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unotbillc cwlechln ealbijg ant) (!miitlc: Mtcfcncstmn, guigust ft, 1875. (IZhrcmhh. Knutvlllo Win :tiitllliril is:tt. itloxvlllerlirimlrln talnlillxllill 10. WEDNESDAY, AUtf 4, 1S75. It wouldn't lie hardly fair for the Ohio Republicans to engage Andy Johnson to " swing round the circle " in that State, but each a movement would be wonderful in its requite. Tammany seems to be in trouble over the caseof John Morrlssy. The leaders of that delectable organization want to throw the Honorable John overboard, and the newspapers are boiling over with excitement about it. We presume the country cart's very little whether Tammany expels John Morriwy or nut. Tin: failure of Duncan, Sherman & Co. grows out of that disposition which seems to ho inherent in the heart of the American capitalist to go outside of the regular channel of his business and speculate. It is the de sire to amass riches more rapidly than can be expected in the regular course of business. It is this policy that lias ruined thousands of men in the United States within the past ten years, who. if they had. pursued a straightforward course, satisfying themselves with fair and safe profits, would to-day be prosperous and hap py. If Duncan, .Sherman & Co. had pursued only a legitimate banking business they would have stood high in the commercial world to-day. THE FURY OF THE ELEMENTS. The year 17' will long be remem bered as a period of extraordinary commotion among the elements. Our Northern neighbors will not soon for-1 get the severely cold weather of last winter, almost without a parallel in the history of the country. The win ter extended far into the spring, and the absence of luscious fruits from our tables serves to remind us of the havoc of late frosts. The summer has been prolific of destructive storms, which have swept over the land, scarcely a spot having been exempted from their devastating march. Ac companying these we have had an unusual quantity of rain. Many of the rivers have been higher than was ever before known hi the month of July. The damage sustained by crops is reckoned by multiplied mil lions. This is not confined to our own country by any means. England and till Europe has suffered. The fertile valleys of France have been inunda ted, and famine stares the people in the face. With all the aid they will receive from benevolent people of the civilized world, sulfering and even loss of life will prevail. The fair city of Geneva was visited, on the 7th of Jul', by a tempest al most without a parallel in the history of the world. A correspondent of the New York Tribune describes it as "one of the most remarkable, mani festations of the fury of the elements on record." It burst upon the slum bering inhabitants of the thriving city at the solemn hour of midnight, and in fifteen minutes had destroyed millions of valuable property. The Correspondent, above alluded, says : to At the end of it tho city of (ieneva was wrecked as no army of besiegers could have wrecked it in the same space of time. It dims with tlio suddenness of a thunderclap. Only for a few minutes previously there had been a warning voice, widen those who heard it describe it to hate been a very ter rible one which was not tho sound of the wind even when it blows it hardest; which was not the sound of thunder, but a kind of strange, hollow, ungry growl, with an ever cresfvndo force. Then just on the Btruke of 12 catue the bodily presence of thoetorm itself. It came in the shape hardly of a bail storm, in the ordinary ac ceptation of the word, but in that of un almost compact maor sheet of ice, driven horizontally before the tempe-t blast. In tho first lDstunt, every gusduinp in the streets of Geneva, ave here and there one capriciously spared by roasun of suine jro tecting roof, was sinashod to moms and ex tinguished. Hut the city was nut in dark ness. For the muecif of coagulated bail, which airily wero lying on the pavement of the street?, ffieeud 'ho blue light tho lightning in a ghastly and omii.ous manner. The frightened inhabitants sprang from their beds to find many objects of their pride in hopeless ruin. Veg etable gardens and vineyards were destroyed, and famine must follow among the industrious peasants of that ordinarily gay looking city and suburbs. Various localities in the world have witnessed extraordinary phenomena in the elements this year, Buflieient to make it a marked one in. future history, on account of these peculiar manifestations. THE FAILURE OF DUNCAN, iSll KRM AN & COMPANY. No event has occurred in this coun try since the failure of Jay, Cooke & Co. in 1873, and the hundreds of sus pensions that followed, has created such excitement in financial circles, as the suspension of tho great bank ing house of Duncan, Sherman & Co. in New York on July 27.. Our dis patches give a brief but interesting history of the firm. It has been one of the leading banking houses in the United States, and has been regarded as one of the safest. Tho business of Duncan, Sherman & Co. extend ed all over this country, and tho dis patches say into Europe. So the losses will be felt everywhere. There is scarcely a city in this coun try in which business men did not having dealings with them. What etfect their suspension will have on other establishments in New York and elsewhere does not yet ap pear. The greatest loss to tho coun try will be, perhaps, tho etfect it will have in destroying confidence among business men, which, after all, is the basis of all commercial transactions. It does not appear now that any fur ther general damages will result. Of course nothing is yet known as to the extent to which depositors and other creditors of the bank will suffer. M. William Butler Duncan, the head of the firm, is very popular in New York. lie has been spoken of as a candidate for Mayor of that city, and had he accepted tho candidacy he would most likely have been elected, It was said sometime ago that his daughter was about to wed a Scotch Earl. What the result of the failure of the father will be upon the feelings of nobility towards his daugh ter it is hard to tell. We trust that when all the facts arc known this failure will not prove as disastrous to the general business of the country, as we would naturally suppose from first impressions. NOT FOR ANDY. The Nashville Ihutntr says that Andrew Johnson is going to pay a visit to Cincinnati, in which event " it is not at all unlikely that the Democ racy will call upon him for a speech." The Banner adds : " Senator Mnrton has made appointments to speak throughout Ohio. Wouldn't it be a lively canvass wero Johnson and Morton to be pitted against "aeli other ? Tho fur would fly, somewhere." Yes, the fur would fly and Andy knows too well where the " fur would flv " from, to!be got into any such ar rangement. His stereotyped speech that he has made on every occasion for the past ten years would answer in that cause no better than it did when Maynard be-labored him so un mercifully all over this State in 1S72. If such a proposition wero made, Andy would be indisposed as he was during the recent educational inet ing at Chattanooga, at which he was announced to speak, and would " re spectfully" decline. J The ministers of the various churches of Knoxville have united in an appeal to the Sheriff of Knox county to have the cxecu tien of John Webb, the murderer, on the 13ih proximo, conducted privately. A re gard for the public morals induces the re quest, which in seconded by the local pre?8. We agree with our Knoxville contempora ries that public executions are a relic of barbarism, and should not be allowed for the gratification of the morbid curiosity of that class who have a singularly brutal ap petite for such spectacles. Wo trust the Sheriff of Knox will comply and lead oil' in a reformation in behalf of decency that nciy be worthy of emulation in other cmn ties XaahviHr. Jlnnner. We have no idea that the ShcrifXofi Knox county will "lead olf in this reformation in behalf of decency." It would be unpopular with a largo number of people for him to do so. The clamor of the curious, who take peculiar pleasure in witnessing the sight of a fellow-being yielding up his life at the gallows, will make such a reform improbable fur some time to come, perhaps. lint if our public school system is kept up for a few years, and all the people become ed ucated, such relics of barbarism as public e xecutions will cease. We are not discussing the question of capital punishment. It appears that it is .sometimes unavoidable, but it should be conducted privately. We are glad to see so influential a journal as the Banner putting itself on record in this matter. Pakis, July29, In the assembly to day, M. ltaoul Duval aked (he Government why tho United rUrttes bad not paid to the French cilices the indemnity due them for the losses tautatned during the civil war, while claims of othor foreigner have beeu Bottled. THE MOUNTAIN MKA DOW MAS SACRE. No little interest centers at this time in what has gone down in histo ry as tlie Mountain Meadow Massa cre. It was one of the basest acts of cruelty over perpetrated by human beings on their unprotected fellow men. A recital of the facts in the case, a brief sketch of whicli wc printed yesterday, from the New York Time, is blood curdling and a thing from which humanity recoils. It is natural that all should feel interested in seeing the murderers, if still living, brought to justice and made to sulfer the extreme penalty of their horrible crime. Rut wc have little to expect from a court where there are Mormon jurors and Mormon witnesses. In these latter days the chances for obtaining justice in the courts any where are somewhat questionable, but in Mormon courts it is doubly so. John D. Lee is on trial, but the Mormon Church, with Brighum Young as its leader, no doubt organized the expedition which followed up the un fortunate and unprotected immigrants rand committed the murder. An idea of the proceedings in the Court and the likelihood of enforcing justice may bo obtained from the following paragraph in the Utah correspondence of the Cincinnati Commercial : The trial was to have begun to-morrow at 10 o'clock A. M. To-night it appears the Saints have gone heforo local Magistrates (Mormons) and sworn out warrants against nearly all the witnesses for various crimes, and propose to arrest them I Several of them are to be arrested for complicity in the massacre, and taken to jail in Washing ton county. If they try this we shall havo some fun, for United States Marshal Max well has given orders to hold tho witnesses by force and arms if necessary. It is now reported that instead of twenty-five there are a hundred witnesses in town, many of whom are here to prove an alibi for Col onel (and Bishop) Wm. 11. Dame. Dame is to be tried first, and tho defense claim he can prove nn alibi by abundant testimony. I have no doubt of it. I have known Drigham Young to prove nn alibi as to an occasion in the tabernacle, when ten thou sand people heard him uso the language charged. If there is anything tho Jlor mous can't prove, I have yet to hear of it. The town is agitated with wild rumors to night rumors of a grand Mormon covp d'etat. Possibly tho telegraph may send you stirring news in a tluy or two, but you need have no fears of a general engnge- So it will be seen that the defense is well provided with witnesses, and will no doubt prove whatever is de sired. The Nashville Union ami American savs : Here it is in a nut-shell. Those virtuous souls who distress themselves so much about "rag money" should remember that the Itepublican party imposed it upon the coun try against tho protests of the Democracy. The Republicans are perfectly wil ling to take all the responsibility for having " imposed " the greenbacks upon the country. At the same time they were "imposing" these green backs upon the country in order to feed, clothe and arm an army to put down a Democratic rebellion, the Democrats were "imposing" upon the Soutli a currency that has been distinguished as " greybacks." That currency was issued lavishly only limited by the capacity of printing presses, and it became ,so valuable that it look one hundred dollars of it to buy a common breakfast, and five hundred to pay for a pair of brogau boots. A man could then, on going to market, accomplish the inter esting feat of carrying his currency in a basket, and taking his purchases home in the same, it being about equally filled each way. If the Dem ocrats will take the responsibility of 'the "greybai k" currency, as they must, Republicans will cheerfully bear ail the responsibility of " im posing " the greenbacks upon the country in order to accomplish a righteous purpose. The insincerity of some Democratic politicians, who profess a desire to see the questions growing out of the war eliminated from our politics, is very apparent. In Ohio, the Democratic candidate for Governor, who is also a candidate for tho Presidenc', is Wil liam Allen. The old fossil is making campaign speeches, in which he charges the responsibility of the war upon a Republican Congress. AVe have no desire to discuss this ques. tion. Republicans do not desire to discuss it. None but the most reck less demagogues wiu make such a charge or raise such an issue. Why docs Gov. Allen make such a state mentnow and seek to raise such an issue at this time, if his party is sincere iu their professions ? EX PASSION AND TION. CONTRAC- Wc find tho following in The Ajc of yesterday evening : 'I'nderthis bead the Chronicle nd vanef s somo very good ideas and rugpes tions with regard to expansion and contrac tion, albeit we must think it was a shrewd way it had of evading tho aclualijucstivn of expansion and contraction as now un derstood and being discussed." Now, if Brother Charlton will be lieve what wo say, wc can inform him that wo did not intend in our editorial of Sunday morning any evasion of "the actual question of expansion and contraction as now understood and being discussed." In that edito rial we expressed our honest senti ments, and wc tried to express them plainly enough to be understood, even by the editor of The A'jc. The idea we intended to convey was, that no people who consumed more than they produced could ever have money. Communities in this respect are just the same as individuals, and if any one can convince us how a man is to grow rich by spending two dollars where he produces only one, wc would like to hear from him. But The Ajv sees the source of all our troubles in the high rates of in terest demanded and obtained on money. But what is it that puts money at such exorbitant rates of in terest ? The price which money will command is like everything else it is regulated by the demand for it. the demand lor it is created to a great extent by improvident persons, who consume more than they produce. We know that that has been the caso in this country. Under that state of ali'airs, so many persons borrow money and never pay it, that a man who has money is slow to loan it unless he gets a high rate of interest. We arc no advocate of exorbitant rates ot interest. We detest money sharks who do nothing but seek for opporttv nittes to prey upon and destroy their less fortunate neighbors, but there is two sides to this question of interest, and when you undertake to enforce a lower rate than the demand for money justifies, you pave the way for hoard. ing it away or investing it in some kind of securities, which takes it out of the regular channels of trade, and causes trouble. You may say a man shall not loan money for more than four per cent, per annum, but you can not force him to loan at that rate, and he will not, unless it is to his in terest to do so. Rev. Dk. Cuyi.eh, of Chicago.is out pretty strong on what he styles warm weather Christians. He says : This is the season of vacations, and all over the laud the ministers are hurrying off for rest. Nothing wrong about that. Hut what is the practice in nine cases out of ten? The fat-salaried minister goes off to the seaside or the mountains, and bis place is supplied by exhorters, homo missionaries Or pensioners unfit for active duty, and who are not good for much, either in hot or cold weather. Is it therefore remarkable that the laity should let down Borne in their ro. ligious tone and grow lax in duty? For instance, Mr. Beecher has bad his salaiy raised to $100,000, and now goes off on a throe-months' vacation, with Tom, Dick and Harry, to take his place. Will it bo re markablo if tho Plymouth Church people who have to stay at home and swelter be come warm-weather Christians? Suppose a doctor or lawyer should go off on a vaca. tion and fill his place with incapables, bow long would they retain their practice ? their customers demand tho best, then why should not a religious congregation also de. mand the best ?. The developments in the case of Duncan, Sherman & Co., as given in our dispatches to-day, do not sound very well for the honesty of that firm llio transier ot real estate running through several years, amounting to a large sum of money, blanks being left in the deeds and subsequently being filled up in a different hand writing, is pretty strong evidence of fraud, and will be so considered. If these men honestly intend to protect their creditors to tho fullest extent of their ability, they tan prevent loss to a great extent no doubt, but if it is their intention to defraud their cus tomers and fill theirown pockets they will be pretty apt to carry it out suc cessfully. The Evangelists in Washington. A Washington dispatch says: "A meeting of ministers and others was held here to-day for the purpose of considering the subject of inviting Messrs. Moody and Hankey to visit this city and hold a aeries of meetings. A committee was appointed to lay the matter before the churches, aud re quest them to appoint delegates to as semble at noon Monday nest to extend an invitation aud arrange for the erec tion of a suitable building for the meetings- LETTER FROM ROANE COUNTY. oi I'reot-F(lnetloiml Inli-rrM Ktc. Kir, 7V iht Kilitcrt cj the Chranicle: Having taken n short tour from your Ity through Knox, London and Roane counties, I have made some observations thut may, perhaps, be worthy of publication. There might be a great deal paid about crops., There have been great quantities of grain destroyid by the ' wet " weather. Many farmers, as yet, have failed to get their gruln threshed, and it Is still in the shock, exposed to the constant beating rains. The yield of wheat is not as great as was last year, but Is of a very line quality. Oats are some better than they were last season, but hundreds of bushels will lie lost in the field. The oat crop in Roaue, I think. is better than iu Knox. I do not bink that I have ever seen a more flattering prospect for good corn crops thau Is to be seen now. It isageneral remark by farmers of long observa tion, that they have never been beltei crops on the name lands. We heard one well-lo-uo " laiuier nay he thought fie could see lightning hogs in his corn at noon-day. We did not disagree with him ut all. Rut we must fay that we have never witness ed such destruction before, as has been caused by the high tides of Clinch River. Hundreds of acres of the finest of corn, have been laid waste by a recent title, and 1 lie river is still up and still rising. As a compliment on the farmers we shall nay, that as a general thing, crops have been unusu ally well cultivated. As tor the lruit crops, we shall only say that apples are abundant. Peach es are rather scarce, but much plentier than in the vicinity of Knoxville: and we learn that a lew miles further south they ate more abundant than here. THE EDUCATIONAL INTERESTS In no community we have visited, are as lively us we should like to see. 1 n various districts In Knox and .Loudon counties, the directors are going to re serve their school funds for another year, or appropriate it In the building of new school bouses. We find but few model school houses in this coun try j in fact none. AllOKIGlNAL KELIC'S. Along Clinch River are to be found many remains of the aborigines, of which the most common are the In dian mounds. These are generally found near shallow places in the river. Some of them have been explored to some extent, and are lound to contain human bones, crockery, pottery, war implements, etc. Many ot these relics would no doubt occupy a prominent place in some of the first-class mu seums. A spirit of enterprise is creatlv need ed in Roan county to develop her hid ueu treasures, ot which we should luie to speak it time and apace would ad in it. But we shall leave this subject for the pen of a more experienced writer. Hophek. Union X Roads, Roane county, July lith, isei. ASSESSING THE RAILROADS. Hie Mule ('uiumiHMloncr.H In SenNiun ut Hie Capitol. Messrs. J. II. Rradford. J. J. Turner and John K. Helms, State Railroad Assessors, met in the Capitol yester day, and after being sworn iu bv Chief J ustiee A. U. I'. icholson, began their labors under the recent act declaring the mode of assessing for taxation va rious railways in Tennessee. They had before them the schedules of four roads, which hail been filed with the Comptroller of the Treasury: The Jjouisynie and iNashville, Mississippi Central, Mississippi and Tenuessee, and Paduoah and Memphis; but the consideration ot these was not reached The Commissioners occupied them selves with preliminary matters. In eluding the construction or the law and the laying oil of their work. In asmuch as many of the roads had not filed their schedules, or given notice what course they intended to pursue. it was determined to address a circular letter to all the companies, in the foN lowing words : " Office of Railroad Tax Asses sors, Nashvillk, Tenn., July , 1875, Sir: The undersigned beg leave to submit to you the following inter rogatories, which are called for by vir tue of our appointment as Railroad Tax Assessors under the act of March 20, 1875 : " 1. Do the railroads tinder your management aud control claim an ex emption from taxation? If so, by charter or otherwise? "2. If your roads do not claim ex emption from taxation, do you propose to be taxed under the first section of March 20, 1&75, or uuder section 11 of said act? "3. If you propose to be taxed un der the lllh section of said act, what steps have you taken, if any, towards accepting the provisions of said act? 4. ir you propose to be taxed under the first section of said act, please furnish us a certified copy of the amount of stock owned iu each coun ty through which your road runs. An early reply to these questions will oblige us, and will facilitate our labors. As far as yet known, only one road has determined to accept tho 1J per cent, alternative. The labors of the Railroad Assessors will be long or short, according to the answers the Companii s may make to tho above in terrogatories. It is to be hoped the Assessors will be accorded every facil ity for their work, and that the rail road officials will even co-operate with them, as such a policy will certainly not prejudice their rights where they hold that their roads are exempt and expect to coil test the mutter before the courts. The Assessors havo decided it to he their duty to prepare books for all loads not electing to pay the lj per cent, on gross earnings. Union and American, Washington, July 29. Attornoy-Gen-cral l'ierrcpont eaid yonterday, in response to the question whether ha had received any accounti of tho Kuklux outrages, that he bad received none since he had oocupicd his present position. The numborof appli. cations for pardon is not so largo as hereto, fore. The circular issued several months ago by tho Attorney-General on that sub ject, being moro rigid ia its requirements than tho farmer course. TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. DOMESTIC. New York, July 27. A Geneva letter states that the storm of tho 7th Inst, there wns literally an ice storm, accompanied by a cyclono, which lasting not over lifteen min utes nt tniunignt, wrecked every window and sky-light smnshed in roofs and did incalculable damage. The suburbs sutl'er cd terribly ; also nil the crops being des troyed. Tho ice fell in masses. During tho fearful thunder storm yester day afternoon, a hull of lightning struck a carriage of Cnpt. Johnson's, at a funeral, knocking the driver from the box and fatal ly liiiuring him, also throwine Miss Drew and other members of the family into the road, but without serious damage. Duncan, Micrman & Co., bankers, have suspended this morning. Tho suspension causes great excitement in Wall street. Gold $U1J. liuncan returned Irom Europe about two weeks ago, and has since been making a careful examination of his assets, and finds they are largely inadequate. Ho resolved to endeavor to get new cash capital, and having failed to do so they determined that it was beat to suspend and make gene ral assignment for the benefit of nil credi tors. Their indebtedness is distributed all over this country nnd Europe. A considerable amount being in the form of loiters of cred it held by travelers. Cincinnati, July 27. An. Express train bound east on tho Marietta nnd Cin cinnati road fell into a culbert near Zoliski, killing tho fireman. No passengers hurt. Ooiii.kvii.lk, Mhii., July2i. A boiler explosion here killed two persons, and tho engineers were fatally injured. bT. FAI L, July 21. A mixed train of 22 cars, on tho Northern Pacific road, went through a bridge over the Mississippi river at lirainard, killing five persons outright. The bridgo is eighty feet high, i Asiiinoton, July li. Commandant Cooper telegraphs to the Navy Department that ho fears there is somo local causo for yellow fever at Uurrancas. Surgeon Gen eral Barnes received tho following from Kf y nest : mere was only one death lrom yel low fever yesterday, beinga relapse during convalescence. There was only one new case reported during the last twelve days. Tho thermometer Btands at 89. Prof. James telegraphs the Secretary of the Interior that ho has found gold in pay ing quantities in the lilack Hills, with good head water, amply sufficient for washing purposes. Ho reports miners having come into the Hills from all directions. Tebrk Haite, July 29. The heaviest rain for years foil here Tuesday. Travel is impeded by the washing away of bridges and culverts. Tho "Wabash is out of banks. Great damago has been done to crops. Cleveland, July 29. Ftillerton won the $0,000 purse for class No. 218 ; Lady Maud second; Nettie third. Time, 2:29J, 1:13, 1:19. IIoonevii-le, July 29. Thoro is a wash out on the Missouri, Kansas and Texas road between hero nnd Sedalia. Twelve miles of track are useless. A freight train on the Louisvillo, New Albany nnd Chicago road fell through a trestle forty feet bigh, killing tho engineer, conductor and bead brakeman. Baltimore, July 29. Tho Court of In quiry on the conduct of Bishop Whitting ham has commenced. Thirteen of the sixteen members are present. Cairo, July 29. C'apt. Gisney was shot and killed at Carbondale, "wliilo sitting in his house. The assassin is unknown. New Orleans, July 29. Tho Supreme Court decides Acts Nos. 22 aud 115 on which bonds known as tho four million nnd three million levee issues were made Con stitutional. Thero romains one of those if sues to he passed on. Toledo, July 29. Two hundred German teachers are in National Convention here. Marietta, July 29. A severe rain and wind Btortn prevailed hero, which caused a heavy loss. A live-story chair factory wa3 prostrated, and the contents destroyed. Tho wholo country is submerged, and houses, chimnies and shade treos destroyed. Saratoga, July 29. In the races to-day Faithless won the half-mile heat for two year olds: time, 4:09. There was a dead beat between l'renkness and Springbock for the 2 mile raco : time, 3:50, the fastest time recorded. McDaniel's lilly won tho selling raco : time, 2:09J. Moxtuomeby Ala., July 29- James R. Smith, City Clerk elect, und Ex-Member Banking, of the House of Farley, Smith, & Co., died this morning, Tho drought is plavinir sad havock witli the corn and cotton, and in some places they havo had no rain since May, and their crop3 aro utter failures, also the greater part of the cotton belt. No rain has fallen in from four to six weeks. Thermometer ranging from 91 to 98. It is estimated that the crops has been cut off from 2o to 33 percent, from the calculations threo weeks ago. New York, July 29. Tho Trcntoa Banking Company at Trenton, New Jer sey, which lost 150,000 by Jay Cooke, will loso $100,000 by Duncan, Sherman & Co. J. 1$. Pord & Co. ask an extension. The failure does not all'ect the Union Pub lishing Company, which is a separate or ganization. Ford & Co. say the assets nt bare cost will exceed the liabilities 80,000, New York, July 29, Two river pirates wero blown up by tho explosion of an oil lighter, which they fired. How Thunder Showers Come Up. In order to convey a more definite idea of our theory, we will choose a certain locality which may serve the purpose of a diagram to our demonstra tion ; aud this locality shall be that of Westileld river. This river takes its rise among the forests near the sum mit of the Ureen Mountains, at a height of some 2,000 feet above the level of the sua, and, flowing south easterly forty or fifty miles, empties Into the Connecticut river about ten miles from tho southern boundary of tlm State. During a hot summer day the sides of the deep valley of this river reek with intense heat, and cause a How of moist air upward towards the summit of the mountain ridge, from the valley of the Connecticut, and also Item the sea. This moist air, meeting with the general current from the southwest, piles up an immense mass of cumulus cloud, of many scjuare miles in extent. Ko long as the great heat lasts the cloud increases in size; grows blacker with Its dense vapor, and casts a gloomy, lurid glare over the face of nature, darker thauthatof any eclipse. The vapor, pushed up by the ascend ing currents of heated "air, attains to a great height above the sea, where the temperature Is very low. But finally, at that hour of the afternoon when the heat begins to decline, the accu mulated vapors, uo longer augmented or sustained by heated air from the valleys below, fall in rain, Fojntiar Science Monthly.