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?-*mmma^ssseaammmBaam From tbe Charleston Mercury, OFFICIAL ACCOUNT OF THE LAST HOURS AND DEATH OF MR. CALHOUN. Washington, D. C. March 31,1850. GEXTtKKKX: This morning, at the age of 69 years, John C. Calhoun expired. Long as his death has been apprehended, it comes upon us as an hnlooked for bereavement The star of the Western hemisphere has been stricken from the firmament. It belongs now to another universe. All unite in feeling that our Republic has lost its most brilliant ornament and a large section its almost idolized champion. During nearly half a century of public life, in which Mr. Calhoun has gone through all the various stages of political advancement?save one? from the local to the jreneral Legislature, from the Cabinet to the Vice Presidency back again to the Senate, he has been regarded as the great Statesman and Patriot of the age. He now slumbers in death. His last boars were in anison with his whole career. * \ Yesterday it became clearly apparent that he could survive bat a very short period. He was restless iand evidently weaker, but notwithstanding he set up for two hours in the early part of the day. He conversed very little until evening when some letters were read to him, upon which he commented. Ho spoke of the feelings of the South on the present agitating subject, afid express his confidence that there would soon be but one sentiment, that the Southern people would unite as one man against Northern aggression. His confidence in the Southern people was unwavering to the last At half-past 12 o'clock he commenced breathing heavily, which occasioned some alarm to his Sou, 0r. Calhoun, the only member of his family present during his last illness. He ren^rked that he felt unnseally wakeful, and requested his son to lie down, who objected.-Then he asked his son if he felt uneasy t His scfcieplied,"! do; had vou not better take some wine, father?" He replied: "No; I don't require any more stimulus." His son felt his poise, remarking, that it was very low. Mr. Calhoun said: "I feel that I am sinking, but you had better lie down, John." His son did as he was requested, but felt very uneasy, as the difficulty of breathing still continued. At 2 o'clock this morning, he called in a vary feeble voices "John, come to me." He did so, when Mr. Calhoun put out his arm and asked him to feci his pulse, remarking: " I have no pulsation at the wrist Take ray watch from the table and put it in your trunk;" which was done. He then pointed to a bureau of drawers, and said: "Take my papers, and put them also in your trunk." (These papers are the manuscript work ,on Government and the Constitution.) He then remarked: " the medicine has had a delightful effect I am in a pleasant perspiration." At about 5 o'clock, his son took aseat by the fire, dealing his father to take some rest, who said he had not rested at all. Hi6 son asked if he had any pain! He replied: "No, I have not felt the slightest pain throngh'ont this whole attack." His son asked: "Are you comfortable now?" He replied: "I ana perfectly comfortable." These were the last words of Mr. Calhoun. At about quarter before six lie made a sign with his.hsnd for his son toapproaoh the bed. Holding out his hand, he took that of his son, grasped it?losely, looking very intently into hislkce, and moving his hps as if he desired to sneak. His son perceiving that he was speechless, at once colled the Hon. Mr. Venable, of North Carolina. When the latter went to his bedside, Mr. Calhoun took hold of his band, pressed it, and presented his wrist, apparentfy to indicate his approaching dissolution. He looked Mr. Venable very intently in the face while he was feehn<? his Dolse. Mr. Venable remarked: "Yon are pulseless, sir, and must take ?ome wine," and called for Madeira. Mr. Calhoun pointed to the wardrobe. Mr. Venalie got the wine from thence, aud poured out half a tumbler full Mr. Calhoun took it In his hand, raised ins head and dr&nk it Mr. Venable then left the room to summon some friends who were absent about 5 minutes. Soon after the Hon. Mr, Orr, and also the Hon. Mr Wallace. both of South Carolina, entered the room. tllieii the door opened, his eyes were directed towards it, and were fixed upon Mr. Orr as he walked towards him, until he reached the bed. Mr. Orr, leaned over to feel his pulse. Seeing his purpose, Mr. Calhonn extended his arm. He was asked if he would have the physician, Dr. Hall, sent for. He shook his head. He then presented his wrist to Mr. Venable, who - remarked: there is no return of pulsation." He adjusted his head on the pillow, looked Mr. Venable in the face, with an expression which seemed to say: "I am perfectly conscious that it is oil over." A few moments after, when breathing with great difficulty, he put one hand to the top of his head, then passed it through his hair, and brought it down again upon his breast He then breathed quietly, except a slight rattling in his throat, his eyes retaining their brightness, and his countenance its natural expression,'until the last baeath, (which tvQQ rlpdwn tvifK a /toon incnirntmn \ H'lipn litR ?UO vn M II ?l 1U| a UVV/|/ " ?>_?- eyes suddenly became dim. They were immediately closed by Mr. Venable. After Mr. Calhoun's eyes were closed, his countenance was that of one who bad fallen quietly asleep. He was conscious to the last moment At about 8 o'clock On the evening previous to bis death, Mr. Calhoun remarked that his mind was never clearer; that he had great facility in arranging his thoughts; and in reply to a remark of his son's that he was overtaskinnr bin mind with tlimkinnf tin oairl " f nnnnnt avoid thinking of the political affairs of the country. If I could have but one hour to speak in the Senate, I could do more good than on any previous occasion of my life." J. A. S. Death op Mh. Calhoun.?Just as we are going to press, we received the Charleston Courier, authenticating the rumor of the death of Hon. John C. Calhoun. The noblest patriot, the ripest scholar, the purest statesman, has ceased his labors, and gone to seek a reward were aspersion ean never reach the verdict of his worth. Tho brightest star of the western hemisphere is paled in death. The untiring defender of true liberty and personal rights, makes a last masterly effort ana wliilo the laurels a round his brow are jet green; sinks into the grave deplored by all who have a heart to throb or an' eye to weep. Magnanimous Calhoun, pure-embodiment-of untainted chivalry and i honor, thou art gone; not so thy memory, it shall live, while America has a name or freedom a champion. The tongue that would hymn thy praise is struck dumb with grief; the pen that would do justice to all that is left to us, thy name and deeds, refuses the duty. The children of the South may gather under the ci/pres*, and their fathers may crape its branches with mourning, and the Southern sun may go down in clouds, for John C. Calhoun is no more.?Hornets Nest. Dkath op John C. Calhoun.?Our city on SSnndair wna in deen doom at the announce ment of the death of Joiix C. Calkoun, which was received here by telegraph. You could scarcely meet any one whose countenance was not overcast with gloom, and when the question was asked, have you heard of the death of Mr. Calhoun ? it was like making the enquiry concerning a near and dear friend or relative. Truly has a great man fallen. We have not time or ability to do justice to the memory of this great statesman, bat will leave the task to abler hands. As a mark of our deep respect for him, we put the Constitutionalist in deep mourning.?Augusta Constitutionalist. Reported for the Baltimore Snn. XXXI CONGRESS-FIRST SESSION. Washington, April 2, 1850. Senate.?The funeral of the Hon. John C. Calhoun, late a Senator from Soutn uaronna, took place to-day, according to the order of yesterday. The committee of arrangements, pall-bearers and mourners, attended at Mr, Hills. (Capitol Hill) the late residence of the deceased, at 11 o'clock A. M., at which time the corpse was removed, in charge of the committee of arrangements, attended by the Sergennt-at-Arms of the Senate, to the Senate Chamber, where divine service was performed. The bier on which the coffin was laid, was brought into the Senate Chamber and deposited in the front of the Chair. The President of the United States, the Speaker and Members of the House, the Diplomatic Corps, Judges of the Supreme Court, the Cabinet Miuisters, and Officers of the Army and Navy attended and took the seats assigned them. The Chaplain of the Senate, (Rev. Dr. Butler,) offered a prayer, and, after reading the 15th chapter of 1st Corinthians, delivered an appropriate address. The procession was then formed, and moved to the eastern portico, where carriages were taken to the Cemetery, in the following order: The Chaplains of both Houses of Congress. Physicians who attended the deceased. Committee of Arrangements. Mr. Mason, Mr. Dodge, of Wis. Mr. Davis, ot Miss. Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Atchison, Mr. Greene. Pall-Bearers. Mr. Maugum, I Mr. Cass, Mr. Clay, I Mr. King, Mr. Webster, | Mr. Berrien. The family and friends of the deceased. The Senator and Representatives from the State of South Carolina, as mourners. The Sergeant-at-armB of the Senate of the United States. The Senate of the United States, preceded by the Vice President of the U.States and the Secretary. The Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives, preceded by their Speaker and Clerk. The President of the United States. The Heads of Departments. The Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, and its Officers. rrfi T\!_l i!. n ine JLripioinauc vsurpn, Judges of the United States. Officers of the Executive Departments. Officers of the Army and Navy. Hie Maj'or of Washington. Citizens and Strangers. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker called the House to order at 12 M., the Journal of yesterday was read, and approved ; and the House, headed by its Sergeantat-Arras, proceeded to the Senate Chamber. Alter uniting in the funeral ceremonies, the House adjourned till to-morrow. From the Charleston Mercury. HONORS TO THE MEMORY OF MR. CALHOUN. We copy below the proceedings of the New York Legislature on the receipt of the news of i Mr. Caluoujv's death. It is a distinguished and unusual tribute. Waut of room compels us to omit the proceedings of the public authorities of Washington, of New York city, and of Wilmington, N. C. Meetings had been called ' * . t * t_ at various points, wnosc results nave noi readied us. Everywhere the news of Mr. Calhoun's death has made a deep impression, and called forth manifestations of the great reverence for his genius and character. We recall no instance iu history, where political friends and opponents approached so near to each other iu their judgment of the merits of a public man so long prominent and active, as in this case ot Mr. Calhoun NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. Senate?Tuesday.?The Governor transmit ted the following communication: State ofNew York, Executive Department Albany, April 2,1850. TVi thp. Tie.iriitlalure i We learn from the public journals that the Hon. John C. Calhoun died at Washington on the morning of Sunday last His death is an event of interest and a source of grief to all sections of the country, in whose services nearly the whole of his active life has been spent I believe, therefore, that I consult the public sense of propriety, not less than my own feelings, in giving you this official information of his decease. Mr. Cnlhoun became connected with the Federal Government at an early age, and died in its service. He has been a member of the House of Representatives, Secretary of State, Secretary of. War,,Senator in Congress, and Vice President of the United States. In each of these stations he has been distinguished for ability, integrity and independence. He has taken a prominent part in every great question which has agitated the country during the last fifty years, and has exerted a commanding influence upon the whole coarse of our public policy. In Lis death the Nation has lost a statesman of consumate ability; and of unsullied character. It is fitting that this_State should evince sorrow at lu's death, by such action as her Representatives may deem appropriate. Hamilton Fish. Mr. Morgan offered the following resolution: That a Select Committee of three be appointed on the part of the Senate, to meet with a Committee on the part of the Assembly, to re port resolutions expressive of the sense of the Legislature, relative to the death of tho Hon. John C. Calhoun?and that the Senate will meet at 4 o'clock this afternoon, to hear the report of said -Committee. The resolution was unanimously adopted. The Select Committee on the part of the Senate on the Calhoun resolutions, arc Messrs. Morgan, Mann and Babcock. ASSEMBLY. The Governor transmitted to the House a Message announcing the death of Mr. Calhoun. The proceedings of the Senate on this subject were read, designating a committee on the part of the Senate, and requesting a like committee on part oi the House. Mr. Foitl, after a few appropriate remarks, moved a concurrence in the resolution of the c? I oenaie.i Mr. Raymond concurred in the motion and paid a brief tribute to the memory of the deceased, as a citizen and statesman. Mr. Bacon followed, conceding to Mr. Calhoun great intellect and virtue. Messrs. Monroe and Varnum also sustained the motion. The resolutions were unanimously adopted; and the Ciiair named Messrs. Ford, Monroe, Godard, Raymond and Church, as the Commitmittec on the part of the House. Recess to 4. vi'vvivn evccrnv Mr. Morgan, from the Joint Select Committee appointed on the Message o^the Governor, announcing the death of tiie C. Calhoun, offered the following ^^^^wis, which were unanimously adopted Resolved, That the Legi^^^^^ne State of New York have heard j^^^^^^^ret of the deatli of the Hon. Joj^^^^HH), United States Senator from ifomi^arolma; that they entertain sentiments of profound respect for the pre-eminent ability, the unsullied character and the high-minded independence, which, throughout his life, distinguished his devotion to the public service; and that they unite with their fcliow-citizens throughout the Union in deploring his death as a public calamity. Resolved, That the Governor of this State"be requested to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the President of the Senate of the United States, with a request that the same be entered on their journal; and a copy to the Governor of the State of South Carolina, with a request that he transmit tho same to the iamily of the deceased. Resolved, Tliat as a token of respect to the memory of the deceased, the public offices be closed, and the flag at the Capitol be displayed at half-mast for twenty-four hours, and that the Senate do now adjourn. The same resolutions were passed by the Assembly, which also adjourned. from the t iiarlMton t onner. CALHOUN. BT MRS. MABY 8. WHITAXER. Bear back our noble dead? The mighty and the wise! Fallen the stately head, And closed the lightning eyes. Mute now the lips of fire And fled the patriot soul That dared Oppression's ire And spurned our foes' control. Bear back our noble chief! Lay him in Southern ground: Deep-felt and stern our grief, As slow we pile the mound. 1118 voice is in our ears? His counsel in our heart; And, still unknowing fear, The South will act her part. Our banner o'er his grave Unfurl'd, shall flutter soon, 1 Inscrib'd?behold it wave!? u Rights.of the South?CalhounT Northern Scnoot Books.?The gentleman alluded to in the following notice from the ( Charleston Mercury, if we are not mistaken, was in this place a few days since, and may be here now. We do not know that he is aware of the offensive matter in the book alluded to, but we think it would be well for teachers to examine it before introducing it in their schols: , [South Carolinian.] ?ThA?> la nr wan l.itplvin this citv. a iren- I ?, v. j ? ?o? tleman from Maine, apparently a very amiable gentleman, who has exerted himself to have introduced into our schools a text book called "A Course of Reading," &c. by H. Mandeville. 1 In the 7th edition of this book, p. 144, is the following passage: "When the African was first brought to these shores, would he have violated a solemn obligation by slipping his chain, and flying back to his native home: would he not have been bound to seize tho precious opportunity of escape?" There are several other objectionable passages; but I wish to call the attention of teachers who may think of introducing this book, to a long piece on page 225, entitled, "The existence of slavery ;ncon- < sistent with our principles and institutions." A Youthful Paoaxim.?The Portsmouth (Va.) Pilot thus styles Theodore Thomas, of that place, who though but fourteen years old, is now a pro- . fessional fiddler, and* was last winter leader or the orchestra at the Avon theatre. Ho is now on a ' visit to Baltimore. I . CAMDEN, S. C. TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 9, 1850. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLlfeNOE. Reported Expre?ily for the Journal. Baltimobe, April 6. The New York Commercial of to-day publisher J a letter from St. Pauls, in Minesota Territory, announcing the safety of Sir John Franklin. i Char. Mercury. \ p?? We are requested to give notice that the t> t _.ti r?? r n n _m n-ev. James r unnan or xvev. ?. v. jl?. nui preach in the Baptist Church on Thursday eve^ ning next at early caudle light ./ The remains of Mrs. Vaughan, and her daughter, Miss Virginia, arrived here on Sunday evening last under the charge of Mr. C. Vaugban. The funeral ceremonies took place to-day, at the Presbyterian Church, attended by a large number of friends and relatives; after which they were consigned to their last, long home, to await the summons which shall arouse their sleeping dust to the resurrection of the just, and to life eternal. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. The following Brethren were on Thursday evening, 4th inst., regularly installed as Officers of wateree division i>o. y, to serve tor toe present quarter: W. M. Shannon, W. P. . Z. J. DeHay,W. A. . W. H. It Workman, R. S. C. A. McDonald, A. R. S. J. J. Workman, F. S. L. W. Ballard, T. . R. J. McCreight, C. G. W. Howell, A. C. W. a Carter, La r,* David R. Kennedy, O. a W. P. W. M. Shannon was on the same evening elected a Representative to the Grand Division to serve until October next. ? 1 PT We refer to the advertisement in our col umns of the Memphis Institute. For cheapness, it is unsurpassed; and the great natural advatv vantages which attend it, render it a desirable place atwnich to graduate, either in Medicine or Law. We have a scholarship in either Depart* ment which we will dispose of at a reduced price! Smiles and Tears. How oft has the weather recently illustrated the idea that we live in tho midst of smiles and tears. Our brightest hopes and anticipations of futurt bliss, are oiten tne soonest to raae ana pass away. All may be bright and joyous, full of life and hope to-day; the sky clear and calm as summer evening's beam, blue and beautiful to behold; but dark and angary tempests may usher in the morrow, and gloom as a sable pall, may enshroud bur fondest hopes; " May throw its mantle o'er the heart, And sink the sool in radness." ' ' Yet, thauks to heaven, with all our tears, theremay be smiles?an occasional natis in the desert of life?green pastures and still waters, beaide.which the weary pilgrim may repose. Earth with all its sorrows and tears has many charms, and smiles? much that is lovely, sublime, beautiful. Yet we, must not " Lean upon earth : 'twill pierce thee to the heart A broken ?$d at beat, but oh s apear, On it* aharp point peace bleoda ana hope expires." The Last Hours of Mr. Calhoun. In our columns to-day will be seen an official report of the last hours of Mr. Calhoun,' Who yet has realized the sadding feet that "Calhoun'irfho: more?" Who has seen that eye"which spoke with lighting eloquence in every glance, can now realize the fact, that it is closed in death? Who has heard those words which fell with an ahnbst divine power, can feel that that voice is forever hushed ? Wherever man has learned to appreci-. ate virtuous greatness?wherever hearts, have burned with the fire of patriotism, or chivalry rear ed its standard for tlie defence ot Human ngnt? there will his moumere be found. Wherever the storm of Fanaticism raged loudest, or .the breakers ot opposition dashed wildest; there his banner floated most proudly?and his war cry.wrang ife peals with the strongest defiance. Death never aimed his shaft at a more shining mark. And never, (but once before,) did .the. halte of chaos ring with wilder joy, at the proud triumph the "King of Terrors" had achieved. In the words*of Macbeth, "He should have died hereafter.? As fell Lord Nelson at the Nile, just as the Chaplet u-roath nf trirtnrv wan raadv for his hrnw. with the words "Tell Collingwood to bring the fleet to anchor" on his lips, so fell Calhoun, at his post, and may a like success attend the pure measures Ojf< his policy. Eulogy on Calhoun. Macon and Augusta, Ga., Charleston and Columbia, S. C., besides other places, ate making arrangements to have pronounced Ma Eulogy on Calhoun." It is to be hoped that Camden will dp likewise. There should be a general movelnthe' matter: no oue should wait for somebody else to start. . t: ' ' y Coming to their SttMM. The Washington Republic publishes a letter addressed to Mr. Webster by nine hundred citizens, of Boston, in which the following paragraph occurs:? "As citizcnsof the United States, we wish to, thank you for recalling us to our duties* under the Constitution, and for the broad, national and patriotic views, which you have sent, with the weight of your great authority, and with the power of your unanswerable reasoning, into every corner of the Union." The recent elections in Connecticut have resulted in favor of the Democrats, which is considered unfavorable to the Free-Boilers, and indicative of ? reaction against the anti-slavery movement. ..^;:"i,_ . - "- -|T[|II Mr. CallMtmfc JUstfafFtaoa. At a meeting of the-City Council of Charleston on.the Friday last, the followingResoluhonsiirete unanimously adopted: Resolved, That in the opinion of ?oanc3,the City of Charleston?the ehiefMetropoH^ofthe State?may with propriety ask for herself distinction- of befog selected" as the flnal'reWjo^ place of the illustrious Calhoun; and that H? Honor the Mayor, in behalf of the Cooncjl and' citizens of Charleston be requested to commas nicate with the family of the-deceased, and earnestl v entreat that the remains of him whom we loved so well should be permitted ia repose' amongst us. " Resolved, That the.Mayor]be further reqocsted to communicate with his Excellency the ^Governor of the State, andresj his co-operotiou in this matter. Phim'ii -Rtrtni rf IfrjfkMnwHi. The New York Tribuue/of the 5l'h insL saj??|'.' "Recent letters from Hjram Powery iufjrtn iw that his statue of Mr. Calhoun ordered some trate since for the city of Charleston, is, finished.. It is possible i .nay reach its destination in time to.be. inac^"-ted in connection with the funeral sfiJemV? !iL XT?- /1-1L A. 1. :U_ ^ j nines wuu wiupu air. i^ainoun s-aeani WOTpBDM*'bly be celebrated in that dty.n _____ -The "National Pacific Railroad Convention" (as it is termed) assembled on the latof April. Quite a meagre-representation is.reported. W. B. Ogden, of Illinois, was elected President One. representative from Virr;nta,'and the sarne from Missouri, compr&ienid'tne. &uthehi Delegation. The "Napoleon of Rail roads" (AsaWhitney) is there. ,''' g^yGen. James Hamilton ha; declined the .appointment of D. S. Senator in place pf Mr- Ctfc . houn, tendered hire by hie Excellency Gon?. brook. Au excellent Southern -Family-Journal derotedto Literature, the Arte and to Cfeneral Intelligence, published in the City of CG^eslfo^^ill be^c^mg^ of May. The Proprietor? prorou?;to'CuakeOt*i Choice Family Ne wepapex?^W chwp ; a^ t^ reason why this should hot be. doner-the time now is that Southern matter;, should be^ preferred W Northern emanatfoui^Werkl^^ 1*