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The Camden Journal.
PURI.ISltKD BV THO. J. W4.RREY & C. A. PRICE, BDITOK3 AND PROP tt B TORS. TBRviS. For the Semi. Weekly, Turee Dollir* .ml Fifty Cents if paid in advance, or Four Dollars if payment is do fayed three months. For the Weekly, Two Dollars and Fifty Cents In Advance, or Three Dollars after the expiration of three months. Political Department. From tW Ns\v York Herald, i\v MP. r \UIODN\ *14* ?? \./x v. Y.YAERTV ASn i)E*??C?ACV% "Peojde do not understand liberty or majorSties. The will of a majority is the will of a Vabble. Progressive democracy is incompatible with liberty* Those who study after this fashion are yet in the horn book the a, b, c, of governments. Democracy is levelling?this is inconsistent with true liberty. People will choose protection instead of liberty. Anarchy is more to be dreaded than despotic power.? It is the worst tyranny. The best government is that which draws least from the people, and i i? t,* ov-npnta iustice. and is scarcely icxi, rAwjn ?v v?w?.? j , to protect the people from animal violation of law." "People will learn wisdom only by punishment, and in the case of our Union it will come." NATION AND NATIONAL. "Why use that word nation and national as applied to the federal Union. It is wrong.? Public sentiment ought to be corrected throughout the United States. It has a dangerous tendency. God knows we are tending too rapidly to consolidation already and habituating the people to nationality help- along. "Ours is a federal Union?composed of thirty distinct States. The convention scouted the word nation. So did General Washington, in all his public papers. Many use the word nation, or national, from ignorance; others from L-iKi't. nod with design. The United States are """ ------ o t ^ not a nation. 'The federal Union of the States,' 'the constitution or government of the United States,' are the only terms employed to designate this confederacy, and which express its meaning clearly. The United States, when used geographically, means that portion of the continent occupied by the States and the territories, and socially speaking, it means the thirty States in one. A citizen must belong to some one State. If so, he is, of course, a citizen of the United States, but a citizen of the United States as the name of a people, is an anomaly, without being a citizen oi anv particular State. ? ? . J ?t_:_u J? There is no proper ana correct wora wmcn uc- j signntes us a people. To apply to us, we | should do as the French do, use the plural 'peoples.' The people of the State of New York has a meaning. The people of the United States has not?it expresses what does not politically exist. The 'peoples' of the United States would mean the j>eople of the thirty distinct States?and would express a correct meaning. There is a word wanting?American is understood, hut has no reality. A Mexican or Kamschatkian has as much claim to the name of American as we have. A citizen is known as belonging to his own local sovereignty. He is a (ieorgian, Kentuekian or other State name, but there are no United Statesia/is. The country occupied by the States might have been designated as 'Columbia' or 'Alleghania' and been used geographically and socially.? The extent of the States, and the people of each State would have been known under the general term of Columbian or Alleghanian. A na tion means a people who are socially and politically united as individuals. We are not to be limited. Ours is a federal union of States, and not of individuals. Federal was the popuular word in the old convention. It was so popular that it was adopted by a political party, who rendered it odious. National or nation a very odious word in that convention, but it came into use iu the place of federal. Jefferson without thought of tht1 idea conveyed, allowed it to l?e used. A paper was stai'b'd in W ashingtou with that name." KKVCII.I'TI"N6 IN kukopr. "The great mass do not understand liberty. Those revolutions in Europe amount to nothing. The people are not lit for it. In France, the government are as much dependent upon the army as iu Napoleon's time. Anarchy will follow every republic in Europe and the people will abandon liberty for protection. My opinion is that Russia will be the protector and ally of the projierty of Continental Europe, and end in a Russian despotism. The Hungarians should have kept the legislative branches distinct?one for the mass or commons, and the other body composed of the old nobility, and consequently conservative. A revolutionized country, must adopt a constitution in accordance with the former established usages. The model of the Roman republic should have been adhered to. The Magyars should have been the legislative body, and the Sclavonians the confirming body, of laws enacted by the other. "As in France, the Magyars have given up, under the influence of popular excitement, the feudal privileges?this will make trouble when they have obtained wl at they are fighting for? " .1 -it i Oil* i.: .t I then mere win oe uiiiiciniirs among uiciiiscives. The Hungarians are fighting for a sub-lance? in the L'niou between Austria and Hungary there were stipulations which have been violated. The Hungarians fight for their restoration. The great majority of the nations of Europe are nufit for liberty. It is the greatest blessing, or the greatest curse, according as it ispro|ierly understood and appreciated. " Liberty and slavery are neither good nor bad in the abstract ? each have their evils. Liberty is a great blessing and can be the greatest curse. So ol .-lavery?what greater cruelty than to give a jnaniac liberty! Nations are frequently unlit b?r liberty?then it becomes a curse. The great mass of people prefer protection to anarchy. It innst be the result in France." 1IAYTI AND TDK DOMINICANS. "The Secretary of State determined to end the white party, and for this purpose I had an interview with both the Spanish and French ministers, and proposed that their governments should aid (with the United States) the Pomi? mean party. It was favorably received by the ministers, and would have been carried into effect, but Mr. Buchanan, when he came into office, did not think it of any importance, and let it drop. It was bad policy?the Spanish white inulattoes should be 'sustained. Mr. Tyler also appointed a political friend ofhis, - \f- nrr\ Alii l\?if I IInvor QJ1VV IllS ft i?t?\ ilU^tlllj VV VUV y UUV M. IIV ? Vl w? .. report on his return from St. Domingo. It was never published or noticed. " The blacks of Hayti should be put down. It is an island far superior to Cuba. 1 suppose if a large party were to go out now to aid the Dominicans, they would he received with open arms; but the tst. Dominicans, after the Haytiens were put down, would be very suspicious, but in the end the American party would control the island." POLITICAL PAKTIKS. " Every old issue of both parties is obsolete ?dead! They have no principles. Spoils, plunder, absorb botli. It must end fatidly.? i bis administration may exist to its cud, but it is doubtful. The next Congress may end it. , The Democrats will unite, in every free State, j with the free sudors, to gain the power and J patronage of the State governments, to finally break down the whig general administration, and get the spoils. Taylor is setting unwisely ?tilling his places wiui whigs?disappointing twenty where he satisfies one; making a terrible opposition in his own party, who are equally desirous of spoi.s as the Democrats, if he drives off tiie South, at the next Congress he must exist in feebleness until his term is out.? For twenty years 1 have foreseeu all this.? Plunder and spoils will cave in our system. 1 understood our evils, and see our danger clearly. 1 have understood it ever siuce 1 was V ice * 1 1 II II President. i\Jy nmid was men maiureu. t uuu an importaut part in all, and great experience and ample time to reflect. Corruption is in Iwth parties equally alike now. 1 would not take tiie Presidency to be trammelled. What have i to gain I My conscience is my only reward?its approval my only ambition. 1 would preserve the Union it' i could, i would protect the South. The rights are sacred. Justice is the only safety for tue tederal L uion. As tilings are going, the South will be forced to separate. NULLIFICATION. "I would have dictated my own terms at Washington, but for one thing. Jackson was popular iu Tennessee. It would have been a war in the South, i did not wish it. llut for that! would not have compromised them. It would have been a Southern State against a Southern State, for Tennessee would have i'ought lor Jackson." THE FRSIDP^QY. " I have not a concea^j opinion. I will always take the liberty of speaking my honest convictions, ll 1 d0 not to the lull, it is because the measures ^re not ripe. " Ottico can acid nothing to me. Were I President, I would put the country right, but that is like putting salt 011 the bird's tail. No man can be President unless he will pander to the public. A patriotic President is impossible.' QUOTATIONS. ' In allusion to to the quotation in the Southern Address, 'Timeo Danaos, et dona ferentes' ?I never used a quotation before, and the world may guess at it." ACQUAINTANCE IN HIS OWN STATU. " I am an object af as groat curiosity to people outside of a circle of five miles in this State as any where else. Not one man in a hundred in this State ever saw me." STATE INSTRUCTIONS " I never know what this State thinks of a measure. I never consult her. I act to the best of my judgment, and according to my eonscience. If she approves, well and good. If I sUitnngnnt ?P IvicllOC ?1 IIV OnOflsO to take III V i place, I am ready to vacate. Wo are even." Correspondence, 01 the Baltimore Sun. Washington, April 11, 18f>0. The subject of a change in the cabinet has been much considered of late by the friends of the administration, and (ten. Taylor has, it is said, bent to the influences around him so far j as to ."ssent to the necessity of some changes, if not of a ge.'?'!ral re-organization of the cahi- j net. liut it is well uii^'rstood, to-day, that no j decision will he made on the subject until the i- : I-,, ishall he i uismriiiiig 4UV""W"? uv,,"v -w? settled; or, at least, until it shall become more ' certain than itnowis that an adjustment is prac- J ticable. The tendency of movements in Congress is to tiro ultimate admission of California, as an independent measure, without any equivalent concession to the interests or feelings of the South. We are warned by such men as Wm. R. King and Mr. Mason, that the Southern , States will unite in some system of resentment ! to the policy of the majority. This may or may i not be so. But forbearance from the enactment j of the Wilmot Proviso is the only concession I thatfthe House will make to Southern policy. The House will not concur in any measure which the Senate may unite upon for the estab- j lishment of territorial government. What then? j Will the Southern members permit the Calilbr- i nia bill to pass the House, while, by parliamen- ! tarv expedients, the first vote can be prevented? In my opinion they will not. It will be some weeks hence before the House will arrest the debate on California in Committee of the Whole, and, after that, there ' will be three weeks of discussion 011 amynd- i ments. The struggle will then commence in j earnest between the minority and the majority, . stud ultimately, in the midst of unparalleled excitement, the California bill will pass, and perhaps every appropriation bill defeated. It is to be considered that, in June, the Nashville Convention will recommend measures in view ol one ol tlio state 01 tilings in congress ai me, time, and they may take positive ground against the admission of California, or the passage of further appropriation hills, or any further leg- I islative action, until a more conciliatory policy be adopted by the majority. ( The best security for an adjustment that we now have is in the concurrence of the House in the plan of combining California with the I territorial governments which the Senate now i aim at. | ] * Tiic Senate chamber was thronged to-day by members of the House, who felt, ns the public did, a deep result in the test question, which was taken to-day. The result is that the Senate is decidedly opposed to withhold California from the proposed reference of the disputed subjects to a committee of thirteen, several Senators were absent, who would have voted with the twenty-eight Senators against .Mr. Baldwin's proposition. The proceedings showed, however, that there is to be much trouble in arriving at any definite and speedy result 011 the subject. It is a matter of congratulation that Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and Mr. Cass, have each been sustained by their own States in the national and patriotic stand that they have taken. Mr. Cass, has achieved a great triumph over prejudice in his own State, and he can no longer say, as he did, despairingly, two months ago, that no moderate man can be sustained at the North; and that the storm had rolled over him and left him prostrate. As to-morrow is Mr. Clay's birth day, some demonstrations of popular respect are to be paid him to night. Ion. Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. \i;. .......a...;i a isr.n The most important and gratifying intelligence to-day, is the triumphant success of the Hon. Daniel Webster, in his own state, and the vindication of his course in terms of classic eulogium, by the most eminent scientilic, professional and business men of Masachusetts. Allow me here to insert a letter, the contents of which will speak for themselves. It is a noble, patriotic document, alike honorable to those from whom it emanates, as to him to whom it is addressed. As long as such men as Daniel Webster find men of such substance to listen to them, there is no danger of the Union and our glorious institutions which make that Union valuable. To ihc lion. Duuiel Webster : ?Imniviccivl with thr> mnrrnitiide and 1111 D portanch oi'thc service to the'constitution,' and the Union, which you have rendered by your recent spoechin the Senate of the United States on the subject of slavery, we desire to express to you our deep obligations for what this speech has done, and is doing, to enlighten the public mind and to bring the present crisis in our national a (Tail's to a fortunate and peaceful termination. As citizens of the United States, we wish to thank you for recalling us to our duties under the Constitution, and for the broad, national, and patriotic views which you have sent, with the weight of your great authority and with the power of your unanswerable reasoning, into every corner of the Union. It is, permit us to say, sir, no common good which you have done for the country. In a time of almost unprecedented excitement, when the minds of men have been bewildered by an apparent conflict of duties, and when multitudes have been unable to find solid ground on which tr\ vi'i 1. snem-ifv and nonce. vou have noint I'd out to a whole people the path of duty, have convinced the understanding and touched the conscience of a nation. You have met this great exigency, as a patriot and a statesman; and although the debt of gratitude which the people of the country owe to you was large before, you have increased it, by a peculiar service which is felt throughout the land. We desire, therefore, to express to you our entire concurrence in the sentiments of your speech, and our heart felt thanks for the inestimable aid it has afforded towards the preservation and perpetuation of the Union. Fortius t!*iil11- urosont tn von this nnr jm.j.wj-v, l.i: .v.t-j.vv j , - 1 address of thanks and congratulation, in refer I enceto this most interesting and important oe- j elision in your public life. We have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obedient servants; Titos. II. I'rrkix*, Ri'fus Ciioatk, Wm. Aitlkto.v, Sam'l La whence, Onikk Justice Savage. and nine hundred others, ltoston, 25t!i .March, 18f)0. From ail I can learn, the President highly approves of the course of Mr. Webster; hut the Cabinet still clings to Gov. Seward on his soil friends. On the other hand, it is confidently asserted that the present Cabinet is doomed, and that Webster will he invited to the tftate Dei \i.. l* ?r m,.:... *!.?% parimciu, aim xur. r<vaii?, ui .iiiiiui', in imj 'r.T.^Ufy 'l'lu'se appointments would certainly inspire tiie fountry with confidence, and regain for the President himself that popularity - - - a i.? which he enjoyed 01; owing omee. i The C'ouiinittee appointed io ."inuire into !'l? | (>jilphin claim, and the atfencv of .Mr. Crawford in the premises, will no doubt whitowash the Secretary, as. in a legal point ot view, 1 have but little doubt lie deserves to be. There was no doubt good legal cause for paying seventyseven years' interest, but vulgar minds will not bo able readily to comprehend, that if one of them had any such claims before any of the It..it.iri>11.mic ilinv u'oidd In, thus nromnflv and >~~J - J J-'V plentifully served. The vulgar, however, arc liable to prejudices of that sort. X. DISGRACEFUL SCENE IN THE SENATE. Washington, April 17. In the Senate to-day a fracas occurred between Koote and Hen ton. The latter, in his remarks, said that the Smith was crying "wolf!" when there was no danger, and that the Southern Address was the commencement of it. .Mr. I>...l Mr I'iiiiIii tnlliiu'iiil ;il?n in ! ?> I >11111*1 U|?IIUI, *??.. - vw.w ...v. ... , Vmarks of a personal character, and in an excited tone. The Vice President did not interpose. .Mr. Benton moved hastily, and in a hostile maimer, towards Mr. Poole, both their seats being in the outer row. Mr. I'oote hastily left his position for'the area fronting the Vice President's chair, and presented a pistol towards Benton. The latter was not armed, hut called on the Senate to notice this, or members would arm themselves with weapons. Mr. I'oote said: "I act on the defensive. I supposed he intended to stab or shoot me. and left the seat to defend myself without endangering others." Mr. Benton exclaimed: " It's a lie, and a cowardly pretext for assassination. I never carried 1 iirms." The Senators were panic stricken and palsied. Any investigation must appear ridic- 1 ulons, but a committee of seven was ordered for that | urpose. Richard M. Young, of Illinois, Democrat, was elected Clerk of the House of Representatives, in place of Mr. Campbell deceased. Chnrlrslon Mcrcurg. TFEEIE JJOHJMNAIk CAMDEN, S. C. FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL If), 1850. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Charleston, April 18. Our cotton market is without change?firm and quiet. Sales to-day 550 bales at 10$ to 12|.? Week's sales 3000. Receipts 4000. ?rfcF?We are requested by the Agent to give notice that the President of the Rail Road Company has directed that persons desirous of being present at the Funeral Ceremonies attendant on j 4 ' '* :? -r r?.n ' inn arrival OI llie remains ui .nr. winuiiii HI Charleston oil the 26th inst. will be passed down and up for five dollars. New Mail Route. We arc gratified to see by the last Fairfield j Herald, that they hare received a letter from the Hon. J. A. Woodward informing them that the Postmaster General has ordered a contract with John C. Harney to convey mails from Camden to Newberry court house, once a week and back, via Longtown, Ridgewood, Winnsborough, Jackson's Creek, McMeckins, Monticcllo, Oakville and Mt. Bethel. The Assistant Postmaster General, in a note to AT r- W rtA/1 ll?n r/l C*4Vt3 Ull.A nrvftltArt rtii krv\I Ha/1 kir .*ai. ?? uuunuiu, oa^itj mi; jhtiiiiuii ruutuiuru u? you for a Post Office at Running Oak, [?] Fairfield District, will be submitted to the Appointment Office." The Lancaster Court is this week in session, Judge Evans presiding. The Funeral Committee of Mr. Calhoun has invited Messrs. Winthrop, Venable, and, Ilolmes, to accompany the Committee. They i have accepted. It is expected that the Senatorial and State com- | inittoes in charge of the body of Mr. Calhoun will j leave Washington on Monday, 22(1. and arrive at Charleston on Friday the 26th inst. The commit tee of the City Council and qitizens of Charleston invite the Hon. the d/embers of the Senate and Mouse of Representatives of the State of South! Po enliiw fKn pili'/nnc nf tliic Ktnto Qnrl n( Imp Statoc to unite in I lie contemplated funeral obsequies of the late Hon. John C. Calhoun. Charleston Hotel. This excellent Hotel, now under the proprietorship of Mr. D. Mixer, we arc free to say, is certainly superior to any one in our country, North or South. The uniform attention and courtesy of the proprietor and all concerned, are sure to make each visitor register his name more than once on the books of the Charleston Hotel. The following are phenomena indeed, if true. But we object to a part of the theory. The idea of separating the nerve that connects the brain with any other part ofthe body, is ridiculous. Take, tor instance, that which connects the brain with ihe finger: divide the nerve somewhere on the arm: the number of smaller ligumen connect" ing the different nerves, and also susceptible o i (\>nvi \ ing feeling, would still convey the sensa.? tion. We deny too, that the brain may be removed?cut away?to the corpus calasuin, and the animal live. Dr. Upham proves that a part ofthe brain may be removed, and the animal live, but not all. It is at last only proving the old nolion that the brain is the organ of mind. Phenomena ok the Brain.?Mr. Wigan, in a treatise on the " Duality* of the Mind," makes the following remarks: " One of the most inconceivable things in the nature ofthe brain is, that the organ of sensation -i i i t* ii'i - : :li _ rp.. ...4 A\_ _ i Mimiiu iirtii ix? iiirciiMiiii;. iu cui m? uraui gives no pain, yet in the brain alone resides the power of feeling pain in any other part of the body. If the nerve which leads from it to the injured part be divided, it becomes instantly unconscious of suffering. It is only by communication with the brain that any kind of sensation is produced, yet the organ itself is insensible. But there is a circumstance more wonderful still. The brain itself may be removed, may be cut away down to the coruus calasum without destroying life. The ani mnl lives and performs all the functions which on; necessary to simple vitality, hut no longer has a mine, h cannot think or feel. It requires that ;|ie food should oe pushed into the stomach; once there it is digested, ami the aili'ual will even thrive and grow fat. We infer, therefpre, that the part of the brain, the convolutions, is simpi}' intended for the exorcise of the intellectual faculties, wither of the low degree called instinct, or exalted kind bestowed on mon.tho girt of reason." &?"" Our Jecms" is one of 'cm?"a queer chicken." Yet lie lias 110 notion of being crawed over. lie thinks Printers ought to be sweet cieatures, because they ?-#"lo so much pi, as well good astronomers; for they locate *** + *?*, " Jeems" submits, however, and begs to introduce the printer's soliloquy. Our assistant "Charley," (says an exchange,) who olten indulges in private, yet rather loud " Shakspearian readings, in assorting a lot of pi, a few days ago, and while trying to pick up a f, gave vent to his pent-up dramatic, literary, witty eloquence, in (lie following quotation from Macbeth: " Is this a dagger [+] which I see before me. 'I lie handle toward my hand ? Come, let me clutch thee:? I 1.nv? tl n 11.1 V..I I see 11 mill * Art tlioit nut, frail vision, sensible To feeling, as to sight ? or art thou but A ilngger of the niiml ? No! thou art but a simpletlagger-o'-type!" OCT The Directory of the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad Company, adopted the following Resolutions on the 10th inst. This act speaks well for their appreciation of the high tind exalted character of our honorable Senator. Whereas, the eminent public services of the late John C. Calhoun, claim the grateful re- , membrance and the sincere respect of all the citizens. Resolved, That the President and Directors of this Company will, as a hod v, unite with the citizens of Wilmington in the funeral ceremonies to be performed upon the passage of the late John c. Calhoun through this place. Resolved, That tlic Corpse of the late John C. Calhoun, with such members of his family and relatives as may accompany the same, and the Committee in attendance thereon, as well as the Committee of the Senate, as also the Committee appointed by the citizens of Charleston, be transported over the line of Rail Road, and on the steamers belonging to this Compa.... fr,>n 4vy l,vv Unsolved, That a copy of thc^e Resolution# be forwarded to the Chairman of the Committee of the citizens of Charleston, respectively appointed to .attend the body of the late John C. Calhoun from the City of Washington to his late residence in South Carolina. JAMES S. GREEN, Secretary to Board of Directors of Wil. and Raleigh Railroad Co. We copy the following from the Columbia Tcfegraph of the lGth inst:? Messrs. Editors: As the time approaches for the people of this State to select their Delegates to the Nashville Convention, it may not be amiss to bring forward the names of several gentlemen, and have their claims discussed, before final selection is made. .Several respected and honoured names are already before the people of this (the third) Congressional District, all good men and true?and if a thorough devotion to the South, a perfect knowledge of our State and Federal Government, a deep acquaintance with men, and a life of devotion to Jefferson ran Democracy, jvould entitle any man to a seat in that Convention 1 would respectfully announce the name of Joiin Rossek, Esq., who in an eminent degree possesses the above qualifications. YVATER.EE. Editorial Gleanings. Methodist Church Suuth?The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, will meet at St. Louis on the 1st day of May. Boston, Atril 12.?Letters have been received here from Mr. Wilson, the U. S. Commercial Agent at Cape Haytien, dated March '21, which make no mention of any trouble with Solonque. The story of his imprisonment is believed to be incorrect. The Committee of the Governor's Council hare reported unanimonsly against commuting the punishment of Pierson, the condemned murderer, tie will undoubtedly be hung. The counsel for Prof. Webster have published a notice in the evenintr naoers. etatinc that the re I O If' O ? port of his trial which appeared to-day, gotten up by Dr. Stone and others, is inaccurate, especially as regards their arguments. Public opinion is decided in regard to the verdict in Webster's case. There are no intimations yet in reference to the disposition of the Governor relative to the fate of the unfortunate prisoner. New-Yorr, Afril 12.?A letter complimentary to Daniel Webster lor the noble sentiments expressed by him in his recent speech upon the California question, circulated on 'Change to-day, and in a very little time received one thousand signatures. It is believed that in a very brief period, the list of names will be swelled to twenty or twenty-five thousand. There appear^ to be a general desire to do honor to the great Statesman tor his noble etfort. / Odd Fellowship in Maryland.?It appears from recent statistics, that there are upwards of 7,000 members of the various lodges in Baltimore, and more than 9,000 in the State. The amount of contributions during the last quarter was $15,806 11; expenditures for charities to the Order $9,098 38; ! i : l r &? nnn eo , lUilVlllg il bUIJJiUSUI uo. ' Breakers ahead," as the woman said when she i knocked the large tea pot to pieces on her husband's pate. Mount Vfsuvus.?The most splendid eruption : witnessed for many years, occurred on the 12th j ult. The lava has already destroyed the beautiful I seat of Ettajano. Many lives have been lost. The j inhabitants have fled to places of safety. * Dyspepsia is said to be greatly relieved by pulverized ginger made into a strong tea. A great improvement has been made in the preparation of India-rubber, which dispenses with sulphur, and renders it capable of receiving the most beautiful colors. Hoc frnm ivator ic nnru mosio Kv tlio ^or?nmnAcL ***?uv KJJ Ui^ uv^vrjujsvrrftion of that element through a simple process, and at a greatly reduced cost. Why is Father Mathew like the Mississippi river 1 Do you drap it ? Because he never stops at a bar. Wf.ll Spoken.?If we would enjoy ourselves, we must take the world as it is?mix up a thousand spots of sunshine?a cloud here and there? a bright sky?a storm to-day?a calm to-morrow? the chill, piercing winds of aulumn, and the bland, reviving air of summer. The smallest bird of America, is the humming bird; and of Europe, the golden-crested wren. The smallest quadruped in the world is the pigmy mouse of Siberia. The Tnost diminutive plant is the artic raspberry, which is so small that a sixounce vial will hold the whole, branches, leaves, aiiil all. Mrs. Partington, while visiting the Museum the l ?l... ~l,i I? ? 0T Cr Uuji Oil iuui\ui? auiuii? iuc uiu ivr*uiuuui?arv rei.;."s and Scottish claymores, asked the superintendem .'f he had among his famous cutlery the "axeoftiie /jostles." Promises made ni the time ?t affliction, re<juir6 a bettor memory than people comraoI?!v possess. The amount of Treasury Notes outstandingoil the 1st of April was ?740,000. It is said there are thirty thousand criminals now in the American prisons, Rate of interest in San Fiancisco has risen to 15 per cent, a month. Lumber has fallen to per thousand. But one failure has ever occurred in San Francisco among a population of thousands. and transactions of hundreds of millions, Arrival of an Aristocratic "Celestial" Lady.?* Quite a sensation was created among the quid-,, nunrs at Now York some days since, by the arrU val of a real specimen of Celestial upper-ten-dom, A young lady, Miss Pwan Yekoo, 17 years of age* handsome, lively, and with characteristic feet only three inches long, arrived in the ship Ianthe, fron\ Canton. Miss Pwan Yekoo is on her way to London, and belongs to one of the most aristocratic families in China. She is accompanied by her waiting-maid, and by Mr. Soo Choone, a celebrated Chinese music master; also by two children, Miss Amoy and Master Tsing, of 6 and 4 years old.?, This highly interesting family have taken rooms at the Irving House. The Hon. Henry Clay was seventj'.four years of age on Friday, the 12th instant.