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Knoxville Whig and chronicle. (Knoxville, Tenn.) 1875-1882, June 09, 1875, Image 4

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JlnoibUlc ft'dUchln Jftlbicj ana &(jnmicit : (ftlctmcstnn, unc 9, 1&Va.
'(? (Phtwtirh.
Kaoxvlllf Whlc ltnMttl IH'IO.
iMx-lll I hrMit'l KntitUllHlircl 170.
rtni-incn nv the
WM. G. nnOWSLoW, iV,V;,.i Editor.
WW. RULE, Mnmvjimi Editor.
One --op.v.oiie year
'.Ina'eopy, Ax irii.nthc
rir'l'ir. one veiir
Twenty eopien. one j-eur
: ro
1 (II
', i 0
l (HI
Hon. V. II. Stephens failing
last winter to beat " Androo" John
son f. r tin- United .State Senate lias
gone to California.
Wendell Phillips thinks t lint in
spite of Gen. Grant's letter declaring
a third term, that the Republican
party should insi.-t on ruuuing bini.
The New York Jfrrnhl is engag
ed in getting the opinions of every
body and their cousins on the third
term nonsense. It must have some
thing to talk about.
Mrs. Hatutiy, wife of Adjutant
General V. 14. Hamby, of Ciov. Por
ter's staff, died at the Commercial Ho
tel iu Nashville, Wednesday morning.
Her remains were taken to Pari for
Jefferson Davis lias written a
letter to the .St. Louis Time to say
that he doesn't arree with Sherman
in certain statements made in the
much talked of memoirs. Sherman
no doulit feels very hadly about it.
Gen. Jno. ..1. Harluu, Republi
can candidate lor Governor in Ken
tucky, has aiguille I his intention of
meeting his .Democratic competitor,
Col. McCreary, iu a joint con vassof the
State. Gen. Harlan stands without a
superior in the State of Kentucky, as a
stump speaker.
The New York Evening I'ost,
speaking of the President's letter on the
third term question, says : " The com
mon seuse of the people will construe
the letter and rightly as an une
quivocal disavowal, by a mau who is
not a dissembler, of all purpose and
desire of a reuominatiou to the Presi
dency." Another encoursgiDg prospect
ef the improvement of public
sentiment, Is the suspension
of Alex. ..St. Clair Ahrams'
Atlnota rirn It wns a regular tire
eating sheet, constantly fighting over
the battles of the war. It has run its
race,however,an l no one mourns over
its departure.
It will be seen thut our Granger
frieuus have decided to take hold of
the Eastern Division Fair, aud have
made an organization. They will hold
a fair this fall, as will he seen. We
wish the new organization success,
and will contribute all in our power to
render it to. We believe, if properly
managed, it is for the general benefit,
aud in an enterprise of this kind, we
do not allow any to excel us in zealous
The Southern C'uMo'i'c.pullished
at Memphis, compliments the senior
editor of this paper with a column of
personal abuse. We say "compli
ments " because we esteem it iu that
light. Judging from the character of
this particular editorial, this is about
the only way the editor of that paper
could really compliment any one.
There are men whose ill will uud
enmify is more to be desired than their
The St. Louij Globe-Democrat
conies to us now in quarto form. It is
one of the best conducted papers in the
West, ami is established on a perfectly
independent basis. It is a newspaper
worthy of the great metropolis in
which it is published, and exerts an
influence that can not be oer-eslima-ted.
It is thoroughly Republican In
politic, which fact, however, robs it of
none of the independence which at
taches to a reliable newspaper.
The Nashville JJanner carries
the third term business a little farther
thau average Democratic organs do.
It objects to Gen. Hayes, the Repub
lican nominee for Governor in Ohio,
because he has heretofore held the of
fice two terms, notwithstanding two
terms have Intervened since he retired.
This 1 about as valid an objection as
we would look for from a bourbon
source, but the Banner protested come
time ago that it didn't belong to that
The Khelbyvllle Commercial,
apeaklng of the Presidential election,
ays: " With tried, true and able
leaders, and a pUtfonn of principles in
keeping with the ancient faith and
doctrines of the party, the Democracy
will sweep the country from Maine to
California. To do thin, genuine Denp
ocraU must rule in choosing candi
dates." To put the matter in a per
fectly practical shape, so all will under
stand what It weans, it mentions the
names of Andrew Johnson, of Tennes
see, and Win. Allen, of Ohio, as Its
Some time ago, we wrote an edito
rial in which we gave it as our opin
ion, that the Courts of our day are
not respected as Courts once were
and an they should lie nirain. With
out the Courts arc dignified, and rigid
in the enforcement of rules for tlicir
own protection, they can not, or will
not command the respect due them.
What we said of tlio Courts of the
country applies in some sense to the
profession and especially that of
journalism. The press of to-day is
very different from the press of a few
years au;o. A half century ao, the
political press of the country was
more partisan in its character than
now, hut at the same time it was free
from a great many things that bring
the press of to-day into disrepute.
Then printing material was costly,
and it took no little money t
even a weekly paper. At tiiat time,
personal organs were expensive lux
uries, and consequently there were
fewer of them. Now there are scores
of little, corrupt politicians all over
the land who boast of their personal
organs v:-'iklj papers started Cor no
purpose on earth but to advocate the
claims of their owners for a seat iu
the Legislature or Congress, or some
other official position. Having such
an idea in view, as a matter of course
they care nothing about principle.
They will do or say anything that
will temporarily advance the interests
of certain individuals, whether it be
true or false. Of course such papers
are a disgrace to journalism. They
are up when their owners (who gen
erally remain in the background and
put forward some unscrupulous, un
reliable individual as editor) are up,
and suspend when they see they are
repudiated by the people. It is as
tonishing how many papers have been
started in the country with no better
basis than this. It is this class of
journals that has brought the press of
to-day into disrepute. They make
loud professions of independence and
honesty sometimes, but seldom de
ceive any one thereby. It is prepos
terous for a newspaper to talk about
independence, when its editor carries
around his neck the collar of some
corrupt, ambitious place-hunter, and
thus always displays " whose dog he
is." Tho time will come when public
opinion will take these pirates of
journalism for their real worth, and
then they will s!nk into oblivion.
Then the press will become purified,
and will be respected as it deserves.
Those Democratic journalists who
have tried so hard to get up a sensa
tion on. the third term business, will
now have time and space we trust, to
tell the country how they stand on
other questions of more vital impor
tance. They promise great reforms,
it will therefore lio in order for them to
tell what they propose to do. If the
party is going to be united on the
questions of the tariif, the currency,
aud other financial questions, we
would like to know what position
they will take. If they propose
to reform the civil service,
let them tell in what wav.
Have they renounced the fundamental
Democratic idea that " to the victors
belong the spoils?" and if sq, when
did they do it? There arc several
States iu the Union with Democratic
Governors, but we have failed to
notice in a single instance where
other than Democrats were appointed
by them to positions of honor and
profit. The country will learn in
time, if has not already, that Demo
cratic premises are easily made, but
just as easily broken.
Henry L. Dawes, of Massachusetts, buys
"there is timo enough to make arid kill a
dozen Presidential aspirant during the
next year." Jftw that Grunt i supposed to
be oil' the track, let the other aspirants Le
trotted out. Union and American.
Just possess your souls in patience,
gentlemen. In its own good time the
Republican party will "trot out" its
candidate, and in 1870 he will come
out ahead. Attend to your own part
oi mo race, lou may have sonic
difficulty in settling upon who is to be
"trotted out" froju the Democratic
stables, to contend for tho honor of
being distanced.
TuKtiu is in the following from the
Nashville Baitimr, a lesson and a Bug'
gestion worthy of note and we com.
mend it to our readers :
Curt loadi of green peas art new almost
daily shipped north from thin ty. A fe
weeks earlier greens were shipped north
from here in great quantities. This is
healthy sign. If this tiling continues
will soon settle the question of an equitable
distribution of the currency. As lone as
we produce from the soil by out own in
dustrythat which brings money, tho money
u sure to come. We hope the canned fruit
business will recelre a large share of atten
tion this summer. The blackberry crop,
for instance, is one crop that rarely fuils.
Elsewhere wo copy in full tho ad
mirable platform adopted by the
State Republican Convention in Ohio
on Wednesday. We call special at
tention to these resolutions :
" Fourth We stand hj free education
our public school system, the taxntion of ll
for its support, and no dirisiop nf the
school fund.
" Fifth t inier our Itopul!iciM ysteii
of Government, there should li- o i o i ec
ticm, director indirect, between 'hnrch and
State, and wo oppoto all legislation in the
intert-Ft of any particular sect. Upon this
subject wc should nut fail to profit hy the
experience of fureijrii Clovcrnmi'ii s, where
the efforH of tho Church to ciitrol the
State constitute an e vil of groat magnitude,
and endangers the power and prosperity of
tho people.''
The issue foreshadowed in these
resolutions is one that can not lie
evaded in Ohio. The people there
have had the question presented to
them in such a practical shape, that
they understand it in all its bearings,
and they intend that those who
ask for positions as State officers
and as members of the Legislature,
shall tell where they stand.
This is not a war against the pecu
liar belief, or religious ceremonies, or
form of worship practiced by the Ro
man Catholics. Ohio Republicans
nor Republicans anywhere else pro
pose to interfere with men's con
sciences. Rut there is a sect in our
land, that makes an arbitrary demand
where its leaders think they may
safely do so, for a division of the free
school fund. They demand that a
certain portion of it shall be set
aside to them, to be used for the main
tenance of their sectarian schools.
They profess to believe that the free
schools of the age, conducted as they
are all over the United States, are
" Godless schools," and that it is dan
gerous for Catholic parents to have
their children educated in them
This they make the pretext for a di
vision, and in Ohio have defiantly
given out that they will carry their
cause to the ballot box and force a
recognition of their demands.
It is this feeling, this sentiment;
this ecclesiastical dogma, if you
please, that the Republican party in
tends to fight. It is this division of
the school fund thus defiantly de
manded, and not the religion of the
Roman Catholic Church, against
which the light is to be made. If the
Roman Catholics have a right to any
proportion of the school fund, to be
controlled by their priesthood, then
the Episcopalians have a right to
demand their proportion ; the Bap
tists have a right to their proportion,
the Presbyterians theirs, tho Metho-
lists theirs, and so on. Thus, in
stead of one great common school
fund, devoted to the improvement of
the rising generation, we would have
a dozzen, or a score of insignificant
funds, managed and controlled inde
pendently of each other, the pritno
object of each being to build up a
particular sect. In that case the free
school system would become a hiss
and a by-word, and would forfeit the
respect of all intelligent people.
Such a policy is contrary to the ge
nius of our free government, and will
not succeed. In the lanrua:o of the
second resolution published above,
the " efforts of the Church to control
the State constitute an evil of great
magnitude, and endangers the power
and prosperity of the people." It is
far wore dangerous and much more
to be feared than the ghftst of C.esar
ism, with which sensational or small
fry newspapers attempt to frighten
timid patriots.
Judge Taft, who was a prominent
candidate before the Convention at
Columbus for Governor, in a speech
ratifying the action of tho Conven
tion in nominating ex-Gov. Hayes,
made these admirable remarks :
" Teis division of this fund among the
churches or seels would be as fatal to the
school system as tho dissolution of ourpo-
litical union would be to our political pow
er. Without ourcouimon schools our liber-
tics uro dangerous, our ballots dangerous ;
without them we can not bare the largest
liberty, civil and political, in safety. I be
lieve that they who now would divide the
schools will, sooner or later, yield to the
geuiuii of Itepublicaniain, and be satisfied
to give religious instruction and worship in
the family and church, while the Slate,
with sovereign will, attends to the great
duly of making this education univorsal,
through the best system of common schools
the world over saw.'1
Those simple-minded people who
have been so unsophisticated as to
attach any importance to Democratic
declarations ubout fairness in clec
tions, have had their eyes opened by
the shameless partisan proceedings in
New Hampshire. If thcro is any
one trait for which Democratic lead
ers are more conspicuous than another
it is unblushing hypoericy. They
will raise a great howl over any tin
fairness on tho part of others, but
give them a chance, and they will
put Satan himself to shame by tho
audacity of tlicir assumptions. They
will have to wait until the present
reiteration have all nnssod awav I..
1 iv. (i..,.. ...;n .1 ...
iuiv. lihj ,m viuvciu imy wilt' Ull tills
Tin; following sentiment, expressed
iu a late number of the Memphis
Anrnl, contains a truth which we
fear but few of our Southern people
fully appreciate :
"The South is pwr, its industries arc
impaired, and its resources and wealth uro
undeveloped. Tho abolition of slavery left
us without commercial freedom and the
financial slaves of tho money power of the
North. Perhaps wo take n view of the
present too much colored by t he hard lif;ht
of dollars and nickels, but no peoplo who
are in commercial and financial slavery or
dependence can have n marked influence
upon the legislation or government or civ.
ilization of tho day. It is not to reduce the
problems of publio and private life ton
mere matter of money, but the saying of
Dean Swift, that money is iadependencn,
applies to a people with more force than to
the man or citizen."
We believe that whenever the peo
ple of the South fully understand the
true situation of affairs, as indicated
in the foregoing extract from the
Ajijiinl, from that time henceforth our
condition will improve. We are, in a
certain sense, the slaves of our
wealthier Northern neighbors. We
buy more from them than we sell to
them; and, whilo this remains true,
we arc to a great extent at their
mercy. Whenever we reach the point
at which we can sell as much as we
bii", or more, then will our condition
improve, and our influence socially
and politically become greater.
Our Climate.
We have received so many inqui
ries, recently, about the climate of
East Tennessee, aud being unable to
answer ull these iiiuuiries, exceiit
throuKh the columns of the Wmu
ASUt'HKUMChB, we tubmit the foN
lowing from Col. J. 15. Killebrew's
Jlcsoureci of I'enncMee, which will be
found correct :
East Tennessee has a climate more
equable und pleaiuut than thut of
any other part of North America, eut
of the Kocky Mountains. It lies be
tween parallels 3-j" and ;SG Y north.
aud its mean nltiiudu is 1,0110 feel J
above the sea level. The tirevailiuu
winds are from the south-west und
west, and they bring u coiistunt and
beautiful sui'iily of rain from thedulf
of Mexico.
Knoxville is the geographical cen
ter of East Tennessee, und it occupies
a menu elavntiou' too, so that it may
he taken us the cliinutio center also.
This is fortunate, since It Is only at
Knoxville that regular observations
were luken. On this point we can not
do better than quote from the " Ooolo
gy of Tennessee," by Prof. Jas. M.
fia fl".rd:
I'ie Hummer mean at Knoxville,
which bus been placed at 73 ti' Is about
that of Philadelphia, Pa.; as well us
thut of several points in central Vir
ginia, of Cincinnati, Louisville Ky.,
southern Indiana und central Illinois.
It is, loo, I may add, that of the cen
tral part of fq.nin, unit the northern
part of Italy. The summer of the East
Tennessee Valley is, therefore, con
sidering the vulley-like character and
its low altitude, a comparatively cool
one. This is mostly dun to the con
siderable elevution of the region above
the si-u.
According to very eaicfiil observu
tions made at the East Tennessee
University, under the din-ciion of the
United (States Signal Service, at Knox
ville, Tin mem temperature for I lie yesr is V
'ahe nien btat fr the ouuiuiur is 74
llie lueaa coM lor winter lit 4-.
Avernfte luaximuia temperature,. ......9'
Average minimum J1
The result is a mild and equable cli
mate that combines delightfully the
temperate aud tropical, without the
extremes of either.
The mountains on eitherside protect
the valley from the blighting and chil
ling northern and northwestern winds
thut so scourge the plains of the north
west while they act as natural con
duit for the milder and gentler winds
that come from the Oulf of Mexico.
But even these are tempered Into pleas
ant breer.es, by the spurs or cross sec
tions of mountains before mentioned
us breaking out from the main ranges.
Thus it comes, that while It is a very
.rare occurence to see the aneuomeler
standing still, destructive storms are
never experienced.
Genenal Marion's Headquarters.
Xow that centennial relics and remin
iscences are being hunted up, It may not
lie amiss to mention the fact thut lu the
business part of the village ol Conway-
ixiro , 1 lurry county, b. t ;., stands a house
once the headquarters of General Marion
during a portion of his cunipaigns on the
urcat l eeilce river. It was then
planter s residence, a two story Iruine
building, and built entirely of cypres. It
was moved to Couwayhoro' about the
year IVJl, and put on the hill in front of
the present Methodist Church, and was
the residence ol the Singletons. In IS 13
it was moved by Captain II. liuck to the
corner next to the court house, where it
now stands, and U occupied hy Mr. II. II
lturrouglis as a store. In 1853 it under
went a considerable change ; an addition
was put to It ; the old cypress weather-
boarding taken oil aud pine put on ; the
old cypress frame ami celling, below aud
above, Is the first used, and is yet in a
perfect state of preservation.
F.arnralnn In I ho Lake Trie lainntl.
Louisvira.K, Kv., May 31, '75.
One week ago to day, with the ther-
.nometer above 70 and a profusion of
dust equal to niidsumun r, the writer
hereof, in company with bis better
half, left Knoxville for flying trip to
Put-in-llay. The object of the Hip
i n a bth-f respite from the tr.ad mill
! routine ol . .liioriid li t- und ihe occa-
! sioii
'f ii, ho excursion planned by
jsoine philanthropic, Ohio gentlemen
who have uu eye t(J the welf.ire of the
much uliused aud we fear unappre
ciated editorial prolersion. Nothing
worthy of note happened on our
tcitiuiis journey to the (iueen City,
iniiile doubly so by the very hot weath
er, except that, owing to a recent
change of schedule, We lasted from
supper ut tSievensou, Alabama, until
supper again ul the liihso:i House iu
Cincinnati, which ciu.-ed us to enjoy
the latter with uu emphasis. This
lutter city was the point of reudtzvou.-,
the time for starting U:lo a. M., May
Repairing ut that hour to
the Pearl .Sireet Depot, we
found ourselves without deluy
or a special train provided for
the occasion, consisting of a splendid
new engine, named " D. W. C
Urown," in honor of the energetic
General Manager of the Cincinnati.
.Sandusky and Cleveland Kuilrouil, lo
geiher with baggage car, smoking car,
and two elegant new parlor coaches.
r or beauty, elegance und comfort these
latter can not tie excelled. The Im
mense plate glass windows enables oc
cupants tosee out Irom either sideline)
obtuiii a good view of the flue country
luruuiiu wuicii itie line passes. We
sturted promptly, almost at the
exact time mentioned iu t tie
printed programmes, and were
soon whizzing away through -the su-
tiurbs ot Cincinnati, mid then into the
Miami Valley. I u two hours aud ten
minutes we were at Hnriiiutield. 81
miles uwiiy, having stopped five times.
Soon we reached liellefontuine, where
the entile party partook of an excel
lent lunch ut the Brauhuiii House.
Here we bail the pleasure of meetinir
Mr. W. A. Campbell, of the firm i
Campbell &. Dow, of Kuoxville, with
bis accomplished wife, and our plea
sure was heightened when we learned
they would accompany us oh the ex
cursion. At 4:40 I M. we reached the
city of ,-andusky, on the .Lake Erie
shore, and iu a short time were
on board ttie steamer Jav
Cooke, sailing majestically across
the beautiful iake. SVe bad experi
enced inconvenience before leuviiiir
Cincinnati ou account of the great
beat, but now heavy shawls and over
coats were in demand. It was a beauti
ful evening, aud the hike scenery was
very iiiucu enjoyeu.
In about an hour from the time we
left the dock ut Sandusky we were
drawn up ut the wharf at Ktllev's
Island. A large party of fishermen
from various portions of Ohio hud pre
ceded us, it being the heightli of the
tiass season, so thai the gentlemanly
proprietor oi me isiaini House experi
enced some difficulty in furnishing ac
commodations for his truesls. But
he wus equal to the emer
gency, und no reasonable man bud
occasion to complain. He demonstra
ted itie tact that in a hotel as well us
iu un oiunihus-there is always room
for one more. He made every effort
to render bis guests comfortable, and
succeeded udmirubly.
I't'iiialning here until Thursday
morning, the purty again embarked on
the elegant steamer Jay Cooke, and
took a trip around Put-in Bay, pass
ing around Kelley's Island, getting
lino views of Kattlesnake island, Mid
dle Burs Island, and Uibraller. upon
which Jay Cooke built bis handsome
summer residence, uud upon which he
now uvea temporarily. A little after
ten o'clock, A. M., we landed ut the
Put-In-Hay House pier, and were wel
comed cordially by Col. Sweeney and
iir. west, proprietors nt the house.
The names of ladies and gentlt
men comprising the party hav
ing been register;!!, we were
all sto .ved uway in a remarkably short
time in huge, well ventillated rooms
with clean beds, Tine furniture, etc.
The hotel is veiy commodious, ar
ranged with all modern conveniences,
is well kept, and, being situated ou
one of the loveliest spots on the globe,
miikes this, during the summer
mouths, aluiost a paradise. As a sum
mer resort these islands stand without
a rival.
Iu due time dinner was announced,
after partaking of which with a keen
relish, the excursionists spent the
evening in various ways. Some went
to Perry's Cave, named iu honor of
Commodore Perry, some to Oibralter,
some to Middle Bass Island aud some,
including the writer, lu company with
Mr. W. A. Campbell, went fishing,
our better halves accompanying us
to the shore, but no further, much to
our regret aud disappointment. We
found that as disciples of I.aak Wal
ton e were a decided success. After
two hours fuithful angling Mr. Camp
bell succeeded in taking four tine
striped uud black bass, while "these
few Hues" counted only three. But
still it wus interesting. Home gentle
men the same evening caught as many
as sixty, weighing from one-aud-a-
hulf to three pounds. Buss fishing is
tine sport, aud at this season attracts
thousauds of persons to the lakes, who
nan only ior amusement.
After supper in the evening, the
large ball room was for a time the ceu
ter of attraction aud numerous feet
kept time to the music of the fine
string band kept at the Put-in-Bav
House. At nlue o'clock a large num
ber oi me party accepted an Invitation
to a lunch at the Beebe House, where
there was something more than a
"feast of reason aud a flow of soul."
Tousts were prepared and responded to
py major vv. u. Htcitnaru, or the JJav
ton Journal : C. W. Thomas, of the
Cincinnati Timet, aud Mrs. Jordan, of
tue iticntuonu (luu.) jnaepenaent.
At 7:31) Friday morning we em
barked on the steamer Gazette for Han-
dusky, where, after partaking of au
elegant, breakfast at the West House,
and at 11 a. m., the party having be
gan to break up some of them remain
ing at Sandusky, while the remainder
leu Southward ou the same train
upon which we had taken pis-ag" lo
Hiiiplusky. We arrived at. Cincinnati
flftpen minutes In advance nf the 'Ime
laid down in the original programme.
The trip has beeli an exceedingly
plea-ant one. Although strangers to
neatly all the party, we have found
them sociable and agreeable compan
ions without exception. We are under
special obligations to I. W. ('. BroTti,
General Manager nf the Cincinnati,
Sandusky and Clevelitid Kailrond,
and H. H. Shoemaker. Superintend
ent of the Citieinnul I I):vlsiou of the
Cleveland. Columbus, Cincinnati and
Inilluniipolis Railway, who were with
the exciirsiotiin person, for courle-ies
shown us. Mr. I. 1. Mack, of iheSin
dusky Ki-t'iKtrr, joined th- party at the
outset in Cincinnati, mid lv his cour
tesy and " inexhaustible "' politeness
milled very greatly to t lie pleasure of
the occasion. The proprietors of the
Island House, at Kelly' Island, of
the Put-In-Bay House and Bi-ebe
House, at Put-in-Bay Island, of the
West House, at Suticlu-ky, and the
Brnnhuni House, at Bellefo'ntaine, de
serve special mention for their ho-pi-tuble
treatment of the excursionists.
The excursion was better planned
and executed than suythlng of the kind
we have witnessed. It showed a sys
tem very creditable to those concern
ed. The programme was followed
throughout, no time being lost nny
where, aud not a single accident oc
curring to mar the pleasure of the
occasion. We nre thoroughly con
vinced, -that as a summer resort, these
Lake Erie Islands stand without a
superior In the United States. In the
hot summer months the lake breezes
can but be healthful and in viitnrating
Persons desiring to reach them can
find no more pleasant or cheaper route
than the one wc have mentioned.
Having spent one day in the (jueen
City, admiring her push and indomi
table enterprise, we took passage at
noon yesterday ou the superb 'mail
steamer United States and this morn
ing woke up in the Metropolis of Ken
tucky. Before this reaches the eyes of
the readers of the CitKoNtci.K we hope
to be at our post again. w. k.
A I'nlntnl, llllly I'lnf form.
The following platform of principles
was adopted by the lurge and enthusi
astic Republican Stale Convention
which met ut Columbus on Wednes
day :
The Republicans of Ohio, in conven
tion a-se m hied, lealliniiing the cardi
nal principles of their organization,
which have become received maxims
of policy, State and national, declare
on specific points the scries of senti
ments following :
Eitst The S: ales are one as a nation,
and all citizens are equal under the
laws, and entitled to their fullest pro
lection. Stcoict That the policy of finance
should be steadily pursued which,
without unnecessary shock to business
or triple, will ultimately equalize the
purchasing etipucity of thy coin and
paper dollar.
Third We are iu favor of a tariff for
revenue, with incidental protection to
American industry.
Fourth We stand by free education,
our public school system, tho taxatiou
of all for its support, uud no division
of I he school fund.
Fifth Under our Republican sys
tem of irovemmenl there should be no
connection, direct or indirect, between
Church and State, and we oppose all
legislation hi the interest ot any par
ticular sect. Upon this subject we
should not fail to profit by the exper
ience 01 loreigu governments, where
the elloris of the Church to control the
State constitute an evil of great inag-
nuiiiie, ami endangers the power and
prosperity of the people.
Mxlh We demand sueti a revision
of the patent laws as will relieve iu
dustry from the oppression of mon
opolies in administration.
.seventh A grateful people can
never cease to remember the services
of our soldiers and suilois, aud it is
due to them that liberality aud gen
erosity should obtain iu the adjust
ment or pay mid bounties.
Eighth I hut we demand that the
public domain shall lie scrupul.ius) v
reserved for occupancy by actual set
tlers. Ninth The determination of the
government to collect the revenue, and
prevent ami puntsii munis, lias our
unqualified approvul.
Tenth That the power of municipal
corporutions to create debts should lie
restricted, and local and other expend
itures should ho so reduced us to di
minish taxation.
Eleventh The observance of Wash
ington's example, hi retiring at the
close of a second Presidential term,
will he in the future, as it lias been in
the past, regarded as a fundamental
rule iu the unwritten Uw of the Re
public. Twelfth The distinguished success
of his administration, which, to the
fame of the patriot and soldier has ad
ded that of the capable and judicious
statesman, entitles President Grant to
the grutitude of his countrymen.
Good-Bye, Grasshopper.
S.eeinl Dispatch to the Kaunu City Tiuea
'Cokkkkviu.k, Kan., May 2. The
Courier has letters ro-dov fi-tmi nil ii-tj
of tho county, which give the most cheer
ful accounts of tho prosperous condition
of the crops. Tho universal declaration
Is that double the acreage of wheut over
usi jer win uu narvesicu mis year, and
a third more corn than last. The grass
hoppers have done some damage In the
Verdigris river bottoms, but to the sur
prise of everybody, they began flying yes
terday, aud to-day, "w hero three days ago
tho fields were covered, there Is not a
grasshopper to bo seen. So damage has
been done on the uplands and on the
creek bottoms. Tho farmers and people
generally aro In better spirits than ! ever
and the rejoicing is universal.
Back files of the Ciuciunati Catholic
Telrgraph will be of great service iu
the Ohio campaign. Thut journal has
been for years warring against the
publio school system, and boldly as
serting thut the Democratic party
owed Its ascendancy iu Ohio to the
Catholic vote. We have no tuste for a
political controversy which lias relig
ion for its basis ; but if religion aud
polities are to unite on the oue side for
a raid against the publio schools, there
must of necessity be a union of re
ligion and politics on the other side to
repel the raid. Hayes and the Repub
lican of Ohio are the meu for the
busiuess. St. Louin (Jlol Democrat.

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