OCR Interpretation


The Camden journal. [volume] (Camden, S.C.) 1836-1851, April 20, 1842, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042796/1842-04-20/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

[From f!f X. y. Etmini? Post.']
Free Tr.tdr Forts a ml 'i't/rijj' Thrttrirr.?There
is, in a late number of the Now I laveu iloyister,
an aiimira!)lc article by Charles Ivor, a mechanic,
on the various ore at questions of public controversy.
Wo could wish that his liberal ami enlightened
views could penetrate the intellects
of our more distimrnislied men. What is said
011 the subject of the tari'K has an especial force.
"At first siirht," he says, "there is something
very captivating iti the theory of protection.?
The idea ofliciu;? independent, and of making
r..,co I VP.-, nroducesa very pleas.
every imiij: i?>? ,,
ant sensation in the mind of a republican. I:
sounds so patriotic to talk about aiding Anicrican
enterprise, encouraging American industry,
and fostering American mumifact arcs. Aiid
then the idea of keeping all the specie in the
country; this is irresistible. (>, there is magic
in hard money, and it is so delightful to think
that protection will enable us to keep it all to
ourselves! Hut unfortunately this Chinese doctrine,
when weighed in the balance of reason, 1
is found wanting. When examined by the light ]
of facts, it is clearly seen to he a delusion.
"American industry is must encouraged when
it receives the largest reward. If some Yankee .
shouldjtakc a fancy to spend his lime and capital!
in cultivating tea and coilcc, and should so far ,
succeed as to raise, of an inferior quality the one
at an expense of five dollars, and the other at an
expense of fifty cents a pound, would Congress
be protecting American industry, should thoy
prohibit, by a heavy duty, the importation of foreign
tea and coffee, and thus compel our whole
population to buy these articles of this man at so '
exorbitant price? Would our industrious fel-1
low-citizens think it was encourgingtheir indus-1
trv. thus to make them labor five days for what I
' i-i?? I
they could before purchase with one nay s jauor,
and, after all, got a poorer article! Would it be
good policy thus to sustain this man in the prosecution
of an unprofitable business? Would
this be a judicious way of creating a home market?
Would it be any consolation to the farmer
to be told that this man bought the produce
of their farms? Would it satisfy the mechanics
to be told that the shoemaker had one or two
more customers for his shoes, and the, tailor for l
his coats? This is but one illustration of the
theory of protection. This shows the principle,!
and I leave the reader to apply it to other articles
which experience has taught us can be imported
from abroad cheaper than they can be raised at
home.
"The advocates of protection overlook this obvious
fact; all commerce is an exchange of commodities,
and irlien iceexchange American produels
for foreign manufactures, the latter are as j
much the result of American labor, as though j
made by American hands. In one caae, we make j
the article ourselves; in the order, we made or I
raise something else, that we exchange for it.?
The farmer's plow is an much the product of his j
industry, as if he made it himself. It would not
be more impolitic to compel a farmer to make his
own tools, than it is to compel a nation to depend
altogether upon its own resources.
-"A division of labor has ever gone hand in I
hand with civilization and social improvement. J
The farther it is carried, the greater is the na
tional wealth, and the comloris anu luint-mvii.
ces of life arc obtained by the mass of the people
with a less amount of labor, and are consequently
enjoyed with greater perfection and abundance
llestrictions upon commerce prevent the principle
a?? labor from being carried into
-,~-w
yvm* ?-? * ' .1 Lc J-oeen (Ireat
_ Ini?I?.s{ft)?f??'customer, our country might even
now be suffering all the horrors of a bloody war.
The intelligent philanthropist will ever be found
among the advocates of free trade. The interests
of humanity demand that all obstacles shall
be removed; that the hills shall be levelled and
the valleys raised."
He then closes with the following statement
of facts:
"1. It is a fact, that for the last 20, years, !
(from 1821 to 1810 inclusive?full returns for '
1811 not having yet been published,) the imporls
of specie into the United States, from all coun-1
tries, exceed the exports by more than fifty millions
of dollars.
2. It is a fact, that estimating the value of1
American goods at the prices they brought in j
the foreign market, (ireat Britain and her co!onies
received from us one hundred millions of
dollars worth of goods more, during the last 20 j
years, than we received from thctn.
3. It is a fact, that during this same period of
twenty years, our imports of specie from Great
Britain and Ireland exceed our exports of the;
same by 8100,70S.
4. It is a fact, that during the highest tariff we
ever had, from the year 1820 to 1832 inclusive, j
we imported specie from Great Britain and Ire-1
land to the amount of $408,471, and exported j
specie to those countries to the amount of $4,070,351.
5. It is a fact, that when specie is worth more
in our own than in other countries, it will be
brought here; and when worth less, it will leave
us; and no earthly power can prevent it.
G. It is a fact, that the banks have no peculiar
claim upon the specie of the country, and that A.
has as good a right to buy English broadcloth
with his gold, as B. has with his llour or pork.
7, It is a fact, that specie is hut a commodity,
like wheat or broadcloth, and utiles there is
'something rotten in Denmark," no more evil
will result from the exportation of the former,
than would follow from the exportation of the
latter.
8. It is a fact, that those honest and well meaning
citizens who signed their names to a certain
"Notice," calling a meeting of the friends ol
protection, and containing an assertion, that a
protective tariff was necessary "to save the necessity
of exporting from ten to twenty million
dollars annually in specie to settle balances,"
were grossly humbugged and signed their names
to a falsehood.
!). It is a fact, that a uniform duty of 20 per
cent, levied upon a home valuation as authorized
by the Compromise Act, will give our manufactuers
a superiority in our own market of at least
25 percent., and those of them who cannot comonte
successfully witli foreigners aided hv such
a protection, had better exchange a losin<r business
for a profitable one, with as little delay as
possible.
10. It is a fact, flint the influence of large
manufacturing establishments upon the public
welfare and happiness, is not so much superior
to that of all oilier kinds of business as to render
it either pel tic or just to tax the latter for their
support.
11. It is a fact, that our fathers, instead of
"living under the shade of the vine and tig tree"
of protection in England, were glad to lly from
it; and thousands and tci.s of thousands are annually
following their example, fur the purpose
of enjoying the sun shine of free trade in Aincri- t
ca. (
12. It is a fact, that unless we bring home i
more from foreign countries than wo carry to t
them, we shall lie doing a loosing business. ]
! !. It is a fact, that it the "Home League" ;
frniornitv succeeded in restoring the dead body i
of protection to life, the writer will lie forced to i
admit, that iborc is Jess intelligence among the I
people of America than lie had supposed. f
CorrrsjHnitJfiHcc of the .1/m://? //,
W'ASI 1 LNC'I'OX, April 9. 1842. I
Senate.?In the Senate, Mr. Buchannan pre- !
setited the memorial of some 11 or 1A hundred 1
persons connected wit lit lie Coal trade of Sflniyl- jt
kill county, Pennsylvania?stating that, hv tlie [1
time the compromise act went into lull operation, i J
in June, 1812, the duty on foreign coal would lie I
reduced to forty cents on the ton, which would j |
afford no protection whatever to their trade?that j1
the British had a protective duty of seven dollars 11
per ton. These memorialists ask a duty of ten j'
cents a bushel on foreign coal; and say that if i ]
that ho given, in a little while they will he able '!
to furnish coal cheaper than it. ever was before, j'
and that if they fail to do so, tlia' then the duty j1
on the foreign article may he taken oil! |'
There were some other memorials in relation I
to the Iron interests of Pennsylvania; and one I
from Philadelphia, asking that the fine imposed
on Gen. Jackson may he repaid Id hint. J
A bill making a grant of lots to t lie Howard'
Institution of the City of Washington, was or- 11
dcrcd to lie engrossed for a third reading. j >
The Loan Bill was then taken up when Air. 11
Woodbury rose and delivered a speech of some '
length and grc?t. power in favor of the amend- I
nient to pledge the public lands invariably for the (
payment of the interest and principal of the pub- 1
lie debt. Mr. W. treated this subject in a prac- 1
tical point of view, anutoiugcniicmuu, m.u. ??im (
all tlieir talk about honor and the lofty credit of |?'
the country, that in times like these, sagacious <
capitalists would nottrust tlieir money where M
they saw no legitimate tangible provision by '
which they were to he secured.
Mr. Preston followed at. great length, declar- 1
ing that the present condition of the country was I
owing to the inal-managemcnl of the party ejected
from power, and that the loan was mainly to
provide for the debts created by that party, lie i
admitted, however, that the Distribution policy i
was wrong, and that the land revenue must be
brought back to the uses of the government, and i
he pledged himself to vote for it: but he would |
not jeopard the bill by sending it back to the ,
House at a time when the government was suffering.
The debate was kept up until a much later
hour than usual?and the question was then la- >
| ken 0111 Do amendment of Mr. Walker, and dcci- f
I ded in the negative. I send you a list of the yeas i
|and nays:
I Yeas?Messrs. Allen. Bngby, Benton, Bnchnniin.li,
Calhoun, Fulton, King, Linn, .MeHuberts, i
Rives, Smith, of Conn., Sturgeon, Tappan, 1
Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, Wright,!
Voting?It).
A.ws?Mcasrs, Archer, Harrows, Bates, Bayard,
Berrien, Chonte, Clayton, Kvans, Craham, '
Henderson, 1 luntington, Mangmn, Merrick, Mil.
ler, Morchcad, Phelps, Porter, Preston, Simmons,
Smith, of Ind., Southard, Spraguo, Talluin(l<rr>.
White. Wuodbridgc?'J~>.
Mr Evans then sought to have the vole taken
on liis amendment?hut Mr. Benton having an
amendment to ofl'cr to that of Mr. l-,vrin.^ rt. \\as |
rt6enm v7y'1?r^inu^v^ it\,ri ves"
In the House of Representatives the Appro.;
priation Bill was again discussed at sonic length,'
the question being on an amendment to the item
for building a Custom I louse at Boston, of .'is 100,000;
hut alter an hour or two of debate it was;
negatived, and the original proposition, of -SoO,-1
000 only, adhered to.
The next item taken up was the Light Houses,
on which Mr. Protlit, professing to he something
of a sailor, and to know much, commenced a
speech, but gave way for a motion to adjourn,
before he had gotten more than half through.
? ?
WASHINGTON April 9. 1912. |]
Congress?In the Senate to-day, the amend- i
mcnt of Mr. Walker to pledge the lands for the ; I
payment of the debt and interest on the new loan, :!
was rejected. Messrs. Archer and Preston,' I
who voted for that identical proposition but a <
few days since, as proposed by Mr. Rive's reso- t
lution, by their votes to-day defeated it, when <
given the effected character of an enactment. t
Mr. Woodbury made an elaborate and power- j 1
ful exposition of the immediate and practical con- j
sequences of the mode of financiering now adopt- j
cd by the majoritv. He compared the past with !
ll.? nf r. nf 1 lio ...iMIr- rrn.lil .....I .w.intn.l
out, with a precision which his familiarity with j
the subject rendered as easy to him, as it proved t
uneasy to his opponents, the course of manage- j
merit which produced the ditlbrent results. I.
Mr. l'rcston replied to Mr. W. and ran back t
into the old slang about the amount expended by (
the late Administration, by way of calling oil'at-1 (
tcntion from the wanton extravagance of the par- \
ty now in power. Hut lie forgot to mention the (
notorious fact the Whig part}', during Mr. Van (
Huron's administration, constantly labored to in- ]
crease the appropriations beyond the estimates of, \
the Executive olliccrs, and in this way to create \
the expenditures, which it was their policy to ac- i
cumulate to the utmost. It was their policy l
then, to create a debt, as it is now, that their j
great measures of a high tarifl'and .National Hank
might be called for?the one to provide the interest?tlie
other to impart credit, and facilities
to favor the negotiation of loans?and both to r
build up the molded power and party in the cotm- |
try. There never was a log-rolling money bill, c
In nitlmr Hmmo. (hirillfrthc hint Aihnmist r:itnni. 1 ?
that was not so contrived by the Whigs as to s
catch a few Democratic votes?enough to carry ?
it?and then it uniformly received tlie support of l i
the great body of that party who were constant-1 '
ly crying out against the Executive?whooppos-; I
ed these extravagances?for a want ofeconomy, j'
We published in 18tl(ior 'J]7 a series of articles, ;
vouching the journal at every step, exposing litis \
Machiavclian policy of the Whigs. We shall j
hereafter recur to the subject to show that the t
policy which they have now given the reins to, (
being in power, they spurred on the utmost, t
when out of power. Let the nation never forget j t
that Vv lug policy requires a debt, a bank, a litrtj); j'
and this will he a key to labyrinth of embarrass- [
uieiil into which they have led the Government,' i
while pretending that their simple economy j j
would provide lor the conduct of public nll'airs (
with thirteen millions a year. ,
Mr. Voungol Illinois concluded the debate in i
a few brief but most pertinent and striking re- 1
marks.?(j lobe. <
Aim: it., 11 t
In the Senate to-day, the loan bill passed to
a third rcailing. Mr. Benton proposed two very i
important amcrtdmonts to it. The first was dc- 1
IH H-ny "T"i r
iipnpd 1o prevent tl:c degradation of l!ic credit!
>f the United States by combinations of capital-1
sts, and the extension of their speculat ions, by
he protraction of the debt for twenty years. It;
imposed to strike out the provision, that the
dock mijrbt. 1)0 sold for whatever it would hrin^ |
in the market The amendment would have I
rendered it. imperative that (liestock should not1
:ie sold under par; and if the lYicnds of the mea- j
:.l 1 : ,ri,t d.p ].,nnfH
JllIU LUIIMUUU.'il II ll!liu -?/?. .
it. six per cent. in? orc.-i. 1 he mover of the amend-:
nc.'it expressed hi* willingness (Ik.) tiiev might J
Jiiy iL a higher rate of interest. IT the present1
-tale of the public. finances, or t he temporary |
ondilinn of the money market rendered a hiuli I
rate of interest necessary to procure (he amount!
want nil, this would have" furnisned the st.ong-j
- st motive to limit the loan for a short time.? !
The Whig-shave promised,!?yretrcnchmoii! and !
[food management, soon to reform 1 he mischief |
llioy have seen public credit sustain in their j
hands. If tlicy arc sincere in their pledges, must '
they not expect, iu live years at least, to restore
public, credit and to he nhle.to obtain money, on
as good terms as it might have heen had during j
l lie last Administration! And if so, why would,
ihey extend a large loan which they say can now
jsily he obtained on ruinous terms, to twenty
years!
The Whigs voted down all the public good
which was plainly in the scope of Mr. 15cnloii\s j
imcndinent. j
Mr. J'enton succeeded, by a solitary vote, in j
[tarrying his second amendment, which was to !
- trike out that part of the hill which authorized
lie stock to he issued in any amount from one
lollar io thousands. The evident design of this
provision of the hill was to make a papercurren:y
of the certificates of loan, ami in this'way;
Danish specie, and leave nothing hut a circnlaion
of paper, based 011 the public faith alone,
linl irredeemable for twenty years. The Whigs
ilmost to a man, voted for this new continental I
currency. Some, however, had t ho grace not to 1
io in their places, and thus it was defeated by i
1." 11
.uc i/i-uiui I auu vvsie.
Tiio bill comes upon its passage to-morrow.? J
ft is understood tliat Mr. Calhoun will make a
final speech against it.?lb.
Wo lake the following sensible remarks from
ihc money article of the New York Herald, of
I he 1st inst:
The prospect of any change in the character of
the stock market has been much overshadowed
by the refusal of Congress, under the influence
ol faction,to appropriate the proceeds of the
public land to the redemption of the hum which
must ho contracted to mcef the necessiticrfof the
federal government. Tint loan coming upon
the market without any specific fund for its re
demption, will he a cause of discredit that will
crush all alike. No stocks can Mislain themselves
while the federal government is in disrrcilil.
The loan of the extra so imi has not been negotiated,
hocauso there was no means set apart
for its rodcinniion. The Treasury notes tire at a
heavy discount, hecau-c of tiie improbability of
their being promptly redeemed. The oniv manner
in wliicli they arc sustained at all, is by the
demtin! for duties. In this disastrous state ot
things party faction lias so far predominated in
I lie national I'ongro as to can -o a decided vote
against appropriating nuv thing lor the rodomn
' 'Hi.;
tion of Sho (loi.N prepared '<> crc.uco- i m- i-;u.
proceed from no other motive than that 01 a < eteruiitialioii
to disgrace the (lovcrtiuieni, in order
11 .1 - rr? '? ??m ??V-' ( .?, .* oYf*f'glO"1. ..| Ti'i.>i ?:
depended llic action of (.'ougre s. 1I-- ;ir . ::foil
ileliafo, am! forced iliroii"h measures hv the
sole exercise of his will. '! im-e onere- wore
all approved by Jiio la \oru lives ami bee,-; no ! w ,
with tie? exception of a most i11i<|11j;on- Rink
bill, wliicli the President, hv the more exercise
of coniinon honesty, vetoed. .\t the present
session how lias that jmwer of i\lr. (.'lay, wiiich
was so omnipotent at the railed -ion,
been exorcised. Not openly to for ward i be pi
perity of the country, hut covertly to briny' it. into
disgrace. The people have, howcier, too
keen a perception o! 'lieorigin of evil to attribute
it to the wrong ijuarter. The country must
probably remain in its disgraceful rendition until!
the people thunder through the ballot boxes j
lo its rescue, and to the support of the Chief'Ma- j
gist rate. In the meantime .there is no pro.-:met;
lo the fanner, the mechanic, the merchant, or the
capitalists, but. low prices, idleness, stagnation of
radc, and depreciation of property. The experience
thus acipiired, will doubtless cause them
o purge their legislative halls of political gamilers
and unprincipled speculators.
FROM TUX AS.
Xr.w t >i:i.r..\\s, April ?. |
The Neptune, which arrived yesterday morn- j
ng from tialvestun, brought dates from the city
o the fourth inst.?From all accounts, if ap- i
rears that the few Mexicans who entered San
\ntonio, made a vrcclnitalc retreat, as soon as i
liov had secured their plunder, anil probably !
rossed the Kio Grande. As will l<e seen by
>11 r correspondent's letter, most of (lie farmer- :
oluntocrs have relurncd to tlieir homes. I'losilent
Houston, we Icaru from auoiher source,
notwithstanding the enemy have retired) is pre-,
taring tiie regular forces for an expedition,'
vliicli if successful, as it will undouhtediy he,
vill redound lo the honor of such brave men as
nay lie engaged in it. Mulamorns will proha
ily lirst lie captured, and he permanently occu- ,
lied by tiie 'J'exians.?Unlktin.
From our Corn >j-< iiih uf.
Gai.vi.stov, April I'.li, Ic!-J.
Gmitlotncn:?Wo have hut little in the way.
>f news to coiimm.iicatc hy tins vessel. You
lave doubtless been astonished at the various
lontradirtory rumors which you have recently,
cccivcd from our country, in regard to the inva-,
lion of tliis country hy Mexico. We are tin- j
ihleto give any satisfactory explanation in re- i
rard to tiie origion of these rumors our. elves.? i
tVc have given publicity to them as l hey have'
icon received. Of this we are now sati. tied.?
There arc no hostile ?dcxicasss of any conside:-ililu
innnher now within our territory. The war
villi .Mexico must now he carried not beyond the
Riodd yiorlc. Volunteers lor suck a war v. il!
cccivo a cordial welcome from our people ami
Internment. The farming and business potion
of our citizens have returned from the army,
o the pursuit of their ordinary ay.c.i lions.?
The crop of Texas will not he greatly diminishjdliv
tiie interruptions occasioned by the recent'
niliiary operations, it occurred during the'
lrcvalonce of a long drought for the season, in '
:unsci|UC!icc of wliicli tiio grass ami noxious
vceds had not. much time to gain upon the turners
during tlieir absence?and now immediately
upon tlieir return tiiev arc favored with alum-I
la lit rains, Thus signally does Providence in. I
;crpose in behalf of mir highly favored country.
\Vc think ihore never was a loader call than
lie present unon the lovers of civil and religious
ibcrty for aid Wo ^x>uk of civil and rcligiou
liberty as though they were two separate and
distinct; whereas, tJiey arc one and indivisible.
"Wc war not against tho religion of Mexico,"
a.s our President has justly remarked. What
we contend for andtfll we do contend for in regard
to this matter is, that all sects he placed
upon an equal footing. That the government
tolerate all, but support none. We wish tho
Catholics to enjoy equal rights and privileges
with all others, lntt not that theirs shall be tiicj
only system of religion tolerated in the government.
This is what the Federal party in Mexico
desire?this is the position assumed by Yucatan,
and I liis is what, wc hope soon to see
lake place throughout the whole of thai country.
The liberal portion of our (tall 10lie feiends do
not?cannot complain of this. Many of our
warmest friends bo'.h hero and in A'ew Orleans
arc (lathoiiiv, and they v.oll know t!:".' upon
our success the national religion of Mexico will
he abrogated, and all sects and forms of rrli(vinii
tnlorjiicrl. as tbov are in ti:o I 'nilcd t-tlatc.-:
?in Texas?in Vuceinii, and as vu rirccrely1
trust .-(ton wili i>c the case throughout the \vorid.
I'rivaic letters Jiavc born received from vol-!
trntccrs in the camp of Col. Owen, stating tint
two .Mexican spies have lately been cap! a red
anil execute.!. They staled that -i(XJ Mexicans
were advancing from the Rio Grande, arid that
several their.-and would soon Ibiiow. This is
i)iii a repetition of the old rumors.
The following' plausible explanation of the
recent, movements, is given hy the Houston
Telegraph:
Santa Anna's I'ot.tct.? \Ve .".ax .no policy
wiiirli the Mexican Dictator intends to exercise:
towards Texas inav he designated in a few!
words. As he has not the power to invade with!
any prospect, of .success, he intends "to molest" I
Texas as far as possible. This is plainly to be
evinced in his letter to (Jen. Hamilton, where;
he declares that "the last Mexican admini.-tra
tiosi diil neither what it could or should have:
done to molest,at least, those whom their apathy]
or carelessness convinced-- of their definitive]
safety." This single sentence, wo think, soives'
entirely the miotery that iias characterized the]
late movements at the West. Tim three parties
of Mexican troops that lately came into Texas
all hadsimilar instructions, as we are informed by
the prisoners 1 hat were captured at Goliad and
Bexar, as well as by the statements of the
Mexican officers tlienuelves,
j The officers commanding the party that visit.
: ed Kinney & Aubrey's ford, declared that thev
I had not come for the purpos of commencing
I hostilities immediately, hut to give notice that
! i ho Mexican Government had determined to in|\adc
that country in a few months, and that a
i large army was then on the march towards ihc
I frontier of Texas, to carry on the campaign.?
j They further stated that they were sent specially
to promulgate the proclamation of Arista. The
party that visited Goliad made similar declarations;
and according to the statement of Mr.
, .fn'itirv, the party that visited Bexar were an
? ft?l
i tlmri/ed only to carry on simitar omars. ine
[robberies committed 1?y tlio latter party were
j not authorized by the regular officers, ami v. cre
evidently contrary to ihc iu>*.riu th ns ot
From a careful investigation of all liie facts cqiiI
looted willi tlir movement of the-c parlie-, tlie
conclusion is positive, that 1 hey came to 7/10/0/
Texas, bv promnl^atiiij? the proclamation ol
Ari>t:i, ami creatine anew niarui of invauon.?
In order to render this alarm more elioctual,
three dillbrciit parties were despatched simui'
taneotifdv to three different points widely distant
Jr-. t ,ii?r i ex.as as lar as possible, by calling fhe
p!a iic,-s from iheir occupation just at the Pearson
v. h- :i i heir labors were most necessary at home.
I t lii" ensuing fall, wcaretold, tlio invasion is
to be coniinoucril ill earnest, ami o:j, injured
harvests are to lie re ined by an army of It),!)! {)
or .W,MM) Mexicans. This lliroat ai-m is iniend.-.i
lo mole.: Texas; for Santa Anna is aware
iii' .iiitumn is the sea ion that t.ie largest ntmilierof
eiui;;raiits usually arrive in the Republic;
r.u.l lie wishes to check this source of prosnorilv
to our country.
"Till: MORMONS."
Two^individuals, who represent themselves
as "Ehlcr.s of the church of the lutier-dny
Saints" have oflcred 1o enlighten our citizens
uii the subject of Mnrmotiism; and tiinnjjli thoy
advertised a time and a place lor holding forth,
we have not hcc:i informed what Kind of an audience
they >c( need?or what has hgen the result
of their cfiorts, or what their pro.-poets ot
success. The representatives of I his now sect, j
seem to hcciicompa.-.-ip:; .-ea and land to tnakcj
pro-teiytcs; hut it, when they arc made, hey.
are no letter tlian llwy are rep-, rtc-il to he, where
tin; ore.,: Iiody of liicm Hvo. the more they make,
the greater the injury to the j.tostoiyiiv, an.I to'
themselves, and to s.?ci< ;y at Ir.rjo. "Rv i!?< !; j
fruits ye shall knew them," is :itc:>! '..i t ): h\ j
not, whore tlioy are better Known, recommend-'
ed them tu public favor.
Churkstnu ()I'fwrr. I
(loon.?A 'poor fc!!ov." v. I.o bad spent, luindrrds'
of dollars at the bar of a certain ' rnoyory. tit
?;::o day frsinl ami feeble and <>ni ni\'iiai::;ot :i~-i|
the landlord ;<> trust iiiin xvii!? as <>l l-nticr
"No," was t?:o surly reply. I "never make a
practice of (loi::;r such !! 1 ir;*r~. The pour iciluw<
turned to ,opcniien.an who was sMin^ by, ami
whnai !>o had lcuowii in bettor day.', s'lyiuu". "Sir,
will you lend me sixpence.'" "Certainly," v..-' |
lie teply. The landlord withnloTity id.iced ?! >;
decanter and ?rlnss before Iiim. ! le loo!; : pre1 ty'
j-<:(.d Iiorn, and bavin;; swallowed i: rt.d rej?* ?? i
the frlarr with pv ii!c:i! sail tuition, Le tamed to
lite ma;i who had icnl ii.'i.i iiio . i.\poiuo, red a! !
"1 fere. Sir, is tlic si:;pciii*e I owe you; make it
a point, dejrarded as lam, ahctujs to ymj hurruicthiiiiiirij,
Infurr 1 j.tt'j wy grog hi//."
J{<:r. f)f. Cn/icrs.?TLe Mobile Minting J! rc'h
of the 11th ins!., says t!i :t i!:e lie v. >.lr. Capers,
ol'tlio .Met hodist (hnrch, delivered an r!o-tjuenl
andcircctivc discourse, the ui':c ': -a he-|
tore, (o a very lar;;c ccnjrrepuic.n at the Oidi
(Irave Yard in tlie* oncn tiir. .'titer : to
t!ir* tirdd jirc.schiii'; of t!i(! celehralr : WhiSiioIil,;
it adds: "This is a now ieainrc in (lie moral in-j
strwtinn of our citizens; and from ;!io laryeandj
attentive crowd prcsetd of bo:ii ?'.\c.-\ v.c hope
that till? liCV. (ioillICilKlll Wil Jfl'ifia'.O.!, v. ili I on-!
I ii::;his suburban .-crtnnti*?as the spot chosen,
cannot tail to impress the most careless with the1
realities of death ami eternity?as well as thai!
all will feel a pleasure iu bleiuiin;; moral tuition!
with the advantage of a pleasant promenade !<>j
l lie last abode of many of their departed friends."!
Mr. day and Mr. Calhoun.?The Washing
Inn correspondent of the Philadelphia I'. X. Uitzclic
says:?
"An anecdote is told of the n;opt!n?y of Mr.
Clay and .Mr. Calliouii, after the former retired
from the Senate, which shows that political
strife, though it may for a while deaden the liner
feelings of Hie heart, cannot destroy them, cs"
pccially in those hearts that beat with generous
and manly sensibilities. As Mr. Clay was passing
towards the door to leave the Senate Chamber,
Mr. Calhoun met him?they had not spoken
!o each other for five years; but they now simultaneously
extended their hands, and rushed to
each other's arms; neither spoke, hut both wept.
At. length Mr. Clav said, on parting, "give-my
best regards to Mrs. Calhodo."" How muck
mere noble w.ns tins .reconciliation and parting",
; ban il l hey had separated looking defiance at
each other!
They had almost spent their lives together in
Congress, and at various times stood shoulder to <
shoulder, animated by patriotism and emulous
only of serving the country. Time had passed
over both, and the young had become old. One
was about to retire, ami both must ere long "sleep
t he sleep that hath no waking." The retirement
of the one would leave the ether with no companion
or rival of his younger day?, and it told
iiim emphatically that he too must" soon follow.
Thoirkts like these soften flic heart not wholly
indurated, and cause the fountain of generous
feelings to gush fort h?it came, and the twodistingui.
lied rivals and antagonists under the in!lue"cc
of these sympathies were drawn together.
Won id that tiicy had never been separated.
DEATH OF BISHOP ENGLAND.
Vv'e announce with unfeigned rogict the death
of this eminent and distinguished prelate. He
breathed hi.; last about 5 o'clock yesterday morning,
after a protracted and painful illness, in the
5lbh year oi his age. lie was a native of Ireland,
and for the last -J years resided in the city?
during which period he presided over the Dioccss
comprising the States of North Carolina,
South Carolina, and Georgia. He was distin
flushed lor strength of inmd, power of argument,
deep and various learning, and a bold and impressive
eloquence: and was justly ranked among th#
intellectual and literary ornaments of our city.?
A a pro! u:o, conducted the civil and ecclesia.-i.icaliiiiiiv
o.'iils church (tbo Roman Catholic)
vvi: ii coun.ii.iisi'i'o ability, and has left behind
j h!i:i iuany of religion and betievoi
lonco, tbo fruits of bis successful administration
and unwearied zeal. Devoted as lie was to the
intercuts of the Church to which he owed his
mitre, lie was yet a man of liberal principles and
feelings, alive to the impulses of public spirit,
and to the 1nlluenr.es of universal charity. During
bis long residence among us, his high and
merited iniluenco over his flock was ever exercised
for good, and his deportment was such as
to win for D:;:: the esteem and regard of the
community. Although his native country was
over green in his memory and dear to his hearty
his al legiencc to his adopted country was recognized
as his highest duty, as well ffoin inclination
as prinrijde. lie sympathized deeply with
the free institutions and the glorious destinies of
tIjo American Union, valuing it as the home of
his oppressed and exiled fellowcountryman, and
ihe chosen temple of rational liberty. Of the
South he was a true friend and an able champion;
fearlessly throwing the weight of his char*
actor, influence and intellect, in favor of her
I much misunderstood and much reviled domestic
1 in. Ii!u!ions, and vindicating them both at home
; ami ahroul fn the death of one thus eminent in
i hie calling and useful in his generation, his
Church has sustained a loss, which can scarcely
be repaired, am! our community owns the be1
rcaveuionl of a gifted and valued citizen,
Charleston Cuvritr.
_ (1,-c ;, Advocate.
A RESTivl."CTIVE FIRE.
; On iUonuuy ni-ht, aboutonc o'clock, the alarm
; or i'ro war; given. The lire occurred in a Black
! rmi'h :hop in ti;e rear of 'Jr. Davis's Carriage
ostablvbmcnt, opposite Brick Range, and spread
on both miles. Every house nn that square Was
; burned dov.n, except .Mr.-. ^\Vo Moll's dweling,
; which w:.. saved wiih groat dilliculty. From
, tie; fCiu'hcr.u corner, (J. N. Cummings &, Co.)
the tire : proad to the opposite corner of Brick
I I tango, ami .'-wept every house on Main street
I it|? to North & . Gibbon's Store; leaving only two
hoi'sos on onr beautiful Brick Range. The a'
mount, of property destroyed cannot be less than
i Two Ili Nnr.ED Ti!ol"san? Dollars, and our
I own opinion if, that it will prove to be much
I more?perhaps not f.utshort, if any of Two Hun'
and Fifty Thousand. About one hundred
thousand of this is covered by Insurance. Seveni
tyiho il.";:.-ai;d dollars by the Georgia Insur-^J
j auce m.iI B.uu.iug Company of Augusta. About
; eight or ten thousand by the Georgia Insurance
i a.ol Trust Company; and s>x cr eight thousand
1 !>y the Charleston Trust and Insurance Com.
piny. Therein::;.' be other insurances, but
the arc all wo have yet ascertained.
We cami ; c!o e ibis melancholy narrative,
u i No ' i! in;/the gallant, heroic conduct die; !;*ye.l
!>.' Mr. \V:m!c Hampton, Jr., and Mr.
Thomas Neville. They mounted to the top of
the build!:I*.* occupied by !M.v.-rs. North &.
(. hl'O.r, while .!." ti.v.nrs were sweep;, r down
15rick Rang"..'h d " i l.'tir'/fury. Mr. Neville,
; ! :c il hinn . !i"the ve ry < of tiii building
on the summit and .-oi/.-'d the hc.se?.Mr llamp'c.\
ijumediarcly behind liiiii and assisting him
in ?!ay in:; it. 'i'iiore was an alley of only 8 or
0 Icol" v ; !;h, lo separate tiicui, lrom the huge
hunting buildings: but there they remained in
lhat awful, perilous situation for more than two
hours, laboring witii devoted energy and perseverance.
At limes immense sheets of flame
v. mid sweep over llicm ami the terrified spectator.:
of iho'rdarin ; hcrc.fc-m w.-.ulcl exclaim, "they
inCTCCi!!I (lei?, shielded tllCIU
:i< i: i: n.i, am! made them the instruments by
v. !>:c!i the r..ilamcs were arrested. It wai
:: ' !r, heroi.- darin .
Nuidonis of the College, are entitled to
the warmest gratitude ol"the .Merchants. They
labored with tlie greatest zeal, and activity, ia
carry in;,- the Goods from the Stores, and in seeking
to arro- t the ilamcs.
We heard three extensive merchants remark
that i:carly the who'e of their respective Stocks
were caved hy the College Students.
much prni. e is due to tiic Fire Companies for
tueir activity .it:! ::r. 1.
Mortal fSick.ws I'< :inri/lcanta.?It is sta~
ted in tiie Philadelphia Times, that a peculiar
hind of sickness prevails to an alarming extent
intho vicinity of Heading, and that many case#
have already proved fatal. Also that a singular
i -t ?? '
unit aianmng unease nas made its appearance
at I\orri.-t'j\vn ami the village opposite. It is
said that persons i:i good health are first seized
with giddiness in the head, then a di.irrhu>a, and
immediately after the 'skin becomes as yellow
*..i gold, convulsions take place, and the individual
is a corpse ilia few hours after the attack.
The <1: case has bnllled the skill ?>!' the ablest
physicians, ami produced the greatest consternation
in consequence of its malignant and latad
character, wcveral deaths occur every tfcvy,

xml | txt