THE CROSSVILLE CHRONICLE
HAVE PET BELIEFS
MANY FINE TREES CAN BE SAVED
BY SIMPLE METHOD OF REPAIR
The High Cost of
Shoes Gets Wallop
Few Men Are Without Some Su
And Most of Them Can Be Traced
Back to a Comparatively Com
What is your pot superstition?
"My pet superstition?" you'll prob
ably unswer, with elevated eyebrows.
"Why, I haven't nny. Superstitions are
for the Ignorant people.'
But puusc a moment and rummage
around the shelves of your cerebellum
among your store of modern Informa
tion and see if there isn't tucked away
In the corner some old, musty, long
forgotten superstition you'd forgotten
Do you pick up the pin you see lying
In the street?
If you break a mirror does it give
you a moment's uneasiness? Honest
When you knock over the salt cellar
do you noi because you believe It does
any good, of course, but because it
can't do any hurm do you take
pinch and throw it over your left
Do you dislike to accept n $2 bill?
Would you give your friend a knife
without adding a penny to break the
Would you walk under a ladder?
Do you mind being the thirteenth a
These superstitions are the most
popular and they aren't at all confined
to uneducated, or even uncultured peo
ple, as has been demonstrated.
Of recent years an eminent scientist
who had collected much interesting
data on superstitions among educated
people decided to put his theory to n
high test. He went to one of the lend
ing universities of this country.
"My pet superstition?" The dignified
old college professor echoed the ques
tion, removing his eyeglasses to get a
better view of the impertinent stran
ger. "My dear fellow I Preposterous!
Superstitions belong to the dark ages
We live in a period of culture."
Whereupon the professor proceeded
to enlighten tho stranger with a
lengthy dissertation on Ms university
and his high literary standing, saying:
"One of the oldest universities In
the country, sir, one of the finest. At
present we have an exceptionally high
attendance. Everything- hus been run
ning smoothly" here the Intellectual
professor halted to lean over and tap
lightly the wooden top of his desk.
It developed that 26 per cent of the
college professors at this university
were wholly without superstitions, but
some of them had their fingers
A great many of our superstitions
huve grown up with us through so
many - generations that we are hardly
conscious of Jhelr presen?e. Many of
these date back to the early Romans
Salt in ancient times was used In re
ligious rites, and supposed to possess
propitiatory powers. But when some
careless emperor's elbow knocked the
salt dish over It? powers were lost, and
the only way to Insure a peaceful re
sumption of the meal was to appease
the evil powers by throwing a pinch
of the spilled salt over the left shoul
der. The superstition connected with a
broken mirror dates from Napoleon's
campaign In Italy, when he accidental
ly broke the glass over he picture of
Josephine. Since glass had always
been connected In nny form us sym
bolical of life and death, Napoleon
was overcome with fear that some evil
had befallen Josephine. And because
the broken gloss caused the great em
peror uneasiness, the woman on the
street car today pales when she drops
her pockethook und her mirror breaks.
No Mother to Guide Her.
She wus about eight years old. Some
imii-inir u'nmnn ' lind exelnlmpd !
"What a beautiful voice she hus for
such a young gin v ana some otner
admiring woman had agreed. The
child believed them, of course, and
consequently was very anxious to sing
on any and all occasions. She began
to delight In using musical terms
which she learned from her mother.
She never shouted, because It would
hurt her vocal cords. She was very
careful to wrap herself up well, be
cause she had a delicate throat which
had to be carefully guarded from
drafts. She displayed an amazing
comprehension of the artistic tempera
ment. Her mother usually played her
accompaniments, but, on this partlcu
lar day she had to be absent, and she
asked Miss Agnes to play for her
daughter. Miss Agnes consented. The
rehearsal began propitiously and con
tinued encouragingly for almost a
minute. Then the small and Imperi
ous Blnger stamped her ioot and cried t
"Stop, Miss Agnes! Didn't you see
that 'hold?' We'll do that over, so 1
can get a full, round tone I'' Indian,
"Ttj 'r""t '"" "TriTnim 4j.umwi'wii,jnj : ffi wvmm ssTW,iTlnyTr"sas,
Simple Treatment Saves Many Fine Trees Like This One.
Tree surgery lb comparatively slm
pie and Inexpensive arid most persons
can, with a little preliminary practice,
undertake the simpler types of tree
repair work that will prove Immense
Iy profitable In saving fine trees. . A
few fundamental principles must be
observed to secure permanently good
(I) Remove the dead, decayed, dis
eased or Injured wood or bark. When
on n limb this can often he done best
by removing the entire limb; on a
large limb or on the trunk It may
mean at times digging out the decayed
matter so that a cavity Is formed.
(2) Sterilize all cut surfaces.
(3) Waterproof all cut surfaces.
(4) Leave the work In the most fa
vorable condition for rapid healing;
this will often mean filling or cover
ing deep cavities. .
(5) Watch the work from year to
year for defects and if nny appear at
tend to them Immediately.
Removing Large Limbs.
A large limb rarely should be re
moved by n single saw cut from the
upper side, as this usually strips the
bnrk and wood as It falls. A prelim
inary cut should be made from the un
der side, beyond the point for the
final cut; and a second cut on the up
per side an Inch or more beyond the
first one. Then cut tho stub close to
the trunk. A coat of good shellac
should be, applied over the entire area
of the bark, outer sapwood, and the
Creosote should be applied to the
rest of the exposed wood not already
covered by the shellac ns a protec
tion, and the entire shellacked and
creosoted surface should be finally wa
terproofed with thick coal tar or as-
phnlt. Grafting wax, particularly the
thick liquid alcoholic kind. Is excel
lent for waterproofing small surfaces.
Another good method of treating the
scars is to char the surface with a
gasoline or alcohol blast torch and
then quickly cover the hot surface
with heavy tar, pitch, or hot asphalt.
The treated surfaces should be
watched from year to year and recoat
ed as necessary to preserve the wa
terproofing. In removing small branches and
twigs the cut should be made as close
to the supporting branch as possible,
so as to leave no projecting stub. The
pruning wound must be sterilized and
water-proofed. For very small wounds
shellac Is handy.
When a wound has been allowed to
remain untreated for a year or more,
decay-producing organisms are almost
certain to have started an area of de
coy and Insect activity behind the ex
posed surface. Such regions gen
erally require excavation of decayed
and diseased wood and sterilizing and
waterproofing of the cut surfaces.
The tools ordinarily required are
two outside-ground . socket-handled
gouges (one three-fourths of an Inch
and -the other 1 inches), a knife,
mallet or hammer, and . an oil
stone. Only keen edges should be
used on the bark or near the cam
Remove Diseased Wood.
Remove all the diseased or Insect-
eaten or water-soaked wood. In dis
eased areas of many years' standing
there may-be only a thin shell of
healthy wood around the cavity, In
which case the tree must be braced
or guyed, and It Is often better re
moved and replaced by a healthy one,
Do not leave a cavity so It will re
tain water. In shaping a cavity that
Is to be filled with cement, etc., have
the Ides undercut, if possible, so as
to hold the filling more firmly In place.
Inrolled bnrk at the edges of the open
ing should be cut away after the de
cayed and diseased matter has been
completely excavated and the edges of
the sapwood and bark adjoining the
cambium shellacked. The remainder
of the cavity also roust be sterilized.
Creosote Is recommended. Over this
a heavy waterproof covering should
be applied. 1
Filling the cavity Is of much less Im
portance. Often a cnvlty Is better left
unfilled. A cavity must be -watched
from year to year and any tendency
of the waterproofing to crack, split,
or blister should immediately be coun
teracted by repainting.
Where sheet-metal covering Is used
there should be a narrow half-inch
ledge of bare wood around the edge
to which the margin of the metal can
be tacked. The cavity must be thor
oughly sterilized and waterproofed,
and the sheet metal fitted tight at the
If a long cavity Is to be filled with
cement or asphalt, It usually is advis
able to place one or more bolts
through it to hold the wood and filling
more firmly together. Long cavities,
as a rule, should be bolted every IS
or 24 Inches.
The most widely used material for
filling cavities Is cement, usually In
the form of cement mortar or con
crete. Under certain conditions as
phalt and sawdust and sand used tu
combination with cement blocks or
with wood would be better than either
used separately, and they often are
more economical. Often, large pieces
of wood or smaller sectional pieces
can be fitted to the opening and the In
terstices filled with the plastic.'
The Department of Agriculture In
vites correspondence concerning meth
ods In tree-repnlr work, and, will be
preparea to aavise ior or against any
particular method so far as experience
and tne results of experiments will
PLANS OUTLINED FOR
Best to Kill Fowl by Cutting
Throat With Knife.
Dry-Picking Makes Better Appearing
Product for Market Cooling May
Be Done by Placing Carcaeees
in Iced Water.
Birds to be killed and marketed
should be kept without feed for at
least 12 hours before killing, say poul
try specialists of the United States
Department of Agriculture. The best
method of killing Is to suspend the
fowl by tho legs and through the
mouth cut the Jugular vein In the back
of the throat with a sharp-pointed
knife. After cross-cutting this vein
once or twice, cut Into the roof of the
mouth so as to pierce the brain with
the point of the knife, slightly turning
the .'point "after it has plerced-- tbe
Fowls to he used at home may be
killed more easily by chopping off
their heads. The fowls may be either
dry picked or scalded. Dry-picking
makes a better-appearing market fowl,
but scalding, which Is easier, Is often
preferred, If the bird Is for home use.
Dry-picking should be done Immedi
ately after the bird is killed, as the
feathers then come out more easily.
Be careful not to tear the skin. For
scalding, use water heated Just below
the boiling point, Immersing the fowl
two or three times, or until the feath
ers pull oft easily, but do not leave It
in so long that the skin scalds.
Cool the fowls after they are
picked, either by hanging them up in
a cool place or soaking them In cold
or Iced water. Fowls for market are
usually sold undrawn, but for hnmn
or local use they may be drawn by re
moving the -crop through an opening
made In tha-ekln of the neck, and cut
ting aroundr.the vent and then remov
ing the Irtfaetjaes and; all . other vis
ceral materia nk&g,anx-ddltlonal
silt Into the abdomen If
Pine the liver and gizzard back 14
the body cavity.
"Ten cents to twenty-five cents a
pair is enough profit for any maker
of work shoes," says Geo. It. Harsh,
head of the Harsh & Chapline Shoe Co,
of Milwaukee, makers of the famous
Lion Brand and Steven Strong work
shoes for men and boys.
"For 15 years we have been tryli
to make the best work shoes In the
country. To do this we even had to
put up our own tannery, buy the bides
and do our own tanning, as we could
find no leather In the open market
good enough to go Into Lion Brand
"That we have cohie close to suc
cess Is evidenced by the sale of more
than 10,000,000 pairs through thou
sands of stores. Last year alone the
shoo buying public bought more than
"Lion Brand Shoes are so popular'
we could probably go right on doing
business through the stores. But I
believe there should be fewer profits
between the producer and user," con
tinued Mr. Harsh.
"By selling direct to the wearer wt
cut out the profit of the tanner. Jobber
and store keeper, as well as the sales
man's expense, and are able to save
the buyer of Lion Brand work shoes
from one dollar to three dollars a pair.
"It took a lot of courage to change
our selling policy, but we believe the
buying pnblic Is ready for the change
and that our action In stepping over
the middleman to the user will be fol
lowed by other large manufacturers of
many, other well known quality prod
ucts. "Our catalog No. 1 is now ready for
distribution from factory, Hanover and
Maple Streets, Milwaukee, Wis." Adv.
Not Gay, But
Patience "Don't you think he Is a
gay deceiver?" Patrice "Oh, I never
considered him particularly gay."
Important to all Women
Readers of this Paper
Thousands upon thousands of
have kidney or bladder trouble and
Women's complaints often prove to be
nothing else but kidney trouble, or the
result of kidney or bladder disease.
If the kidneys are not in a healthy con
dition, they may cause the other organs
to become diseased.
You may suffer pain in the back, head
ache and loss of ambition.
Poor health makes vnn nervnn nrita
b!e and may be despondent; it makes any
But hundreds of women claim that Dr.
Kilmer's Swamp-Root, by restoring
health to the kidneys, proved to be just
the remedy needed, to overcome such
Many send for a samnle bottle to sea
what Swamp-Root, the ereat kidney.
liver and bladder medicine, will do for
them. By enclosing ten cents to Dr.
Kilmer & Co.. Binchamton. N. Y.. yon
may receive sample size bottle by Parcel
Post. You can purchase medium and
arge size bottles at all drug stores. Adr.
The woman of the hour is the one
who says she will be ready In a minute.
Wit BV II
I -n -1 tvt
and all who must have a
great deal of tissue build
ing material to repair the
waste caused by physical
and mental labor. It is
I delicious, pure and whole
i some, and is made bv a
S perfect mechanical pro- j
cess, without the use of
! chemicals, so preserving
' 7ft tne cxQulslte "avor,
aroma and color ot
BOOKLET O CHOtCt ftCCIPES
NinV CROP OKNITINR RIBBON CAN
SIRUP, ABSOLUTELY PUKK, spark!!
and bright, direct from tha (arm to yo.
two ten-pound mm, $3.60 : four ten-pouno
cans, $(.90. Express prepaid. Thla yrup .
la delicious and It must please you or money '1
refunded. 8. B. McEachern, Lucedale. Mies.
Cutlcura for Pimply Faces.
To remove pimples and blackheads
smear them with Cutlcura Ointment.
Wash off In five minutes with Cutl
cura Soap and hot water. Once clear
keep your skin clear by nslng them for
dally toilet purposes. Don't fall to In
clude Cutlcura Talcum. Adv.
Anxiety of a visitor over a family
jar may be misplaced. It often doesn't
For CROUP, COLDS,
INFLUENZA & PNEUMONIA
Molten bonis' ketp ) el Brsme't VstooicMfcs
aire convenient. When Croup. Inlnran Pirn
siesin tareMcM tat, clif btfnl wlrs robboi well into
fas tferatt. cbm and indei Uw una, will reline tka
cneldaf . break eoaf etuon u4 nroswls metal tltcp.
wu. mi siAui inc amna
30c 60c; us $1.20 at ill faf Hmt m ml srnnii Yf
Brme Dins; Co. N. Wilkes bo ro, N. C
Every dog hns his duy, but he Is not
as certain of It as the old turkey gob
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE will
do what we claim for It cure Catarrh or
Deafness caused by Catarrh. We do not
claim to cure any other disease.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE is a
liquid, taken Internally, and acts through
the blood upon the mucous surfaces ot
the system, thus reducing; the inflamma
tion and restoring normal conditions.
All Druggists. Circulars free.
F. J. Cheney A Co., Toledo, Ohio.
The tilings people want to know the
most are usually none of their business.
You must say "Bayer
Warning! Unless you see the name "Bayer" on tablet
you are not getting genuine Aspirin prescribed by
physicians for 21 years and proved safe by millions.
Accept only an 'unbroken package" 'of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," 'Which contains propet directions for Colds, Headache,
'Pain, Toothache, Neuralgia Rheumatism, JSeuritls, J-umbago.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets eoat bat a few cents Larger packages,
Ajplrls i the traae nark ef Bar MaasfsiiUH atf lfooacUcaef Sester of SaUcjrUeasJsl
8jrJMi'.k .urn ii'-mim
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