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THE KKOXVIIXS IliDSPSND.-
Fhi Knoxvillslnrftf indent GEO W. FORD, EDITOR. 718 GAY STREET. OFFICE PHONE (OLD) 296 RESIDENCE PHONE (OLD). 686 EnUred at thi postoffice at Knox ville, Tenn., as second-class matter. Subscription Rates, by mail, one vaa 11 DO aiv mnnfhu fiO panti tir monihi. 26 nnti: single codib.. 1 if 2 Mits. I The problem of civilization has been to provide avenues through which "No man living are more worth wealth can change hands. In buying be trusted than those who toil up fro.. ttnd selling, and through which the re poverty, none less inclined to take or sources of the earth can be made of touch aught which they have not hon-' service to mankind. estly earned." Abraham Lincoln. UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA. District It. Headquarters, Pineville, Ky. Graysville, Tenn. ' T. J. Smith President Graysville, Tenn. P. P. Lynch Vice President Soddy, Tenn. T. M. Gann Secretary-Treas. Pineville, Ky. INTERNATIONAL BOARD MEMBER John Jeffrey Pittsburg, Ky. EXECUTIVE BOARD. Geo. Branam Soddy, Tenn. John Mcllquhan Pittsburg, Ky. Joe A. White E. Bernstadt, Ky. Ben Delph Ar Jay, Ky. Alf Martin Soddy, Tenn. AUDITORS Thomas Brown ..East Bernstadt, Ky. Robert Gann Soddy. Tenn. J. D. Tinsley Pittsburg, Ky. TELLERS Richard Lowe Jellico, Tenn. J. D. Posey Soddy, Tenn. Henry Patterson .Pittsburg, Ky. DELEGATES TO TENNESSEE FEDERATION OF LABOR T. J. Smith Graysville, Tenn. Alf Martin Soddy, Tenn. Thos. M. Gann Knoxville, Tenn. LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE FOR TENNESSEE T. J. Smith .Graysville, Tenn. DELEGATE TO KENTUCKY FED ERATION OF LABOR John Jeffrey Pittsburg, Ky. LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE FOR KENTUCKY John Mcllquhan Pittsburg, Ky. LABOR DURING WAR. Muat Play Its Part Manfully and Ob aerva Its Contracts. A call to laboring men to "play our part In the war manfully' with "un stinted loyalty to these UnUed States" has been issued by John P. White, In ternational president of the United Mine Workers of America. "The government Is demanding co operation orgunized effort between em ployer and employee to meet the conn try's war requirements," Mr. White said; "The eyes of the world are fo cused to see how quickly and efficiently the government's demands will be met "The proud boast of every trade unionist should be unstinted loyalty to these United States of America. Ob servance of contracts should be the aim of every member as well as every onion official. We must play ir part in the war iuaiumiy ana wen. avery legiti mate endeavor should be exercised be fore a tleup In any trade results. "We must keep pace with time. Go forward, not backward. Ungrudging ly give the best that is In us, If we are to expect the best In return. Condi tions are being transformed overnight; we must meet these new demands, safe ly and sanely. "No matter how difficult It may seem or exacting the task, labor must strive to preserve Intact during the war the principles of collective bargaining. When the curtain falls on the world's most deplorable slaughter In history, when the sound of shot and shell shall be heard no more, and reconstruction begins to rehabilitate the shattered areas of the world to a normal state, let It be said of organized labor that every measure of industrial democracy enjoyed when we started out to make the world safe for democracy has been maintained. "There is no sound reason for pessi mism la the ranks of labor if we are awake to opportunities. The fearful and hesitant will find comfort In giv ing their unbounded loyal support. So let us cement our hopes out of mutual Interest and hope for worldwide uplift worldwide peace the expressed 'aim of the war.' " United Mine Worker ir. thnnsnnd six hundred and twen tv-one local unions are affiliated to the I International, ana tne eomumuu TRADE UNIONS AND PROSPERITY Higher Wages For ' Workers Msan an Increase In Industry. DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH The Mora Monty In the Hand of the Mast of the People the Greater Will Be tho Demand Tor Product Or ganized Labor Haa Dona Muoh to 8pad tha Prograaa of Civilization. ' It's a late day to be arguing about the good the labor unions have done for the American commonwealth. ' If our civilization has merit It Is be cause It Is bringing to the many the advantages that once belonged only to a few. A state Is neither civilized nor pros perous when all the wealth and ma terial comforts belong to a small aris tocracy, while the mass of the people are prostrate In poverty. , As civiliza tion advances the possessions of the common man Increase. As these In crease the state becomes stronger. Neither gold nor coal Is of value un- less It can be used. Before a sale can be made there must be a buyer. Before a man can become , a buyer he must have the money with which to buy. Unless he has this money the coal and Iron must remain unmlned, the cot- ton and silks unwoven Into cloth be cause there Is no demand for them. So the manufacturers of goods and the sellers of goods are confronted with the necessity of placing more money In the hands of the common man, who is the buyer, In order that they themselves may prosper. As a part of civilization they have been working blindly, often unwilling ly and with many blunders, at the task; of providing more buyers in the world. But while this slow process has been In motion a new great force has made itself felt. This Is the demand of the common man himself for the means to buy tho products of the manufacturer and the goods of the retailer In order that he and bis family may live In comfort The worker came to realize that he himself had a thing of value to sell a thing of such value that the coal and Iron In the earth, the silk In the cocoon, the cotton in the boll, were worthless without It This thing of value was his labor. So the workers joined together In unions and bartered their 'labor as the merchant bartered his goods. Labor, before that, had been the only thing in the world on which the buyer al ways fixed the price. The shoe mer chant named the price at which his shoes should sell, the steel manufac turer named the price at which his rails should sell, but the worker, offer ing his labor In the market always had to take the price the buyer named. With the coming of the unions. labor began to find Its place with other com modities of value in the world, and the workers were able to bargain over the price at which It should be sold, just as the retailer bargains with the manu facturer, and the manufacturer with the producer of raw material. The result of this was that labor brought a higher price. The workers had more money to spend. Higher wages for the worker meant that hundreds of thousands of yards of woolens and millions of pounds of manufactured foods and countless tons of building materials were being sold for which there was no demand until the worker got the money to buy them. This meant an Increase Iff Industry throughout the land. When a few are rich and the rest of mankind Is near starvation the manufacturer and the retailer are In a hard way because the amount of their product that a few can use is very limited. ' When a vast number of men and women are able to buy comforts and luxuries then de mand is high and prosperity reigns. In the organization of our social and Industrial system the producer of raw material the miner and the grower of crops, the manufacturer, the whole saler, the retailer and the buyer are welded firmly together In a mighty chain of trade. A chain Is just as strong as its weak est link and no stronger. The strength ening of the weaker links means the strengthening of the whole chain. It la in strengthening these weaker links that the labor unions have brought material benefit not only to the worker, but to the manufacturer and merchant and miner, whose prod uct the worker buys. As tha worker Increases In prosperity the whole nation Increases In prosper ity because the wealth of the land which otherwise would lie Idle be cause of lack of ' demand Is brought Into usefulness. Just so far as the labor unions suc ceed in raising the level of all work ers the level of welfare of all Industry; will be raised. ' The more wealth that la in the hands of the mass of tha people the greater will be the demand for the products of the earth, and the less wheat and corn and Iron and coal and wood will He unused and unsold In our land.- San Francisco Pally News. LADOR UNIONS TO END MILITARISM Workers of United States and South America In Movement. PLAN A GREAT CONGRESS American Federation of Labor Not Al lied With Paaoa Propagandist, but la Warmly Supporting Preparedneel In Defense of Nation Idea of Move ment la Pan-American Federation. Committed to a program of prepared-! nesa for the defense of the United States, the American Federation of La bor has embarked upon a movement to band the working men of the western hemisphere Into a pan-American feder ation to resist In their respective coun tries a dominance of militarism. Indorsement of the project has been obtained from all of the Latin Ameri can countries, - and correspondence is now being carried on with these na-f tlous by a conference committee located, In Washington looking to the holding) In Washington in the near future of a, great congress, at which every country In the Americas would be represented and a permanent organization would! be effected. ' i The proposed federation will have as Its nucleus the 3,000,000 organized la borers of the United States and the more than 1,000,000 enrolled in the fed eratlons of the Latin American coun tries. . i While the federation now contemplate ed would Include only organized labor In North, South and Central America and the islands of the West Indies, this move is the first step toward world federation that would embrace all nations and strive for common! alms.- This truly international devel opment must wait however, for the restoration of peace In Europe. ' Resistance to military dominance of any one of the pan-American countries over any other is the primary purpose of the proposed federation. It has other aims, however, that look to pro motion of material benefits under It policy of peace. I Through its efforts Its promoters foresee pot only an establishment of fraternal relations between the several countries included, but a stimulation of commerce and the establishment of closer trade relations generally. I The conference or provisional com mlttee which Is now established in the American Federation of Labor building, Washington, is composed of Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, chairman; Jol Murray of California, secrete rv... Santiago Iglesias, representing ttt Or ganized workers of Porto Hico, and Carlos Loveira, representing the organ ized workers of Yucatan, Mexico, f !? In launching this movement the American Federation of Labor was not allying itself with peace propagandists and antlpreparedness elements in the United States. Reminded that the declarations against militarism might leave this impression, Mr. Gompers said: "Any Inference drawn from the man ifesto which we have issued setting forth our plan that we are against pre paredness for defense is unwarranted, I am a member of the advisory com mission of the council of national de fense and spent every day of a recent week in conference with that council, "We are taking every action for pre paredness in defense of the rights and Interests of the people and the nation. "We hope by our organization of the Pan-American Federation of Labor to prevent the exercise of military domi nation of any one of the pan-American countries over another. We hope to give the peoples of each of the Latin American countries the opportunity of Working out their own problems and developments so that the Latin Amerl ean republics may co-operate for tha common defense and have opportunity of attainment of the highest ideals of all our peoples." Carlos Loveira and Baltasar Pages, Mexican representatives of labor, have: toured all of the Latin imerlcan coun tries In the interest of the proposed federation, and Mr. Loveira said that absolute assurances of co-operation had been obtained from the heads of organ Ized labor in each country visited. One of the principal benefits which will Inure to the United States through the establishment of the federation, Mr. Loveira believes, will be the eradl cation of the impression held by many Latin Americans, particularly the masses, that the people of the United States are obsessed with commercial ism and "dollar chasing." This impres sion, he added, has militated strongly against a permanent trade development with the Latin Americans. A closer relationship, he declares, is necessary to promote trade between tho Unit! States and her sister republic. eoooooooooooooooo O ' o O TRADE UNIONISM. f 0 ; o o Trade unionism hat been the o 0 great revolutionizing force that o has secured opportunities for 0 o better lives and work for those o 0 who work. o o The unions are the schools of o 0 thd workers where they learned 0 0 the lessons of democracy and in- 0 dependence. ft ) 0 May aU of America's workers o 0 take adraatage of the opportuni- o o ties of 1917 to organize the yet o o unorganized and to strengthen o 0 the unions of those who are on o 0 the battle line for labor. ' oooooooooooooooooo FROM ALL PARTS OF TENNESSEE Reports of Interesting Events Boiled Down for Hasty Perusal. Dyersburg. Bob Hatch, a negro bootlegger, was killed here while at tempting to evade arrest. Shelbyville. Elder John T. Smith, of - Sparta, is conducting a revival meeting at the Christian church in this city. " f Lynchburg. William A. Gore, one of Moore county's wide-awake farm ers of the Second district, sold 49 hogs for 11,515. Gleason. The second contingent of Weakley county's army quota, recent ly selected, were honored with a rally and barbecue at Dresden. Ripley .--Charles McNeil, farmer,' Is in jail here, charged with the kiHing of Charles Cannon, planter, and, the shooting of his 15-year-old son. Murfreesboro. The Central high school of this city opened with an extra large attendance. On the open ing days there were 171 present. Jackson.' The Jackson Trades and Labor Council adopted unanimously a resolution favoring the location of the military camp in Madison county. Memphis. J. J. Losier, former post master at Jackson, and well known in state political circles, died at his home here, following an .illness of a few hours from paralysis. Murfreesboro. Tennessee college opened the school year here with an unusally large attendance, the school having enrolled more students on the first day than durlngany entire year of its existence except that of last year. Knoxville Through the discovery of two mountains of chert in Knox county, the use of which has been of fered to the road commission, Super intendent of Pike Roads John Doug lass estimates that he will save the county more than $50,000 annually. Bolivar. A. M. Kahn and T. A. Par ran met with a serious accident while returning from Jackson in an auto mobile. While crossing the levee Just north of Bolivar the lights of the car went dead, and in the darkness the machine plunged down a 30-foot em bankment nton' City. Valuable walnut logs from the bottom of Reelfoot Lake, where they have lain slnoe the great earthquake whioh felled them and formed the lake in 1812, have been shipped to an eastern factory for the construction of airplanes and hydro airplanes Is a report from the lake territory. - Dyersburg. Two thousand citizens were at the train to see the Dyer county selective draft soldiers entrain for camp. The boys met at the court house and marched to the train in a body, headed by the B. M. C. band. They were given an ovation on leav ing. Forty-two men were in the party. Knoxvllla The Southern Railway employes say that the Increase to be granted on salaries of clerks Oct. 1 will amount to 10 or 12 per cent. One hundred and sixty-five men will be af facted on the Knoxville division, it is stated. Halls. A mother's love failed to Im press her son to the point of pushing his claim for exemption from the Unit ed States army. He wrote to the fed eral appeal board, insisting that he is big, strong and healthy, and that he wants to go to war. "My mother is having an exemption claim fixed up in an appeal which she will send you. ask the board to pass my case and re fuse to allow these claims. My moth-' er is not dependent on me. I believe every honest American who can ought to go out in defense of his country." Alamo. The Maccabees of Tennes see will hold a state convention In the city of Dyersburg on Tuesday, Nov. 6. There are a large number of tents and each tent will have a representa tive to this convention. Obion. B. A. Harris and Lloyd Pee ler of Dexter, Ky., were Instantly kill ad when an automobile in which they were riding was struck by an I. C passenger train at a crossing about half a mile north of Obion. Part of the car was hurled into an adjoining field. UNITY OF LABOR. Unity of labor means that ev- every organized worker shall be engaged In one common union movement because, whether or ganized by trades or industries, a question entirely subordinate' to the fundamental necessity of unity, there should be no divi sion of labor's ranks. There should be only one la bor movement in a nation, and in the United States and Canada that movement is the American Federation of Labor, and in ev- ery trade or Industry that move- nient is the union affiliated with the American Federation of La- bor. a 5q . Making cifo Flag Wilbur Your Flag and My flag" ; ' j How did we maKe the.flag? I By rule? By compass, and square, and line? With pattern,andthread,and the sempster's tool, To follow the plain design? Was it only the lore that the draftsmen Knew That gave us the red, and the white, and blue? How did we maKe the flag? Not all I By measuring stitch ajid seamt "';'.-.. For part of it came from a country call 3 I And part of it is a dream Is a vision that led brave souls aright. And gave us the red, and the blue, and white. How did we maKe the flag? In peace . We fashioned it fold on fold$ 1 Tr wnr ft was hlenrl with the cfrfm eanrice The drums in their summons rolled. Twas the courage aliKe of the quicK and dead That gave us the blue, and the white, and red. How did we maKe the flag? 'Twas thus i It came to its grace and worth j A Through all that is good in the souls of us ' The banner has had its birthj 'Twas the holier strength of the purpose true That gave us the red, and the white, and blue. Thus have we made the flag? Ah, no! ! By colors that will not fade, By sinuous sweep and by deathless glow, Tis us that the flag has made! And it whispers today "You must hold me high "MADE Iff WhafstheUse? Why not pledge yourself to use "Made In America" goods exclusively? American irtisans can equal the handiwork of any other country. . There's no reason why prices should be higher and many reasons for keeping the money at home. The billions that go to Eu rope will now keep all American workmen em ployed. You do your part. Danbury Hattera' Fund. John W. Sculley of New Vork, na tional president of the United Hatters of North America, recently stated that the American Federation of Labor. Which has raised funds to reimburse the defendants in the anti-boycott suit of D. E. Loewe & Co. against members of the Hatters' union, would not make a settlement with the plaintiffs by the payment of a cash amount. The fed eration, Scuiley said, would permit the attorneys for Loewe & Co. to proceed to foreclose the property under attach ment and reimburse the defendants for their loss. Send Us Tour Job Printing. BNesbtt sutAor of v',.,. ; 1 to each star-told states and must Keep me great!' AMEHICA" ' Sharea With Kmpioyeaa. The Penn Tobacco company, .Wilkes barre, Pa., one of the largest independ ent concerns in the country, has an nounced a new1 method of profit shar ing with Its employees. Under ap ar rangement In effect Jan.. 1 the employ ees will receive a bonus proportionate to the cash dividends of the stockhold ers. . The dividends on $1,000,000 capi talization are now 4 per cent payable quarterly. Under the Penn plan every time there Is a dividend declared for the stockholders the percentage of div. ldend will be 'applied to each employ ee's salary..,,' bershlp is 282.102. t ' w do J rrtnOnjr it ajar oricet , . . . .