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I EQUAL RlofirTS TO ALL, SPECIAL, PRIVILEGES TO'NOMB. C? TE C0MSOS PEOPLE. BITQTK9 TO TEE INTERESTS VOL. XXV. No. 39 KNOX VOXI, TEN n ko&el SATURDAY. JULY 2 i 1919. WHOLE NUMBER 1237 FRANK LYON POLK "H GERMANS RATIFY TREATY IH FULL PRESIilEIT READY FOR IHQUlSITlOr MRS. TRUMAN H. NEWBERRY '3k, 'w' jh 1 Frank Lyon Polk, counsellor of the stnte department and acting secretary of state, has been nominated by Pres ident Wilson as under secretary Of state, a new office created under . the 1019 legislative and judicial appropri ation bill. The salary of the new un tier secretary Is $7,500. The office cre ted Is expected to simplify the trans action of business with Great Britain and France, where cabinet officers are assisted by under secretaries rather-than by counsellors. 17 PROFITEERS JAILED Chiefs of Fish Industry Sen tenced for Boosting Prices. F. Monroe ' Dyer of New York and Others Must Serve Year and ' 1 Pay Fine of $1,000 Each. house of collection and fines were Im posed today' upqn 17 men connected with the financing and management of the fish Industry of New England. They had been found guilty of con spiring to raise the price of fish In war times, and . of creating a monopoly. F. Monroe Dyer of New York, president; Ernest A. James, treasurer; John Burns, Jr.; manager, and Joshua Paine and Joseph A. Rich, directors of the Bay State Fishng com pany of Maine, were sentenced to' serve one year each and to pay fines of $1,000. ; Twelve other men connect ed with subsidiary or associated firms of six months each, with $500 fines. Sentence was stayed in each In stance, pending a ruling by the Su preme court on exceptions taken dur ing the trial. " NOTED ENGLISH BEAUTY SHOT Mrs. Eliot, Once Atherton, Figured in Divorce and Several Other Suits. London, July 10. Mrs. Arthur Eliot, better known as Mrs. Mabel Louise Atherton, divorced wife of Col. Thomas Atherton, was found shot In her home In London, according to the Evening Standard. Mrs. Eliot, who is a sis ter of Sir Aubrey Dean-Paul, sued Baron Churston, then John Reginald Yarde-Buller, some years ago, for breach of promise. Last April she was married ta Capt. Arthur-Eliot, a dramatist, grandson of the late earl of St. Germans. In 1909 Mrs. Ather ton, who was a noted benutyn Eng lish society, was one of the four prin cipals In the sensational Sterling di vorce case in Edinburgh. Mrs. Stir ling filed a cross-suit naming Mrs. Ath erton. - Mrs. Atherton In 1911 brought suit for slander against her sister-in-law, Lady Dean Paul, and was grant ed damages In the sum of 1 farthing (half a cent). ' . U. S. Gives Quake Victims $10,000. - Florence, Italy, July 10. Col. Ed ward Bartlett, )iead of -the American ; Red Cross mission In Italy, has con- tributed -50,000 lire ($10,000) to the re- Uef of the vlctlres of the earthquake. SAYS THAW VISITS CABARETS Charge Made at Hearing on New York Prosecutor's Request for Million aire's Extradition. NtW York, July lO.-fAJlegations that Harry K. Thaw, while supposedly Incarcerated in nn asylum, was mak ing the rounds of Philadelphia cabba rets was made at Harrisburg, Pa., at the public hearing on District Attorney Swa mi's request for Thaw's extradi tion to this state, It was learned here. Thaw Is 'wanted here on the complaint of Frederick. Gump, a Kansas City boy, whom he Is accused of mistreat ing. ., National Assembly at Weimar Adopts Resolution Which ';'.. Approves Pact. REPORT RECEIVED IN PAR'S Finance Minister Declares Repubiio Will Raise Six Billion Taxes a . Year to Pay Off Debt Econ omy Must Be Practiced. , . Paris, July 10. The German nation al assembly in Weimar lias adopted the resolution ratifying the pence treaty, according to advices received here. 1 he resolution reads: "The peace treaty signed on June "8, 1919, as well as the protocol annexed and special agreements on---mllilary oc cupation of the Rhiuelaud, are hereby ratified.. This law becomes effective from the date of its promulgation." Must Raise Six Billions a Year.- Berlin, Germany, July 10. Address ing the, German national assembly at We'lmar, Mathias Erzberger, vice chancellor and minister of finance, said : "One of the first requirements rel ative to the restoration of the life of labor is the establishment of orderly finances. I will have nothing to do with suggestions -for the annulment of war loans or a declaration of gen eral bankruptcy. My highest aim is to establish justice In the entire tax ation system. , ' "The Income from capital must be taxed much more heavily than the income from work. An Inheritance tax and a heavy tax levy on property will be the initial steps that ' will be taken. The empire's Income must be increased 900 per cent and that of .in dividual states and communes', per haps 100 per cent. Such enormous chances, reoulre fresh measures."; ' . Germany is quickly to retujm to a peace-time financial system, Heir Erz berger declared. Among other tilings the paymenjt of grants to men who are unemployed would be reduced, it was Indicated during his address. "The empire's needs must be divided henceforth between home needs and indemnities," he said. "The year's expenditures confronting us ' will amount to about 17,500,000,000 marks ($4,105,000,000). I am firmly, resolved to tread the hard path of economy and therefore have given out the watch word that from October 1, 1919, .Hi are shall be no--more Items not detailed and there shall be no more war funds. The war, finance system shall cease and a regular budget system must be re-established. , A "The first guiding principle is tliat I here -must be no more unproductive expenditures. Therefore, a gradual abo lition of nonemployment grants must be faced. How are the full requ're ments for the empire, new states mid communes, which may be est'oi't'od at some 25,000,000,000 marks (!?5.C"i0. 000,000) to be covered?" After citing the returns to the em pire from taxation measures prior 'to and during the war and estimating the revenue to be derived from new tax bills, Herr Erzberger said : "There still remains a sum if ever 10,000,000.000 marks ($2,SSO,000.000) to be covered." ' ' Two Tax Bills Ready. "The ministry of finance lias almost completed the drafting of two Impor tant bills levying new taxes vhio!i I Intend to submit to the house before the parliamentary recess," Herr llrz berger stated. "These call for a large single levy on property and a large tax on lousiness turnover, but, even If these bills are passed, the money for the payment of Indemnities must be obtained In some other way. In the autumn new bills will be Introduced In the national assembly with the final object of covering this deficit. "The burdens of taxation will reach an absolutely terrible height. A float ing debt of 72,000,000,000' marks (?17. 130,000,000) is a constant danger, and the removal of this debt is one of our most urgent tasks. There are two ways in which to do it either its con version into a funded loan or Its ex tinction by big levies . and a heavy property tax. 1 "I do not Indulge the hope that these' two ways will immVdiately yield the entire liquid amount of 72,000,000.000 marks. It is a duty1 not only, to bow to a state of compulsion, but to achieve an Inward conviction as to the necessity of giving up all richss and all that Is superfluous. V'; "Changes In the system of taxation will be speedily submitted to the na tional assembly and this reform will represent the completion of the whole work." , ; '.'" : "' '; Herr Erzberger concluded by asl.lng that taxation bills be disposed of be f P!--4L rcoss is., tnken. nd'b'"" : Like Flies Around a Sugar Barrel J iFooTwticH 1 1 Mi f.uhi i fty fkMmmmmMmif ALIEN ENEMIES ' TOBEiLEASE V. DEBS DENIED , CLEMENCY BY ATT O It K E Y -G EN E R A L' 3 - . ORDER. . Signing the Peace Treaty With Gri--roany Has Resulted in a Deci'-ao-i . By the Department of Justice to Ro-: lease Alien Enemies. , 1 Western Newspaper Union News n f ' Washington, Signing (be treaty with Germany has resulted; If) ;i decision by the Department ot Ju,--r ' tlmt the great majority of Uenimii ri -i Austrian enemy aliens now at lar.ue m, parole may lie released from ail pnev'r obligations safely. Attoi mj ( ' i Palmer, however, has not than ii ' policy, announced at the- time t hi- conviction of Eugene V. IMi, sTiect' fo xitizeifs convTcteTniiiider "Si "t espionage" law and dangerous alu-irs ijjill in confinement. Mr. Palmer said the department was continuing to re view cases of persons convicted under the espionage act and that recommen dations for clemency in a number; ot them sooit would lie presented to Pres ident Wilson. These do not include the cases of Debs or others of "similar iniportnr.ee," however. Mr. Palmer, is sued these Instructions to District At torneys : ;" "You hereby are instructed to take the necessary steps to cancel, effective July 20, all parole restrictions govern ing persons in your district with the following exceptions: , "1. The paroles of all persons re leased on parole subsequent to July to are not to be canceled, but are to- continue-in full force and effect until fur ther notice. . , i ; , "2. Paroles of ail alien enemies, If iiny In your district whom' you believe can not be. released from parole with out detriment to the public safety. "3. Paroles of alien enemies. tempor arily paroled from internment camps on account of sickness, for the pur pose of repatriation or for any other special reason, Irrespective of the date of release.. ' "After July 15 the department's rep resentatives at the Internment camps will be Instructed to release uncondi tionally alien enemies who do not re ijiiire special surveillance. , "All alien enemies, including those now to be released from pn'ole, wili continue subject to Internment un'der Subdivision 12 of the proclamation t April (5 and those provisions of the succeeding proclamations providing' in ternment (if dangerous alien enemies." It was said the parole Instructions would, afreet most of -the aliens in terned . during the war, but no esti mate of the number to be released was available. - , Ship Sinks After Explosion at Sea. Havana. The American motor steamer Santa Orlstina was sunk after an explosion of oil In theeng!ne.: The 20 members of the crew and live pas sengers were picked up by the Cuban schooner Teneriffe ami' brought to this port, 'The passengers were two wom en and three children, including Mrs. Claude E. Guyant, wife of the Ameri can Consul at P.aranqullla, Columbia. The explosiou occurred when the San la Cristlna was 50 miles from Havana while bound from. Baranquilla for New Orleans. Wlie crew and passen gers took to small boats, and later were picked up by the Cuban schoon er. The Santa Cristlna, which was carrying 2,000 tons of lumber and leather, sank Immediately after the ex- The war takes our riches. ,The world has denied as International Jus tice. All the more passionately and energetically, however, will we work for the homeland again and, flourish ing In justice, concentrate our care and endeavor upon the poor but Just German." , ', we Killed ii L1G STRIKE RIOT .: ' - ' ! I Seci es Wounded During Fight Be- tween U .ards and Workers, at Argo, III.' 'MA-sr' 01 JIOUBLE iiLKivClEO i f Trouble Started When Officer Attempt ; cd to Rcsoye Nuroe Who Was on --. Way to Corn Products Factory, Qcijyalties Among Strikers. h Chicago, Julv 10. Armed guards are yiatrolling ilie plant of the Corn Prod ucts Uefinmg company at Argo today, v, here a strike of more than 2,00(1 eui- i;d into a 'riot in which two ) 1 -) ir t re kirted" and TiibreTiifffrr seme were injured. Fighting has ceas ed alter a buttle. In 'which more than , a.jw pih;l wysLU u,;vi, uiii iiivj .-uluui.-m today Is considered extremely grave. ' $lay Call Out Troops. ..special deputies have been sworn In to reinforce the police and volunteer guard at the" plant, and 100 guards are on dutv. Plans have been made to. rush additional guards to the plant should there be a further outbreak. The possibility of calling out -state troops also has been considered in the event of additional trouble. Casualties Among Strikers. John YVutark and Mike Marcinik, strikers, are the two who were killed. Six persons are known to be severely wounded and some of them may die. More than a dozen received injuries which necessitated medical attention. The strikers suffered all the casualties, none of the guards or officers being injured. " ; How Riot Started. ., The rioting started, aecu-olm,tjyJ most authentic reports,' when h'Tir.m of strikers menaced nn enclosed automo bile In which Miss Elizabeth Morgan, a special nurse at the plant, was rid ing,, Charles Johannes, chief of the guards at the factory, came to her as sistance and was felled With a brick. Other guards rushed to aid him and a shot was fired. Guards Open Fire. The mob -immediately rushed the guards using stones and sticks - a weapons, and the guards opened fire with their rifles. When the fire be came too hot the strikers retreated, leaving the victims In the street. The dead and wounded were removed and cared for by the Argo police and citi zens. , ' The strike which led to the riot is declared to have arisen over refusal of the officials of the company to grant the demands of the men for n closed shop. No question of wages or Im proved working conditions, it Is said, is involved. Officials of the company Charge that bolshevisf agitators are re-, sponsible for unrest among the plant's employees. Four Companies of Militia Roady. Chlengo, July 10. Four companies of the Second regiment Illinois re serve militin, were ordered into uni form and told to hold tie mselves in readiness for n call to Argo. FOURTH DIVISION TO BREST Part of. Army of Occupation Is, Now En Route to French Port Second to Sail Soon. Washington, Julv 10. The Fourth division of the array of occupation Is now en route 1" n- ,? ' and the1 Sec ond will sail before the first Jf next month, Record !i;.; to tuvilicinl udvleeu to the war (1 p:'fir,itnt. . The First and Third div's!o.i li;V" h oi released for return, anif the... F"''!'i .wiis repi.rted to bo embarki!:;: a:; P.V';a!. thus winding up the unnyor (WiipaiM-n. Willing to Appear Before Any Committee of Congress 2nd , Explain Treaty. SAYS PEACE PACT IS JUST Wilson in Address at New York Declares That if Treaty Is Pre served Much Bloodshed Will Be Prevented. Washington, July 10. President Wilson was represented as being ready toplace himself at the disposal of the senate foreign relations committee or other committees of congress to an swer any questions concerning 'the peace treaty and the league of na tions, which he will present to tne sen ate in person. Wilson Calls Treaty Just. New York, July 10. President Wilson In his first speech delivered on Ameri can soil since the peace treaty was signed, declared that the peace con cluded at Paris was "a just peace which, If It can be preserved, will safe guard the world from unnecessary bloodshed." The only reference the president made to his political opponents was when, in referring to the negotiations at Paris, he said : "I am afraid some people, some per sons, do not understand that vision. They, do not see it. They have looked too much upon the ground. They have thought too much of (lie interests tlmt were near them, and they have not listened to the voices of their neigh bors. I have never had a moment's doubt as to where the heart and pur pose of this people lay." The president finished his speech shortly after six o'clock and Immedi ately departed for Washington. A train had been held in waiting for him at the Pennsylvania station.. '-"The" pfesTdeh'f ";: was; enuslasticalljj greeted at the hall and his speech was continuously interrupted with ap plause. Pandemonium reigned lor ten minutes upon his entrance Into the building, the huge audience waving everything at hand in the air. Many small American flags were noticeable. Wilson's Speech. The text of President Wilson's speech at Carnegie hall In part, fol lows : . "Fellow countrymen: I am not go ing' to try tills afternoon to make you aUl-eal speech. I am a bit alarmed to find how many speeches I have in my system undelivered, but they are all speeches that coine from the mind and I want to say to you this afternoon only a few words from the heart. "You have made me deeply happy by the generous welcome you have ex tended to me, but I do not believe that the welcome you extended to me is half as great as that which I extend to you. Why, Jerseyinan though I am, ti,)s ls tue first time I ever thought that lloboken ,was beautiful. "I have really, though I have tried on the other side of the water to con ceal it, been the most homesick man in the American expeditionary force, and It is with feelings that it would be vai:i for me to try to express that 1 tind myself In this beloved country again. I do not say that because T lack admiration of other countries. "There have been many things that softened my homesickness. One of the chief things iat softened It was the very generous welcome that they ex tended to me as your representative on the other side of the water. r "And It was still more softened by the pride that I had in discovering that America had at last convinced the world of her true character. Found U. S. Unselfish.. "I was welcome because they had seen with their own eyes what Amer ica 'had done for the world. They had deemde her selfish. They had deemed her devoted to material Interests. And they had seen her boys come across the water with a vision even more beautiful than which they conceived when they had entertained dreams of liberty and peace. "And then I had the added pride of finding out by personal observation the kind of men we had sent over. I had crossed the seas with the kind of men who had taken them over, without whom they could not have gone to Eu rope, and then when I got there I saw that army of men, that army of clean men, that army of men devoted to the high Interests of humanity, that army that one was glad to poltn out and say : 'These are my fellow country men.' "It softens the homesickness a good deal to have so much of honrt along with you, ; and these boys W con stantly reminding me of home. They did not walk the streets like anybody else. I do not mean that they walked the streets self -assertively. They did 1 f i v j P " , Vv'- - i J; ' ? t Va4 & -' y ' Mrs. - Truman it. .Newberry, wife of the newly elected senator from Michigan. As Mr. Newberry was sec retary of She navy under President ltoosevelt, she has many old friends in Washington. "They walked the streets as if they knew that they belonged wherever free men lived, that they were wrlcoiue ir. the great republic of France and were comrades with the other armies that had helped win the great battle and to show the great sacrifice. Because it is n wonderful thing for this nation, , bitlieito isolated from the large affairs '1 of the world, to win not only the uni-jj versa confidence of the people of the-j world but their universal affections. I Asked for U. S. Soldiers. j "And that, and nothing less than that, Is what has happened. Wher ever it was suggested that iroops should be sent and it was desired that troops of occupation should excite no prejudice, no uneasiness on the part, of those to whom they were sent, liiel men wlio represented the other . na-l American soldiers. , , "They not only implied, but te.ey said that the presence of American soldiers would be known not to men anything except friendly protection and assistance. Do you wonder that It made our h-nrls. swell with pride to realize these things.? "P.ut while these things in some de gree softened my homesickness, they made me all the more eager to get home, where the rest of the folks live; to get home where the great dynamo of national energy was situated, to get home where the great purposes of na tional action were formed and to lie allowed to take part in the counsels and in the actions which were formed, and to be taken by tins great Nation which from first fo last has followed the vision of the men who set it up and created it "We have had our eyes very close upon our task at times, but whenever Ae lifted them we were accustomed to lift JJiein to a distant horizon. We were aware that the peoples of the earth had turned their faces towaeil us as those who were friends of freedom and of rlidit, and whenever we thought of national policy and of its relation upon the affairs of the world we knew we were under bonds to do the large thing and the right thing. "It is a privilege, therefore, beyond all computation for a man, whether in a great capacity or a small, to take part in the counsels and In the resolu tions of a people like this. I am afraid some people, some persons, do not un derstand that vision. They do not see it. They have looked too much upon the ground. They have thought too much of their neighbors. I have never had a moment's doubt as to where the heart and purpose of this people lay." I. W. W. Action Begun. liisliee, Ariz. Sixty-four men, many of them prominent locally and over the stale, wen; named as defendants I in complaints tiled charging kidnaping and assault in connection with the de portation of more than 1,100 alleged members of the I. W. W. and their sympathizers, July 12, 1017.. The com plaints were fileu' before Judge Yv. U-f Jacks, of Douglas, who came here tor f that purpose. Several hundred more complaints will .be filed in the next few days, said Assistant County .Attor-1 uey Roark. . ; ' j Pittsburg Brewers Arrested. '", Pittsburg. The government's drive against the sale of beer containing 2 per cent alcohol was launched here when United States Attorney R. U Crawford filed a suit against tfae'Fitts-,. burg Brewing Company,' one- of thej city's largest brewers, in the United States District Court, charging viola tion of the war-time prohibition law. Eleven officials of the company were named. United, States Judge W. II. S. Thompson, on pleas of the. federal at torney, Issued a writ upon the com pany to appear in court.