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Union and American. (Greeneville, Tenn.) 1875-1877, June 07, 1877, Image 1

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(Duf CTtfuntrn f iwt and i;0rw3jrt. f ui xnd f w art,
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0 Washington, D. C.
C T- ; May 25, 1877.
.There is a class of men here
' who desire war with Mexcio and
who hope to bring it about through
the not orer peaceful minded Gen
era! Sherman, Bejond rigid pro
jection of American citiienato Be
1 Vcaro wbioh war is not necessary,
the Government ought not to go.
There is something mean in these,
continual threats against a weak
power like Mexico. ;j We hardly
treat her better than we have treat
ed South Carolina and Louisiana.
If khe had thestrenght we "have
we Would be more circumspect.
. . Senator Blaine may - have told
the truth when he lately denied
Living had correspondence', with
.' Packard, but he can no long make
I the assertion. , The following is
Packard's last message to Blaine,
' is of yesterday's date. ; i
fi "The overthrow of tbe;lawful
, State Government was appropri
ately celebrated to-day. ' Detach
ments of the Army and Navy of
7 the United States participated
i with the White League of Alabama
j nod Louisiana in this celebration
i of Democratic success. Did poetic
; justice require that the.htnors of
' this achievement should be thus
equally divided in the absence of
j commission ? The gray was ac
j cerded the post of honor to the
: blue and asked no apology.. The
custom-house and poet office are
closed in admiration of the event.
It is probable that United States
v . interference will not be required
By all means let the Republican
,' br thren dwell togethrrin harmony
- xva&d cherish only kindly feelings
, : for each other. The reply for Mr
- Blaine will be anxiously looked
for. .
If the Administration is to have
, , a .thick and thin Organ here i
, ' must establish a new paper. Th
Republican for two days past has
protested against tnepOstponenien
'."""'of the extra Session of OongreVs"
mis is sijjnincant, as mat paper
rus lived ttuough the last four ad
ministrations, without having ex
" pressed disapprobation," af any one
- " exrcuHve net. ine rrescut pro
ject is to establish a paper to be
owned partly by Democrats, partly
by (llepublicans, and partly by
nusinrsB men . ana n arrange
mcnts can be made, a very able
paper will be the resuk
You will have sceithe vigorous
nut rrnflt uniu t attacic ot ircn
' ' Douglass on our city of Washing
ton. Mr. D., undoubtedly count
, eel tue cost bclorc he thus publish
ins opinions, it is to the very
class reviled by Douglass that the
President is paving special court.
He has called several times on our
creat banker and philanthropist,
Corcoran, and in many ways seeks
to induce conservative citizens to
call upon him.
Douglass must have known his
bitter speech would cast him his
Just what place he looks for in
the Republican opposition tollayes
is uncertain, but his lot. must be
cast with them.
' It is well understood that the late
story assigning to Genh John B.
. Gordon a place in the Cabinet was
euro invention, as he would not
accept the position if the PresU
" dent were to offer it to him. But
there is a part of the story which
may have foundation that which
: refers to the proposed withdrawal
of Attorney General Devens. He
' is known to dislike the position.
1 It is possible he may be offered the
. vacant bench in the Supremo Court
- though the friends of Bristow say
that the plica is already promised.
A Kb tuckt dentist undertook
to plug one of the teeth of a favor-
,.' itemuie.: lie bored and bored un
til the drill struck something that
seemed to lift the animal's soul
right off its hinges. That's the
way tho coroner explained it
and flince then a wild mulo has
.boen gilloping up and down the
country seeking for fresh worlds
to comjuer.
We met, the other day, an ex-
Eert workman who jaid that he
ad lost his ambition. "Whero.is
my incentive!' said he. "I am
only a mortal, just like other men.
Energy among others is a means
to end. Health, fame, ease and
luxury are the prises for men
trive. Show me tne man who is
energetic in a single cause in which
one of these is not the aim, the
incentive and the reward, and an
swer me honestly how can I make
an exercise of more than common
energy or induBtsy subservient
towards giving me one cf these
"You will never be out of work
and will always command respect,"
was the answer. He smiled, and
holding a scraper in one hand a
file in the other, replied : "I
never was out of work a day; I am
too well known. I put forth my
energy when 1 want work and get
it at once. Having got it, I work
along easily and pleagactiy; am
always on the best of terms with
employer, get the best of wages,
work ten hours a day, and jog dis
contentedly along my ambition,
energy and extra ability rusting
away for want of the incentive
which all en require to call forth
more than ordinary exertion. Now.
where is my remedy? ' '"Piece
work," was the suggestion made
in reply;
"You have struck it, ' was the
response. "When I worked on
piecework, the work 1 did seemed
min(; every job well done brought
me more work;' I engaged other
men and taught tho toys all i
know; every scrap of information
I gave to men or boys brought
tne in money by increasing-their
skill: every extra dozen blows 1
struck were represented in my
aces on Saturday night. 1 look
ed well ahead at my woik, often
presenting blunders from being
committed; I was a hardworking
happy man, putting by something
I toxoid age. But where am I to
get piecework' "now? - - One., es
tablishment has been working short
time, another is doing little or
nothing and most of the others
don't see the advantages of tli
piecework system which canand has
been carried to the greatest (
success even in repair shops
We have often suggested piece
work, but the reply is that it can
not be adopted in a repair fhop or
on promiscuous work. Why not?
An average-job, even in a smal
snop, lasts a day; and how
mnch troub e would it be tocstim
ate the value and keep an account
(in a small shop) of six jobs a
week: Any job done in a shop a
second time can be estimated upon
for piecework. Sometimes p ople
say: "We do not know what the
job is worth." Of course they do
not. If a man ties his arm in a
sling he must expect it to grow
weak. Just the same with the
judgment and perception : men
used to piecework can estimate
how much there is in a job down
to an hour's work in a week; but
men who never give the subject a
moments thought cannot. "When
I'm too old to work at all," said
our friend, "there will no such
thing as day work, except to labor
ers. ocimiftc American.'
T tM Editor of the World:
Sib: Fifty-nine years ago when
the English yeomanry . massacred
the starving operatives of, Mn
Chester at Peterloo, England had
as hard times as we nave at pres
ent, resulting from similar, causes.
These were waste of war, high tar
iff and excise duties, redundant
depreciation and irredeemable cur
rency, shrinking prices after high
speculative values, large .Govern
ment expenditure and exttava.
ilow did Anglian statesmen ie
store their country's prosperity?
Sir R. Pee! effected the resump
tion of Specie Payments: Ihkis-
son modified the naigatiou laws
and lessened the tariff; Canning
lowered the sliding scale duties on !
corn. The effect of such masterly i
legislation wi to make England
moderately prosperous. But. this
was but the dawning of a brighter
day, when the -great legacy thai
the geninaof a poor Scotch profes
sor gave his country "The wealth
of Nations'' was to bring forth its
fruits. "1 he hour and the man had
arrived," when Sir Robert Peel,in
18 16, following up bis reduction of
tb'eUrifl in 1982, swept away the
corn laws, the most cursed monop
oly that ever oppressed a people,
inaugurating free trade inEugland.
The result of such wise statesman
ship .ias been to make England's
prorperity the wonder of the world
Now, does any sano man doubt
that this country can be raised f. om
its present wretched condition to
prosperity by equally good states
mansbip? There is not a doubt of
it. because the whole of its business
depression proceeds ftom bad laws.
It must .be impolitic laws alone
that make the present extreme
hard times, for God has given us
everything to make us prosperous
an energetic race of people.well
educated; an extensive and fertile
country, a fino c imate.an immense
sea coast, large navigable rivers
an 1 lakes, mines of coal, iron, gold
silver and copper.'
While adoritting that part ofthe
present distress hss been causedby
a destructive and extensive civil
war, I yet maintain that our res
toratiou to prosperity is prevented
by the continuance of, high pro
tective duties on imports. This is
no time for half measures. The
party who will succeed in ruling us
for the next twenty years will be
a pany who shall mike a platform
which sba.I proclaim Specie Pay
ments. repeal of protective duties
on imports, a tariff.' for revenue
only, economy Government ex
penditure, Ihe first measure o
importance will be the restoration
of Specie Payments, so that cupv
tal can be safely lent to encourage
and proino'e new enterprises. The
next rrea?ure and that ofthe most
importance will be the repeal of a1
protective duties on imports, be
cause they act as n Government
bounty to misdirect labor and cap
ital from a greater to a less profit
able production, ore indirct taxes
on the consumer and in the long
run ruin the protected interest by
misdirecting too much labor and
capita into the favored i pursuits,
causingwerproduction loss k rnin
All future tariffs must be for
revenue only; duties must be plac
ed on such articles as cannot be
produced at home. If the neces
6itv for more revenue should com
pel duties to be levied on foreign
commodities, such as wc can like
wise produce, an excise duty must
be placed on tho latter equivalent
to the import duty on the former.
, .To restore prosperity to the
country the shackles must bo re
moved from trade. To sell to ad
vantage we mu3t have freedom to
buy. Therefore low import duties
must be immediately adopted.
Last year the average duties on
firticles not free were 4b per cent.
iV hat an absurdity? Reduce these
duties to 15 per cent, even if you
have to impose direct taxes o en
able you to do so. .Encourage im
ports, and exports will take care
of themselves. Millions of peo
ple in EuTopo who live on potatoes
and coarse grains, if you lessen
your duties on Imports will be en
abled to consume your breadstuif
and provisions. ,
lMfty per cent, duty on foreign
commodities is a disgrace to the
spirit of the nineteenth centuiy. It
i- as suicidal a policy as if our
Government hadby artificial means
lessened the depth of water in all
our sei.-pcrts by onethird, or had
issued a proclamation to all foreign
ers, declaring, "You may send
your merchandise here,1 but our
(Ju8toui house officers will seize one
third of the goods and confiscate
and sell them for the benefit ofthe
tome producers of the same goods
to get one-third more', value from
the ' general consumers." This
would- precisely have the same ef-
?Qt n ji 50 per cent, protective
import duty. , . f 1 $.$
Away with Buch noosens. ttV-
ery dollar's worth of goods impor
ted Is astQOchthereeuitf'Araer-'.
ican labor as if it were produced in
Massachusetts er Connecticut.
How absurd to misdirect the labor
of a hundred men and a certain
iiiiouut oi capuai to produce a
given quantity of iron at home,
when the labor of sixty-six, men
and one-third . less capital would
produces mjuch. wheat as would
exchange for an equal quantity of
foreign iron. That is precisely
tne eitect ot a protective duty ot
0 per cent, on . imports. The
whole system is false.
' . TV
New York, May 4, 1877.
The intensely warlike move
ments in the East will make the
following items of interest to every
American. They are taken from
Baldwin's "Armageddon, or. Uni
ted btates m History. He ro
gards Russia as the reorganization
of tho Roman Power. In his in
terpretation of tbe eleventh chap
ter of Daniel he makes Russia
"the Willful King Rome and
Russia, "the King shall do accor
ding to his will." Tbe King of
the South shall push or butt at
him; and the King of the North
shall come against him like a whirl
wind with chariots and horsemen
and many ships.
England and France, or Eng
land and Turkey,will unite against
Russia; yet, Russia is to take the
countries this side the crossings,
and is then to pass over into Asia,
it would seem.
"He shall , enter into the glori
ous land." This at once recalls
his entrance into Palestine.
"Many countries shall be over
thrown." This would literally
imply. th conqneatxi-grAt pOr
tion of Asiatic-Turkey, with some
"He shall stretch forth his hand
upon the countries, and the land
of Egypt shall not escape." Af-
rican countries are here referred
to, a part for thd whole. "The
Lybians and Ethiopians shall be
uii ins eirjjp.
Thus having obtained nearly al
Europe, Asia, and Africa, he be
come indomitable, and his empire
almost limitless. It emulates old
Rome, as the possessor of three
'But tidings out of the East
and out of th Ncrth shall trouble
him. , ,
While engaged in these South
em conquests, he hears news from
two directions, which enrages him
The Eastern news may be from
Asia or America, the Northern
from Europe or Briton.
"Therefore, shall he go forth
with great fury to destroy, and to
make away many.
The Russian Government has
two great final works to do. The
first is to destroy tne 'Roman
Church in Europe, and the other
is to attack the United ' States.
The tidings from the East and
North may be the news of disafs
fection of the Papal Power, on
account of the superiarity, whieh
Kussia gives the Greek Church,
and on account of the holy places
T . J mi .,'
in tiuaea. ine wora tiaings seems
to indicate great insurrections.
'27c shall plant hi$ tabernackt
between tne sea$, tn tne glonous
holy mountain.
As the Roman power, restored,
and be overthrown, so the willful
King or autocrat, is here seen
planting his imperial tents in the
land of Israel, restored.
The term "between the seas" ia
most graphically an expression of
the situation of onr Christian dem
ocracy, between tbe Atlantic and
Pacific. Ascending, "hs shall fill
on the mon.itains of Israel. He
shall come to his end,f and none
shall help him." ' '
"At the time of the end
These thing are to take place
betweon 1870 and 1878: First.the
destruction of the Roman Church;
and, Second, The destruction of
monarchy.--pp. 231242. 1 . ,
Time will soon develop the cor
rectness or incorrectnes.of .these
interpretations. ' ,: ' 1
r (
' ' How to find out what's in- a
name: Put it on back of note. .
I live for thoe who love me,
And for those who lore tne true
Fortbe heaven that imilea above me,
And awaits my spirit, too
For all buoiao ties that bind me,
For tbe task . that God assigned mel
And the good that I can do.
I liveto learn iheir nforr - 4
" Who've auOWnKfr 'tut Wlaker '
To emulate their glorr,
: And follow in their wake
Bards, poets, mart vn, sages,
The noble of all ages,
Whose deeds crown history pagec,
And Tine's great volume make.
I live to hall the season.
By gifted minds for. told,
When men shall live by reason,
- And not alone for gold;
When man to man nnited,
And every wrong thus righted,
The whole world shall be lighted
As Eden was of old.
I live tor those who love me,
And for those who kmw mn No.
For the heaven that smiles above ma,
Ana awaits my spirit too.
For the canse that needs igsistinre.
For the wrong that needs resistance,
cor lueinmreio me distance.:
For the good that I catf do.
vol. i, :
A winning wile,
A sunny smile, "'
A feather;
A tiny talk,
- - A pleasant walk
Together. .
A little doubt,
A playful pout,
Capricious !
i A merry miss,
A stolen kiss,
Delicious 1
You ask mamma,
.: Conaaltpapa,
With jileasu re ;
And both repent,
This rash event,
At leisure,
Mr. Parker as walk down
Broadway yesterday a benevolent
smile on bis ruddv countenance
and a fat, white bull-dog trotting
at his heels. Occasionally Mr.
Parker would look at the dog and
chuckle to himself.
"Tbe Board of Aldermen be
darned." said Mr. Parker. "I'm
not going to put a four-foot strap
nn vour neck. Marcus Anrilius."
and Marcus Aurellus wagged his
stump of tail. Just them a smal
bov txnlod?d a bomb directlv un
der the dog's black nose, and that
animal gave a bowl and made
dash at the small bov. '
"Look a year." yelled a Dolice
man to Mr. Parker, "you want to
put a strap on that year dawg.
He's mad."
"He is not mad," laid Mr. Park
" Well, old feller, whose the judge
I say that year daw'g , mad, and
I'm goin' to knock 'im on the head
with my club.".
Mr. Parker for a moment look
ed frightened. Suddenly however
a twinkle came into ni3 eye, ana
drawing .himself up to bis lull
height he addressed ihe policeman
1 k.tl- " - i r
"Officer, you evidently do not
known who we are. We had do-
sire to preserve our incognito, but
force us to reveal ourselves. We
aro tne urana jsukb iiexio; uu
that U our bull dog. That dog is
all alien ; he is not a citizen, and
must not be bound ny rorcign laws
ofi-ona Tin von wish ta em-
niif land in a war with Uufl-
8ia? If you do just club that dog."
"Well call off your dawg then."
said the policeman.' ;
"Here, Ulovitsrinoursfciroseuro
K:Qt;nnorbnwhnrlcoiiflki." said Mr.
tIAIIIWUVWV rt v - -
Parker, without the slightest hesi
tation.' ' 1
"Well I'm Mowed, mused the
officer as Mr. Parker and bis dog
disappeared. " "I'm Wowed ef that
dawe couldn't work a freeloneh
.i . i .f
route on tne peopie wg w
the Juke conld pern ounce half his
a -V TWF J
name.' iV. I tioruiK- , .
T min dniitinded cn the iudd-
L '
mnta ftf tbeir neighbors for their
aj v w v C5 I
pasBDorts to heaven, no oue would J
get were. r
ESTSMUSTftlVTVfii Washington, May lbWSecre-
tarv Sherman rtnrnd ifa..
e xt-vt. r J.
ii om new xora:, woera be placed
$5,000,000 of the four and a half
per cents., on the market, aa
tep toward resumption' un&r
mauevaa, a. stf p ..Inward-,
sumption tinder the bill forresum.
ing Jan. 1, 1879. This evening
ne said be hoped to proceed under'
the bill without interruption. The
country-had reached i hard pan.
Y' vu m epcuia oasis, ana
it would be little less than an act
of cruelty to take every step poi
Dium rencve tne people or the
incubus of an irredeemable cur-
rency. iiis chief fear was of in
apprehension prevalent at the West
which had epread to other parts of
tuo country, mat Dy resuming the
Government would strip the coun
try of all its paper money and
icofo uukuiug oui goia ana silver
for the payment of debts and th
transaction Of business. Shonld
this feeling take strong enough
hold upen Congress, it might serf
ously embarrass the operations of
the Administration. He taw on
other reason to expect difficulty or
delay. Sherman declined to say
whether Hayes would or would not
veto any act extending the time'
for resumption. ... All the eigne
wnere good, and he proposed to
ga forward steadily. He spoke
with great hopefulness. .
The consequences that would'
ensue to the country by putting
into the office of President a man
with a little title manufactured as
Mr. Hayes's title has been, were
left entirely ut - of -view- y the
men who constructed that title.
They proccedod upon tbe assump
tion that no matter what might be
the materials bnt of which they
fashioned it, tbe , people of the
United States are such lovers of
peace, and have so much at stake
in public order, that they would
acquiesce in any result rather than
have a sanguinary contest for the
possession of the Exootive office.
This calculation sbort-eighUil'
and desperate left out of view th
enormous injury to tbe feelings of
men that must be produced by re
quiring submission to that which
could not be regarded as anything:
but a great public wrong. It left
out of view all that infinite mis
chief which was to ensue from s
a violent, unwarrantable indefen
sibte construction of constitutional
provisions; a construction which
has made the electoral colleges
mere machines for defeating the
popular will and has gone far to
work out their destruction. It left
out of view the spectacle of a Presi
dent coming in contact with sv
people who cannot see him without
seeing what is stamped upon hit
brow, the indelible marks of &
fraudulent title; and, a party main
taining that it had chosen a lYtr
sident through electoral votes of
a State in which the same tamnerw
ing with the popular votes had
aimed to appoint and ith confeaa
ed net to have appointed, a Gover
For all these and! a kWtimJl
other eonseQUAncfr of imaRntr
President as Mr. Hayes has Um
made, no man who ia entitled ta
be regarded as rnjresntaHm r
that majoity whose voten vm
given to his opponent a ia My
way representative of that turn.
ity or is in sympathy with eta
u-j muj an uiow n to fee sappoard
that be meaaa to' smltr
wrong.N. Sun: I -
A MAH with vf JW -
Knit..;. ''Wiltdd-
E' wiw ..-(.
I? isn't LlUWti
Wasted hopesT"
wlandlm dawn m tCSi
t lis n.iki k. ,.,n
bk is at l.m. : " ?et: .
"''' it "
III. I, 1..
7 tn'Ar?f nf
l lilt J. J .iti s

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