Newspaper Page Text
Crossville Chronicle. Crossville Times Tennessee Times Crossville Sentinel 1800 Crossville Chronicle 1894 Subscription, Per Year, in advance, $2.00; Six Months, $1.00 Advertising rates on application. Address all communications to the CHRONICLE PUBLISHING CO, Crossville, Tenn. Entered at the post office at Cross ville, Tennessee, as second class mat ter. AH obituaries, resolutions of res pfct, cards of thanks, etc, will be charged for at 10 cents a line; six words to the line. To be paid for strictly in advance. COURTS CONVENE Circuit CourN-First Monday in February, Jne and October. Chancery Court Fourth Monday in February and August. County Court Quarterly Term, con venes second Monday in January, April, July and October. Wednesday, February 8, 1922. PLEASE HELP I In this issue appears the second let ter on "To Make Crossville a Better Town." It is now the fourth week since the first article appeared and during the weeks that have passes the editor of the Chronicle has been do ing his utmost to induce those wlio . are known to have the interest of our town really at heart to write letters similar to the first and the one in this issue. Pactically- every person we have spoken to have promised to help, -but by some means they seem to lack the proper interest to furnish the letter we have asked for. The writer of the article in this issue has stated a very forcible fact when he says : "The editor's efforts will be in vain if we fail to take ad vantage of the opportunity he has given for the discussion of subjects that will be helpful." Please manifest .your interest in your town in the way of presenting methods for improving the condition of our town. It matters not if you have not been asked, we want your .views just the same. The editor can scarcely be expected to ask everyone, but lhat does not mean that we' do not want to hear from you. Come on with your ideas; put your best self into the work; help make our town what it can be and should be. BUSINESS OUTLOOK From the January monthly trade letter issued by the American Nation al Hank, Nashville, we quote the fol lowing as a very clear, concise and understandable statement touching present business conditions: "In a summing up of the business situation, out of a total of twenty five fundamental factors considered in this Report, it is found that no less than fourteen of these foe tors show improvement, nine show a decline and two record no important change. It is gratifying to note that the favor ably factors outnumber the unfavor able and among the improvements we find increasing pig iron production, heavier building operations an a larg er consumption of cotton and wool in manufactures." The three favorable factors noted, that of "increased pig iron consump tion, heavier building operations and larger consumption of cotton and wool in manufactures" are certainly the factors that speak most surely of gen eral business conditions. It lias long been concceded that i:o one article of consumption enters so largely into the life of the public as that of iron and for that reason iron is regarded as the surest barometer of business. Adding to this building, and the con sumption of cotton and wool, certainly gives the safest and surest index for the future business. Since the general view has been ma.iy times expressed that th ecpm ing summer and fall promises much encouragement from the conditions above stated When it is admitted that the pro posed bonus for the soldiers will en 1 tail upon the government that means the taxpayers the enormous extra, sum of one billion five hundred to five billion five hundred thousand dollars, 1 it will be seen that the question should be approached thoughtfully and care lully. Practically every person now urges the reduction of taxes to help for-i ward the" good times that all expect to see and hope are just "around the corner." But if such large additional i expenditures become necessary in or- . ... ... u:. , Knc u" lu - can ay one expect a reduction in I taxes. As a matter of politics there is 1 much agitation being indulged in by the democrats; that is to be expected, but it should be viewed with sence and reason by the public and accepted as shere demagogary and nothing more". There is not the slightest doubt that the bonus will be given the soldiers at no distant date, and it is pretty certain that the bill creating it will also pro vide the -means for meeting it by touching the pockets of the people where it will hurt the least. There should be less bonus ohibia and more common sence exercised. NO OCCASION TO FEAR ARTIFICIAL GOLD. Modern chemistry has shown that at least some of the supposed ele mental substances of the chemist, what he calls elements are in fact compounds. In all oidinary chemical processes these compounds behave like elements, but it is nevertheless possible by special chemical opera tion to show that they are divisible nto more simple substances. This discovery has revived to some extent popular belief in alchemy, and there nave been 01 late many suggestions in the press that gold may be artifi cially made and become so abundant as to destroy completely such utility as it may have as a measure of value and a basis of currency. It has even been stated that the late S. F. Emmons, of the United States Geologiql Survey, 'Depart ment of the Interior, claimed to ahve made synthetic- gold from silver dol lars many years ago .Mr. Emmons never made any such claim and the statement is absurd. No one has yet succeeded in making gold or in ob taining it from any other chemical element. The feat cannot be safely called impossible, but it is fairly cer tain that if any chemist should sue ceed in transforming into gold some substance that has hitherto been re garded as a ..simple element, the pro cess would be so difficult an dcostly as to make the gold far more expen sive that the natural metal. ltie silve-dollar story is probably based on the fact that the silver and copper of which our so-called silver coins are made do contain exceedingly minute quantities of gold quantities too small to be of any practical importance. U. S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior. WORTH REPEATING. Recently a friend sent us the little New Year greeting below. You may say it was too late for New Year greetings. Conventionally speaking, improvement . in business, it is reas onable for the people to take ?hat may be true, but remember this: It is never too late to say a kind thing to a friend until the time comes for "flowers and friends walk softly." For that reason we are passing this on in the hope that it may be as much pleasure to Chronicle readers' as it was to the Chronicle editor to receive furtlicrmone, it may be to late to "pass it on" when the' end of the year draws near; we may have passed on. Here it is : A NEW YEAR'S WISH A glad New Year and a sunny track Along an upward way, And a song of praise on looking back When the year has passed away, And golden sheaves nor small nor few, This is our New Year's wish for .you Francis Ridley Havergal. MICKIE SAYS THERE fc AlWWS fcttWESS PEP. TH' MAM VJWO GOES AFTER VT IMYELUGEMTLW OUR AWERTtSlUG COLUMNS 24 j Hew Vex J2r Capt. Peck's Weekly Talks to Farmers By T. F. Peck, Commissioner of Agriculture REAL CAUSE There has never been a time in the country when the farmer's products would exchange for solittle of other commoditites as is the case today. To get by at all, he has been forced to the most rigid economy, purchasing nothing that he could do without. He has been placed on the European level of consumption, and the -result is 1 closed factories, unemployment and bad conditions for all. If the farmers could have received as much for their crops in 1921 as they did in 1920, we coul dhave placed a flat embargo on all exports of man ufactured goods and have still found a market at home for billions of dol lars worth more than we did and thus have kept our factories running and have seen no more that the normal amount of unemployment. There is a large bunch of so-called political ec onomists who are shouting about the necessity of the United States going to the relief of Europe and aiding in its rehabilitation that we may have a renewed world market for our pro ducts though the stabilization of for eign conditions. Some of them urge the relinquishment of the debts due us from the allies, others urge the open ing of our doors to European goods without tariff taxes. The burden of their cry is unless the European mar ket revives prosperity cannot revive with us. Now, why not seek instead to re habilitate the American farmer whose normal purchasing power of American goods has always been greater by far than the entire foreign market? The purchasing power of the Ameri can farmer has been almost entirely eliminated during the past year. Dur i;ig the year that has closed, the value of all the products of American farms was eight billion dollars less than 111 1919, and three and one-half billions less than in 1920. Therefore, the farm ers had three and one-half billion dollars less to spend last year than they had the year before. Their lack 'of purchasing power will be felt in all avenues of trade until another har vest, when a decent price for their products, comes around. Is it neces- FALL CROP REPORT FOR THIS STATE Shovs Sh'-iTiUage in Value of More Than Half A Agaimt the Crop of 1919. According o G. L. Morris, Agricul tural Staticti:an, United States De partment of Agriculture, in a final ! summary for 1921, the value of 22 of the principal crops grown in Tennes see during the year 1921, shrunk, ap proximately, sixty-eight million dol lars as compared with 1920, and one hundred forty-seven million dollar shrinkage since 1919. In other words, the value of these crops was less than one-half that of 1919, and that, too,1 in the face of the fact that the pro duction of most crops grown in the state were equal and, in a number of inc ti nf as mnfli nrcrpr rhnn Trtin 1 ft , ,j v o , , a 111s, 10 acco , snows a consiuer- was $139,500,000. i 1920, $208,016,000, . ahe r'cduction in'acreaBe from two and in 1919, $287,78,ooo. ! years ago, though thracreage is some Despite the fact that one of the larger than was first reported One longest dr-ouths on record affected of the best crops in a number of years most of the state during the early was grown, niti on account of many growing season, the corn crop in the bad stands, the yield per acre is not same acreage was only about eight , so g00(j as jn some years. The mar million bushels short of 1920, and six-:et prjce ;s not established, and prices iuiui vaiuc ui mesne uiuus, 111 ni, leen minion more man me lyiy crop. The' price per bushel fo each of these years on December 1, was 52Cts., 1921 : 87 cts., 1920: $1.57, 1919. The acreage of cotton in 1921 was far below that of 1920, and consider ably below the 1919 acreage, but the yield bids fair to exceed either year. The prices paid on December 1 have varied. In 1921, 15.5 cts per pound; 1920, 13 cts. per pound; 1919. 33.5 cts. per pound. A like variation is noted in the price of cotton seed. The acreage and yield of hay have not shown great variation the past three years, and, where the early crop of 1921 was cut -short by drouth, this was offset bv an increased amount 1 of late hay. The price, though, has I declined he:avily, being $27 per ton in ; 1019, and S15.50 in 1921. ! There has been an increased acre- age in oats for grain each year for the 8,000 acres saved for grain. The crim ! past thee' years, and a corresponding son clover crop, for seed, remains, I increase in production. The price has practically stationary, j dropped one half. The same heavy declines as are I Tennesse almost dropped out as a ; found in farm products are noted in i peanut state in 1920, with only 6,000 live stock since 1919. acres, but this increased to good acre-j j age last year. The yield per acre' la t 1 year was much better than for several i years. Prices, though, have declined (50 percent. ! 1 Tift' acreage planted in white po- OF. HARD TIMES. sary to look for any other reason for the closing down of factories, for the limiting of production of manufactured goods, and for the widespread unem ployment f Manufacturers never dreamed of finding, in normal times, a foreign market for eight billion or for three billion dollas worth of manufactured goods. Yet they did have that mar ket right here in the United States in 1919 and 1920. That market was the millions who make their living on American farms. America is by long odds the world's greatest market. In clothing, for in stance, it is probable that the Amen can people consume more than all the rest of the world, and -farmers and their families and employes, const! tuting practically one-third of the pop ulation, consume more than any other one class. The income of the farmer has been more than cut in half. He has much less than half as much to spend as he formerly had. The worst of it is that the consumer -has profited in but small degree by the losses of the farm ers. the extravagant costs ot distri bution, built up during the war period and the "boom" aftre the war, are still with us. All dealers complain of the high cost of doing business as the reason why retail prices have not declined in proportion with the de cline of farm products, and why there is no reduction of the toll taken be tween the producer and the consumer of food products. The farmer has had to reduce the cost of doing business. Why cannot others do the same? If the costs oi distribution were back to the pre-war level, the farmers could get at least the prices for their products that they got in 1919, while the consumer would get farm products cheaper than they do today. Why cannot other busi nesses get down to earth as has the farmer? Why talk about rehabili tating a European market while the world's greatest market is right here, ready to absorb all that our factories will normally produce, if they will produce and dealers will distribute on something approaching the basis of pre-war costs and porfits. tatoes remains practically stationary, though on account of the drouth, the yield per aare last year was the low est in many years, being only 53 bu. The price remained fairly well up. Only a small amount of rye, for grain, is grown in this state, and, while the acreage has de'clined slight ly from what it was a few years ago, it is .considerably larger than it was twenty years ago. The acreage of sorghum, for syrup was less the past year than for some years. This was caused by the low price of syrup. A number of farmers cut their cane for feed rather than make it into syrup at a price which was only half as much as that of 1919. There has been a gradual increase j in the 'sweet potato acreage? of the ! state. This is due to increased plant ings in tew West lennessee counties where this has become quite an in dustry. An ever growing demand for this tuber throughout the north , h ,d . . fajr, n v - - . Sir Walter Raleigh's panacea for .,1. i i ;pjven are estimates. Tennessee s standing as a wheat state has suffered severely the past i few years. Extre'mely poo.' yields have caused innumerable farmers to entirely abandon the crop, until th acreage now, is but little better than a shaddow of farmer years. The acreage of barley, though small in this state, was some larger last year. Beans and broom corn remained the same. Buckwheat declined. The latter crop is grown, pricipally in Johnson county. Scattered patches are' found in a few other counties. The acreage of cowpeas for grain has been almost .staionarv for the past few vears. but is far below what was saved 15 years ago. Soy beans, while growing in favor as a hay a-.id forage crop have not yet reac'itit s.reit pro- portions as a grain crop. Only about While prices for farm porduce reached their highest point in 1919, wages for farm labor did not reach the pinacle until 1920. These prices took a tumble of 30 percent during 1921, and, where the average- monthly wage of $46, without board, and $JJ, with board, was reached in 1920, the past year saw these prices decline to $32, without board, and $23.50 with board, with a still further downward tendency. On account of late freezes, the crop crop of the state was sadly depleted. While the strawberry and blackber ry crops were good, apples and peach es, and pears were found only in a few localities. The production of these was the lowest for many years. The total acres devoted to the prin cipal crops of the state was 6,623,000 acres in 1921, compared with 6,768,000 ac s in 1920. Crop Statistics. The total value of twenty-two of the' principal crops grown in the fol lowing counties, is taken from the U. S. Department of Agruculture esti mate for 1921. Only ten counties are given begining with the largest: Montgomery $4,975,000 Robterson 4,000,000 Shelby 4,437,600 Dyer , 3.893.700 Tipton 3.366,300 Weakley 3,400000 Fayette 333.403 Lauderdale J. "2,700 . Haywcod 3.153.200 Gren 3.115.700 Following are the ten counties that produce the smallest value in dollars of these same twenty-two crops, in the order of their value. It will be noticed that this county stands third from the top: Clay ". $493,000 Hancock 460,000 Cumberland 388,300 Moore 348,900 Fentress 304,400 Morgan 270,600 Unicoi 191, 000 Grundy 186,500 Sequatchie 167,900 Van Buren 103,500 In the acreage sown to wheat last fall Washington and Sullivan coun ties stand at the head having sown 22,500 and 20.525 acres respectively. In the following counties the acreage was so small as to be recorded "but little." Following are the 13 counties so reported: Chester, Cumberland, Decatur, Fayette, Hardeman, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Lake. Lewis, McNairy, Scott, Shelby. The total acreage for the state is 505,000. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION ' AFTER AUGUST PRIMARY Effort of Noah Cooper to Place Limit on Campaign ' Expenditures Was Tabled. The state Democratic executive committee last week by unanimous vote went on record as opposed to a state convention before the Auguit primary election. The action came on resolution offered' by Lon P. Mc- Farland, member of the committee from the Fourth district. The resolution follows: "Whereas, the primary law in force n Tennessee requires that the nomi- ation of the Democratic candidates ' for United States senator and gov ernor and railroad commissioner shall : be made in a primary election to be held on the first Thursday in August of 1922, and it being the purpose and spirit of thsi law that these, candi dates shall be selected by the Demo cratic voters of the sta'e afetr a cam paign before the people. "Therefore, it is the sense o this committee that it would be unwise and undemocratic to ho'd a conven tion for writing a platWm of the' party until the issues of the campaign I 1. J! 1 1. . snan nave neen discus e . oy me can didates before the people in order that he delegates from the people may be fully and dulv advised o the issues before a platform cf the party give "So be it resolved bv.the commit tee, that the matte rf h''di"g a con vention of the Demorrpt'V party for writing its platform d Wred until after the August primary when a new committee unde the hw wi'l h" chosen but we suggest to tHs cornittec or its successor that a "VmoT'tfc con vention be he'd earlv ?n A'irust after the primary fir the rirrop of enun ciating a platform of pri-i"Vs or the Democratic party o whih to go before the state ii the November election." Women are to have emmr voice in ' the councils of the nrv the men. A letter from N"b Coooer, can- didate for United S'fte senator to succeed Senator Kenneh ") McKcl- lar, asking that carma-i expenses be limited to $2000 w re d and on motion was tabled FcniKe Henry DicWrson said he d:d he'ieve that candidate for United . senator cnttfd tour the state fhnt amount. Noah Cooocr aid K " . Patterson, candidates for United f,tr, senator; narvey nannan. Misnn rciy anu l,, E. Gvin, candidates for """-ei-nor: B. A. Enloe and Porter D-t '"-n. candi dates tT railroad commtViiner from West Tennesstt, were present. POPE CHOSEN. - i CardmaJ Achille Ratti, Arch Bishop of Milan, an Italian, was chooen pope Monday morning. He has taken the name of pous XI. He will be 64 years old March 13.