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WHIG AND CHRONICLE.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3, 1875. FIELD yVTN I) 1--AHM. A SEVERE WIXTKR. ' The winter of lSf,.1-4 lias hereto fore been considered the coldest ami stormiest on record, but the winter of 1874-,') will surpass it. Early in tin winter we re-published articles from Northern exchanges predicting a se vere winter, based on the migration of the prey squirrels ami other sim ilar sitrns. but as January passed without realizing the prediction, we supposed it would fail. February, however, has tested thoroughly the capacity of the thermometers to mea sure the fall of the mercury. Down, down, down it went, until past all calculation. ( )ld Ocean's briny wa ters even threatened to iriye up in the unequal contest and irive miles of ice all alomj; the coast. Our exchanges from the North all report the most extreme weather. A letter from Milwaukee on the 17th inst. says that "Wisconsin has exper ienced during the present winter the coldest weather known in thirty years. The thermometer here has not mark ed less than .3 decrees below zero dur ing the past ten days, and l.'i to 23 decrees lias been freqontly recorded. In fact, since a few days before Christinas a truly Siberian tempera ture has prevailed, with one-fourth to one-third more snow, badly drifted, than is remembered by the 'oldest inhabitant." ' The track of the Wisconsin Cen tral railroad has for ten days been covered in many places with snow to the depth of ten and fifteen feet. Hut the most remarkable story comes from the Superintendent of the Northern division of the St. Paul railway, who reiorts snow drifts between Ripon and Berlin reaching to the tops of the telegraph poles. The country roads in the North west are perfectly impassable. The reports from the East are full as bad. Penobscot Ray has been frozen over for the first time witkin the recollec tion of man. In New York State, the Rome, Watertown ami Ogdens- burg railro.nl, btweeu Rome and Wa tertown, for fifteen miles, was covered with snow to an average depth of ten feet, and it was so hard that much of it could not be cut with iron shovels, and had to be prized up; and, be cause it was so hard all the way down, it had to be shoveled to the rails. In some places the men stood in three tiers one above the other, in getting the snow up, and all along it is piled high on either side in blocks and chunks. A gentleman said that in riding through the cut it looked like a vast white marble quarry. An old resident of Watertown, who has closely observed the weather and re corded his observations, says there has more snow fallen this winter than any preceding fifty. THE FPiKSHET. Klvcr Almost m High as in 1SG7 Terrible Loss of Property by zens a well as Corporations. Loss in the City from $30,00 $3:,ooo. ;Kruin Kooivire Diilr Chrjtiiole.Feb. 2 .J It ruined inces-antly during Tues day night, Hint continued I" rain some yesterday morning, liefore noon, however, it cleared up, mid for h few hours we were blessed with leniitiful weather. However, in the afternoon it began to eloud up again, and before night it whs again mining ami con tinued up to this writing, 10:30 1". M., and now the water is fairly pouring down in torrents, with a propped of it continuing thus during the night. The river rose about seven feet yes terday from fi a. m. to 5 o'clock I, m.. ami was still rising at tlit.it rate last night. Reports eoine in from all parts of the country, to tlie ett'eet that the smaller streams are about at high as they have ever been known, and maiiy predict that if it continue to rain all night, the rise in the riv er w ill be something equal to that of isij7. Mr. T. Atkin ha! consider able trouble in saving his lumber, and no doubt lost some. In the evening a large raft of logs got loose, hut Mr. At kin succeeded in getting aboard of it, mid by t he assistance of several men in skiffs, managed to land it below the steamboat wharf. More of Mr. At kin's lumber is in danger, if the river continues to rise. A 4ood Word lor the t rows Tlie Baltimore Sun .f Saturday, re turning to tin: -ul,j,.ct of crows, remarks : "A llclair -taire driver -avs that the country people are poi-oning tin in with strychnine, according to a time-honored fu-toin at this season of the year. Tic fatal dose is administered by being satur ated in com, which is scattered around freely. Some of the crows die on the spot, others tly away and soiiier-auh in tlie sky. and others go blind and die of starvation and the stomach-ache. An instance is cited of one wort liy but wicked country man gathering up. 1,200 irons he bad poisoned, taking their scalps, and reaping his reward from tlie country authorities, six and a quarter cent-" apiece, I-7.3. 'rows, no doubt, rfonii a better part for farmer than they are given credit, for. Nature furni.-hes scavenger birds and animals adapted to the wants of every climate. In tlie summer time the bird-, being very numcrou-. do a large part of scavenger work, in the same way crow.-, n doubt, are Is.-neticial to the country in this latitude, as their name of 'carrion crow' would indicate, besides making themselves generally u-cfiil in rooting out the grubs that hatch insects to destroy the labors of the fanner. Xo doubt, if the crows were properly encouraged to do so, they would Is: Useful in de-troying the Ktato bug, lately m de-tructive ill all parts of this country. W ho kuous until we have tried thcui .' And if a poor crow does steal a few grains of corn at seeding time, or pluck the ears when they have ripened, tlie fanner could prevent Ulh depredations by u cll-kuow n precau tions.1' London fouuly f air. Judging from present indications, we believe that Loudon county is go ing to have a Fair next full. One of our most energetic and enterprising citi.t n is now preparing tlie prelimi naries, and ill the siiifac- indications! are good. We have in our mind's eye, ', at the pre- nt time, six of our fellow citizens, who have agreed to ta"ke ten j shares each, at ten dollars per! share. It la a move of the farmer, and we hojie that all will come to taw and plump for ihe middle man.! The i u is not a man in the county tout in no poor that lie can not do some thing to forward the enterprise, and everybody should help. The columns of thin paper are open to all w ho de sire to communicate ou the subject. J.. I. t.rothrcn and don't be From Kax ilie D.d y Cur nicl e, Ftb. Yesterday morning the river banks were crowded with people, having learned of the sad havoc made during the previous night by the " water fiend," as given fully to the readers of the Chronicle, the local columns of the paper having bet n kept open to nearly 'j o'clock, a. m., in order to give the public the very latest. Their sur prise, of course, was great, for in the limited time we had we could not give a full description, if such a thing were possible. The lumber yard of Mr. K. T. Atkin presented a lively scene, and large numbers of citizens were en gaged in helping Mr. Atkiu save as much as possible of his property. THE KIVER had risen to over thirty feet tide water, and was carrying everything before it. The rafts, parts of bridges, lumber and a portion of Mr. Atkin's mill, which had lodged against the derrick, was carried away, as we pre dicted, the force of the au gry waters being too much for the derrick, and it gave way. THE 1.1' Mil Kit WAS FLOATINU Around proruiscuousl v, and a majority of tlie rafts of logs had cut loose and were on their wav Chattau.Kigaward. The citizens worked with a will, and deserve creilit for the energy they dis played in trying to save the property, ofteu at the risk of their own lives. Vet their exertions In many instances were unavailing, and much of the lumber floated away. In the afternoon we visited the scene again, and found all busy. .MR. ATKIN'S OFFICE Was under water up to the roof, as was also tlie building at the corner hereto fore used as a store, while the corner lamp post was not visible. The slaughter-house was under water up to tlie second story, and the lumber which had been put in the slaughter house yard was lloating around loose. We met Mr. Atkin, who, having fallen iulo tlie river, was wet from head to foot. On inquiring, we learned that he estimated his lossi provided he could hold what he still had ) at aixml '1 EN THOUSAND DOLLARS. ! The lumber still remaining is fasten- td with strong ropes, and lie hoped to save it. It was certainly a hard stroke, especially in theee hard times, and he lias tlie sympathy of ttie entire com munity. Tlie houses along the river bank, be tween First Creek and the county bridge were all under water to the roots. Tlie loss to the owners of this property can not be estimated, at pre sent, but will doubtless reach several hundred dollars. The lumber-yard of Bettertnn Sc Bro., at the foot of Prince street, is inundated, and doubtless some of the lumber was lost. A FAMILY SURROUNDED I1Y WATER. On the west side of Second Creek, on the batiks of the river, Mr. Stevenson (an Englishman) h is a neat dwelling, which was completely surrounded by the river, and ttie family were mill in the house. A large flat-boat whs in front of the hem-e ready to receive them. Duriug the day several ,4, , , . llOl'SKS FLOATS l DOWN THE RtVFR, And early in th morning, we learn, n barn floor wilh a stack of straw or bay and a cow on it was seen passing Knoxville doubtless bound for points lielow. l'R K. PAYNE'S Ft CIV RES. 1 Last night Prof. J. K. Payne, who bus been taken several observations during the day and night, furnished us with the following as the result : In the year 1SG7 the highest tide water was 43 feet and 9 inches. At 12 ; M. yesterday it stood 315 feet tide water, and was still rising at the rate of 8 inches to the hour. At ,1:15 i M., 37 feet and 4 inches ; at 4:43 l. M , SS feet and - inches ; at 7:30 l. St.. 39 2-3 feet ; at 10:13, 40 2-3 feet, and was: then rising at the rate of 6j inches per hour. Fol'R FKKT P. FLOW 1S67. At 1:13 a. M., this morning our re porter was at tin river and found that the river was then alxiut 41 fl-10 feet bight, a:.d had taken a new rise, ris ing at the rate of 6 inches to the hour. It only lacked about 4 feet of being up to the high water mark of lst7. At this rate it will lie fully up to 1867 by 0 o'clock this morning. The river men were of tlie opinion that the waters of French Broad were just com ing down, cau-ing the new rise. The t"ii of t he Iniil lings on the river bank could hardly be seen. FIRST CREEK. This creek was higher than ever be fore known. Above Branner's mill, about fifty houses, mostly owned and occupied by poor persons, have been more or less damaged. Though the Individual loss is not very great, aggre gating from $10 to $ 100, it will be se riously fe't by most f.f the losers. In our round down the creek, we found that the Shifldstown bridge was no more. It was carried away near 2 o'clock yesterday morning, and lodged but a short distance from where it for merly stood. It is in very good con dition, and can be replaced at no very great cost. " FROf! LEVEL." Every bouse in this district has been somewhat damaged. This place is penectly isolated, and can not be reached without going a long circui tous route. All the families moved their property on Tuesday night be fore the great rise came. They nenily all returned again yesterday. In one of tlie houses lived a Mrs. Read, who was confined on Monday, she being in so critical a state that she was not taken from the house when her neighbors began to move. At eleven o'clock Tuesday night she was taken out by several youug men, who bad to wade through water waist deep to reach her. She is now in a very serious condition. The tobacco factory of McCallum & Bro. was half under water: the water was almost up to the roof. We could not learn the amount of their liss. On William street nine houses were somewhat damaged. The out. houses were all carried away. The damage fin this street will amount to about $100. THE I'ATTON STREET IlRIOfiE creek. Their loss Is estimated at lie. Iwieu S7Q1) Hid $S00, consisting in lumber, wood and ware, T'udr ware is distributed promiscuously, and a great ileal of It broken. 'nilg & Rartli'lt lost some lumber, and a great deal tif their finished Work and flooring was damaged. There two ftei of water in the shop, and fourteen Inches in tbeolllce. Their I'" will amount to near $400 The large flat on the iionh of the railroads was pretty Well tilled, ami the huts suffered severe damage. The culberl at the Rolllug Mill being so narrow the water spread out In the tlat, and ttie Keg Factory which Is at least three hundred feet Irom the creek, had thre feel of water In the lower tloof, tint no damage was done to the factory but to stop work for a time. I'.RIDCKS. The Aslum street bridge escaped uninjured. The Clinch street bridge also with stood the surging waters, and is in us good a condition as it was before the freshet. The Cumberland and Main hi reel bridges are under wnter but still keep their places. The bridges between the roiling mill and the nail factory were swept away, and the iron track which ran over one of them was broken as though they were splinters. The Hour of the nail factory was covered with water and mud, which causes a loss of time in running the factory. Tlie loss of the Knoxville Iron Company is estimated by them at from 5300 to $1,000. The trestle work of the K. and C. R. R. was broken, but still hang, be ing held by the bolts. Tlie damage around the tan-yard was very ( light. The lower floor of the building was under water. The damage, which is mostly hides, will amount to near $.'00. Tlie damage to the other property was slight. THE OAS WORKS Are under water, and were greatly damaged, imt just to what extent Is not known, i t will doubtless go Into the thousand-, tsome portions of the maeluuery are Known to lie Injured and the repairs have already been or dered at the Foundry. Our citizens will have to do without gas light for some time, probably several weeks. We ream that the Company have decided to trect entirely new works on the Knoxville and Ohio railroad, near the Rrick Mill. They are determined that this shall be the la-t time that high water eU'ecta their operations. The bouse of John ('uUiiien, who works in the gas works, had to be va cated by his family, and at .'i p. M. the water was several feet ibcji on the fltst floor. E-quire Larry's hou-e was un der water nearly to the ceiling of the firsL floor. The damage to the above named two houses will reach several hundred dollars. ON" 'I UK hot I It Hill. Of the river above the county bridge several houses iiad to be vacated, and one was washed away. 1'olicc man James Leary'w house and stable, just below tiie Knoxville ai.d Charleston railroad bridge, were FLOATING JV THE RIVER, fastened with large roxs, his furniture lying around loose, while his wife was seated near by with a child ou her lap. it was a sad sight, and his lows, if ins bou-e and stable are not carried away, Was also swept away. The bridge was so completely demolished that one would hardly think a bridge had ever ! stood there. The street is also badly washed. Mrs. Ed. Nickels' (colored) house was completely covered with water, rihe did not save any of her furniture. Her loss is not very great in value, yet will be felt by her, as it was her all. Mr. John Kennedy's loss is very slight, only his fence being washed away. home small houses between John Kennedy's and the carriage factory were somewhat damaged, but not worthy of note. CRO.IER STREET Was almost cut in too, and not even a small path is left for pedestrians to reach liurr & lerrva mill without passing through mud six inches deep. About 5,000 suuare feet of earth has been washed out of this street at this point, and about 8 feet deep. 1 he lower floor of tlie carriage factory was covered wilh two feet of water. Mr. Eldridge says $100 will cover his loss. One half of the MARRY 8TKEF:T BRILfifc and the lower butment was washed away, as was also the dam of Rran ner's mill, the brick wall of tlie build ing, and the machinery of the same. It is estimated that Mr. iiranner's loss will amount to from Jl.ooo to $1,200. The Furniture Manufacturing Com pany, doing business at the old manu facturing department of Renshaw & Hacker are damaged to the amount of fc.300. C'has. Zeigc, who had just gotten his machinery iu order to manufac ture Uinn dust, near the Cumberland street bridge, has met with several hundred dollars loss, ills engine and machinery all being uuder water. There is a heavy wash on Kennedy street, which will cost the corporation considerable to till again. Clinch street, Cumlierland street, ami Main street bridges are washed away completely, as stated in yester day's issue. MINOR LOSSES. M '-('la iml,, an's mill is damaged large ly, but the amount of the loss is not known. Allen Andcr-on is '.'amaged to the , amount of several hundred dollars. ! Mr. M. J. Childie-s had to vacate Lis house, and it is estimated that he I is damaged to the amount of $300. A number f'f houses between J'rau I ner's mill and the mouth of First (',... L- L.l.l.lil,...! IIIMU,.. I..LJ .1, many being compelled to vacate, and can be estimated iu aggregate at sever al hundred dollars. HIXONI) CREEK'. This creek was also higher than it was ever known to be. It was at its greatest bight between J and 2 o'clock yesterday morning. This sudden rise was cau-ed by Hharp's dams giving away. Weaver Rros. the proprietors of Hie KNOXVILLK I'OTTERY, y... 1 tL frreate-t )os on this SADDLE TREE FACTORY. Koblhase tfc Kemper's upper shop. where they tanned their skins, was uailer water, and they lost some hide-; they can not tell now how many. Kemper & KohlhasM 0ati not esti mate their loss as yet. They picked np several hides from the upper shop iu the creek, and as the tan-vats were all under water yet, when we were around, they could not tell how many may have been carried away. Miey also lost several dozen saddle tree-, which had not been finished. Rosworth's mill, from present indi cations, has not had its worst yet, as tlie back waters of the river are creep ing slowly towards it. Yesterday even ing the only damage was the loss of the race. Mr. Peltier lost considerable in fene. ing anil good ground. He bad put his garden In good order, and now all the rich soil has been removed. Ooodin's store at the Main street bridge was under water and the goods had to be removed. The I'lumlee properly has the first floor under water, and only lacks six feet being to the second floor. The first floor of John Long's resi dence was covered with water. Aunt I'ollie Harris, a good natured old colored woman, sullered heavily, having to remove everything, her house being under water to the roof. It was only held to its place by a strong rope. Robert Turk, an old colored man, lamented the loss of all his earthly goods, amounting to from $.30 to iloo. A number of huts between Main street ami the river, occupied mostly by colored people, had to be abandon ed. In many instances the furniture, fec, of the occupants could be seen lying arouud loose ou the ground. Mayor (Staub estimates the loss to the Corporation at about $10,000, but frankly admitted that the general es timate is that the damage will amount to from $12,0U0 to $15,(ioo. Estimating the Corporation damage at $12,000 and the whole loss iu this city, leaving out all railroad pioperty, will amount to between 830,000 and $3.3,000. DAMAGE TO THE RAILROADS. The damage to the railroads in East Tennessee is at present beyond com putation. The East Tennessee, Vir ginia and Georgia road has never been so much damaged before. Bridges and trestle work ;have been swept awuy all along the line. The track is wash ed away at many points, while the track at other places has been filled by land slides.! .'o.iimencing with the wes tern terminus of the line, we give the following dispatch receive by the rail road nfllcials from CHATTANOOflA, which we are permitted to iis : tsmiih is at Chickamaug... He says the track is all right from 'leveland lo that point. The trestle at (Jhickamau ga has moved about two inches to day. Think it will wash out. He did not come west of Chickamauga. River very high, and still rising. FROM CLEVELAND TO DALTON The track is waahed out at three places between Cleveland and Dalton, on the Dalton branch of the road. Two of them have been repaired, and work is progressing on the other. Coming farther east, we have received the following dispatch from Charles ton, on the Hiwassee river : To the Editori of the Chronicle : Twospausof the railroad bridge at this place are gone. The river is as high as it was in March, 1807. The damage to property Is very heavy. McKNUiiiT. The track is washed out in three places between Athens and Riceville, and one between Athens and Mouse Creek. The culvert tine-half mile east of Philadelphia and fifty yards of track is washed away. Oue bridge and fifty yards of track gone from one mile west of Philadelphia. Retween Loudon and Lenoir's Station there are six slides and two hundred feet of em bankment gone. Four culverts are washed away between Knox ville and Lenoir's I-lation. EAST OF KNOXVILLE. From nil the informatlou received, It appears as if tlie ram iu upper East Tennessee has been equally as destruc tive as west of this plice. A slide near McMillan's K'ation has been already removed. There is a heavy slide near Fullen's (station, which will require two days to remove and clear the track of oltstruction. One hundred and six ty feet of track Is washed away west of Telford's (Station. FROM LEADVALK. Intelligence Lad been received from Load vale, where the Cincinnati, Cum berland (Jap and Charleston road crosses the French Broad river, to the effect that Mil the trestle of the rosd at that point lias been washed away from under the bridge, and that the river Is as high there as it was in 1807 and still rising. KNOXVILLE AND OHIO ROAD. A trestle over Knob Fork near Jno. Woods', south of Reaver Creek, is bro ken, and we hear of two or three serious sllrted. If the trains fir dw layed on this road many days Knox ville will have a coh! famine. The supply is shfirt now Hlid all that is for sale will be taken up very soon. KNOXVILLK AND CIIARLF:8TON ROAD. This road has suffered severely. The bridge over Pistol Creek near Mary ville is reported gone. The expensive bridge fiver Little River Is also gone. This is a very expensive fine, and with the present financial condition of the road, it is uncertain when it will be rebuilt. It is impossible now to esti mate the damages sustained by the roads, but they are very great. LATEST RAILROAD NEWS. At ten o'clock last night we learned that there are twenty-tlve breaks iu the road between here and Chattanoo ga. .Nothing has beeu heard from eighty miles if the road, between Knoxville and Bristol. LITTLE RIVER AND VUIN1TY. Mr. J. A. Brakebill, of the firm of Hodge & Brakebill, of this city, arriv ed from Rockford, Blount county, late yesterday afternoon from whom we learn that the Knoxville and Charles ton railroad bridge over Little river broke yesterday morning at 5 o'clock. Little river was four feet higher than in '07, when it was higher thaw ever known before. 1 1 commenced falling about two hours after the bridge broke. The river above Rokford and in many other places was a mile wide. :-everal dwellings were carried down Wednesday night and yesterday morning. reler Kule s House, one mile below Rockford, went yesterday morning. Kirby's mill near by was moved, and a later account says It is gone. Kennedy's mill three miles above Rockford was reported swept away. Houses which stood the tide of '07 went before the present. It is esti mated that five hundred thousand fence rails have been carried off by Little river, the whole being a total loss since the sudden rise would sweep them into the lennessee before that stream could have time to throw them back so as to efl'ect a lodgment by the oacK-waler. 1 lie Kocklord cotton mills are safe. Mr. Brakebill desuribts the destruction on Little river and the creeks of that viciulty as unparalleled. it is impos sible to even approximate a fiuaticial estimate ol tlie loss. jN early every turnpike bridge heard of was swept away. In coming ten miles to town our informant had rode about twenty five miles arouud broken bridges, etc. He saw in Bay's Mountain, near Rock ford, AN IMMENSE GULCH, Milu to nave neen washed out by a bursting cloud. Tuesday's rain did not melt the snow in the Chilhnwee Mountains, which is supposed to have given way uuder the warm showers of Wednesday night, and contributed no little to produce the unprecedented flood . STOCK CREEK. We bear that Stock Creek, in the southern portion ot the county, was higher than ever before known Bridges and fences were all swept awuy and farms much damaged. HINDS' VALLEY. e converged with a geiitlemau yesterday from north of the city, who informs us that (ira-sy Creek, a tribu tary of Beaver Creek, was very high The farmers in that valley, we hear, are more damaged than they were iu Ihtif. Hazen's paper mill, on Middlebrook has again suffered. A portion of the tiam is gone, anil it will take several days to repair it. What the extent of ttie damage Is we are unable to stale. Lones' mill-dam, on the same stream Is washed away, and the mill badly uamageu. mjI.L'RUN AND LEAVER CREEK Our information from the rich val leys through which these two creeks pass is of the same character as receiv edfrotu nearly e-ery quarter. We learn that all the county bridges on these creeks are gone, and that farmers have lost heavily in various ways. Mm aa MitMttrr. IVrom tbti Oreenerills Intell (t?orer It astonishes one who has witnessed the gieat effect on the agricultural progress of some of the older States by the use of lime, to see so little ofit tiseil in Tennessee where the land lias been worn out for the want of some sustain ing manure, and particularly so when nearly every farm has the very best of limestone on It. Thirty years" ago iu the States fit New Jersey and Penn- ylTanta, you might see old sedge fields or " poverty grass," as it is there call- i ed, in abundance. They had their large farms, worn out lands, poor fences and poverty homes, very much as the people in Tennessee now have. J hose of them that could, mustered the means, sought homes In the west and elsewhere, and left homes much more valuable than those they found, simply because they were ignorant of me real element of wealth ttiey pos sessed on these farms, viz: that of Lime. Afterward the use of this val uable manure become general, ami sooil the poor farms and "poverty grass" fields began to disappear, and a more prosperous condition of things developed themselves throughout the entire country. Fences were renewed, houses were built, and today there are no wealthier or more prosperous far mers to be found anywhere: and the foundation cause of this great change was the use of lime. Lime being a sea deposit composed of marineshells com- tuned with carbonic acid, it is an alka line earth, and in order to make it suit able for manure for laud, if has to be burnt in kilns to drive otr the carbonic acid. The action of lime on the land is more for the purpose of utilizing tlie vegetable matter and through itsalka- line qualities counteract or destroy the acidity of the soil and thereby make It productive, sorrel or oxalic acid plants can easily le destroyed by the use of nine, iiime also has a quality of des troying noxious weetls and converting them into manure, thus enriching the land making the soil lighter and more easily cultivated, also giving greater facilities for capillary attraction, giv ing it the quality of'holding water and witiistanditig drought. Jime In all instances when used as a manure must have negative matter to act upon, hence the poorer the soil the less quan tity of lime must be used. I trust the time will soon come when on every farm we shall see a retularlv con structed lime kiln and from Its use the same results will follow that it has been our privilege to witness else where. K. H. How To Kill ( iihlmge Worms. Cabbage are so nutritious and healthy its food for man and beast that we arc glad to tell our readers a (-lean and sure remedy against damage by worms, if ap plied in season. It is to sprinkle, a little wheat bran or ships-stuff over the plants when the yellow butterfly first appears, whose eggs make tint most common cab bage worms. Itiickwheat meal fir flour has been used with cfinullv srood results and probably corn meal will fill the breathing pores of the worms and kill them. A correspondent of the jVeic Yorl; Tribune says : In June, in going through mv carlv cabbage, I found one completely covered w ith the worm. Immediately J obtained a handful of bran and sprinkled it over the head. The worms began to squirm mil fall oil' the cabbage and wherever the; bran touched them they seemed to be in pain. The following morning they were all dead. Since that time, ou the first ap pearance of the worm 1 sow the bran. Some seasons it maybe necessary to do it the second time. If the worms are very thick, it is better to take a handful and sprinkle it over the cabbage. A hundred weight is ample for an acre. From I'owcll'n Klnllou. Powell's Station, Feb. 23th. To the Editors of the Chronicle: The rain was very heavy here. Bea ver creek is higher than It has been for many years. The railroad is cov ered with water for several hundred yards here. Wood's bridge cross Bea ver creek, oue mile from here, was washed away. Part of the railroad trestle crossing Nob Fork was washed away. There is great damage to the farmers; their fencing, their freshly plowed land, etc., being dreadfully washed. Torrents from the ridges car ried all the fencing in their paths. Ou the Knoxville and Ohio railroad there has been considerable slides in Chestnut ridge. The cut in Copper ridge has slid somewhat. The damage on the road will be repaired in a day or two so that the trains will run through. The energy of the Road Master, (Jeorge Kiuej, and bis sub ordinates, Is very commendable. He passed this place this morning walk lug the road and was compelled to wade water a foot deep as the track was covered and there was no chance to get around iu a reasonable distance, but Kin.el said the road must be look ed after ami he intended to go through to Carey villa if it was possible to do so. For the benefit of some of your cor respondents who have been criticising me, 1 put forth this, my platform: Considering the Chronicle to be the champion of dignified journalism in East Tennessee, I shall at nil times support it by giving it the latest news from my section, and Iu doing so I shall bo governed by facts as nearly as 1 can gather them. 1 shall mention all "pig stories," "snake stories," "crow stories," and every other re markable, though truthful story I hear of. I shall flespair of always telling the world things it doesn't already know, because the world lu general thinks that what it don't know isn't worth knowing. I shall, further, be governed by the promptings of xdlte n ess, aud shall never criticise a brother correspondent, except he first gets ou u.y coat-tail. Roy. f lnrlnnnll Southern Railroad. The Chattanooga Commercial in speaking of Major Hugh Carlisle, and the above road, says: The work ou that portion of tho road which termis nates south at Emory river, is being vigorously pushed, and will, it Is thought without doubt, be completed within the time specified in the con tracts. Mr. Carlisle has five sections of the road, Nos. 100 to 104 inclusive. Nos. 103 and 104 are tunnel work, said 'to be the most difllcult on the line, be ing driven through a flinty sandstone V bile there is a large number of bauds at work, there is a demand lor many more, and we know no better place for able-bodied men, now idle, to seek employment. The pay is liberal and prompt the treatment good. Mr. Carlisle himself needs five hun dred more hands. As an inducement to parties to seek work with him, we will say that he has beeu a contractor in the South twenty-seven years; that he has never had a man killed ou his work ; that he lias never failed to car ry out a contract, aud has always paid one hundred cents on the dollar ou his agreements. Mr. Carlisle would like also to purchase about twenty good mules If he can get them at rea sonable prices. ClMttanooya Commercial. A t.ood Tnkc Oft". We kuew he'd do it it Is so like him. Our Senator Stevenson, in his speech in the Senate tho other day, de clared that " he honored the people of Louisiana for their defense of their homes and firesides." Nay more, he pointedly exclaimed," If we must fall, let us stand beneath the crash of the falling Republic, and be buried in its ruins.'' Of course. Orand thought'. "If we fall, let us stand "a senti ment that will find a joyous response in the bosom of every constituent of the Senator, without regard to color, race, or previous condition of servi tude. "Stand" where? "Beneath the crash of tlie falling Republic, and be buried iu its ruins." Splendid climax! (ilorious catastrophe I The renowed Common wealth will stand by its noble Senator in this patriotic undertaking. Wn do not hesitate to defy that crash. Let it come ! Who's afraid'.' In the memorable language of (ieiiend Bawsou, " llaniiiation, Colonel (iiles, whin's my belnirt and my sword'.'" Louinviln Cotiimcriiat. - im Curio-ity is inherent in human na ture, It never tires and is never fully satisfied. Wise advestlsers take ad vantage of it: "Why!" said one mer chant to another, ",ou reading adver tisements; what U going to happen?" " Well," said J., " I am not, you see, reading advertisements for the fun of the thing, only wuntnl in hnmu what that old rut C. U vt to." That's all, and that Is why a good many people read advertisements at tiist and buy tlie goods, pei baps, afterwards.