Newspaper Page Text
THE TENNESSEE TIMES I ) CONSOLIDATED ONOSSVIUI OHRONIOLB '895 VOL. XXIX. CROSSVILLE, TENNESSEE. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 24. 1915. NO. 12 NAVAL TORPEDO. Interesting Facts About This Most De structive of Ship Destroyers. The sensational success of the sub marine lends interest to the remark able weapon with which it does its work of destruction, the torpedo. Thejackies dob it the "tin nth," and the "Percy Scott," after its ardent supporter. The modern automobile torpedo is a cigar-shaped steel object, 22 feet long, 21 inches in diameter, and weighs 2000 pounds. With its wonderful mechan ism of almost human intelligence, the projectile in action seems almost to throb with life. It dives like a porpoise, steers itself, and ploughs invisibly through the water at a speed of 40 miles an hour. The torpedo can travel a distance of six miles, and at the end of its run be capable ot destroying or severely crip pling; a great battleship. The torpedo is divided into three main parts : 1, the warhead, or front section, which holds the explosive charge, weighing from two to three hundred pounds ; 2, the air flask, or central chamber, and 3, the after body, or tail, containing the turbine engine. gyroscope, steering-gear, rudders, and propellers. One of the most ingenious and vital parts of the whole mechanism is a small propeller for preventing the premature explosion of the torpedo. It is located at the extreme point, or "nose" of the warhead. It accom plishes this by locking the firing pin. when the torpedo enters the water on being fired from the submarine or destroyer, the revolutions of the pro pellers release a "sleeve" which un covers the firing pin. This puts it in position to strike the detonating primer and exDlode the charge the instant the torpedo finds its mark. Fhe central section, or air-Mask, oc cupies more than one-half tne total length of the torpedo. In this is stored the compressed air which, es caping through a valve leading to the tiny turbine engine, propels the weap on through the water. The air cham ber is to the engine of the torpedo what the boiler is to the reciprocating engine of a steamship. Near the tail-end of the projectile is located the wonderful turbine engine that operates the propeller blades. The turbine develops about 160 horse power, with a corresponding speed ot 40 miles an hour. Its initial speed is neatly a mile a minute, with an ex treme range of from eight to ten thousand vards. The "brain" of the weapon is in the tail end. It is a little gyroscope that one coula hold in the hand and it is as delicately adjusted as a chronometer. This marvelous piece of mechanism, when properly set, automatically con trolls, steers, and keeps the torpedo in position during its line ot flight. If the torpedo runs afoul of its course, and is deflected either to the right or left, the gyrocsope, an almost human pilot, automatically operates a lever, throws the rudders up or down, and to the right or lett, bringing the torpedo back to its proper path. It takes almost a thousand pieces of steel, brass, and bronze to make up all the delicate, ingenious, and automatic adjustments of the anterior meehantum f a modern torpedo. 'American Re view of Reviews. rock, the committee will likely close with the Southern White Lime Cool pany, at Crab Orchard, for installing it i near their lime works and the company j will probably furnish the rock in case I a deal is not made by which the com- pany is to put the crushed rock on the cars for shipment. No contract has been signed by the committee as they wish to thoroughly test out certain conditions that will have much bearing on the final cost per ton. The commit tee is acting with much caution and to the end that the best possible condi tions may be secured for the county and by that means furnish the com pleted product to farmers at thelowest possible figure. It is very probable that lime will be ready for shipment by the last of next week. CUMBERLAND COUNTY STANDS SECOND IN CORN CLUB One of Our Boys Gets In the Prize-Winning List of 15 Southern States In the Corn Club Contest With 132 Bushels an Acre. SLIGHTLY OVERDRAWN. That Is What Mrs. J. E. Taylor Thinks of "Barred Plymouth Rock's" Statement .Replying to "Barred Plymouth Rock:" The writer was correct when he said : "Get a thoroughbred chicken". For the mongrel chicken is to th thorough bred what the razorback hog is to the thoroughbred. I am sure the writer will agree with me that he made a slight mistake when he stattl that an 8-week old chicken, from the Barrad Plymouth Rock, could be :.iade to weigh from 2 to 3 pounds. 1 have had an 1 periencc with i .. Rock broilen; a a number sever: will weigh from three-quarters pound and they are as good or am now having ex- ig Barred Plymouth .'ryers and have quite weeks old today that to one better LIME PULVER. than the average, have had the best of treatment. At eight weeks expect them to reach one pound, at twelve weeks expect them to reach 1 1-2 to 2 pounds, which will be large enough for market. It is also an exception and not the rule for a B. P. R. hen to weigh ten pounds. The average weight given for B. P. K. hens is 7 pounds and cocks 9 pounds. As to lay ink qualities: 1 '' mongrel lays a few eggs in the spring and sum mer and no .ne cares enough tor the mongrel hen to trap-nest her and breed her for an egg record. The thorough bred hen is trap-nested and culled and only the ones with best records are i kept for breeding purposes. Only a few years ago the 200-egg ! henwas talked of, now the 300-egg nen is in sight. We would like to know who, in Cumberland county, has a mon grel hen that began laying last Sep teuiber and is still laying" and has not become broody yet. That is what the best type of B. P. R. is doing for me. To have a flock of good layers means to cull your Hock each year and keep only the best layers and introduce new blood into your flock each year. This is the only way to have and keep a good, laying flock. 1 want to urge the Cumberland coun ty farmer not to give the mongrel hen room on your roost another season, but select, at once, some good, thorough bred chicken and start right. Have them ready for our big fair next fall. Yours for better chickens, Mrs. J. . Taylor. fhe agricultural department at ! Washington has compiled a list of the names and addresses of the two boys in each of the southern states who grew the first and second largest num ber of bushels of corn on acre last year through being members of the various corn e lu lis organized throughout the south. Following are the states thai are in cluded with the number of bushels grc wn by each of the contestants and the cost per bushel : State No. Bu. Cost. Alabama 175.25 $0.20 130 .129 142 .185 137.5 .115 186.87 .23 169.17 .26 96.26 .19 89.72 .18 117 .20 112.16 .283 93.94 .30 91.5 .345 202 .145 185 .18 148.2 .092 .19 95.5 .?3 85.75 .30 171 .25 154.3 .30 134 .30 132 .34 148 .12 145 .123 166.58 . 29 165.5 .32 133 .11 188.25 .22 144 .14 137 .15 It will be noticed that the cheapest corn grown was in North Carolina, where the lowest cost was a little less than ten cents a bushel. Out of the thirty contestants in the fifteen states, thirteen produced corn for less than 20 cents a bushel. Twelve contestants produced corn for 20 cents and over but not over 30 cents. The Tennessee boy that took first prize grew bis corn at a cost of 30 cents. Only three contest-1 ants grew corn that cost over 30 cents ; a bushel, in this class is embraced Rollo M. Cline, who won second prize I Arkansas Georgia. Florida Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma s South Carolina TENNESSEE TENNESSEE Texas Virginia West Virginia Kentucky drouth became very severe in June and the first tvo weeks in July, a board ' about five inches in width was wired to the rear teeth of the harrow tooth cul tivator, and as the forward teeth would loosen the soil, the board following after, would mulch it and make a dust blanket to conserve the moisture. "It was intended to follow this up at least once a week until the corn was ' fully eared if dry weather continued. Bat in July a heavy stoma 'came and blew much of it down and tangled it up so that it never could be worked any more, and a severe after drouth d'iring August when the corn was shooting and maturing shortened the crop very materially. The tangled condition precluded the possibility of stirring it to break up the capillary tubes in the soil and thus conserve the moisture. For five weeks, when it most needed rain and also stirring, it did not get either, and the wonder is that it made anything at all ; but 132 bushels of good corn was harvested from the acre, and my brother Cornell's acre adjoining it produced 122 1-2 bushels at the same time. "It is believed that under proper moisture and working conditions, each of these acres would have yielded more than 200 bushels. "Respectfully, "Rollo Marshall Cline." Crab Orchard, Tenn., March 22. 1915. Governor Rye has interested himself in the corn clubs to the extent of writ ing a congratulatory letter to the win ners in this state. Following is the letter written by the governor to Rollo Cline, at Crab Orchard : March 16, 1915. HIGHWAY MEETING AT COURT HOUSE TO NIGHT. Private Engineers of C. E. James Will Be Here to Discuss the Idea of Routing the Dixie Highway Through Our County. The private engineer of C. E. James, together with a representative of the Chattanooga Automobile Club, will be in Crossville tonight and desire to meet as many of the people of Cross ville and the county as they can at the court house at 8 o'clock to discuss the idea of routing the Dixie Highway road through this county. They are looking out the route from Chattanooga to Louisville and will come from Pikeville today and go from here to Jamestown. A team left here this morning and t will meet them at the top ot the moun tain and bring them here. Let every one turn out and hear what they have to say and lend all possible aid to the project. The Dixie Highway would do more, in the way of securing settlers, than anything that has ever come to us, if we can get it routed through this county. Come out and boost for all you are worth. Nashville, Tenn., Mr. Rollo M. Cline, Crab Orchard, Tenn. My dear Sir : Accept my warmest congratula tions on your success in the Boys' corn i Cluo Contest. Your work is entitled to the highest commendation. Ten-f nessee ami its dovs certainty acquitted 4l r; u;j,, r jj themselves with credit and the State ' m tne Mnal Windup Ot War. has cause to be proud. . , .. .. Yours vpi-v tnilv I A prominent Balkan statesman PREDICTION AS TO OUTCOME This Man Makes the Outlook for the Germans Exceedingly Gloomy in this state. In no instance did the corn cost so much as 35 cents a bushel. It will be seen by the report of Rollo Cline, in which he tells how he grew his corn, that had he been favored with normal weather conditions he would have taken first prize and would doubt less, have produced corn for 30 cents a bushel or less. To Be Installed This Week and Farm ers Can Soon Get All the Crushed Lime They Need. The lime pulver committee met in the offices of Dorton & Burnett Mon day and we .t carefully over the sever al propositions made for establishing the pulver and operating the same. Judge Burnett has written the Jeff ries Company to send their man here to install the machine and teat it out to the satisfacation of the committee. It isexpe ted he will arrive in time for ttie pulver to be installed this week. While mo dentinite arrangements have teen closed for producing the crashed WAR SITUATION The allies are hammering away at the Dardanelles forts, but not much progress has been made of late. The English lost two and the French one war ship. Others were promptly sent to take their place. The all lies say the loss was due to floating mines, while the Turks claim it was torpedo work. There has been much talk recently that Austria will cede territory to Italy to insure continued neutrality. I HOW HE DID IT. "1 plowed the groundfwith a No 30. I Oliver plow and aubsoiled it a soon in i the Spring as 1 could get into it. The ' condition of the soil was a little heavier Tom C. Rye. The boy has also received a letter of congratulations from the Tennessean and American asking for a photo, a bnel sketch of his life and how ne grew the corn, all ot which will appear in that journal at an early date, pos sibly before this reaches Chronicie readers. This is not the only prize that has been awarded to Cumberland county boys as premiums in a corn club. Cornell Cline, an older brother of Rollo Cline, won the second prize in 1913 in the Corn Club contest and received $250 in gold from the Journal and Tribune, of Knoxville. Corne l Cline met with very unfavorable weather conditions for his corn and produced a little less than 100 bushels, but the government examiner, who came to see the corn gathered and measured, told Cornell Cline that if he had been fa vored with normal weather conditions he would have grown close to 200 bush els or double what he actually did get. produced over 120 bushels. In the face of these things our peo ple no longer are willing to admit that any section can grow larger crops than this county, when proper preparations have been made. The low price of land here is a great advantage and those who are looking for cheap Louies should take that fact into consideration for the low price now asked for lands in this county wil net -.long prevail for the splendid crops that have been grown here the last few years have at tracted such wide attention as to be has written an article for the Review of Reviews in which he sets out conditions for Germany and Austria that are very discouraging and makes the final pre diction as to the outcome when the war is over ana final adjustments come : "To conclude, then, we can say with certainty that the Russians and their allies have the best ot it, and that this terrible struggle will end in the com plete defeat of Germany and Austria Hungary. "And what will be the result? The outcome of the present war may be conceived thus: "First: Russia will expand at the j expense of Austria-Hungary, will an I nex Galacia, and will demand from Turkey the occupation of Constanti ' nople and a part ot Asia Minor. 1 2 "Second: France will regain her two former provinces of Alsace and I Lorraine. ' "Third: England will be benefited by gaining possession of the German I colonies, as well as a part of Asia ; Minor. "Fourth;: Belgium will receive as : recompense for her stoic resistance the ' Duchy of Luxemburg. I "Fifth: The two kindred kingdoms of Servia and Montenegro will receive ' as a reward for a struggle not less sto 1 ical, the two Austrian provinces peo pled by the Serb race. "Sixth: Italy, as a reward for her neutrality would receive the provinces of Austria-Hungary inhabited by Ital ians. "Seventh: Rumania, for the same than it should have been. I applied ! sure to brng an influx of home seekers rcason. would receive Bukovina, an GRAND SECRETARY ILL. j about 20 tons of stable manure to the acre, which was plowed into the soil. About one week before planting i! disced and cross disced it, applying about 250 pounds acid phosphate to the acre, discing it in deeply, and after wards sowing broadcast 250 pounds more and harrowing it in lightly with I spike tooth harrow, cross harrowing the ground well. i at no distant date. FAILED TO LAND. "Planted May 1, in rows three feet John B. Garrett, Grand Secretary of apart, drilling 500 pounds corn ferti the Grand Lodge, F. & A. M., is very lizer in the rows. Drilled the corn ill at his home in Nashville and no from 6 to 9 inches apart. Before the hope is held out by the doctors for his corn came up, it was cross harrowed recovery. Any hour may bring the sad twice with a spike toth harrow, news that he. has passed away. He "After the corn came up it was culti- wa8 chosen tor the twentieth time at . , . .. , . ... . . . the last meeting of the Grand Lodge, vated by BmM "hovel cultivator, fol in January, to fill the place of Grand lowed by harrow tooth cutlivator, Secretary. every five or six days, and as the The State Board of Control has been named and much to the regret of many people of this county, ex-Senator E. (J. Tollett was not chosen by Governor Rye as one. The ooard is as follows : John S. Denton, President, Franklin, term six years. W. W. Baird, Hum boldt, term tour years. W. T. Murray, Chattanooga, ter ui two years. The failure of Senator Tollett to se cure the coveted place is a distinct ioss to this county for had he been chosen he would have done much to assist this section in divers and sundry ways. It is one ot those diasppointments that we must swallow with the best grace words my opinion of possible and turn a hopeful face to tien new existing in other important matters. Austrian province peopled largely by Rumanians. "As 'o Turkey, which has been drag ged into the war by German political intrigue, she will be erased from the man as an independent country. It will be the same with Albania; for her inhabitants, who are in a state of per etuai anarchy, cannot long exist as an independent people. "This, then, is my view ul th con ditions that will be imposed ...ion the conquered. Perhaps changes may be even greater; for it is possible that Austria Hungary, like Turkey, may case to exist as an independent em pire. Nor is it inconceivHOl' that cer tain provinces might be snatched from Germany, as for example German Po land. But here y.u have in a few the ; ctual situa- Europe. and mv predietiomt for the future."