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Watch On The
POTOMAC by Robi. G. Splvack the small world of LYNDON JOHNSON — A man’s public and private postures are not always the same. In his pub lic utterances Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon Johnson exudes sweet reasonableness, concilia tion and humility. At home the “LBJ” brand is imposed on every member of his family. They are: Lyndon Baines Johnson (hus band and father), Lady Bird Johnson (mother and wife), Lucy Baines Johnson (daughter, age 11); Lynda Bird Johnson (daugh ter. age 14) and Little Beagle Johnsor\ (dog). Certainly a parent has the richt to inflict his initials on any member of his family, and they have the right to protest. But what recourse has the puppy? ★ ★ ★ CONFLICT OF INTEREST? — Sen. Thomas J. Dodd, the newly elected Democrat from Connecti cut, disclosed the other day that he was attorney for the Guata malan government, after that eountry (witn u.t5. aicu got ria oi its leftist administration. Back in June, 1956 Dodd was sponsor of an amendment to the Mutual Security Act to increase Guatemal’s portion of foreign aid from $10,000,000 to $15,000,000. That was while he was a con gressman. Under the contract he held with the Guatemalans, Dodd was to be paid $100,000 for a two year period and the money was to be payable in advance. Dodd signed the contract with the Guatemalans four months af ter his term as a Connecticut con gressman ended. He terminated his new agreement on Nov. 5, 1958 — the day after his election to the Senate. Giving up the contract means that Dodd will lose $41,666 still due him. ★ ★ ★ THE MYSTIFYING BE HAVIOR OF GOV. ALMOND — The spectacle of a tortured man in public office is never pretty to behold. When a man of inde cision becomes Governor of a great state, with a long tradition that goes back to the American Revolution and beyond, as is now the case with Virginia, the sight is sometimes absolutely shatter ing. J. Lindsay Alnlond was At torney General of Virginia before he became Governor. Compared to some of the men who occupi ed the Executive Chambers at Richmond. Almond was com paratively independent of the Byrd machine. He was not an outspoken independent, but he did occasionally dissociate him self from some of the excesses of that benighted organization. Eleven days before the Vir ginia Supreme Court of Appeals — a conservative judicial body if there ever was one — joined the U.S. Supreme Court in strik ing down the Old Dominion’s “massive resistance” laws, the Governor met with CBS Corres pondent Ed Murrow. ★ ★ ★ In an interview recorded on that occasion, Almond readily conceded that if the state court knocked out the “massive resis tance” legislation certain schools in the state would be permitted some degree of integration. As Almond put it there would prob ably be integration in the case of Negro students “wfrose rights had already been adjudicated.” Yet 24 hours after the state court joined tke federal Court Al mond went on a statewide net work and made an inflamnatory speech that might have seemed appropriate at a Ku Klux Klan rally. In part this is what he said: “To those of faint heart; to whose purpose and design is to blend and amalgamate the white and Negro race and destroy the integrity of both races; to those who disclaim that they are inte grationists but are working day and night to intergrate our schools; to those who don’t care what happens to the children of Virginia ... to those who defend or close their eyes to the livid stench of sadism, sex, immorality and juvenile pregnancy infesting the mixed schools of the District of Columbia ... to all of these and their confederates, comardes and allies, let me make it abun dantly clear for the record now and hereafter, as Governor of this state: I will not yield to that which I know to be wrong and will destroy every rational sem blance of public education for thousands of the children of Vir ginia.” ★ ★ ★ After hearing a talk of that kind, can Almond really be sur prised if some dynamite blows up an integrated public school? IS THE SOUTH COMING TO ITS SENSES? — The acceptance [ of the facts of life by Virginia’s Gov. J. Lindsay Almond, that the rights of Negroes must be re spected and that school integra tion is the law of the land, poses some interesting problems in the study of a political personality. Can a Southern politician — rea listic as most politicians are — actually convince his constitu ents that segregation is dead? And can such a politician survive in politics? Almond’s whole approach to this problem has fascinating as-1 pects which, when examined clin- j ically, give a vivid demonstra tion of the political mind at work. This is what happened: Last Fall Almond and the state’s Attorney-General agreed that Sen. Harry F. Byrd’s “mas sive resistance” laws must be tested in the State courts as well as face inevitable challenge by NAACP in the federal courts. Some shrewd observers of Vir ginia politics wrote at the time that Almond was looking for a face-saving way to sound retreat in the fight against school inte gration. They felt he was deter mined not to behave as Arkan sas’ Orval Faubus had. This view was also shared by the ardent segregationist element, who sent the Governor abusive letters with the general theme of “Et tu, Brute.” ★ ★ ★ Almond, of course, promptly denied that putting the question up to the Virginia courts was in any way a prelude to retreat. He (Continued on Page 4) The Petal Papal THE PETAL PAPER: Printed on Thurs day Of each week by THE ADVERTISER PUBLISHING CO., Pascagoula, Miss. Published by East Publications Co., Box 349, Hattiesburg, Miss. Entered as second class matter at tbo Post Office at Petal, Mississippi, under Act of March 8, 1879. RE-ENTERED AT PASCAGOULA, MISB. RETURN FORMS 3579 TO: THE PET AL PAPER, BOX 349, HATTIESBURG, MISS. P. D. East . Editor & Publisher SUBSCRIPTIONS Per Year . $3.00 SOUTHLAND, YouT”Complete Florbt ^ Corsages Cut Flowers Pot Plants Wreaths / Betty and Paul SOUTHLAND 1ST Paul St.4-7541 These Southern Railway P * stayed r THE RAILROAD that “Serves the South’* is more than a mass transportation service vital to the economic development of the young and fast-growing Southland. To the hundreds of communities along its lines, Southern Railway is an important home-town industry, too. Many of the dollars that the railroad receives from its customers in a community-never leave town. They “stay home” to create jobs, to buy goods and services of all kinds— and to help pay local taxes. Of every $100 the Southern received last year in Revenues, $86.05 was paid out for wages, materials and supplies and taxes. $15 million went for state and local taxes alone. A good share of all of our dollars are stay at-home dollars that stimulate local business and contribute to the economic well-being of the territory we serve. Not only is the 8,100-mile Southern System one of the Southland’s largest industries. It is hundreds of local industries as well, that benefit the Southern’s friends and neighbors throughout the South. : -C'.' r . ,r<_ ., ^ . it ^ . ,_ SOUTHERN RAILWAY SYSTEM V* WASHINGTON, D.C, v .• ^ : . . , > •■ • • v . .. . ■ ' ■ - ?