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nv m. it. .n:wKLi. TIIK DAILY TRIBUNE. Published every nfternoon. except Sun day, at Bismarck, North Dakota, Is deliv ered by carrier to all parts of the city at BO cents per month, or $(! per year. The dally sent to any address In the United States and Can:ida. postage prepaid, !?»', per year $3 for six months $1.50 for three months. THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. Eltfht panes, containing a summary of the news of the week—local and foreign particular attention being paid to state new.". Sent to any address, postage paid, for $1. for one year V) cents for six months ""i cents for three months. The Bismarck Tribune is the oldest news paper In the state—established June 11, 187 !. It has a wide circulation and Is a desirable advertising medium. Kelng pub lished at the capital of the state It makes a. feature of state news, of a semi-ofllclal character, and Is therefore particularly In teresting to all who desire to keep the run of state affairs—political, social and bus iness. 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Bock wlth, Tribune Building, New York City. This paper is on file with the BANNING ADVERTISING CO., Kwlicott St. Pw.ul, Minn., where subscribers, advertisers and others may exnminc it am! where estimates will be given upon space tor GENERAL ADVERTISING* The Tribune has made arrange ments whereby jt can furnish the Bis marck Weekly Tribune one year, the Orange Judd Farmer one year and the famous American Agriculturist Year Book—over 500 pages of "meat for farmers"—all prepaid for $1.35. This (s a remarkable offer but If more is wanted the New York Weekly Tribune will be added to the combination—all four for 91.05. Or If the most com plete combination ever offered is wanted the Chicago Weekly Inter Ocean will be added—all the above for ".Many persons have been receiving sample copies of I lie Bismarck Weekly Tribune during the past few weeks who are not regular subscribers. No charge lias been made, of course. Those who waut up-to-date news should subscribe for the Bismarck Weekly Tribune. We also offer extra ordinary clubbing rates—see item above. Send in your orders now. All who subscribe now will receive the paper till .Tau. 1, 1901. THE DEATH OF LAWTON. The transport with the remains of '.eiu'ral Luwtou has arrived at San Francisco, and for the lirst time came the fuller accounts of his death. One of the most touching accounts comes from the pen of the St. Louis C!lobe-Democrat correspondent, who says: When all was ready and all the light was upon us which the sun could give through such a wall of rain clouds, the idol started the ceremony by stepping out of cover into the bare, low marsh opposite the town. The meu formed with veteran silence and prvcisiou in the lialf-inundated open, and the coolies made maudlin noises back where the horses were. The advance commenced. And now from behind the trenches and low stone walls across the river came noisy acknowledgments of till these things. "For (iod's sake, keep a little under cover, sir! We can't spare you!-' It was Lieut. Brcckenridge, chief of staff, who spoke, and lie was talking to the idol. But that Deity of the regular army man continued to walk up and down in his great yellow slicker and helmet with both eyes on the game •which his whole brain was directing. Please, sir. take oil' those target clothes. They have eyes for no one but you.'' And, indeed, this seemed to be true. A swarm, twangling an incisive, ill-bod ing song, was in the very ears of the idol. But his heart was deep in the game. There was a clean-cut gash on one of the sleeves of the oilskin which Lieut. Breckenridge saw later. "You've been hit, sir. There are sharp shooters across the stream." Not many moments afterward this lieutenant, who would have treasured so carefully the life of his general, felt the cruel speed of a Mauser as it passed through lirst his arm, then his body. The idol turned, saw, and approached the fallen man. He was very fond of the young fellow, but he did not reach him. The orderly who was nearest said that General Lawton muttered something about being shot in the chest. When he reached his side his teeth and lips were relaxing from his last light— which was lost. For a moment men stood still. They were stricken with the immensity, the monstrosity. They could not under stand. This idol of their's had been in such places a hundred times before, and grown gray in full flesh. It did not seem as if he who had stood up under the fire of real men. and lived, that he should drop from the bullet of an insignificant Tagal. But he was lying there! And as they began to realize that this great man, who would listen to the plaint of a private as readily as he would to the worries of a brigadier, and reprimand one as quickly as the other: who re garded it a recreation to be under fire, and was always with his men in trying times who understood every screw and cog in the great military machine, be cause he served from private up who was heart, body and brain a soldier— that he, their idol, was lying there still and voiceless in the rain well, the devil waa to pay with the niggers across the drink. Capt. Einnon, a splendid Southern man, shouted some very bad words, which God will forgive in the stress of the moment, awakened the men from their stupor of grief and charged into the river. While a living male thing was running within Krag range there was noise. After that the men from the states were left alone in the town—alone with their now sadness, and the body of their idol, for it had been borne across the river. At two o'clock the next morning the wornout cavalrymen of the 4th, who had just come in from a two months' hike in the mountains, were awakened and or dered to set out on a mission of great honor. They had been chosen to escort the body of the general back to Manila. At midnight of the same day the shock reached division headquarters. After the shock came a silence. Then some one saicj: "Mrs. Lawton must be told at once." Ah, this was the hard part. Word was sent at once to Col. Edwards, who was then acting division adjutant general. Mr. Pritchard, the civilian secretary to tlie general, went to prepare the news, which the colonel was to complete upon his arrival. He rang the bell at the door of the general's mansion on San Miguel. A servant resonded. "Tell Mrs. Lawton," stiid Mr. Prichard, "that Col. Edwards will be here iu a few moments with very bad news." He was about to depart when a wo man's voice called from the head of the stairway: "Wait a moment! Wait a moment!" This secretary was forced to enter the parlor and endure the bitterest ordeal of iiis life. Mrs. Lawton was fully dressed. "Tell me, tell me," she cried, "it is about the general, I know." Is he killed or wounded?" The boys waited back in the division headquarters for Prichard to return. They were anxious, because what was dear to their idol was dear to them, and they feared for the woman and mother of his children. Ihis is what Pritchard said when he returned to them: "She took it like a queen." Such is the storv of the second taking of San Mateo, on the banks of the Mar aq ina. The ltli cavalry took the town on August 12, last, and went on. Such is the story of the last fight of a splendid lighter—the idol of the regular army man. THE FARMER AND SUGAR. Herbert Myrick, editor of the Orange Judd Fanner, and chairman of the League of American Producers, has written an open letter to Senator Nelson of Minnesota, who is a member of the senate committee on Puerto Rico. Mr. Myrick takes a stand against the pro posed free introduction^ Puerto Rican products to the United States and cites figures to show that in the three years in which we had practical free trade with Puerto Rico the average increase in wheat flour exported to Puerto Rico was only 40,000 barrels a year. Under the most favorable free trade conditions the three years' experience demonstrates that Puerto Rico's import trade from the United States increased only about 50 cents per capita for its million popula tion, of which increase 40 cents was for American farm products, including only 15 cents for breadstuff's of all kinds. Mr. Myrick then goes on to say: Now turn to the northwest -Minnesota, with its population of 1,800,000 Wiscon sin, 2,1518,000 North Dakota, 2:35,000, and South Dakota, :$80,000. The per capita consumption of sugar in the Unit ed States is nearly seventy pounds an nually, but at only sixty* pounds each tiiese people in the northwest consume nearly 1157,000 tons of refined granluated sugar per annum. At a wholesale price of four cents a pound, your people of the northwest consume practically 811,000, 000 worth of sugar. This is more than twenty-live times Puerto Rico's increased consumption of all American farm prod ucts under free trade, and almost one hundred times as much as her increased consumption of wheat flour. Now. I contend that it is a far better proposi tion for northwestern agriculture to pro duce this 610,000,000 or 812,000,000 worth of sugar within its own borders than to kill the beet sugar industry by chasing after the pitifully small breadstuff's trade of Puerto Rico. Or, if we include Cuba with Puerto Rico, you will see that tiie northwest consumes more than twice as much sugar in value as the two islands increased their total consumption of American farm products. To produce the sugar your northwest consumes would require the production of nearly 1,500,000 tons of sugar beets, es timating each ton of beets to yield 200 pounds of refined granulated sugar. At SI per ton, your farmers in the north west would receive nearly SO,000,000 an nually for this new and "profitable crop, and as much more would be paid for labor, supplies and profits on capital in vested. You would thus keep at home among your own peopls the 811,000,000 or 812,000,000 now sent away from your section each year to pay for the sugar your people consume. Not only that but the beet pulp or by-product from the sugar factories, being a most valu able feed for all animals, and especially for cows, would greatly promote the dairy interests of the northwest. To work up these beets and produce the sugar tliat your northwestern people now import would require at least forty five factories of an average capacity of three hundred tons of beets per twenty four hours for one hundred days. Each factory would represent an investment of from $250,000 to 8:350,(XX), or, at an average of §300,000, would require a total investment of §13,500,000, In other words, the money your people of the northwest pay away each year for their sugar would in a single year pay for all the factories needed to work up enough beets to furnish this sugar. Now, as a man intimately familiar with the west and northwest arid whose early life was spent in the Centennial state I am profoundly convinced that it is far wiser to thus foster the production right here at home of this great staple of con sumption than to foster its production in Puerto Rico, Cuba or the Philippines. Even after paying the existing duties cane sugar sold on the New York mar ket yields the Puerto Rico planter 830 to $42 net profit an acre over and above all possible expenses. This is as much or even larger profit than our northwest ern farmers could make on sugar beets, because they pay good wages and board, while the Puerto Rican peon is glad to work for from 10 cents to 30 cents a day, and lives on 5 cents a day. Remove the present tariff and 8100 to 8135 an acre is added to the Puerto Rican's profits, while at the same time nipping in the bud this promising beet industry of the northwest. You know as well as tho writer that it is this fear of tropical free trade, of which you would make Puerto Rico the precedent, that causes capital to hesitate to embark in tho beet sugar industry, but if you and your party that dominate the present congress will etn phatically declare that tho American farmer is to continue to be protected against free trade competition, then cap ital will flow into the beet sugar indus try to the great development and pros perity of the northwest and of the wholo country. I have said nothing of the enormous benefit that would accrue to tho north west by paying to its farmers, laborers and investors the constantly increasing sums now sent away to pay for the sugar it consumes. It would add $2 to S2.50 per capita annually to the wealth or consuming power of your nearly 5,000, 000 people in the northwest, compared to the increase of only 50 cents per head to the 1,000,000 Puerto Ricans. WHAT SOUTH DAKOTA THINKS OF PETTIGREW. Iu view of the rabid attacks of Senator Pettigrew on the national administra tion, and his courso in lauding Aguiu aldo to the skies as a patriot and a hero, tho Chicago Tribune has secured ex pressions from its South Dakota corrcs spondents as to the estimation in which his courso is held by South Dakotans. Some of these expressions follow. From llot Springs: This community is unreservedly op posed to the sentiments and utterances of Senator Pettigrew in upholding Aguinaldo and the Filipinos as against the administration. From Yankton comes the following: "Senator Pettigrew is^generally looked on as a disgrace to the state," remarked a citizen who has lately traveled over the state and met and talked with peo ple in all lines of business. Tho papers of both parties are denouncing and ridi culing the senator. Mitchell says: His attack upon the administration is deeply deplored, aud, taken altogether, his course is severely condemned by the great majority. Aberdeen sends the following: The people of this part of South Da kota regard Senator Pettigrew's course with shame and mortification and none entertain this feeling more keenly than the volunteers of the First regiment who did such gallant service in the Phillipines Vermillion says: With the exception of a few radical populists the people of Clay county look at Senator Pettigrew as a man who is facing inevitable downfall, and, knowing it, has given his spitefulness full sway, in hope that he can injure tho republi can party. From Pierre: Only the most radical populists in dorse Senator Pettigrew's utterances. The republicans are disgusted with his pretense of representing the state. Senator Peitigrew, when he comes to deal with tlie people of South Dakota at the next senatorial election will learn whether or not South Dakota desires to lie represented in the senate as it has been for the yast few years. The New York Tribune Almanac for 1900 preserves the record for accuracy, which this excellent work has always enjoyed. Making no haste to get out on the mailcet first, aud thus avoiding the errors and omissions of some other alma nacs, the Tribune has nevertheless put forth its almanac for 1900 promptly, and has given the public a document on which people can rely. A useful feature, besides all the political, financial, and other statistics of the year just past, is found iu the reviews of the Wars in the Transvaal and the Philippines, the Peace Treaty, the Army Beef scandal, the Saiuoan troubles, the Alaskan boundary matter, the Venezuelan arbitration, the Mazet Committee investigation in New York City, and other historical matters. Not the least of the almanac's attrac tions, by the way, is the picture, on the front cover, of the beautiful Dewey Arch. Among the lists of names will be found those of the executive officers of the United States and the state governments (a valuable and much commended fea ture) Congress Consuls and American Ministers Foreign Ministers in the United States U. S. Judges and Dist rict Attorneys Superintendents of Pub lic Instruction presidents of colleges heads of patriotic societies, etc. The marvelous prosperity which tho Northern Pacific continues to enjoy un der the management of President Melleu is shown in the detailed statement for December and for the past six months ing December 31. The showing is the more remarkable in view of the fact that the road has been obliged to depend on regular business alone. It has not yet moved the large wheat crop of last year, many millions of bushels being now •stored along the system which will be transported during the coming spring months. The Great Northern has al ready benefited from its wheat freights, but with that factor to swell its earnings the Northern Pacific appears to have outstripped it. The bill introduced in congress last week for the support of the national guard appropriates 82,000,000 annually for the support of tho national guard. In respects the bill is identical with that under which the guard now receives each year $400,000. No cash is transferred. The guard apportioned as among the congressional districts ob tains in military supplies of any sort de sired the equivalent of each state's share of. the annual appropriation. General W. D. Washburn is not a Boer sympathizer. In a recent interview at Minneapolis he said: "It is very great disapointment, and I might say sorrow BISMARCK WEEKLY TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9. 1900. that I read of repeated reverses to the British arms in South Africa. I cannot understand how any grateful American can feel other than friendly toward a power that represents so much progress as Great Britain. It seems to me Ameri cans should net forget the very friendly attitude taken by that power during our troubles with Spain. We should do as our president and his officers are doing, remain absolutely neutral so far as our public acts and expressions are concerned I can understand how easy it is, as a matter of sentiment and sympathy, to feel for the nnder dog in thissad conflict, but it resolves itself into something more stupendous than a local war. Our trem endous commcrcial relations with Great Beitain makes that nation's condition and future matters of vital importance to the American people. We aro not looking for an actual offensive and de fensive alliance with Great Britain, but it is reason to look for the most harmo nious action between these two English speaking governments when it comes to determining great questions in the far east. The United States and Great Britain will have to stand together if theopen door is to prevail in China and if that great empire is to be kept in tact." Henry Clews, in discussing the South African situation, reaches a conclusion that forces itself upon thoughtful men everywhere when he says: The British army seems to lack gener alship adapted to grapple with the Boers and their mountain region fortified po sitions, which appear to bo almost im pregnable. The Boers have shown them selves to be bold and lierce fighters, good rifle shooters, and to possess lots of en durance, besides which they have not failed to take advantage of the interval between the .Jameson raid and the pres| ent period to prepare for the emergency whereas, the British up to the commence ment of tiie war simply did nothing in preparation for it, hence their present disadvantage and apparent lack of strat egical generalship. Of course there can be no doubt of the result in the end, be cause the British have tho money, they have the men, and tliey have the pluck too but it docs appear to me that the generals are not quito up to tho mark. What the British will have to do, I am inclined to think, to keep their army abreast of the times will be to take their leaders from tho ranks and let merit have full scope. People of noble birth are not calculated to make the best com manders on the battlefield. A major general's rank should be obtained by valor and merit only and should be left open to anybody to climb up to. Then a man's full capacity becomes fully devel oped. It was so with Napoleon Bona parte, Marlborough, Von Moltkc and Grant, who rank, in my opinion, as the greatest generals that ever lived. A favorable report will be mado to congress on the free homestead bill, which provides among other things that "all settlers under the homestead laws upon public lands acquired prior to the passage of the act by treaty or agree ment from various Indian tribes, and who have resided upon such lauds in good faith for the period required by law shall be entitled to patent therefor upon payment to the local land offices of the usual and customary fees, and no other or further charge shall be required from such settler to entitle him to patent for ljind covered by his entry." There is a proviso that settlers may commute their entries in accordance with the home stead law, and also that all sums released which if not released would belong to any Indian tribe shall bo paid to tho Indians by the United States, und also that if the proceeds of the annual sales of public lauds shall not be sufficient to meet the payments already provided for agricultural colleges and experimental stations the deficiency is to be paid by the United States. Editor Shiels, of Edgeley, now mag netic healer at Fargo, finds that even skill at hearing has its drawbacks. A Washington dispatch says: The filing with Congressman Spald ing last week of a petition praying for the removal of Chester H. Shiels from his position as postmaster at Edgeley, LaMoure county, and the appointment in his stead of Charles H. Gunthrop, is the initial step to what promises to de velop into an acrimonious political fight of considerable local importance. In Juno of last year Mr. Shiels went to Missouri,ostensibly to work up immigra tion sentiment, but really for tho purposo of taking a course of study in magnetic healing at the Weltmer institute in that state. Some two or three months ago he removed from Edgeley to Fargo, where he launched into the practice of the healing art. The postofBce was left in charge of his newspaper partner, T. M. Hancock. The latter is a democrat and for that and other reasons is said to be persona non grata to the patrons of the office. Governor Thomas of Colorado is giv ing some attention to a bill similar to the one presented in the North Dakota legislature by Senator Creel placing the granting of marriage licenses in the hands of a board of medical examiners. The governor looks favorably upon the measure, which was prepared by a per sonal friend, and is expected to embody its salient points in his message to the assembly. In brief, the bill provides for a hoard of medical examiners in each county to consist of three physicians, no two to come of the same school, and where possible the board is to have one or more female members. The board shall have power to examine all persons seeking to marry, and refuse permission to all who are not mentally and physi cally equipped to enter the marriage state. In.its favorable report on the Hans brough bill to grant 30,000 acres of land HARVEY HARRIS J. P. JACKSON jj Harvey Harris & Co. jj Sales Solicitors of Northern Pacific Railway Lands farm land, hay lands, grazing lands from 81.50 to 83.50 per acre on five or ten years time with interest at 6 per cent. BISriARCK, NORTH DAKOTA. blV 'T1"-'1 of Your committee does not deem it ne cessary to expatiate on the necessity of the encouragement of schools of forestry and the advantages to be derived from the proper knowledge of tree culture in which the proper planting and cultiva tion of trees means so much to the de velopment of the country. Much has been done by the division of forestry, in tho agricultural department, and still more can be done by the encouragement of institutions such as that located at Bottineau. The meeting of representatives of the four counties interested in the opening of the Fort Totten reservation passed the following resolutions: Whereas, North Dakota is universally recognized as the bread basket of the world, and Whereas, she has become famous for her Number 1 hard and other grades of wheat and other cereals, and Whereas, there are on the Fort Totten Indian reservation more than 200,000 acres of valuablo agricultural land un allotted which are at present lying idle and of no use and benefit to anyone whatever, and therefore be it Resolved, by the representatives of Ramsey, Benson, Nelson and Eddy counties, in mass convention assembled at Devils Lake, North Dakota that it is the sense of the convention that the Fort Totten Indian reservation be thrown open to public settlement as a whole, and that congress immediately take steps to treat with the Indians now occupying said reservation to this end. Resolved, further, that pending the above treaty for the throwing open of said Indian reservation as a whole, that we do hereby petition the national con gress of the United States, now assem bled, to throw open to settlement what ever land now remains unallotted Sheridan House Having re-lonsed tho Sheridan Houso for it term of years, it is my desiro to inako tho old Sheridan an up-to-date hotel. The sani tiirj condition lias been overhauled at a frreat expense, and is M?—? lloull,'11I(!ho Steam Heat in Every Room, Electric Lights, Electric Bells, 100 LargeSleeping Rooms, Large Sample Rooms. Large Lobby. in tho best, possible con- w,yMn? r"™!)lulu1 refurnished with iron throughout, with box spring, .|0-lb. assAetthcmattresseshair STBICTl/ir FIREFltOOF. E. Q. PATTERSON, Proprietor. in North Dakota for the support of a school of forestry the senate committee on public lands gives a short and interjj esting history of the public land grants of the northwest and tells why tho bill ought to become a law. The report also includes the memorial to congress from the North Dakota legislature. Hero is the most important section from the re port: By the act to admit North Dakota into the union there were granted to the state, in addition to other lands, 170,000 acrcs for educational aud charitable pur poses other than therein named. These lands, by a provision in tho constitution of North Dakota, were divided as follows: Twenty thousand acres to the hospital for the insane, -10,000 acrcs for tho soldiers' home, 30,000 acrcs for a blind asylum, 40,000 acres for an industrial school of manual traiuing and 40,000 acres for a scientific school. This exhausted the grant and left nothing for the school of forestry, which was to be located at Bot tineau. PILLSBURY'S CHESS Famous American Player Appears at Grand Forks. II. N. Pillsbury, the famous American chess player, was the guest of the Whist Club at Grand Forks. During the after noon Mr. Pillsbury played 22 games 11 of chess and 11 of checkers, with the best players in the city and a few out of town, the games going on simultaneously. He defeated all tho chess players with tho exception of J. E. Lewis, in which the game was drawn, and he also defeated all the checker players with the exception of C. J. Ilurd, who succeeded in forcing a draw also. During the afternoon only gentlemen were present but at the evening session there was quito a sprinkling of ladies. Before the play started Mr. Pillsbury gave several exhibitions of his remarkable power to memorize, one consisting of having six persons present write a list of five names numbering each name. These names with their respective number were read to Mr. Pillsbury once, after which any person giving tlie number of a name, he would promptly give the name following it or, the name being given he would as promptly give the number. He conclud ed by repeating rapidly, tho entire list of names forward and backward, with their respective numbers. Tho balance of the evening's exhibition consisted of a game of whist, and a simultaneous play of six games each of checkers and chess. In the checker and chess games Mr. Pillsbury never once saw the boards and scarcely hesitated in his whist play to announce what his moves were. He carried the entire twelve games in his head, without apparently any effort, and without interfering in the least with his whist playing. nANY 011 The New York Tribune observes: Amid all the tumult and the shouting about "American sympathy with the Boer republics" it is well to listen to one clear, sune voice, the voice of an earnest friend of the Boers and probably the most weighty and effective critic of the con duct of the British Government. "Nei ther the 'principles of 1789' nor those of the "Declaration of Independence find re cognition "among the Boers." That is the testimony of Mr. James Bryce, than whom the friends of the Transvaal pro fess to know no better authority. That Kentuckian who was captured with only five revolvers on his person was in poor condition for self-defense. The true Kentuckian should never go about so lightly armed. The true Kentuckian salutes the lady with his hand on his heart and the gen tleman with his hand on his hip.- General Buller, having crossed the Tagula river in three places, ought to be thoroughly across. A LOVER Has turned with disgust from an otherwise lovable girl with an ofifen sne breath. Karl's Clover Root Tea C'hnt, V® l,reath action on sill Z- as ,nothiuS else will. (-nl's on said Fort Totten Indian reservation and be it further Resolved, that our representatives in said congress be requested to do all in their power to bring about this much desired end. absolute guarantee 1 rice 2o cents, 50 cents and $1.00. E. b. Jaeardsley, Druggist, Fourth St. GERMAN. Pleasant Social Event by Miss Wake- man's Dancing Class at Baker Hall. The German by Miss Wakeman's danc ing class at Baker hall Friday night was an interesting and pleasant social event. Sixteen couples participated in the fig ures, led by Mr. Cecil Taylor and Miss 1 oley. Eight figures were danced, some of them very prettily executed and novel in their conception. The last figure was particularly novel, a good night figure, in which the young ladies with lighted candles stood on chairs, each with a nightcap, and the young gentlemen en tered the hall and blew out the candles of the young ladies with whom they wished to dance. The favors were novel and numerous, Mesdames Stevens, Ku pitz, Taylor and Dietrich presiding at the favor tables. The hall was very neatly decorated with convergent festoons of brightly colored designs in paper, Japanese lan terns and patriotic colors. Aside from those participating in the German there was a large number who witnessed the figures and took part in the general dance upon its conclusion. Miss Wakeman is to be congratulated for her successful conduct of the event which was enjoyable for all who attended!