A A l
ni - ' ii is
VOL XXXVT-NO. 49.
KNOX VILLE, TENN.: WEDNESDAY. MAHCH 15, IS75.
THE STATE LEGISLATURE
Nashville, Feb. 23, lflTj.
The following proceeding were had in
the Senate :
Mr. Hodge, from the Committee on Tip.
pling and Tippling-houses, reported a
" Local Option " bill.
Mr. Boyd introduced a bill, appropriat
ing $06,000 for the aid of Reboots for the
The Senate bill to make fraudulent ap
propriation of propnrty, under Section CO,
passed third reading.
In the llou.-e the following proceedings
were had :
Mr. Brooks offered a resolution fining
the 24th of March, as the day of adjourn
ment of the Legislature
Mr. Matties ott'erel a resolution relative
to the death of Landon C. Hayneg.
A petition from citizens of Madison
county was read, praying that the conven
tional interest law be not repealed.
Mr. Gardenhire introduced a bill making
the husband liable for the debts contracted
by the wife only to the extent of the prop
erty received by her.
The Home bill providing for the payment
of the bonded bebt of the State by the
issuance of Treasury notes, occupied the
House in the afternoon on its third reading.
Nahiivillr, Feb. 24, 1875.
SE X ATE.
Mr. Marchhanks eft'ered a resolution
providing for tlie appointment of a Joint
Committee to inquire into the expenditures
of the Bureau of Agriculture. Adopted
and transmitted to the House.
By Mr. Quartos, providing that in the
trial of causes in the Supreme Court,
when tho Judges are equally divided in
any Jcase, the decision gof 'the lower
Court shall be considered affirmed, except
where constitutional question' are invol
ved. By Mr. Mosely, providing for the pur
chase of State bonds by the State at less
than their par value.
Senuto bill to establish county work
bouses, passed on its third reading.
House bill to enlarge the In.-ane Asylum,
passed on its second reading, and was
made the special order for next Wednesday.
Mr. Mathcs offered a resolution inquiring
into the item of $10 .575 executive expenses
for the years 1S73 and 1374.
Mr. McUiothlin introduced a bill to create
the office of County Attorney.
A resolution fixing March 24th as the
date of adjournment passed.
Senate resolution to appoint a committee
to look into the expenditures of the Agri
cultural Bureau concurred in.
Senate bill taxing the losing party in
civil suits with the cost of a jury passed
on its third reading, and, with the approval
of the Governor, becomes a law. n.
The " Bottom Out " Again.
A printed estimate of the current annual
expenses, and the rate of taxation necessary
to meet-them, is just out from the office of
Stato Treasurer Morrow. According to this
statement, th. tut il liabilities of the State
are $23,890,!mi. The amount required for
the year's expenses, and to meet the float
ing debt and the interest on the bonded
debt, is $2,653,502. If tlie rate of taxation
is fixed at 40 ciuis uii the ono hundred
lollnrs, as at present, the amount thus
raised will leave n deficit of $230,5H5.
Treasurer Morrow says that no rate of tax
ation that may be fixed by this Legislature
for 1875 will meet the debt, which must be
paid, as money cm not bo brought in in
timo. II'i advites a resort to temporary
Kashvii.lk, Feb. 25th, 1875.
.Mr. Mosely offered arculution to appiiit
a Joint Committed to prepare a draft, of
the most important measures before tho
Legislature, in order that tho same may bo
Senate bill iixing the compensation of
AHorueys General at two thousand dollars
per annum was rejected.
Senate bill to protect married women in
the enjoyment of personal property, pissed
Mr. Pollard introduced a bill to allow
Houston county to issue ten thousand dollars
in bonds to purchase supplies for citizens
of that county whose crops failed last
By Mr. Cooper A bill to extend the
time for paying taxes for last year to No
vember 15th, 1875.
House bill repealing the conventional in
terest law passed on its third reading by a
Tote of 42 to 27. It looks now as if it will
pass the Senate.
Mr. Gibson's bill to provide for the col
lection of the revenue abolishing the office
of Tax Collector and substituting County
Trustees passed on its third reading, u.
Nashville, Feb. 20, 1875.
Mr. Turtey offered a resolution for the
appointment of a joint commutes to which
hall be referred all measures relating to
the financial condition of the State.
The following House bills passed on
their third reading :
To change the time for holding the Crim
inal Courts for Knox county
To give Knox county an additional Nota
Senate bill to establish a Bureau of Ag
riculture, Statistics and Mining passed on
its third reading.
Also Senate bill to tax dogs.
House bill to repeal the Conventional
Interest Law was rejected, and a motion on
tored to reconsider the vote rejecting it.
The Senate resolution endorsing Captain
Kails' plan for improving the mouths of the
Mississippi was rejected.
The House resolution to fix the rnieof
taxation at twenty-fire reunion the hun
dred dollars was discussed nil the afternoon
when tlio House adjourned until 7 o'clock
P. M. Judge Last made a strong speech in
opposition to the resolution.
Mr. Taylor muds a lengthy speech favor
ire the resolution.
Nasiivillk. Feb. 27, 1875.
Mr. Morgan offered a resolution to refer
all bills relative to Statu Finances to the
Finance Committee, and to report a bill.
By Mr. Quarles A resolution directing
the Committee on Public Grounds to visit
Uermilage and examine into the possibility
of establishing the Jackson hospital there
A new bill was introduced by Mr. Hodges
to abolish all Chancery Courts after Janu
ary 1876, except the Chancery Courts of
Davidson and Shelby counties'.
Senate bill to repeal the conventional in
terest law was rejected by a voto of 12 to
12, but will bo reconsidered on Monday,
Blizzard voting in the negative for that
. mil sk.
The House bill to allow certain counties
to issuo Ipmds with which to purchase sup
plies for their iti.vns, passed third read
ing. House resolution to appoint ti joint com
mittoe to whom to refer all bills and resolu
tions regarding the finances of the State,
with instructions to report a bill, paised
third reading. it.
C'HATTANOIKIA, Feb. 27tll, 8 1. M.
The water has risen live feet within the
last twenty-four hours, and eleven within
the last forty-eight. It is now seven feet
below tho flood of 1807, nnd rising one and
three-fourths inches per hour. The flood of
1847 was forty-two feet above low water
mark and that of 1807 lifty-llve feet above.
All the southern portion of tho city is
flooded. The water is now over Market
street at the corner of Eighth, nnd in the
pustofuce and depots and around the hotels.
The merchants on Market street have
either removed or raised their goods. A
strong current divides the city in halves.
Several buildings nnd manufactories
along the river are gooe. The steam ferry
and small bunts are removing the people
from isolated points. No loss of life has
been reported. I have no time to say
A Relief Committee has been organized.
Business is entirely suspended, and all is
Both of the gas works, and the water
works, are submerged.
People are being removed from the upper
stories of buildings. Probably half the
populace have been driven from their
homes. The water reached the city iron
manufactories this forenoon.
Lookout Flour Mills were run till the
water stopped tho engine, nnd furnished
flour to the needy without charge.
The Chickainauga Vnlley is a vast inland
lagoon, extending thirty miles south. The
destruction of property in that direction, as
well as up and down the Tennessee Valley,
Tho storm near Dallon culminated in a
regular tornado, destroying und blowing
away house, barns, etc., and killing several
Iatku. Lockout Flouring .Mill- are on
lire and will be destroyed, together with
several hundred barrels of flour and ft large
quantity of grain.
The pasienger depot o.'' the Alabama and
Chattanooga railroad has caught from the
burning mills, and can not be saved. Both
ore surrounded by watsr. s.
CiiATTANOoiiA, Midnight, February, 27th,
The Lookout Mills are entirely burned.
Tho loss is 150,000; insurance $33,000.
Tho depot was saved by the united ef
forts of the firemen and citizens. The loss
will average $1,000. The firemen mado a
connection with the hose three foet under
the water, and thus saved the depot.
The river is still rising at tho rate of one
inch and one-quarter an hour, s.
Nashville, March 1, 1875.
Mr, Polk, from the Special Committeo ti
visit tho School for Deaf and Dumb at
Knoxville, reported the condition of that
Institutional very satisfactory.
Tho House resolution to appoint a joint
committee to investigate tho condition of
the Bank of Tennessee was rejected.
Mr. Blizzard moved to reconsider tho
voto rejecting the bill to repent the Conven
tional Intorost law.
Bill to establish a State Normal School
Mr. Marye introduced a bill to create tho
oflice of Solicitor General, at a salary oi
$3,000, to ho appointed by the Supreme
Mr. West introduced a bill tn exempt
from taxation, for ten years, capital stock
in new manufaetoiles to amount of $5,0(K.
House resoultion to llx taxation at 25
cents, referred to a committee, with in
structions to report.
Hill sustaining Slate cridit without in
creasing burdens of tlie people, and bill
reducing County Courts to hall the present
membership, passed its third reading. II.
Tho Civil Rights Bill Passes tho
Stemml Ncsslon forty -Till! 4 .Dsri'M
Washinutiin, Fell. 27.
.Mr. Carpenter spoke Against the Civil
'the Senate committee to sit during re
cess to examine the various branches oi the
civil service are Messrs. Bnutwi-li. Cciik
ling, Merrimon, Katon and Allison.
Resolutions from the Mississippi I.egisln
ture in favor of ths Texas Pacific subsidy
The civil rights bill was llnally passed
and goes to the President.
The amendment relieving Southern jurors
of the inm-clad oath was defeated.
Mr. Logan said ho would vote iu favor of
the re'ief as a separate measure, but to
amend the civil right- bill now would de
The vote was strictly a party vote, except
Messrs. Sprague, Schurz and Tipton.
Many Senators were absent. I he vote
stood 38 to 20.
Tiie Senate evening session unimportant.
The tux bill conies up .Monday as unfinished
Messrs. Ferry of Connecticut, Carpenter,
and Hamilton of Texas, also voted on the
joint civil rights bill.
Washington, March 1.
Tho force bill was received from the
House of Representatives and road n first
time by tide. Messrs. Thurmun, liayarl,
and ethers, ohjecled to a second reading,
and it remains on the Vice-President's table
till to-morrow. Tho second reading will
throw it over another day. It will come up
on a direct-issue Weducsday, and the ses
sion closes Thursday noon. The Democrats
are all determined that the bill shall not
reach the Piesident.
The estimated increase in revenue is;
14,000,000 from tobacco: 7,500,00 from
molasses, $.',000,0011 from segars, and il2,
Oeo.OOi) from whisky.
Wasiiisuton, Feb. 2.
The force bill passed after midnight
amended to limit the President's right to
suspend the hnhrax corjuis to the States
of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana nnd
Arkaiisis, and to expire at the end of 1 wo
years. Yeas, 135; nays, 111.
AVasiiinoton, March 0.
A motion to suspend the rules and adopt
the resolution reported by the Louisiana
Committee was defeated yeas 154, nays
8, not two-thirds in the aflirmativo.
A similar motion to bring the resolution
to a vote, directly and separately, was car
ried yeas 112, nays 85, Mr. Stephens, of
Georgia, being the only Democrat voting
The resolution recommending the resto.
ration to the Louisiana Houso of Repre
sentatives of the persons wrongfully de
prived oi tueir seals, was theu adopted
without a division; and the resolution re
cognizing Kellogg as Governor till the md
ol his term, was adopted by a partv voto.
Messrs. Lowndes, Pierce. Senor. and
Smith, of Va., voted against tho recogniz
ing ol hotlogg ni uovernor of Louisiana.
Tho Fifth Section of tho Civil
Washington, March 1. The following
is tlie hlth and last section of the Civil
Rights Bill :
' Sec. 5. Thai all cases arising under
the provisions of ihis act in the courts of
tlie l nite l States shall bo rcvisablo by the
Miprenia Court ot tlie United States, with
out regard to the sum in controversy, under
the same provisions and regulations as
are now provided by law for tho review of
other causes in said Court.''
The President lias -gncd the Civil Rights
The following luuninal oris were made;
Wm. J. Smith, as Surveyor of Customs for
Memphis, Tennessee: Chss. (i. Mann tig,
us Colieeiyr of Cu-toms for Albemarle,
North ( 'aroliim
The eretary of the Treasury has callod
in live liion of tho five-twenty bonds, oa
which i '. m. ret cease- June 1st, proximo.
The C'iii!.-tviia' Committeo on tho legis
lative, exec.itivo and judicial Appropriation
bill agreed to.
Debt statement Decrease during the
month, six and a half millions; cash in
treasury (coin), seveniy-five nnd a half mil
lions ; currency, eleven and one-quarter
Boston, March I. Wm. Dutton jr., pro
prietor of the fiveninn Transvrivt, is
PiiiLAiiKLi'uiA, March 1. Kawley's pa
per box factory is burned, The front walls
fell carrying down the telegraph lines.
Three hundred nnd fifty girls wero ousted.
The loss is estimated at $100,000.
TiiCKtRT0NvN. J', March 1. Tho Jason
from Fernandina for Philadelphia, is ashore
in F.gg harbor. The Life Saving Sta
tion brought tho crew off with difficulty.
Ai.KxANimiA, Va., March 1. The com
miiteeof tho Diocese of Virginia declines
to give its consent to the election of Dr.
DcKoven as Bishop of Illinois,
Atlanta, Ga March I. The Legislature
passed resolutions of censure upon tho State
l'rea.-urer tor negligenco and bad manage
ment in oflice, und directing the Governor
to appoint an assistant to rectify and in
augurate some systoin ; also," directing nnd
providing lor a lliorougli investigation of
the financial condition of the State, There
has been no defalcation, ouly carelessness
and bad management.
Speaker Hardeman, on adjourning tho
House aino die, advised obedienco to the
laws, and said that pwtirnt submission to
wrong would stimuKie the sense of right
in the heart! of tho American people.
I.o.viiom, March 1. Seven battalions at
tacked Bilboa on Friday, and alter a vigor
ous bombardment fai.a. Purnto, Nuevo
Biid Arbolancha were taken nnd reiaknn
three times. The Carlisis were finally re
pulsed. The Altbnsists af erwarda attack-
I cj die Carlist position, hut were repul-ed.
.Mionsisis loss 250 killed and wounded.
The Carliets are preparing for n grand ef
fort against l'uxcerda.
M mum. .March 1. The Minist.ir of For
eign Affairs, without t onnuli i r. m his col
leagues, sent a circular to p.iwen eouiern
ing Gustavo and other oflieers. The Calii-1-et
consideiv I those acts sufficient to ms
jielnl. It II W ON IM IAII Mil I III. KV
Two 'I n Hlil. , I niiti litre Won mini
We le.-um.l Monday from Mr. M.
J. t'oi don, ol Section No. 175, Cincin
nati ui l-iti i.iilroail, that on !(-t
Wednesday another amoral row took
place among tho i-olortil ineii on his
works, wlncli resulted in two lieinn
killed hihI tiiien woniiiled, two of tlieni
It seeiim that mi-vera I colored men
from Section No. 174, tNmtraetor Wlg
glHWorih's works, eitinu to Condon's
work ami in cuinp iiiy with some of
Ilis hands pi occeili-ii lo .Irmkinu
whisky nml mnliling, eiuliiiif in n
general row with tho above results.
Mr. Condon in for mod us tluit uo ar
rest whutever hud been made, lu fact
they considered these little a Hairs of
two or three men being killed in a row
of so little importance that no one
takes any notice of t hem. Oocurreucea
of this kind nre very frequent, and
meun whisky seems to he ut the bot
tom of them nil. We trust that some
step will be taken to put u stop to this
wholesale slaughter, and to punish the
guilty parties The idea that two,
three or four men can he killed iu (he
Htnte of Tennessee over n game of cards
and quart of whisky, nnd the perpe
trators go unpunished, jN revolting to
civilization, and we hope that this
condition of iiflaiiH will soon he
This is to ct rtify that the following
Ih ii correct apportionment of the scho. 1
ttlliil collected ti V III. A. A ncter-i
'l ax Collector f.-r Knox county, tl.-itf-
oi I eniies-ee, irom I lie last ilay o
January. 1875, to the lust lnv of Keif
rimry, 187.i, fund of 1874
. 1 $201 1!)
2 77 (Hi
;t 10 50
4 2.1 4.'t
5 25 80
(1 34 ilS
7 35 42
S 34 S7
0 28 82
10 i(7 10
11 5.1 l.t
1.1 2.! :12
14 25 85
15 31 fHI
10 03 25
17 4H 07
18 35 31
10 33 88
20 IU 28
21 25 30
I $1,033 34
Given under my hand at oflice in
Knojtvllle, this the' first day of March,
I8i,'i. li. ivKAKUKX, Trustee.
Ant-lent aiiU Moileru 4'lllra.
One turns naturally to the Kat for the
ruins of ancient cities and lost empire;
and the plains of Mesopotamia und the
(synaii deserts oiler a long li-t of fallen
marts of commerce and earlv centres of
civilization, hidden hcneatli (heir sands.
or marked oulv hv a few tall mid shatter
ed columns-. The Chicajros ami Clncin
nutis of tho past once lined flic banks of
the 1 Igns ami tlie. huiiluates, or siiian
up In the truck of the caravan, and want
ing chiefly the menial rlcinenU tf later
progress, peiUlicd w holly iu the midst of
their "realm's. -No nioilern city lias ever
met with so complete it ruin as Babylon
and Tyre : all the gn at cent res of modem
commerce seem gifted with a chic im
mortality. The printing-piv-s und the
school-house, the telegraph and I he steaiu
car, unite to shield London and Paris
from decay; and New York and Philadel
phia, in nearly the hundredth auiiivcisai v
of their freedom, uro nicnaced hv few of
the perils that siuioundeil ( aithagc and
Koine. Men have become somewhat more
discreet since the world was governed by
Sennai-lieiihs and AclJiicliailiiezai-s. let
a tour over the ruins of tho Kastcrn capi
tals, and down those fainuu- rivers where
Seuiiramis hihoaed and Israel -aug its im
mortal lament, lias always a strange in
terest, and no ono treads the Me-oiiota.
iniau plains or speculates upon the site of
lialiyloii without feeling thai the deft fin
gers of the Assyrian weavers have in
structed the modern artist, and that the
inventions and devii es of the merchants
and mechanics of Mesopotamia, were not
In-t to the factories of New York. it it-.-,
perish, but knowledge never; and the
(lowered mii-lins and painted vases of tlie
Kat live again iu the loomsof Lyons and
lire furnaces of Sevres. Ki'iiknu I.aw
itKNCK, in Harper' Mufjuzinr for
A l.lek-Sfclllri llut-lor.
l'rein tho Calvert (Teas) Central. J
Well, what about him? Vis, we
euvc l.iin a drink, litil let me go Lack
and tell how it came about.
About twenty yeais ugn, Johu
',Yi -at hei ly, John ll.iiley, John Power
md 1, ail went to sdiiey cool t, Louis
iana, to -ell our cotton. It was about
1 1 " miles, and we hud lo take cuuip
kc'.tles, i ills and whisky along to
keep from being subservient to the In-
leiueiicy of the weather. We four
u-eil six gallons on that trip.
e moved along two days very well.
but found the diaft on our keg was
lu avy by reason of friends who imsunj.
or met us, all of whom tested the
utility of our whisky.
John Weathcilv poured out three
pints of whisky into a very heavy,
black, quart bottle. Into this lie put
about one-fourth plug of tneau tobscco.
He then got about two ounce of hark
from a " tooth-ache " tree, the bark of
w hich will bum at least one hundred
time as had as cayenne pepper.
Why. sir, I tnliHii turnip I ,,, s (,jr.
cuniHtance to the bark of the " tooth
ache." He fixed the medicine ex
pressly lor any of our friends who
might not be considered of the first
families dead-bin's and the like.
The old bottle rolled nlioiit in a feed
box, lashed lo the end of the cotton
frame, 'till It was as thoroughly mix
ed hs a bottle of Simmons' Liver lteg
We found no one who we thought
ouifht to be com pi i men ted with its con-t.-nls,
'till we Kot to Lick-Skilh-.. on
the T exas and Loui-iana Mate-line.
We there saw a doctor playing
poker, or ill-lire. In-t at dusK. ' We
diove our tired oxen through, camped
beyond the villiiL.-,. half a mile, near
A roaring loa heap und a ko-'d sup
per of broiled hum, strong cMle,. and
cold bi-cuits soon made all bands joy-on-.
About !l o'clock that iiigbt'our
lick-skillet doctor came along on his
way home from tow n. Our lousing
lire und tlie prospect of a dram were
more than he could stand ; so became
by, and asked the privilege of warms
ing, which was readily granted. lie
was not drunk nor was lie sober, but
about "half-seas-over." After some
preliminary remarks, he skirmished
arouud to the subject of whisky. Old
I'ucle John Weatherly the doctor
that had put up the four-hoise-power
prescription, gave me the wink, and
asked me why I had not ottered the
stranger a drink. I got the bottle out,
and hesitated a moment, lest he might,
when he had lasted its contests, knock
some one down with it. In order to
make appearances regular, tool; a horu
of It so-called II rst. 1 clo.-eu my
mouth as tight us a coiset siring ol" an
actress, nnd turned it up; and my God!
that fluid burned the outside of my
lips, It was so strong. I handed It to
the doctor, who deliberately elevated
the old bottle at arms length, and said,
"(icntlenian, 'ere's to th' man th't
own'd th' hand th't raised th' corn
th't fed th' goose th't bro't forth lb'
iilill th't made th' pen thai wrote th'
ih cl'ailioi ov ' Merit-ail 'Dependence."
Willi the i lose of this very patriotic
"health'' he brought that ponderous
hbi.-k bottle in Contact w iifi his liash
trap. nnd drank two or three swallows
In-line his blunted snseof lns:e detect
ed the strength of the '-red-eye."
He instantly begun lo expectorate
wois- ibmi ai'hmnas cat with n feath
er lu hi- niouih. In fact, he became as
energetic as a sew ing-maehiiie agent.
Kaiil he: "( lent lemen (spits), have vou
a pipe (spits)'.' MyOod! (spits) where
did (spits) you get that whisky (spits)'.'
Thesalivar thrown from his mouth,
by spasmodic etl'orts, was as tough ami
white as the lint from a I'ratt cotton
gin. No pipe was used by any of ih.
As soon as that fact wus made known,
he mounted his horse, and, as he did
so, said, "My God! Indian turnip,
I'm ruiued at last" (spit).
We heard his horse's feet clattering
over the frozen grouud, and the further
he went the faster he traveled, until
the sound died awuy in the distance.
We presumed that he never would
pay anocturuul visit to a crew of Texas
wagoners any more.
Ihs UerniHii, I'rrnrh anil lliisslmi
The I.aiidsturtn Hill lately passed places
every man iu the country between till
ages of 17 and r.' in the army ; and when
ever the (.ioverninent "thinks an enemy
is invading or threatening to invade the
count ry," the w bole force maybe called
out for active service, and the act may be
enforced in any one province of the em
pire the (Uiveiiiineiit may select, and not
iu the others. This will rai-0 the Herman
army, should only the ih-st ban of the
Land-tiuiu be called out. to 1.750,000
men and 45.718 olllcers. Should the whole
of the Laiiilstiirni be called out, the'tolal
will be 2,S00,00O. Indcr the cxi-lin-French
law, when working up lo t
maximum, the total French fmce will .
l.iiliH.OoO men and HO.ooo olli. -or-. 'i'i
Kuiaii force, under the in w military
law. reaches, or w ill reach in ten vi-ar-.
3..'!70.0oil men and about loo.onn , .ni.-.-i -..
The small powers are fast following iu
the same path, with riiiiioiis iuiliiencc on
tln-ir linauccs, though doubtless with
particularly iu Italy excellent elici t on
the morale of the population. linl what
a dill'crence 111 sonic important ii-.-pects
there is at pncnt between the a'liiies
may lie giu-sscil froui the fad that ticr-
nianv ha-only 4 per- cent, of illiterates
among her rank and tile ; w hile Franco,
has 1!.!, Austria a I. and llus-ia S7. TUe
Il would be impossible to overstate the
importance of Dr. Living-tone's research
es and discoveries. By bis bwn exertions,
beset with perils and obstacles which
would have driven back a man less cour
ageous and determined, be has filled up a
reat space in the map of Africa : be was
the Ih-st L'liropeail whose eyes beheld vast
inland seas whose existence bad been
vaguely conjectured from native reports ;
be laid down the course of hundreds of
new rivers, ami noted their volume and
the velocity of their How. Mo-t impor
tant among the facts recorded iu bis jour
nals is the iiiseovery that Lake yas-a
belongs to a totally distinct -y-ti-in of wa
ters from that which holds Lake Tan
ganyika' and the rivers running north and
we-t. With regard In the latter lake be
leaves an interesting problem to be -olve.l
by rut nre explorer-, ft may betaken for
granted that he would hardly venture tie-
tiriui-e mat 1 iuiganyika may have a sub
terranean outlet without having duly
lied the probabilities in the -cab; w ith
hi-elaborate observations. Jjm whether
this lake really poms its waters through
the caverns of Western Kabogo into the
va-t rivers (lowing northward is a prob
lem which inu-t -oon be determined by
le -ides geographical information of im
portance, these journals contain Innumer
able notes on the hab-tsof annuals, buds.
and li-bes ; on plu'iiomcusi of every kind
that came under the keen, searching eye
of the great traveler us he moved through
some of the graude-t and mo-t lieautiful
scene in the world ; descriptions of
native life mid habits; und sketches ot
personal adventure, told with the natural
modesty of a great man. whose thoughts
were more on hi- work than on himself.
S. S. Conast. in JIarprr't Magazine
Th Mrlrnr r AMnllornlUa.
Ut S. P. t-hi H, ttat Ansiier. I
Another urticle for the adulteratiou
of cream of Tartar is coming in use,
i hut is, rice-flour ; and some of the
wholesale grocers are selling two
grades, one pure and the other adul
terated with this material. It is rath
er more ditllcult to ditect I hull gyp--um
It nia In- detected by dissolving
the cream of tartar iu cob! wutei, add
ing sutlicii-iit baking soda to neutial
r.e in e. iclil Tlie -.Million is then al
lowed to stand unci llie starch settles
to tlie bottom. This may tie examined
mint r the microscope for starch grains.
Tlo se, iu the case of rice, are small
and have sharp angles ; they are very
c h a raoi eristic. 'I be piecipitate may
also be di-sol veil iti hot water, which
distinguishes it from gypsum ; the
solution when cooled gives tlie cus
tomary reaction with Iodine. The
success of this adulteration lies iu the
tact that the Hour is almost complete
ly soluble iu hot water, or, at most, on
ly imparts a slight niilkiuess to the
Coifee Is a favorite article for the
manipulations of the sopliistu-alor. It
may tie laid dowu us uu almost uuiver
sal rulethut none of the preparations
nicely ground and packed in pound
papers are genuine. The price alone
will show this ; they are all sold for
less than the unroasted berry.
The ground coffee sold In bulk by
the grocers is a little better in quality
tbun the above, but generally eousists
of a cheap grade of codec, and is often
quite largely mixed with grouud beans.
The detection of these mixtures is very
easy. Genuine roasted and ground
cotiee will Hob I upou the surface of
water, while beans, peas, nud such ar
ticles, at once sink to the bottom.
Teas, beans, burnt sugar, etc., impart
their color much nioreiiuiekly to water
than genuine colli-e does. The burnt
unground coll'ee is geuerully pure cof
fee, although it may be of a very low
If any one really likes coil'ee, ami
does not drink it, as many seem to do,
merely because Ihey wish some wri
beverage, the best way is lo buy the
raw berries nnd roast iliein at home.
Cotiee, to be tirst-class, should al
ways he put into a tight tin can after
rousting, before it has had time to cool,
and ouly ground ns wanted for use.
If, however, people will Insist upon
hu' ing cotiee substitutes, sweet pota
toes, dried and then browned ns cotiee
is rousted, make one of the best sub
stitutes. The sophistications practised in le
gard to tea are the substitution of
leaves of oilier plants lor tea leuves,
and the occasional mixture of dried
spent leaves with Ir.so ones. This
last tiick, however, is utmost too much
trouble. The most common fraud is
the change of brand. This is ib. m-by
buy ing up old chests beuriug a choice
mark ami tilling them with an interi
or lea of the same general appearance.
This is a fraud Hint no one but a tea
expert can detect, more especially af
ter the box has been opened the see
oud time. The tests given iu works
upou adulteration, which may serve
very well to detect -uch frauds as fuc
ihg, the mixture of other leaves aud
sand, iron filings, and dirt Iu general,
are powerless ugaiust this sophistica
tion. I'ojtular V;inc Monthly,
'l'h. luimodt-nt fashion.
There are some features iu ihe dress
of the present day which every modest
wife should -brink from showing
upon heiM-if, careful mother
"In. n Id I 'M i in her (laughters
things t bat : u - I of pleasing the pure
senses aie a dir t or covert appeal to
-t-iisuiility, ai if . ui have no other pur
; ' -e oroauniits that are arranged so
- to attract the eye to portions of the
"I'suti ilia' should be passed over by
modest gi-zo; a style that gives a
contact.-1 -in the walk like that ol the
lascivioi' dances of the F.ast ; distor
tions of iiu.it und fie nre that are inju
rious to heulth, and which can hsve
no other recommendation limn that
they suggest certain ideas as to the fe
male form that are agreeable to the
animal called man, looking ns an ani
mal on woman. The second French
Knipire, appealing us it did systemati
ca illy to everythim; that was impure
and base in a man, hits iufe-cted the
fashion of dre: s to an unusual degree ;
and very many follow the fashions
without thinking anything about
them. Rut it should be borne iu mind
thnt ornamental dress is always tie
signed to be elleotive in somo direc
tion. It produces some el tee t upon the
spectators, it has some appreciable In
lliience upon the wearers. Women
cau not wear an impure style of dress,
especially one that has in it au element
of coarse sensuality, without au injury
to their own erfeet purity and refine
ment, which every mother must watch
over in her daughters, and every wife
guard religiously in herself. o)tt
In 1847 the Guard College was open
ed, with 150 orphans ; now it ha-550,
the limit of the capacity of the present
buildings. The inconi iu 1371 of the
estate was ijuo,(jH) ; expenses of the
college 100,000, leaving .2oo,(i0') sur
plus. The income is largely on the in
crease, and it is not easy to say where
it will stop. Twelve coal mines, un
productive at Mr. Girard's death, huve
been opened, und yield a large reven
ue. The estate has .550 acres of land
in (he southern part of I'liiladelphia,
which w ill soon produce tin immense
income. There is sullicienl land on
l'assyunk Hoad lo put up from ltt,0
to 12,000 houses, and they would yield
lo the estate ut least sl,5nO,uoO per
yiar. Kvery year the trust could ex
pend $200,000 iu building, which would
yield teu per cent, on the outlay. The
taxes paid by the estate tu the city last
year were $75,000. It is dedtined lo bts
comeve'y kCuily the most iniigul
licently endowed institution, in llie
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