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T<> the Edit ir of the Mountaineer.
8i?: ? I 1 o:?ru thai it is charged against tiic Committee who reported the Address ami Uesoltiliniuj on the 7lh inst. as a culpable omission, that they have not set: forth the fact that Mr. Van Bur en snp-j parted a Federal candidate for President: (.Mr. DkWitt t'i,iXTu.\) in 1812, against i Mr. Madison, a peace candidate against; the war candidate. If such had been the' fart, the Committee would deserve some , censure, as they professed to give a full' ntiil impartial vi.-w of tho claims and tie-: i merits of lot'i the present cuiulidatcs.? j Rut the truth is, thai the charge against1 IVIr. Van Dtircn, like most of otliors which have been brought against l:i:n,' turns out to be a pure fiction. It is not, true that Mr. Clinton was the Federal can- j ilidatc, or the peace candidate. lie was I the known head of the Republican party 1 in New York, after the death of hi" rola-\ tive, George Clinton, and was nomina-1 ted with extraordinary unanimity by that party in the Legislature of New York, j within a short time after the nomination ! of Mr. Madison by the Republican mem- j bers of Congress at Washington. Roth 1 events took place before the Declaration i of War. Mr. Madison was nominated by j 82 members of Congress on the iStii May, 1812, and Mr. Clinton by 90 out of 95 1 -" xt v..i. Republican memocts ot wie i?w iutK Legislature on the 29th May. An account of both will be found in the 2nd vol. of Nilcb' Register, 192?235. I copy for the information of your readers, part of Mr. Niles' account of the latter:?"Aj meeting of the Republican members of the Legislature of New York was held in the Capitol at Albany on the 29ih inst.? The whole number of Republicans in the j Senate and Assembly is 95, of whom 91 were present. Gen. James W. Wilkin of the Senate was unanimously called to the Chair, and Alexander Sheldon, Esq., Speaker of the House of Assembly, appointed Secretary. A motion that the *# * 1 ' o cnn. meeting snouiu pruuecu iu iiuim<.?^ ? didate for the Presidency of the United States was approved by 87 voices. It was then proposed that DeWltt Clinton should be supported for that office, and determined unanimously, after some debate, in which Gen. Root was the only opponent, who retired before the question was put." After staling the appointment of a Committee, Mr. Niles proceeds:?" This remarkable unanimity is well calculated to increase the high confidence already re posed in Mr. Clinton in many parts of the Union. Partaking liberally of the spirit and firmness of his illustrious relative, our late revered Vice President, with a highly cultivated mind and polished manners, his pretensions, supported bv the State of New York, are truly respcc-! table. He is said to possess those qualities in a stipereminenl degree that distinguished his uncle in the exercise of his Executive functions for so many years; and he would, in tho opinion of those who know him best, fill the Presidential] seat with much honor to himself and be- j H C.ioK io flio Ion.) ueui 10 ins cuuiui^. uuui i? w.w .... . guoge of the veteran Niles, then and always a leading Republican Editor, who goes on to say, " It is probable that some who denounce the caucus at Washington will approve that at Albany; and vice versa. One nomination is just as legili-1 mate as the other; and the right of either! uniting to select and name a candidate willi not be reasonably questioned." Of the Legislature which nominated i\lr. Clinton, Mr. Van 13urcn was not a member. He took bis scat in -the Spnate, for the first time, in November following, and lu?d no ! agency in the nomination, nor in urging! the claims of Mr. Clinton afterwards, al- j though lie may have voted for that ticket. | The nomination of Mr. Clinton was in j express and avowed opposition to the | caucus nomination by members of Con- j gress at Washington, which was consi-i dered a dangerous usurpation: and instead 1 of being regarded as the Federal peace' candidate, the Committee for the city of: New York in their address of Aug. I7ih, j 1812, urge his election as " a relief from | the evils of an inefficient administration, | and an inadequately conducted war.?: From his energy we anticipate vigor in 1 ? -?* ? -1 -1 - -?? ' - - .1 tltoiiArttflii in 1 !io ! war, auu a ucivruhncu nuim-iti ...? , relations of peace." As a further proofj tTiat Mr. Clinton stood very high in the Republican ranks, Gen. King, as the cnvoy of the party in Massachusetts, pro* ! posed to his friends in New York, that if; he would withdraw his claims at that limef 1 they would support him for President at j the next election. This evidence abundantly disproves the ! Assertion that Mr. Clinton was either a Federal candidjgsft or a peace condidate. The Comuw*#'of the Administration meeting hare omitted to notice a charge against Mr. Yan Buren, which they should hare disproved: That he was the advocate of the Force Ilill, and sanctioned the Proclamation. * Of this no evidence, either verbal fir written, has ever been produced: and,*! feel assured none can be produced. ^ That he was the \dvocate of; the Force Bill is impossible, because he j was then a private citizen in New York.j wholly unconnected with the Administra-1 lion. The Proclamation was issued 011 Ui? Ifliti Dec. ISI12. and the Force Bill ' was signed on the 3rd March, 1833.? From the lime that Mr. Van liurrn returned from his mission to England, in the spring of 1832, until he look his scat as President of the Senate, in Dec. 1833, there rs not a title of proof that he had any agency whaievcr"in the measures of the Administration, or that he was even in correspondence wit!) it. If he lias hall he nrttder.ee aj:d sagacity f;i y]i;ch tv?n * . * . Ms enemies give him credit, he was not likely to go out of his way to volunteer u opinions on important measures, the ten- ]i dency of which was well calculated to i] render the authors of them unpopular.? h But who are the allies of those who now I denounce Mr. Van Btircn on the bare suspicion of having approved those measures? t .Mr. Webster, who huzzaed on the issuing j; of the Proclamation; and v.ho, with Mr. t Clay and Mr. Rives, strenuously support- a ed the Force Bill, as a measure which c must go forth with the Compromise Act, t to vindicate the supremacy of the Federal c Government against the puny assaults of t the Nulli fliers. Verily these gentlemen c exhibit an admirable facility of adapting t ihcir means to the cud. i CORRECTOR. t ( The Paris correspondent of the N. Y. Com. Adv. gives us the following as the programme of operations contemplated by the revolutionary war party in France.? It is somewhat extensive, to say the least, t Insurrection of Ireland and recognition ( of its independence?Excitement of Scot- 1 land to obtain its independence?Reac- ! tion of the English Chartists against the t aristocracy?Emancipation of Canada? i Succor to the Creeks in obtaining the1 < | Ionian Islands, to strengthen Greece by I | the conquest of Albania, Thessalv, &c.? | ; Recognition of Mchcmct Ali as sovereign i I of the Ottoman Empire bounded by the i j Bosphorus, the European part to be divided between Greece and llungnry ? Alii unce offensive and defensive with the Uni- I ted Slates, whose mercantile marine would i J he treated with reciprocity in all the 1 French ports?Cession of one of the ports 1 of Algeria to the United Slates?Alliarce I of the same nature with Holland, which i is to have Hanover awarded to it and the ? recovery of the island of Ceylou and the Cane of Good Hope?A similar alliance with Portugal, under an engagament not | to make peace with England until the I coast of Malabar be restored to the house I of Braganza. The same alliance with i Spain, upon condition of restoring Gi- I braltar to that power. Letters of marque i to he given to all ship owners who will ap- I ply for them, and free admission of all 1 these privateers into the French ports, in- I eluding those of the colonics. I 2nd. Acaixst Russia.?Insurrection of i Poland and Lithuania. Diversion by < means of the Circassians and the other i Caucasian tribes. An appeal to the pro- i vinccs of the Danube and Dnieper to proclaim their independence. Offensive and ( defensive alliance with Sweden, on con- i dition of making no peace until Russia i shall have restored Finland. The alii- * ance of Mehemet with Persia, on condi- ] lion of Mchernct's assistance in recovering the part of Armenia which Russia has i seized. ( 3rd. Acaixst Austria.?Call on the t Gallieians to declare their independence. < Insurrection of the Lontbardo Venetian'i kingdom, Illyria and Dalmatia. Rccog-I; .1.. 1_ _r ft1. UlllUfl UI llic luur jiL'liuuutu t/i n uu?ai > , c to which would be ceded the Northern part of European Turkey. The South being allotted to Greece. Transylvania in revolt to be joined to Moldavia and Va- 1 lachia or to Hungary. Insurrection of Italy if the princes of its states refuse to join France either actively, or indirectly i by affording free passage through their j territories, with guarantee of liberal in- t stitutions to their subjects. i 4th. Against Pp.rssiA.?Insurrection ol j the Rhenish provinces and the giand duchy j f of Posen. Alliance with Saxony gunran-jt teeing at the same lime the restoration of I the provinces usurped by Prussia. Alliance with Denmark on the same condition, g Recognition of the independence of the I Swiss Neufchatel. t 5thly. Neutralities.?Some inferior s slates of the Germanic confederation in- t jured by the capture of the Rhenish pro- s vinces on the left banks, by France, would be indemnified, provided they were lieu- c tral. The indemnification to arise out of t ntlwr nnnnnpek Bavaria and "VVirtcmbirg would, it is ? expected, not dare to refuse to join France, or at least to remain neuter, wiih the gra- a cious permission of the revolutionists.? [ fur the other states they are deemed un- a worthy of notice. As to Swilzci land, its r neutrality is considered a matter of course, c On the other hand, the continental,.sovereigns have not been idle. There lias a been a movement among them which be- t trays a determination to act with firmness r in this matter, and perhaps to taltc the c menaces of France into consideration as they deserve. Russia has sent the Gov- t emor of Bessarabia, Count Woropzow, n to the court of Berlin, on the subject, f with special instructions from the mouth u of Nicholas himself. Froiy Berlin he y proceeds to Dresden, where tho King of I Prussia is also expected. The choice of a this gentleman as the Russian ambassador j1 is not without importance. The Count has pc.sonally directed the armaments of," Russia for several years past itt the South- j a ern part of that empire. lie was accont- ' panicd to the court of Berlin by the Ba- \ ron de Fiquclmonl, who is now returned | f to Vienna, where he is to take the direc-;i tion of the war department. Konigswirth in Bohemia, the country seat of Prince i. .i,? r ( iUClll'rilir.llt iz> me Jiiacw; ui J til Ji /j* uus i#l ^ the ambassadors on the ruling question of p the day; but the Prince received an invi- s lation to meet the King?pf Prussia at the i r court of Diesdon. It seems quite clear ( that the kings have been on the mote in s all quarters. I have already announced the visit of King Leopold to London, for s the very obvious reason of ^providing c against tlic contingency of revolutionary c war, ie ' ? * '* The great queslioff for solution was ] ,-helher the European monarclis would to-11 grate the menaces of Franco, and whe-: < her they would give her time to increase j i er revolutionary force, or ?ip it in the < md. 1 have conferred with some scores ofj< he soberest and gravest of the French i leoplc, both in this city and in the coun- i ry about four leagues off, where we have i summer residence, and without a.single ] xecplion all nrc for war, and for the ex- < ermination of the English. These belli- ( oes gentlemen, without excepting even lie fair sex, s>em to have tliree grounds , >f action. Hatred to . t)i#-'lier?es of Wd- I crloo?a ftjs^uuoHary npifvt jigainst : nonarchy in ^tuorhl, and a (iWermina- I ion to (Icstrdr-lhe commercial siiprema:y of Great Britain. From the Milledgeville (Ga.) Federal Union. incendiary documents. Wc invite tlte attention of the public to lie following letter of the Governor, adJressed to the Hon. Selh M. Gates, a Whig member of. Congress from the State of New York, who has impiously attempted to insult.the People of Georgiaby forwarding to their chict Magistrate uo- j cumcnts from Abolition Societies in England and elsewhere, the nature and import of which requires that they should not be either circulated or published in the Stair. . . The Standard of Union justly remarks: ?''The answer of Gov. M'Ponald to Giatcs, reflects honor upon himself, and the proud and. gallant State over which lie presides. It speaks a language that ivill be responded to by every true-lienrled Georgian, and which warns the fanatics of the consequences of attempting to consummate their foul objects." Executive Department, Ga. > Milledge'ville, Sept* 10, 1S40. $ Sre: an address to the Hon. George R. Gilmer, tny predecessor in oflicc, from a I*.. ALJiilnn Onniinnlirin forivnrdnd lUJ trigKi auuiiuuu v/vnvkiiMVM) .v. under your frank as a member of the Congress of the United States, has been received at this department. It was soon followed by another package, containing resolutions of the Convention, addressed lo the same gentleman, but superscribed lo me. The superscription ol' this package s in the hand writing of that of I lie first, which leaves no doubt that Georgia is inlebted lo a Whig member of New Yoik, for both. The audacious attempt of a foreign Convention, to interfere with the free inercoursc between the States of the Union, s equalled only by your insolence in forwarding a copy of the proceedings to this Department. This is a subject which with the object ntended to be accomplished by it. admits >1 no argument; and all who seek to agiate it, and carry otit the above purpose litber by courting foreign alliances, or lie use of other means, siftill be regarded ind treated as public enemies, outlaws uid traitors. * . I am, 6cc. CHARLES J. M'DONALD. Hon. S. M. Gatks, New York. WHY EVERY DEMOCRAT SHOULD VOTE FOR VAN BUUEN. Because, from a poor, friendless, and maided boy, who labored . during bis ,-outh as a hireling on a larm, lie rose 10 lie highest office in the world, by his own ncrits, end by his own exertions?thus iroving that no mailer how poor n man nay be, in this country, he may rise to he highest distinction, if he pleases, by lis good conduct and intelligence. Because, from his earliest youth he has pine for his country with zeal and energy. U1 the principles of (he Democratic pary, have ever found in liirn a supporter nid champion; while nil the federal gull raps and falsehoods have been by him as itaunchly and as effectively opposed. Beeauscj: although the unceasing object if federal .'virulence ui.d rage, they have iccn unable to detect one blot in his pubic character,"to mingle admiration or to [ratify ha*red.' Because, he has always raised his voice gainst the onward strides of the money lower. Because, he has never hesitated bout avowing himself against the inadicss of the Abolitionists, and as utterly ipposed to all their schemes. Because, lie has never shrunk from an rowal of his political crcad. Bis loiter o Shcrrud Williams and his uh??|? l:isto-[ y prove, that m: is fillen into second I hildhood. - : Because, during threatening difficulties j ictwccn this country, and England, lie nannged tho affair so patriotic-like and so earless of coiiscrpicnees; that his own er.c- < uies, placed, by.their own votes in Con. i ;r?ss, ten millions of dollars at his dis- I tosal, the' sinews of expected war, and i uthorized him to raise an army of fifty liousaud men! ( Because, in all his public transactions, 1 io vole of censure was ever preferred '< gainst him; on account of neglect, mul- < l no .in cc, or uriiciuuri. Because, having risen from naked poverv himself, lie is the lit representative of ^ lie poor Laboring-man and mechanic. Major F.alon one of the members of,j jien. Jackson's first (cabinet, and alter- j yards Minister to Spain, has taken the ( tump in opposition to Mr. Van Btiren's e-clcction. A correspondent of the (Jlobc | under dale of Columbus, Obio, Sept. 10) ays ISight before last tlic Major made a short pccch in the log cabin of this city. Not ( on lent with a singk; display, he remain- j, d in town during yesterday, and in the retting, made a set address at the war ket-housc. His effort was its devoid of ' truth as of candor, possesing very littla < if either ingredient. I can give you but iheTieads of his discourse. He denounced Van Buren as an ambitious dema-; jogue; declared lie had formed an unprincipled coalition with Mr. Calhoun. lie inveighed against Mr. Poinsett's plan for !he organization of the militia?attributed t to a desii^ upon the part of Mr. Van Buren to revive the sedition laws?advo?i cated a high protective tariff, and said the country would never enjoy prosperity without one?he applauded a United S'tates Bank! Yes, John II. Eaton actually declaimed, long nnd loud, in favor of it National Bank! lie pronounced the Sub-Treasury a modern Pandora's box", calculated to scatter evil and distress throughout the land. In a word, the gentleman went the whole figure in favor of all the odious principles of Federalism, and against every doctrine and measure for which the Democracy have been contending during the last forty years. But my tale is not yet told. Whilst Major Eaton was thus addressing the Whigs, a portion of them seized the opportunity thus afforded, and STOLE HIS NEGRO SLAVE. Don't stare. This is fact, undeniable, , incon trover table truth. Yes, whilst this Southera Whig was discoursing to his Northern allies] ..vtTic of them, knn wn as Abolitionists, took the occasion to rob him of his property! His negress, upon whom he set high store, was induced to abscond, and is probably now in the vicinity of the Canadian line. The Abolitionists have regular transportation lines through the heart of the Slate, for the purpose of facilitating the progress of run-away slaves. Perhaps at this mo. j ment the Majoi's slave may be in the keeping of Andrews, the Federal candidate for Congress in the Cleveland district, whose friends in the convention urged his claims to nomination, upon the ground of his having, during the past year, expended three hundred dollars in assisting slaves on their way to Canada. Such is the camp into which John II. Eaton has entered as a volunteer. When will the Southern people open their eyes? Will not the robbery of thrir property? will'not the burning of their dwellings? will not the murders of their wives and children, awaken them to a sense of the awful precipice upon which they stand? Good!?"The National Intelligencer, informs us, that in one of the log cabins at the late Whig catousal at Dayton, Ohio, was a lire wolf, with a shcrp shin tied on him. Motto, "A PATENT DEMOCRAT." An excellent representation of Whig Democrats, or "Democratic irA/?\v"--tncn who put on the " sheepskin," of Democracy and claim to be Democrats by "patent," having 110 other title. When Daniel Webster and B. W. Leigh go into the log cabin at Richmond -...I m in frtv.ir /if llip npnnlp. 1/:ho UIIU uctraim 1*1 iu * ?..w j-- - i t can help thinking of the wolf in the log cabin with his sheepskin en? Another banner, says the Intelligencer, " represented Van Buren running down hill, his locks and coat tail streaming in the wind, and a barrel of 'hard eider' alter him; he was crying out stop that barrel!' " An excellent representation of the Whig arguments by which that parly are attempting to run Mr. Van Buren down! The Federal wolccs, in Democratic sheepskins, arc very successful in representing their own character and arguments. Abolition.?A friend has sent lis an " Edinburg Chroniclecontaining accounts of a Rechabite," or Temperance Convention there, and also of an ''Antislavery Breakfast," at both of which W. L. Garrison, a negro named Remond, and other Abolitionists front America, figured largely. From much that would hear comment, we select the following, viz: " Mr. Rogers said lie ronld not help feeling surprised when he found he could walk through the streets of Loudon arm in arm with his coloied friend without being molested for so doing. Nobody in America dared to do such a thing. To he seen in company .and on terms of eqality with one of the dark-skinned race, was there a high offence in public estimation. Such was the monstrous tyranny' and injustice of public opinion in that country of boasted freedom; but 'dr. K.: said lie was determined to brave tbi.sty-ranny when he should return to America, ' by appearing on the streets of Boston in company with his friend, Mr. Kemond, in spite of popular prejudice, if that gentleman would consent to be a party in so Ureal an offence." We wonder whether the "lords and Jalics" of the British Empire dare be seen , walking the streets of London "arm in "m" n U'lHTP sfnrPT IAB0REK. an , iterative from the manufactories, or ' \ peasant from tiie country? woT\?irrnsTfoRr Price:?Only one Dollar and fifty Cents i a year, in advance. i A paperdcroted to general intelligence. < Published in Clicraw, S. C. once a week. ; fn Politics it will pursue an independent! j, Motto:?"Unawed by influence?Un- i jribcd by gain." ' I Persons wishing to patronise this cheap i mblicalion, are rcVjUPsUrd to forward their 1 lames, and the amount of their subscrip- i ions in advance?otherwise they cannot i cceivc iu Address, without delay, I WM. POTTEH, It Chcrqw, & C. 'i OAatPBH", 3. OAHOIDTA, SATURDAY MORNING, OCT. 10,1810. Dr. Laver, of Dublin, ia said to be the autlior of "Harry Lorroquer" and "'Chm-Ios CMnlley." Ho is a man of middle age, and has been much , abroad, ia acquainted with the more popular Iangucs?French, German and Italian. Small Pox.?A letter from South America, received by a gentleman at Nevvburyport, states that tiie city of Panama, had been reduced by this descasc from a population of tucnty thousand, to lose then half that number. Scarcely a family escaped, and tlie inhabitants had no knowledge of any means to arrest its progress. Pansy Klsslkr, tue nar.cing lauy, lias ottered to contribute a thousand dollars towards the completion en" the Banker Hill monument, and tins newspapers arc discussing the propriety of ite acceptance- _ It is contended by those opposed to receiving the donation, that Ike monument should be entirely a memento of native patnV'tism, without any commingling of foreign gonerosity. Our respected correspondent "J. V." must etf-Ctlsa us for omitting the publication of the lines he has sent us. The individual to. whom Jlicy are addressed, is so plainly indicated by the initials, that, n<Jt even tho compliment intended, could be a sufficient return for the unpleasant sensations which _ . might be created, by being thus brought to the notico of tho public. He will no doubt, on reflection, acquiesce in the propriety of our course. ' * Among tho important items of news brought out by the Groat Western, wo learn that the report that Pnncc Albert had shaved oh lus mustaches, is confirmed. The Hon. Joel R. Poinsett.?We observe in the Charleston Courier of the 5th hist, an address to his follow citizens, by this gentleman. We re. gret that we cannot lay it before our readers, but it is loo long for us to attempt it. It is a plain, manly, and unvarnished statement *. of facts, and of unanswerable argument. Ho takes up seperately the various charges, worthy of notice at all, which have been urged against the present administration, and answers them in detail, bo plainly ' and satisfactorily, that it cannot fail to carry con. viction to every unprejudiced mind. A New York paper sta'es that the Corporation' of the City of Mobile had made an assignment, or deed of trust, of ull the real estate belonging to the City. Tho ingenuity of the riddle which our corrcspon. dent "Nestor" has sent us, has secured him a place in our columns. As a poet he has not been so successful as we could have desired. Electioneeri.no.?The South Carolina Temperance Advocate gives a most deplorablo account of llic manner in which the political canvass is car. nt'd on in Richland District. It is stated that the " grog sellers keep open houses," aud that an clcctionocring campaign costs " from one hundred to between one and two thousand dollars." Honors thus obtained arc rather expensive, to say nothing of the humiliation which a gentleman must suffer, after having secured his election by such means. THE MAGAZINES. The Casket for October has reuchod us. It contains a splendid engraving of the " Principal Gaut at Ilarduwar," and a beautiful Ballad, set to Music. The literary character of the work well sustained. The Ladv's Book for this month has also come to hand, and is, as usual, rich in beauty, taste and fashion. The engraving " Happy as a King" is of tho first order. A colored print of the fashions, ^ containing three figures, just the thing for the ladies ?two pages of Music also. The literary department of the work Is excellent There arc however two lines in the Lady's Book, which wo do not exactly comprehend?speaking of a new publication just commencod, entitled the Western Lady's Book, the editor's remark; " it will meet thefutc we presume of its quandam namesake, " the Soulhern Lady's Book." Quere? What fate? Tlie literary character of that publication is we believe as good as any periodical can be which is solely sustained by voluntary contributions, added to those articles from the pen of its talented . editors. The object of the work ns stated in the prospectus, was to encourage and ex. cite a spirit of emulation at tlic South, by affording a medium of publication for those who hare the talent and leisure to spend in literary recreation. Wo can see no good reason why it should not bo termed the Southern LadieB Book, even were there a dozen other Lsdy's Books. Georgia Ki.ectio>s.?The general election wn? held in Georgia on Monday last. We hare returns from Richmond, Talliaferro, Burke and BibK eoun ties, in all of which the Whig candidates obtain, cd majorities. The city of Savannah gave a con- ^ sidcrnblo democratic majority. The Con?litutionalift remarks, " that the returns to be received during ? two or three days, will be entirely favorable to the \ Harrison ticket," but adds with great confidence, " our friends abroad may rest assured that Georgia is safe for Van Bunrx, and that the democratic tic. ket is sure to he elected." HON. CHAPMAN LF^Y'S SPEECH. The Speech of \h:. IIon. Chapman Le. vy, of Mississippi, (formerly of this Slate) it the Republican meeting on Saturday evening, was otic of the most powerful"1 an.tl conclusive arguments in favor of Mr. Van BcnEN, his administration, and the Southern Jlepnbliean support of them, and the opposition to Harrison, the Southern Whigs, a National Bank, &c., lhat we hare heard or seen. Its array of facts, and the exceedingly happy arrangemont of them, were absolutely orerwhelruing; and if any of the Whigs who were present, could remain Whigs any longer, lftcr hearing them, they must bg utterly ^corrigible. To be unconvinced, by an ^