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Cross ville Chronicle.
TMB TENNESSEE Tl MBS 1 ( CONSOLIDATED rSVILLE OHRONIOLI f 1S96 Jc XXIX. CROSS VILLE, TENNESSEE, WEDNtSDAY. MAY 19. 1915. NO. 20 SINKING OF LUSITAHIA. Somfi Facts Connected With It That Are Receiving Consideration bv Cool Heads. lhe sinking of the Titanic on her I maiden voyage was the greatest ocean disaster of modern times. Next to that comes the loss of life in the recent sinking of the Lusitania. There is much excitement over the loss ot the Lusitania and if it should develop that this country is drawn into War as a result then the Lusitania loss wi 1 prove the "O t appalling in the history of ocean travel, but no person of cool and reasonable mind expects such a thing There is no need for such a dire result. It it does come it will be trie fault of the United States and noi of Germany. LOOK AT THE FACTS Some B.onths ago England openly declared to the world that she would do all in her power to starve the mil lions of women and children of Ger many and is still doing all possible to that end. Germany replied that unless England would permit food for non combatants of Germany to reach the German nation, Geimany would make an effort to blockade the waters around the British Isles. England did nat yield And Germany began the blockade by sinking all vessels belonging to Eng land and her allies that she could in the waters around the British Isle?. England controls the seas so far as warships go in that she can take all vessels into port and, alter landing the crews and passengers, confiscate the shipa and cargoes. Eveiy one un derstands that a submarine can not do that and is forced to sink the ships where found, which the Germans have been doing. England has been charg ing them with violatingv the rules of war and humanity. Trying to starve millions of defenseless women and children is simply war, but for Ger mans to sink ships is piracy and murder. The German government caused ad vertisements to appear in the New York papers warning the world that persons who look passage with Knglish ships or tl.e ships of her allies were do ing so at the risk of their lives, when such vessels entered the proscribed war zone around the Britsh Isles. The people gave no need and as a result when the Lusitania was sunk a few days ago more than one hundred Amer icans were drowned. Those in sympa thy with England and her allies charge that the drowning of a few people in the sinking of a ship that was carrying contraband of war is piracy and niur Hpt hut when England does ail in her power to starve women and chi warfare. While it is proper for ch President to protest to Germany over the loss of American lives, we have not in fact any standing in "court" for the people who lost their lives took passage on the Lusitania of their own lree n ill and with full knowledge of the danger. Germany will very likely continue just as she began so long as England persists in trying to starve German women and children. The English have decided t intern all Germans of military age who are in England. All Germans are being dis charged from the positoins they hold, the people retuse to sell them any thing or have any business transactins m i.th them. If that means anything it means that the English are trying to starve all Germans now in England. Hundreds of German shops have been attacked and more or less di.maged, not because of anything they have done, but because they are Germans. It is to the credit of the English courts hat they are punishing the rioters, out that does not change the attitude of the English people towards innocent people. The Germans in Eng land had no more to do with the sink ing of the Lusitania than the Germans in the United States, yet they are be ing made victims of the wrath of the English. No one has heard of any such tions in Germany in spite that England is trying whole German people war. OLD RESIDENT LETTER, Has Lived In County 83 Years and Re members the Rawhide Sieve HIGHWAY ACT IS NOW LAW AND IS FOR German is legal Isoline, Tenn., Mayl 7, 1915, Editor Chronicle : I will write you a few facts concerning my past life, as 1 am numbered among the old men. My parents emigrated from North Carolina to Tennessee and settled on Obed river at the place now known as Adams Ford. 1 was born in 1832. People had a very hard time to live here at that time. There were very few inhabitants here then; people who lived eight or ten miles away were cal led near neighbors. There weren't any mills inthe coun try to grind grain and no railroads or wagon roads to bring it from other places. The only way we had to get bread was to holl-w out 'the end of a block of wood and beat our corn into meal with a mall. There were no sieves in this country and the people separated the meal from the bran by stretching a raw hide over a hoop and punching holes in it, and sifting it through the hide. We raised our own corn and wheat. Later or people got to making what we called a hand mill; made in the same shape as a grist mill. We fed the mill by hand. That was the way we got our bread for many years. People raised a few cattle, sheep and hogs. There fell a snow in March, 1843. There was not much raised the summer before for people or stock to eat. This snow was twenty-two inches deep and lay on the wround until some time in April. Sttc't nearly all died and people had a hard time to get another start 1 w - eleven years o'd in April after this m ow tell in March. At about the age i fourteen 1 took ereat interest ir h ii ting and killing wild game, which v .is very plentiful. I would work in the spring and sum mer and hunt in fail and winter on up to 1855, when 1 ws married to Mary E. Wyatt, daughter of James Wyatt There were born to this union nine children, live boys and four glirs, all of whom are living at this time and all living a short distance trom me. Alter 1 was married hunting was still the order uf the day in fall and winter. The war came on in lsbl, but 1 was neutral. 1 took no hand in the war I stayed at home and tended to my rwn affairs and was not nothcred by any body. But the war caused harder times than people had ever seen here before or since and 1 hope we will never have another. After the war was over I served one tertr as justice of the peace in the county court. My wife and lived a quiet and peaceable life, She was cal led away in l!l()4, at the age of sixty nine years. I have forty-six grand children and twenty seven great-grand children. 1 could not tell how many people there are in Cumberland county that are related to the Adams family, un less I was taking the census. 1 am now living with my youngest son, within one and one-halt miles oi the place where I was born. 1 have always lived within the. hounds of Cumberland county. 1 a t. now eighty- three years of age. I Bs never in but seven counties beside Cumberland. 1 have never had a case in court. I have seen many changes for the better along all lines of progress and people are having an e;isier time and more conveniences than they had fitty years ago. 1 am not a subscriber to the Chron icle, but some of my neigbhors are and they loan it to me. 1 like it very much. With best wishes to "the Chronicle and the people of the county. W. J. Adams. $200,000 Carries $125, for Dixie Highway, Mem-phis-to-Bristol Gets $20,000 and Remaining $55,000 Goes to Otier County Roads. OUTLOOK FOR SHORT ROUTE VERY PROMISING Tennessee Section Thoroughly Organ ized and Eastern Kentucky and Cincinnati Said to Be In the Same Condition. dutie. Senator Wilson designated J. W. Dorton, C. G Biack and J. A. Kemmer as the conimissioners. 'J hey are given very broad powers in making rules governing the work, condemning property, paying lor such property and locating the road over such property as the best interests of the road may demand. They are empowered to em ploy engineers, who will prepare esti ' mates for the work and the commis sioners are not allowed to run more than the estimates for the work, but may reject any or all bids and re-ad vertise for other bids. All work is to be inspected and paid for with vouchers drawn by the commssioners but 20 per cent of the amount ot the contracts is to be held back until the work is completed and accepted. They may employ an attorney and his salary and all other expenses are to come ou ol the bond fund, lh1 commissioners are empowered to determine the width of road and fix grade. They are em powered to accept aid from any associ ation, the state or tedeial government They are empowered to buy tools and do the work by the day, if condi tions make it advisable. FIFTH DISTRICT ABOLISHED condi- of the fact to starve the in tne name ox WEATHEk REPORT. For the Ohio Valley and Tennessee: Showers and continued cool the first half of the week, followed by generally fair and warmer weather the second half. The btU introduced by Senator T. E. Wilson to abolish the Fifth district of this county has passed both houses anrl been signed by the governor. That act puts Esquires A. M. Davis and G. W. Houston out of office and the people of their respective sections are forced to travel several miles further to handle their legal differences and these neighborhoods have been de prived of needed peace officers. It is simply anotner act ot spite on the part of Senator Wilson. The people of those neighborhoods will be very liable to "remember the Maine," when election time comes around again. From that viewpoint publican politicians over the will be glad. SHERIFF RESIGNS. the re-county Sheriff Toney has tendered his re signation to Judge G. P. Burnett to take effect June 5. Lack of remunera tion in the office and other reasons are cause, Sheriff Toney may explain to the people through these columns later. Judge E. G. Tollett returned from Nashville tne Saturday and had with him a certified copy ot the enahling act relative to voting bonds to build the Dixie highway through this county. As is the custom with local acts, this one will be authorized for publication in the Chronicle by the Secretary of State and will appear in full, but we herewith give in brief the most important features of the act. $200,000 AUTHORIZED the act authorizes the sale of $200,000 in live per cent bonds for the building of roads through the county. Of that amount $125 ,000 is for the Dixie nighway, hut the act does not menton specifically the Dixie highway It reads: a road running northerly and southerly through said couny. ' $20,000 FOR M.-TO-B. HIGHWAY Twenty thousand dollars is set aside for completing tne Memphis-to-Bristol highway and the remaining $55,000 is to "be used in locating and grading other roads leading from and intersect ing the two roads above specified." The two roads meant are the Dixie highway and the Memphis-to-Bristol highway. The ar.t provides that all the bunds shall be sold at one time and that the commissioners shall have full power to locate all the roads, but it is under stood that "locating" in the sense useii does not mean that the commis sioners shall have the power to des ignate between what points the roads shall be built, but that after the County court has designated the points between which the several roads shall be built the commission shall have the power to locate specifically the routes traversed by the several roads be 'ween the points- designated. FORTY YEAR BONUS The bonds are to be signed by the County Court Clerk, are to be num bered beginning with one, shall be in amounts of $500 each or multiples of that amount and shall have the official seal of the county affixed. The intei est is to be paid semi-annually through coupons. The bonds are to mature in forty years from date of issue, but may be redeemed by the county at par after twenty years, at the option of the county. CREATE SINKING FUND A tax is to be levied sufficient to pay he interest and create a sinking fund sufficient to redeem the bonds at ma turity. The trustee will collect the taxes for the bonds the same as other i taxes, but is to receive only half the I amount now allowed bv law on other moneys for his trouble. The trustee is to pay the coupons and receive credit for same from the county the same as for cash. The trustee will be required to give additional securitv to cover the moneys handled as the result of the issue of said bonds. The money for which the bonds are sold will remain in the hands of the commissioners. HIGHWAY COMMISSIONERS The act provides for a board of Highway Cominsisioners consisting- of MAY REMOVE COMMISSIONERS Under cert in conditions the county court may, by a two-thirds vote, re move any commissioner and the va cancy filled by the court. No member of the county court can serve as com missioner aiid none .if the commission ers is allowed, under penalty of u fine of $1,000 and imprisonment in the county workhouse for not less than six months, in any way to becomes in terested in any of the contracts through a member of his family. BONDS MUST BRING PAR The bonds are to be sold by the com niissioners, but may not be sold for less than par. The feeling is that such long -term bonds at five per cent will bring a handsome premium. Con tractors are t5 be paid every fifteen days. MUST MAKE BOND The commissioners are required to give bond through some guarantee company, said guarantee io be paid to the state for the benefit of tne county, in the event of forfeiture. Each com missioner is required to make oath that he will discharge the duties tothe best of his ability and not in any way be come interested in any or tne con tracts. ibe bill was approved May 15 and signed by the governor on that date. Every indication now nnints to the Dixie Highway being routed through Crossville. When representatives from the five counties ; Sequatchie, Bledsoe, Cumberland and Pickett, meet in Chat tanooga today they will hold a confer ence and a capable man will be select ed to appear before the commissioners and the Short Route will be presented in every detail with all possible force and as completely as time will permit. Every county in ''ennessee has had an enabling act passed whereby it can vote sufficient bonds to insure the com pletion of the road. That every county is keenly alive to the importance of the road and is willing to build its part goes without raying. The most im portant factor in favor of the Short Route is that it is over 100 miles short er than the Nashville route, which is our strongest competitor. IN KENTUCKY Thirteen counties in Eastern Ken tucky through which the line will pass, are thoroughly organized and will be there to use all possible influence to carry it to Cincinnati. It cannot go through Eastern Kentucky and to Cin cinnati without coming by the Short Route. There has been some effort made to arouse sentiment for the road to go via Knoxville, but no one expects it to go any such a round-about way as that. CINCINNATI COMING Cincinnati will be there with a spe cial train carrying 200 people and they will spare no effort to carry it to that city. That again means that it must come through Crossville. STRAIGHT SHOOT PROBABLE The most probable route for the road to go is via Crossville and direct to Louisville as that will be the shortest possible way it can go. That would mean that Eastern Kentucky ar.d Cin cinnati would build south and tup the highway at Albany, K Mucky. Tnat would mean two good lines of road through the state. If the roau goes direct to Louisville it is very prouablo tnat the road from Nashville to Louis ville would be built also, which would give three lines of ruud through Ken tucky: One would serve Western Ken tucky, one the iniddie and the otner the eastern section. JAMES HOLDS TRUMP CARD Nashville has practically given up all hope ol securing t:ie road. the feeling is strong with many that C. E. James holds the tru.i.p card in 'the charter. While he, as pieiuentot the Dixie Highway Association in this state, has agreed to turn over the char ter, there is a general feei ng that siich a course will not be followed until the location of the line is assured over the route most desired by him and Chatta nooga, that is unquestionably the Snort Route. Several persons feel that ever since the Louisville meeting the Short Route has tieen practically sure ot the road, tut such a statement could noi be publicly made as it would put the loca tors in a bud attitude before the com peting sections. SHORT LINE WILL RE BUTE 1 Several times the Chronicle has iade the statement that the Sh rt Route would be bui t regardless of tne nCHtion of the official route. The as surance nat will be the outcome, in the possible ev?nt it is n t routed this way, was never so strong as at this le. All the counties in this state are si uated that the funds for building can surely be secured and the feeling is almost universal that once this line s built it will get the travel regard- lets of the location of the official route. In view of all conditions it is hard to see how the Short Route can fail to secure the covetet prize, the question s liable not to be settled on one day or in two, but that does not militate against the Short Route. BOND ISSUE. Quarterly court met in special ses sion today and voted the $2UO,uuo in bonds conditionally on the official route being located via Crossville. RUNAWAY MARRIAGE Results In Attempted Assault Upon Rev. C. V. Bellamy, Monday forenoon Rev. C. V. Bellamy married Miss Laura Dayton and Frank Campbell. The young couple made an Ifort to get married Sunday and were vertaken by her father, Fielding Day ton, and the marriage was prevented. Monday Mr. Campbell and Leo Day ton, brother of the girl, went to thi home of Rev. Bellamy and arranged for him to marry them. At the time Rev. Bellamy askfd the men if it was a runaway match and if the parents objected. fhey replied that it was not a runaway match and that if there were any objections they did not know of it. When the bride and grjom came a little later to have Rev. Bellamy per form the ceremony he put the same questions and received the samw an swers. Rev. Bellamy further asked the age of the girl and they stated that she was 18 years of age. He then per formed the ceremony, but not until he had two witnesses present. It seems the girl will be 18 in September. Monday afternoon the father of the girl, Fielding Dayton, met Rev. Bel lamy on tne street and used. abusive language to him and finally attempted to strike the minister with a stick. Rev. Bellamy ran to avoid trouble and Marshal Hill Lowery appeared on the scene while Dayton was attempting to strike the minister and placed Dayton under arrest. Recorder O. B. Rector fined Dayton $5.00 and costs. Fielding Dayton is quiet and indus trious man and while he was deeply in censed at his daughter getting married it is probable he would not have at tempted violence had he not been un der the influence of liquor. At least that appeared to be his condition. Rev. Bellamy stated that he knew nothng of the attempted runaway Sun day and stated that he would not have performed the ceremony had he known of the escapade Sunday or that there was any objection to the marriage. The bride and groom went to Creston on the noon train They will probably make their home here. ; N. " : t ' ' . '. - - ' , . , " ' p,:-. -. . ' - - '' '. ' -