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VOL XXXV T I NO. S3.
KNOXVILLE, TENN. : WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 25, 1875. WHOLE NO 1801 TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. DOMESTIC. I'lilLADKLrui, Aug, 17. A well known wealthy married man named John Kates was before the Magistrate to-day charged with s fiendish assault on Mist I'ombcrton, It appears that Kates seduced her when she was about 15 years old. She claim, that be has held her in a life of sin and slavery ever since. Recently she attended a pic nic without his permission, and when sho returned be charged her with Infidelity, knocked hor down, beat her in a brutal manner, and then tore her clothes off her perion, and after pouring burning fluid all over her set fire to ber and ndeavored to burn her alive. The interference of some of the people in the houso prevented t ho consummation of his wicked design. On Friday evening last bs whipped her in the most brutal manner, and swore bo would disfigure her so that she would never be able to go out. Groat effort was made by interested parties to keep the details of the affair from the public. Kates Is held in $2,000 bail for bis appearance at court. Charlkston, 8. C, Aug. 17. There were exciting times last evening in Colum bia, caused by the proceeding under hahoi.s corpus for the release of ex-Treasurer Par ker. The application was heard nt 6 l. m. before Judge Slacker, by I'arkcr's counsel, claiming bis discharge tinder tbo provision of the Constitution prohibiting imprison ment for debt. Tho Sheriff 's return failed to allege that the caso was one of fraud, a charge which is expressly excepted in the constitutional prohibition of imprisonment for debt, and after argument the Judge re leased the prisoner, Tho court room was soon tilled with an excited crowd, and Par ker was immediately re-arrested on n war rant for grand larceny, but bis counsel waived an examination, urging that the amount involved in tbo alleged robbery bad nothing to do with the amount of bail, and succeeded in getting him released on two thousand dollars bail. It is gcnorally believed that l'arker will escape and forfeit bis bail. Tho Acwn and Courier de nounces the release of Parker a a gross judicial outrage, and a job put up by cer tain State otlicials who feared Parker would implicate them in his enormous rob beries. St. Lul ls Aug. 18. A special from Benton, Franklin county, Illinois, mys 10 disguised men havo been whipping nnd oth erwise abusing tho peoplo of Villiamson nnd Franklin counties. J. B. Maddox, the County Commissioner, received information that tho marauders would visit bis house and whip him for not coinplyinejwith one of their orders. Maddox notified tho Sher iff, who summoned twenty men nnd conceal ed tbcm in Jladdox's house. About 2 o'clock that night 11 men approached, dis guised and mounted. ,ThoSliorill'domand ed their surrender, when the leader fired, missing the Sheriff. The Hand wheeled to make oil' when tho posse fired on thomfatal ly wounding one nnd injuring Ave. They nil got away but tho man fatally hurt, who gives the names of the others. The citizens held a meeting and resolved to rid tho country of these men. The band numbers 400. Uovernor licveridge sent 100 stand of arms to. tho county, and bloody results Bi-e expected. Raleigh, N. C, Aug. IS. The larg est, sale of tobacco cvor mado in North Carolina was from thn large manufactory of W. T. Klackwell & Co., at Durham, this morning, filling a Philadelphia order for 2,VK) cases, amounting to over $00,000. New Yobk, Aug. 18. "Win. 11. Duncan, of the firm of Duncan, Sherman & Co., has published u circular in which be proposes to their creditors to pay S3J per cent, in full scttlemcr.t of the indebtedness of the firm, about 43 per cent, being the propor tion of the assets to the liabilities, as shown by the assignee's statement. He oilers to pay 8 per cent, before November 27th, 1S75; 6 per cent, before May 27th, 1870; 5 per cent, before Nov. 27th, 1870 ; 6 per cent, before May 27th, 1877 ; 10 per cent, before Nov. 27th, 1877, with interest at 7 per cent, per nnnum until paid. As se curity for tbe fulfillment of this agreement the assets aro to be held and administered by Mr. Duncan, under advice of Commis sioners consisting of Kobert Lenox Kenne dy, President of the Natiotinl Hank of Commerce, and Geo. W. Duer, President of the National Hank of tho State of New York. Mr. Duncan also says that should the assets bring more than 3J.) per cent, the creditors will have tbe benefit thereof. Keadiko, Pa., Aug. 21. Yesterday, the funeral of Mrs. Pbilip Hessingcr and her three children, whose death, by drowning, occurred here Tuesday, took place hero. The utmost excitemont prevailed and a very largo concourse of peoplo followed tbe bodies to the grave in a procession com prising over thirty carriages and not less than one thousand people on foot. For an hour before the time for the funeral the houso was surrounded by excited people, and the excitement was so great that a de tachment of police kept guard on the prem ises. Tbe circumstances attending the death of tbe mother and her children were such as to create the strongest interest, which partakes largely of indignation. Hessingeris tho keeper of a salooon bere, and his family consisted of himself, bis wife, three small children a boy and two girls and his'mother also mado her home with his family, Of late, it is said, there hat been considerable uuhappiness, caused, the neighbors say, by tbe treatment of Mrs. Hessingcr by her husband and his mother. The report commonly accepted is that Hessinger had bestowed his affection upon an unmarried woman, from Phila delphia, who be frequently had at his houso, and who was boldly accorded au thority. On Monday, it is stated, a quar rol took place between the husband and wife on this ttccount, and bo ordered his (his wife) out of his sight; ho told her he would give her $2,000 to go away and re turn no more, she to take tho two girls and he to keen the boy, and threatened to kill her if sho returned. This prospect of separation from one of her children, added to the previou unhiip pinces of her position, manifestly preyed upon her mind and she was very much de pressed. On Tuosday, accompanied by her three children, she left the bouse and enter ed the street car, in which she rodo out of tbe city for tbo distance of about two miles and a half to a poiut on the batik of tbe canal. She had a basket with her, and this Bbe proceeded to fill with stones, her child ren assisting her. Having tilled it, she bound it securely to her waist, and then ta king a child under each arm and holding tho third child to her breast she jumped In to tbe canal. The cries of the children at tracted the attention of a man who could not swim and before he could get assistance all were drowned. The bodies were recov ered and removed to the house of the hus band, and he was notified of the occurrence, receiving the news, it is said, while in com pany with tbe woman who had caused the uohappiness. So great was the indignation among'tho people at largo that a detachment of polico was kept guarding his bouse from the first until after the funrrnal. It is stated that in a crowd in attendance ysslerday not less than fifty men, and oven women, were armed with pistols for the avowed purpose of shooting Hessingcr. He was pimpled by police all the way to tho trrav cd back, and as further protection the coiiiu containing the i'tl boy's body was placed in the carriage w itli him. When the bodies had been lowered into graves part of the crowd hooted at Hessinger, and a number of women endeavored to get at him. One shot wns tired at him without effect. He was instantly hustled into his carriage nnd driven off. Another shot was fired in passing the gate, which is supposed to have struck him, as he was carried from his carriage into tiio house. Great indignation still exists, and lynch law continued to be talked of. Cil.vrrtNonnA, Aug. 21. J. F. Bowyer, n painter, was killed, and Patsy Colter, a tinner, badly injured, by the falling of a scaffuld this afternoon. CitfAoo, Aug. 21. Hon. J. Mussel Jone, regarding the tender of the Secretaryship of the Interior to him, says the letters are in such a shape nt present that he can not give a definite answer. The Indians at some of tho up river agencies are already dissatisfied, nnd the prospects are that some of the tribes will not send delegations to Itod Cloud's council at Standing Hock. They are very decided. Since the Commissioners left there it has been unanimously resolved by tho Indians not to disposo nf their rights in tho Black Hills country, nor to have anything to do with tiinking a new treaty with the Govern ment. Pini.ADKl.i'iiiA, Aug. 21. Tho Albion mills at Crtifliocknn wore burned to-dny. The loss is estimated $250,000. The Vir ginia Home Insurance Companv had a risk of $2,o00. Adelaide Dorshemer died in a half hour from tho effects of onrbolic acid taken by tn islako. IIim.sox, N. Y., Aug. 21. Mary Keller Ilouso, nged 100 years, died to-day. Her maiden namo was Lick. She had been mar ried four tir.'.es, the first time in her 8th, and the last in her 88th year. She was very intelligent nnd had n retentive memory. Her descendants are scattered all over the country. AtttiL'STA, Aug. 21 (lov. Smith was at Sandersville to day. It is apprehended that tho insurrection is over. The excito mont has subsided and pence nnd order re stored. New Oulkans, Aug. 21. The State registrar reports tho result of the census of Louisiana, recently taken, ns follows: City of New Orleans, whites 145,721 ; colored 67,643. Total 203,308 ; an increase of 1 1, 000 upon the census of 1870. Population of whole State, whites 401,"U1 ; colored 450, 02. ; no excess of colored over wbitos of 45,008, ami a total increase of 128,115 over census of 1870. Theso figures may be sub jected to some slight modification in the re turns of one or two romoto parishes, not being quito complete. Oai.vkston, Aug. 21. Tho official count of the vote on the Constitutional Con vention, in 10 counties, shows the following result: For Convention 40,253 ; against 25,055. New Yokk, Aug. 21. Thurlow Weed, his family and servants, have been suffering se verely from symptoms resembling cholera. The consulting physicians were puizlcd by a sudden and strange sickness which indi cated poisoning; nnd after a search discov ered that a copper tea kettle, used for boil ing water for tea and coffee, bad been scoured with oxalic acid, which, combined with the copper, formed arsenicale of cop per., Tho physicians say that Tweed, his daughter and three servants had a narrow escape. Patterson, N. J., Aug. 23. It is said that the New Jersey and New York railroad owes tho Erie railroad $30,000 and refused to pay it. The Erie therefore to-day seized two cars of the former road nt Long Dock and took up the other compauies track at Hockensack Junction. There was great excitement, but the police force from Jersey City preserved order. AtursTA, Oa., Aug. 23. Several of the prominent negroes connected with the troubles in the counties below here have mado confessions. Jake Moreman, first lieutenant of the negro company, testilles on oath that nineteen counties were to be embraced in the insurrection, and that last Friday was appointed for tho uprising. That all tbe whito men and ugly white women were to be killed, the pretty white women were lo be spared, and the land and spoils were to be divided among the negroes. All who have so far confessed testify sub stantially the soiio as Jake Moreman Gov. Smith arrived here this afternoon from Wnynesboro'. lie is determined to pre serve peace, enforce the laws, and do justice to both whites a'nd blacks. Chicago, Aug. 23. Jefferson Davis has received invitations from Des Moines, Iowa; Charleston, Ills.; and other points in the West to deliver the annual address at tbe meetings o( their several agricultural socie ties this fall. Nkw York, Aug. 23. Abraham Sym onds, Alio was probably insano, killed his daughter with an axe, and then killed him self. Kx-Judge Shipman, assignee, of Duncan, Sherman k Co., and V. A. Condray, S. L. M. Harlow and W. AV. McFurlund, bis surities were justified to-day before Judge Robinson in the Court of Common Pleus in live hundred thousand dollars each. Tho various Turner Societies containing representatives from different States, num bering three thousand men, marched through the city to-day to James Wards, where A three day's festival is in progress, Tho appeals from orders in the six million suit of The People ngainst Tweed, were ar gued to-day before the Supremo Court in (leneral Term ; ono being from tin order re fusing a bill of particulars, the second from an order refusing to direct complaint to be made more definite, and the third from an order refusing to vacate the order of arrest, or reduce tbe three million bail. A decis ion was reserved on all three. Mkmi'uis, Aug. 23 W. B, Greenlaw, President of the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad and of the People's Insurance Company of this city, died this morning of the dropsy of the In-art. Weeiiawkkn, N. J., Aug. 23. Policeman Lundy struck Phillip Kucb a fatal blow with his club for int -rferiug when Lundy was shooting a dog. CiiK'AOo, Aim. 23. There was frost at various points in Illinois Saturday night. The potatoes anil vegetables were feverely injured in tbe vicinity of Freeport. Watkiss' (iLExx, N. Y., Aug. 23. The Arlington Hotel was burned by the explo sion of a gasoline lamp. The guests escaped with their baggage. ALn.tsv, N. Y Aug. 23.- A portion of thn manufacturing hall nt the fair grounds hns been blown down. Two children wire killed. Inihanai-oi.is, Aug. 23. Kev. Cyrus Nuit, 1). I)., I.I.. I)., for 15 years President of the Indianapolis State University at Hlooniington, Ind., died this morning of re mittent fever. FOREIGN. Parih, Aug. 21. Tho Memorial Di plomatique says : All powers have ngreed in urging Servia and Montenegro to remain neutral in the present conflict, nnd that thisdvice will be backed by force if neces sary. London-, Aug. 21. The Haiti Ariz's' special from Vienna says : The Kussian General Kaufroan is organizing an expedi tion against lv link and in revenge for an at tack upon the Kussian soldiery. Tho Times publishes a special from Ber lin, saying that the Khokand rebels had at tacked a Kussian body-guard, and it is ex pected that tho Kussian Government will order the military to tho occupation of lvnokand. LoxnoN, Aug. 23. A special dispatch to tbo TiliKS, from Constantinople, says the Porto has accepted the proposition of friend ly powers to counsel the submission of tho insurgents to tho Turkish authority, and to represent to them their utter hopelessness from foreign intervention. Server l'sac-ba lias been appointed a spe cial commissioner to examine into the griev ances of the disaffected people, and he con fidently expects the insurrection will soon terminate. A Berlin special dispatch to tho Times says that the Austrian Ambassador nt Con stantinople suggested to tbo Turkish Gov ernment the expediency of allowing Ilerzo govinia a semi-independent administration. Had this suggestion been accepted the three northern powers would liayo been prepar ed to nssist its accomplishment. The Porto, however, rejected the proposition. Tho intervention of Austria is no longer considered improbable. The Austrian Government seems to consider that a ehango has become indispensable, and that it had best be effected at a time when Aus tria may hopo to exercise a leading influ ence. The Times, in a lending article, says that if any mode could be devised of giv ing Herzegovinia nnd Bosnia ajp indepen dence similar to that enjoyed by Servia, it would bo a great relief to tbe Porto and an advantage to Kurope.- The writer points to tho gradual and inevitable disruption of tho Ottoman cmpiro. Ho protests ngainst the supposition that the foreign policy of England mignt be governed i the interests of the holders of Turkish bo'.ds. The ar ticle concludes thus : " Whenever the mo ment arrives for a further step toward tho liberation of the outlying provinces of Tur key, we need not hesitate to assist the move ment, if that courso should appear desira ble. A special dispatch to tho Daii Xctrs, from Home, Bays that the Pope has invited Archbishop Lcdochowski to Komo on the expiration of his term of imprisonment, in in February next, to attond a special con sistory nt which be will receive tho insignia of Cardinal. THE TREMENDOUS ROW ABOUT THE ST. GEGHAM BILL IN THE NORTHEAST. Tlie Pope'a 111 Toe Kicking I n Proillicloua IMixt. From the Cleveland Leader, ilt. At the Republican primary meetings held throughout the townships: on Tuesday night, scores of men hitherto Democrats appealed ut the polling places and wanted to vote. Their Democratic records being known, they were challenged, of course, and they said : "Yes, we are Democrats, hut we ciin't stand this Democratic cottoiiing to the Catholics ; we are down oil this Catholic warfare on the fn-e schools, and we are going lo vote the Jii publi can ticket. II e want to begin now." And the honest, sensible farmers said : "That's all riidii ; let litem vote ;" aud so those Democrats begun their career as Republican- This account comes to us direct t -in several townships, and is brought men who saw aud heard what tin v describe. Senator Thurman was rigid. The priests have overdone the thing by "sticking their d d noses into politics." IFiom the Cleveland Herald. 2Ht.) Republicans of the twelve Western Reserve counties will vote this fall to the last man. And to a man they will vote the Republican ticket. Ami they will do this because every liber iu a Western Reserve Republican's body is tingling with the school question. The 'Tope's toe" has stirred up a tremen dous dust up this way, Mr. Com mercial, The Richmond Whig fears that tho intemperate utterances of extreme State Rights advocates may drive from the support of the Democracy, men who cooperated with them last year. It reminds Mr. Reck, who has been calling "nation" a "contemptible word," that among the results of the war is " the utter abrogation of the right of secession," aud that what all .States Rights champions now claim is the right of each Ktalo to " local self government iu all her own intrinsic all'airs." A little boy in Amity township, Horks county, Pa., although seven years old, measuros but thirty-two inches in hoigltt. He has grown but little, if any, sinco he was two years old. II o is laid to be very bright and intelligent for one of bis years. TEMPERANCE MEANDERINGS. lnulnln ChamoUe Asritln, To the tjlitort of the. Chronicle: Kor the first time, with only the usual Incidents of travel, I found my self at Flnrastle, far up Powell's Val ley. In my flight thitherward, I had orgenlzed a Lodge at Clinton had been stormed out at Careyville deliv ered a moving lecture at Jackshoro' (it moved some old whisky bibbers out of the house) bad lectured nt Fincaslle slu-heil my way (in company with Rev. E. R. Clark,) through rnin and mud, up the valley to l'leuauiitttrove lectured and lived to get buck to Fiu csslle ; whore on Saturday uflernnon, 1 concluded to ascend the Cumberland mountains, that uii these days hail been cloud-wrapped, nnd slumbering only ono mile awuy. Ah! fatal fasci nation ! Committing the secret of iny inten tions to no one, I wetideil iny way across a soft yielding stuhblelleld through a softer cornfield into anoth er stubbleflcid through it barnyard up a "spring branch " into, and across another Held, and finally over the fence, and lo I ho mountain. The forest swallowed me tip. Following a ravine, down which rushed, during a rain storm, a raging torrent. I pant ingly ascended. Now stepping from rock to rock, now toiling up steep weed covered hills, till half way up, my legs protested, and seated me ou a fallen tree. " Sileuce and solitude." Where were the birds? Where the sighing wlllllil? Tim lioiinliilii uln.f .. . - . - ...'.i i. r-i.fc. UUU- detily the silence stirred at the sound of dashing hoofs. A herdmau plunged across the ridge above me. then clisnn- peared in a gorge mysteriously as tie came, dropping the curtain of silence iitninu iitin. Jlad I been superstitious I .might have'swore that the irenii who haunts the mountains had waked the echoes, to warn me of the coining storm. The storm was coming, hut for awhlie I was lijnornnt of the fact. On the other side of the mountain an oc casional thunderbolt would burst, hut overhead all win serene. In mv on ward toiling I had reached the loot of tlie luacceasable precipice which for miles crown tlie summit or the Cum berland. Deep shades fell about me. I lie silence could be felt. A worship- iiii awe stoie turotign my neing, ana 1 could uiKlerslanil why our Savior turned lo the mountain solitude, when he would spend the night in urnvt-r. My reverie was suddenly ended by a blinding Hash of lightning, followed by a thunder crush thst set. til! the mountain echoes bcllowinit. I looked uii. Tho storm had ussaulled tlie mountain's crest, anil wus rolling the uiacK clonus over its rocky hattle menis. The thrilling spell that arose ami enwrapped inn ironi tlie Powell Valley, spread out like nn earthly Kdeu fur below, was broken. How to es cape the fury of the storm was the great question. Like a frightened deer (or more antly a mountain sheep) I turned mid lied, swift as the wind (wlieu it don't blow much), I bounded from rock to rock over tall weeds aud prostrate trees down the gloomy gorge under the great trees rather. iug momentum as I went, until the question became a serious one, how to stop. 1 didn't measure mv strides- couldn't stop tried to put on tlie brakes wouldn't work .evidently a runaway sciape I had became un- mauigable couldn't keep oti-couldu't stop, ai lengtn I made a final effort to get the better of my top-heavy head aud reckless legs threw all my powers into a back action movement, just iu time to keep from uprooting a sapling iiiul was uiougtiiiees enough to stand right in my roud. Hat down panting. Storm muttered ut my delay ; legs suid, "can't help it." Storm let drop a near thunderbolt; legs said, "bluzo away." Storm said, "I won't wait ;" legs'said, "come on, aud do your worst, we can't and we won't." Reader, the storm came. His solemn march on the mountains rolled a sepulchral dirge through the deepening twilight. A few moments and lie was on me. Torrents from above awoke the torrents below. Sigh ing winds, pouring rains, rushing waters, bellowing thunders, made up a hymu the storm god sang, aud to which the red-wiuged lightnings danced. "Did you get wet?" Shade of Noah'a flood ! ! Ask my forlorn silk hat, my streaming clothes, my poor limp wheezing gaitors,' that seemed to have lost all their pride and gone into the wet-rag business ! "Wet!!" language falls. In a subdued state of mind all the romance waslied out, likewise the starch we sauntered on, until coming to a cabin we turned aside, aud soon thereafter we might have been seen clad iu a butternut gray, while our clothes were steaming before a blazing Are. A good supper, a good horseback ride, and I was iu Fiucastle once more. just as Brother Clark hegau to wonder what had become of me. J. F. Goldman. The Mare that Beat "The Maid." Something of a breeze has resulted from the races of Butlalo l'ark, just closed, in remarkable trotting time claimed to be made by a hitherto un known mare. j,ui;j, wulcli "cleaned out" the eutire entries lu the " free-to-all " race for a SI.tMlo purse. The time claimed Is:15, made in the third heat, and said to be the second fastest on record. Lulu Is owned by John Harker, of Rochester, where she last year made 2:Mi bred by Colonel Crockett, of Ueorgefown, Ky., with this pedigree : She is pure thorough bred, sited by Alexander's Herman, he by the Moss horse ; dam by import ed Hortou. Klie is eleven years old, fifteen hands one inch, and deep hay color. As a consequence horsemen are excited ; but her age, doubtless, will keep the uniinal from winning great laurels further. Toledo Commercial. LETTER FROM CALIFORNIA. Fart About the 4'llmnlr Iu Health fiilnr-n-Vrcplntlon. e., . Riverside, Cau., Aug. 3, lS7r. To the. Kditort of the Chronicle Perhaps a letter from Southern Cali fornia might be of Interest to you and your readers. Geologically and other wise considered, this is one of the newct countries on the continent the last that God made, and the last that restless and migrating man bos gone forth to occupy ; here, I will add, the taut in the best of all, the very superb est hind beneath the sun. That this country has been to some extent exag gerated, by Interested parlies, none wlio are posted can deny. These par ties have lied, not so much by what they have said as by what they have riof said. It is a case of lying by a willful and premeditated suppression of the truth. They tell all Urn good, and none of the bad. Hence, many immigrants come here under the fatal delusion that this country is Heaven a laud filled with all good, and utterly exempted from all evil. This is a sad and great mistake. California, in common with all other earthly countries, Is a mixture of the good and the bad, with the good, how ever, more largely predominating than iu any other country I have ever seen. It is not necessary, therefore, to hriug all her admirable qualities fully iuto view, and then hide her deformities behind the curtain. All that this country needed to win and hold the admiration of mankind, wus simply to hiivj told of her " the truth, the whole truth, and nothing hut the truth." Your correspondent does not propose to tell all the truth that might be told of California, but so fur as I go I shall try to tell the truth. It is of Southern California, in general, and of this lo cality specially, that I wish to write. As to climate, this country oilers as goon as tne nest oi any oilier. It seems to me to be about all that the most fas tidious could modestly require. This is what Califoruiuns call a "spotted " c.iuiitry, that is, the climate of this country, line 1'eter Cart Wright's growth in grace, is in "spots." Some times a jaunt of ten miles here, will ail'ord us great change of climate ns would two hundred in vour country. Thereare situated in this valley two towns. San Bernardino and Riverside, apart twelve miles; and I should not wonder if tho diU'erence of climate be tween these two places, are not as great, as are those between Knoxville and Atlanta. All over this country, tukiiifs the year round, there is a re markably even temperature. It gets hot, but never cold. The variations are nearly all on one side, making the mean or average temperature quite uniform. Rut if you select a Mngle twenty-four hours of the year, you will be astonished to find a difference of from thirty to fifty degrees between the hours of 2 a. m. and 2 l M.; ami yet, these changes are constant. There is a remarkable disparity between the temperature of the day aud that of the night. Xo matter how hot the day, the night is sure to be cool. Yet the atmosphere is so perfectly dry and pure that oue can sleep out in the open air with the utmost safety. In fact, these cool nights are one of the many excellencies of California's climate. For sleeping they nre most glorious, and unexcelled. .None of that awful rolling and unrest, that melting, roast ing, seething ailiictiou, that one is sometimes compelled to endure in tlie East. Any one witli a good con science, uud'a moderately well behaved liver, cau Jsleeji In California. How I pity you Kuox villains these hot Au gust nights. What Brooklyn Is to New York, Cal ifcruhi should be to the United States, the great sleeping department of the Nation. If this management were complete you. over-worked editors could lind sonib rest, provided you have the lirst requisite to good sleep ing a clear aud good conscience. The winters are said to be beautiful. Then It rains, aud the weather is so balmy that all the earth is carpeted iu verdure, and the plains and mountains crowned with flowers. The rain fall here, even in winter, Is light ; yet gen erally sutlicient to produce a crop of barley without irrigation. Plants, so delicate, that you would have to nuise them in a hot house or in the chimney corner in Kant Tennessee, stand out under the genial skies, and many of them flower all the vear. Y'ou can judge of the climate by the fact that oranges, lemons, limes, tigs, apricots, almonds and, iu short, all the semi tropical fruits grow here to niuturity. Yet, sometimes there comes a killing frost. Such wus tbe case lust spring a frost came iu April, killing nearly all the fruit, and leaving its blacken ing footprints on the tender trees. Such frosts, however, are, fortunately, very rare. Not for fifteen years, it is said, has there been such another frost. From April to November this is liter ally a rainless laud, unless, perchance, there comes a shower iu August, This feature of the climate I especially like. No blackened heavens nor furious storms : no pealing thunder nor drenching rains, are here. Every day is bright, clear, beuutiful. Rut vou say what of the dust. It is bud enough, I assure you one of the most disagreeable thiugs in California. And, yet, I do not think it so bad an article of dust as you have in Tennessee. It is exceedingly light and volutile, more like flour than dirt, and very easily brushed oil'. Nor is it so had 'for the lungs- and head us the dustut the East. Still, if you ever come to California, you will And dust to your heart's eouteut. Rain hero in the summer Is not a blessing but a misfortune. When the ruins cease iu the spring the food that has grown during the winter dries upon the plain and remains perfectly good throughout the dry season, but the first rain that falls ruins it, of course, and not only that, but it, also, sprouts the seed that is to produce the next crop, and consequently cuts that off, thus producing the double calam ity of blighting two crops. The heat Is never so oppressive here ns it is in a moist climate. I thins; one feels the heat more in Knoxville when the mercury stands at 87 than he would here when the same fluid trembles up to KM)8. I may say I am sure or this, having tried both places. There is something bracing and exhiteratinn iu this atmosphere tiiat I have never experienced elsewhere. One canper form more labor, with less sense of fa tigue, than you would possibly sup pose. We have an excellent " sea breeze ' every day. This very mate rially modifies the heat, as Weil as pu rifies the air and makes it healthful. I see nothing in this section to pro duce disease. The air is so pure and free from miasma as to be rather con ducive to health than productive of disease. Still I do not consider it so good as to form an infallible panacea. Many who come here lo be cured of consumption and Its cognate disea-e come only to die In a strange land, here be buried or otherwise have their bodies shipped East at heavy cost. There is no sort of sense, except bud, manifested in bringing dead men aud. women to this, country in tlie vain iiope that it will raise them from the dead, and give them new lungs, new throats and a new lire. It will certainly do none of these "mighty works." If one Is only in the incipiency, or first stage, of con sumption, then I wc ild say come; but if you have advanced beyond this, I would advise you, by nil means, stay at home that is the best place to die. I consider it one of the meanest and most cruel things that can be done, Ut lie to and deceive the sick and the dying. That certain interested parties in this country have done these things I have no doubt. For the sake of sell ing a few acres of laud, or making money in some other way, they have held their false keeper lo the view of the unfortunate and the afllicted, and have thus imposed upon and most wickedly deceived that very class of persons that above all others ought to have the sympathy and help of every body. There nre certain diseases for which this climate does seem to lie a specific. Among these is asthma. I have seen a number of persons who came here siifl'iTing from this disease, every ono of whom testified that heor sho had been cured or greatly relieved by the climate. I suspect there is no more healthful country on this conti nent than Southern California, and I think this is saying enough, without holding out any false inducements. We should like to have a great many of our Eust Tennessee friends come here, but we shall Terrain from persua sion, lest they might be disappointed, and then censure us for bringing them into trouble. I will only say, we like California even better than we ex pected. Yours truly, Jonathan L. Mann. Soldiers' Stories. Several powder-begrimed veterans gath ered in a certain polico station the other evening, says tho Louisvillo Courier-Journal, to koeu out of tbo rain for a few min u lu?, and while thero discussed the late war. "I remember," said one, "that a bullet passed clear through Georso liay'a body and nover killed him." "1 rocollect," said another, "that a ball lodged in Bill Tnyson's lung and nover was tuken out, but ho lived." "I," said a third, " know well when the. doctors thought Henry Bill's life was gone up as a 'mime' lodged within an inch of his heart, but ho lived. " "Jake Johnson's head was pierced by a ball, and bo lived," exclaimed the last man but one. These romurks produced consid erable surprise Mnd excit-d :i speech from nil snvou lal1. elim and i-lei-, - individual, who waited till 1j is compan.u.-.s concluded and then drawled, in iiitig accents: "Those fellows was u little lough, I allow: but Jim Junes, who tit aside of mo, wus shot in the t.. ck so that bis head j list hung by tho el: "i Heavens!'' ejaculated all ; "you don't n.t:t.i to say he lived, do you V" "Oh, no; he died," drawled s'.im and sleepy. pauperism in England. Some authentic and interesting fig ures have recently been submitted to 1'arliament as to the cost and present tendency of pauperism iu England. The number of paupers In the receipt of relief was 9fi8,oot) in 18-i.S, rose to 1,(115,000 in the Lancashire distress ac companying our war, aud again rose aud reached its highest point iu the. years 1M3D-'T0-'1, when the average was 1,0'J,0()0. Since 1871 there has been a gradual diminution, till on tbe 1st of Jauuary, 1875. the number bad fallen to 800,000, or 20 per cent, iu the whole country and 40 per cent, in London. Tlie cost per pauper has risen from jC'J Us 4d in 1858 to JL'i) lis 5d. reflecting both the increased cost of sustaining life and the relief of a larger proportion or the poor indoors than formerly. The greutest cost was in 187:2, when 8,000,000 or $10,000,000 was spent by the public authority in Eng- iuuu in relieving tne necessities of the poor. The tendency to diminish will iiardly survive the! present year with its treat coal and irou aud cotton strikes. About Monuments. (From the Qreencville American. From Memphis, we believe, cornea the motion that the State shall erect a monument to the memory of Andrew Johnson, nt tlie Capital. A good and patriotic idea, but it will never be car ried out, or should not, until the ashes of John Sevier are brought from their obscure resting place on the soil of Alabama, uud en tombed beneath suit able memorial stones, In the State to whose settlement uud subsequent prosperity tie contributed so largely. Reside his serviced to the State, to the Southwest and to the whole country, Andrew Johnson's claims to the honor of remembrance are ns nothing.