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ni - ' ii is VOL XXXVT-NO. 49. KNOX VILLE, TENN.: WEDNESDAY. MAHCH 15, IS75. WHOLE NO. THE STATE LEGISLATURE KmiIII 'tarBirlr. Nashville, Feb. 23, lflTj. SKSATX. The following proceeding were had in the Senate : Mr. Hodge, from the Committee on Tip. pling and Tippling-houses, reported a " Local Option " bill. Mr. Boyd introduced a bill, appropriat ing $06,000 for the aid of Reboots for the blind. The Senate bill to make fraudulent ap propriation of propnrty, under Section CO, passed third reading. hoisk. In the llou.-e the following proceedings were had : Mr. Brooks offered a resolution fining the 24th of March, as the day of adjourn ment of the Legislature Mr. Matties ott'erel a resolution relative to the death of Landon C. Hayneg. A petition from citizens of Madison county was read, praying that the conven tional interest law be not repealed. Mr. Gardenhire introduced a bill making the husband liable for the debts contracted by the wife only to the extent of the prop erty received by her. The Home bill providing for the payment of the bonded bebt of the State by the issuance of Treasury notes, occupied the House in the afternoon on its third reading. Nahiivillr, Feb. 24, 1875. SE X ATE. Mr. Marchhanks eft'ered a resolution providing for tlie appointment of a Joint Committee to inquire into the expenditures of the Bureau of Agriculture. Adopted and transmitted to the House. NKW BILLS. By Mr. Quartos, providing that in the trial of causes in the Supreme Court, when tho Judges are equally divided in any Jcase, the decision gof 'the lower Court shall be considered affirmed, except where constitutional question' are invol ved. By Mr. Mosely, providing for the pur chase of State bonds by the State at less than their par value. Senuto bill to establish county work bouses, passed on its third reading. HOI'S K. House bill to enlarge the In.-ane Asylum, passed on its second reading, and was made the special order for next Wednesday. Mr. Mathcs offered a resolution inquiring into the item of $10 .575 executive expenses for the years 1S73 and 1374. Mr. McUiothlin introduced a bill to create the office of County Attorney. A resolution fixing March 24th as the date of adjournment passed. Senate resolution to appoint a committee to look into the expenditures of the Agri cultural Bureau concurred in. Senate bill taxing the losing party in civil suits with the cost of a jury passed on its third reading, and, with the approval of the Governor, becomes a law. n. The " Bottom Out " Again. A printed estimate of the current annual expenses, and the rate of taxation necessary to meet-them, is just out from the office of Stato Treasurer Morrow. According to this statement, th. tut il liabilities of the State are $23,890,!mi. The amount required for the year's expenses, and to meet the float ing debt and the interest on the bonded debt, is $2,653,502. If tlie rate of taxation is fixed at 40 ciuis uii the ono hundred lollnrs, as at present, the amount thus raised will leave n deficit of $230,5H5. Treasurer Morrow says that no rate of tax ation that may be fixed by this Legislature for 1875 will meet the debt, which must be paid, as money cm not bo brought in in timo. II'i advites a resort to temporary OHMS. II. Kashvii.lk, Feb. 25th, 1875. SENATE. .Mr. Mosely offered arculution to appiiit a Joint Committed to prepare a draft, of the most important measures before tho Legislature, in order that tho same may bo perfected. Kejected. Senate bill iixing the compensation of AHorueys General at two thousand dollars per annum was rejected. Senate bill to protect married women in the enjoyment of personal property, pissed third reading. 1IOVSE. Mr. Pollard introduced a bill to allow Houston county to issue ten thousand dollars in bonds to purchase supplies for citizens of that county whose crops failed last year. By Mr. Cooper A bill to extend the time for paying taxes for last year to No vember 15th, 1875. House bill repealing the conventional in terest law passed on its third reading by a Tote of 42 to 27. It looks now as if it will pass the Senate. Mr. Gibson's bill to provide for the col lection of the revenue abolishing the office of Tax Collector and substituting County Trustees passed on its third reading, u. Nashville, Feb. 20, 1875. SENATE. Mr. Turtey offered a resolution for the appointment of a joint commutes to which hall be referred all measures relating to the financial condition of the State. The following House bills passed on their third reading : To change the time for holding the Crim inal Courts for Knox county To give Knox county an additional Nota ry Publle. Senate bill to establish a Bureau of Ag riculture, Statistics and Mining passed on its third reading. Also Senate bill to tax dogs. House bill to repeal the Conventional Interest Law was rejected, and a motion on tored to reconsider the vote rejecting it. IIOUSK. The Senate resolution endorsing Captain Kails' plan for improving the mouths of the Mississippi was rejected. The House resolution to fix the rnieof taxation at twenty-fire reunion the hun dred dollars was discussed nil the afternoon when tlio House adjourned until 7 o'clock P. M. Judge Last made a strong speech in opposition to the resolution. Mr. Taylor muds a lengthy speech favor ire the resolution. Nasiivillk. Feb. 27, 1875. SFNATK. Mr. Morgan offered a resolution to refer all bills relative to Statu Finances to the Finance Committee, and to report a bill. By Mr. Quarles A resolution directing the Committee on Public Grounds to visit Uermilage and examine into the possibility of establishing the Jackson hospital there on. Adopted. A new bill was introduced by Mr. Hodges to abolish all Chancery Courts after Janu ary 1876, except the Chancery Courts of Davidson and Shelby counties'. Senate bill to repeal the conventional in terest law was rejected by a voto of 12 to 12, but will bo reconsidered on Monday, Blizzard voting in the negative for that purpose. . mil sk. The House bill to allow certain counties to issuo Ipmds with which to purchase sup plies for their iti.vns, passed third read ing. House resolution to appoint ti joint com mittoe to whom to refer all bills and resolu tions regarding the finances of the State, with instructions to report a bill, paised third reading. it. C'HATTANOIKIA, Feb. 27tll, 8 1. M. The water has risen live feet within the last twenty-four hours, and eleven within the last forty-eight. It is now seven feet below tho flood of 1807, nnd rising one and three-fourths inches per hour. The flood of 1847 was forty-two feet above low water mark and that of 1807 lifty-llve feet above. All the southern portion of tho city is flooded. The water is now over Market street at the corner of Eighth, nnd in the pustofuce and depots and around the hotels. The merchants on Market street have either removed or raised their goods. A strong current divides the city in halves. Several buildings nnd manufactories along the river are gooe. The steam ferry and small bunts are removing the people from isolated points. No loss of life has been reported. I have no time to say more. s. A Relief Committee has been organized. Business is entirely suspended, and all is commotion. Both of the gas works, and the water works, are submerged. People are being removed from the upper stories of buildings. Probably half the populace have been driven from their homes. The water reached the city iron manufactories this forenoon. Lookout Flour Mills were run till the water stopped tho engine, nnd furnished flour to the needy without charge. The Chickainauga Vnlley is a vast inland lagoon, extending thirty miles south. The destruction of property in that direction, as well as up and down the Tennessee Valley, is inimcn.-e. Tho storm near Dallon culminated in a regular tornado, destroying und blowing away house, barns, etc., and killing several persons. Iatku. Lockout Flouring .Mill- are on lire and will be destroyed, together with several hundred barrels of flour and ft large quantity of grain. The pasienger depot o.'' the Alabama and Chattanooga railroad has caught from the burning mills, and can not be saved. Both ore surrounded by watsr. s. LATEST. CiiATTANOoiiA, Midnight, February, 27th, The Lookout Mills are entirely burned. Tho loss is 150,000; insurance $33,000. Tho depot was saved by the united ef forts of the firemen and citizens. The loss will average $1,000. The firemen mado a connection with the hose three foet under the water, and thus saved the depot. The river is still rising at tho rate of one inch and one-quarter an hour, s. Nashville, March 1, 1875. SENATE. Mr, Polk, from the Special Committeo ti visit tho School for Deaf and Dumb at Knoxville, reported the condition of that Institutional very satisfactory. Tho House resolution to appoint a joint committee to investigate tho condition of the Bank of Tennessee was rejected. Mr. Blizzard moved to reconsider tho voto rejecting the bill to repent the Conven tional Intorost law. Bill to establish a State Normal School was r-jceted. Mr. Marye introduced a bill to create tho oflice of Solicitor General, at a salary oi $3,000, to ho appointed by the Supreme Court. HOt'SK. Mr. West introduced a bill tn exempt from taxation, for ten years, capital stock in new manufaetoiles to amount of $5,0(K. House resoultion to llx taxation at 25 cents, referred to a committee, with in structions to report. Hill sustaining Slate cridit without in creasing burdens of tlie people, and bill reducing County Courts to hall the present membership, passed its third reading. II. CONGuSsiONAL Tho Civil Rights Bill Passes tho Sonato Stemml Ncsslon forty -Till! 4 .Dsri'M Washinutiin, Fell. 27. ssjiiti:. .Mr. Carpenter spoke Against the Civil llights Hill. 'the Senate committee to sit during re cess to examine the various branches oi the civil service are Messrs. Bnutwi-li. Cciik ling, Merrimon, Katon and Allison. Resolutions from the Mississippi I.egisln ture in favor of ths Texas Pacific subsidy were presented. The civil rights bill was llnally passed and goes to the President. The amendment relieving Southern jurors of the inm-clad oath was defeated. Mr. Logan said ho would vote iu favor of the re'ief as a separate measure, but to amend the civil right- bill now would de feat it. The vote was strictly a party vote, except Messrs. Sprague, Schurz and Tipton. Many Senators were absent. I he vote stood 38 to 20. Tiie Senate evening session unimportant. The tux bill conies up .Monday as unfinished business. Messrs. Ferry of Connecticut, Carpenter, and Hamilton of Texas, also voted on the joint civil rights bill. Washington, March 1. Tho force bill was received from the House of Representatives and road n first time by tide. Messrs. Thurmun, liayarl, and ethers, ohjecled to a second reading, and it remains on the Vice-President's table till to-morrow. Tho second reading will throw it over another day. It will come up on a direct-issue Weducsday, and the ses sion closes Thursday noon. The Democrats are all determined that the bill shall not reach the Piesident. The estimated increase in revenue is; 14,000,000 from tobacco: 7,500,00 from molasses, $.',000,0011 from segars, and il2, Oeo.OOi) from whisky. Wasiiisuton, Feb. 2. tint Nr.. The force bill passed after midnight amended to limit the President's right to suspend the hnhrax corjuis to the States of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana nnd Arkaiisis, and to expire at the end of 1 wo years. Yeas, 135; nays, 111. AVasiiinoton, March 0. A motion to suspend the rules and adopt the resolution reported by the Louisiana Committee was defeated yeas 154, nays 8, not two-thirds in the aflirmativo. A similar motion to bring the resolution to a vote, directly and separately, was car ried yeas 112, nays 85, Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, being the only Democrat voting ay. The resolution recommending the resto. ration to the Louisiana Houso of Repre sentatives of the persons wrongfully de prived oi tueir seals, was theu adopted without a division; and the resolution re cognizing Kellogg as Governor till the md ol his term, was adopted by a partv voto. Messrs. Lowndes, Pierce. Senor. and Smith, of Va., voted against tho recogniz ing ol hotlogg ni uovernor of Louisiana. W AiiNGTON. Tho Fifth Section of tho Civil Bights Bill. Washington, March 1. The following is tlie hlth and last section of the Civil Rights Bill : ' Sec. 5. Thai all cases arising under the provisions of ihis act in the courts of tlie l nite l States shall bo rcvisablo by the Miprenia Court ot tlie United States, with out regard to the sum in controversy, under the same provisions and regulations as are now provided by law for tho review of other causes in said Court.'' The President lias -gncd the Civil Rights Bill. The following luuninal oris were made; Wm. J. Smith, as Surveyor of Customs for Memphis, Tennessee: Chss. (i. Mann tig, us Colieeiyr of Cu-toms for Albemarle, North ( 'aroliim The eretary of the Treasury has callod in live liion of tho five-twenty bonds, oa which i '. m. ret cease- June 1st, proximo. The C'iii!.-tviia' Committeo on tho legis lative, exec.itivo and judicial Appropriation bill agreed to. Debt statement Decrease during the month, six and a half millions; cash in treasury (coin), seveniy-five nnd a half mil lions ; currency, eleven and one-quarter millions. TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. iiojii:. Boston, March I. Wm. Dutton jr., pro prietor of the fiveninn Transvrivt, is dead. PiiiLAiiKLi'uiA, March 1. Kawley's pa per box factory is burned, The front walls fell carrying down the telegraph lines. Three hundred nnd fifty girls wero ousted. The loss is estimated at $100,000. TiiCKtRT0NvN. J', March 1. Tho Jason from Fernandina for Philadelphia, is ashore in F.gg harbor. The Life Saving Sta tion brought tho crew off with difficulty. Ai.KxANimiA, Va., March 1. The com miiteeof tho Diocese of Virginia declines to give its consent to the election of Dr. DcKoven as Bishop of Illinois, Atlanta, Ga March I. The Legislature passed resolutions of censure upon tho State l'rea.-urer tor negligenco and bad manage ment in oflice, und directing the Governor to appoint an assistant to rectify and in augurate some systoin ; also," directing nnd providing lor a lliorougli investigation of the financial condition of the State, There has been no defalcation, ouly carelessness and bad management. Speaker Hardeman, on adjourning tho House aino die, advised obedienco to the laws, and said that pwtirnt submission to wrong would stimuKie the sense of right in the heart! of tho American people. I'Sltlus, I.o.viiom, March 1. Seven battalions at tacked Bilboa on Friday, and alter a vigor ous bombardment fai.a. Purnto, Nuevo Biid Arbolancha were taken nnd reiaknn three times. The Carlisis were finally re pulsed. The Altbnsists af erwarda attack- I cj die Carlist position, hut were repul-ed. .Mionsisis loss 250 killed and wounded. The Carliets are preparing for n grand ef fort against l'uxcerda. M mum. .March 1. The Minist.ir of For eign Affairs, without t onnuli i r. m his col leagues, sent a circular to p.iwen eouiern ing Gustavo and other oflieers. The Calii-1-et consideiv I those acts sufficient to ms jielnl. It II W ON IM IAII Mil I III. KV Two 'I n Hlil. , I niiti litre Won mini Isn Mortally, We le.-um.l Monday from Mr. M. J. t'oi don, ol Section No. 175, Cincin nati ui l-iti i.iilroail, that on !(-t Wednesday another amoral row took place among tho i-olortil ineii on his works, wlncli resulted in two lieinn killed hihI tiiien woniiiled, two of tlieni mortally. It seeiim that mi-vera I colored men from Section No. 174, tNmtraetor Wlg glHWorih's works, eitinu to Condon's work ami in cuinp iiiy with some of Ilis hands pi occeili-ii lo .Irmkinu whisky nml mnliling, eiuliiiif in n general row with tho above results. Mr. Condon in for mod us tluit uo ar rest whutever hud been made, lu fact they considered these little a Hairs of two or three men being killed in a row of so little importance that no one takes any notice of t hem. Oocurreucea of this kind nre very frequent, and meun whisky seems to he ut the bot tom of them nil. We trust that some step will be taken to put u stop to this wholesale slaughter, and to punish the guilty parties The idea that two, three or four men can he killed iu (he Htnte of Tennessee over n game of cards and quart of whisky, nnd the perpe trators go unpunished, jN revolting to civilization, and we hope that this condition of iiflaiiH will soon he Changed. M-hool Aiiortloiniiiil This is to ct rtify that the following Ih ii correct apportionment of the scho. 1 ttlliil collected ti V III. A. A ncter-i 'l ax Collector f.-r Knox county, tl.-itf- oi I eniies-ee, irom I lie last ilay o January. 1875, to the lust lnv of Keif rimry, 187.i, fund of 1874 . 1 $201 1!) 2 77 (Hi ;t 10 50 4 2.1 4.'t 5 25 80 (1 34 ilS 7 35 42 S 34 S7 0 28 82 10 i(7 10 11 5.1 l.t 12 107 1.1 2.! :12 14 25 85 15 31 fHI 10 03 25 17 4H 07 18 35 31 10 33 88 20 IU 28 21 25 30 I $1,033 34 Total Given under my hand at oflice in Knojtvllle, this the' first day of March, I8i,'i. li. ivKAKUKX, Trustee. Ant-lent aiiU Moileru 4'lllra. One turns naturally to the Kat for the ruins of ancient cities and lost empire; and the plains of Mesopotamia und the (synaii deserts oiler a long li-t of fallen marts of commerce and earlv centres of civilization, hidden hcneatli (heir sands. or marked oulv hv a few tall mid shatter ed columns-. The Chicajros ami Clncin nutis of tho past once lined flic banks of the 1 Igns ami tlie. huiiluates, or siiian up In the truck of the caravan, and want ing chiefly the menial rlcinenU tf later progress, peiUlicd w holly iu the midst of their "realm's. -No nioilern city lias ever met with so complete it ruin as Babylon and Tyre : all the gn at cent res of modem commerce seem gifted with a chic im mortality. The printing-piv-s und the school-house, the telegraph and I he steaiu car, unite to shield London and Paris from decay; and New York and Philadel phia, in nearly the hundredth auiiivcisai v of their freedom, uro nicnaced hv few of the perils that siuioundeil ( aithagc and Koine. Men have become somewhat more discreet since the world was governed by Sennai-lieiihs and AclJiicliailiiezai-s. let a tour over the ruins of tho Kastcrn capi tals, and down those fainuu- rivers where Seuiiramis hihoaed and Israel -aug its im mortal lament, lias always a strange in terest, and no ono treads the Me-oiiota. iniau plains or speculates upon the site of lialiyloii without feeling thai the deft fin gers of the Assyrian weavers have in structed the modern artist, and that the inventions and devii es of the merchants and mechanics of Mesopotamia, were not In-t to the factories of New York. it it-.-, perish, but knowledge never; and the (lowered mii-lins and painted vases of tlie Kat live again iu the loomsof Lyons and lire furnaces of Sevres. Ki'iiknu I.aw itKNCK, in Harper' Mufjuzinr for Marri. A l.lek-Sfclllri llut-lor. l'rein tho Calvert (Teas) Central. J Well, what about him? Vis, we euvc l.iin a drink, litil let me go Lack and tell how it came about. About twenty yeais ugn, Johu ',Yi -at hei ly, John ll.iiley, John Power md 1, ail went to sdiiey cool t, Louis iana, to -ell our cotton. It was about 1 1 " miles, and we hud lo take cuuip kc'.tles, i ills and whisky along to keep from being subservient to the In- leiueiicy of the weather. We four u-eil six gallons on that trip. e moved along two days very well. but found the diaft on our keg was lu avy by reason of friends who imsunj. or met us, all of whom tested the utility of our whisky. John Weathcilv poured out three pints of whisky into a very heavy, black, quart bottle. Into this lie put about one-fourth plug of tneau tobscco. He then got about two ounce of hark from a " tooth-ache " tree, the bark of w hich will bum at least one hundred time as had as cayenne pepper. Why. sir, I tnliHii turnip I ,,, s (,jr. cuniHtance to the bark of the " tooth ache." He fixed the medicine ex pressly lor any of our friends who might not be considered of the first families dead-bin's and the like. The old bottle rolled nlioiit in a feed box, lashed lo the end of the cotton frame, 'till It was as thoroughly mix ed hs a bottle of Simmons' Liver lteg u tutor. We found no one who we thought ouifht to be com pi i men ted with its con-t.-nls, 'till we Kot to Lick-Skilh-.. on the T exas and Loui-iana Mate-line. We there saw a doctor playing poker, or ill-lire. In-t at dusK. ' We diove our tired oxen through, camped beyond the villiiL.-,. half a mile, near Ilogg Church. A roaring loa heap und a ko-'d sup per of broiled hum, strong cMle,. and cold bi-cuits soon made all bands joy-on-. About !l o'clock that iiigbt'our lick-skillet doctor came along on his way home from tow n. Our lousing lire und tlie prospect of a dram were more than he could stand ; so became by, and asked the privilege of warms ing, which was readily granted. lie was not drunk nor was lie sober, but about "half-seas-over." After some preliminary remarks, he skirmished arouud to the subject of whisky. Old I'ucle John Weatherly the doctor that had put up the four-hoise-power prescription, gave me the wink, and asked me why I had not ottered the stranger a drink. I got the bottle out, and hesitated a moment, lest he might, when he had lasted its contests, knock some one down with it. In order to make appearances regular, tool; a horu of It so-called II rst. 1 clo.-eu my mouth as tight us a coiset siring ol" an actress, nnd turned it up; and my God! that fluid burned the outside of my lips, It was so strong. I handed It to the doctor, who deliberately elevated the old bottle at arms length, and said, "(icntlenian, 'ere's to th' man th't own'd th' hand th't raised th' corn th't fed th' goose th't bro't forth lb' iilill th't made th' pen thai wrote th' ih cl'ailioi ov ' Merit-ail 'Dependence." Willi the i lose of this very patriotic "health'' he brought that ponderous hbi.-k bottle in Contact w iifi his liash trap. nnd drank two or three swallows In-line his blunted snseof lns:e detect ed the strength of the '-red-eye." He instantly begun lo expectorate wois- ibmi ai'hmnas cat with n feath er lu hi- niouih. In fact, he became as energetic as a sew ing-maehiiie agent. Kaiil he: "( lent lemen (spits), have vou a pipe (spits)'.' MyOod! (spits) where did (spits) you get that whisky (spits)'.' Thesalivar thrown from his mouth, by spasmodic etl'orts, was as tough ami white as the lint from a I'ratt cotton gin. No pipe was used by any of ih. As soon as that fact wus made known, he mounted his horse, and, as he did so, said, "My God! Indian turnip, I'm ruiued at last" (spit). We heard his horse's feet clattering over the frozen grouud, and the further he went the faster he traveled, until the sound died awuy in the distance. We presumed that he never would pay anocturuul visit to a crew of Texas wagoners any more. Ihs UerniHii, I'rrnrh anil lliisslmi Armien. The I.aiidsturtn Hill lately passed places every man iu the country between till ages of 17 and r.' in the army ; and when ever the (.ioverninent "thinks an enemy is invading or threatening to invade the count ry," the w bole force maybe called out for active service, and the act may be enforced in any one province of the em pire the (Uiveiiiineiit may select, and not iu the others. This will rai-0 the Herman army, should only the ih-st ban of the Land-tiuiu be called out. to 1.750,000 men and 45.718 olllcers. Should the whole of the Laiiilstiirni be called out, the'tolal will be 2,S00,00O. Indcr the cxi-lin-French law, when working up lo t maximum, the total French fmce will . l.iiliH.OoO men and HO.ooo olli. -or-. 'i'i Kuiaii force, under the in w military law. reaches, or w ill reach in ten vi-ar-. 3..'!70.0oil men and about loo.onn , .ni.-.-i -.. The small powers are fast following iu the same path, with riiiiioiis iuiliiencc on tln-ir linauccs, though doubtless with particularly iu Italy excellent elici t on the morale of the population. linl what a dill'crence 111 sonic important ii-.-pects there is at pncnt between the a'liiies may lie giu-sscil froui the fad that ticr- nianv ha-only 4 per- cent, of illiterates among her rank and tile ; w hile Franco, has 1!.!, Austria a I. and llus-ia S7. TUe ntioii. l.lvluKHIone'M llcftt-Mrctieti. Il would be impossible to overstate the importance of Dr. Living-tone's research es and discoveries. By bis bwn exertions, beset with perils and obstacles which would have driven back a man less cour ageous and determined, be has filled up a reat space in the map of Africa : be was the Ih-st L'liropeail whose eyes beheld vast inland seas whose existence bad been vaguely conjectured from native reports ; be laid down the course of hundreds of new rivers, ami noted their volume and the velocity of their How. Mo-t impor tant among the facts recorded iu bis jour nals is the iiiseovery that Lake yas-a belongs to a totally distinct -y-ti-in of wa ters from that which holds Lake Tan ganyika' and the rivers running north and we-t. With regard In the latter lake be leaves an interesting problem to be -olve.l by rut nre explorer-, ft may betaken for granted that he would hardly venture tie- tiriui-e mat 1 iuiganyika may have a sub terranean outlet without having duly lied the probabilities in the -cab; w ith hi-elaborate observations. Jjm whether this lake really poms its waters through the caverns of Western Kabogo into the va-t rivers (lowing northward is a prob lem which inu-t -oon be determined by actual exploration. le -ides geographical information of im portance, these journals contain Innumer able notes on the hab-tsof annuals, buds. and li-bes ; on plu'iiomcusi of every kind that came under the keen, searching eye of the great traveler us he moved through some of the graude-t and mo-t lieautiful scene in the world ; descriptions of native life mid habits; und sketches ot personal adventure, told with the natural modesty of a great man. whose thoughts were more on hi- work than on himself. S. S. Conast. in JIarprr't Magazine for Maxell. Th Mrlrnr r AMnllornlUa. Ut S. P. t-hi H, ttat Ansiier. I Another urticle for the adulteratiou of cream of Tartar is coming in use, i hut is, rice-flour ; and some of the wholesale grocers are selling two grades, one pure and the other adul terated with this material. It is rath er more ditllcult to ditect I hull gyp--um It nia In- detected by dissolving the cream of tartar iu cob! wutei, add ing sutlicii-iit baking soda to neutial r.e in e. iclil Tlie -.Million is then al lowed to stand unci llie starch settles to tlie bottom. This may tie examined mint r the microscope for starch grains. Tlo se, iu the case of rice, are small and have sharp angles ; they are very c h a raoi eristic. 'I be piecipitate may also be di-sol veil iti hot water, which distinguishes it from gypsum ; the solution when cooled gives tlie cus tomary reaction with Iodine. The success of this adulteration lies iu the tact that the Hour is almost complete ly soluble iu hot water, or, at most, on ly imparts a slight niilkiuess to the fluid. Coifee Is a favorite article for the manipulations of the sopliistu-alor. It may tie laid dowu us uu almost uuiver sal rulethut none of the preparations nicely ground and packed in pound papers are genuine. The price alone will show this ; they are all sold for less than the unroasted berry. The ground coffee sold In bulk by the grocers is a little better in quality tbun the above, but generally eousists of a cheap grade of codec, and is often quite largely mixed with grouud beans. The detection of these mixtures is very easy. Genuine roasted and ground cotiee will Hob I upou the surface of water, while beans, peas, nud such ar ticles, at once sink to the bottom. Teas, beans, burnt sugar, etc., impart their color much nioreiiuiekly to water than genuine colli-e does. The burnt unground coll'ee is geuerully pure cof fee, although it may be of a very low grade. If any one really likes coil'ee, ami does not drink it, as many seem to do, merely because Ihey wish some wri beverage, the best way is lo buy the raw berries nnd roast iliein at home. Cotiee, to be tirst-class, should al ways he put into a tight tin can after rousting, before it has had time to cool, and ouly ground ns wanted for use. If, however, people will Insist upon hu' ing cotiee substitutes, sweet pota toes, dried and then browned ns cotiee is rousted, make one of the best sub stitutes. The sophistications practised in le gard to tea are the substitution of leaves of oilier plants lor tea leuves, and the occasional mixture of dried spent leaves with Ir.so ones. This last tiick, however, is utmost too much trouble. The most common fraud is the change of brand. This is ib. m-by buy ing up old chests beuriug a choice mark ami tilling them with an interi or lea of the same general appearance. This is a fraud Hint no one but a tea expert can detect, more especially af ter the box has been opened the see oud time. The tests given iu works upou adulteration, which may serve very well to detect -uch frauds as fuc ihg, the mixture of other leaves aud sand, iron filings, and dirt Iu general, are powerless ugaiust this sophistica tion. I'ojtular V;inc Monthly, 'l'h. luimodt-nt fashion. There are some features iu ihe dress of the present day which every modest wife should -brink from showing upon heiM-if, careful mother "In. n Id I 'M i in her (laughters things t bat : u - I of pleasing the pure senses aie a dir t or covert appeal to -t-iisuiility, ai if . ui have no other pur ; ' -e oroauniits that are arranged so - to attract the eye to portions of the "I'suti ilia' should be passed over by modest gi-zo; a style that gives a contact.-1 -in the walk like that ol the lascivioi' dances of the F.ast ; distor tions of iiu.it und fie nre that are inju rious to heulth, and which can hsve no other recommendation limn that they suggest certain ideas as to the fe male form that are agreeable to the animal called man, looking ns an ani mal on woman. The second French Knipire, appealing us it did systemati ca illy to everythim; that was impure and base in a man, hits iufe-cted the fashion of dre: s to an unusual degree ; and very many follow the fashions without thinking anything about them. Rut it should be borne iu mind thnt ornamental dress is always tie signed to be elleotive in somo direc tion. It produces some el tee t upon the spectators, it has some appreciable In lliience upon the wearers. Women cau not wear an impure style of dress, especially one that has in it au element of coarse sensuality, without au injury to their own erfeet purity and refine ment, which every mother must watch over in her daughters, and every wife guard religiously in herself. o)tt M eneiiijer. In 1847 the Guard College was open ed, with 150 orphans ; now it ha-550, the limit of the capacity of the present buildings. The inconi iu 1371 of the estate was ijuo,(jH) ; expenses of the college 100,000, leaving .2oo,(i0') sur plus. The income is largely on the in crease, and it is not easy to say where it will stop. Twelve coal mines, un productive at Mr. Girard's death, huve been opened, und yield a large reven ue. The estate has .550 acres of land in (he southern part of I'liiladelphia, which w ill soon produce tin immense income. There is sullicienl land on l'assyunk Hoad lo put up from ltt,0 to 12,000 houses, and they would yield lo the estate ut least sl,5nO,uoO per yiar. Kvery year the trust could ex pend $200,000 iu building, which would yield teu per cent, on the outlay. The taxes paid by the estate tu the city last year were $75,000. It is dedtined lo bts comeve'y kCuily the most iniigul licently endowed institution, in llie world.