Newspaper Page Text
wammmrw iiibklm?eto?i ???a?bjiw?13m
?l)c tSamitcn 3ountaL I'ur.f.isiiKu riv TIIO. J. W\RKE1* & C. A. FRICE, KOITORS AM) PKOPRIKTOKS. TKK.VJS. Forlho Semi Weekly, Three Dollars :m<l Fifty Cents if paid in advance, or Four Dollars if payment is do layed three months. For the Weekly, Two Dollars nnd Fifty Cents in dvnucc, or Three Dollars after the expiration of three nonths. AFFAIRS IX CEXTIUL AMERICA. SKRTCtl or TriK FIVR CENTRAL STATES. The course England has so lately taken, has drawn universal attention towards Central America; and we purpose, in some degree, to satisfy this natural craving for information.? We will begin with the following summary of the STATES Ot CEiYI'KAE A.11KKU A. Independence was declared Sept. 21,1821. Separated from the Mexican Confederation July 1, 1823. Treaty of union between Game- i mala, Honduras, Nicaragua and San Salvador, October 7, 1842. Separation of Gautema'a from the others, October 5. 1815. Gautemala is divided into seventeen departments, namely : Population. Population. Gautemala 83.300. Totoniarapnn 84,000 Kacnltepec 39,000,Gueguetenan?io 01.300 Cliimultcnango 56,400jQ,uc7.:dtPnnngo San Marco 89,100iChiquimula 71,->00 Surhiliepec 35,100 Vera Paz (5,000 Ksctiintia 13,4G0iSal;una 105.300 AinatitIan 30,100 Isabel 8,000 Santa Rosa 31,000 Mita 65,000 Total, 935,000 Solula, 83,100 San Salvador is composed o( four departments: San Salvador,or Cnscatlan, with four; Sqnsonati, with five; San Miguel, with four; Sau Vicenti, with three districts. The population is estimated at 363,000. Nicaragua has five departments, with sixteen districts. Population 363,000. Cesta Rica is divided into eight districts. Population 198,000. It was constituted an in- j dependent state on the 30;h of April, 1818. Honduras has seven departments, namely : Omayagua 85,000 I Tegtizegalpa 45,000 i 'twJut-w.n ftq fldfl I Olnnrhn 45.000 Gracia* 79,000 I Santa Bachara 35.000 Yoro 31,000 | Total 303,000 Recapitulation of Population. Gautemala, 935,0001 San Salvador, 303,000 Nicaragua, 303,000 Costa Rica, 193,000 Honduras, 305,000 Aggregate population, 2,107,000 'it thus appears that Central America 13 composed of five States, which are Honduras, San Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. The principle of States' rights seems to ; prevail too strongly among these States, and the General Government not to have force and eentra!i7!ition enough. As a result of such a state of things, the union between tho States is uncertain and precarious, and frequent collisions, amounting to civil war, have taken place between them. Only so late as 1848, the littio State of Nicaragua, containing not qui'e two thousand square miles, and little more than a j population of three hundred thousand, declared t war against its sister State of Costa Rica. When wc speak of the population of these ! countries, the reader must bear in mind what sort of a population it is, or he will draw very erroneous inferences. I he population is a mixed breed, half of it consisting of what arc called l^dinosy who are half-breeds?the offspring of Indians and Whites; the other half is made up of Indians, with a sprinkling of mulattoes and negroes. With such a population, we ought rather to admire the degree of civili zation they have attained, than to wonder at the rudeness and barbarism with which they may be reproached. The happy influence which the Americans from the United States have lately exercised upon thern?the tormation of a company from New York, to unite the .wo oceans by a canal?the treaties made with them ... *1 . ? i* .1 i? n on mo pari 01 our uovernmeiu i?v Mr. oquier, and the prospects ofndvan'ago huld oat to tliein by such a closo connection with the people of the United States, has had the effect of allaying the potty jealousies existing among them, of opening their minds to other and greater aspirations, and of uniting them together in the one object and purpose of improving their country by aid of the Americans, and raising it to a respectable rank and station among the nations. It is much to bo regretted that the policy of the Jlritish agents should lead them to step in to | thwart these noblo views, as if to show a determination that their country shall not be benefitted at all, if the United States are in any degree to lie the instruments of conferring the benefit upon them. Central America, composed of these fivo States, is appropriately namod, as it lies pre ciseiy mi me ccmre or nre iwo great couiinems of North and South America, being the con- j i nectirig link between them. It declared its in- | dependence in the year 1821, on the 21st ofi September, having previously formed part of Mexico, from which it separated in 1822, which year is by some dated as the year of its i independence. Since this period, however, the I disunion among the five States has been sticli | that they have lormcd separate governments, i at constant warfare with each other, until lat- I terly, under the happy influence of America, ' < they have determined to form a closer union, i and commissioners met for that purpose in the i early part of the fall of the present year, and t signed articles for a new confederation, filiate, i mala and C<>sia Rica were invited to come in, j hut they sent no commissioners, their governments being under the influence of British agents, ambitious, upstart men, who, having re sided a few years in the couutry, and gained , some power and influence over the simple na- | lives, feel themselves to be the undoubted Bri- ( tish government, and act accordingly, with as , much arrogance and impudence, and exact and j receive as much homage and rcspoct, as ii'they ^ were iu fact that British government itself.? f Under this fatal influence the unioooflhc States G has been retarded. \ The jealousy of the British agents against t the Unit rd Slates has fre?i<ienlly imposed upon ' i ! Jecc'veJ 'he people of ('ciitral America. 1 v They endeavored even to instigate theni to mingle in the combat between Mexico and the United States, and to espouse the cause of the former. About this period, Honduras was morn in clined to favor the British, and submit to them, than attend to its own interests. Since then, it has opened its eyes, entered into treaty with its, and adopted thn policy of Guatemala; and as a kind of recornp' ns for her leaning towards the United States, and laying aside former pre jiidiceRrthc British have rewarded her by seiz ing her cities, ami teaiicgdown her flag. The conduct of the British in seizing upon a portion of the coast of Central \ineriea, called the Mosquito shore, and claiming it for herself as an independent country, on the pretence olj a grant from an old Indian residing on the coast, hits already been made known and commented nnon bv the public press of this country. I " I * I - . They ha vp now lakon up the son of the old In diun, or negro, as some say that he is?dubbed ! him a king?and, under shadow of his name, pretend now to claim the country from Central America. The States of Honduras, Guatemala. Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Salvador, rernon. strated unitedly against this usurpation and seizure of their country, although Cosla Rica is now wholly under the influence of the British, and promises to aid England in her claim on San Juan. Of all the States of Central America. Guatemala seems to be the mo?t important, and to have acted with the greatest independence and ' energy*. Its affairs have been well conducted ?t,? nlil.t n/lminieir:itinn of General Ra j pliael Oarrera. This Stale is famous fbr its ex cellonl cocoa, and produces other articles ot great value. The whole country, indeed, is rich in tropica! productions and valuable mine rals; and from its position, commanding, tis it does, the whole Gulf of Mexico, would he far more valuable to us than Cuba Honduras is famous for its logwood. When these countries were under the domin ' ion of Spain, the whole wa?s called the Audience of Guatemala, and Guatemala has ever sinee been held in the first rank of' the several Slates which were formerly parts of it. There i are many beautiful lakes in this fine country, which also abounds with gold and silver. The cliiefof these lakes islhat of Niearauga. It is 120 miles long by 40 broad, and communicates with the Caribbean Sea, in the waters of the West Indies, by the river St. Juan. On the other side of this lake, the distance by land to the Pacific Ocean is only IS miles There it is that tho New York Company lias begun its operations to unite the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, through the lakes St. Leon and Nica ragna. The history of Central America is summed up in few words. Under Spain it obtained more importance th in it ever has since its independ. once, ft first formed a part of iho Mexican Confederation ; then, in 1821, became independent; since which period, till the present moment, when the questions of Mosquito, Hon duras, Salvador and Nicaragua have arisen, it has slcpi away its life in tropical indolence, like | . ? L _ _ L! _ L ! _ the groat uoa constrictor wnen nis siomacn is full. Hut now, if we mistake not, Central A inc. rica will rise into incalculable importance and dignity. Two enterprising nations, like Eng land and the United States, contending for the commercial supremacy th,vre, will give new life to the people, and bring out the resources of the country. W AsntNC.TON, Jan. 13, 1850. Mr. Amos K. Wood was tnisreporled, In some of the papers, in the account of!,is spe*'*h on the election of .Mr. Campbell. His thunder j was not directed, not against the South Caroli. na delegation only, hut against the whole South. The following is the official report of Mr. Wood's proclamation, on the part of the Northern nomocracy, to wit: "Mr. Wood said, he was extremely gratified that the Southern Democrats had shown their lino principles and position, in the icstilt ofihe last ballot; that he felt relieved; and, that a dissolution of political connections bcticc.cn the Northern and Sou'hern Democracy ought to take ;place." It is very likely to take place, as things arc going on and, this Congress will do what it can to promote the object. Mr. Wood is to be the Democratic candidate for (tovernor of Ohio, and, of course, may be considered as representing the sentiments <>l the party of that State. Cor. of the Courier. A White Negro.*?Some eight er nine years ago, we noticed in the Carolinian something of a natural curiosity?a negro man with white spots on his face about the mouth, lie was an old man, probably fifty, as black as any African, who had been bitten in his boyhood, by a rattle snake pilot. We thought then he was a good subject tor museum, but to our astonishment, he came to town a few weeks ago, almost a white man ! tho only traces of the negro about him were his kinky hair, and some spots or streaks such as would be made upon the skin ofa white person by the application of lunar caustic. Tho probability is, if ho lives five years longer, that thoro will not he tho traces of a negro about him except his hair. Here is a (homo for a philosopher. .Man)' i learned essays have been written, theorizing i upon the cause or causes of the color and other ] peculiarities of the African race. No other , cause than the snake bite can be assigned for this astonishing metamorphosis, and the pliiioso. j pliy of its operation would no doubt puzzle the most eminent chemist. ' l!ul so it is; we have a white negro in North ' Carolina. And we would suggest to his master 1 if he excuse the impertinence of ti.e remark, ' hat he can make more money by exhibiting t hrough the country, than he can by his labor, t flux lives fill v vnars longer: although he is si - J J o i o " oily old id I low, can crack a joke yet. FaycUcoiUc (/V. C.) Carolinian. i I "Wiro can Solve this Promlem ?"?Fill a f vine glass to llio brim with water, or if possi)lc, rai.so it in the glass even higher than the dge, hy letting one drop fall at a time until the water presents a convex siirlitce, When this j s done, drop into the glass as many common >ins as will (ill it, and the water will not overlow. This simple experiment may ho very ssisily tried; hut I never have seen it explained*. ^ V at or is not compressible in a wine glass, and ^ he pins arc made of solid metal, yet the water v a the glass leinainsas it was heloro the pins, vore dropped ia. ! * Jg. MtirMMCTrwaegMWMBaCTarJ ^iLjn'u -i-i .ni?? THUS JOISJIBR&IL. CAMDEN, S. C. SATURDAY, JANUARY 19,1850. OUR RAIL ROAD, We must think, is doing well; the depot prescnts^an active, business appearance; the commodious platform erected for I lie reception of cotton has been kept lately, well supplied wiili the precious commodity. The interior of the depot is prctly well filled with mcrchah izc, which is constantly coming and going. Those connected with the management of this Branch are business men, and are disposed to accommodate the public. Wc are not disposed to find fault, but we think the n- - I I - i . 1 1.. ... I._ travelling puunc migiii ana otigut iu uu uuuur ?iucoimnodated, and therefore again suggest that the building erected especially for a passenger depot be called into immediate use. That the Kail Road has benefitted Camden cannot be reasonably doubted. A cotcmporary says: "The Camden Journal has come to hand as a semi weekly paper. The railroad has brought this about. There is nothing like going ahead when opportunity offers." OURSELVES. i\s agennrai rum, n is a jrrcmcr error 10 ihik Utn much, than not enough. We must howcvpr. be indulged for a short time, even at ?he risk of being charged with cgrtism, to speak of ourselves. Although our connection with the Journal has been brief, yet in this period we have had much to encourage us. Those f iends who have been, and arc still exerting themselves in our behalf, have our sincere acknowledgments for the same, hoping that they may not weary in w II doing. It is the peculiar fortune of the "Knight of the nuill," to receive various communications. Our friend and neighbor of the South Carolinian, in a late edition illustrated this idea to perfection, which wc regret is not at hand to copy. The order, "send tour paper," is an evolution (if we tnay use the term,) in most cases easily perform ed; whilst its opposite?discontinue?is, in some cases reluctantly obeyed. Yet sometimes complied with cheerfully, as i* saves the pressman unnecessary labor.' It has been our good fortune to perforin the first of these orders several times? while it has only happened that the latter had to be obeyed in a few isolated instances. Our present list of subscribers, we are not anxious to curtail, but want an abundant increase, and hope we may not be disappointed in getting them; we will try however, not to deceive ourselves, so far as to "Take fan days in winter for the spring, And keep in store Onn rlic'-?nnnint n.oiU cnrn tn r rnvr n t hr? rrv^f. The- disappointment of a promised hour?'' The Weather, in social and fireside' circles is generally the first topic discussed after the usual compliments of ?he day. We thinl| the conclusion will bo arrived at by all, that we have a fickle climate, and the strangest kind, and the most unseasonable, weather ever known. On Sunday last, the day was warm and cloudy; the eveniug was rainy, with loud thunder and sharp lightning. On Monday, clear and very cold, which continued untii Wednesday; since which we have had a little of all sorts?rain, clouds, and sunshine. It would puzzle the barometer to keep up with the weather | ?for it is first cold and then warm* The sudden |, transitions irom iival to cold, would give the lelo- I graph as much as It can do to keep pace with the changes. ' ? I " Nine days of fierce encounter passed, Ami mntiu n li.-itiln.fifiu?til iv;ib rivnn: And twonly ballotings;?at last To Campbell was tho Clerkship given." Metamorphosis. The Washington Union comc3 out with a long article, condemnatory of the course of those Democrats who voted for Mr. Campbell?even speaks of them iu it".lies. Mr. Vcuablc also came out in Stnday's Union, with a card, in which lie says, "that until they saw that Forney could not be elected, they voted for him." Wo arc persuaded that scarcely a voice will bo heard in the South, condemning the vote of the eight. We have a Southern Democratic Speaker?at 'east, Southern so far as locality goes?the ofiicc of Clerk is one of comparatively of petty worth. Mr. Campbell, though a Whig, is a Southern Whig nnd a Southern man; which latter qualification is enough, taken in company with his other excellencies, to pardon the eight in their temporary desertion from the Democratic ranks. Mr. Campbell certainly possesses suporior qualifications for Clerk, so fir as a "migli/y vuice" is concerned, which, judging from tlie "noise and confusion" with which that body is generally blessed, is no unnecessary properly. (D""The prospects of our town arc certainly very flattering. Storm and sunshine, alilte, find out streets tilled with wagons?some from almost every direction. The Darlington trade, which, un- ? til lately, has passed off in other directions, has : i,i.? uuiiiv 111??juiiu au iiUAiiuxitw uiiiiu uji mv uauu pj if Camden. North Carolina finds Camden her j v best market, while all the intervening [country >ours in its valuable trade. Why should it not be |, We believe that the merchants of Camden a ivill give as much for cotton, sell their goods as a :heap, and treat the customer as gentlemanly as 8| hose of any other town. Come on, then?build he Rlank Road, and all of you come. |]l QT W. J. Allston, Esq., of Fairfield, has been ^ loininatcd by a correspondent of the Palmetto Stale *' [tanner, as a candidate to fill the executive otlice ^ or the next Gubernatorial term. FATHER M ATI JEW ll Arrived at Columbia on Tuesday evening the l'' ,5th instant. Cl Q J" The vote taken on the annexation of the ^eck to the city of Charleston resulted as follows : 81 Vgainst annexation, 4?W; for if, 22. What good vill it do ? Has not the edict gone forth that the sa Seek shall become a part and parcel o! the w orporate. st LJ1 -I-W-l i- HUMwmjuj l-U Jl.^1 . .J ..J. ET A Tolcgriphic despatch from Charleston states that 4:500 bales of cotton were sold on Thursday, and that tlie sales of the week amounted to 8400 baes, at I *2 J to 10 cents. D" As there i' nothing doing; in Congress, we can give our readers no Congressional doings. AMERICANISM IN LITERATURE. Unlike other nation?, we inherited with our being, " a Literature," and like other inheritances, it has proved both a blessing and a curse. I know not wholiter it is better for genius in youth to be trammeled by poverty, or fostered by lit* hand of wealth; but I know when youth is pulling on mnihood, and fancy's features are changing into those of experience, it were better for genius to leave the trodden path?to trust to its ow^Pinherent powers, and aim at an external life beyond our futc. As in Literature, so was it in Politics: wo grew froin earlier childhood benenlh a foreign Constitution. But the day enmo when patriot ism threw off the shackles of foreign despotism. and unfurled to American freezes the glittering banner of political liberty. How long, then, before American gccnius shall acliieve the proud triumph of unfurling the banner cf Americanism in Literature high in the heaven of thciight? Why should mind bo trammeled whore matter has nsscrtod her rights ??why not be free in Literature as well ns in Politics ? I know 'tis difficult to light a v ay through chaos, or to be a pioneer?the first to strike tluough the wild forest of Amc. rican letters ;?for Literature, as well as Religion, is n spiritual immortality?the magic glass in which you soc developed the mind of a nation, with all its moralities and immoralities strangely blended and ho who di vests himself of foreign style?of foreign thought?of foreign conceptions?and draws from tho rich resources of our native land the material lor his prose, and the ideal for his poetry, will be the Washington of our Li??"? ? I?.J,.,,An/l/.n/in ff io nrlmilL/l ntron l\u 11 in an iwiuijr IIIU1:|H,IIUU|IVI.. la uuiui?h\u| V. VII ./J mvrv who arc opposed lo our Institutions, that no country possesses a hotter foundation for a National Litornlure. Wo have hut to write from texts displayed in nature's wild book, acknowledging for its frontispiece the im press of Jehovah's hand, and wo have a nation's fnm est support?a virtuous Literature. Why go to Europe's battle fields, or follow Asia's Mohammedan hordes, for historic material ? Write the hisiory of Peru's gelden clime, ond Mexico's sunny snii?how the wild ndven. J turcrs with Do Soto wardered through the trackless forests and deep swamps of llio unknown west,?and how tho heroes of'76 battled in the cause of freedom Why go to the vale of Parnassus, or qn iff the waters of Castalia's fabled fount ? Let the imagination of the American poet divine tho story of ruined Chi ipa,?the proud race of Huan Capac.?and the history or that strange pcoplo who oven in naturo's temple, this wil derncss America, knew of the Great Spirit, and inin- i gled iy their legendary lore the bright fancies of the unirit land. I have stood l?y llic side of our Soulhorn lakes when the detv seemed tcais shed by Aurora because she ] eould not make love to the flowers alone, while the morning birds chattered on every branch, as I thought, J their hymns of praise to Him who preserved and shcl tcrcd them through the night, the silvery scales of the finny race glistening through the sung'lt wave, and | the bold bird of the sun, our nation's prido, with the. j mom-streaked sky for his flag, soaring away and still j further away in the cnamolcd vault, as nn oinbloni of my country's genius; and then oould I feel the power ' of nature's hieroglyphical thought. 1 have ft o I there again at evening's mystic hour, when beauty lent its J swo' tness to the eci-hc, and tho sun's rays see ed ! trembling nvvny before those of night's less radiant rjuccn ; the pale smoke from the ncur by cotlagrs curl ! ing in gentle columns upward, as calm and placid as ' the minds of the cottagers, who having done their i daily task, now sal before their doors teaching their little | ones to lisp their young master's name, and evidencing \ happiness in its most unalloyed form; the boatman I tinging tiis Goiuioiic sorig', while the nightingale made j lovo to its own pretty rose; and I huvo thought, it the [onion Isles lent their sunlight to Sappho's song, and Grecian crags their sublimity to Elomcr's verse, that ivory American who might seo our b!ue magnolias ivavo, and the orange groves open their green-arched vistas to where the sunlight dances on the waves of :ho Mexican Gulf, nl"Wt he a poi I too; perchance or c .hough " wlio never ponnc.? his inspiration." J Iiutj oil as l>unto did of his loved but f^lcd Italy : that in >nc short age, Literature should resume her sway, alt -quul to that which Homer and Anacoron huld in lie! as* unforgottcn day. Like some tall cedar shall iter [literature arise, towering fragrant as beautiful over :artli's past monuments of genius, mid recognized afar vufliiig its native inccnso through the skies. EDITORIAL GLEANINGS. THE WAY OF THE WORLD. Ae by tlio stand, with book in hand, One evening I was seated, My little son, that just could run, Approached nic and entreated That I would lay my book away, And in n.y lap \yould set him. So to comply, I laid it bv, Then reaching down to get him, I found the elf, had quit myself, And by his course and laughter, And every look, found 'twas the book, And notmc, that he was after. Thus 'tis with men, five times in ten, In all their fair pretensions : Not what we arc, but what wc have Procure us their attentions. MARIA. Definition of a Uenti.eman.?isy a gentleman re moan not to draw a line that would be invidius between high and low, rank and subordination, iches and poverty. No ; the distinction is in the ihul. Whoever is open, just and true ; whoever i of a humane and allublc demeanor; whoever is onorablc in himself'and in his judgment of others, nd requires no law but his word to maxe him fulfil l n engagement; such a man is a gentleman ;?and i i/'li 1 mnii mnv lin found nmnilir the tillers of the I ' artli as well as in the drawing rooms of the highem and the great. 'riendsliij) 's the wine of life : udge before friendship; then conlidc till death : | friend is worth all hazards we can run. YouNO. | ILT At a wedding recently, which took place at i 10 altar, w'icn the officiating priest put to the lady i ic home question: " Wilt thou have this man to be s ly wedded husband !" she dropped the prct'icst ? jurlcsy, and with a modesty which lent to her 1 jauty an additional grace, replied: ''If you please, ( r." Charming simplicity. U j" ' I hope you will be able to support me," j | iid a ytiug I.i?!y while walking out one evening ' t ith !:< ? intended, diirng i somewhat slippery ? ate < f the ! !: walks. ' s * <> " Why yes," said llic somewhat hesitating swain, " with a little assistance from your lather:" There was some confusion, and a profound silence. From our Charleston Correspondent. Ciiarlkston, January 15. Messrs. EiIitors:?Yesterday evening we received hv Telegraph l he news of the arrival of the Canada. The Liverpool dates are to the 20ih December inclusive. Cotton has advanced a farthing per pound since the sailing of the Cambria. We observe nothing else of j importance to transmit to you by letter. In our cotton market yesterday there was an active enquiry, and pretty fair prices. There were npwaids of 2000 bales sold in the fore part of the day, at about 1 -8th advance on Saturday's prices. At an early hour in the afternoon, the Canada's advices were received, which inline* uiatoiy irnpaneii a rre^n impulse to inc aemana, and nearly 2500 bales were sold, anoiher ad. vance of l-8ih being realized by holders, tho total sales of the day amounting to 4500 bales. To-day ihe market continued firm with very : little alteration. The Equity Courts of Appeals convened yes. I torday. Very little busine.-? of importance has as yet been transacted. We have as an attraction in our city at this lime, the " Great Western (i tis." We have visited the grand "caravan 1 and pronounce it very ordinary. It is astonishing that people of gooi] sen?e will patronize these "money subtracters." We are too much advanced at tho present day for stteh amusements. It must be ! human nature though, and of course this excuses us. Nil am pi ins. DASH, i From the South Carolinian. The following Correspondence has been handed to the National Intelligencer by Col. i i* * BaiiIon. 'The letter from Col. Watts covered the resolutions adopted by the members of our L'"gi>hiture: Executive Department. Cou'JtniA, December 20, 1849. Sir: flis Excellency Whifemarxh B. Sea. | brook, (inventor of South Carolina, has in. structed me to forward to you the resolutions i herewith, approving of the recommendation of the State of MissUsipi for a Southern Conveni tion, to be held at Nashville, Tennessee, on tho first Monday in June next. In accordance with the third resolution, the following gentlemen wore elected to represent the Slate at large in said convention, viz: H. Hammond, and Robert VV. Barn well. I have the honor to be, your most ob't. serv't, B. T. .Watts, Sec'y. To the Hon. Ticomas II. Bkntun, United Slates Senate. Washington, Jan. 10,1850. Sir.: I have the honor lo acknowledge the i receipt of your Excellency's communication of tho 20ih ultimo, and to say that it comes very opportunely for the trial of an issue in Missouri which excites great public expectation. That 's ue wa* joined in the Senate of the United St itps on the 31 in?tant, in the declaration made by me, and dpnicd by my colleague, that tha General As ibly of .Missouri has mistaken tho sentimett of the people, and misconceived their own powers, when they pledged tho Sfoite to co-operate with the slaveholding Statv* in tho nipnsoreM in nrnfTiH.s. Tin. Srim> fnis trying that issu?i was at the August elections of next summer; hut the. time proposed in the resolutions which you soudi^ is. heller, because earlier, and I will take care to make it known in Missouri for the information ofall coneernedk Respectfully, sir, your obedient sorrant, Thomas fl. Bbstox. Got. Ska buboS; Charleston, S. C, From lite Charleston Mercury. \ FEW QUESTIONS TO MY NORTHERN BRETHREN. Messrs. Editors: Bring a natire and resident of the North, and only a traveler hi tfi? Southern States, ( feel privileged to inquire of lial }i.',r''"n ol my fellow citizen* ivho are so hittei in their enmity fo the institution of Jarcry, what is your oliject! To many ofyou I am known as a writer of some on mini and truthfulness, though mostly confined to agricultural subjects, from which I would not now deviate, only in the hope that whatever light 1 may In* able to give, will add a mite to guide us through the threatning darkness, that unless -i? 11...i ...:n n? t,. ISWUII will \nn?"i ?uigi iv mo, much luvuil I'uiou of the Stales of D?yns*? live land. First then : Is that you object ? Do you eaiv ncstly desire dissolution ? If so. why not say so at once? If that is not your object, what is it? What do you propose, in case you can cf. feet the abolition of slavery in all the States? Is it to benefit tlo* negro race, or is it to wreak vcngcnce upon those who hold them? If it is the. former. 1 have only to give my opinion, after a long and careful investigation of I he whole subject, and note extended travel and better opportunity to make o!e.ei vations than has probahly fallen'to any other Northern man, that 110 evil of so fearful import could fill 1 upon the whole mass of the negroes oft lie South this day as to free them from tin' control of their masters. i ukc, men, as a wnote, wua very, tew excep. lions, and they are the host fed, best clothed, hesl housed, best provided lor in sickness, inftut. cy and old age, and lightest worked, of any oth. cr laboring class in the world. And more than that, they enjoy the great ob. ject, end and aim of life, in a higher degree than you yourselves do, for tlicy are more con, tented, cherrfid and happy, and never repine or sigh for liberty; and. in point of mhrality, nay, religion, they exceed any of the. lower orders ofany country, and their masters, instead of being the nion t-rs you deem them, are as well be. loved by their slaves as yon are hy your hireinifs i,li? nuiri'. tiv voor rhildi-ivl I could name hundreds of instances, where I liave seen marks of the strongest ties of alloc ion, and where the death of the master and Distress would |>rodue?s more than real distress unnngihc negroes than would the loss of any iftlu-ir ntiinher. It is a solemn fact, that slave y as it is generally understood at the North, lues not exist at the South. Nowhere have f ever seen any exorcise of hat wanton cruelly so often described. Whip* >in? or other punishment is like. Tubals ac:oimi o| bis pursuit ol Slit lock's daughter.? 'I often come within heating ot her but never "