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imprbillc c&lcckln ttelbicj ant) Chronicle : $Ictmcstian, $uln 28, 1875. Wh & &hronhh. Knnvvllle Whlir 'lillllhr.l ls:l. Hnomtlllpi liroiilrle .iIhIIiviI IsTO. WEDNESDAY, JUL-Y2S, 1S73. The people of Tennessee would regard un extra session of l lie Legisla ture as an infliction equal to a visita tiou of Grasshoppers. The cool iihmi of t!ie Press and llcrahl towards Governor Porter and big administration, Is in pleasant con trast with this unusually hot season. , Sam Randall claims that lie low oue hundred votes pledged to him for the (Speakership of the next House, which is more than enough to carry the Democratic caucus. Those who take an Interest In the wheat market will 11 ml some items of interest In a London dispatch publish ed this morning givl ng an extract from the Mark Lane Express. We trust our country friends will not underrate the iniportnnce of drying blackberries. The almost unl versal fallureof the fruit crop will make the blackberry crop more profitable than usual. The Press and Herald made a fiercer" assault on Judge Trigg yes terday, by publishing the paragraph given elsewhere, than we hd thought of making. He uiay very appropriate ly exclaim, "Save one from my friends!" The ISt. Louis Globe Democrat says: " If old Bill Allen were not the Democratic candidate for Governor in the Ohio campaign, we should judge from his speeches that he was in the pay of the Republicans. He certainly is helping them mightily." Reports from the country repre sent the roads in a most deplorable condition since the late raius. We have tlie most contemptible road law in existeuce aud it, even, is not enforc ed. If a liilie overhauling of Road Over seers were done it would have a good t-ffcC'. Gov. Allen has opened the cam paign in Ohio, by making a speech at Newark. The Commercial compli ments it by saying: " There is not a sentence in which the Governor rises above the worst temper, and poorest twaddle of a f.mrth-rate politician." And again. " it is very weak 1 miserable." It appear-from our liisiutches this morning, that t!.e defalcation of George X' Jackson, Deputy Internal' Revenue Collector at Lmi-'vilie, Ken tucky, amount to over SSOOuo. Soon after the defalcation was discoveied, he died under ciicum-tances which led many to believe he had taken poison, He stood well in the community, nod whs a vestryman i'l the Reformed Episc ipal Church. It is believed by ni.my that a sane man never deliberately com mi t BUicide. If tiits h true, it might with equal piopriety be urjed that no sane mat) ever attempts so hazardous 11 feat as that of Iof. Donal.l-.on, at Chicaao last week. A balloon ascension near so large a body of water looks very much like deiil.i r ilo suicide, and yet men for a little brief notoriety will face di a h in various forms. Tiiki:e bus never been a time since the Government undertook the task of supplementing the, "red man's" butfalo and venison with " hard tack." blankets ami whisky, through the Indian Bureau, that stealing was not a part of the performance. We pre sume there never will be. The op portunity is so good that these thieves and rascals naturally seek positions as Indian Agents, where they cau car ry on their theft without immediate danger of detection. A commotion has recently been created by a letter j written by Prof. Marsh, of Yale Col- i1'' tu0 people, or this Rebel War lege, who witnessed, as lie says, some 1 lla 1 St jt hn l' the indig things at the Red Cloud Agency that j n:l"t protest of East Tennessee, as demand investigation. Upon his i expressed through this paper. And statement, an investigation has been j vet the Prwh.d - all the ordered, and we trust the truth may ! li"ie heen silent. We have advocat be obtained. If partie-i are guilty as ' p'1 expansion of the currency: we he charges, let them be made to sUr. : have favored tho issuance by Con fer the penalties of the law. ! gross of more green backs, but we Ills Hunou. Ju l."; i rig.', ki rived in ilic I ' city, l,t right, t.y .'he 11 oV.,,-k m.in frAa 1 Mlw- v-1"'t'"'r our - 111 this regard the E-,st. Tim Ju 1-e ieokei (juite will, and I nrt' earned out by the country, when walked up street to Uie Lamar Hou-e, pre- ' weighed in the balance with the great ferring to walk although vehicles were at j calamity which would be inflicted up his Fervic.-V nadll. .raid, Friday. ! tilC. tountV bv the accession to W.rretthe nec--y for ,a.i.,g that ; fJ, Le cm,ru, ic m tl.ii announcement was pronged by the K)l .. lh.tt t,;u j, reports tliut had been indiistriou.-.ly keri ,,,,,,, , ,. ,. ...... . , "ii'l Jlrrnl-1 harbors such Iceunirs, but up about the Court-room, nml about our streets, to eiluct that Judgs Trig- was lying j tlie VM'xi' Mipported by that paper drunk at liriaiol an 1 was coming down on j hate the National currency, because Thursday's iruiu in a suta of intoxication, j it is the symbol and representative It was io contradiction of such Blunder- , f the na'.ion anl of the suppression u,,"ut ""uv' 'l' merit was made. Press ttnd Jl'.rald, i' n- tcrday. Wc must sa' that among all the unfavorable comments we heard about Judge Trigg's failure to arrive on time last week, and open come, we never once heard such rumors as spoken of in tho above paragraph. We con versed with " a largo number of gen tlemen about the tardiness of the Judge, but none of them alleded such a cause as that intimated in the Press awl Herald. THE CURRENCY QUESTION. Our cotcmpcrary of the Pre nml ILritbl, in its issue of Thursday, re news its request of several days pre vious that the editor of this paper define his position on the question of e.rjniwl!ii'j the currency, now ngitating the public mind. Wc assure our i neighbor that our failure to sooner respond to its request has not resulted from discourtesy to it, any more than an unwillingness to state our position on any question now before the peo ple or any likely to come before them hereafter. Our neighbor may accuse us of ego tism, but we will say, nevertheless, that we had supposed our position on this subject was pretty well known in East Tennessee. About two years ago when the financial pauie came up on the country, the editor of this pa per, in a speech in the Senate, which was very generally circulated in Ten nessee, declared for the issuance of more greenbacks and for "Free Bank ing." Congress subsequently adopted our views so far as free banking was concerned, and expanded the currency to the extent of about forty millions, though it did not expand it to the ex tent we advocated. The vote on this subject was not a party vote, but Democrats ami Republicans alike di vided on the propriety of issuing more paper money. With banking privileges fume, so that no class shall have in this regard exclusive privileges, but that even man in every section shall start a Na tional Bank who has the means and disposition to do so, very much good has been accomplished. And under this law the volume of currency in the ditferent sections of the country will be regulated to a great extent by the demand for it. Only a lew months ago this ques tion of " expansion of the currency " came up again in Tennessee, ami cre ated so great an excitement through out the .State that every Democratic paper which was read by us gave an unequivocal expression of its views, except the Knoxville Vr spinel II, fill. The Democratic Supreme C'cmrt ot Ten nessee gave a decision, that the people of Tennessee, through tlirir agent, the Bank of Tennesse, wore liable for the redemption of a portion of the Rebel War debt, known as tin ' Torbett Issues." So well pleased with this mode of ' expanding the currency" were the ! .. IL r l i's party that every daily Democratic paper in Ten nessee which we saw. endorsed the decision, except the 7Ve. and 11 rC.d, and that paper was as silent :rs the grave. For weeks we called upon it to define its position on this Demo cratic method of expanding the cur rency, and to this good hour it has refused to do so. Resides one branch of our Democratic Legislature was so well pleased with this decision, that it instructed the Attorney-General not to appeal in behalf of the tax payers to the Supreme Court of the United States, and that, too, when everybod expected that the Supreme Court would decide that the rebel "rag mon ey" issued by Ishtuu G. Harris, would, in accordance with this decision, be made receivable for taxes. The other branch of the Legisla ture would have formally put itself 011 record as demanding the payment, Of f, rebellion, nod iftt. brnl the pov. r it would give the country more "expansion" than it needs, or than we have ever advocated. In all these Southern States we would have the Tennessee experiment repeated of ex panding the currency, by taxing the people to pay the Rebel War debt. As in the case of making our tax payers, through their agent, tho bank of Tennessee, liable for tho Isham G. Harris Torbett Issues. Then the tax payers of East Ten- nessec would exclaim: "May the Lord in his mercy save us from Dem ocratic expansion !" A VERY STARTLING LETTER. Mr. Cliarles O'Conor, one of tho most eminent and able of the lawyers of New York, has lately published a most remarkable letter, impeaching the integrity ot the highest Court of the Empire State. Our readers arc all familiar with the career of the no torious "Boss" Tweed, who stole or aided in stealing over six millions of dollars from the people of New York City. In 1871, by a powerful reform movement, Tweed and his associates were ousted from public ofllce and the "Hpss" arrested on various indict ments for criminal acts ami specula tions. He was also sued in civil ac tions to recover the sum stolen from tiie public Treasury. In the earlier stages of these prosecutions, little con fidence was felt by tho people in their success, for the local judges, sheriirs and clerks were tools of Tweed. But these were gradually weeded out, and when the great criminal came for trial before Judge Noah Davis, and a jury of honest men, on an indictment em bracing fifty-six separate counts charging as many misdemeanors, on each count he was sentenced to twelve years in the penitentiary and to pay a fine of $12,7o0, he was sent to Black well's Island and served one year and paid a fine of $250, and then sued out a writ of habeas corpus. On tho final hearing on this petition before the Su preme Court Tweed was discharged upon the ground that the Court ex ceeded its power in passing sentence on more than one count of the indict ment. There was no dispute that Tweed was guilty on each of the counts, but the Court said that instead of one trial there should have been fifty -three. The decision was nt the time received with suspicion and hon est people were disheartened. Twice before, the same Court had set Tweed free from the sentence of inferior Courts, on mere technical grounds. Twice before, eminent lawyers shook their heads and thought more than they dared to say. But the last de cision has been too much for Mr, O'Conor. Judge Davis, after reading the opinion of the Court, s.s-, that the Judge delivering the opinion quoted from an argument of O'Conor's to sus tain its deci sion. He thereupon wrote to Mr. O'Conor, calling his attention to the quotations made from his form er argument by the Court f Appeals, and asking why, ns one of the counsel against Tweed, he ha l n.-i trivenhim (Davis) the ben- elit of his opinion in such an impor tant ease. This opened the way for Mr. O'Conor. and in a letter of three columns he makes a most caustic and damaging review of the reccrd of the court, in the three decisions it has giv en in favor of Tweed. He shows most conclusively that, in 1872, the court refused to recognize as good law the very argument they now rely upon in the Tweed case. Then, they decided that his argument was bad, now they quote from the samo argu ment, and hold it to bo good law, and use it to sustain a decision that fcets free the most notorious thief, and the boldest malefactor of this generation Mr. O'Conor demonstrated plainly, thai not eighteen months ago, in a noted case, this Court of Appeals de cided that several penalties could be recovered in one action, and announce the rule so well settled as not to ad mit any departure from it. Yet, now they lay down in the Tweed case a contrary rule. Mr. O'Conor is of the same politi cal faith as the Supreme Court. He has practically retired from the active da llies of his profession, hut has, with out fee or reward, undertaken to as sist in the prosecution of Tweed. His letter is a terrible blow at the Court of Appeals, and is a virtual de mand for the election of a Legislature next fall, by honest voters, that will impeach the Judge. We may have occassion to allude to other features ; of this remarkable letter. Covins are not above respectful criticism, and when so old, able, and talented a lawyer as Cliarles O'Con or. fairly satisfies even unprofession id minds that the highest court of New York has been inconsistent, to say tho least, in its decision upon tho points involved in the Tweed case, it is not surprising that a sensation fol lows. It is a question who will bo dam aged most, O'Conor or the court ? Our morning contemporary thinks O'Con or will. Some lawyers can afford to criticise such courts, and some can not. A man of Charles O'Conor's professional record, having retired from active practice, wealthy, honor ed, able and free from all unworthy in lluenees, occupies a position where he can alford to criticise a court that sets loose the prince of American thieves. Of course lawyers can be found in New York who will side with tho court and pronounce O'Conor foolish. Some such will agree with the court from honest motives, and others be cause the' want to curry favor with the Judges who have their eases un der consideration. So far as wc are able to judge at this distance, Mr. O'Conor's letter is a serious blow at. the court, and must make its impres sion upon the public. One of the most startling results of the decision Is as Mr. O'Conor shows, that it leaves Boss Tweed a remedy by a civil suit for damages against the Judge, jurors and officers who aided in his conviction and tho jailor who confined him beyond tho twelve month which the Court fix as the lim it of his lawful imprisonment. It would, indeed, bo a strange ending of the great reform movement in New York, if tho boss thief of this age should close the series of suits in which lie has figured, with an action for damages against the Judge and ju ry who found him guilt' of his $G. 000,000 speculation. If he could re gain his former power in New York City, such a trial would soon be wit nessed and tho result would certainly be a triumph for the thief. It i right that some one should forewarn the public of the possible end of this great reform clfort, and Charles O'Conor is watchman whose alarum will not pass unheeded. We hear complaints from persons engaged in almost ever' class of bus iness in this country, that our people do not properly appreciate the impor tance of patronizing home institu tions. It is evident to us that our mpovcrished condition is owing, in a large degree, to the fact that wc send our money off to purchase too many articles that we might produce at home. We alluded some time ago to the shameful manner in which some people give manufacturing enterpris es the cold shoulder. They will send their money olf and pay more for ar ticles than the same would cost, maiv ufaetured by their neighbors, and generally without giving their neigh bors an opportunity to bid on their work. This is not the way to encour age home enterprise. We also hear merchants com plain that persons will send away ffj New York and other Eastern markets to purchase articles which they could sell them at as low or lower prices than they can bo obtained elsewhere. Now we do not dispute the right of any one to purchase where he or she pleases, but is it the proper policy ? If ever' oue sends to New York for their dress goods, our dry goods merchants will have to close up their stores and go at something else. If people will send somewhere else for their wagons, buggies, plows, &c, it is conclusive evidence that they do not wish such manufactories at home. If persons who want printing done will send to New York for their job work, they certainly do not want printing press es at home. The tendency of such a policy is to centralize all commerce at New York, and break it up else where ; to centralize manufacturing in the wealthy Eastern States and forever break it up in tho South. In this way we impoverish ourselves and put all our earnings into the pockets of Eastern capitalists. After pursuing such a policy as this for half a century, we set down like children and whine about the "scarci ty of money" and "hard times,"as if wc need ever expect money plenty when wc send away all we receive and then go in debt for goods we could manu facture at home. The South is poor, and such a policy as this will only confirm us in our irretrievably poverty-stricken condition. No people can have plenty of money who spend two dollars every timo they produce one Will the Pre and Herald favor us with its views on the currency question? Wo believe that every daily paper that reaches our table, with a solitary exception, has ex pressed its views, indicating its pref erence for "contraction " on tho oue baud, or " expansioa " on the other as tho opposing policies arc distin guished. That single exception is theKuoxvillo Press and Herald. If it has told its readers recently what its position is, the announcement has es caped our attention. We respectful ly ask the Press and Hcndd to inform its readers whether it favors " con traction" or "expansion." The Democratic papers throughout the State with a few exceptions have condemned in pretty strong terms the failure of the State Authorities to pny the July interest on Tennessee bonds. Some of them have been unsparing in their fault-findin'j'of tho last Legisla ture. None of them have spoken out against Gov. Porter as we remember, except our livery Democratic evening cotemporary, The Aye. It does'nt place all the blame on the Legislature, but says : "Wo don'l want to tell tale out of school, but nefertheless, thero is a silent belief in the public mind that our Governor ii not fully equal to tbo occasion, and that he is dellclent in breadth of statesmanship. Some folks have the hardihood to insinuate that he is nut capable of grappling with this knotty question of State finances, and that he can't weather the financial hurricane now sweeping over tho commonwealth. Wo can not tell exactly bow this is, but circum stanlial evidenco is pretty strong in that direction."' The fact is, the Governor does not seem to find much favor in the eyes of either of our city cotcmporaries, al though they are both Democratic to the core. While wc do not agree with the Governor on political questions, as our readers well know, we most cordially approve his determination not to call an extra session of the Legislature. "We have already heard complaints from dealers that wheat has been brought to our market in a wet and damaged condition. Farmers should be very careful about this. When you send such wheat to market you damage not only yourself but all your neighbors. Give our market the char actor of buying and selling such wheat and you get a bad name that is not easily got rid of. If farmers would all clean their wheat as well as it is possible to do they would find that in the end it would pay them a great profit. Let our market have tho char acter of furnishing such au article and wc will never experience any difficul ty in realizing the very highest mar ket price. POLITICAL NOTES. Private Dalztdl is a candidate for the State Legislate ill Ohio, aud it is said lie will he elected. "Will tbi Cineinnatti Commercial send au interviewer to Arebbishoi l'urcell and ascertain if the venerable gentleniau really did reprove somebody for saying that the public sebols were 'godless?' We have Jone our best to get at the truth of that little matter and, as yesterday's Globe-Democrat showed, we failed. It Is an important item within the Commercial s halli wick, and it should be looked after."-(Jlohc-Democrat. It would have been betler for Gov ernor Allen if he had never emerged from the obscurity of the farm at truit mil. lie lias given up peace aim quiet to gain one uuueriiatorial term, to desert bis principles, to ex pose his demagoguery, and to be disap pointed In residential aspirations Ilia venture lias not paid, not by great deal. Cincinnati Gazette. The Cincinnati Commercial closes lougarticlu reviewing the political his tory of Ohio during the past two years with this paragraph: "We come therefore, to the conclusion that a Ito publican victory in Ohio this time is a certainty and that the majority for Hayes will be Handsome and emphat ic, larger than he received on former occasions, and sullieieut to pronounce the doom in the nation forever of the sort of Democracy that is now assert ing Itself in this (State." THE RAINS. WlinlSome Kant Tpuuchmco KxclinoKe Kit jr. The continued raius raised therivers considerably. For several days the back water was over Clark's (Spring ami an itio low grounds in that vi cinlty. We hear much complaint by the farmers at the continued wet weather, Their crops have sull'cred seriously. large amount of growing corn has been "drowned" on the Clinch, Ten nessee and Emory bottoms. A farmer from up the Clinch informs us that all the bottom corn in that section has been drowned out, and will prove a serious loss to many of them. Ea&t Tenncssican. Tbo recent prolonged and heavy rains have done much damage iu our county. We hear from all quarters that wheat is sprouting in the shock, aud have reason to fear that the loss occasioned thereby will prove very serious and extensive. Even the infallible blackberry crop baa not escaped the general disaster occasioned by the raius. We are told that iu some places the berries mold as fast as they ripen. The damage to hay will turn out a very serious one, we understand, throughout thecouuty. It would seem that all the elements are combining against man in this section. Greene vitte American. Florida Olllclal Ammaalnalcd. Jacksonville, Fla., July 22. E. 0. Johnson, Deputy Collector of the Internal Revenue, and a member of tho Florida Leg islature was shot and killed, last night at a still house, about ten miles from Furnan dina. Asbassini unknown. No particu lars. A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY IN MONROE COUNTY. Jnrk Ilnnl ftlmnia lilt Wlf iml En- cnea l'rnm JiiMtlee. Madisonvim.e, July IMst, 1875. To ihe FdUorsofthe Chronicle: On Moudny a fearful crime was com mitted at Tellivo Plains, In the upper part of this county. Jack lluut, kuowu as Wash's Jack, some time since mar ried a young and estimable girl the daughter of Clem Davis. Her huslmud hait Uealea tier unKinuiy, ana on ion- day she left her house and went over to John warmers, a urotner-in-iaw oi tier husband's, and on going in asked for water. John Farmer took bis bucket and went to the spring (some little distance), and while in the act of dipping up the water heard two pistol shots. This being common he thought nothing wrong until he eaw his wife beckoning, he then ran, and found Mrs. Huut lying on the tloor dead. Huut had followed her, and in the presence of his sister had shot her first through the shoulder, ami the second snot through the heart. Farmer followed with pistol, hut Hunt bad fled. Dili gent search is being made for him. l ii us two n '-es are sacrincea as sue was soon to become a mother. JNo reasonable cause can be assigned for the perpetration of thicritne. As the usual oue of insanity will not hold In this case, as Jack Hunt was a cool, sharp man, aud with au eye single to ins oenerit alone. The general demoralization of the late unr.leasautness" is being crop ped out, aud we are feeling oceasiouly the necessity of the utmost stretch of our forgiveness and Christian forbear ance. There is no necessity of send ing Missionaries abroad; we need them nearer home; at least the field is bear in many sections. Let us have justice and mercy. MoNKop . TERRIFIC RAIN &T ATHENS. Ihe nnllrnnd Track fciibmerttfd Trnlu Delayed, Ac. Charleston, Tenn., July 22, 1S73. Via Cleveland, Tenn., 7 p. si. To the Editors of the Chronicle: There was a terrific rain fall at Ath ens to-day about 2 o'clock p. si. In fifteen minutes the railroad ditches were overflowing, aud ihe railroad track three miles west of town wan submerged iu three different places, one of them about fifty yards. When within oue mile of Athens, the eccentric strap of the eugiue at tached to the mail train broke, aud the train was delayed until the arrival of the freight. The engine of the freight train was then attached to the mail train, aud proceeded on to its destina tion. A Wnr IteiulniMeene, Considerable excitement was occa sioned during last week in the l'aiut Rock district, glowing out of the ar rest and examination of Calvin Pope and Osborne Wbaley, charged with the murder, during the war, of a man by the name of Billingsley. The pre liminary examination was had before Esquires Taliaferro, llyrd and Millliu, and lasteil two days, some tifty or sixty witnesses being summoned. James Sevier, E-q-, appearing for l'ope, and D. Nelson, Esq., appearing for the prosecution. The testimony shows it to have been a cruel, cold blooded munler, by whomsoever perpetrated. 15illina:sley sympathized with the south, and there by probably made himself obnoxious to Union men, aud which finally cost him his life. The manner of bis taking oil' is testified to by Wbaley, who has turned (State's witness, as follows: That for a pecuniary consideration paid him by l'ope, bo hired himself out to decoy iiilliugsly from his house to a certain place, where l'ope lay iu ambush ready lo shoot him. He succeeded in getting him out, when he was, as he states, shot dead by l'ope. Per contra, there are numerous individuals to whom Whaley confessed that he, himself, had committed the murder. Tho justices, however, after bearing the evidence for the prosecution (there was none offered for the defeuse) de cided to send the prisoner on for fur ther trial, and required bail iu t lie sum of s?3,()U0. Whaley was also held iu the sum of !fi,ooo for his appearance, when called for. Neither had given the required bail when last heard from, and arrange ments were being made to confine them in the Loudon jail, the prosecu tion objecting to our jail on account of relationship between the prisoner ami our jailor. Pope was indicted for this murder two or three years ago, but for want of evidence, or some other cause, the Attorney-General entered a nolle. Whaley left the country at the close of the war, ami has, as we are in formed, since been living iu the mouutaius of Georgia, and now makes his appearance under the promise of immunity from punishment by turn ing (State's evidence. Kinyston Eaut Tennensei an. I be Olilo Huvnsn. Gallii'olis, Ohio, July 22. Got. Allen, Geurpo II. Pendleton aud others addrcisel tho bemocratic meeting. Pendleton s in terpretation of the financial plank in their platform wns as foil. vs : "A cessation of contraction; a Bound and eullicient curren cy; the promotion of industries the surest road to tho appreciation of paper to a pur with gold; greenbacks instead of national bank notes; greenbacks for customs to tho extent that (he necessities of tho (iovura mcut will permit." He announced liii.i self a hard money man, but would not rush ruthlessly back to specie payments over the prostration of a!! business and tho ruin of the debtor." Liverpool, July 22. The Poet de clares that nothing has occurred to create the least uneasiness in the cotton trade and sajs that reports to the contrary are sus tained. London, July 22. The Times this morn ing in a llnancial article condemns the si lence of tho managers of the direct United States cablo in regard to tho line, and says inquiries of its stockholders meet with a blank refusal to impart information. London, July 22. In the House of Com mons Disraeli announced that the Govern ment had abandoned the merchants' ship ping bill this session, lie expressed a hope that tha session would close the lOih or 12th of August.