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EQUAL RIGHTS TO ALL . T - - iSf SPECIAL PRIVILBOB8 TO NONE. IP TO COTOS PICPLI. 1ST3TD TO TO I5TEST8 VOL XXI11, No: 23 KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY.; UMARCH 24 1917. WHOLE NUMBER 1167 Sa U. - , - ' WM''fv. f c ' --Tsaj , 1 ' . , . M.. v. CAPT. HAROLD E. MONTAGUE ' Captain Montague has invented a new submersible which the United States Government Is trying out. A new feature of the submarine Is its one-man control and absence of elec trio motors. FRENCH PURSUIT HOT Capture Ten Villages in Advance Toward St. Qdentin. Headquarters of Kaiser for Two Years ' Now Within Sight of Repub lic's Infantry. ' Paris, March 22. Rapid progress is . belncr made by the' French in pursuit of the retreating Germans, the war ofllce unnounces. Important" gains wore nindi1 on both sides of tWLaon . After a severe fiulit in Which heavy losses were sustained the French car ried Savrlennols castle and the village of Jussy, about nine miles south of St. Quentin. Skirmishes between French cavalry and German detach? - merits occurred on he Ham-St. Quen tin road. South of Chauny the French are occupying the ' Ailette line and consolidating their new positions. A German surprise attack in the . Champagne was repulsed. The state ment follows : "On the Ham-St. Quentin road skir mishes occurred east of Ham between ' our. cavalry and detachments of the enemy. Our troops late yesterday in a brilliant action captured the Sev riennols castle and the village of Jus sy, notwithstanding spirited resistance of the garrison. South of Chauny we are occupying the general line of the Ailette. All positions reached are be ing organized thoroughly. North and northeast of Soissons we made Import ant progress to the right and left of the Lnon road, capturing ten more vlllneres. "On the right bank of the Meuse. (Verdun front) we penetrated a Ger man trench north of Chambrettes farm, after subjecting it to a bom bardment, and found there a number of German dead. Surprise attacks . against small French posts southeast of Tahure, in the Willy wood and in tho region of Limey, were repulsed completely. We took prisoners." St. Quentin, reputed headquarters of the German emperor and his gen- . eral staff for two years following the battle of the Mnrne, and scene of a great French defeat in the war of 1870 is today within sight of the French infantry, who are following fast on v the heels of the retreating Germnn army. Twelve miles to the south French troops are looking down also upon La Fere and are within reach of the Ger man heavy guns if the Germans have really elected to hold the famous Hin denburg line, running from Lille to Lnon. " - TWO PLEAD GUILTY IN PLOT Albert Sander and Charles Wunnen berg, Members of Film Exchange, to Be Sentenced. New York, March 22. Albert 0. Sander and Charles N. Wunnenberg, i,nf,,ri no members of the Central " Powers War Film Exchange on the M,or.ro nt emraelne In a military en-' terprlse and sending spies to England to get information for the German military authorities, pleaded guilty Thev will be sentenced later. Fetrsburg --Sam Wakefield was fa tally burned by the explosion of a boil er at the sawmill McMinnvIile.-'-Much Interest is be ing manifested in a union revival meet tag at the Presbyterian churvli. UNITED STATES ACCEPTS KAISER'S GAGE OF BATTLE . s ' .-,,., President Calls an Extra Session of Congress in Grave ; , Crisis. NATION IN STATE OF DEFENSE Cabinet Officers Take Steps to Speed Up All Work Touching Upon Na tional Defense Plan Mem bers Are a Unit In Uphold ing Wilson's Hands. '' ''t-. -' London, March 22. Reuter's Amstef. dam correspondent reports that It li rumored that serious riots have brokee out In Berlin In connection with th scarcity of food. ,' Washington, March 22, The United States is in a state of defense. The administration has accepted Germany's cace of battle. Pacifism has been abandoned. By direct orders from President Wilson' the nation Is con centrating on its defense plans. In a few words here are the develop ments: v . " .. First President Wilson called con gress to meet In extraordinary session on Aprll 2 the earliest possible mo ment that the total membership can be brought together to "receive a communication concerning grave mat ters of national policy which should be taken Immediately under considera tion." ' ' - ' -: Spetd Up Mobilization. ' Second Cabinet officers took steps to speed up all work In any way touch ing upon the national defense program ; Secretary Daniels conferred at length with the naval board and Secretary Baker took up with the general staff plans for securing officers from the enlMed personnel of the rff;nlitr tmnj ...Third The-Council of National De fense, named a "committee' on muni tions," among whom Avere the biggest experts of the nation on that subject, to take care of the problem of stand ardizing plants to furnish guns and munitions for a force ns large as may be needed. ' Cabinet Is United. ; Fourth Cabinet members nailed ns "an absolute falsehood" reports that the cabinet was not a unit In uphold Ing President Wilson's hands in deter mining that Germany has -created state of war with the United States and that the only reply can be mad by congress which, when it assembled, will declare that war exists as the i e suit of Germany's aggression and out rages against American life and American property. FlfthSecretary of Commerce Bed field, echoing the sentiment of the en tire cabinet, wrote a stinging rebuku to the "Emergency Peace Federation," which asked him to "stave off war and to work for a commlsion to mediate differences with Germany'fby saying: "I believe your organization and doc trine to be directly promotive of at tacks upon American citizens and prop erty. . ' . . You are those who are doing more than anyone else to bring about war." ' Sixth Former President William Howard Taf t, en routo to Richmond to deliver an address, announced that the organization of which he is the head, "The League to Enforce Peace," will call off its convention which was to be held early in May, and every member will be urged to support the president in the present crisis. . Bids for 200 U-Boat Chasers. Seventh Sefretary of the ' Navy Daniels opened bids for construction of 200 additional submarine chasers which will be built by various ship yards at top speed. At the same time arrangements were made to standard ize certain factories to turn out gaso line engines for craft of this type at n Kneed never heretofore attempted. .. Eighth Congressional . leaders ar ranged for caucuses of Republican ana Democratic members of the new house before the extra session date in qder to perfect organization ana . prevent delays that might be dangerous. Session to Be Nonpartisan. Ninth Senators still in Washington personally assured the president that the deliberations of the special session will be nonpartisan .and will support him in every way. - Washington is not panic-stricken. Officialdom, firmly convinced that the gage has been cast, is fully counting the cost. What this nation will have to do is already accepted as a fact There is little difference of opinion in official quarters. Among the measures now under consideration, most of which are expected to be ordered carried out, are the following: Arrangement of a financial alliance POTATOES NOW ACCEPTED AS LEGAL TENDER . (Copyright.) : .' - NATION GATHERS WAR RESOURCES Great Industrial Plants Ready as Navy Is Being Whipped -Into Condition. 3,000,000 ARMY IS Hundreds of Big Corporations Have Prepared to Utilize Their Full ; Efficiency in the Defense of the Country. - Washington, March 22. All the re sources of the United States,- indus trial as well as military, are speedily being mobilized to place the nation in the fullest state of readiness' for ... tr.t fit f li 1 V ... . .... tiie 'present tne rehpuii-uuimj rests with the navy, which is arming American merchant ships, placing rush orders for submarine chasers, spend ing. $115,000,000 by special authority of congress to hurry the naval con struction already under way, advanc ing the graduation of classes at An napolis, protecting American harbors against invasion by German subma rines and marshullng the Industrial resources necessary to stand behind the fleet. x Plan to Raise Army of 500,000. Plans for the army are not so fully matured. It is believed, however, that President Wilson will recognize the possibility of the army's participation in war when he addresses congress by discussing the need of universal mili tary training. In a tentative way plans for marshaling the full strengin nf th rpeular army, the JNauonai Guard and the raising of a volunteer army of 500,000 men have been work ed out in the army war college. The volunteer army of 500,000 Is planned as a nucleus of what eventu ally would be an army of 3,000,000 and would be assembled in training camps. , Corporations Offer Plants. The mobilization of industrial re sources has gone much farther. Hun dreds of great corporations, through the efforts of the council of national defense; have prepared themselves to utilize their full" efficiency in the de fense of the-nation. Henry Ford, the Detroit automobile manufacturer, has offered and the gov ernment has accepted his great plant to be operated without profit in the event of war. Charles M, Schwab has announced that his Bethlehem plant, now greater than Krupp's, will be used entirely for the government. The United States Steel Corporation and a hundred other great Industrial or ganizations have been making ', plans for their participation. Yesterday the great copper interests notified the government that they would supply the army and navy with their vital supplies of copper at, about half the market price. ' Jackon.-James Arthur, 4-year-oia son of March Arthur, suffered a broken leg when he was run over by a street, sprinkler. between the United' States whether official or unofficial to be determined, later which will give the" entente al lies practically unlimited credit in the United States for the purchase of war supplies of every character. To Open Ports to Warships. The opening of all American ports and the establishment within them of coaling and provisioning facilities for the benefit of Varshlps of the entente allies. . ' The use of the American navy to pa trol the North and South Atlantic and a portion of the Pacific, thus relieving PRESS sis iiimui in 111 burnt ft ii inn 1 1 n punned lu si flriilL Z rder of President Wilson Declaration That State of War Probably Exists ' BEB MAI FORCE; ISSUE -?Arfcel of N'atlctt tSw-f makers; Li.Aly Will Place Half a Bil lion Dollars at His Disposal. Western Newspaper Union News Service. iWashineton. President Wilson met the the constantly increasing probabil ity of war wi,th Germany by summon ing Congress to assemble In extraor dinary session Monday, April 2, two weeks earlier than the aate he had chosen (before the latest assaults upon American rights on the seas. When the President addresses Congress he is expected to show how a state of war antimllv Vina evicter! fnr anme time be cause of the unlawful aggressions of I German submarines. Congress is ex pected formally to declare a state of war is existing, vote a large sum, prob ably half a billion dollars, for national defense, and clothe the President with authority to use the armed forces of the United States, as it empowered President McKlnley to deal with the menace of Spain in 1898. Such action would not be a declara tion of war, except in a technical sense. and whether the United States anil -larmanv tJ ft 11 Q llv irn tn war In tho hum uci uuHMj o fullest acceptation of the term will depend on what the Imperial Govern ment does, before Congress is assem bled or after it acts. 'Dispatches from abroad declaring that the German Government expect ed a state of war soon placed an ominous aspect on the situation. Much to change the President's present In tentions or the course of the Govern ment in the crisis may develop before April 2. The first American armed ships by that time will have reached the war zone. The ruthless destruc tion of one of them unquestionably would be an act of war. . On the other hand, sinking of a sub marine by one of the armed merchant men would be met as an act of war by Germany. Even the arming of American ships with the avowed pur pose " of defending them against U-boats may be declared such an act. v In any of these events practically nothing would remain except for Con cress to acknowledge a state of war existing from a certain specified date ---probably Sunday, when three Amer ican shlDS were sunk with loss 01 Hie. Until Congress meets, will be days of tns nnxletv. of eager waiting ana watching, fraught with possibilities of tremendous consequences to the United States. President Wilson and his advisers in the Cabinet and in Congress have given no Indication that war shall be declared by the United States. By the hostile acts of German submarines they believe the Imperial German Gov ernment is actually making war , on the United States, and that it shall be recognized as such a state. To meet such a condition the armed forces of the country and all the national re sources are to be put In a state of readiness. Then, whether the nation - P. FORMER EMPEROR AND CONSORT TO BE LOCKED UP Nicholas Romanoff and Wife Ta ken to Tsarskoe-Selo Pal ace for Safety. MISS MINISTER CURBS MOB Socialist Leader Sways Crowd With Appeal for Fair Trial for the Fall en Grand Duke Nicholas Is With Army. London, March 22. The Russian government has ordered that the de Dosed earoeror and his consort shall be reearded as having been deprived of their liberty and that they shall be taken to the Tsarskoe-Selo palace, so Reuter's Petrograd correspondent tele graphs. New Minister Curbs the Mob. Petrograd, March 22. General po litical ' amnesty has been ordered by the provisional government. The or der is embodied in the following ukase: "Yielding to the imperious demands of the national conscience, in the name of historic Justice and in commemor ation of the definite triumph of the new regime founded upon right and liberty, we order general political amnesty." One of the men upon whom much depends for the success of the new Russian government is Minister Keren ski of the department of Justice. An incident showing his character oc curred at a monster, meeting of social ists and worklngmen at the city hall Monday evening. . Among the banners displayed was one which read: "Death to our ene mies, the old ministers." Minister Kerehskl mounted the platform amid great acclamations. He. drew a red LandkercMc-tiftour his : two&et - siKrt soon as he could be heard ho suld iH1 "Have I your confidence, yes or no?" A roar of affirmation was the an swer. "Justice, Not Vengeance." "Then, listen," he continued. "Rus sian freedom is based on Justice to ev orv mnn. Those ministers, many of whom are sitting in the fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul tonight, are en titled to Justice, not vengeance. As far as I can Drevent It no wrong shall be done to them, but they shall have fnlr treatment and full Justice." Before M. Kerenskt had finished his speech the entire assemblage was shouting Its .approval. The meeting dissolved in quiet and orderly fashion. Grand Duke Nicholas With Army. London, March 22. Russian troopa at field headquarters welcomed the revolution with a remarkable demon stration, according to a Petrograd dis patch to Reuter's, quoting a telegram received at the capital from field head quarters. The telegram says that the troops marched in detachments to the public square, waving red flags and siaclne the Russian "Marseillaise" to i faiigjiug auwuu 1 , the music of their bands. At the re- quest of Grand Duke Nicholas, Gener al Alexleff, chief of staff, read the ab dication proclamation of the emperoi and exhorted the troops ' to serve loy ally the new government. Recognized by Orthodox ClergV. The orthodox clergy at Kiev has recognized the new government, Reu ter's Petrograd corespondent reports. Governor General Gondattl of the Siberian province of Amur and General Mestchenkoff, commander of the troops there, are reported to have been arrested. The duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz has been arrested and brought before the duma. Gen. Baron Fredericks, who was Em peror Nicholas' minister of court, has been arrested at "Gomel, being taken at the railway station and lodged In a hotel under guard. Jefferson City. Dr. Virgin of Roa noke, Va and singer, Mr. Hamilton, are conducting a revival at the First Baptist church. shall"enTer the war in Its fullest sense will depend upon how much farther Germany carries her acts of aggres sion. In every sense, war, if it actually onmns. will be a defensive war, free from ambitions of spoils or territory in which the United States, the Presl dent has Dublicly declared, shall want nothing for itself and shall seek only to preserve the rights of civilization and humanity. , In such a situation tha United States might even become an actual participant in the hostilities on the European continent, becoming a political ally of any of the Entente Powers, Bimply casting its weight ot men, money and moral influence into the battle against a common enemy. GEN. SIR PERCY LAKE Gen. Sir Percy Lake is In command 4k Bi.mok rlluloinn nnnratlna on the , VI k 1 1 V wiiM.ii ..--" " r U ! . . . I I . I T I ngnt DanK or ine igria nvci. for active service the many entente warships now In use there. No action has been taken on any of these propositions. They still are In formulatlve stages. But officials -point out that they are the next logical steps after congress acts. To Recognize Rebels. Washington, March 22. Formal rec ognition of the new government of Russia will be made shortly by the United States. The state department had before it the request of the revolutionary lead ers for the diplomatic recognition and moral support of the United States, and It was stated officially that the request will be complied with. "T fir communication ..from the ' ., I ' -' - 'p.. tliefJsi'rtre"d!pui Uuont 1y 'the ltus.'Jan' ambassador, George Bukhineteff. Mobilize Legislators. . One of the first results of President Wilson's advancement of the date for an extra session of the sixty-fifth con gress was a general mobilization of the administration's legislative leaa ers to prepare to rush crisis legisla tion through immediately. A Demo cratic caucus was set for March 30. Hurry calls were sent out for the absent members of the administra tion's legislative corps. Speaker Champ Clark and Majority Leader Claude Kitchin will reach Washing ton tomorrow. One of the first measures which will be rushed through will be a gi gantic appropriation bill for wartime needs of the nation. Estimates today placed the amount to be asked at $500,000,000. This huge sum will be utilized to put the nation on a war footing purchase of guns, ammuni tion, uniforms, horses and other mili tary equipment. President's Proclamation. The proclamation calling congress together in extraordinary session as sent to the president for his signa ture, was as follows : . "By the President of the United States of America. PROCLAMATION. "Whpreas. The public Interest re quires that the congress of the Unit ed States should be convened in extra oossinn nt 12 o'clock noon on the sec ond day of April, 1917, to receive such communications as may be maae Dy tha PYPcntlve and to consider grave questions of national poUcy. now, "Therefore, I, Wooarow w nson, pres ident of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim and declare that an extraordinary occasion requires the congress of the United States to con vnnp. in extra session at the capltol in th Citv of Washington on the sec- finv of Anril nt 12 o'clock noon, nf which all Dersons who at wartime shall be entitled to act as members thereof are hereby required to take nnHfA. rnvan under mv hand and seal of the United States of America the 21st day of March, in the year of our Lord nn hniisnnil nine hundred and seven teen and of the independence of tha United States the one hundred ana forty-first. fsitmpdi WOODROW WILSON, By the president: Robert Lansing, secretary of state. Tornado Kills Seven. Little Rock, Ark., March 22. Seven nersons were killed and elrht In lured when a tornado swept the country In the vicinity of Delarde, Ark. The1 dead are: Mr. nnd Mrs. Chnrloa Weatherington, Albert Herring, Mlltonj uutcmnson, Mattie Hearn, Lewis Bob erts, unidentified man.