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P u Devoted to Literature, News of the Day, Agriculture, and Important Local Intelligence, Etc. VOLUME Y. MAKYV1LLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1S73. NUMBER 39. wLi W. J. BETTKRTOjST & BEO., Jvnoxvillo, 'Joiuios.scc. AND WM.n.rsAI.B IiKVI.Kl'.S IN Vhiskes, Brandies, and Wines, 1 8 they make Uifir owu wln-d. ion, l'i. CORN WHISKY. WHITE l.n.v t una to Le jerfeotly rt'r.E. They oQVr to tha trait RYE WHISKY, SILVER SPRAY WHISKY. ABO Roane County Whisky. The wbicUi.-n c.- through a jnvesn cf; purinratlnn jxvuliar to lhe!r own mannf-tore, and they leutiy econm:eiid tliem, uto for medicinal ni r .c, as equal to any whlskiM that are made. xxxx W. W. Lawrence, M AN I' F.VCTriiEU OF BOOTS, SHOES, SADDLES, SOLS LEATII U UP VAX TKATII Eli. Harness Leather, Kip Skins, etc., Springfield, Tennessee, ER. (Two Miles Northeast of Maryville.) 1UO DKALIil IK Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Queenswarc, Notions, etc Cfteh rij for ITi lee, at advanced price, delivered at my Yard. 3k rs i v : NEW CIIAS. FURIMl JN L 1 1 r y v i 1 1 1. TURE STORE, I 2': POO; WORKING MA N. mr iiEMtt r. ia.stos, If tliere IK Rcrret jilaee on tlie, fare of .lie earth Where cl arity ilwvlletli, w here virtue liaili lurili? W'hi re bosoms in merry and 'aiidnevH will heave, Atjd the i.Kir ajid tho wretched thail ask auii're . reive; , , . Is then" no p'aoo nu earth wbero a Uuoek from tht poor Will lirinir a kind anel to ojien tbti door? h ! veareli the wide world wherever yon can. There is n open door for a poor workintrmuii ' Go, look in y.m ball. where the oliandelier'H li;;ht. Iinven on with its splendor the '.arknnx of niht ; Wtiere the noli tiamrln? velvet, in shadowy fold, Sweeps prae ! ullv down wi'h it trimmiug of jokl, And the mirrors of silver take np aud renew, In Ioiik lihte J vista , the w.lderini; view Gather in yo'ir pat.-kei, and tiud, if yon can. A weleo;u:m Mie;ie tor a poor worl:; j-;w:.i I Oo, look in your rhnreh of the rloud-rrarhine- spire. Which Rives back to the nun his same look of rid - fire;- Where the. arches and columns are porf-eonx within, And the walls seem a pure a, a soul without in ; o down ttio h'litf aisle wee the rich and the rrrat In the pride and the pomp of their worldly estate Walk down in your patches, and hnd. if you can, One who opens a pew to a poor work;ii;;inan ! Oo look to yon .indite in his dark flowing tfown. With the aealeM wherein law weighs eijiuty down. Where he frowns on the wtak.and smiles on the strong. And punishes rifiht, while he justifies wroii-j; Where jnrors their lips on the llihle have laid, To render a verdict they've already made Oo there, in the court-room, aud find, if you can, Any law for the cause of a poor workiiujmun '. Oil, look fn the hanks, where M milium has told His hundred of thousands of silver and U"ld ; Where safe from the hands of the star in;,' aud poor, Lies pile ur;n pile of the ulif UTini; ore; Walk p to the counter -ah ! there you may stay. Till your limbs grow old and your hair turns f,'ra', And you'll And at the hanks no (.no of the ciau With money to lend to a poor workmumau ! Then pro to your hovel ; no raven has fed The wife who has suffered too loin; fur her hread ; Kneel down to her pallet, and kiss the death fr-'St From the lips of the ati;el your poverty lo.-t ; Then turn in your anony upward to iiod. And bless while it smites you, the chastening rod ; And you'll find at the end of your lite's little sp in, There' a welcome above for a poor w 'orkinnman ; .1 i 'st.Ul'' i- fiir.- a.le i ma', I u 1 b- t , I- , (Ml 11 CSSt'C 1 1 ! TVt' ! ' 1. 1 I t Iti.: S. M. "WELLS & BRO., MAM'. Ai Ti'IiKllS tI" Boots and Shoes. Collars and. Bridles, LEATHER, ETC., TW:i l will" - rI t'Uih' n n book VANTED J. B. BURR & HYDE, rniUNiK!:i, , ! SO OK! - 7 . ! All H- . IF ? - , I :! Hartford, Con. i-s-J ; GIVEN AWAY ! -.V Fine German Chromo, We Seud Au Elc(j m! Chrr-rno. nu unted aiid ready f iu0', Free to very Ac'eut. r Fram- Underground ; ui:, LIFE EELOW THE SURFACE, I!T TIIO-s. W. KNOX, V i I'ps. Iklmn. 130 l'lne ra v i ii"- ! ii? and Accvd A Eritish Prediction of the Future of American Iron. N itwithstanJiup: tln t-tlorts of our I Iiritish c-xciianpffS to ODiiviiiPoiheiascl vi s I and tlioir readers that the importation ! of American iron into Kugiand is im- possioie, tue very i-u-h 01 s'kmi a mint: seeius to be a nightmare of horror to theui. Tltey euiivot Kt the snhjeet drop, even for a week. S.iys Irou, in its last issue : "The tall talk of last week on the importation of American iron into Liv erpool has been supplemented by asser tions that the mills of Pittsburg, J'a., are rolling boilerplates for Inland, and ! that a htr'e eonomner in South Stall'ord shire has lately concluded a contract with a Pennsylvania rolling mill for '.', ioi) tons finished iron. Although many of the reports now tl.vincr about will be found destitute of foundation, i there is little doubt that the Americans ! have succeeded in elbowinp; us out of j the Canadian market, and that both Au ; stralian and South American puychas i its of hardware are attracted bv the work. LOST OR WON AT WIMBLETON. "I shall look out for you at Wimble ton." Those were his last words as he put her into her carriage after the Nor wood's pleasant dance ; words that had dwelt in her memory more than she would care, perhaps, to acknowledge. And it was with undisguised pleasure that fiho now turned to answer his eager greeting. " ; ' Very pretty she looked in her dainty dress and ribbons; ami so K tlph Leices ter thought when he ne t the earnest "lance of her gray eyes uplifted to his. He felt as though lie e uld' then and there have pledged himself her life long slave, instead of prosing on about the heat and the shooting, and a thou sand other commonplaces, whieh go to mikrt un an ordinary conversation. As it was, T think his gaze was Miuiciently expressive, and that Margaret Dene ap pW iti iilent eloiieiien iuitt us taueh re she woubt have uoije mote out spoken admiration. Tliev had met for tho first time at ;t n:e-nio sopie tvo ears before, and then not Hceii e.o h other again till the dance I have rt f erred to; but each held a Iiv. lv reniemhranee f the pleasant, day it t".':ether, and had been glad t acquaintance. Now they like old friends, :uil more that! one rem irk was made during the dav on the attention Leiee-der was pay ing to that pn tty MtH Dene ; while the men wondered, as they will do some times, what the latter found in her com panion so attractive. Handsome young exquisites looked down upon him from the superiority of their good looks and greater number of inches, and said that, "by Jove she'd a funny taste !" reflect ing, perhaps, ,m her apparent blindness to their lierfeetions, and evident liking for the '"ugly little barrister." Ugly he was ; but iu spite of his plain face an 1 somewhat short stature there was talent and power in his strongly marked features, aud an indescribable freshness and vi-r about his character which -pe renew their seemed quite at ones recognized and party could bp merrier tent rill oi ! 'S, r, and his the mfec- rcport is llivers has gone oV with :of the Engineers?" asked beautifullv finished American which, although dearer, Tt.'.ates l:i. c f l: ; sr i r .rreiil- f S-H'I--' t ' ii.t:i and t :, .r W ick.sl:.. s- ; l r.s. 1' -.ptiis .-t toe S. a ; t f Crime. I !: It aieis ; :::e nr . - n . t in i r:s. n ; so .. i, -l..e.s: i.Mirtiej t Se.-ld'-llts m 111.11. r t lv Hiiiuisin. ti ; v . f the tin at cit.e-, . e a:it Jik'. ii's I . ', e ten:. .r . s-vIi'.l: tins h 'k. t.-r'-.s t. agents. J. B and Accidents h.-vi.tid the I.iflit Ad .ent -ir. s in all j arcs 'f tlie 1 M f Werkitu tl : I'mier- y ; i ' i ml inn; and its Herr'Tn; r M ;. -t. ri.-s ; The Iark Ways of an t : he r S...T' ts ; Oow u ;n t!.e ; .'t.-.uv st..rn-s of tt.e lctec'l..ll - k t r. n'f eTjTi.-T re v it li br:i; . :n .i. r.s and L'an.blii.i hei.s ; Lie ! exits; ad nr.'S aiiiom; I:i- r"iii'!i Sewer and Catacomhs ; ; ..ar. .in 1 p:ra. ; tortures i f n. h i f ui h..ri:iaricM ; underworld r tl.is 1 n! s . .iu n id f. r : en nhi.'h we five um- f l""t a week in 1'iilars aud epecial EURR HYDE, )! VU lT't!'.I'. '. 'SN . r ( H!C VOO, II.IdNtdS. Dipn't Srrr Tin;. 'Twas a shawl the girl wanted. Now the polite merchant prides himself upon his good taste, and, having a large stock of shawls, thinks that where he fails to suit, it is useless for anyone else to try. He selected a shawl and airanged it in the manner now worn, hnving some trouble iu get ting it tj lay down in front just to his r.otion. Ilei succeeded, however, and, stepping bick a few paces, asked how tint suited. "Humph," replied the girl, "I wouldrj't be found dead in the woo ls with tint shawl on." The shawl was restored to the box by his aiTable clerk. A company has been organized in San Francisco with a capital of $o00, 000, for the jnannfaetnrM of jute bags is infinitely j more saleaoie tuan ours. i. treat ami i well founded apprehensions are enter j taiued that the development of the im- niense mineral resources of Virginia will seriously atlect, H not entirely ex tinguish, our iron trade with Amei ici." How much or little of truth there may be in the statements above made coneerrning American steel boih r plates and finished iron for IJritish consump tion, we are not prepared to say. We have heard the stories, and are, conse quently, disposed to receive them nn rmio s(th'.-; but Tron is right in what it has to say about our growing trade with Canada, Australia and South Amer ica, aud is probably not far astray in its predictions as to the ultimate ben I'.ts which will follow the development of the vast coal and iron resources of the Virginias. The probable rapidity of this development may be estimated from the fact that seven ore beds, sev enteen coal mines and twelve furnaces are now in operation on or near the line of tho Chesapeake and Ohio railroad. Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama are also developing their iron resources, and in a few years the s.-.uth will eon tribute largely to the iron production of the country. When that time comes we shall not only ha ve no use for Prit ish iron, but we may have tome of our own make to spare, for such of our neighbors as may want it. If many professing christians should speak out the things they really feel, instead of the smooth prayers which they do pray, they would say when they go home at night, "O Lord, I met a ioor wretch of yours to-day a miserable, unwashed brat j-nd T gave him sixpence, and T Jiavo ber sorry for Margaret D.'Ue admired. No luncheon t., ! ..f :-.! . n-itli..i-n,l in t! til iii iini ..iii..i ..i.i . . ... . Charlie Ueiie, captain of the lis own spirits was evorilowiii! urc.ests s..,.raed to have caught tion of his gayety. "Who knows wic-ther th' true that Clara Tom Lightfos somebody. "I do," answered Charlie. "Old llivers told me about it himself this morning, ll-'s furious, and says they shall neither of them ever touch a penny of his money. y ih bye, Travers," he added, turning round sud denly upon a conceited, foolish-looking young man at his side, "we ought to condole with yon, I fancy; were you not rather sweet in that quarter V-' "Not at all," answered Travers, try ing vainly to look unconcerned. "I aw wo were only amusing ourselves." " Oh, 1 see," said a voice from the end of the table; "attention without inten tion, as f omehody has defining flirting. Vt ry ki id of you though, old fellov, to let her use you as a blind. Or perhaps she despaired of your ever coming to the point, and it's pique after all, that has led her into this marriage?" Such a roar of laughter followed this sally that Charlie called for order, and begged to know the cause of it. "P.d you never hear that story?" said Pob Lambert, fixing his merciless eyes on poor Travers, who was becom ing more and more uncomfortable under this chalV. "One t veiling, the lovt ly Clara threw over our friend here for a waltz with trii.t .. Charlie, and when he called her to order for her faithlessness she only laughed. Trav ers could not understand Mich indill'er ence, until at last the happy thought occurred to him that he had himself danced three times with a eertaiu young lady in blue. 'I know why you did it,' he said, inspired with this new idea; 'it was pique.' 'Pique? Mr. Travers,' replied Flora ; and they said her face was quite sublime m its innocence ; ' I dou't know the word : what does it mean ?" P.y the bye, I never heard your answer," lie added, across the fable, to the unhappy youth ; " rather difiieult to find oue, was it not?" . "Now charming ! Quite a situation." chimed in .another voice, with buch an exact imita ion of Travers's speech and manner, that Charlie, in his character of host, began to j', el things had gone far enough ; and to turn the tide of conver sation he broke it with a question on his cousin Margaret's long tete-a-tete with 11 tlph Leicester. " V!;ii do you think I saw to-day, M"sc? Your old friend, Cecil Collins; ho made most particular inquiries after yon." "Do you know Collins?'' said Ralph, looking up. For a moment Margaret hesitated, and her companion's quick cy detected the strauga expression which flitted across her countenance ; but she recovered her self-possession almost immediately as she answered : " We were near neighbors and great friends as children, but I have not seen him now for several years." "Ah," said Charlie, "you would scarcely know him again ; ha is hau-l-ttill; but a ivcre wreel-,. t h3 former self. He's not forgotcen how to shoot, though ; by George, his scores are something already, Leicester, for I've backed 3011 for the (pie. n's prize against all the ladies I know : Froment's whole stock couldn't clear mo if you lost." " Take my advice and hedge at once, then," answered Ralph, laughing; then lowering his voice he added : " Miss Dene, will you wish me suc cess ?" " With all mv heart, Mr. Leicester." " I think I shall succeed, then," he said, in his odd, cool way. "Do 3011 know I can understand now how those old knights used to perform sush prod igies of valor, inspired by their fair la dy's scarf as a talisman? May I be equally favored ?" and he laid a mean ing hand on the rose at her side. "I fear the t'ays of chivalry ire over," answered Margaret ; but as she did not attempt to repossess herself of the flower, I think she was quHo willing he should prove its talismatic powers. "Not at all, fair lady; and when I bring the trophy of victory to lay at your feet, I shall expect the reward of my prowess." Margaret lcoked up, not quite know ing how to take this speech, but, if she read an3 serious meaniug in his eyes, the light laugh and low bow which ac cornimuied the words seemed meant to pass them off as a jest. ; " Leicester,'' broke in Charlie again, j "did von say you knew Cenl Collins?" I " Wo were ut Oxford together for a j short time," answered 11 ilph ; "he came j up there about six months before I left in time to do me a service I hope T ' shall never forget. He saved my lif" he added, iu answer to Margaret's j quick look of inquiry. " was attacked by a mad dog one day, a hugo creature, j when I had nothing but a slight cane iu ; my hand ; ami it would have been all 1 up with me, then aud there, had not ( Collins, a mere youth freshly arrived at j college, be, a passing at that moment. He rushed forward just as the brute's teeth were about to grab my arm, and, ioiontr its llr drajji-cd it oil", holding it back by mam lorcc tut r'um-Kin from behind came up aud gave it the i,tij (' ,'. He is a brave fellow, whatever' are his faults, and has made i me his debtor to no small amount." 1 "Poor Cecil!" sighed Margaret to j herself ; but Ralph caught the words, i aud a pang of jealousy came over him ; a.; he thought ttiat thereby hung a tale, i Perhaps it was as well he could not seo the vision which rose before his i companion's eyes ja-t then; the vision : of a quaint old parsonage garden, with ! a boy and girl standing there among the roses and saying good-by to more, ' ah, how much more, than they them 1 ! f ..it i selves knew:- he to go lorui into tue world aud, fall from his high re solves and noble ambitions into the downward path, too fe;irful!y easy to travel along ; and she to remain in her quiet home and dream of an impossi ble future. None knew what to her had been the awakening from those ; dreams when the first faint rumor, 1 which she strove to disbelieve, reached 1 her, and then when later she knew be- j youd a doubt that the idol she wor- , shiped was of clay, all unfit for the ' shrine she had found it. 1 Hers was a self-contained nature ; 1 the wound had bled sorely, but no one ' guessed its presence only her family ! were wont to remark, "How quiet Mar garet has Income !" It was now com pletely healed, how completely she has , not realized till these last few days. ' though the sear was still left, and would ; not bear handling tou roughly. Perhaps all of this will account for j the fact of Margaret Dene being yet i unmarried at t he advanced age of live-' and-twenty : a fact whieh her friends were never iire.i oi womieruig at. 1 Before many minutes my heroine's j thoughts wer' recalled to tie.'? present b the general breaking-up of the par-'. t3, and somehow the an voir Tikis- ; pered in her ear by earnest Jones made ! her quite forget to revert again to such 1 sad retrospections. Come along, M-g, let's try to forget about shooting for a while, or it will de cidedly a licet my brain after all I have heard of it, to-day." If Charlie's braiu wen; not nll'ected, somebody's else appetite was ; tho song she had been practicing, that afternoon, would keep recurring to Margaret's memory, with its refrain of Shakspeare's verse : ladies, sih no more; "Who's won V" shouted a chorus of' voices as, two days later, Charlie saun- ; tered into his mother's drawing-room. ! " riease Charlie, do tell us quickly w ho won?" " Who won what? Do be a little quiet, girls; it's far too hot to exert one's-self this weather. How de do, Margaret? I never saw 3011 anything but cool in all my life; wish I could say ditto for myself ;" aud catching up a fan, the 3-ouug man threw himself in to an easy -chair with a great affectation of feeding overcome. "Come, Chrales, don't bo such a tease ! Who got tho queen's prize ! We are all dying to know. ' "Much good may the knowing do you then," said Chailie. "Cecil Collins lnts got it." "Cecil Collins !" and Margaret's -voice this time joined the others. "Why, 3-011 said Mr. Leicester was sure of it." " I never said anything of the kind; aud besides, if I did, I don't pretend to the pope's infallibility." Alter which Charlie tried the effects of the veranda and cigar on his milled feelings. So the rose did not answer after all, thought Margaret, as she walked to the window to ask what scoro Mr. Leicester had made. "Leicester never shot at all, was Charlie's gruff response. " Never shot at all ! Why not ?" "That's just what nobody knows. The fellows are saying it looks awfully fishy ; and Travers, who can always kitli a man when he's down, hints that he's got into some trouble or other, us those wonderfully clever men are sure to do ; but that's mere jealousy, because Travers is such a fool himself. Ida ! there's Phillips aud dinner ; I always look upon the two synonyuions. "Then nigh no more, ladies ; Men were deceivers ever On foot on nea and one on Khoro, To 0110 thing euustaut uever."' . y " Have 3ou a danco to spare me, Miss Dene?" "I fear not, Mr. Leicester;" and, without glancing at her programme, Margaret turned toward her companion to continuo the conversation Ralph had broken in upon, nor did she look round again till she knew he had left her side. It was their first meeting since that luncheon party at Wimbledon, now more than a month ago, when Ralph Leicester had been foolish enough to talk a great deal of nonsense, which she had been still more foolish iu believing, so Margaret said to herself. She did not in the least credit all the disagreea ble things people were saying about him; but he had shown pretty plainly, by his silence all this time, his perfect indifference to her good opiuion, and she determined on that point to meet him more than half way. She had just arrived at this conclu sion when Cecil Collins came forward to claim her for the wait, then commenc ing ; and as she walked down tho room on his arm, not a iew turned to gaze at the handsome couple and wonder who thex were ; a wonder easily satisfied, for Cecil, at least, was becoming well known. Not only had he won the queeu's prize, which in itself made him a sufficiently marked man, but with that prize he had come into the heirship of a large fortune. His uncle, a rich and eccentric old bachelor, who was wont to describe him self as "the best shot of his day, sir," and who considered that quite descrip tion enough of any man, was so delight ed to find his scapegrace nephew turn ing out a distinguished marksman that he wrote to him, promising not only to pay his debts, but to make a new will in his favor, if only that nephew suc ceeded in carrying off the prize of the year. A strange t xcuse, through which the truth showed somewhat pathetically, for making one last effort to reclaim the prodigal; that so, if it were possible, this only son of hi dead brother might still be found worthy to fill his place, when that place should have become va cant ; instead of the old home and well filled coffers passing into tho hands of strangers. The dance over, Margaret and Cecil strolled through the open w indow into the moonlit garden beyond, yda 1 to ex change the heated atmosphere of the ball-room for the cool night air. Did iu. ir thoughts wander back to that oth er ,.ardt n they had stood together in, : long ago, ere sin and sorrow ca.no to overshadow their young lives? Per haps so, for both were unusually silent; 1 and it was not till they had paced the ' whole length of the terrace that Cecil roused himself to say that which he had , brought his companion out there for the express purpose of telling her. . " Margaret," he said, ' llalph Leices ter is a friend of 3ours, is he not ?" j " Au acquaintance would be the more correct term." " Why so? I have heard your names , coupled together more than once ; 3'et ' ju t now 1 myself saw you refuse to ' dance with him. Are 3011 offended, like ' all the rest of the world, because he 1 threw tip the shooting at Wimblefou? ! or, perhaps, because ho did so without . telling you the reason?" I Margaret's only auswer was a suggos ! tion to go in; the night air felt chilly, she thought. "Not 3et, Margaret; not till I have ' told you what is weighing on my c n i science, if, indeed, s-.ieh a thing is still I left me," said Cecil, with rather a bit ; ter laugh. " People are saving that llalph Leicester has promised to win i the queen's prize for your sake, and that i vou have thrown him over for giving it i up. How far that may be true. I feel I ! have no right to ask, but as J, aud I alone, can tell vou his real reason tor not shooting, I suppose he would rather lose even you than confess it himself, you must listen to me a few minutes while I do so. Long ago 1 was fortunate enough to save his life in an encounter with a mad dog. I had almost forgot ten the circumstance, but it seemed that Leicester retained a veiw vixid remem brance of it ; and when, the day before the prize was to be shot for, my unch "s strange intentions came to his knowl edge how, I do not know, as I la d tried my best to keep the, woihl ignor ant, of the stake for which I had played and he found that thus something more than life, reputation and the means of once more l'a;ng the woild, were within my reach if only I could be suc cessful he generously determined no act of his should diminish nn chance ; and bv onietlv withdrawing from the mencement of the evening, but, if so, Ralph Leicester proved himself lamen tably wanting in such pride at that mo ment, though, as a rule, meekness was not counted among his virtues. His faco softened marvelously as he returned the programme, and there was an earnest ness in his voice which Margaret's ear was quick to discov. r, though he only said : "No. 23 is our dance, I believe?" " If you still care to claim it," she answered, blushing, and the ntxt mo ment her impatient partner had once more whirled her off iuto the dance. If he still cared to claim it ! Ay, did he' not ? That, and a great deal more rn ine-v 1 : 1 -r 1 r l 1 i 1 J' ueisiu.es, as iuarguret. luuuu wueu nuo once again paced the terrace, with Ralph Leicester as her companion ; and that such claim had been accepted Cecil was not slow to discover when he watched their return to the ball-room after more than an hour's absence. " There goes for my first attempt in the good line," said he, looking after them somewhat ruefully, "and a pre cious hard one I've found it, too ; but as the French have it, Ce n'est que le rcmicr pa qui route :' and the next step may be easier. Cod knows my folly has taught me a bitter lesson ; I will try what the other thing can do for me now." And he did tr3, setting his face right manfully to the I attle. Who can doubt of his success ? Verily, there had been more at stake, that summer's day at Wimbledon, than the world in its phi losophy could guess. GLEANINGS AND GOSSIP. Several negro families are prepar ing to emigrate from Last Tennessee to Liberia. A stock company is said to have been formed at Griffin, Ga., for the manufacture of coffee from persimmon seeds. One female clerk in the treasury department can count 0,000 notes in an hour, and has counted 4,000 in twenty minntes. George Law at forty-five worked as a day-laborer on the docks of New York. He is now worth about 810,000,000 law- Our Future Wealth. That our country is eventually to take the lead of all the world in wealth, must be plain to any one who fairly estimates of her as 3et undeveloped re sources. Since steam has been applied to com merce and manufactures, the produc tive coal lifclds of Great Rritian have been her chief sou-ce of strength. These coal-lields have been worked for a great number of .years, and many of them show symptoms of exhaustion. They are, moreover, insignificant in extent, as cornparexl with what this country possesses. The aggregate area of the coal fields of Great Rritain and Ireland is, at most, but 12,000 square miles, while that of the United States is at least lui,000 square miles. The coal area of Canada, mostly in Nova Scotia, is put down at IS square miles. If the quantity of coal in each given acre be about the same, then Nova Scotia is richer in coal than Great Britain ever was, and the United States is more thau sixteen times as rich. Iu fact, according to elaborate estimates made by Prof. Hogers, the whole of J'Jlirotn IHrulwun ' oiio-wvlil 1 1 tVei quantity of coal which exists iu this country. The present available quan tity in the British Islands is estimated at 100,000 millions of tons, while that of France and .Belgium is set down at 05, OoO millions. Coal aud iron go together. One is, as it wi re, a factor to the other ; without iron, coal would lose a large portion of its value ; without coal iron ore would be comparatively worthless. Though unlike they are still nearly related in their range of uses. The iron engine is rendered serviceable through the power which coal supplies, and the iron horse aud iron ship are propelled through the force which it develops. The rich distribution of iron ores in close proximity to all our gteat coal measures is a prophetic indication of our future wealth. All history shows that wealth and population gravitate toward centres enriched by the valued presence of coal and iron. No other country is p.s well supplied as the United States in these twin agencies of wealth, power, and population, consequently no other country will be as wealthy, as populous, and as powerful. Our largest coal field is that known as the "Great Appalachian." Passing through Western Virginia, Eastern Ken tucky, aud Eastern Tennessee, it ter minates in Alabama, here it makes its nearest approach to gulf and ocean waters. As" vet this great field is com paratively untouched ; but it is now attracting attention, and several niast furnaces for the production of iron have alicadv been established, not only on fhe line of the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, but in Alabama, toward the field's most southern extremity. When the south is supplied with transportation facilities equal to those now existing in Pennsylvania, the coal and iron trade of Alabama will be a power in this southern land, greatly exceeding that which th? coal and iron nf the Keystone state are to-day in the land of Perm. The field is in every respect an mvii mg uue. it i cmai, healthv climate, a generous soil, and unparalleled facilities for the produc tion of iron and other valuable minerals, Alabama must soon command the atten tion she deserves. New Birminghams and Sin fiields will soon spring up with- in 1(1' holders, auu ucu ..lauun.j.w,., 1 also lor sue nas an m ui.io.i..i command which has built up England's great textile oity. Death is as near to tho young as the old. Here is all the difference ; death stands behind the young mau's back, and before the old man's face. There has been a break in the em bankment of the Mississippi river, just below St. Louis, and the inhabitants were obliged to confiscate a Chicago man's boots to ping it up with. A western genius has an idea which is an idea. He rroposes to arrange church seats on pivots so the devout may more conveniently examine the toilets of those in the back seats. The sun is now working about ten hours per day, but proposes a gradual reduction of time for the next live or six weeks, in order to help the gas compa ny, and also the dealers in kerosene and tallow candles. A happy misquotation by a young lady, whose gentleman caller staid too late, caused a speedy good-by. The clock strnck twelve, and she remarked : "Nov. is the witching hour of night, when people yawn." Says the Detroit Free Press : A New Hampshire man was struck on the head with an axe and made an idiot for life, and yet the man who struck him was fined only ??Go. It doesn't damage a New Hampshire man much to make a fool of him. "You needn't come on Saturday night, or any other . night," was the soothing remark, written in delicate female characters on a postal-card which winged its way through the Leaven worth postoffice, the other day. The whole cumber of Modocs sent to the island iu South Platte river, near fort McPherson, Neb., is one hundred and fifty-seven, the most noticeable of whom is Miss Mary Jack, who is eigh teen, and handsome and has long, wavy hair, and a pair of black eyes that snap awfully when anything is said about her late father. An old, rough clergyman once took for his text that passage of the Psalms, " I said in my haste all men are liars." T-.oK.l-lr.;; nip up,-u-yV psalmist standing before him. lie said : " You said it in your haste, Iavnl, did you ? Well, if you had been here, you might have said it after mature reflec tion." A poet who writes with a metallic luster in a Texas paper, sings : ' There pat one day iu splendor," A maiden "UU; and far; With lk-autifnl soft Miie eyes, And gold aud silver hair. Now, this fair youuu maiden Had a mission to perform 1'1'ou this terrestal j-'lobe." The maiden's "mission" was specie payment. We know it by her hair " gold and silver." The little things which you may do for those about you will falll back upon your heart as the summer dews fall up bu the vineyards. What if it is nothing more than a kind word to a school-boy crying in the street ; it dries his tears, and the aching heart grows glad again. Vho knows what cloud of darkness one kind word may dispel. Dr. Dio Lewis now tells "our o-irls" that if thev want to learn to walk well they should " walk an hour a day, with a weight say a bag of beans upon tkeir heads." A few days ago the doctor advised ladies to eat beans to improve their complexion. We begin to suspect that he belongs to a bean " ring," and is trying to bull the bean market. Joaquin Miller, in his "Life Among the Modocs," says : " When I die I shall take this book in my hand, and hold it up in the day of judgment." As the book in question has been univer sally damned already on both sides of the ocean. Joaonin had better try to part company with it on judgment day if he has any judgment himself. The New l'ork Tribune gallantly remarks: "There are those who be lieve there is a providence which watches over drunkards, which sustains their tottering steps on slippery places, and which softens the paving stones for them when they fall. It would some times appear that a similar care has or dered that whenever an especially mean and selfish scamp is driven into mar riage, a woman of more than usually angelic character is provided for him. And the more the scamp is developed in him, the more the angel blooms forth in her." r'rr The Literate of Our Home Railroads mine. Margaret, and with it the new life that has opened upon me ; but 1 j need hardly tell you how I shall count ' it all too dearly bought it Leicest r's future happiness has been sacrificed to its pavment." Half an hour later, as Ralph Leices ter was standing moodily in the door way, his meditations were broken in upon by a dance-programme falling at his feet, as some waltzsrs llew past him. j He stooped to pick it up, not at all knowing who was its owner, and ab j sently ran his eye down the list, of i names inscribed therein. His indiffer ! ence vanished, however, when, toward : the end he came to his own, written in i a remarkably clear hand. It was odd, lie thought, decide dy odd ; as, with ' one exception, he had asked no one to dance with him that evening. Ho was i just bi ginning to wonder who the scribe ccrufdbe, when avoice said at his side : llthink vou have picked up my pro gramme, Mr. Leicester 1" and turning round he met ti e soft glance of a pair of gray e3es, which, this time, Were not averted from his gaze. Now, perhaps, it w ould only have b 'en showing proper pride to have repelled such advances from a young lady who had decidedly snubbed him .at tb oom- Along the line of Massachusetts rail roads, oiio thing is remarkable the character of books which the train boy brings you. Trashy novels and pam phlet biographies of celebrated crimi nals flung rudely in your lap ? No ! he comes to vou with Virgil, lacitns, Shakspeare, Milton, "Liffith Lank," Herbert Spencer, "St. Twel'mo," John Stuart Mill good solid reading. And he converses with you about the books, and tells vou who 'wrote them. And I h ive not it doubt, that by traveling over the Bostou and Albany, and New Haven and Northampton railroads for four or five years, and reading the Springfield Republican continual, a man will pick up about as much information as he could at college, and might eventually be able to answer all the questions that sociably inclined old ladies on the back seat may ask him. Lest my statement !,. ehni-acter of books perused on odrnnds of this state may be doubt- r..i T wish now to aflirm that, glancing nrliT the shoulder of a voting man sit ting in front of me, in the hope that he v.'odd have a guide-book that I could o-of n el.ance to borrow. I found that he hilintr away the time with "Ca-sar, idber Secnndus." lohii J'ant, in New York Urihuae, Letter from General Ryan. The following letter has been received bv Gen. Geo. W. Cook, an intimate friend of Gen. Ryan s : BmrnBEnn Halt,, Kingston-, Jamai ca, Oct. 23, 1873. To in ff dear Uconje : In one hour we leave for Cuba. This is quits unexpected, as we didn't expect to go until to-morrow, ana x xiaejiir.. r turned from the country. We arrived on the 13th inst.; had a storm on the 7th ; all provisions washed overboaro. ami deck swept fore and aft. Capt. Harris and the purser were badly injured. The captain pronounced it the most se vere hurricane he ever saw. x oi , hours I thought we would all enjoy the novelty of a bath in mid-ocean Since our arrival we have had a splen did time, feast after feast, ball after ball. The first ball was given "J honor of Gen. Verona and myself. All the fashion and wealth of the place were pre sent The governor general Condova and Judge Ticuburn gavo others, and gav ones they were. The place is tilled with beautiful women and gay and splendid fellows, geu-. us to a fault and liberal as- princes. I must .ay that 1 never revivjd such attention. I regret that wr.u. of th-". will prevent me giving vou a del ah ?d account of my adventures. I am fat as a bull and gay as a lark, and leave this place with many rre,ts . Very truly, etc, . A- ''