
compare the worldly skin-deep fondness °*' 1
a man with the one rich idolatry of a virtu-j
girl? A thousand thoughts distract, a
thousand passions are a substitute for the de
«« P-p™o ;
sex
I
vou
-ci
ous
_to be loved the consummation—to be faith
ful tlie religion of a woman; it is her all in
all, and when she gives her heart away, she
gives a jewel which, if it does not make the
wearer richer than Croesus will leave the
giver poor indeed."
From the Western Du/nnce.
MODERN PILGRIMS.
In the Summer ot 1818. a company of peo
ple, calling themselves Pilgrims, appeared
descending the Mississippi, in a flat-boat.—
By their own account they started from
Lower Canada, in a company consisting of
In Vermont they recruited
eight or ten.
twenty or thirty; in the state ofNew-York,
several more—and when they reached Cin
cinnati*!, their numbers amounted to about
sixtv
Their leader, a Canadian, by the name of
Bullard, (called also by his followers the
prophet Elijah) was of a diminutive stature,
with a clubfoot. Before he began his mis
sinn, he bad a severe spell of sickness, when
he fasted forty days (as he said and his dis
ciples believed;) after which he recovered
very suddenly, by the special interposition
of the Divine Spirit, and being filled with en
thusiasm, he declared that he was commit
ted to plant the church of the redeemer in
the wilderness, and among the heathen,
From these notions, thus imbibed, and whicli
he instilled into his followers, they believed
themselves capable of fasting forty days;
accordingly when they committed them
selves to S the current, the prophet enjoined a
forty dav's fast. The people becoming sick
andin great distress from hunger, this se
verc commander found it necessary to remit,
in some degree the rigor of his injunction,
and he permitted the taking of flour broth
through a quill, because he received his food
in this way after his long sickness and fast,
when he could not open his jaws; and which
fleet taken by him for
vivifvin
i
the gruel allowed was very meagre, being
simply flour and cold water, debility, mise
ry and death attended the experiment. Yet
with faith and hope they persisted.
In this wretched situation, they arrived at
Pilgrim's Island, which derives its name ;
from this fact; at which place they were ,
fallen in with by a barge belonging to Nash- |
ville, whose crew, detesting the conduct of
the prophet and his seconds, who watched j
a "d governed the timorous multitude, gave,that
two or three of the leaders a sound drubbing
with the pliant cotton-weed switch. |
They next landed at the Little Prärie. —
The prophet's staff, which bv the direction
ef it*/«« had hitherto pointed out the way, j
now stood still; and lie declared that here
be was commanded to settle and build a
o|, ut . c h_Rut Mr Walker who owned the
sofl, aîid resided in this^ulitary spot forbid |
the undertaking. This was accounted per
L l)CUtion vet thev continued seven days,
• ' *. . * . v . .
^ 'Ä w!re "K on the
! beach by their parents, at the cummand of
Elijah; when, exposed to the scorching sun,
they wallowed holes in the sand, while they
struggled away the agonies of death. While
to.! Useemthe")- began wsuspeetthauhey
were forsaken by the Divine Spirit und that
no more miracles could be wrought for them.
Hence they commenced the cry of "Oh my
God. why hast thou forsaken me'" When
by assisting each other, the vociferating cry
w > as net intermitted for three days and
niait •
Thev stonoe 1 further down at a desert
, ace where 6 or 8 more died, whose bones
% lie on the shore uncovered. And all
who remained, when they arrived at Helena,
w here objects of horror and compassion,
T he hospitable inhabitants furnished them 1
, plenti fS| supply ofn.dk and more nourish- !
J rue l, for taking which everyone was
„.„vided with a niece ot reed cane !
Th t f äs i
c^is brother! and other leaders being dead,
d ** P g ]
V* * , _ „,,,4,. . 1 i'w.'vt;.. I
, theh membeis decreased daily^y !
sissijjp», inui ucmuciif uci uhcu u i ly uy
Heatli or desertion And when tlicj made
their final landing, only about 1, remained.
®!'f "* c 'P' e t ' 0 P e1 ' 'd tlu Li e '''"f*
l v , lth -HI ti' c cash belongmg te the compaiy.
Une child was rescued heic and ai. td, S . -
oral individuals who were dispersed in van
0U8 directions are now comfortably settled,
bttt it is supposed that more than half their
| mlmbel . died on the pilgrimage.
This fete ot folly and delusion is perhaps
worthv of notice, of furnishing a striking in
; stance of the blindness of credulity—the wil
iderness of fanaticism, and the miserable
propensity of the mind, to believe itself pos
SCSS ed of powers which do not belong to hu
manity.
-
manity.
- ...
TRADE IN DEAD BODIES
London, Oct. If
On Tuesday last a singular and
ing discovery was made in this tow,,. On
the preceding afternoon, three casks were
shipped oh board the Latona one ot the
STMT $$ ÄXB S
the shipping note, as containing bitter suits.
As they arrived at the vessel late m the
{{ojJ ^the^men in tending to^ stow them à
• . ' Ued earU , ut f the next m0 rning.
A r >ô,. dbic)v tb e next morning the crew
cde {j w ' iUl wovk; b „t riie stench
' , sk Q
" 1 that they speedily desisted and
, , V(;d bl t0 ' await th J e a ! ri val of the captain ;
f , t . , he ra „ks awav. When
the rantnin arrived lie was informed of the
P and his own olfactory nerves
Z. ZnZrl'cl J F nutsance which
' . , board his vessel He
"fasisäirÄSd»
had been put into it, and thrusting his hand
into the cask, was astonished to find, nota
chymical preparation, but a fleshy substance.
No doubt now remained of the contents of
the cask. On opening one, it was found to
contain a number of dead bodies, of men,
women, and children, all dry salted, in or
der to preserve them from putrefaction.—
The two remaining casks were, on exami
nation, found to contain dead bodies also,
preserved in a similar manner, ami making
with those in the first cask, not less than 11.
Information ot the disgusting discovery hav
ing been sent to tlie police, Boughey, an ac
tive officer, soon discovered the carter in
'
the vesse **
day afternoon, a man hired him on the stand
at tlie Dry Dock and that he loaded his
cart with the casks from a cellar under the
school room of the Rev. J. Macgowan n
Hope-st. 1 he ofocerimmedwtely piweed
ed to the schoolroom, the dom of the cellai
underneath which he; found > oc * e "
ey then burst open the door an« entere 1
the place. On examining the cellar, three
casks and three sacks, completely filled with
dead bodies, were found. A i umbel of
empty casks were also found, and two oth
ers fall of rough salt. Three canvass diess
es hung against the wall, and « v e>y thing
denoted the place was the nightly jende
vouz of a gang ot resurrection men, who had
here deposited, the fruits ot their depreda
tions on the abodes ot the dead. 1 here were
no less than 22 corpses m the cellar. Those
found in the sacks were quite fresh and ap
peared to have been exhumed in the course
of the proceeding night All the dead bo
dies found in the cellar and on board the
Latona, amounting to 33, namely--15 men,
ten women, five boys, and three girls—were
conveyed to the dead house, anci atter an m
hose cart the casks had been conveyed to
The carter stated that on Mon
interred on Tuesday afternoon, in the par
ish ccmetry. The stench from fhe bodies
was so great, that the air in the streets,
through which the cart that contained them
passed, was completely impregnated with
the offensive effluvia. This disgusting dis
covery has caused a deep sensation in Liv
erpool. There cannot be a doubt that an
extensive traffic in dead bodies has been car
ried on between Liverpool and Leith, and
the anatomical schools in Edinburgh
have been largely supplied with subjects
from the former, l'he casks were directe !
to Mr. G. II. Iron son, Edinburgh.
'---sweet
Fromdlie National Journal.
„ . .. . . . ,
, Tt J e ' Sketch of Constantinople, !
bas been furnished to us by an esteemed
ft'iend, is by the Count Datii.a de la Tour.
the Sardinian Consul, now residing at Al
K ,ers > an(l n * ccntl y Consul at Odessa of
whicli citv we have reason to expect, tor
H^m^.fron'hilobservations whL there,
!™ d * interesting statistical and commercial
lu ^ oimatlon *
j. sketch ot the citt of
CONSTANTINOPLE.
Excepting a few edifices of public utility
the picturesque and beaut.fu views which
''.1™^ nod the manners of its ham ants
"Hering "ois those of the most civilised ,,a
t.ons, Lonstantinople does not engage the in _
terestthat may have been felt for a city of
Mid, ancient renown. I h.s populous city,
with its suburbs, spread over several hills,
presents a perfect amphitheatre; and in up
preaching it from the Propontus or sea ot
Marmor, the panoramic view is enchanting,
I Ins picture >s diversified by houses, moschs,
cupolas, and minarets, and the trees which
arc c 'j u, 'T «here interspersed, affo d an a
S™?" 1 ' 1 ? contrast, by their verdant foliage
. I Bosphorus separates Lur fromA
su ' : ilntl lts extent froin Scander s tower,
»«ää
The town ofSsutari stands on the AsiaUc
mah the most beautiful sites, are embellish
ed with imuimcrable villas, and pleasure
!*?"**. of ta ^ r 'd ronsfrurtion, but exhib
lt matinerisvi. Four ot these villas are
orcu _j d by t | le G,. a nd Seigneur during the
u . a ' aI)t se ' sotl . The most elegant of these
palaces is the Bechik-tah, fbov/er of stone,)
w m c |, ]s s i tua ted near the city, and at the
extrc;m j ty 0 f the channel, and is the favour
; / rL . s i,i e nce of the Sultan This
'"'J' fèriresl!s To reliness from nature/
,l , iule ind è bt e 1 to the improve
" " ; nf art
! '1 f , ; d ,s S ust,ng in
, he "vrreme nwsentiiiK to the eye nothing
Ll e * oul £?.' ' ho ,; ses ," in . 0 w and ciooked
ereatnumbèrof filthy doe!,
! w drh ^meriAion «reserves }
j tV c „ onuments ' anU objects worthy of
nol | are tew. There is a bronze column
„ ui oh „mporteJ the golden tripod conse
crated to Apollo by the Greeks after the
^ c tc " J t ° f m ^ e ^* t a e t tl l ;^ i e o !; o ! r V otVlmodosÜ's
disgust-^
" t !a„s Äm^EgÄräud U
, preservation. The Turks call
P"* " ( There are numerous
f—£ Ä-jg *»ä
» f ' ü cm a fine
««rttewte ot the m n is s 1 . emat , kabie ._
This temple has been built since the six
teenth century, by|the architects Anthemius
and Isidor; it is vast in its dimensions, and has
columns of every variety of size, ot costly
'
ma rblc. . . , . . ,
The Serail, which is one of the first ob
jrcts that present m-'/attroaive
the city, possesses nothing vei} attractive,
The three palaces ot which it consists, are
in the midst of gardens which are enclosed
h high wall. They extend one league
fvorn the port to the imperial chateau ct se
residing, who belong to the suv.ee
Sultan. which this
1 he famous porte, (ga •). the illteriol . uf
empire derives its nu • , . Here are
the city, andincar to St •
exposed the heads ice alld ol | u . r
tmisof intrigue jealous) . avarice,^ ^
baneful passions. «opulafmn esti
six leagues, and contains P P _
mated at six hutidrc ■ ■
Opposite to Hie d y . Kachim-Fa
Fop-Khana, Pera, Galata, and ixacmm ra
cha.
first arc of the highest trust and importance, j
tlie faubourgs of
and Galatia, which
Tlie largest are Pera
are inhabited by foreigners ofdinerent na
tions, who are called Franks. These enjoy
the protection of the government; Pera i
the most commercial place, and is the resi
dence of Ambassadors from the European
Courts. The Drogomans, who are interpre
ters accredited by the government, belong
to the best Frank families of this faubourg,
who have been fora longtime naturalized
in Turkey,
into several classes.
These Drogomans are divided
The functions of tlie
for they communicate between the foreign
ministers and those of the Ottoman Porte
in all matters. This office requires a per
fect knowledge of various languages, and of
the usages and policy of the 1 urks. 1 here
three churches of the Catholic faith.—
are
The College of the Itch-Oglands, is tlie nur
sery of the Sultan's pages, where they are
educated until they enter the service of the
Serail.
Forests of cypress, in the environs of the
citv and faubourgs, shade the ccmetries,
which are called by the T urks, champ-des
Through the sombre and mournful
foliage of these umbrageous trees rise a vast
number of sepulchral stones, and marble
sarcophagi. In these scats of gloom, it is
morts.
i
K
ous sympathy and grief of the Musselmans
who are seen watering the flowers and young
cypress, that are to decorate the family
tomb. For the dead, the orientals attest the
deepest respect. The Armenian cemetry,
on the contrary, is the most frequented pro
menade ot Constrantinople.—Here the bFiu
monde, Turks excepted, repair to enjoy the
rural pleasures, and wander among the
tomb-stones, forgetful at once of the .death
which they commemorate, and of the sor
rows which it has caused,
The harbor separates the town and its su
burbs, and extends about four leagues to the
springs, which is a favourite resort
of the Gran f^fe s ™d h w, 1 '
wavs covered with %esse\s and mnuaa<> ra hie
batteaux. The arsenal, situated on the
eight side of the harbor, and in the extreme
su S burb , is a well constructed building. There
were nearly forty vessels of war at this
p i ace , but in bad condition. The breadth of
harbor and canal is about four hundred
There are in this city a great number of
coffee-houses, where the indolent Turks ie
sort, and continue smoking their pipes the
ly uuerfng fwordTh^g^
is peculiar to the oriental character. A
mong the Turkish cafes of Pera that of
fckhe is remarkable, deriving its name
from a neighbouring convent of Dervishes.
The Dervishes-mewtevis. Turkish monks,
are dependant on their principal convent at
Cogna, a town of Asia Minor. Theymhab
it a fine house, and live in common. Within
this house, there is a circular chapel, with
a double gallery for spectators, who assist at
the dance, winch these monks, according to
their rites, perform every I uesday and Fn
day. rhe Dervishes assemble near the ba
lustrade m the centre of the chapel, and
seat themselves on their haunches. While
in this position a hymn is sung half »n
hour, accompanied by a Persian flute, called
the first signalthey commence waltzing,
force of habit, that they are never rendered
giddy. 1 he Dervishes preach discourses,
and observe a rigorous fast every Thursday
They make vow« of poverty, chastity, and
humility; but their virtue in the two first, is
not always severe. The dress of the Der
vishes-niewlevis is very simple, consist
j ing of a cylindric cap of gray felt, a waist
coat, white petticoats, and a coat of grayish
cloth * 6
'
elgn.
1 ue Ueautilul Georgians, and lovely Cir
cassians, victims to the cruel jealousy of
their masters, are constantly confined tothe
Harem, whicli is esteemed the sacred part
of a house. If, however, fortune should
throw one of these enchanting creatures in
the way, their black stag-eyes may be seen
thro' the jackmack which envelopes their
head and face, leaving but a small opening
for their brilliant eyes. They are kept by
the ministers aud wealthier classes. The
slaves of the Grand Seigneur, who are never
gazed on by other eyes,are guarded by black
eunuchs, the most frightful of beings, under
command of their chief the K.islar-Aga, a
hiifh officer, and an important personage in
the empire.
The iitner Turkish women are not so much
restrained, as may be supposed. They are
seen walking every where, but never with
men, and always covered with the jackmack
like the pretty Georgians. They possess
the agremens of their sex, without being re
markably handsome. They speak with
great ease and elegance, and with bewitch
ing softness.
The Ottoman government evinces great
solicitude to maintain order and public
tranquility. This is due to tlie sacred
principle, that laws are the primary ne
cessities a people, and the glory of a sover
1 lie Mufti, head of the law, and the body
of Ulema, (savans) entrusted with the inter
pretation of the koran, and the laws, with
the administration of justice and public in
struction, exercise an extensive and salutary
influence over the spirit of a people, who are
ever restless, seditious, and fierce. They are
commonly excited to revolts by the corps
of Janissaries, a militia always dangerous
to tlie State, which frequently terminates
with the Ufa of the Sovereign and his minis
ters.
The conquest of this country would not be
a difficult enterprise. The defence that
could he made would be feeble, except on
the side of the sea, where there are well dis
posed batteries stretching from the Darda
nelles to the Black Sea. The naval and land
forces are in the utmost disorder. Without
instruction, they are destitute of military
spirit, and of skilful commanders, and, in
fact, of every thing necessary for defence_
These Turks are not the warriors who
fought Mnntecuculi. They are, however,
brave, and sufficiently zealous for their re
ligion to impose it upon an enemy; but they
are ignorant of the science of war, without
which, valeur and enthusiasm, are ineffectu
The present Sultan, Mahmoud, deserves
j to lie ranked among the most distinguished
sovereigns of Turkey. He is intelligent, ac
tive, laborious, ot good faith, and superin
tends affairs himself. If he was more liber
al in bis views, and was supported in them,
this country would soon rise to great pros
perity. This Monarch is also possessed of
extraordinary firmness. This important
quality enables him to oppose the dangerous
intrigues of his favorites, his honored mis
tresses, and of his courtesans. The seven
Radines or married women, which number
is fixed by law, and from whom the succes
sions to the Empire must descend, are not
called Sultanas, as is generally supposed.—
This title is only given to the sistersof the
Sultan, his aunts, and cousins. When a
sovereign ascends the throne, his mo
one of the. seven Radines, is then called
al.
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