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* *3B5r^ V0LUME~9." - CAMDEN, SOUTH CAROLINA, FEBRUARY 9, 1648. NUMBER 6. "-.ruBfitsnsD every Wednesday morning, U. V r I ) M V S \V. PEGU E 8. ' i TERMS. TUpm D >l!ar< ptrannu n in advance, Tlireo Dollars an | Fifty Coat* within six months, or Four Dollars at the ex pFration of the year. Advertisements inserted at 75 rents per square, (fourteen [ taes or less.) for the first and half thatsum for eacli subse- ! qiient ju?"rtion. The number of insertions to be noted on aH advertisements, or they will be published until ordered to be discontinued, ami charged accordingly. One Dollar per square for a single insertion. Quarterly arfl Monthly advertisements will be charged the sain*' as > ?Uurle insertion, and Semi-monthly the same an new ones ? For publishing Citations as tlie law directs three dollars J will be charged. 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MISCELLANEOUS. _ .Financial Effects of the Wak.?We have endeavored to show that a Government loan in the present condition of the , money market and unriei the ?>pcrntion)of; the Sub-Treasury law, would prove destructive to all the best interestsol the nation. We are in the midst of the season f?r ex j polling the agricultural staples of the country. To place them in that form for shipment which will carry them to foreign ports the aid of the banks is absolutely necessary. All the ordinary means of legitimate mer- j captiic accommodation at their command t are hot more than adequate to this purpose. With a cessation in the export of coin to Europe, the line of discounts is still cautious ly.exlended. This is the result of apprehen- , sioii that a large loan will he authorized by : Cougrc.-s, and this apprehension, coupled j with the certainty that there will be no mod-. ideation of the Sub-Treasury, has already j produced, by anticipation, some of the evils | ifan actual withdrawal of specie from the , -to effect the payments to such a loan, j ^rsuch arc the fears entertained, by antici p-Jtion, of the consequences of a large public j loan, what results must follow the reality, i cair readers can determine for themselves. I * 'Bin it is said that treasury notes will be-1 ?#>rne the resource of the Government if; tfiqre is any difficulty in raising money by I loa^n, in conformity with the requirements of ( -I ..r .!,? V.,?._T?,oe..rtr _ f IJIC uauitu \'i Iiiv UU- I V.U.7UI V | There are now about fourteen millions of this cU^ripiion of Government issue. It is as impracticable lo pi event a depression of Hftluc by an issue of treasury notes beyond t|?e public demand for them, than by an issue of Government stock. An emission of ton millions of treasury notes, in spite of j their being available for public dues, would j depress them below their par value at least five per cent. 9iiA- government loan, if thrown on the j k market, will not realize more than ninety* i i cc^p|in the dollar. Treasury notes arc ; h now tit a discount of two per cent. If live H i hill ions are added to the present amount of W issue, ihov will inevitably fall at least five ^ p?r cent, below their nominal \a!uc. IIow j I irv such circumstances, can they be made j available for the public wants? II received j in payment of duties the loss to'thc treasury j wiUbe experienced in an increasing ratio j with every augmentation of the amount thus j forced out. Shou'd Congress authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to take bids f>ra loan below the nominal amount of stock isaied; the takers will not be satisfied with less than 8 per cent, per annum fortheir money. Even with this modification, and reducing th3 -payments in specie, on account of the loflrt, to the narrowest limits, thev would throw the business of the country into almost remediless confusion. The abstraction i * ^ f , I I r n 11 ! H'oni tuc vauns oi me names 01 rive minions: of dollars in coin, to be sent to Mcxirn,' would assuredly produce in less titan thirty ; days a general suspension by them of specie 1 payments. I ; The war of 1812 reads us an instructive lesson on this head. That war was atten-1 ded-bv no large export of specie, yet who j can doubt that the suspension ot that day was caused by the Government expenditures? Who that will look into the history of fiscal expedients to sustain such expenditure in any. part of the world, but will find room fiflr Hie most gloomy apprehensions on this j subject? If any one has doubt as to the resu.'l.Jct him turn to the suspension of cash payments by the Bank of England in 1797. I^iinot a well authenticated fact that this was.caused by the large remittances to the P continent in specie for public subsidies and the military expenditure in the Peninsular > war? At that time, too, it will be recollected that Great ! ritain was enjoying mono v poly profits in both commerce and manufactures. Can wc expect a different result, even should our agricultural staples meet a favorable sale in foreign markets? Get the! shbjofct of Government borrowing, under present circumstance, be viewed, therefore, I irt'arfy of its aspects, it must be accompa- j u.. a ,.r _n A ,.ri 11 it;* I uy utpiciiimi'fii 'ii cm uusuriimuii ?u j values which have assumed or may assume j m the form of Government engagements?by j incasing pressure and aggravated distuib- j ance of all business relations, almost beyond I paraJlf^ in the fiscal history of the United State*,; and finally by the general suspension ofr specie payments, should the war with Mexico become proclracted on that scale of expenditure which is contemplated bv the , Government.? Charleston Evening News, i t??A * < Intelligence of the death of John W.Jones Bsq. at his residence in Chesterfield, (Va.) ^ was received at Richmond on Saturday last. Mr. Jones was formerly Speaker of the JJouse of Representatives. POLITICAL PROGNOSTICS. Mr. Greeley the editor of ihe New York | Tribune, in a late letter from Washington j city says:? If the preponderating sentiment of the Whig Members of Congress afford any fair indication of the views and feelings of the Whigs generally, then Gen. Taylor cannot and will not be the Whig candidate for prcs| ident without a very material change in the attitude he maintains before the country. The careftil inquiries of to-day have satisfied j me that self-respect has not yet deserted us. I do not say Gen. T. may not be the Whig candidate, iiiough I trust lie may not be; but I do say, with confidence, that he will not be, without uncquivoca1 avowals on his part I that he is one of us?that lie accepts as a Whig, runs as a Whig, and will preside as a Whig? and without public assurances that ! he will not favor hut oppose the extension of slavery under the laws and flag of our Union. That he will give such assurances I do not affirm; but that the Whig party will I dot support him without, 1 have entire confidence. The "spontaneous combustion" principle will not go down with a party \7hich has such a leader as Henry Clay, who is to day the strongest man in the country? who may now lie elected President if lie will consent to run, and those who think he , ought to be the man will but unitedly rci solve that he shall be. Romantic Incident. In his history of the Girondists, Lamarline says: "In one of these encounters between the advanced guard of the French and the rear guard of ii.n a in-1.-ini.c- iS tlm vnmift nnmzons. Felicite Fcrig, who bore the orders of J)umor< 7. to the head of his columns, found herself, accompanied only with a handful of French huzzars, surrounded by a detachmont of the enemies' hulans. Avoiding with difficulty, the sabres around her, she turned her bridle with a groupVf hussars to join the column, when she perceived a young officer of the Belgian volunteers, who had been thrown from his horse by a shot, defending himself with his sabre against the hulans. who sought to slav him. Although this officer was unknown to h? r, Fehcitc rushed to his succor killed with two pistol shots two of the hulans, put the other to flight, dismounted froin her horse, relieved the wounded man, confided hirn to her hussars, accompanied him herself to the military hospital, and returned to rejoin her 2cn eVal. This young officer was named 1 an-, derwalen. Left in the hospitals of Brussels ; after the departure of the French army, he ; forgot his wounds, but be could never for-; get the heroine he had met with on Hie, field of carnage. The countenance of that, female, in the dress of a Comrade inarms, precipitating herself into the melee to rescue him from death and leaning afterwards over ' liis blood-stained bed in the military hospital! tenaciously kept place in his remembrance. j When Dcrnouriez had fled to the enemy's j lands and the army had lost all trace of the | 1 two young nmazons whom it had drawn into its misfortunes and exile, Vanderwalen quitted the military service, and travelled througli Germany in search of her, whom lie : owed his life. Long did he traverse in vain 1 the principal towns of the north, without being able to obtain the slightest indication of the family of Fornig. lie discovcrd them j 1 at last, refugees in the heart of Denmark.: 1 His gratitude ripened into love fir the younggirl. who had resumed the dress, the graces j and modesty of her sex. He espoused her, : and brought her home to Iter own country, j Theophiles, her sister and companion in glo- j ry, followed Felicite to Brussels. #hc died 1 there, while yet young, without having been , 1 married. She cultivated the arts?was a I musician and a poetess like Vittoria Colon-: 1 na. >She left poems stamped with mascu-j : line heroism, feminine sensibility, and wor-1 : thy of accompanying Iter name to immortal-1 ' itv. 1 ' These two sisters, inseparable in life, in i 1 death, as upon the field of batt'e, repose un- r> I | j dor the same cypress? 111 a toreign ian<i. i Where are their names upon the marble j monuments of our trituu. >linl arches? Where , ' are their pictures at Versailles? Where 1 are their statues upon our frontiers, bedew-; cd with their blood?" ??? ( Novel Mode op Securing \ Dedt.? 1 We learn that Mr. J. R. Rand of this town, | 1 having an old debt, with little prospects of i securing it, and even that contingent upon the debtors living to recover his fortunes, took the precaution to have the debtor's life ' insured for $800, at the New England Life t Insurance Company, B >ston. For this in- < surance he paid, last January, 810 GO. Last week, the company were notified of the : debtor's death, a id yesterday Mr. Rand received die S300. By this precaution he has I secured his debt, and afforded another evidence of that prudent foresight and sagacity I which has advanced him far on the road to j i wealth.?Westjicld News Jjcllcr. j < A Piece of Famiyy History without a ! 1 Parallel.?On this 27th clay of January, < 1818, and in this our goodly, thriving city of i Norwich, is living an aged gentleman, the; < progenitor of five generations, all now living. | He was born oii Sunday?his wife was born i on Sunday?and his eldest child on Sun- i day; and lie had a child born on every day ( in the week, commencing with Sunday mor ( ning and ending on Sunday night. All the n o v # o first born of the live successive generations I were born on Sunday?all are males, and i all bear the same name, and all arc now liv- i ing. Of these, the last born is the son of the fourth or fifth (we do not know which) I child of her narents. The old. st of the five i generations is ninety-six years of .age?the youngest is between two and three months i old, so that the distance that separates the i two extremes is but little less than a century. VVhaut world of history, written and unwritten, has been enacted within the peri- | od which has thus transpired since the birth of the great-grcat-grandsire and the great- ] gieit-graud sou! NVith the latter we have | not the pleasure of an acquaintance; but < with the former we meet almost daily in our walks through the streets; and there is one place above all others, (unless we except the house of worship on the Sabbath) where he is sure to be found as often as the various election days come round, and that is, at the polls. At our last town election, his was the first vote deposited in the ballot box; and from the time he was made a freeman, down to the present, lie has never failed to be present at the annual State election, and to give his vote to the men and the measures approved by his judgement. Perhaps it will not strike our Democratic friends quite pleasantly, but we cannot deny oursclf the pleasure of adding, that this venerable, intelligent, and most exemplary citizen is a whig?a whig of the staunches! sort, tried and true as steel.?Norwich (Ct.) Courier, I. M l HI UU. A Mexican Carriage.?We extract the following description of a Mexican Don's carriage, from the "Twelve Month's Volunteer." The owner was Don Ramon Prieto, a man of Spanish blood; who had travelled extensively in the United Stales and England: This old carriage, of the kind used altogether in the interior, is worth a description, from its singular shape and appearance and as it excited much curiosity in those who walked up to the cam granite, where it stood under the large piazza. The hind wheels were large and strong, about five and a half feet in diameter; the fore ones stout, but low, not being more than two and a half feet; the axles were both very heavy, as also was the high bolster on the fore one; two largo pieces, looking like small timbers Ibr a house, ran from the hind axlclrccs to the bolster, and connected the two; two heavy uprights stood from the hind axle, and corresponding two from the bolster; these cross pieces equally large, and carved; all this made the frame, stouter and heavier than that of any six horse wagon, larger also; for the width between the wheels or track, was about eight feet and a half, and from the lore axle to the hind one, between eleven and twelve feet. The reader can judge what a cumbrous frame this was; but the body supported by it. was not larger than one 01 our common carriages, seating only six persons on the two seats: this body was hung on huge leather braces, that passed frotn the cross piece on the fore ax I", to that over the hind one; of course the f >rc wheels before the carriage and the iund ones as much behind it. The harness was cumbrous, heavy, loaded with brass, and had heavy coverings or bags for the tails of the mules. Seven were harnessed to the heavy carriage?two at the wheels, then three abreast, then two more, with three riders along, there being no driver. Pat and tiik TuitKCY.-Manv hard stories are told about the doings of the New York city volunteers in Mexico, but Col. Burnett relates an adventure of one of them which is not so bad as some that have come to our knowledge. In the battle of Contrcras, (he says) several of the enemy after having been driven from their works, sought concealment under cover of a hedge. They had not been long in this hiding place, when they were discovered by Col. B. who ordered a couple of his men to go over and take them prisoners. One of the men sent was an Irishman, named Downey, who had given con siderablc trouble t<> the officers, because of foraging propensities. Near by the place ? ' t 1 _ where the Mexicans were conceairo, was a churchyard, in which a flock of turkeys were feeding. Paddy could not restrain his propensity, anil with the enemy, he look a large, turkey prisoner, which lie tied across his shoulders. The division to which lie was attached was immediately called to C'huruliuseo, the battle at that place having commenced. Downey, with his turkey vet alive and lied to his haversack, trudged to the batlle field and in the thickest of the fight held fast his game. After the battle. Gen. Shields in going to the barn, saw Paddy silling on the grass btisilv engaged. The General ral'ed to him asked him what he was about, lie replied, "He jabers! the yaller bellv shot him (the turkey) and I am taking his clothes afl" The turkey had been killed while lied to his back, and it was not until the Initio was over that Paddy knew of his death. JV. F. Sun. A Singular Race of People.? The Christian Observer of Calcutta, gives a noice of a singular race of people called I lie Cathics, who inhabit n part of Guzerat.? I'hov are worshippers of the sun, as are the adoring Parsccs: "Those geopla are supposed by some to 10 by ancient Calthie, who in the time of Alexander's invasion, occupied a portion of he Piinjnub, near the confluence of the five I rivers. Among the Cathies there arc no j distinctions of caste. Besides priests, they I lave an official class of persons called bards, who possess authority almost equal to that i >f the Druids. They become security for i I|?o payments of debts, the conduct of indi- : riduals who have misbehaved, and the ap- j pcarance of persons in pending actions, eiilt- I er civil or criminal. On the same terms they I conduct travellers and caravans through I'listriets infested with robbers, or in a stale i of war. "If a troop of predatory horse appear, the hard commands them to retire, and brandishing his dagger, takes a solemn oath that if they plunder the persons under his protection, he will stab himself to the heart, and hring upon their heads the guilt of shedding his blood. Such is the veneration in which he is held as a person of celestial orig i .? i r i. , in, anu sunn is mc norror 01 uemg mu cumu of his death, that the threat in almost every instance deters them from making the premediatcd attack, and the party is allowed to pass on unmolested. They invoke this object of their worship before commencing any great undertaking, and if a plundering expedition be successful, a portion of the moil ey stolen is consecrated to the service of religion. The only functions of the priest arc to celebrate marriages and funeral solemnities. They have bnt one sacred building? the temple? situated near Thaum,dedicated to the sun? containing an image of that luminary. The size of the Cathics is above the average, often exceeding six feet. The O ' # R women are tall, and often handsome; generally speaking modest and faithful to their lords. The Cathies have no restrictions of any sort regarding cither food or drink." IIow Spiders make Bridges.? Some of the mo3t distinguished naturalists in the world believe that spiders have the art of crossing streams of water on bridges of their own making. Mr. &pcnccr relates the following curious fact: ''Having placed a large fthl-grown spider on a cane upright in the iniz-tcf a eirpam nf water. he saw it de sccnd the cane several times, and remount when it had arrived at the surface of the water. Suddenly he lost sight of it, wholly; but a few minutes afterward, to his srrc?.t astonishment he perceived it quietly pursuing its own way on the other side of the stream. Having spun two threads along the cane, it had cut one of them, which, carried by the wind, had become attached to some object on the bank, and so served the spider as a bridge across the water." From the Cheraw Gazette. It is unquestionably true, that the production of one or two great staple articles for export, and neglect of domestic manufactures, will impoverish any people or nation; and that planting a/one is the worst possible application of human industry; and that no people can long flourish on any given aiea of land who do not .improve the soil, and augment its productiveness as nature increases its inhabitants; and that, to do this, a fair proportion must be employed in manufacturing, commerce, and liie mechanical arts. Agriculture, to flourish, must have markets? people not engaged in the same pursuits, but employed in the production of something which supplies a human want,?and the nearer this is found to the farmers door the belter, less of bis productions being expended in getting tliein to market. 1 repeat, no nation can prosper by raising the raw material, and exchanging it for the manufactured article. The manufacturing people always have the advantage?they avail themselves of the aid of machinery, water and steam, while every thing raised by the farmer must be brought out of the earth by main force, bv hard work. His productions nm hulLv nnd are often almost consumed in getting them to market, lie has to take his chances of unpropitious seasons and short crops. While manufactured articles are generally light in pioportion to their valuo, and no variations of the seasons are apt to blight the labors of the loom. The town of Lowell, some years ago, manufactured about GO,000 bales of cotton, and added about tour million dollars to its value, with about 7500 operatives, being about twothirds of the value of our entire cotton crop, which, I suppose, takes at least GO.OOO-liands to produce. These facts speak volumes to the planting States, arid call loudly upon our capitalists and leading men to set an example in this matter and give proper direction to our pursuits. By "capitalists" I do not mean those only who have their thousands to invest. Joint stock companies may be formed, where hundreds will do. One of these, in Lowell, is composed of 390 stock-holders; and most of the Massachusetts companies are made up in this way. If our leading planters would invest a part of their capital in the business and enter into it with spirit, the requisite capital could soon be made up for several factories in our section: and that it would be greatly to our advantage I have no doubt, and, for one, will contribute my mite. A PLANTER. HOME. What can be more beautiful than the following passage on this subject from the fruitful pen of N. P. Willis: "How many thoughts and affections cling around the word home! The traveller as lie wanders o'er the rough pathway of some distant clime, calls to his recollection the scenes of his own lovely home; and beholds in imagination, seated around his own fireside, his affectionate spouse and lovely children, eagerly awaiting his return home. The young man, as he arrives at an age capable of "doing for himself," and stmts out into the world to sock a fortune in a distant Slate, casts behind a long and lingering look at his r? 3 O early home, and remembers that he lias left " - ? nf l>!c fill It I llOOtl there an me cnoem.ui.-iii:> ??. and early youth; a kind mother who had succored him in infancy, and watched over him in childhood; an affectionate sister who had been his guardian in youth, and solace inafliction; and the companions of his early days, still remain at his childhood's home, and as he wanders along o'er hill and dale, in search of an abiding place; as he encounters difficulties, and dangers cross his path; as temptations intervene and misfortunes arise, he is satisfied there is no place like home. As the sea faring mariner skims o'er , the briny tide; as be is tossed to and fro . upon the foaming wave, in search of,.hidden ( treasures that lay across the mighty deep; i the recollections of home in all its loveliness i come tip to his mind, and when among stran- i gers and far from home in some distant land, < he sighs: ( Home! 6\vcct home, There is no place like Ho.irr.1' " The Ciioi.eua.?All accounts from the old World show that America must incvila1 -I I? k,. )l?. Inrri. bly be visited, anci mai siuni^.i., ..... .. ... ble scourge of cholera; and, as yet, nothing is done cither by National, State, or Municipal authorities, to prepare for it. Most of our readers will remember that the cholera of 1832-33 was preceded by a remarkably mild and humid winter like the one now passing. If this be not proof of what may be expected, it certainly is a remarkable coincidence, as in both instances accounts of cholera in Europe reached this country at the same season. We look for some slight attacks before the dawn of another new year, and for its prevalence, as a pestilence, during the spring and summer of 1849. Bicknell's Reporter suggests that a commission beappoin cd to visit the scenes of the pestilence, to inquire minutely into its history, and ascertain tr best prevential and remedial measures. We heartily endorse the proposition. While, however, we perform every preparatory duty, let the dread enemy be met without fear. Dr. Dawson says, in relation to the cholera of 1832, that it was generally remarked that the most perfect immunity was among those whose combined habits of cleanliness, temperance and industry, with a tranquil and happy mind, fear being reckoned one of the most r .1 _ i _ active causes 01 me disease, a piopusiuuu borne out by the medical men who visited the sick, and who generally escaped all attack. When the cholera was raging in Viena, Dr. Mnrenzeller. staff-physician, administered cuprum and veratrum to 150,000 persons, none uf whom fell victims to the disease. The same result was gained amongst 80.000 people in Hungary and Poland. Camphor has also been found successful in cholera.?N. Y. Sun. A towel dipped in hot water, and applied to the part affected, will, it "s said, an effective and immediate relieft > the painful contraction of the muscles c uled cramp. The Egyptians believe the world to be rested on the horn of a bull, and when the bull tires of one horn, it pitches the world on the other, and thus causes an earthquake. From Graham's Magazine for January. THE LAND OF DREAMS. BY WM. C. BRYANT. 4 A mighty realm is the Land of Dreams, With steeps that hang in the twilight sky, And welt'ring oceans aed trailing streams, That gleam where the dusky valley lie, But orcr its shadowy border flow Sweet rays from the word of endless morn And the nearer mountains catch the glory, And flowers in the nearer fields are born. Tlio souls of the happy dead repair, From their bowers of light to that bordering land, And walk in the fainter glory there. Will the souls of the living hand in hand. One calm sweet smile in that shadowy sphere, From eyes that open on earth no more? One warnintr word from a voice once dear? How ihcy rise in llio memory o'er! Far off from those hills that shine with day, And fields that bloom in the heavenly gales, The Land of Dreams goes stretching away To dimmer mountains and darker vales. There lie th. chambers of guilty delight, There walk the spectres of guilty fear, And soft low voices, that float through the night, Arc whispering sin in the helpless car. Dear maid, in thy girlhood's opening flower, Scarce weaned from the love of childish play! The tears on whose cheeks aro but liic shower That freshens the early blooms of May! Thine eyes arc closed, and over thy brow Pass thoughtful shadows and joyous gleams, And 1 knew, by thy moving lips, that now Thy spirit strays in the Land of Dreams. Light-hearted maiden, oh, heed thy feet! Oh keep whero that beam of Paradise falls: And only wander where thou may'st meet Tire blessed ones from its shining walls. So shalt thou come from the Land of Dreams, With love and peace to this world of srife: And the light that over border streams Shall lie on the path of thy daily life. From the John Donkey. SONG OF THE MEMBERS. r iIlinim'A in rim Senate a blowinrr his nose; Dolls in the Passage a darning his liosc; And Thomas (1, Benton is making, they say, An nss of himself in a goneral way. Rolcy go nimhle; Hop o' my thimble; Wrap all the rascals in red riding coats. Hale's in his chamber a writing of stufF; Webstor at h .inc getting sober enough; And together are talking that trio of slicks, Dickinson, Allen, and neat little Dix. Roley go nimhle; Hop o' my thimble; Marry your mother, you mealy-mouthed man. Winthrop, the Speaker, is snoozing away, And dreaming the country is turning to Clay; While tho leinpcranco members they laugh at the boys Who once got their bitters cacli morning at Foy's Rolcy go nimble; Hop o' my thimble; H'licro is the whiskey which once we could drink? Giddins is giving his natural eck-aw; M'Clcrn.m I is tickling Smith's car with a sl aw; While Lewis wipes off, from his brtiws, porspiralion; Representative ho of the weight of the nation, Iloley go nimble; Hop o' my thimble; Fun, fat and foliy find frolic and fees. From the N. O. Picayune. HOW TO PICK IIP A LIVING. There are more ways titan one to kill a cat," says an old proverb, and in luct'there are a wood many ways of dolus everything. A city is peculiarly good ground to pick up a living in, and notwithstanding all the mis cry and suffering which arc found among all masses everywhere, money is to lie made by every one. The wealthy merchant with his extensive credit enters into grand enterprises, and realiz *s his thousands at a clip; the ship owner launches his floating castle upon the deep and reaps golden harvests from its voyages over the storm tossed wave; the cotton speculator handles his hundreds as a poor man does his coppers, and makes a fortune or a?burst in a season. A thousand ways are there in which a man with . I _ ,U.. ,!1. a cnpmi can mane a nunc in inn iiiciciiiiiinworld, but of these we do not mean to treat. Walk along tlie street any day and sec how the million live. Here in this little scrubby-look, ing store, that is as blank and dingy as the black hole of Calcutta, is a little print shop; peep through the dirt-cncrusted windows and you will see a few gaudily colored, badly delineated headi, which you are informed are "belle of New York," "Caroline," "the betrothed," and other equally interesting characters, whose heads are adorned with a profusion, of very stiff curls, the owners of the head and curls being generally dressed in crimson or emerald green; a few Rong hooks and pictorial news- * papers and a small number of venerable book* make up the collection of this humble literary depot." Ten chances to one that the jiroprio tor, who makes his scanty living from such wretched means, is a genius in reduced circumstances. See upon the Rtrect comes that scientific gen? lleman in a broad brimmed white hat, a rough brown coat and thick brogans 1 His science consists in exhibiting several prints of fbreigq v cities and noted places, "as large as Jife and twice as natural," through a pair of magnifying glasses afiixed to a sort of stand, a sort of rode cn.eraa, with a graceful drapery, consisting of a peice of faded muslin, tw fling over the head * of the admiring gazer: price of a sight, one picayune. Ragged little boys and girls and enterprising colored people imagine Jjim a worker of miracles, and keep him well supplied with small change, and among those of his awn coterie he doubtless passes for the greatest won* ^ ^ der of the world, after "the susbimembris or double bodied pig." Walk down the street 4 little farther and you will see a poor sbirertng woman, scantily clad, holding a babe in hei arms whose little face is blue and red with the exposure to the cold, and as she extends her 1 hand for alms who can refuse her. The tinchaiitable contend that she pets more in a dir o \ > % tlian many a poor seumpsfress does in a week, and is well and hearty and as ablet? worff as any one, and yei she gathers alms from all. : Pass along another street and yoe nifty hear the disgusting cry of' an" 'alf one'n 'alf.goin* goin', four holed jewel patent lever," issuing from some shop where swindling is considered a merit, and whefe the mock auctioner laughs in his sleeves as he takes in his victim. If yon ask if this is honest we reply. "Aye, my lord? honest as the world goes." What is tbat'walk> ing sign approaching, home by a stout-looking man? What is'the inscription upon it in glac ring capitals? "Death on Rats." Ah, that man makes his living by setting poison to exterminate rats. There are various sorts of rats, as Mr. Shy lock observed, land and watpr rats, and it is a great pity that the dispenser of the ratkiliin<; compound could not be authorized, by a special act, to exterminate all the rats that infest society. But here is another progressive improvement man?a vender of patent, highly concentrated, cough eradicating candy, of the vi.tnes of which he talks loudly, and if the strength of his own lungs has been brought about by the use of his stveetcompound, his remedy needs no other advertisement. Here is a little sort of collection in the street, upon the right, and a good many people nro looking at something what is it? Ob, it la a large hand organ, in front of which are several extremely shiny looking wooden figures, who take offtheir hats and bow civilly at the crowd by the power of mechanism. If all "human" were made civil by some well regulated piece of mechanism, the great play of life would go 1 ofTa deal smoother. Hallo! what, in thebatrie of all that's odd, is in that gocart coming along there upon the sidewalk, with a man sitting in it and working away at a lever as if he was too late for the cars and determined to go it alone That is a patent locomotive, a knile and razor grinding machine, which enables the owner iu iiak'j vi iuhjui indwuui^ iu pit^jrftuaiuini^ and grind his way very cnmlortably along in the word. s? Although the essence of simplicity, bis machine excites as much wonderment in the street* as if it was propelled by a streak of lighting; one inquires the cost of the vehicle, and another how many miles it goes a day, to which, of course, as in duty bound, thejproprietor return* most extravagant replies. Walking back to dinner we seo a large crowd of person* collected upon the corner, and in the centre of it we observe a head bobbing about backwards and forwards, and at the tsarlM- time hear an extremely disagreeable voice uttering the many virtues of a grease-removing soap with the volubility of a bab-o link. This is *Hhe grease-spot man," or one of bis myrmidomi, and most emphatically a nuisance. Now he seizes a man by the collar, and applying hi* soap, soon producing a thick lather, in which he works awaj with the utmost energy, *11 the time soft soaping the crowd, uttering stale jokes and attempting to be witty. Hamburg flourishes like a green bay tree. Residesthere are a host of other pickers up of unconsidered trifles, scores of organ grinders, harpists, tambourine players, German ballud singers, monkey exhibitors, plaster cast sellers,cane vender*, beggars and many others, too numerous to mention t.II of whom manage to pick up "an honest livelihood," all helping to make op the pop, ulation of a great city. 'P n r? _ TU. v., V~.t, Pa. , 1 UK 1\11>II1 UJU1. i tic vr i'?n vw mrrcial tells a good story about an Irish girl who came so near being married on Thursday evening that the fid'er was engaged, friends invited, bridegroom ready and parson at hand. The ceremony was however delayed until ibo company grew impatient, and determined tbot it shoud lake place whether or no. But th? bridegroom refused to be a party to it till his uncle should come. The uncle arrived boon nf er, and then he was willing, but the bride had then changed her mind. In reply to his entreat, iesshe rejoined that she whuld not marry him unless her grandfather was present. As that member of her family died some years before no marriage was possible, when Rttch n condition was in lispensahln e?pce?:illy as we are informed that with ato?s of her auburn ringlets the bride bounded away from the house. On a view of all the circumstances, our cotemparary deliberately records his opinion that she served him right! Boy," said a traveller to a little fellow, whom lie met clothed in nants and a round. about, but minus another very necessary article of apparel, "Bov, where's your shirt?" "Mammy's washing it." "But have yo.i no other?" "No other?" exclaimed the urchin, with in. dignant scorn; "would you want a body to have a thousand shirts?" Leat Year.?The Baltlcboro' Eagle slates that tho Indies of Vernon, Vt., availing themselves of the time, honored prerogative of leap year, nude ariangcmente for a dance on Tuesday evening last, inviud the gen. llctncn, gallanted them back and fo th, ai d?paid Utt hills.