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What does the foreign'servica of th
United States consist of? In a general way the term foreign Berries Includes consuls, but they are not diplomatic officers. The diplomat ic service Includes ambassadors pleni potentiary, envoys extraordinary and ; ministers plenipotentiary, ministers resident, diplomatic agents, secretaries of embassy, special secretaries of lega tion and third secretaries of embassy. How large is the Carnegie hero runa, Officers Of the army and navy serveand how is it administered or distrib as military and naval attaches to some "tod? embassies and legations.1 The grade The fund as established by Us of ambassador was established by eon-founder consists of $5,000,000 of first gress under the second Cleveland ad-collateral 5 per cent bonds of the Unit mirilstration. The law provided thated States Steel corporation. The trust when any foreign country should send was placed in the hands of a commis a diplomatic representative of the sion, "to place those following peaceful grade of ambassador to the United vocations who have been injured in States the president might appoint an heroic efforts to save human life in ambassador of the United States toaomewhat better positions pecuniarily that country. Congress, however, re-than before until again able to work; cently recalled the discretionary au- in case of death the widow and' chil thorlty given to the president and pro- dren or other dependents to be provid vided that embassies should be creat- ed for. Grants of sums of money may ed thereafter only by legislation. There also be made to heroes or heroines as are now ten embassies to Austria- the commission thinks advisable, each Hungary, ' Brazil, France, Germany, case to be judged on Its merit." No Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Mexico, part of the fund goes to reward' nets Russia and Turkey. We have many0f heroism in war or for anything ex consuls In foreign countries, but their cept efforts to save human life. The duties relate to business and commer- constitutional provision creating the clal affairs. fun(1 provItleg tnilt a meaa em D8 - Is there anything in the Bible ex empting newly married men from mil- i..u ro.,fn,.nm,T i , , Deuteronomy, chapter xxiv, verse 5, reads, "When a man hath taken a nejv wife he shall not go out to war, neithTr shall he be charged with any business, but he shall be free at home one year and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken." ! ' i ... What is meant by a buffer state? What ar. th huffr ..'. f P.7 It Is a figurative expression. In me- chanics a buffer, is something that -q,i , ,i, , v., ucmucu nuui.a uj. u uiipw Ul llie jar of a collision, a sort of fender. Hence a buffer state Is one that lies between Please name some of the principal two rival nations and helps to keep works written by authors before they them apart, while bearing the brunt of were twonty years of age. the war. At the beginning of the Shelly wrote "Queen Mab" at eight present war In Europe Belgium and een; Bryant wrote "Thanatopsis" at Luxemburg were called buffer states nineteen ; Burns wrote songs at the age because they lay In the path of the of ten; everything Chatterton wrote German forces that were to Invade was before be was seventeen; Tasso France. Generally little states have to wrote "Rlnaldo" at seventeen ; Hugo serve as buffers for big ones and suffer f issued his first volume of poems when thp. hnrdshlns of wnr without- anv nf he was twenty; Elizabeth Barrett the glory. Another use of the term of recent origin is "buffer zones," mean ing a strip or zone on either side of a boundary line dividing two states, which strip or zone both agree to re gard as neutral. . How long did the Franco-German war last? July 19, 1870, war was declared be tween France and Prussia and contin ued until May 10, 1871, when peace was signed. Non- Resident Attachment Notic The Proctor Ooal Co. vs. D. 12. Par J sons No. 3509 i Murphy Justice of Barore iranK the Peace, for Knox County, Tenn. In this cause it appears by the ... . 4 1 l J i t F a I atlldavit tnai me ueieiiuam, i v Parsons is justly indebted to the plaintiff and is a non-resident of the state of Tennessee, so that the ordinary process cannot be served served upon him, and an original at tachment having issued and returned to me with levy on his Dronertv, it ia therefore ordered that publication be made in the Knoxville Independent, a newspaper published in the city of Knoxville, for four consecutive weeks commanding the denfendani to appear before me at my office in Knoxville on May 47th 1917 at 12 o'elock m and make defense to said suit or it will be proceeded with ex parte. This 12th day of April 107 FRANK MURPHY, . Justice of the Peace for Knox Co. Tennessee ' l" nnni Let Us Do Your Overbaullng and repairing- Our mechanic has had ten years experience in Automobile Repairing TRY Batavia Security Tiresp For Best Resnlts Use Batavia Tubes J. P, Nicely & Sons ' 221 W. DepotSt. Old ;Phone 5331. New Phone 898 Gasoline- Fsee Air- Service . THE WORLD FOB , SOMETHING NEW We Have In The DRINK LINE The Purest, Most Healthful, High Class Beverages Made JITNEY-COLA Notice The Distinct Lime Juice Flr. y You Need Not Add It To Jitney-Cola .W A Number Of Specialties In Pure Fruit Juices . OKANGE WHISTLE, GRAPE SMASH, EXTRA-DRY The Only Bottling House In The City Using Double Distilled Water In Bottling. Both Phones ICE UNION BEVERAGE CO. Our Cueirjp am j-zep-artmen- given to the hero or widow or next of kin, which shall recite the deed it corn- memorates, mat aesceuuunis may know and be proud of their descent. ,,. , , i. . i i, T1!e mfedal 8h? le fivel? for ,tt e, , ro'c af eveu if thf doer be T ft nnd a so, a s;,m of nfl shd th commlssIo deemjuch gift desirable, Please give the weight of a few every day things measured by the barrel or the bushel. . . , . , . , . A. barrel of flour weighs 10G pounds, i barrel of salt 280 pounds, a barrel of JRCI 'xm ls'J a bushel of Portland remoiji; weighs !Ji E'ighs 00 pounds and a bushel " lime 70 pounds. Browning produced "An Essay on Mind" and other poems at eighteen; G. P. It. James wrote his "String of Pearls" at seventeen; Mrs. Ilemans published her first volume of poems at -"Cfeen; Boucicault wrote his first teen. There are no doubt to add to this list. Who were the Democratic nominees for president after Lincoln? In 1868, Horatio Seymour; in 1872, the party generally supported Horace Greeley, the Liberal Republican can didate, but an "old guard" nominated Charles O'Conor; in 1870. Samuel J. Tilden; in 1S80, General Whifleld Scott Hancock; 1884, 1888 and. 1892, G rover Cleveland; 1800 and 1900, William J. Bryan; 1901, Alton B. Parker; 1908, William J. Bryan; 1912, Wooclrow Wil son. Please name a few of the important medical and surgical discoveries made under conditions growing out of the conflict in Europe. Several unverified stories of remark able operations along new lines have appeared, but as yet the operations have not been described in medical Journals. Two Frenchmen, Drs. La Chainche and Vallee, announced In March, 1915, the discovery of a new antitoxin called "polyvalent," which has been successfully used in military hospitals. Dr. Alexis Carrel of the Rockefeller institute! and Dr. Henry D. Dakln of the Lister institute have discovered, after exhaustive experi ments at the Complegne military hos pital, what they say Is the ideal antl 8eptic.',, It is made by, adding carbV nate of lime and boric acid to hypo chlorite of lime. The discovery has been -pronounced of great Importance by the Academy of Sciences at Paris. In regard to the $20,000,000 the Unit ed States paid for the Philippines. To whom was this money paid the Span ish government, to Emilio Aguinaldo, to the religious order, to the Catholio church or to the people? The United States will pay to Spain the sum of $20,000,000 within ' three months after the exchange of the rati fication of the present treaty. From the Treaty of Peace, Dec. 10, 1899. ran 001 THE BEST 146 COLU diukau. THE KNOXVILLE THE DEATH ROLL OF INDUSTRY Thirty Thousand Workers Are Killed Every Year. 700,000 ANNUALLY INJURED Recognition of This Frightful and Pre ventable Wastage Should Be Included In Any System of National Prepared nessNeed of Immigration Restric tion Ne Labor Famine. . By FRANK MORRISON, Secretary of the American Federation of Labor. It Is Impossible to record fundamen tal gams during the last year, because of organized labor's agitation, or to individualize probable gains during the I vear tn porrm. The best we can do is to observe tendencies. Prominent among these is the workers' seizure of the cry for "preparedness" to emphasize a danger In Industry more deadly ( than, battle fields. Government statistics show that 30, 000' men are annually killed and 700, 000 are annually Injured for a period of four weeks or over. It has been stated that every year there are over 3,000,000 cases of in dustrial illness, caused mainly by long hours, low wages, dust, bad air, fumes, smoke, poisonings and poor ventilation and that through typhoid fever. and malaria aloue $900,000,000 is annually lost to this nation enough to equip the largest army and navy in the world and then have a balance suf ficient to pay the tuition of every boy now In college. A system of national preparedness which does, not Include recognition of this frightful and preventable wastage. Is the preparedness urged by big busi ness. A morality that ignores these facts and condemns war is based, on meaningless phrases. Another present day tendency is the acceptance of organized labor's posi tion on immigration restriction. Dur ing the last year the acid test of ex perience has verified the claim of trade unions that American institutions can not assimilate nor American living standards resist the flood tide's of in duced Immigration that has been the policy of the captains of industry. In formation and reports received by the officers of the American Federation ol Labor cletrly demonstrate the fact that a "labor famine" exists only where employers still demand ous':- hours at low wages and where they ignore the living standards set by the workers. -; Another element among employers who talk of the scarcity of labor do so to entice a sufficient number of idle workers to their factory gates as a menace to those employed and who are liable to demand better conditions. These employers oppose restriction of immigration because restriction will defeat their policy of having two or more men for every Job. Another tendency is the growing op position to labor Injunctions, which class labor power as property. The congress of the United -States has voiced this opposition In amendments to the anti-trust laws. Judicial Inter pretations of the term "property" in the fourteenth amendment to the fed eral constitution are losing their force. What was originally intended to end slavery has been used to thwart the enactment of 'social legislation, but courts have failed to check the swell ing tide of democracy. The trade union movement is con scious of the part It has played in the tendencies above referred to,and this consciousness will be an inspiration to greater effort during the coming year. COMPENSATION DECISIONS. Courts of California and New York Reach Opposite Conclusions. The supreme court of California has decided that an employer in that state is not liable under the workmen's com pensation law for injuries to an em ployee which he received as the result of being tickled by a fellow workman. Judge Melvin, writing the opinion, pointed out that an accident for which the employer may be held responsible "must he one resulting from a risk reasonably incident to the employ ment." The court said In part: "That the act of his fellow servant was but momentary and without mal ice and not in excess of the usual in tercourse between servants makes no difference. Suppose the fellojy employ ee had tripped him up intentionally, but playfully. Would any one contend that the employer was liable because his servants (perhaps entirely with out his knowledge) had established a custom of tripping one another? We cannot see how this assault differed from any other. Flint" was hyper aesthetic in that he was peculiarly sensitive to tickling. This was known to his associates. His fellow servant who tickled him as he was going down a stairway carrying a bucket In his hand may have, been an amiable 'per son who merely intended a bit of rough play, but unless he was an idiot he must have seen that such a prank was attended with some danger. We cannot see that1 it Is our duty to measure the dynamics of assaults and to hold that the master must be charg ed with foreseeing and Insuring against those which are playfully Intended and which may.be sanctioned by a custon existing among his servants." The New York court of appeals reached an opposite conclusion In the practically similar case of In re Heitz. " INDEIi ENDENT : com PENSATION LEGAL. The f united .States supreme court lian finally and forever set tled ftife constitutionality of work men's' compensation laws passed by tbi states,- Whether they are voluntary or compulsory, whether $ they rompel state insurance by $ 3 employers or leave the choice $ 4 of in urance companies open to tnem,! tiie.v are not in conflict with be United States constitu tion :jiuU ire within the powers reserved to the states. Probably the uioft significant part of the decisions recently announced for the tribunal is the denial that an employer has a constitutional right to common law defense or any of t), em. Philadelphia Press. WARNING TO EMPLOYERS. New York Industrial Commission 8aya . They Must Insure Workers. , Employers who do not take out com pensation insurance for their employ ees are likely to go to Jail if they do not mend their ways. Many, complaints have reached the State Industrial Commission in the last few weeks of employers who have not protected their employees by taking out compensation Insurance as provid ed by the state law. Until; the legislature of 1916 acted the New York state compensation law provided that where ftn emploj'er had not taien out compensation insurance and one of his employees was injured the state industrial commission could Institute civil action against the em- ployer under which not only the com pensation could be recovered, but heavy'vpenalties as well. In such an action .the employer could not plead in defense any negligence on the part of the Injured employee or contributory negligence on the part of any fellow employee. The legislature of 1910 made failure to take out compensation by employers whose' business was covered by the compensation law a misdemeanor, thus providing a Jail penalty in addition to the civil remedies already provided. At a recent meeting the State Indus trial Commission considered at length the increase In complaints against neg ligent) employers, and it was decided that from now on its legal bureau shoulp take the necessary steps to prosecute such offenders criminally. . "Employers who neglect to take out comriensation do more to discredit the compensation law tuan any otuer agen y."lsaid Chairman John Mitchell of the Jew York state industrial commis sion! "When injured employees findj thai -they have not been protected by the jfVnpensation law, as they had K?et3tt to -foeUove tlmy were, they are nf't familiar with the requirements of the law and Jump to the conclusion that in some way the state has not kept Its agreement with the injured workers; It is the business of the in dustrial commission to see that in jured workmen receive the compensa tion the law intended they should receive. Ilence the commission intends to resort to severe measures if em ployers will not do their part in insur ing their employees against accident. We hope that this announcement will serve to warn employers who, either ignorantly or Intentionally, have sought to evade the law for pecuniary person al gain. All our inspectors and agents have . been diligent in their inquiries of the employers , whom they visit as to whether compensation insurance has been proved or not, but there are many emftprers who do not come un der the defect Jurisdiction of the in dustrial commission. The complaints that have reached us are against firms, corporations or'ludividuals not reached by our inspectors." MILITARY SERVICE. Gompers Favors Compulsory Training ' When Volunteers Fail. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor; in the course of a recent Interview said he was in favor of compulsory traiffing and, service, either military or indus trial,' only after voluntary service had been proved a failure. "We must have service," he said. "It should be voluntary. .There must be no compulsory service enforced un til every opportunity is given to prove voluntary service ineffective. "Though not forgetting the present situation, we must still talk in terms of peace. The great recent conference, however, pledged labor's service to the country 'In any form whatever.' "But at the same time the resolu tion specifically . declares the govern ment 'must recognize the organized la bor movement as the agency through which it must co-operate with wage earners,' "On the other hand, labor believes voluntary service should have more of a trial. The voluntary idea has not yet been sufficiently tried to warrant the Immediate adoption of a policy of compulsory service. "There is a lot of difference between training that is voluntary, entered into and encouraged by propaganda and ed ucation, and that of compulsion." Asked what form of service labor would render, Mr. Gompers replied: "It is a little too early to answer that I cannot say now whether labor would train for the industrial or mili tary end of the war. But you know it requires three men in a factory for every man in the trenches to keep an army supplied. Labor's forces are large. " "Perhaps our plans for this will be known soon, but we will have to get down to a working basis." . o 1 We do Job Printing at Fair Price Some providers are so "near-sighted" they only provide for NOW while others are generously "far-sighted" and provide for NOW and TOMORROW Look around you most everywhere any day and you will see sorrow and suffering caused by "near-sighted "providers. Such scenes should bring it right home to you. Askjyourself the question- "Have I provid ed for my loved ones future with a suffi cient amount of Life Insurance?" , Paying the premiums need not worry you if you have a Holston Savings Account ac cumulating regular deposits. THE HOLSTON NATIONAL BANK GAY STREET AND CLINCH AVE. STADBS THEATRE ONION OPERATORS Monday night April 23 HENEY W. SAVAGE offers SjWCY aitzi Mm In a Big Bang-Up New York Hit POM-POM The New Comic Opera Sensation With Fifty Fun Makers MINEFOREMEN EXAMfNA TIQN FDR KNOXVILLE The Board of Mine Foremen Ex aminers for the State fo Tennessee will hold an examination at the At kin Hotel," Knoxville, April 24-25 26. R. A. Shiflett, Chief Mine Inspector TO CHARLEY WADDELL Wayne Eckle vs. Marj Waddell 1 State of Tennessee. In Chancer Court of Knox County. Ko. 15232 In this cause, it appearing from the bill filed, which is sworn to, that the defendant Charley Waddell is a non resident of the state of Tennessee, so the ordinary process cannot be served upon him, it is ordered that the defendant appear before the Chancery Court, at Knoxville, Ten nessee, on or before the 1st Mon day of May next, and make de fense to said bill, or the same will be taken for confessed and the cause set for heanna; ex parte as to him. i'his notice will be published in the KNOXVILLE INDEPENDENT for four consecutive weeks. This the 31st day of April 1917 J. C. FORD, Cl'k & Mas. O. L. White, Sol. March 31 April 7 U 21 1917 TO LUCY LEE ROYD George E. Boyd vs. Lucy Lee Beyd Slate nf Tennessee, lu Chancery Court or Knox County. No. 15238 In this cause, it appearing from the bill filed wfiich is sworn to, that the defendant Lucy Lee Boyd is a non resident of the State of Tenn essee so that the ordinary process cannot be served upon her, it is or dered that said defendant appear be fore the Chancery Court, at Knox ville, Tennessee, on or beiore the first Monday of May next, and make defense to said bill, or the same will be taken for confessed and the cause set for hearing ex parte as to ner This notice will be published in the KNOXVILLE INDEPENDENT for four successive weeks. This 6th day of April, 1917 J. C. FORD. Cl'k & Mas. Wright Jenes A Sexton Solr's. April 7, J 4 21 28 1917 TO BEN F. CASTEEL Edna M. Casteel vs. Ben F. Casteel State of Tennessee, In Chancerr Court of Knox County. No. 15244 In this cause it apearing from the bill filed, which is sworn to that the defendant Ben F. Casteel itf a non-reii-ident of the Stale of Tennessee, so ARE WEST? YOU NORTHWEST? GOING (SOUTHWEST? EXCELLENT PASSENGESt ESSVICE VIA Southern Railway TO ALL FQSHTS that the ordinary process cannot be served upon him, it is ordered that said defendant appear before the Chancery Court, of Knoxville, Tennes see, on or before the 1st Monday of May next and make defense to said bill, or the same will be taken for con fessed and the cause set for hearing ex parte as to him. This notice will oe published in the Knoxville Inde pendent for four successive weeks. This 6th day of April, 1917 J. O. FORD, Clerk & Master. . W. Saylar, Sol. April 7 14 21 28 W17 TO WILL EMMONS Annie Emmons vs. Will Emmons jitue of Tennessee, In Chanoery Court of Knox County. No. 15243 In this cause, it appearing from the bill filed, which is sworn to, that the defendant. VV ill Emmons is a non-resi dent of Tennessee, so that the ordin ary process cannot be served upon him, it is ordered that said defendant appear before th2 Chancery Court, at Knoxville, lennessee, on or before the first Monday of May next, and make defense to said bill, or the same will be taKen for confessed and the cause set for hearing ex parte as to mm. mis notice will be published in tl T,- Ml T 1 1 . m uie jvnoxvuie inuepenaent lor lour eonsecutive weeks. This 7th, day of April 1917 J. C. Ford, Clerk & Master John A. Huff, Sol. Tires, Tires, Tires. You half sole your shoes, why not your tires? We make them look like new tires and guarantee 2500 miles saving you about 50 per cent on your tire bill. Call and let us dem onstrate. Satisfaction guaranteed. Double Tread Tire Works 815 S.Gay St. Old Phone 45 17 TO MARY HARLAN W. B. Harlan vs. Mary Harlan State of Tennessee, In Chancery Court of Knox County. No.. 15262 In this cause, it appearing from the bill filed, which is worn to, that we ueieuuani iuary tiarianis a non resident of the state of Tennessee. ll.nl ihn r.T.H;nn.. . A e 8erved UDOn ner " it ig orAeT6A that said defendant appear before Uw Chancery Court, at Knoxville, lennessee, on or before the f'rst Mon day of May next, and make defense to said bill, or the same will be aken for confessed and the cause set for hearing ex parts as to ner. This notice will be published in the KNOXVILLE INDEPENDENT for four successive weeks. This ,7th day of April, 191 7 J. C. EORD, C. & M. Bowen & Anderson, Sols. April 7 14 21 28 1917 Non-Resident Attachment Notice. Service Garage Co. vs. L C. Rumbaugh Before J R. Ailor Justice of the Peace for Knox County, Tenn. In this cause, it appears by affidavit that the defendant L. C. Rumbaugh ifl justly indebted to the plaintiff and is a non resident of Tennessee, so that the ordinary process annot be served upon him and an original attach ment having been issued and returned to me with levy upon an Overland Road ster Automobile iff i therefore ordered that publication be made in the Knoi ville Independent, a newsparer pub lished in the city of Knoxvilh, for four consecutive weeks, commanding that said defendant, appear before me, at my office in Knoaville, Tenn. on the 16th of May, 1917 and make de fene to said suit, or it will be proceed ed with ex parte. This 17th. dav of April 1917 J. R. Ailor, Justice of the Peace for Knox County. Tennessee. . U. euh kv ft. A. J' .