Newspaper Page Text
Tins KtfUAVILLE INDSFEWDIm
fhe Knaxville Independent CEO W. FORD, EDITOR. THE HABIT OF SAVING jvr'rw?''it'i''vr.--sf--.-r-rr.'??tr'. Having money is a matter of habit.Think of the things you spend money for, and you'll find you could save ten per cent of your wages, if you de sired to. It isn't going without things you really need, but watching where you'v been wasting . The habit of saving nickels and dimes in a Bank Account becomes automatic in a month or ss, aud you'll find it more fun than spending money.. Say what yov please abot money, having it does give one the glad-to-be-alive feeling-for you can work better and enjoy life in a way you'l never know until you save. Open Saturday nights 6 to 8. We Pay 4 On Savings Accounts. 718 GAY STREET. 1FFICE PHONE (OLD) RESIDENCE PHONE (OLD). Ir7 I V A AA A A V M AAaAAAAA' aXHaAA AA AA At AAA a'aaaA At fi I j , A A ? J i1 " J" If ' fy if IT" iwi N''.;-' " - I Your Flag and My Flag By WOUPv D. NBBTT Yaarkndanci my Un4-ic wtahta fa fotdtl YawtMartftridmybcanbcaiqtiidurai h.itg) Stavlimd and wiftd-lon.ii. red and faiu and whita, am Ffa lh grw PUf iht FUg for a mi row OkrilM a tb tak- nJ ftndwtx aorf ban. VOUR Ha and or Rad And how h So k b imv hod and or lud and half k world xmri Rnavrad and blood-red d aripa forcw sleaai ad KHl-whi th (Md farefaduri' aw V - ' -J VAAAAAAAy'yAy'AAA'AAA 1 Arneripiin nnnv trucks-on the road betwepn Coblenz and Bonn on the left bank of the llhme. 2 aiiKUurii of nifi Aiiipncan anny of orcupanon crossing ihe Iihine at Coblenz, one f iu: ;l.-"as to GcruioD. 3 C..,r di'n Iioue of the governor's mansion at Archangel, Russia, used by the American Ked Cross as part of Us head ft Win Mid am him, with ami t glttm triij Tb (larW yadoa of lh dyi ft ihdHr through dw adh Y Fh( Md aqr FUjt To vo7 nr and strip Tt dm bcu u hcrt but and Urn thriDy pip V Flft( tnd my FIm ft bteainj ia the Hiyj Yaar bop and my nape It ncvar hid a Bel Hoaw Uod and rar land and half th world araond, fiU Oho ban)urlad aalut and riloatt dwaoundl r 4irCV EnUred at the postoffice at Knoa rille, Tenn., as second-class matter. HEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Russian Factions Are Invited to Confer With Commission From the Allies. ON SEA OF MARMORA ISLAND to the flini. even pnMonate, opinion of was the next, sclieduled for presenta- Subscription Rates, by mail, one rear, $1.00; six months, 60 cents; three months, 25 cent: single copies,' ? cents. 1 "N men living are more worthy be trusted than those who toil up frOi-i porerty, none kss inclined to take or touch aught which they have not hon estly earned." Abraham Lincoln. UNION AGENTS IN DILEMMA Eastern Chief of Police Has Held That They Are Not Engaged In Essen tial Occupations. Labor circles are much interested In the result of the rulinj; of Jacob Dunne, chief of police of Hackensnck, N. J., who does not: consider the busi ness agent of a trade union enj;a::'il In nn essential occupation and that therefore, under the compulsory work law, he la on idler. Two labor representatives, one liv ing In Ilackensaek and the other In Rldgefleld Park, have been told by (be police chief that they must jcel essential work. Officials of some of the trades councils have made protest, promising to contest such action. The matter will be brought before the community labor board of the district, and It Is proposed thut the dispute be left In abeyance until that board begins its work. Joseph Spitz of Newark, N. J., assistant federul director of employ ment, Is reported to have writ ten that hie considers the business agents to be engaged In essential work, because of their assistance to the government In settling labor disputes. MINOR NEWS OF LABOR Photographers at Seattle, Wash., have formed a union. Average dally wages In Germany's metal Industry are $1.32. Membership In Independent labor unions la Canada totala 7,.")ftl. Female membership In British trade unions Increased 1SQX2 In 1910. In France the working time of fe male munition workers is ten hours a day. The first annual meeting of the Irish Clerical Workers' union was held re cently. A new union of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen bns been formed In Buffalo. Of the total men called to the col ers In this country 50,000 were found to be tubercular. The union of woman employees of tbe bureau of engraving and printing formed recently has grown to 2,530. Farm laborers in the county of Dub lin, Ireland, are demanding an In crease of $2.50 a week In their wages. During the last six years organized street car men In Chicago have re ceived more than $7."0,000 In benefits. British farm laborers are to have a half-holiday, this making their ordi nary working week one of five and one half days. The majority of railroad workers In Japan are women who are doing ev- eiythlng except running and firing the engines. Portland, Oregon, Js the only city on the Pacific coast that still clings to the eld 24-hour Idea of working Its i fire flrrhfprs. ir v . ' Mutt First Cease Military Operations Majority Socialists Victors in German Elections British Plan for League of Nations Presented Irish Par liament Meets. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Realizing that they cannot establish peace in the world while Russia Is at war with herself and her neighbors, the supreme council of the peace con gress has Invited all Russian factions to send representatives to the Princes' islands in the sea Qf Marmora, that they may there confer with representa tives of the associated powers with a view to bringing abput an understand ing by which Russia may work out her own purposes In .peaceful ways.- It was stipulated that the Russian factions must first cease all military action, and the invitation made plain that the allied powers had no intention or desire of interfering with the right of the Russians to settle their differ ences in their own way. February 15 was set as the date of tbe opening of tbe conference. This solution of the Russian prob lem was presented to the supreme council by President Wilson and In the main is on the lines of the action pro posed by Premier Lloyd George. 'At first the French, who admittedly are afraid of the spread of bolshevism in their own country, were opposed to treating in any way with the Russian bolshevlsts, but they yielded to the opinion of the majority. It was be lieved that the contending factions would accept the invitation, since their resources are nearly exhausted. The bolshevlkl were severely defeated very recently in northern Russia, and there are numerons and extensive peasant risings against their rule In the terri tory they have controlled. It is understood that the allied com missioners who will meet the Russians will state these four conditions as be ing Indispensable In bringing about an adjustment: First Peace at all points. Second Removal of all economic barriers which restrain the free circu lation or exchange of food and com modities between the factional zones and the outside world. Third General elections on a repre sentative basis. Fourth Some adequate arrange ment for the payment of debts. The plan of the supreme council was very badly received, by the antl bolshevik Russian leaders now in rarls. Their comments were bitter In the extreme and Sergius Sazanoff, rep resentative of the governments of Ekateiinodar and Omsk, declared he would not sit in conference with the traitors who had betrayed his country. let ' Decision was reached by the su preme council last week on another very troublesome matter the Polish question. It was determined to send at once to study this problem a mis sion composed of a military and a civil delegate from the United States, Great Britain, France and Italy. Probably, if the Russian bolshevik! remain recal citrant, the Polish state will be set up as a strong barrier between them and western Europe. Pa The Temps of Paris said last week that the peace congress is likely to create two commissions, one on the league of nations and one on the com pensation Gerranny must pay. It added -that the American delegates also proposed commissions on terri torial questions, on overseas territor ies and on responsibilities. It Is said in Paris that the American delegates are not yet satisfied as to the respon sibility of the former kaiser and his chiefs for the war. In this matter they are likely to find themselves opposed J the British, French and Italians, to say nothing of the Belgians and Serbians, T a ; V., Prince Llchnowsky, whose record en titles him to respectful hearing, urges a peace that will not grind the Ger mans In the dust. But it is only dis gusting to read the plea of Bethmann Ilollweg, who was Imperial chancellor at the outbreak of the war. He begs for' a peace of justice based on Presi dent Wilson's program, and says Jus tice will veil her bead If the victor exploits the distressed conditions of the conquered. This would sound bet ter If it did not come from one who is held largely to blame for the crime of the centuries. Such men as Bethmann Ilollweg and Bernstorff will help their countrymen more by keeping silent - -U- ' Despite many riotous demonstrations by the Spartacans and Independent Socialists, the German elections ;for the constituent assembly were held and resulted In a substantial victory for the Ebert faction. The Majority Socialists elected more representatives than any other group. The former lib erals, now called the German Demo crats, were second, and the Spartafcans and Independents were snowed uader, winning only in Frankfort-on-the-Iain and Brunswick. It was estimated the Jlajority Socialists would hold 6,"iper cent of the-McwttH U m,iiuwMMJlll lily Is to meet tin' 'February 6 inU ei mar, capital of, the grand diumy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, in deference to the demand of the smith 'German slates," which wished to have the con vention as far as' possible removed from the Influence of Prussia. ; Kurt Eisner, the Bavarian premier, failed of election to the convention. The most radical elements In Ger many are making capital out of the brutal murder of Liebknecbt and Rosa Luxemburg, the Spartacnn leaders, and In many places general strikes were started in protest. Bremen was re ported to be in the hands of The work lngmen, who had seized the barracks, the banks and public buildings and dis armed the garrison. At Uems iieid t all work was stopped. There were I serious riots in Leipslc and other cities, but In Berlin the disturbers were scat tered by the firm measures adopted by Gustav Noske, head of the government police. pes . One of the worst beatings the bol shevikl of Russia have received was after the capture of Narva by ''the Esthonians,' and the victors declare It amounted to a complete rout. The Esthonlan arniy at once moved "on Petrograd, taking many prisoners and guns. London heard that Trotzky or dered the governor of Petrograd to surrender the city without a struggle, In the Archangel region the bolshevlkl kept up a vigorous attack on the ad vanced positions of the Americans and loyal Russians and were boasting that In the Kadish vicinity they would drive the allies Into the White sea In March. They seem to be well supplied with artillery and shells, but are gaining no material advantages. ' Pa in addition to settling the dispute between the Italians and the Jugo slavs concerning Dalmatia and Flume the peace congress has another con flict pf claims to adjudicate. The secret treaty between the entente al lies gave to France the control of Syria and Armenia and now comes the king of the Hedjas, represented at Paris by his son, Prince Feisal, asking com plete Independence and autonomy for the Arabian state of the Hedjas to consist of Syria, upper and lower Mesopotanda, Yemen and Nejd. The conference is asked to send a commis sion to learn the desires of the peoples Involved. The king of the Hedjas and his troops gave the British very con siderable aid In the conquest of Pales tine. The British draft of a league of na tions was submitted to the peace dele gates last week by Lord Robert Cecil, who said it was his opinion that an in ternatlonal tribunal with absolutely binding powers is not practical at the present time. The British plan follows the Ideas of General Smuts, the South African leader, and contemplates a league relying largely on public opin ion and having the power to impose delay on disputants before resort to arms. Tbe French plan for a league tion. It was said President v nson would not submit his scheme until all others had been heard, not only out of deference to the European nations but in the belief that when the others have been discussed, his plan may serve to reconcile the differences that will have developed. That these differences will not be great is the belief of Lord Cecil, who says he found in conversations with the delegates that there was in very large measure airagreement on the principles he outlined'.' m The opening of the Sinn Fein par liament in Dublin, with its format proc lamation of the independence of Ire land, was perilously near to being a comedy, but may well develop into tragedy inter. Only 25 members were present, the others being In Jail. They elected Charles Burgess speaker and appointed Count Iiuukett, Arthur Grif tilhs and Prof. Edward De Valera a committee to present to the pence con ference at Paris the claims of Ireland to self-determination. The last two named are in English prisons. The proceedings of the "parliament" were conducted so far as possible in (he Irish Celtic language, with lapses into English when the former fui led. The government took absolutely no notice of the meeting of the "Dnil Eireawi," as the Ir; h call their as sembly, although it was in the Msn- siVm house. uiuIeT the' very shadow of Dublin castle. Loyal citizens hung out an unusual number .of union jacks and some returned soldiers growled a bit, but there was no disorder. The Brit ish government apparently Intends to ignore the Sinn Fein republic until it undertakes to enforce laws that are in conflict with those estblished by the British; then the trouble. Is likely to begin. In the opinion of the loyal Irish press, the purpose of the "par liament" Is to attract the attention of the world, especially the peace confer ence, to the case of the Sinn Feiners, and the latter expected and hoped the assembly would. bt- suppressed by the niiiice. In this the British fooled then!, not desiring to create any more Irish martyrs than necessity compels. If Count Plunkett takes Ihe Sinn Fein declaration to the peace conference It is likely to be quietly pigeon-holed. K- One result of the Irish matter was the killing of -tw policemen who were guarding a quantity of explosives in Tipperary and the theft of the explos ives. Tipperary was at once placed under the crimes act, which means Its Inhabitants nre under much the same restraint as the people in the occupied parts of Germany. The murder may be the beginning of a new period of terrorism and assassinations. t- Whlle new republics are -springing up overnight In Europe, tbe reaction aries of Portugal have broken out and proclaimed the restoration of the mon archy. The movement Is especially strong in the northern part of the country. The revolutionists have of fered the throne to the former king, Manuel, and though he is absolved of ficially of any connection with the up rising, it is reported he is on a vessel off Oporto awaiting developments. His lord in waiting at London said Manuel would- return to his country If it wished him to do so. There is a re port that, in case Manuel does not ac cept the invitation of the royalists, they will offer the throne to Dom Mig uel of Braganza, who married Anita Stewart of New Jersey. ta It may be the "Yellow Peril" alarm ists in America will be somewhat si lenced by the statement of Viscaunt Uchida, minister for foreign affairs, at the opening of the Japanese parlia ment. He declared tha.t Japan had "no aspiration but to seek the consum mation of a free and unfettered devel opment of her national life along the highway of justice and peace," and that she was "determined to pursue a fair and dean policy in all Internation al relations." He especially, emphasized his country's friendship for China and Russia and denied that It would be Japan's policy to take advantage 'of the domestic troubles of Russia to pro mote selfish aims of territorial or eco nomic aggression. The Japanese for eign oflice also issued denials of "mis chievous reports'' of Japanese activi ties in China, particularly In regard to the granting of loans. THE HOLSTON NATIONAL BANK GAY STREET AND CLINCH AVE. MEMBER FEDERAL RESERVE SfSTFM U. 8. GOVERNMENT PROTECTION bu Wilbur n Nesblt sfutAor of Tour Flag and My Hag" The banner breaks in glory on the breeze, The trumpets sing from all their brazen throats A chorused chant of thrilling harmonies, The drumbeats throb amid the ringing notes An echo, but a growing echo; yes, An echo that is flung from hill to plain, An echo that shall never grow the less, Born from the chord that was not struck in vain. The diapason of the booming guns Blends with the shriller sounding of the cheers Ah, this had been foreheard by those great ones Who planned the structure in the former years, Who dreamed and dared, and gave of wealth and life That this great nation-song should never cease, Who blent the surging song of somber strife " With all the after croons of honored peace I ' "-.-'' . '! '. '',, ''..'' - And so today the southland and the north ' , Clasp hands with their blood-brothered east and west And in the mighty song their lips send forth The fullness of our faith is all expressed. . And deeper than the very deepest chord Are the foundations laid in days agone When men for hearth and home and manhood warred- The truths our nation has been builded on. And higher than the farthest reach of song That quivers in the bosom of the sky There flames the flag of faith above the throng The flag whose plan and purpose cannot die. The flag of promise floats from sea to sea, The bugles' shout in answer to the drum And send a sense of strength to you and me From days that were, and are, and are. to come! (Copyright, 1817, by W. D. Neablti "MADE IJV AMERICA." "Made In Europe" Merchants and consumers the country over are quickly picking up the slogan "Made In America." They see in it more money for America, and that means for themselves. Friends, learn not only to do without costly imported goods, but to demand home made goods entirely. It'll pay you. Join the move ment now!