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Are prepared from Na ture's mild laxatives, and while gentle are reliable and efficient. They Rouso tho Uver Cure Sick Headache, Bil iousness, Sour Stomach, and Constipation. Sold everywhere, 25c. per box. Preparedby C.LHood & Co.,Lowell,Mmi, JPKKSS MAJUSS TW5 ••Id Russian Spies Are Inspecting Swe den's Fortifications. STOCKHOLM, Jan. 31.—The newspa pers are becoming persistent in their de mands for explanations from the gov ernment in regard to the steps it is pursuing relating to the Russian spies who for several weeks past are reported to have been seen in different parts of Sweden, especially in the fortified places. The papers declare that if the reports are true the government must address an unequivocal intimation to Russia that such proceedings must cease. There will probably be an inter pellation in the riksdag on the unbiect First publication Fob. 2,1900. Notice of Final Homestead Proof. Lund oliice at Bismarck, N.D., Jan. 26,1900. Notice is lioroby given that tlio following named .settler lias filed notice of his intention to maku tlnal proof in support, of his claim, and that said proof will bo made before register and receiver at Bismarck, N. D., on March 10,1900, viz: JOHN W. FRYKLUND, for the soH of Sec. 4, Tu p. 142 north of range 78, west of the 5tli P. M. Ho names the following witnesses to prove liiscontinuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: Oskar Lind, Axel Hedst roiu, August F. Ander son aud Edward Rassmussen, all of Slaughter, North Dakota. STATE A. C. M'GILLIVRAY, Register. [First publication Jan. 20,1S00 OF NORTH DAKOTA, COUNTY OF Burleigh In County Court. Before Hon. John F. Fort, udgo. In tho Mattor-of tho Estate of John Barker Greene, Deceased: CARRIE U. CROSE, "I Putitionor. vs. Ordor to WILLARD S. WALRATH Show Cause. and MARY T. FOX, Respondents. Tho petition of A. T. Patterson, administra tor of the estate of John Barker (ireeno, de ceased, having peon presented tT this court, wherefrom it appears to tho court that it is necessary to sell the whole of the real estate he longing to said estate for the purpose of pay ing tho debts, accrued and to accrue, against the estate of said deceased, and said petition now being filed in .said court It. is hereby ordered that all persons interest ed in said estate appear before the said court, at Bismarck, said county aud state, at 10 o'clock in tho forenoon of February 26, A. J). 1900, and show cause if any there bo why an order should not bo granted to tho administrator to sell so much of tho real estate of decedent as is neces sary, as set forth in the said petition. Dated at Bismarck, N. D., this 24th day of January, A. D. 1900. [Seal JOHN F. FORT, .Tudgo of the County Court. Lot the foregoing order to show cause bo served by publication thereof for four succes sive issues in tho Bismarck Weekly Tribune. Dated Jan. 21,1900. [Seal.] JOHN F. FORT. Judge of. tlio County Court. (First publication Jan. 5, 1900.] Notice of Final Homestead Proof. Land Oilico at Bismarck, N. D., Dec. 30, 1899* Notico is hereby given that tlio following named settler has tiled notico of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Bcgistor and Receiver at Bismarck, N. D., on Feb. 10, 1900, viz.: CARL OSKAR L1ND, for the oV» of neH and olA of soU of sec. 10, in twp. 142 north, of range 18 wost, of tho 5tli principal meridian. Ho names tho following .witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz.: John Frcklund, Alban Hodstrom, C. Cristianson, Oskar Sundquist, all of Slaughtor, N' D" A. C. M'GILLIVRAY, Register. (First publication Jan. 12,1900.] Notice of Final Homestead Proof. Land Office at Bismarck, N. D., Jan. 8, 1900* Notice is hereby givon that the following named settler has filed notico of lior intention to make final proof in support of lior claim„und that said proof will bo made before register and receiver at Bismarck, N. D., on Fob. 17, 1900, viz: LEONARDA E. BARTRON (formerly Leonardo E Luyben). for tho so*4, section 8 in township 141 n, range 80 w, 5th P. M. Slio names the following witnesses to prove lier continuous residence upon und cultivation of said land, viz: Frank B. Simons, Willard A. Simons, Ivor Johnson, Wogansport, N. D. Gus W. Johnson, Painted Woods, N. D. railway A. C. MCGILLIVBAY, Register. [First publication Jan. 12,1899.] Notice of Final Homestead Proof. Land office at Bismarck, N. D., Jan. 8,1900. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notico of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim,, and that said proof will be made before tho register and recoiver at Bismarck, N. D., on Feb. 17, 1900, viz: PETER LUYBEN, for the neK of Sec. 8 in Twp. 141 north, of range 80 west, 5tli P. M. He namos tho following witnesses to provo his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: Frank R. Simons, Willard A Simons, Ivor Johnson, Wogansport, N. D. Gus. W. Johnson, Painted Woods, N. D. A. C. M'GILLIVRAY, Register. DROPOSALS FOR LUMBER. DOORS, WINDOWS, ETC., U. S. Indian service, Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates, N. D., Jan uary 12,1800. Scaled proposals, indorsed "Pro posals for Lumbor, Doors, Windows, Etc ," and addressed to the undersigned at Fort Yates, N. D., will bo received at this agency until 1 o'clock p. m., of Friday, February », 1900, for furnishing and delivering for this agency about 246,000 feet lumber, assorted 15,000 laths, 150, 000 shingles, 100 sets table legs, 350 cedar fence posts, 150 doors. 300 windows, glazed, and 60 barrels lime. Tho delivery to bo made on board freight wagonsit Braddock, N. IX, on the Soo or at Mandan, N. D„ on tho Northern Pacific railway. Bidders will stato clearly in their bids tho proposed price of each article, and also stato clearly tho point of dclivory. All articles offered for delivery under any contract will bo subject to a rigid inspection. The right is reserved to reject any and all bids, or any part of any bid, if deemed for tho host interests of the sorvico. Certified checks Each bid must be accompanied by a certified check or draft upon some United States depository or solvent national bank in the vicinity of tho rosidenco of the bidder, made puyablo to the orchr of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for at least five per cent of tho amount of tho pro posal, which chock or draft will bo forwaraed to the United States in case any bidder or bidders receiving an award shall fail to prompt ly execute a contract with good and sufficient sureties, otherwise to be returned to the bidder. Bids accompanied by cash in lieu of a certified check will not be* considered.. For any addi tional information apply to George H. Bingen heimer, U. S. Indian Agent. USEFUL SHEEP RACK. De*iened to Prevent Wiute 'Dnrlna Winter Feeding. In regard to this useful sheep rack, originally illustrated in the Michigan Parmer, the writer, who furnished the sketch, is quoted thus: From many years' experience I consider sheep of all the domestic animals the hardest to feed through the winter months with out waste. For many years 1 used the old fash ioned slat box rack that almost every farmer has seen. I found it objection- IMPROVED SHEEP RACK. [The wings A in this cut hang on hinges 71 and nay be tipped up and stand perpendicular on the outside of tlio rack. These wings arc made of two wide boards, the wider the better. Wo use the posts of 2 by 4 stuff on the outside of the rack, but they can be used cither out or in. D, baseboard, 9 incites wide K, top board, 0 inches wide: F, slats, about 3 inches wide G, space be tween and D, 12 to 14'inches 11, space be tween slats, 8 to 10 inchcs, as to size of sheep kept. A 12 foot rack will accommodate about 12 sheep on a side. I, bottom boards, placed entire ly in under and nailed securely to the bottom of the rack J, center bottom boards placed on top and lapping on to the other two, I, 1. This leaves a shoulder of one inch, against which the sheep can gnaw car corn or roots of any kind. The body of the rack should be two feet inside. The wings should meet within about six inchcs.] able on the ground both of waste and getting the chaff into the wool, so 1 constructed a patent or folding .rack. This worked very well for some time, but at last the sheep grew cunning, and if left open enough so they could reach it at all they would still pull the hay out and get it under their feet. The trouble with the patent rack is there is not enough manger room, so I conceiv ed the idea of combining the wings of the folding rack with the manger room of the old rack, as shown on the ac companying diagram. This proves so far to be a great success. The hay is simply thrown on top of the two large wings. Will Beea Freeze In Winter? Discussing the question "Will Bees Freeze In Winter?" in the light of last year's experiences, A. H. Duff has said in substance in Farm, Field and Fire side: Bees that are iu proper condition in the hives will not freeze, otherwise they will. If a colony of bees have ample stores of honey and tho honey so situated that they can partake of it as they need It, they will not freeze. Hungry bees will freeze, and losses largely occur from starvation. Bees starve with plenty of honey in the hive. This is true from the fact that during a loug spell of continued cold weather owing to the intense cold the cluster of bees in the hive is unable to expand In the least, to move sidewise but a few inches, to where the honey is located. Thus they starve and then freeze with plenty of food in sight. A good winter hive for bees is a long deep one that admits of all the surplus boney being stored directly above the bees, and a hive of this kind will win ter bees without freezing from the fact that the bees have access to the honey at all times, for the heat of the cluster naturally rising upward the bees can ascend with it and thus readily reach the honey directly above tbem. To remedy this defect of the modern hive, which is shallow, the chaff hive is brought into use. By thus placing heavy packing around the bees their natural beat is retained to such extent that only in very severe cold weather are they unable to reach their stores. Extracting Honey. The honey extractor is one of the principal sources of profit In connec tion with beekeeping, says an authori ty in The Farm, Field and Fireside. This machine extracts the liquid from the combs and leaves the comb as clear of injury as before taken from the hive. In the accompanying illustration A HONEY EXTRACTOR. the inside gearing is raised up and ex posed to view and shows two comb baskets, each to accommodate a frame of comb to be extracted, and by turn ing the crank the reel is turned wltb such velocity as to empty the entire comb of its contents by centrifugal force. The empty combs are then placed back In the hives of bees to again be filled. HOW MANY HOGS? That Depends t'pnn How Well tlio General Farmer I.ikea Them, How many hogs should be kept upon the farm?" is a question upc which Mr. J. M. Jamison expresses the following Ideas in The Prairie Farmer: A farm from which the money crop is principally hogs should improve year after year. If the hogs thrive, rich crops must be grown. Corn will do for a series of years if the old plan of hogging down is followed aud only the meat is taken from the land, but con tinued cropping with corn cannot be followed wlteu the crop is taken off the land. If the fertility of the land is kept up, the manure must be returned, and clover should be grown to keep the land In good condition. As the land im proves the farmer l'eels he must in crease his herd of swine, and directly the question of limitation comes up, for he knows that with increased num bers comes increased risk. One farmer may be able to raise more hogs than his neighbor because he gives them better care and has bet ter natural facilities, such as arrange ment of fields aud convenience and abundance of good water. There is a growing tendency to cut down the amount of fencing upon the farm, and this is all right, but it adds to the lim itations which surround hog raising, as it makes it necessary to keep large numbers together and different sizes and ages in the same field. By having several fields the liogs may be shifted around more, they can have cleaner feeding grounds at all times, and more care can be taken in assortiug as to size. The farmer himself has much to do with the number that can be handled. If he takes no pleasure in caring for swine, he will find that a very limited number will be sufficient for his farm. If the farmer enjoys the presence of swine on the farm aud takes pleasure In seeing them well fed, lie. will gener ally succeed with them. Then the on ly question he need consider is how many lie can handle aud keep them healthy. No farmer should have so many hogs but that lie can have new feeding grounds to put them on if there is danger from disease or so many that they cannot be shifted to different fields during the year. On an SO acre farm for nearly ten years we were able to send to market In two lots from 70 to 80 hogs each year. This was the product of five sows having two litters each per year. But when we undertook to double the number of brood sows and nearly dou ble the product of fatted animals we had trouble. The first year wo put on the market over 90 witli no loss worth considering. The second year when we wanted to put off 125 we got all our available pasture laud under the tramp of the hogs, and when disease came we had no opportunity to divide them and put them on new feeding or pasture land. We shall immediately go back to about the same number that we had the greatest success in handling. In stead of five sows, we will keep six or seven, as we have better shedding and other arrangements than we had when we kept five. We could doubtless car ry the greater number If we had more lots and spent more time feeding grain products, but this would increase the cost of the pork very much over that made from clover and grass. Timely and Paying Work. Many of our most destructive insects pass the winter either among matted prostrate grass, among fallen leaves or especially along osage hedges, lanes and fence corners. Wherever such places can be burned over in late fall, winter or early spring the effect will be to destroy many of these. Instead of having our annual clearing up in May, as many do who clear up their premises at all, the Ohio station ad vises that it be done during one of the seasons above mentioned, as by May many of the destructive insects have left their winter quarters and are be yond reach. Points About Ditching. In advising a correspondent as to the best shape for a large ditch The Coun try Gentleman says: The round bottom ditch, Fig. 1, would be far preferable to the square bottom, Fig. 2. The dia gram sent, showing a cross section of the ditch, is shown by the dotted lines. The proposed angles as outlined are too steep. They should be not less than 85 degrees from the perpendicular, and with this large flow of water an angle of 45 degrees might be better, since the sides of the ditch when they are wet PROPER SHAPE FOR A DITCH. are likely to cave in. It is therefore better economy to make the sides of the ditch fiattish than to have tbem steep, in which case they are likely to give great annoyance. Unless the fall Is considerable, so that the water would scour the ditch out at the bottom, such ditches would have to be cleaned fre quently. If for any reason it is thought beet to cut the ditch with a flat bottom, the general shape of it should coincide with the black lines and not with tbe dotted lines. BISMARCK WEEKLY TRIBUNE FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2. 1900. FOREST TREE PLANTING. An Effort to Promote It Aroon Farmer* and I.iMilownera. The division of forestry of the Cnit ad States department of agriculture through a recent circular offers prac tical and personal assistance to farm ers and others in establishing forest plantations, wood lots, shelter belts and wind breaks. Applications for the conditions of such assistance should be made to Gifford rincliot, forester, Washington, D. C. The design of this undertaking is to aid farmers and oth er landowners in the treeless region of the west and wherever it is desirable to establish forest plantation. In the very interesting explanatory circular, No 22, %Ir. I'iuchot touches upon vari ous aspects of forestry. Tree culture In regions formerly treeless, lie says, is dependent largely upon agriculture. Wherever largo areas of land have been brought under cultivation the growing of trees is yearly becoming more successful. Nearly every stato of the plains region has, among many failures, some admirable examples of plantations of INTERIOR OP MIXED PLANTATION. all ages, from 1 to 25 or more years, which have been in every way success ful. The success of these plantations, when compared with the more numer ous failures, proves the great need for practical experience, combined with wide and accurate knowledge, iu grow ing forest trees in the west. The forest plantation at the Agricul tural college, Brookings, S. D., of which an interior view is given in the first cut, illustrates what may be ac complished in a few years on the open prairies of that stato. This is a mixed plantation, 12 years old, of birch, black cherry, green ash and white elm. The second cut shows a typical view of a young forest plantation two years after planting. The plot on the left is a mixed planting of box elder, oak, white elm, green ash and black lo cust. The plot on the right is set to Russian mulberry, oak, white elm, black locust, honey locust, green ash and box elder. This plantation is at Logan, Utah. It is not reasonable to suppose that forest tree culture can be made a direct source of great financial profit iu the arid regions, but if it cannot bring in important sums it can save the farmer very considerable expenditures by sup plying material which he would other wise have to buy. The indirect value, too, of well established groves, wood lots, shelter belts and wind breaks in the protection which they afford is of the first importance. Such plantations, in addition to being of direct use for fuel, fence posts and material for many miscellaneous farm uses, are invalu able in providing protection for crops, orchards, stock and farm buildings. One of tbe most Important indirect services of forest plantations, and one rarely taken into consideration, is tbe increased market value of a well wood ed farm on the prairie lands of the west over one without timber. Conserv ative estimates made on the ground Indicate that the farms of eastern and central Kansas and Nebraska that have well developed plantations of for est trees upon them, either in the form of wood lots, shelter belts or wind breaks, are worth more per acre than farms without them. In nearly the whole of the broad prairie belt extending from the wood ed regions to longitude 100 degree* west and reaching from North Da kota to Texas trees may be grown with varying success. In the west ern border of the wooded area nearly all the species may be grown which are indigenous to the adjacent woodlands. Farther west tbe range In selection becomes more and more restricted until the western limit TYPICAL TWO-YEAR-OLD PLANTATION. of successful tree culture on nonirri* gated lands is reached. Many of tbe wornout farms in humid regions may be brought back to their original fertility by growing forest trees upon them for a series of years, and very many of them contain land better suited to the production of wood than to any other purpose. Such land should never have been cleared. It is fortunately trae that throughout the regions once woo&ed wornout farm lands will usually revert to their pre vious condition If protected from fire and stock. SCALDING VAT. A Convenient Device In Vac Many Veai'H. The accompanying cut illustrates a scakitng vat we have used for ten years, writes E. C. Dray iu The Na tional Stockman. It is a great im provement over the old method of Bcalding in a barrel. 1 will describe it so that any pcrsou can make and use one at a very small cost. The body of the vat is made of inch lum ber, poplar or oak, feet long, 2% feet wide and 14 inches deep ou the outside. The end boards are mortised one-half inch into the side boards, aud just inside of these one bolt is put across each end. The bottom is gal vanized sheet iron No. 20. It. is 8 feet long and 42 inches wide. One solid sheet should be used, which will cost about $1.75 or .$2. It should be nailed on with steel roofing nails. The iron extends up the sides inches. The BCAMII.NO VAT. ends are rounded, and the iron extends nearly to the top of vat at end. The handles are inches long. 3 inches wide and are just extensions of the sides. Two bands or iron are needed across 1:1iq bottom. These are fasten ed on the sides. Old wagon tires are used to good advantage. The vat is used at end of sled the same as the barrel is generally used. Two or three armfuls of wood will be all that is needed to scald six or eight hogs. A trench is dug 18 inches wide and 12 Inches deep under (lie vat the entire ble with tin length. An elbow aud joint of stove- the m:i nufaoturor. pipe are used at the end of the trench ter that average to carry the smoke and produce a seldom look into. draft. There are four hooks, two on each side 24 inches apart. Two chains are used to turn aud lift tho hogs out of the vat by hooking one end of each chain to the hooks on tlio side where tho sled Is placed. Four hooks are needed so you can set tho sled on ei ther side of the pan. Two men can handle tho largest hogs in this pan, and in one-half hour after yon start the fire under the pan you may begin scalding. You need not stop to heat the water, as you can replenish your lire under the pan and keep the wa ter hot as long as wanted. Not hav ing seen anything of this kind in any of the farm journals I submit this so that, those who wish to make the work of butchering much shorter may make and use one of these at a very small cost. Pure Bred Stock For ItrecdlnK. At present there is great demand for good cattle, and there seems to be a diversity of opinion as to what consti tutes good cattle, writes A. C. Sanford In The Breeder's Gazette. If we take a trip to auy of the state fairs, we there see a lot of very fat stock—in fact, some very much overdone, so that the flesh Is hard and bunchy. These are represented as breeding stock, and tbey are pleasing to the eye, and the country visitors exclaim: "What large, nice animals these are. I must have some of them." Of course if they purchase they pay a large price, and then they like to have folks say, "What fine cattle Mr. So and So has purchased." This all seems very nice, but auother problem soon arises. The cattle soon grow thinner when put on ordinary rations, aud the chances are that the stock soon looks common and often are worthless for breeding purposes. Now, the former owner of the stock demonstrated its early ma turity, feeding qualities, etc., which was right, but the buyer is greatly fooled if he thinks that show stock will keep in show condition all tbe while. It seems to me that the place to demonstrate the qualities of stock In tended for meat would be at a fat stock show and of dairy stock at the milk and butter test and at fairs where breeding stock Is exhibited in its nor mal condition, as it naturally is when taken from pasture or ranch without grain feeding. Let cows be shown with the greatest number of their produce, also sires with their get, and If under these conditions they make a good record then let them be classed as good stock. Barnum once said that people liked to be deceived, and it seems as if It were true, for my ex perience is that the fattest and lar gest stock are sold first and for the largest price, and often purchasers leave tbe best behind because they are thin in flesh and of course not so pleas ing to the eye. The cow that is a reg ular breeder is apt to be thin unless highly fed, and the same is true of other animals. It is not uncommon to. see a fine young thing beside Its moth er, and to me this demonstrates the value of the dam. Germany and American Meat. The department of agriculture is still Working on the problem of German re strictions on our export meats, says The Breeder's Gazette. It presents a case very difficult of solution, because tbe restrictions are allegedly rested on hygienic grounds, whereas there is ample reason to believe that a desire to protect the German producer lies at the bottom of the embargo. Notwith standing this, our government officials are determined to make out a good case for the purity and wholesomeness of our meats, and as one step in that plan It bas been decided to send to Germany a practical "working exhibit of our methods of meat inspection. In cluding tbe Instruments used in micro scopical examination of pork for trichinae. It Is believed that an ex hibit of this kind will carry some weight and may induce a modification of tbe severe restrictions now Imposed on our exprcts. 'WINTERING SHEEP InflneniA of rroilint I imiii I.nmbn anil Wool. 8 There are many ways to winter sheep, varying with tho age of the ani mals and what is expected from them.. To merely keep them through the win ter in what is called store condition is the way that many old farmers adopt, even with breeding ewes, says The American Cultivator. But such man agement does not pay. for the lambs, will show the effect of the poor keep ing. and many of them will die. The tleece will also be deteriorated, for whenever the animal is badly nourish ed it makes a weal place in the wool and lessens its value. All wool deal ers and manufacturers know that the wool from a dock of wethers is al ways presumably better than from a ram or a flock of ewes. Iu the ewes especially there is sure to be some fe ver during gestation, and this has a bad effect upon the wool that is being formed during this period. So long its the sheet) is free from fever there is a natural secretion of oil that keeps Mintitken la- skin and the fleece moist. Fever dries this up. making the skin dry and the' fleece harsh to the touch. Such wool cannot be easily comhcd and carded. More often the injury to wool is done by overfeeding animals that are being fattened. The sheep can digest even poor feed, keeping itself vigorous and its fleece healthy so long ns it gets sullicient in a mount and of the proper nutritive value. It needs plentiful sup plies of proteids to make the fleece grow properly. Unless these are given in some form there is sure to be troti tleece when it comes to Yet this is a mat wool buyers very Quite frequently in looking over a fleece there will tie found a streak running through it at about the same distance from the sur face that, will show hard and dry. while beneath the wool will be moist or rather oily, as good wool ought to. be. Sometimes tills will stop further growth. P.ut if the check was only temporary and quickly recovered from there will lie line threads of wool grow ing through the harsh portion and branching out into good wool at the surface. P.ut this no less than where the wool growth is entirely arrested makes a weak place when tho cloth is to l)e woven. There is not enough discrimination made in judging the quality of wool as brought to the market by farmers. Most of the buyers are not so good judges as the farmers themselves, who can tell when shearing a sheep many of the conditions under which different, parts of the fleece were grown. The manufacturer knows the effect which Is produced in the fleece, but he can only guess the cause. Ry putting to gether what the farmer knows and what the manufacturer finds in work ing up the fleece a great deal of valua ble information may lie secured how to keep sheep at all times and how to feed and manage them so as to secure the best fleeces. We knew many years ago a wealthy woolen manufacturer who was also a keeper of fine wooled sheep. He told us that it was his ex perience in working up wool from ani mals that he had himself kept that convinced him that to make the best woolen clothing the beginning must be made in feeding and caring for the flock, so as to produce suitable wool for the purpose. HOR Breeding. W. A. I-Iart of Portland. Ind., writes in the Indiana Farmer a strong protest against the practice of breeding sows too young, including both boars and sows. He does not like to breed a sow at to 8 months old. at which time It should weigh 200 to 250 pounds. If it weighs as much as this at these ages, it is too fat for breeding, and it is not often that a sow only 0 months old can be brought In heat. He advises wait ing until the sow is 14 mouths old. and he says by this time it will weigh 500 pounds and be well developed for breeding. But either boar or sow that is fed to make such a weight as this cannot be kept in condition for breed ing. He says himself that 200 pounds of the sow will be surplus fat. which will be worked off the sow ou the young pigs in her first litter. We should much rather expect that it would kill the sow and her litter when the time for farrowing comes. The chief trouble with breeding sows is to keep them from becoming too fat while bearing their young. After tbe litter is dropped and danger from fever has passed the sow should be fed liber ally of milk formiug rather than fat making food. All that she eats will tben go to the benefit of her young. Trae Farming Spirit. The true spirit of farming, says Pro fessor Shaw, lies rather in growing products on the farm and in turning them to the best possible account than In trafficking in produce. Unfortunate ly this spirit is all too prevalent in the west. It is rooted in the desire to jump into wealth rather than to grow Into It. The man who grows nearly all corn, who buys cattle, sheep or swine, who literally shovels his corn Into them, leaving the greater portion of liis cornstalks in the field, may get rich by so doing if a shrewd dealer, but he Is not the man who does the most to en rich his country. The farmer who goes out into a neighborhood and buys a lot of lambs from different neighbors to feed may make good money, but he does so at the expense of the dozen, men who sold to him. If every farmer grew his own stock and finished It In good form, the country would be vast ly richer than it is today, and so also would tbe average farmer be.