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By JIT. if. JEWELL. THE DAILY TRIBUNE. Published every afternoon, except Sun day. at Bismarck, North Dakota, Is deliv ers! by carrier to all parts of the city at DO cents per month, or ?6 per year. The daily sent to any address In the United States and Canada, postage prepaid, $0 per year $3 for six months $1.50 for three months. THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. Eight pages, containing a summary of the news of the week—local and foreign particular attention being paid to state news. Sent to any address, postage paid, for $1.00 for one year 50 cents for six months 2 cents for three months. The Bismarck Tribune Is the oldest news paper In the state—established June 11, 1873. It has a wide circulation and Is a desirable advertising medium. Being pub lished at the capital of the state it makes a feature of state news, of a semi-official character, and Is therefore particularly In teresting to all who desire to keep the run of state affairs—political, social and bus iness. The Tribune will be found on file at the following plaaes: Congressional Library, Washington, D. C. Lord & Thomas, Adv. agents, Trude Building, New York J. Walter Thompson, Adv. agent. New York and Chicago Geo. P. Rowell & Co., Adv. agents, New York: National Advertising Co., Adv. agents. New York PettlngiU & Co., New York and Boston Nelson, Ches man & Co., St. Louis Remington Bros., New York W. W. Sharp & Co., New York L. D. Morse Advertising Agency, New York N. W. Ayer & Son, Philadelphia Golden Gate Advertising Co., San Francisco Dauchy & Co., New York S. C. Wells Advertising Agency, LeRoy, N. Y. Ster ling Remedy Co., Indiana Mineral Springs Swift Specific Co., Atlanta, Ga. Chamber lain Medicine Co., DesMolnes, la. The Hos tetler Co., Pittsburg, Pa. Parvin & Doughtv Co., Cincinnati, Ohio C. I. Hood & Co.. Lowell, Mass. The Centaur Adver tising Co., 77 Murray street, N. Y. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass. H. E. Bucklen, Advertising Co., Chicago, 111. S. C. Beck wlth, Tribune Building, New York City. This paper is on file with the BANNING ADVERTISING CO., Endicott Building, St. Paul, Minn., where subscribers, advertisers and others may examine it and where estimates will be given upon space for GENERAL ADVERTISING. The Tribune has made arrange ments whereby it can furnish the Bis marck Weekly Trlbun^ one year, the Orange Judd Farmer one year and the famous American Agriculturist Year Book—over 600 pages of "meat for farmers"—all prepaid for $1.85. This is a remarkable offer but If more is wanted the New York Weekly Tribune will be added to the combination—all four for $1.65. Or If the most com plete combination ever offered is wanted the Chicago Weekly Inter Ocean will be added—all the above for $2. WORKINGS OP FINANCIAL LAW. The chairman of the committee on banking and currency, Mr. Brosius of Pennsylvania, does not overstate the case when he says the new financial law has more than met the most san gtiine expectations and that "the re funding provisions of the law are working out an achievement in finance without a parallel in the history of the world," says the St. Louis Globe Democrat. A fresh triumph has been added to the record of the republican party. Up to Aiay the treasury re funded $200,000,001) of 3^4 and 5 per cent bonds maturing between the years l!t04 and 1008, replacing them with *2 per cents. After deducting the prem ium paid the net saving effected is Su, Cti-l.-tri-l. This transaction not only uses a part of the surplus to advan tage, but demonstrates that the credit of the United States government is the highest in the world, for its 2 per cent bonds are at a premium. A clear sav ing of over i.ooo.oi io by an operation that also advances public credit to its highest notch is a notable occurrence in national finance. Under the new law national banks may be established with less than s?."t»,U00 capital, a decided broadening out of the system. There is scarcely a town in the country that can not afford to start a bank if the field ex ists to make it profitable. Within six weeks after the passage of the law no less than 800 applications to start new bunks were filed with the Comp troller of the currency. Of the num ber approved 194 banks have a capital of less than $50,000 and 42 of $50,000 or over. Since the passage of the new law the consequent increase of the bond-secured money in circulation, up to May 1, exceeded $20,000,000. This same law clinches the gold standard and breaks the enuiess chain. Its practical working is a splendid vindi cation of the wisdom and soundness of republican financial ideas. CENSUS QUESTIONS. The blank schedules to be used in the next census are now being dis tributed by the census office to the enumerators, who will start to work on June 1. Tho schedules contain questions which some persons may think prying, purposeless, or excessive in number. But their number and character have been determined by congress, not by the census, office, and all of them have- been asked in pre vious censuses. The only important change since 1800 is that some ques tions have been abandoned. People are often offended at the question, "How old are you?" and are apt to wonder what use the govern ment can make of their replies. Taken as a whole the replies are as import ant as any information the census office collects. Age returns penetrate and elucidate every other branch of statistical knowledge. They show where child labor is prevalent, and where the proportion of persons able to support themselves is large or 'small. They reveal the great num ber of colored children and the short life of the negroes under present con ditions. They make it possible to as certain whether the average length of life is increasing or decreasing, how many men the nation contains who are capable of voting or of bearing arms, and whether the relative num ber of children is increasing or de creasing. In Mohammedan or semi-civilized countries like India householders are often unwilling to answer the question regarding the sex of persons in the house, but in civilized countries where the sexes are regarded as on an equal ity, such unwillingness does not ap pear. The answers to the questions show that in nearly all cities the fe males outnumber the males and that the same is true of most of the states along the Atlantic coast. The belief is widespread that taking the world in general there are more females alive at any given time than males, and that if it were not for immigration there would be more females in the United States than males. But census statis tics show that we can not explain the great excess of males (over one and a half million) in the United States by immigration alone, for when the foreign-born are *eit out of account, there are still above (0,000 more males than females. Few would dispute the necessity for asking questions regarding race. All arguments regarding the future of any particular race in this country, like the Indian, the negro, or the China man, must hinge upon the returns in the census. With the Indians, more over, it is of the highest importance to learn what success me policy of the government has met with in. establish ing them apart from their tribes and reservations, and whether such In dians are increasing or decreasing. Some mothers may shrink from stat ing the number of children they have had and the number who are living. But from the answers to these ques tions, the country will learn whether the native American population is holding its own, or whether, as some have claimed, it is being gradually sup planted and displaced by the children of recent immigrants. In the light of such explanations, and only a few of the most important questions have been touched upon, it may perhaps be clear to the public that no question has been ordered by congress, or has been asked by the census office which, if properly and correstly answered, will not lead to suggestive inferences regarding the American people and their work. TRADE AND EXPANSION. The immense advantage to a pro ducing country like the United States of having colonial markets is evidenced by the remarkable increase in the trade of this country with Hawaii since the annexation of the Hawaiian, islands. Senator Lodge presents this matter in a concise comparative state ment which shows the great advantage to the United States. Senator Lodge says: "One reason why. is because I have watched the great growth of our com merce with the Hawaiian islands. Five years ago, in IS!)..,, cue total Hawaiian trade with the United States amounted to only $11,500,000. Last year it reached $33,500,000, having increased almost three-fold within five years, and the most of this increase has oc curred within the past eighteen months or so. "We may not think that a business of $33,500,000 amounts to very much wnen our foreign trade is now running up into the billions, but compare our trade with the Hawaiian islands, with their handful of people, with some of the larger countries of the world, and it gives a better idea of the value of' colonies to the United States which ship their products to us and buy their food, provisions and clot-.mg from this country. "Let us begin with Europe. Our trade with the Hawaiian islands is over 150 per cent larger than our total trade with Austria-Hungary. It is per cent larger than our trade with Denmark. It is 00 per cent as large as our total trade with Italy. It is nearly four times as large as our trade with Portugal. It is over 150 per cent greater than our total trade with Rus sia. It 's almost double our trade with Spain. It is 125 per cent greater than our trade with Sweden and Nor way combined. It is more than double our trade with Switzerland. It is ten times as large as our trade with Tur key. It is nearly thirty times larger than our trade with Greece. These comparisons are with the thickly peo pled countries of Europe. Now we will take the American continent. Hawaiian trade with the United States is equal to 30 per cent of our trade with the whole Dominion of Canada. It is nearly 150 per cent greater than our trade with all the Central Ameri can states. It is 60 per cent as large as our trade with Mexico. It is 50 per cent larger than our trade with all the British West Indies. It is nearly five times as large as our trade with Puerto Rico. It is three times as large as our trade with the Danish, Dutch and French West Indies, with Hayti and Santo Domingo included. It Is almost twice as large as our trade BISMARCK WEEKLY TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, JUNE 1 1900. with Argentina. It is almost half as large as our trade with Brazil, whence we import most of our coffee. It is nearly 400 per cent larger than our trade with Chili. It is nearyl 400 per cent larger than our trade with the United States of Columbia. It is nearly fifteen times larger than our trade with Ecuador. It is more than six times larger than our trade with British, Dutch and French Guiana. It is ten times larger than our trade with Peru, it is ten times larger than our trade with Uraguay. It is more than five times larger than our trade with Venezuela. "Now let us make some comparison with countries across the Pacific, and we find that our trade with Hawaii is within .$0,000,000 of being as large as our trade with the empire of China. It is more than three times as large as our trade with Hongkong. It is nearly half as large as our total trade with the British, Dutch and French East Indies, which send us such large supplies of sugar. It is equal to 05 per cent of our total trade with Japan. It is more than five times larger than our last year's trade with the* Philip pines. It is nearly twenty times larger than our trade with Asiatic Russia. It was larger by $4,000,000 than our trade with the whole of the Australasian colonies last year, with their five million of people. It was larger last year by myre than .$3,000, 000 than our trade with the entire con tinent of Africa. "As I said, the increase in our trade uas been very marked since its annex ation by the United States, and I look for equally rapid improvement in our trade with Puerto Rico and the Philippines. These colonies will ab sorb some of our surplus manufac tures, and they will also draw upon this country for their provisions, thus increasing the demand for the pro ducts of the American farms." The Devils Lake Free Press, whose editor paid a visit to the city not long ago, and among other institutions vis ited the state penitentiary, has this to say: Warden Boucher, of the state peni tentiary, is certainly deserving of great credit for tue manner in which that institution is conducted. While penitentiaries are not a credit to any state yet they are necessary public institutions and we can, with a great degree of satisfaction, take pride in knowing that our North Dakota penir tentiary stands second to no similar institution in the United States. The improvements that have Seen accom plished during the past five years have involved a great deal of labor and ex pense, and required an official with brains, energy and practical ideas to carry them out. From the time of the enactment of the convict labor law until this year it was a study as to how the inmates could be employed but Warden Boucher solved the prob lem by using them in improving the grounds, putting up necessary new buildings, etc. The twine plant re cently built and now in operation is an industry that in time wiU make this institution self supporting. The big plant has a capacity of five tons of twine daily but just now is turning out less than half this amount owing to the fact that only half of the con victs can be spared for that work. The twine is of the best quality and experts pronounce it is good as is made any where. The first outfit will be shipped June 1st. A farm of 1,200 acres is also operated by the convicts and nearly everything used in the insti tution with the exception of clothes and groceries are raised on the farm. There are now 125 inmates. Already the unwarranted assump tion of power on the part of the dis trict republican committee in the Foi/rth district has been defied. The district committee specified in the call that delegates to the judicial conven tion should be elected by the various counties at a time when no other bus iness was to be transacted. Richland county has disregarded this injunction and calls a convention to select dele gates to Grand Forks, to the judicial convention and to nominate county officers—all at the same time—which they will hold they have a perfect right to do—which will be contrary to the wishes of Judge Lauder—it is said —and what's to be done about it? Congressman Heatwole of Minne sota has introduced a bill in congress to prohibit the government from printing return requests on envel opes. As the present policy deprives the printers of the country of a great amount of printing the measure has the support of publishers generally, and is likely to pass. There is no more reason for the government to print these return requests than to print business letter headings—and what a howl there'would be if the government should engage In the printing busines to that extent. The candidacy of W. D. Washburn of Minnesota for the vice presidency not only receiving favorable mention by the press of the northwest but the advisability of his selection is being strongly urged by far-seeling leaders in the republican party throughout the west. Mr. Washburn is emin ently qualified for the dutie4 of the office. Minnesota was never more ably represented in the United States senate than when Mr. Washburn was a member. He would make an ideal presiding officer of that body and should occasion require it the affairs of the nation in his hands would be administered in that careful, conser vative yet fearless manner character istic of the present chief executive, whose renomination and re-election by the American people is now a foregone conclusion. Mr. Washburn's candi dacy appeals particularly to' the agri culturalists of the northwest, with whose interests he has been so closely allied and regarding whose welfare he is most solicitous. He is sound on the great questions of the age. He is a broad minded American and of a most illustrious family. All the Washburns have been statesmen and they have had much to do in making the country's history. Favorite sons in the east are numerous and the abil ity of many who have been put forth for this 'high office cannot be ques tioned, but there exists no good rea son why the republicans of the west and northwest should not urge the candidacy of one of their most highly respected and influential statesmen! Mr. Washburn's extensive interests in North'Dakota brings him particularly close to the people of this state and the warm endorsement received by his own state makes him a formidable candidate. The call is out for the holding of the republican convention in the Fourth judicial district and Chairman Wishek lays down the law—of the committee —as follows: "The county conven tions to elect delegates to the district convention riust not be held on the same day as the other conventions are held" and "delegates elected in disre gard of the terms of this call will not be allowed seats in the preliminary or ganization of said convention." By general consent this may work down in the Fourth district where Judge Lauder doesn want the judgeship fight mixed up with other offices, but it wouldn't work generally over the state —if the counties wanted to assert their independence. So long as the statute is not violated each county has a right to select its delegates either at a time when other business is transacted or not, as it chooses. Congressman Sulzer of New York, one of the wildest and most bigoted democrats in the United States, pre dicts that the republican majority in New York this year will be larger than any which the party has yet gained. Sulzer, of course, remembers that the republicans had a lead of 208,000 in New York in 1800. A broader margin than this would seem to be useless but Sulzer predicts that it will come. And yet Sulzer until a short time ago was more Bryanite than Bryan himself. A political dream that comes from Fessenden is to the effect that Judge Glaspell is a candidate for governor, and that the combination will make Frank White lieutenant governor and do other strange things to the com plexion of the state ticket. So long as there is no embargo on the produc tions of political pipe dreamers through the state we shall be regaled with this kind of material. The seventh annual commencement of the Columbian University, Wash ington, D. C., occurs at this time (May 27th to 30th). Several North Dakota boys have graduated from the law de partment of this famous university, among them Fred Dennett, Senator Hansbrough's private secretary. In the class this year is Mr. Edward M. Warren, private secretary to Congress man Spalding. The resources and advantages of the city of Grafton in Walsh county are splendidly set fortn in a special edi tion of the Record, over whose destin ies A. L. Woods presides. The edition is profusely illustrated and so far as Walsh county is concerned—its people, its buildings and it surroundings—this edition tells all about it. Ex-Attorney General Standish quotes a column of statistics from the New York Journal on government ownership of railroads. The combined authority of General Standish and the New York Journal ought to settle any question of whicn we happen to think at the present time. The benefit of American control already evident in Cuba and the health condition in Havana is better than ever before. Sound sanitary regula tions will make the city a mar vel of health compared with that has been in the past ••ft.*: |Hi» •••«. •••*. •••«. •••«. •tin* -j,*' Special Sale of Up-to-Date SHIRT WAISTS Shirt waists are both cool and graceful. All our $i.oo, $1.25 and 81.35 waists at 89 cents. Ahy waist at $1.50, $1.75, 81.85 and 82.00 at $1.39. All our $2.25, 82.50, $2.75 and $3.00 waists at $1.69. A good shirt waist at 39 cents. SPECIAL SALE OF MUSLIN UNDERWEAR. Lucas & O'Hara Our Motto: Quick Sales and Small Profits. Boy's and Children's Department OF THE BOSTON. We are making a specialty of boy's and children's clothing, made by up-to-date tailors. Children's wash suits in crash and cheviot and duck. Blouse and waist fnn 0 A 4k jk uuvjv. XJ1UUHO una waist 'V z,3$l.00t0$l.25 years to 8 Boy's crash and covert suits for boys ss&sg 1,00,1,25,1.50 Khaki suits for boys from 4 to 12 CA. years, only 9UC The best suit ever shown in I OC Bismarck for Yards at.... BISMARCK, WILTON. WASHBURN. is it The Grand Forks Herald explains that Col. Lounsberry is secretary of the old settlers association of the Red river valley because he belongs to no section but to the entire state, al though his pioneering was done on the Missouri slope. »From the live city of Hebron comes the news item that "the postofflce has been moved near the Klondike sa loon." Fine suits in veste and jacket I and pants, only IiZO FREE A BALL AND BAT We are also agents for one of the best factories of boy's and children's shoes in America. R. L. BEST & CO., PROPRIETORS. HARVEY HARRIS 1 Bismarck & WasMm Limber Co, Successors to We Sell the Celebrated ..Compo-Board.. vliOU One of the greatest bar-1 7C O nil gains ever offered for... 1110 ZiUU We also carry some novelties in suits with fancy vests for boys from 4 to 8 years. Do not foil to see our line before pur chasing. Something for the Boys. With every boys suit at $2 or over we give First National Bank Block, Bismarck, N. D. =t= J. P. JACKSON Main Office: BISMARCK, N. D. Fifield Lumber Co. Dealers in lumber and all kinds of huilriin» •We can save you money. See us before buyinf. Wagon Wood Stock and .Hard Wood Lumber. EDISMTS PHONOGRAPH Better than Piano, Organ, or Mode Box, for it sings and talkan.Mii. don't cost ai much. Itreprodaoesthemnitoofmyln^,^££fPfo".*°d •tories andaings—the oldCuniliarhymns^s well ioguea of all dealers, or NATIONAL PHONOGRAPH CO., See that Mr. Edison's signature farmr«££» ™LH?awre,ld**