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THE CROSSVILLE CHRONICLE
I USE LABOR TO BEST ADVANTAGE The Stacker It a Modern Implement Utilizing Horse Labor for Putting the Hay on (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The hay crop, even when the labor supply is normal, causes more worry, anxiety, and disappointment than any other crop. The time for harvesting is comparatively short. Other crops re quire attention at the same time. And the weather is to be reckoned with. A great deal of labor Is wasted every year during hay harvest, say special ists of the United States Department of Agriculture, not because of actual Idleness on the part of the workers, but because labor is expended unnec essarily on operations that do not utilize It to the best advantage. If an old method can be superseded by a new one that will enable the same number of men to accomplish more work In the same length of time, or fewer men to accomplish the same work In the same length of time, it will mean more hay saved, more profit to the farmer, and a better con dition for the country. Shift Burden from Man to Horse. Although there is a scarcity of man labor, there are still plenty of horses on most farms, and herein largely lies the solution of the problem. On farms where considerable hay is grown methods must be adopted by which the greater part of the heavy labor is done by horses. This will necessitate the general use of certain, tjpea of. labor saving machinery, some of them not so common In the East, which ,have been thoroughly tested and proved satisfactory in the western part of the A Four-Wheeled Push Rake. United States.- The small hay grower, however, --need not make .a very heavy investment . In .new haying apparatus, for by rearranging the working of his crew and using a little more horse labor for the hard work he can add considerably to the efficiency of his crew. Here are some suggestions made by the specialists for avoiding of labor In haymaking. Do not run two or more mowers close together. If the front mower has any trouble that causes it to stop, all of the mowers usually wait while re pairs are made on one. There is a tendency, also, for drivers to waste too much time talking when they, stop occasionally to let the teams rest. A good practice when two or more' ma chines are used is for each driver REDUCE LOSSES IN SHIPPING More Careful Handling In Harvesting and Packing Spinach Is yrged by Specialists. ' ' Losses in long-distance sWp.slentfl of spinach can be greatly reduced by careful handling in harvesting and packing .together with effective re; frigeration in transit, according' to specialists of the bureau of markets of the United States Department of Agriculture. Decay and deterioration In transit caused by the development of slimy soft rot cause serious Jflsjsej, to shippers in some sections. "This decay develops rapidly la transit when temperature c'dndftions'j are favorable, say investigator -ef the bureau. "It starts:at places !where the leaves have been- bruised or wounded, uqd J,t very frequently fp lows attacks ,bUghJtAor ojtJejtJifie$. diseases. Other causes' of "deteriora tion in transit are yellowing and wilt ing of the leaves." Prelaw nanuling and shTpiiienr 'at' tf lo"T teHpWWuYtf nT largely tuses." rennce losses from thesfo the Stack. to lay off a "land" for himself and work independently, so there will be no interference from other machines. Do not turn hay by hand. It is too costly. The cheapest and most efficient way of stirring hay in the windrow Is with a two-horse tedder. One man with a tedder will do more work than 12 men stirring with hand forks. It Is not even necessary to have a man to run the tedder. A boy big enough to drive a team will do just as much work. A one-horse rake, operated by a man makes raking very costly: A two-horse sulky rake Is better, but the side-de livery rake is best. When curing Is done In the swath and a hav loader Is used, the crew can start taking rhe hay from the windrow as soon as the side delivery has male one double win drow across the, field. If the sulky rake Is used,, the crew will have to wait until the rake has gone several times across the field. In this matter the exteat of the haying operations has to be considered, of course. On very small farms the use of the side-de livery rake might not be economy. It is a waste of time to pitch hay onto a small hayrack on a high-wheeled wagon. Use a large hayrack on a low-wheeled wagon. ; Save Labor on the Stack. The push rake furnishes the most economical method of hauling hay to. tlie stack, barn, or hay press If the distance is not much more than one fourth of a mile. One man, or a boy, with .a good push rake and 'a team used to the work will handle three times as much hay as two' men with a small' rack on a high-wheeled wagon. .Stacking hay with a push rake and an overshot stacker mounted on wheels eliminates nearly all of the back breaking work of the ol.d pitchfork method.. With a yield ot one to one and a half tons to the acre, two men on the stack can easily handle all the hay brought in by three push rakes, accomplishing n vast saving In labor and hay over the pitchfork method. Another method not so good but still vastly better than the pitchfork method Is a stacker equipment with a double harpoon fork. The outfit can be made at home and will cost very little com pared with the labor it .saves, but harder work Is necessary i t o;.,.puj. nay on tne stacK man wuji tne over shot stacker. When hay Is to be baled from the field, one man by working in the after noon, can round up enough hay which has been bunched by, push rakes to keep the press going next morning until the dew is gone from tin hay in the windrow.-. Wtyerftlie hay is ot thus rounded "up hey crew wflf Irfse two hours or more on mornings when there .Uf',&! .'heavy tfew.V J; ' VCf '".' Carelessness In setting the press may result Injpss Qf Jab When thA pjess Is propwlyi 'set tw-o -then -et ' plenty of hay to It from the stack. When barrels .are. jisfid, .It Is. advis able to scatter crushed ice In several layers through the container,-a large layer being placed oil' top of tbtf'spfU ach next-to. the barrel head. Holes bored in theibottom.o .the barnel pro-' vjde drainage. .!.Shippvents In basket or crates carry best -with- a la"yerl,of crushed ice in. - the ;f enter' if thecon tainer aitd.;anoUief .layer ori'fop' df the spinarb just unden:the eoveY' ,J Watch- Breeding -Ploca-: m'shM Watch the breeding. floch canefull pfid isee'4hatMlre!.fawls't keep-In ftfod beedlng i condition. Prtlhe -birds niMl4fl ,la"lge'is,QalJ:o pyeserje UincleD' houses siraiHd besaniita;d'orBPe TH'at'tiflcAtbericaiil '"' " ' ' thejf arerfmot lnjtestett. wttii . lice- or Location of.Jrtert. HftDce. Generally the location of the poul- Lty .house has Jflych to djsithmUft effie encywk.oa,Mo-armMheottH ftftg is ftgjinidrWe .fiftM B?au3 AacagJ v aa 2J.ttt fucks will eat any kind of greetv feed, and should have a liberal euppfr. 3YPSIES FEEL WAR'S EFFECTS it Rumania They Are Said to Starving Slaves to Ancient Superstitions. Be Of the dozens of different races in Rumania, none Is more picturesque 8D the gypsies. Like their prototypes In other lands they rove the country In great caravans, earning stray pen Dies by begging, dancing, playing and telling fortunes. In the cities they sometimes earn their "bread and onions" .by shining shoes, peddling lemonade or acting as porters. The high cost of living, which has drawn tight the strings of every purse, has brought double hardships to these wanderers. No matter how well they play their violins, no. .matter what good fortunes they see In the stars for those about them, they find It hard to coax pennies' from the empty pockets of the war-oppressed Rumanian people. Many of them have starved to death. Among the gypsy women and girls are to be found some striking types of beauty. Dark of complexion and hair, with shining, long-lashed black eyes, they are a delight to look upon. They have not yet acquired the art of using cosmetic as their sisters in other countries do. Superstition plays a large part in the life of the gypsy. One of the many ancient customs which will sur vive among the women Is to beat them selves frightfully If one of their chil dren dies. They believe that the death has been caused by an evil spirit having entered the body of the child as well as the mother, and that If they chastise themselves the spirit will depart. One Rumanian gypsy woman whom a relief worker visited was apparent ly about to die from pneumonia.' The doctor found numerous bruises all over her chest, and these had seriously aggravated her condition. On questioning her he learned her bruises were due to a beating she had given herself because one of her eight . chil dren had died. . . Art of Conversation. Conversation reaches Its best when It leaves veils and convention behind It, when people speak face to face. It may be impossible to attain this with many ; In this perfect sense there are onty a few with whom we really talk, and.xe..mnot always talk even with them, it is, of course, always easy to exchange words, but may words may be "uttered and yet tfothing' have been said. There are moments when the veils Lare" tbrust. aside and the. closest In tercourse, becomes for a brief . tlm,e possible. It Is then that people talk of the one thing1 they- know best, of their own self, and the self's' relation to life's mysteries' ; .It is" then, and then only, that tve approach ttie absolute, the, true, though sjill.it may be only at a distance, . . , The. last 'reserve' between soul' and soul is rarely surrendered; and there Is always -the reserve, the limitation,, that lies in . the " nature- "of spoken words. -Arthur L. SaiihQn in 'Chicago Daily News, i Whale Hide for Tire. The leading novelty at the recent nutowiobile show - at-.Seattle," Wash.. nV'4i.tire. made from the hide of a VacTnc' coast" whale." Except tor J its pliable nature and a light red color none would . have suspec"ted52r? b.oing other, than the rubber. rodoct.-... : At the tannery where It. was turned out It was said that such tires can be manufactured at ohV-fotlflKStBCIMSC of those of rubber. The hides of shark; At ;fish and whaswcan be used. ''As' to the sup'plyof these'-Ushes It was assured auto owners that it Is InnvlinifllMWei I .:. J- M . ' Another assurance was given to the .doubting ones in that a: single whale I -sWn wilt-'prwauceiAvcr.ftW SWWiardJ tires. . The elk- are, in ganger of exermlna; I tlon, 10,000 head supposed to De In the Yellowstone havjrjg,. disappeared.V(TWs. seems to be caused by cattle men graz- lne'Jtheir Jierds, on areas, formerly oc cupied by the elk,' -which perish"'! treat numbtrsneq ,,uiey. nna tneit old'' pastures denuded.. uIfanchmen Id ifinhV rases have fed themJiav out of 'rilfv and , the", federal 'authorities ..'nave bought apd, stored Jjay in, the h6pjb'.6f reseVvingJlie bred. ftOe won ar.c ;not'rtuch Interested by these 'p'Iend! examples ;Pf ao'ma lljoe, so ..that . yip.. wiprnmpiii siiouiu. aio. suiuuiiii on wCCSty n.v.oinr; People., ;f j, " TITe best and" most hopeful feature In any people Is undoubtedly the. In stinct that leadathem to the couritrv to takd zw. jere, Wot yfa; HftDus mem. jiutKJUE ia,uijo iqwn nna stact jgn,, le., I.hej; tfe ,6'ribw UusMh(re it anrts ; and., ne.; .roore jarejalilown, by oiie(liisin!ior another 4ot!iona ana cities. John. Bur- roushs. FKECKLES tfawb tfca Tim W CM Rid mt Tbr' so )omxr th UchtMt ad ( fMltnc ubuntd at rear frwklee, M Otblae -doabl traartb fat lurtalMd to rameve tbM homair apota. . t, Blraply sat aa oanca af Otblee devbto ftrBtb from roar drosclat. and applr a llttla of It alcbt and marnlae tad ran aboald ooa aaa tbat ana tba wont fracklae hara bocua to dlaappaar. wbtla tba Ilebtar onea bava vaalabad antiralr. It la aaldona that mora tbaa oo oaaea la aaadad to eom pletalr clear tba akla aad sola a baaatUel alaar oomplasloa. . Ba eora to aak for tba double atraarta Otbiaa. aa tbla la aoid aadar soaraatao a( awaar back If It (alia ta remove fracklae. Knew What He Wanted. He Is a bright little patron of the branch library and knows well the books suitable to his age and grade. However, the more difficult and un familiar titles of the high school read ing lists for which he Is frequently sent sometimes stump him. "I want the three moKquiters,,, he announced hurriedly on his last visit "You mean the 'Three Musketeers,' " said the librarian, noting the list from which he was reading. "Maybe I do," he agreed promptly. Then he chuckled good humoredly. "Anyhow, they're both good drawers of blood," he added. Important to Mother Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for infanta and children, and Bee that It Signature GLyrZ&lL 'In Use for Over 80 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria WAS FAMILIAR WITH CHR0M0 ' Mrs. Newly Rich Somewhat Too Anx ious to Air Her Knowledge, and Her Ignorance. . Harvey Maltland Watts, a Philadel phia art critic, said at a dinner in Kit tenhouse square: "The Ignorance of the new rich In art matters is quite incredible. The wife of a new rich profiteer was buy ing pictures in a Walnut street shop the other day. After she had bought a number of costly pictures she Bald: "'Mow show me something a little cheaper for the back hall. It's dark there.' , - "The salesman brought out another picture. "'This, madam, he said, Ms only a chromo, and we could let you have It for nearly nothing.' "The new rich lady nodded In a sage way. 'Yes, of course,' she said,' 'Chromo Is a struggling and, obscure artist, and he can't expect to command good prices till he makes a populux hit, can be?"' . . .Proud of Her Daddy. Helen was playing out infront of her house Flag day and evidently had noticed the flags that were out In many of the homes. This same day hap pened to be her dad's birthday but she wns not aware of it until she hud been let in oh the bitf secret of a sur prise that was in store, for her dad when he came home for the evening - meal and that she wag not to tell any one about It. When given this Information she exclaimed, "Is today daddy's birth day?," :-' ; . When told that it was' she re . marked quite .decidedly, herjbig eyes getting larger, "Oh now I know why all the flags are out." Intelligent. Tou may not believe it, but we have this on creditable authority;;' A marine reported the loss of his gun. r "Was there any mark on It," asked the corporal, "by which you might recognize It?" , '.7.'Nd,"-I ttiiflk not," ayf5gre.-hief fija rine. ' "Sure"?" j'MveJf.emeaiibSirthW'iii; a name on it?" ''SprTngfleTdV'- TTltev Tertfesee Tar. tft'sJCifofg ahatimipito inake a tool of a dull me. WP1 11 imnyiiuniMMiMin Help xbuto Si lit lOtillJf- Sbfcfp, nourishment for body and brain' ? ; Wltb ri6verloadii and no tax upon the ,:o ' Ites the niitrion; of thfe field v ainsv anci it makes for better health i ;MM&to serve-an idlbreak- isi. - The next tim you buy calomel ask for alotabs The purified and refined calomel tablets that are nausealess, safe and sure Medicinal virtues retain ed and improved. Sold only in sealed packages. Price 35c. 16799 DIED in New York City alone from kid ney trouble last year. Dont allow yourself to become a victim by neglecting pains and aches. Guard against this .trouble by taking GOLD MEDAL The world's standard remedy for Iddney, liver, bladder ard uric acid troubles. Holland's National Remedy sine 1696. All druggists, three sixes. , Look for tba nam CoM Medal ea evorr beat and accept oo imitatioa No Soap Better For Your Skhi Than Cuticura See 25c, Qiataeat 25 aad SOc.'Talcaai 25c CABBAGE PLANTS l.OOO.OOff. June JW delivery. By mal, prepaid. Ballhead-, otba leadlns Ta.rlette, .100. 4Be; C0e, ll.ie; l,0e. S2.S0; 6,000, til. Cauliflower, Tomato an Aater, 100, (Oo. JCvery plant a ood one. W. J. MYERS, R. jt. MASSILON. OHIO. FOUND SILENCE ONLY REFUGE Under .the Circumstances, It Would Seem, Mrs."Pauta's friend Had Made Wise Decision. - Now, everyfeotiy in tdwn" knows that Mrs. Paula Platt'-fead-italkTog-of mak ing a visit to her married . daughter In Ohio. She had been talking about it for two years, but age pnd the nat ural timidity ojf a woman long a widow had postponed the" great event from month to month,-'until the neighbors began to wonder' .whether it would ever come to ppss,.,-,.- r-. - So one i niprning. .when ;,Uncle Tom Flitters met a friend of Mrs. Paula's, there was a twinkle lp his eyes as he asked: y-twr "When s''Mi-''I'auia''goIn' out ta Ohio?" .?:..'. : ; "Don't asB. irpe,f said the other. "I don't knoy nothln' about, it If I tell her to go,, jhe, says we all want to get rid of her ; and If I' tell her to stay at hom,e, she'kays 1 am mean. I ain't $ayitfa .w6rd fPhiladelphla Ledger. ? i i- j . iii r i 7 J . .' To B .Washed, "liit! 4q .qu , l,h,lnk vo the elephant. Bud?" "Gla.il I hvenjt got ears like that.';.,. i ' ' ' The. jnind of a man Is a powerful kj(j$dep over which he may rule only by conquest. 'n'jy.l '. i !'!: aa . . Bk Vi i . . A .