wammmrw iiibklm?eto?i ???a?bjiw?13m
?l)c tSamitcn 3ountaL
TIIO. J. W\RKE1* & C. A. FRICE,
KOITORS AM) PKOPRIKTOKS.
Forlho Semi Weekly, Three Dollars :m<l Fifty Cents
if paid in advance, or Four Dollars if payment is do
layed three months.
For the Weekly, Two Dollars nnd Fifty Cents in
dvnucc, or Three Dollars after the expiration of three
AFFAIRS IX CEXTIUL AMERICA.
SKRTCtl or TriK FIVR CENTRAL STATES.
The course England has so lately taken, has
drawn universal attention towards Central
America; and we purpose, in some degree, to
satisfy this natural craving for information.?
We will begin with the following summary of
STATES Ot CEiYI'KAE A.11KKU A.
Independence was declared Sept. 21,1821.
Separated from the Mexican Confederation July
1, 1823. Treaty of union between Game- i
mala, Honduras, Nicaragua and San Salvador,
October 7, 1842. Separation of Gautema'a
from the others, October 5. 1815. Gautemala
is divided into seventeen departments, namely :
Gautemala 83.300. Totoniarapnn 84,000
Kacnltepec 39,000,Gueguetenan?io 01.300
San Marco 89,100iChiquimula 71,->00
Surhiliepec 35,100 Vera Paz (5,000
Ksctiintia 13,4G0iSal;una 105.300
AinatitIan 30,100 Isabel 8,000
Santa Rosa 31,000
Mita 65,000 Total, 935,000
San Salvador is composed o( four departments:
San Salvador,or Cnscatlan, with four;
Sqnsonati, with five; San Miguel, with four;
Sau Vicenti, with three districts. The population
is estimated at 363,000.
Nicaragua has five departments, with sixteen
districts. Population 363,000.
Cesta Rica is divided into eight districts.
Population 198,000. It was constituted an in- j
dependent state on the 30;h of April, 1818.
Honduras has seven departments, namely :
Omayagua 85,000 I Tegtizegalpa 45,000
i 'twJut-w.n ftq fldfl I Olnnrhn 45.000
Gracia* 79,000 I Santa Bachara 35.000
Yoro 31,000 |
Recapitulation of Population.
San Salvador, 303,000
Costa Rica, 193,000
Aggregate population, 2,107,000
'it thus appears that Central America 13 composed
of five States, which are Honduras, San
Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Costa
Rica. The principle of States' rights seems to ;
prevail too strongly among these States, and
the General Government not to have force and
eentra!i7!ition enough. As a result of such a
state of things, the union between tho States is
uncertain and precarious, and frequent collisions,
amounting to civil war, have taken place
between them. Only so late as 1848, the littio
State of Nicaragua, containing not qui'e two
thousand square miles, and little more than a j
population of three hundred thousand, declared t
war against its sister State of Costa Rica.
When wc speak of the population of these !
countries, the reader must bear in mind what
sort of a population it is, or he will draw very
erroneous inferences. I he population is a
mixed breed, half of it consisting of what arc
called l^dinosy who are half-breeds?the offspring
of Indians and Whites; the other half is
made up of Indians, with a sprinkling of mulattoes
and negroes. With such a population,
we ought rather to admire the degree of civili
zation they have attained, than to wonder at
the rudeness and barbarism with which they
may be reproached. The happy influence which
the Americans from the United States have
lately exercised upon thern?the tormation of a
company from New York, to unite the .wo
oceans by a canal?the treaties made with them
... *1 . ? i* .1 i? n
on mo pari 01 our uovernmeiu i?v Mr. oquier,
and the prospects ofndvan'ago huld oat to tliein
by such a closo connection with the people of
the United States, has had the effect of allaying
the potty jealousies existing among them, of
opening their minds to other and greater aspirations,
and of uniting them together in the one
object and purpose of improving their country
by aid of the Americans, and raising it to a respectable
rank and station among the nations.
It is much to bo regretted that the policy of the
Jlritish agents should lead them to step in to |
thwart these noblo views, as if to show a determination
that their country shall not be benefitted
at all, if the United States are in any degree
to lie the instruments of conferring the benefit
Central America, composed of these fivo
States, is appropriately namod, as it lies pre
ciseiy mi me ccmre or nre iwo great couiinems
of North and South America, being the con- j i
nectirig link between them. It declared its in- |
dependence in the year 1821, on the 21st ofi
September, having previously formed part of
Mexico, from which it separated in 1822,
which year is by some dated as the year of its i
independence. Since this period, however, the I
disunion among the five States has been sticli |
that they have lormcd separate governments, i
at constant warfare with each other, until lat- I
terly, under the happy influence of America, ' <
they have determined to form a closer union, i
and commissioners met for that purpose in the i
early part of the fall of the present year, and t
signed articles for a new confederation, filiate, i
mala and C<>sia Rica were invited to come in, j
hut they sent no commissioners, their governments
being under the influence of British
agents, ambitious, upstart men, who, having re
sided a few years in the couutry, and gained ,
some power and influence over the simple na- |
lives, feel themselves to be the undoubted Bri- (
tish government, and act accordingly, with as ,
much arrogance and impudence, and exact and j
receive as much homage and rcspoct, as ii'they ^
were iu fact that British government itself.? f
Under this fatal influence the unioooflhc States G
has been retarded. \
The jealousy of the British agents against t
the Unit rd Slates has fre?i<ienlly imposed upon ' i
! Jecc'veJ 'he people of ('ciitral America. 1 v
They endeavored even to instigate theni to
mingle in the combat between Mexico and the
United States, and to espouse the cause of the
About this period, Honduras was morn in
clined to favor the British, and submit to them,
than attend to its own interests. Since then,
it has opened its eyes, entered into treaty with
its, and adopted thn policy of Guatemala; and
as a kind of recornp' ns for her leaning towards
the United States, and laying aside former pre
jiidiceRrthc British have rewarded her by seiz
ing her cities, ami teaiicgdown her flag.
The conduct of the British in seizing upon a
portion of the coast of Central \ineriea, called
the Mosquito shore, and claiming it for herself
as an independent country, on the pretence olj
a grant from an old Indian residing on the
coast, hits already been made known and commented
nnon bv the public press of this country.
I " I * I - .
They ha vp now lakon up the son of the old In
diun, or negro, as some say that he is?dubbed !
him a king?and, under shadow of his name,
pretend now to claim the country from Central
America. The States of Honduras, Guatemala.
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Salvador, rernon.
strated unitedly against this usurpation and seizure
of their country, although Cosla Rica is
now wholly under the influence of the British,
and promises to aid England in her claim on
Of all the States of Central America. Guatemala
seems to be the mo?t important, and to
have acted with the greatest independence and
' energy*. Its affairs have been well conducted
?t,? nlil.t n/lminieir:itinn of General Ra
j pliael Oarrera. This Stale is famous fbr its ex
cellonl cocoa, and produces other articles ot
great value. The whole country, indeed, is
rich in tropica! productions and valuable mine
rals; and from its position, commanding, tis it
does, the whole Gulf of Mexico, would he far
more valuable to us than Cuba Honduras is
famous for its logwood.
When these countries were under the domin '
ion of Spain, the whole wa?s called the Audience
of Guatemala, and Guatemala has ever
sinee been held in the first rank of' the several
Slates which were formerly parts of it. There i
are many beautiful lakes in this fine country,
which also abounds with gold and silver. The
cliiefof these lakes islhat of Niearauga. It is
120 miles long by 40 broad, and communicates
with the Caribbean Sea, in the waters of the
West Indies, by the river St. Juan. On the
other side of this lake, the distance by land to
the Pacific Ocean is only IS miles There it
is that tho New York Company lias begun its
operations to unite the Pacific and Atlantic
Oceans, through the lakes St. Leon and Nica
The history of Central America is summed
up in few words. Under Spain it obtained more
importance th in it ever has since its independ.
once, ft first formed a part of iho Mexican
Confederation ; then, in 1821, became independent;
since which period, till the present
moment, when the questions of Mosquito, Hon
duras, Salvador and Nicaragua have arisen, it
has slcpi away its life in tropical indolence, like |
. ? L _ _ L! _ L ! _
the groat uoa constrictor wnen nis siomacn is
full. Hut now, if we mistake not, Central A inc.
rica will rise into incalculable importance and
dignity. Two enterprising nations, like Eng
land and the United States, contending for the
commercial supremacy th,vre, will give new life
to the people, and bring out the resources of the
W AsntNC.TON, Jan. 13, 1850.
Mr. Amos K. Wood was tnisreporled, In
some of the papers, in the account of!,is spe*'*h
on the election of .Mr. Campbell. His thunder j
was not directed, not against the South Caroli.
na delegation only, hut against the whole South.
The following is the official report of Mr.
Wood's proclamation, on the part of the Northern
nomocracy, to wit:
"Mr. Wood said, he was extremely gratified
that the Southern Democrats had shown
their lino principles and position, in the icstilt
ofihe last ballot; that he felt relieved; and, that
a dissolution of political connections bcticc.cn the
Northern and Sou'hern Democracy ought to take
It is very likely to take place, as things arc
going on and, this Congress will do what it can
to promote the object. Mr. Wood is to be the
Democratic candidate for (tovernor of Ohio,
and, of course, may be considered as representing
the sentiments <>l the party of that State.
Cor. of the Courier.
A White Negro.*?Some eight er nine
years ago, we noticed in the Carolinian something
of a natural curiosity?a negro man with
white spots on his face about the mouth, lie
was an old man, probably fifty, as black as any
African, who had been bitten in his boyhood,
by a rattle snake pilot. We thought then he
was a good subject tor museum, but to our astonishment,
he came to town a few weeks ago,
almost a white man ! tho only traces of the negro
about him were his kinky hair, and some
spots or streaks such as would be made upon
the skin ofa white person by the application of
lunar caustic. Tho probability is, if ho lives
five years longer, that thoro will not he tho traces
of a negro about him except his hair.
Here is a (homo for a philosopher. .Man)' i
learned essays have been written, theorizing i
upon the cause or causes of the color and other ]
peculiarities of the African race. No other ,
cause than the snake bite can be assigned for
this astonishing metamorphosis, and the pliiioso. j
pliy of its operation would no doubt puzzle the
most eminent chemist. '
l!ul so it is; we have a white negro in North '
Carolina. And we would suggest to his master 1
if he excuse the impertinence of ti.e remark, '
hat he can make more money by exhibiting t
hrough the country, than he can by his labor, t
flux lives fill v vnars longer: although he is si
- J J o i o "
oily old id I low, can crack a joke yet.
FaycUcoiUc (/V. C.) Carolinian. i
"Wiro can Solve this Promlem ?"?Fill a f
vine glass to llio brim with water, or if possi)lc,
rai.so it in the glass even higher than the
dge, hy letting one drop fall at a time until the
water presents a convex siirlitce, When this j
s done, drop into the glass as many common
>ins as will (ill it, and the water will not overlow.
This simple experiment may ho very
ssisily tried; hut I never have seen it explained*. ^
V at or is not compressible in a wine glass, and ^
he pins arc made of solid metal, yet the water v
a the glass leinainsas it was heloro the pins,
vore dropped ia. ! *
Jg. MtirMMCTrwaegMWMBaCTarJ ^iLjn'u -i-i .ni??
CAMDEN, S. C.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 19,1850.
OUR RAIL ROAD,
We must think, is doing well; the depot prescnts^an
active, business appearance; the commodious
platform erected for I lie reception of cotton
has been kept lately, well supplied wiili the precious
commodity. The interior of the depot is
prctly well filled with mcrchah izc, which is constantly
coming and going. Those connected with
the management of this Branch are business men,
and are disposed to accommodate the public. Wc
are not disposed to find fault, but we think the
n- - I I - i . 1 1.. ... I._
travelling puunc migiii ana otigut iu uu uuuur ?iucoimnodated,
and therefore again suggest that the
building erected especially for a passenger depot
be called into immediate use.
That the Kail Road has benefitted Camden cannot
be reasonably doubted. A cotcmporary says:
"The Camden Journal has come to hand as a semi
weekly paper. The railroad has brought this
about. There is nothing like going ahead when
i\s agennrai rum, n is a jrrcmcr error 10 ihik
Utn much, than not enough. We must howcvpr. be
indulged for a short time, even at ?he risk of being
charged with cgrtism, to speak of ourselves. Although
our connection with the Journal has been
brief, yet in this period we have had much to encourage
us. Those f iends who have been, and
arc still exerting themselves in our behalf, have
our sincere acknowledgments for the same, hoping
that they may not weary in w II doing.
It is the peculiar fortune of the "Knight of the
nuill," to receive various communications. Our
friend and neighbor of the South Carolinian, in a
late edition illustrated this idea to perfection,
which wc regret is not at hand to copy. The order,
"send tour paper," is an evolution (if we
tnay use the term,) in most cases easily perform
ed; whilst its opposite?discontinue?is, in some
cases reluctantly obeyed. Yet sometimes complied
with cheerfully, as i* saves the pressman unnecessary
labor.' It has been our good fortune to
perforin the first of these orders several times?
while it has only happened that the latter had to
be obeyed in a few isolated instances. Our present
list of subscribers, we are not anxious to curtail,
but want an abundant increase, and hope we may
not be disappointed in getting them; we will try
however, not to deceive ourselves, so far as to
"Take fan days in winter for the spring,
And keep in store
Onn rlic'-?nnnint n.oiU cnrn tn r rnvr n t hr? rrv^f.
The- disappointment of a promised hour?''
The Weather, in social and fireside' circles is
generally the first topic discussed after the usual
compliments of ?he day. We thinl| the conclusion
will bo arrived at by all, that we have a fickle climate,
and the strangest kind, and the most unseasonable,
weather ever known. On Sunday last,
the day was warm and cloudy; the eveniug was
rainy, with loud thunder and sharp lightning. On
Monday, clear and very cold, which continued untii
Wednesday; since which we have had a little
of all sorts?rain, clouds, and sunshine. It would
puzzle the barometer to keep up with the weather |
?for it is first cold and then warm* The sudden |,
transitions irom iival to cold, would give the lelo- I
graph as much as It can do to keep pace with the
" Nine days of fierce encounter passed,
Ami mntiu n li.-itiln.fifiu?til iv;ib rivnn:
And twonly ballotings;?at last
To Campbell was tho Clerkship given."
The Washington Union comc3 out with a long
article, condemnatory of the course of those Democrats
who voted for Mr. Campbell?even speaks
of them iu it".lies. Mr. Vcuablc also came
out in Stnday's Union, with a card, in which
lie says, "that until they saw that Forney could
not be elected, they voted for him." Wo arc persuaded
that scarcely a voice will bo heard in the
South, condemning the vote of the eight. We
have a Southern Democratic Speaker?at 'east,
Southern so far as locality goes?the ofiicc of Clerk
is one of comparatively of petty worth. Mr. Campbell,
though a Whig, is a Southern Whig nnd a
Southern man; which latter qualification is enough,
taken in company with his other excellencies, to
pardon the eight in their temporary desertion from
the Democratic ranks. Mr. Campbell certainly
possesses suporior qualifications for Clerk, so fir
as a "migli/y vuice" is concerned, which, judging
from tlie "noise and confusion" with which that
body is generally blessed, is no unnecessary properly.
(D""The prospects of our town arc certainly very
flattering. Storm and sunshine, alilte, find out
streets tilled with wagons?some from almost every
direction. The Darlington trade, which, un- ?
til lately, has passed off in other directions, has
uuiiiv 111??juiiu au iiUAiiuxitw uiiiiu uji mv uauu pj
if Camden. North Carolina finds Camden her j v
best market, while all the intervening [country
>ours in its valuable trade. Why should it not be |,
We believe that the merchants of Camden a
ivill give as much for cotton, sell their goods as a
:heap, and treat the customer as gentlemanly as 8|
hose of any other town. Come on, then?build
he Rlank Road, and all of you come. |]l
QT W. J. Allston, Esq., of Fairfield, has been ^
loininatcd by a correspondent of the Palmetto Stale *'
[tanner, as a candidate to fill the executive otlice ^
or the next Gubernatorial term.
FATHER M ATI JEW ll
Arrived at Columbia on Tuesday evening the l''
Q J" The vote taken on the annexation of the
^eck to the city of Charleston resulted as follows : 81
Vgainst annexation, 4?W; for if, 22. What good
vill it do ? Has not the edict gone forth that the sa
Seek shall become a part and parcel o! the w
LJ1 -I-W-l i- HUMwmjuj l-U Jl.^1 . .J ..J.
ET A Tolcgriphic despatch from Charleston
states that 4:500 bales of cotton were sold on
Thursday, and that tlie sales of the week amounted
to 8400 baes, at I *2 J to 10 cents.
D" As there i' nothing doing; in Congress, we
can give our readers no Congressional doings.
AMERICANISM IN LITERATURE.
Unlike other nation?, we inherited with our being,
" a Literature," and like other inheritances, it has
proved both a blessing and a curse. I know not wholiter
it is better for genius in youth to be trammeled by
poverty, or fostered by lit* hand of wealth; but I
know when youth is pulling on mnihood, and fancy's
features are changing into those of experience, it were
better for genius to leave the trodden path?to trust
to its ow^Pinherent powers, and aim at an external life
beyond our futc. As in Literature, so was it in
Politics: wo grew froin earlier childhood benenlh a
foreign Constitution. But the day enmo when patriot
ism threw off the shackles of foreign despotism. and
unfurled to American freezes the glittering banner of
political liberty. How long, then, before American
gccnius shall acliieve the proud triumph of unfurling
the banner cf Americanism in Literature high in the
heaven of thciight? Why should mind bo trammeled
whore matter has nsscrtod her rights ??why not be
free in Literature as well ns in Politics ? I know 'tis
difficult to light a v ay through chaos, or to be a pioneer?the
first to strike tluough the wild forest of Amc.
rican letters ;?for Literature, as well as Religion, is n
spiritual immortality?the magic glass in which you soc
developed the mind of a nation, with all its moralities
and immoralities strangely blended and ho who di
vests himself of foreign style?of foreign thought?of
foreign conceptions?and draws from tho rich resources
of our native land the material lor his prose, and the
ideal for his poetry, will be the Washington of our Li??"? ?
I?.J,.,,An/l/.n/in ff io nrlmilL/l ntron l\u 11 in an
iwiuijr IIIU1:|H,IIUU|IVI.. la uuiui?h\u| V. VII ./J mvrv
who arc opposed lo our Institutions, that no country
possesses a hotter foundation for a National Litornlure.
Wo have hut to write from texts displayed in nature's
wild book, acknowledging for its frontispiece the im
press of Jehovah's hand, and wo have a nation's fnm
est support?a virtuous Literature. Why go to Europe's
battle fields, or follow Asia's Mohammedan hordes, for
historic material ? Write the hisiory of Peru's gelden
clime, ond Mexico's sunny snii?how the wild ndven. J
turcrs with Do Soto wardered through the trackless
forests and deep swamps of llio unknown west,?and
how tho heroes of'76 battled in the cause of freedom
Why go to the vale of Parnassus, or qn iff the waters
of Castalia's fabled fount ? Let the imagination of the
American poet divine tho story of ruined Chi ipa,?the
proud race of Huan Capac.?and the history or that
strange pcoplo who oven in naturo's temple, this wil
derncss America, knew of the Great Spirit, and inin- i
gled iy their legendary lore the bright fancies of the
I have stood l?y llic side of our Soulhorn lakes when
the detv seemed tcais shed by Aurora because she ]
eould not make love to the flowers alone, while the
morning birds chattered on every branch, as I thought, J
their hymns of praise to Him who preserved and shcl
tcrcd them through the night, the silvery scales of the
finny race glistening through the sung'lt wave, and |
the bold bird of the sun, our nation's prido, with the. j
mom-streaked sky for his flag, soaring away and still j
further away in the cnamolcd vault, as nn oinbloni of
my country's genius; and then oould I feel the power '
of nature's hieroglyphical thought. 1 have ft o I there
again at evening's mystic hour, when beauty lent its J
swo' tness to the eci-hc, and tho sun's rays see ed !
trembling nvvny before those of night's less radiant
rjuccn ; the pale smoke from the ncur by cotlagrs curl !
ing in gentle columns upward, as calm and placid as '
the minds of the cottagers, who having done their i
daily task, now sal before their doors teaching their little |
ones to lisp their young master's name, and evidencing \
happiness in its most unalloyed form; the boatman I
tinging tiis Goiuioiic sorig', while the nightingale made j
lovo to its own pretty rose; and I huvo thought, it the
[onion Isles lent their sunlight to Sappho's song, and
Grecian crags their sublimity to Elomcr's verse, that
ivory American who might seo our b!ue magnolias
ivavo, and the orange groves open their green-arched
vistas to where the sunlight dances on the waves of
:ho Mexican Gulf, nl"Wt he a poi I too; perchance or c
.hough " wlio never ponnc.? his inspiration." J Iiutj
oil as l>unto did of his loved but f^lcd Italy : that in
>nc short age, Literature should resume her sway, alt
-quul to that which Homer and Anacoron huld in lie!
as* unforgottcn day. Like some tall cedar shall iter
[literature arise, towering fragrant as beautiful over
:artli's past monuments of genius, mid recognized afar
vufliiig its native inccnso through the skies.
THE WAY OF THE WORLD.
Ae by tlio stand, with book in hand,
One evening I was seated,
My little son, that just could run,
Approached nic and entreated
That I would lay my book away,
And in n.y lap \yould set him.
So to comply, I laid it bv,
Then reaching down to get him,
I found the elf, had quit myself,
And by his course and laughter,
And every look, found 'twas the book,
And notmc, that he was after.
Thus 'tis with men, five times in ten,
In all their fair pretensions :
Not what we arc, but what wc have
Procure us their attentions.
Definition of a Uenti.eman.?isy a gentleman
re moan not to draw a line that would be invidius
between high and low, rank and subordination,
iches and poverty. No ; the distinction is in the
ihul. Whoever is open, just and true ; whoever
i of a humane and allublc demeanor; whoever is
onorablc in himself'and in his judgment of others,
nd requires no law but his word to maxe him fulfil l
n engagement; such a man is a gentleman ;?and i
i/'li 1 mnii mnv lin found nmnilir the tillers of the I '
artli as well as in the drawing rooms of the highem
and the great.
'riendsliij) 's the wine of life :
udge before friendship; then conlidc till death : |
friend is worth all hazards we can run.
ILT At a wedding recently, which took place at i
10 altar, w'icn the officiating priest put to the lady i
ic home question: " Wilt thou have this man to be s
ly wedded husband !" she dropped the prct'icst ?
jurlcsy, and with a modesty which lent to her 1
jauty an additional grace, replied: ''If you please, (
r." Charming simplicity.
U j" ' I hope you will be able to support me," j |
iid a ytiug I.i?!y while walking out one evening ' t
ith !:< ? intended, diirng i somewhat slippery ?
ate < f the ! !: walks. ' s
" Why yes," said llic somewhat hesitating swain,
" with a little assistance from your lather:" There
was some confusion, and a profound silence.
From our Charleston Correspondent.
Ciiarlkston, January 15.
Messrs. EiIitors:?Yesterday evening we
received hv Telegraph l he news of the arrival
of the Canada. The Liverpool dates are to
the 20ih December inclusive. Cotton has advanced
a farthing per pound since the sailing of
the Cambria. We observe nothing else of
j importance to transmit to you by letter. In our
cotton market yesterday there was an active
enquiry, and pretty fair prices. There were
npwaids of 2000 bales sold in the fore part of
the day, at about 1 -8th advance on Saturday's
prices. At an early hour in the afternoon, the
Canada's advices were received, which inline*
uiatoiy irnpaneii a rre^n impulse to inc aemana,
and nearly 2500 bales were sold, anoiher ad.
vance of l-8ih being realized by holders, tho
total sales of the day amounting to 4500 bales.
To-day ihe market continued firm with very
: little alteration.
The Equity Courts of Appeals convened yes.
I torday. Very little busine.-? of importance has
as yet been transacted.
We have as an attraction in our city at this
lime, the " Great Western (i tis." We have
visited the grand "caravan 1 and pronounce it
very ordinary. It is astonishing that people of
gooi] sen?e will patronize these "money subtracters."
We are too much advanced at tho
present day for stteh amusements. It must be
! human nature though, and of course this excuses
us. Nil am pi ins. DASH,
From the South Carolinian.
The following Correspondence has been
handed to the National Intelligencer by Col.
i i* *
BaiiIon. 'The letter from Col. Watts covered
the resolutions adopted by the members of our
Cou'JtniA, December 20, 1849.
Sir: flis Excellency Whifemarxh B. Sea.
| brook, (inventor of South Carolina, has in.
structed me to forward to you the resolutions
i herewith, approving of the recommendation of
the State of MissUsipi for a Southern Conveni
tion, to be held at Nashville, Tennessee, on tho
first Monday in June next.
In accordance with the third resolution, the
following gentlemen wore elected to represent
the Slate at large in said convention, viz:
H. Hammond, and Robert VV. Barn well.
I have the honor to be, your most ob't. serv't,
B. T. .Watts, Sec'y.
To the Hon. Ticomas II. Bkntun, United
Washington, Jan. 10,1850.
Sir.: I have the honor lo acknowledge the
i receipt of your Excellency's communication of
tho 20ih ultimo, and to say that it comes very
opportunely for the trial of an issue in Missouri
which excites great public expectation. That
's ue wa* joined in the Senate of the United
St itps on the 31 in?tant, in the declaration made
by me, and dpnicd by my colleague, that tha
General As ibly of .Missouri has mistaken tho
sentimett of the people, and misconceived their
own powers, when they pledged tho Sfoite to
co-operate with the slaveholding Statv* in tho
nipnsoreM in nrnfTiH.s. Tin. Srim> fnis
trying that issu?i was at the August elections of
next summer; hut the. time proposed in the resolutions
which you soudi^ is. heller, because
earlier, and I will take care to make it known
in Missouri for the information ofall coneernedk
Respectfully, sir, your obedient sorrant,
Thomas fl. Bbstox.
Got. Ska buboS; Charleston, S. C,
From lite Charleston Mercury.
\ FEW QUESTIONS TO MY NORTHERN
Messrs. Editors: Bring a natire and resident
of the North, and only a traveler hi tfi?
Southern States, ( feel privileged to inquire of
lial }i.',r''"n ol my fellow citizen* ivho are so
hittei in their enmity fo the institution of Jarcry,
what is your oliject! To many ofyou I am
known as a writer of some on mini and truthfulness,
though mostly confined to agricultural
subjects, from which I would not now deviate,
only in the hope that whatever light 1 may In*
able to give, will add a mite to guide us
through the threatning darkness, that unless
-i? 11...i ...:n n? t,.
ISWUII will \nn?"i ?uigi iv
mo, much luvuil I'uiou of the Stales of D?yns*?
First then : Is that you object ? Do you eaiv
ncstly desire dissolution ? If so. why not say
so at once? If that is not your object, what is
it? What do you propose, in case you can cf.
feet the abolition of slavery in all the States?
Is it to benefit tlo* negro race, or is it to wreak
vcngcnce upon those who hold them? If it is
the. former. 1 have only to give my opinion, after
a long and careful investigation of I he whole
subject, and note extended travel and better
opportunity to make o!e.ei vations than has probahly
fallen'to any other Northern man, that 110
evil of so fearful import could fill 1 upon the
whole mass of the negroes oft lie South this day
as to free them from tin' control of their masters.
i ukc, men, as a wnote, wua very, tew excep.
lions, and they are the host fed, best clothed,
hesl housed, best provided lor in sickness, inftut.
cy and old age, and lightest worked, of any oth.
cr laboring class in the world.
And more than that, they enjoy the great ob.
ject, end and aim of life, in a higher degree
than you yourselves do, for tlicy are more con,
tented, cherrfid and happy, and never repine or
sigh for liberty; and. in point of mhrality, nay,
religion, they exceed any of the. lower orders ofany
country, and their masters, instead of being
the nion t-rs you deem them, are as well be.
loved by their slaves as yon are hy your hireinifs
i,li? nuiri'. tiv voor rhildi-ivl
I could name hundreds of instances, where I
liave seen marks of the strongest ties of alloc
ion, and where the death of the master and
Distress would |>rodue?s more than real distress
unnngihc negroes than would the loss of any
iftlu-ir ntiinher. It is a solemn fact, that slave y
as it is generally understood at the North,
lues not exist at the South.
Nowhere have f ever seen any exorcise of
hat wanton cruelly so often described. Whip*
>in? or other punishment is like. Tubals ac:oimi
o| bis pursuit ol Slit lock's daughter.?
'I often come within heating ot her but never
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