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THE STRIKE SITUATION CLEARLY, FAIRLY STATED Tb Strikers Have Defied the Govern raent end Failure of the Strike It Inevitable. 0 Altho 400,000 railroad shopmen struck on Saturday, July 1, and 400,- 000 maintenance-of-way workers threatened to walk out, the public is not greatly perturbed. There seems to be a widespread expectation that the struggle will be of short duration and will end in defeat of the strikers. The railroad executives express confi dence that there will be no serious interruption of traffic. Never since the advent of labor un ionism in this country has public opinion been so clearly out of sympa thy with a strike as it is in the pres ent instance. Apart from the growing disapproval of the general attitude of organized labor, there are two specific reasons for the pronounced disfavor exhibited toward the walkout of the railroad workers. First, Public opinion is satisfied that the action of the unions is based upon -nntfntinriQ without merit. The wage scale they have undertaken to main-j tain were established when the cost; of living was at its highest point; now-W that the cost of living is materially ;? 4 . 1 . . I : li 1 . ri 'rrlA 1UWCI IUC view 13 uiai ,u...v v: labor has no right to demand exemp-;i tion from the general economic ad justment, to which all other classes are subject. The $ajond and chiet reason ior tne crystallization of sentiment adverse to the strikers, however, is that they have deliberately defied and seek to nullify the action of an authorized tribunal representing the government and people of the United Mates. In this controversy there is, in fact, no direct issue between the unions J4 and the railroads. The government through the railroad labor board a W body created by and operating under : S3 a federal statute intervened in the dispute, and the board rendered ',S Aoricinn nn waces which is equally binding upon the companies and work- ers. Therefore, when the union cruets addressed communications to the rail-, road executives setting forth demands which must be granted to avert strikes i.,t unrtffrtnnW to evad ethe issue ! ' ... . and circumvent the law. A circumstance which has had pow- 1 fv crful influence in turning sentiment against the unions is the fully recog-iV nized jurisriction of the board when it increased the railroads' payrolls to 43 to the extent of $600,000,000 a year, J and repudiate its authority only when it reduces wages accordingly to the fc same principle upon which it raised Public opinion, which had always & been strongly favorable to the organ ized railroad workers, first swung against them in 1916. The change was 7 due to the action of the brotherhoods A,nAna nawaec of the Adamsoii SV bill a men sure ostensibly rectifying working conditions, but in ettect rais ing wages under tnreai 01 M tip un the entire portation system of the country in the ,.,. nf an inoendine war. President Wilson, then in the midst of a. cam paign for re-election, hastily yielded to the intimidation, and a partisan congress completed the surrender of the government to organized groups. When the railroads were turned back to private management in the spring of 1920 they came under the terms of the new transportation act, which substantially modified the stat us of the industry and the relation ships of the corporations, their em ployes and the public. This measure known as the Esch-Cummins law, re flected in its terms public insistence that neither with the carriers nor the ..u.aa remain tne Dower iu FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Rockwood, Tennessee. BUSINESS IS SENSITIVE: Going Where Invited; Remaining Where Appreciated. WE INVITE IT: Superior Service Will Show Appreciation. Bank with us by mail. Service, safety and satisfac tion guaranteed. Courtesy and fair dealings always. 4 paid on time deposit. T. A. WRIGHT, President, POLK TARWATER, Vice President, Wm. ENSMINGER, Cashier. Save Your Receipts IF YOU ARE NOT SAVING YOUR CASH RE CEIPTS FOR PURCHASES YOU MAKE AT OUR STORE, YOU MAY BE LOOSING DOLLARS OR CENTS, JUST AS IT HAPPENS. PLAY SAFE AND BUY EVERYTHING YOU NEED OF US THAT WE CAN FURNISH. THAT MEANS YOU ARE SURE TO GET SOMETHING BACK WHEN REFUND DAY COMES IT MAY BE DOLLARS AND IS SURE TO BE AT LEAST A FEW CENTS. THE CASH REGISTER RECEIPTS ARE DATED WHICH MAKES IT EASY FOR YOU TO KNOW IF. YOU HAVE ANYTHING COMING TO YOU PROVIDED YOU KEEP YOUR RECEIPTS. YOUR BUSINESS IS APPRECIATED HERE, AS YOU WILL SEE WHEN REFUND DAY COMES WHICH WILL BE ANNOUNCED THE FIRST WEEK IN AUGUST. F r drilling test holes and watt wells see J. H. Graham, Pomona. 4-5 Mrs. C. E. Snodgrass left Sunday for McMinnville to visit her daughter,. fr Palo Tavlnr f r irA fo- mj .v ..... "VJ 4119, J - lor are the happy parents of a baby Plentv of Waterman fountain oen ink at the Chronicle office. Mrs. Mary Akins and son, Arthur, and dautrhter. Lavette. of WinesaB returned Friday from a visit to Ok mulgee, Oklahoma, where they had been visiting Mrs. Akins' father, G. V. Wehh. and other relatives. Thev report having a nice visit and a jolly wrs. AKins VVvatt. who , .1 vfnt witn mem. reiurneu uiret-i in was tnat t ie rauroaas accepieu mc , - . ,, , decision of the board, just as they did !,er home ,n New ork- that which raised wages two years Arthur Keyes was here tor tne weeK ago. On Thursday, the board made a end from Coalmont to visit with his final effort to avert a walkout, sum- two sons and other relatives. He re- moning both sides to appear. The turned to his duties Sunday. shopmen s representative ignored the . A h rate q Tan,ac sa. members of the board to issue incendiary arguments to employes in favor of striking against a de cision of the board. The giving of advise of this kind has hereto fore been left to outsiders, who are not under the otticial obliga tions imposed by the transporta tion act, the main purpose ot which is to prevent railway strikes and protect the public from their dire effects. Tuesday, July 27, the head of the shopmen's unions, in ostentatious dis regard of the board's rulings, sent a long telegram to the railroad execu tives announcing that the strike would Degm on saiuraay, juiy 1, in juui- - ,u, r ance with the vote of the men. unless' 8ood. ,mc- Another of ,1,.;-,o.i. an,.r. aaugmers, miss jane has flouted," declared the chairman of the board, "the government tribunal charged with the duty and responsi- hilitv nf invpsticatinir this matter not only in the interest of the public, but Ga., is the guest of Rev. and Mrs in the interests of his own organiza E. Newton for this week Hons and of the carriers. He has shouldered the responsibility and the board will pursue the matter no fur- it is estimated the grand total win reach 24,000,000 bottles at the end of the present year. Craig's Pharmacy. Mice P.liraheth Lvon. of Atlanta. K, Doara win pursue ine inauer 110 iui- H - , : ther." What action the maintenance- a nuason- WANTED 500 good stock ewes; will pay highest market price. Hale of-way workers will take has not been finally determined. On every side there are heard ex oressions of condemnation for the Although a powerful reconstructive tonic, Tanlac contains no narmtui in gredients, minerals or opiates, which are so often found in other medicines. 1 1 -z .1 :i 1 tu 1 . t. nn ttmrefnr hp taken bv delicate icaucrs Ul llic laniVMU men. mtj 11 ban mv.w.w.. - t charged with unexcusable law defiance children with splendid results. Lraigr and with recklessly leading their fol-, Pharmacy. iuwci 3 m ituni .- Tucige S. tj. tsrown, 01 mnens, w ments are based upon the impression ffom priday t0 Saturday after that the calling and the ending of a;nn vi,;Hnff with relatives and friends He returned to Rockwood Saturday' n noes ;unHav with his brothers. He an . l.ij:.. at TTinnratnn thl9 start or avert a walkout. This, ot course, is not true. Such actions are, strike ire matters within the discre tion of powerful union chiefs that a mere order from the executive can HnrirlrH hv hallnt of the members 1 But the trouble is that to the vast majority of union members the su preme function of such an organiza Mrs. R. L. Fisher, who was in charge of the county dormitory and dining hall during the late institute, left Mondav for Wilder. It was nopeu preme function ot such an organiza-, FUher could be engaged as tion is to torce wages nigner, ana inei - v .,, tnr ru. rotn. one means of attaining that object is matron of the J"r? J1'"; the strike in school year, but it now seems The whole policy of these bodies probable she will not return for that lllaS!d,:S IL" men at $1.75 a I ricir uumiicii iiidciiuiciv 15 ucaiKiicu : tt -. -- . - - BUY! KEEP! SAVED. WATCH THAT MEANS CASH Craig's Pharmacy I trans- i f Maryville College Founded in 1819; co-educational ; 815 students, 503 in the College, 312 in the Preparatory School; 323 came from 34 states and countries outside of Tennessee; 86 instructor and officers; 15 large buildings; campus of 2w acres. 104th year begins September 12, 1922. ..... . t, The College provides courses of the highest standards leading to the deirree of B. A. Fifteen units required for admission to the Freshman Class. Other departments: Bible Training, Teachers,- Home Economics. Pre Medical Music, Art, Expression and Public Speaking, and the Preparatory School Care u moral discipline. Physical Training and Athletics Tu tion, $24 a year; room rent, with steam heat and electric light, aver ages $38 a yeaT ; board, $3-50 a week. Average for all college bills for the Setf CLINTON 'H.G'fflNGHAM. D R..U.r.r. M.ry.iU, T.-n...e. to that end. There is no provision for reducing wages. As a result, the lead er who would undertake to accept a reduction without resort to strike would swiftly be deprived of his place. In the present case the leaders are not deluded as to the hopelessness of the fight, but there is nothing for them to do but to make it, because the undertaking has been ordered by bal lot. Under all the circumstances, it may be said that the situation was beyond thee ontrol of individuals, and that there was no way of preventing a inning of the strike. Hut that it will lasr is not believed. The striking workers have made an issue which, in the nature of things, must be settled promptly. For essen tially they have challenged the au horiy of the United States government The labor board is a tribunal created by law to decide these questions; and while it i nrtt cmnowfrtd to enforce its judgments, it is the one agency au thnriTPrt tn declare them in the name of the nation, and unquestionably it will he harked with the full DOwer of the government as it is by the over whelming weight ot puDiic opinion. Philadelphia worm American. COL. B. A. ENLOE DEAD. day, houses free to men having fam ilies. Also sawmill help. Apply n person to L. E. Vest, Devilstep. S-3itf. Ruth March arrived from Sevierville yesterday to pass some time here with friends. Her father, Frank March, was on his way to Nashville on busi ness for two weeks as she accompan ied him this far. City Recorder U. S. Rose was un able to be at his office yesterday be cause of being slightly indisposed. LOST One pair of gold-rimmed spectacles; lost on Main Street. Re turn to Chronicle office and receive one dollar reward. J. J. Wilkes left the first of the week for Monterey where he will be engaged in developing a coal mine and pushing the fertilizer business of W. E. ReadyHe turned the city light plant back to Reed Mercantile Com pany before he left. J. W. Buttram has been confined to his room for a few days with piles. Clay Rose left yesterday morning for Rugby, Scott county where he will visit a few days with Mrs. Mat tie Post and her daughter, Miss Mary who are passing their vacation there with relatives. WANTED TO BUY Sheep at the . . . ... ... . hiorhest market price. See Henry u o a k 7-,. Turner, Crossville, Tenn. Nashville, Saturday, after a brief ill- ' a ' 1 j f rsti'A nrri anil . . - i. 1 J; jvir. aiiu j.vj.13 v-uun-a nebs, rur duuui iwcivt jau it ; . c. . n -i j cniiurcn ariivcu uuiu been cnairman 01 tne siaie naurvAu for a brief v,sit here Commission and Public Utilities Corn-, parents Mr and Mrs. J. S "lulvvi v...., 1 anrt mnpr relatives. 1IH1UU3 anwu'u - suspend transportation serv.ee in order ,. . . :mmediately ap- to. impose arbitrary demands or pou- interstate commerce com i.c Tt created a body known as the Pe.a'f to. ln " . fn raU(. freieht Kri States railroad labor board, m.ss.o T nrovide ;th the function of hearing and de . HicnntPQ which the com niissiuii iwi , and passenger rates so as to provide .itinnai rpvpnuc and an order was termining disputes which the com- .ssued fa .reasing those rat. names and the men had failed to set v v .. - , m mc spin's J . ' .. . ,e- . . a - : rnctc were receding the railroads Altho it receivca no uunu s . with her Garrison, time would have ex- 1 XT 1 1 1 1 A . nounced that because of his failing; LOST-One iS-jewel, open face , El- 11 1 health he would not be a" candidate gin watch Wednesday, between uaa- .l- h.fnr. thoi. ' .j t.: it rlvs Creek and Ozone. Five dollars federal labor board. Hearings began be elected at the coming November j reward for return to this ottice. in Chicago on March 0 ana enaea on.ciect,0n. April 29. Three decisions were rend ered. On May 228 the board an nouncd a Cut of $48,000,000 a year from the pay of the 400,000 mainten or..nf.mnu workers. On Tune 6 it no power to en- ing costs were receding tne ra.iroaus j . . duction o nearly $60,000,- force its decisions, and altho a strong- fell nto?':, .000 in the annual wages of 400,000 shop FARM BUREAU MEETING. 5 X3t beef Mjmj. W. burden o ho intpnt Of tne law Was lO Mic an. . " - - iatnev which would provide means which the workers were ably repre the euhabk adjustment of labor , sented, the board ordered a 12 percent troveref andthus prevent stop- reduction, effective July 1, pace of transportation. Uenting an annual saving to the rail The unions accepted the law, and roads of $400,000,000 a year. straKhtwS -made application for Meanwhile the increased schedules 2a KaieT in addition to those of freight and passenger rates had not Thaf haTbeen made during the period produced enough additional "venue to og government control. Upon the meet operating expenses and pay the gfound thaTthe cost of living had dividends which the governmen, . gruuuu . . T . nj...rntA when it assumed tne continued to rise, me uu ... "- :.. . rpvpnues of the clerical and station forces. Added to the ?4oo,ooo,ooo cut of last year, these will have potatoes to sell are urged to be present. Indications now are that tne price a tne s-4oo,ooo,oou .ui vi w -: indications now are inai ine pn reductions represented an aggregate of tor notatoe will not be less than $535,000 000 a very large sum, but still d0nar a bushel and very likely more leaving to the men $65,000,000 of the,than that Owing to the outlook for $600,000,000 increase given nn 192a I the p0iato crop this year being un The vital point is that the board ap- usually good, this would be an oppor plied in theses cases identically the tunc time for pooling the crop as the same principle it applied two years quality is practically assured of be- atro Uoon the grouna ina mc iuji mg veiy nign. mai womu pui mc T wnntH not take $1,000 for what that wonderful Tanlac medicine has done for me," said Mrs. Mattie Lutes, of Lexington, Kentucky. Sold by Craig's Pharmacy. PEAVINE r u. : oecmiwl the aero, upon me gruuuu ' " "n j ate when it assumea meiB .r a aaa tf. . : ,: rtinn ; nnc;tinn cominuea xo m, ' ------- . . ,...,- nt the ot living naa aovinwu, .1 -v. 8iuUj ... ... - Hv,...w.. 1920, granted increases of more than power to fix both the revenue " , the payroll; and upon the to urnish high grade stock with ease aopercent aggregating $600,000,000 a railroads and the wages they snou,0j0,und that the cost of living had re- and thereby enable our farmers to get year. P3?- . ( phases ceded, it has now ruled that there into the market next yar with more IlldllCI v - c1 There will be a meeting of the coun ty Farm Bureau, at the court house, OOO In tnC annual ndgvs v hw(ww 0aw gaiuiua fc uue v wiwva .w jij.4j men. On June 16 it ruled that ther; advisability of pooling the potato snould be a decrease amounting i crop of tne county tms year. All who Ct, H.r anH an Fred. $26,00,000 annual in the pay ot tnewil, havc potatocs to seU are urged ! ""'.Hai with Mr.,: 1'ora Steveni Seward Stevens, who has been quite ill is much better a, this writing. Leonard Potter was in this neigh borhood the Fourth. Jeff Goss spent Saturday night and Sunday with Morris Burnett. Lee Adams was in this vicinity last week. J. E. Patton spent Sunday at the home of Lewis Jestice. Mr. Charles Hall, of Rockwood, and mu I.ennis Burnett were auietly ground that the cost of living naa re- and thereby enable our larmers to gei . . the home o Walter Morg- ceded, it has now ruled that there int0 the market next yar with more ''J,' lju Rev Crayne said should be, corresponding wage re- CMe. . Jmadev them husband and wife. They expect to make their future home in Rockwood. All their friends wish them a long and happy 1 h awarn was ucu t..v. -r . . ... , . - .:t, anv r;A en far that they accemu- " - ...C:u 1.-..-0 the merits OI me vac, .i..v.i. j nv --- ; - , Hurt ion Ot $535AXXJ0OO, wnitn - ' "--f Klard to its financial effect upon the , ted business h ndheJ ; Sed tietargeTcretsei granted CHAMBER COMMERCE MEETING iiroads: the evidence showing that was a general demand hat they be ffnvefnfnent control. eh cost of living had advanced, the reduced. The result was m """i"" 0 ... cas the labor inclv the interstate commerce m eacn 01 tne wirce v?ge, mt.-. Hricnn of the : mmmission ordered cuts reducing the. ine members, three representing the J railroads' freight revenues about $400, rSrSSf the the workers and three 000,000 a year, thus wiping out the ?e pl !nd o one questioned it saving made through the wage re Bl when, added to the fomer wage duction o July 192, Wroaces. it out upon mc nc . ..... was bitten twice copperhead snake o . 1 1 incnus W1911 iitcui a In each of the three cases the labor , The chamber of Commerce is called , wedded life. .......Matltui on the board filed a .., tnniaht WHndav) at fi !QO If.. Un,.,irA ICVIMVU.. . ... ... ---c ' J ' - 1 iVAls. .um ..vnaiu dissenting opinion, and on tne iasi m. o'clock m the court house. All mem-1 on the foot by a copperhead snake casion went so far as to aov'se the are urged to De present as there while in the garden picking peas Sat workers to resort to a strike, where- wilj be important business to trans- j tirday. She is getting along nicely. .. . nf the rail- ... n.i..-. :tt v.-i . - i . . . . ivi-- in this . ., 1 i roads ana tne puu'K neariny wcicuiucu aim arc uiviicu iu , aiieou. 1 T. E. MEASAMER. Sec. Mr. and Mr. Prrv Howard 2nd family spent Sunday at the home of T. D. Burnett. July to. Violet.