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“ILLEGITIMATE” CHILDREN A year ago, North Carolina leg islators introduced a bill to ster ilize unwed mothers who have had two or more children out of wed lock. But Harry Golden’s biting satire blasted the bill to oblivion. Pointing out that Alexander Ham ilton, Leonardo da Vinci and Nan cy Hanks (Lincoln’s mother) were all “illegitimate,” Golden scored the bill’s authors for trying to out do Pharoah of Egypt and Herod of Judea. After all. he noted, those two only demanded the death of the first born male child. Louisiana apparently had no Harry Golden to keep it from go ing berserk. In addition to 30 new segregationist bills, the legislature adopted a measure barring Fed eral and state aid to dependent children born out of wedlock. To make sure the law would cut deep, it was made retroactive. As a result, over 20,000 Negro children and more than 2,000 white youngsters face starvation. The U.S. Department of Health, Edu cation and Welfare has threatened to withdraw some $22,000,000 in Federal aid to Louisiana’s depend ent children unless this barbarous law is repealed. The state’s Wel fare Commissioner, aghast at the storm of protest over the law, had pledged that 50 per cent of the children will be back on the re lief rolls by Nov. 15; but no men tion was made of what these chil dren are to do until then — or of how the other 50 per cent will live. Has your union joined in the Urban League’s drive to keep these youngsters alive, pending a return to sanity on the part of Louisiana’s lawmakers? Send food and money to OPERATION. FEED THE BABIES, 2108 Jackson Ave nue, New Orleans, Louisiana. BY ANY OTHER NAME When Shakespeare opihed that *‘a rose by any other name would smell as sweet,” he wasn’t think ing of Congressional bills. What would happen, suggests Ed Koter ba in the N.Y. World Telegram and Sun, if Sen. George Aiken (R. Vt.) and Sen. Philip Hart (D. Mich.) co-sponsored legislation on coro nary research? Alas, it might come out the Aiken-Hart Bill. Can’t you just see a civil rights bill introduced by Rep. Noah Mas on (R. 111.) and Rep. Henry Dixon (R. Utah)? How about a bill regulating the nation’s telegraph system? Who could sponsor it but an Oregon Senator named Wayne Morse and an Iowa Congressman named Mer win Coad? And, of course, if the cold war The Petal Pape\ THE PETAL PAPER: Printed on Thursday of every other week by THE SOUTHERN FARMER. INC., Mont gomery, Ala Published by East Publications Co., Box 349, Hattiesburg, Miss. Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Petal, Mississippi, under Act of March II. 1879. RE-ENTERED AT MONTGOMERY ALA. Second class postage paid at Mont gomery, Ala. RETURN FORMS 3579 TO: THE PETAL PAPER, BOX 349, HATTIES BURG. MISS. P. D. East_Editor & PubUshei SUBSCRIPTIONS ** ' Six Months __83 .08 Per Year __... ---85.00 I BLESSED ARE THE DAMNED I (Continued from Page 1) tainly is a most heretical one. But let not the priest worry about my little heresies — however appeal ing my logic, Saint Peter is likely to continue admitting or rejecting people in the same manner as he ever did. If my views be too wrong, think of them as the voice of Satan if you will; I will be doing my share to test men’s faith and try to tempt them from the Path. If I lead men astray, no matter; men’s faith must be shaky indeed if my few words are able to lure them from the True Path; assuming, of course, that I really am Satan’s instrument and the True Path really is true. gets hot, Koterba muses, we could have a bill to draft 15-year-olds into. the Navy, sponsored by Rep. Arthur Younger .R. Cal.) and Rep. John Saylor (R. Pa.) IF THE SHOE FITS . . . Silence is not always golden; sometimes it is just plain yellow. STAMPS A vacationer, reports the Postal Service News, approached the stamp window at the Petersburg, Va. post office and said, “I want a stamp.” “What denomination?” asked the clerk. “Methodist,” responded the pa HAPPY BIRTHDAY A fast-growing family cele brates its 15th anniversary on Oct. 24, United Nations Day. Since 1945, when 51 countries signed the UN charter, the family of nations has almost doubled in size. The UN’s peacemaking efforts have fended off four major wars in the world. Remember the is sues in Indonesia? Greece? Israel? Kashmir? If the names seem re mote and the conflicts hard to re call, thank the UN. Any one of these incidents might have gone down in history as the spark of World War III, had the UN not been on the job. And now the world organization is bending every effort to add the turbulent Congo to its list of former trouble spots. While meeting war crises, the UN also carries out remarkable humanitarian programs—for ref ugees, fo rthe world’s children, for better health, food and living con ditions everywhere. No wonder labor is happy to work with the peoples of the world toward a goal everyone shares — to wipe out poverty, prejudice, ignorance and injustice, the roots of war. On Oct. 24, speak up for the most im portant family on earth, the United Nations. A strong UN means peace and freedom for us. FAME When Nobel Peace Prize winner, Philip Noel-Baker, received a copy of the new Washington Records album, FDR Speaks, he was re minded of the time he asked a young American schoolboy who was the most famous American president. The boy’s answer was prompt— “Franklin Eleanor Roosevelt.” WISH I’D THOUGHT OF IT A couple of my friends were dis cussing their tobacco addiction. Said one: “Smoking is an awful habit, but I can’t break it.” To which Greg Bardacke, director of the American Trade Union Council for Labor Israel, replied: “Well, I can, bui 1 refuse to be a slave to my own will-power.” f Don’t go to the trouble of heap ing priestly scorn upon such as me. I am but a poor seeker after the real truth, searching in my own way, certain I will never find it while alive. We both agree that the Lord is just, so why wear yourself out heaping scorn upon me when I certainly shall be given my just reward or punishment in the end. And if for what I say Saint Peter, fully aware of the | Lord’s wishes, should find that justice requires that he should turn thumbs down, then so be it. (But I am doubtful “For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again,” and I certainly would never mete out hell as a punish- : ment for another, though he be a thousand times more sinful than I) I beg of you clergymen — if the damned be damned, if their fate be the eternal flames at the same time that you are destined to en joy eternal happiness in heaven, then do not be hard on us in this life, do not be so scornful, so con temptious of us poor damned—for this will be the only life we have in which to enjoy ourselves. The bird is on the wing, so leave us in peace. The eternal flames will be punishment enough, it will be punishment too much. If the price of Salvation shall be the rejection of reason in order blindly to pur sue an unproven faith, then there is no need trying to convert me. I demand the right to a mind of my own, to a free will. The President, it must be acknowledged, has not yet sum moned the public in a way that would bring out the best in this country. But that does not ab- 1 solve the rest of us. James Reston once called to ' task those editorialists who | persisted in picturing Dwight 1 D. Eisenhower assomething just one cut above a grinning idiot. Like him or not, fellows, Reston said in effect, he is our President for the next four years. Those remarks by Reston ^ were addressed to the Demo crats. The same comments ( might be addressed to those who 1 now gloat that Kennedy “sure is getting what-for.” The pre- ' sent situation simply illustrates that “Let Jack do it” is hardly an adequate formula for the times. * * * For those who do not like the gamble the President took in visiting Byrd, or sanctioning the attack on Castro, or whatever else he is doing the best advice is: Come up with your own proposals. That’s what Sen. Joe Clark of Pennylvania and Rep. Emanuel Celler of New York are doing on civil rights. Right or wrong in their tac tics, Clark and Celler appar ently are not convinced that all wisdom reposts at 1600 Penn sylvania Avenue. That’s all to the good, when the alternatives are constructive. A BOOK REVIEW (Continued from Page 1) unhampered by unnecessary di rection, we steal from the child ‘the joy of life—the joy of discov ery—the joy of overcoming an ob stacle.” As I was passing up the street recently I stopped to greet a neigh bor who was out in the garden with his son and grandchild. As I reached the wire fence to speak, a little boy, not more than three years of age, suddenly climbed the wire fence as if to greet me, but before he reached the top, his fa ther, a strong six-footer, unceri moniously grabbed him off the fence without so much as “by your leave” or a moments thought as to what he was doing. Of course the child cried at being frustrated. Was the child’s impulse wrong or was it for fear of the child falling? Dould the father always be with him when he wanted to climb? How was the child going to learn? Would he have acted so gruffly with a full-grown boy or girl? Dan we ask for respect for our :hildren when we show them none? What we do for the child or to tielp him in what he wants to do for himself makes him feel “that he is inferior, and must depend on help.” Neill says “The nursery training is like the kennel train ing; the whipped child, like the whinned minnv. erows into an hbedient, inferior adult.” He men tions that as adults want to live an undisturbed life the child must oe fitted into it. “Hence the im portance attached to obedience, manners, to docility.” He says that civilization is sick and unhappy because of the un free family. “Children are dead ened by all the forces of reaction and hate, deadened from their :radle days. They are trained to say nay to life because their young lives are one long nay . . . Don’t question anything — just obey.” But he mentions the fact that to talk of freedom does not imply that people understand what is in volved, and he gives an example >f how it is misunderstood. “Any dea,” he says, “old or new, is iangerous, if not combined with common sense.” Freedom should hot be permitted to lead to license. To Neill the schools evade the aasic issue, for education is not i matter of exams and classes and earning. “All the Greek and math md history in the world will not help to make the home more lov ng, the child more free from in hibitions, the parent free of neu osis.” In one lecture he asked the luestion, “Do you mothers know hat everytime that you spank vour child, you show him that you ire hating your child?” He was nearly mobbed. I would be in clined to say that mothers, as well as fathers, are so jealous of their authority that they forget about the child and are moved by their feelings. When a child does not 5b ey he unconsciously questions the authority of the parent. But Neill is evidently optomis tic for he says, “Some day a new generation will not accept the ob solete religion and myths of to day” . . . “The new religion will refuse the antithesis of body and spirit. It will recognize that the flesh is not sinful. It will know that a Sunday morning spent in swimming is more holy than a Sunday morning spent in singing hymns — as if God needs hymns to keep him contented.” It re in i n d s me of Browning’s Rabbi Ben Ezra:— “Let us not always say ‘Spite of this flesh to-day I strove, made head, gained ground upon the whole!’ - As the bird wings and sings, Let us cry ‘All good things ‘Are ours, nor soul helps flesh more, now, than flesh helps soul!’ ** As Neill says, “A new religion will find God in the meadows and not in the skies. Just imagine all that would be accomplished if only 4am m amaam 4 a/ nil 4V» A Vi/Mirc cnAnf in prayers and church going were devoted to good deeds and acts of charity and helpfulness.” As Zo roaster said thousands of years ago:—“He who sows the ground with care and diligence acquires a greater store of religious merit than he who repeats ten thousand prayers.” The basis of all this talk of free dom is that you cannot rush a child into a condition that he is not ready for, which agrees with the educational philosophy of Friedrich Froebel, the father of the kindergarten. Neill was for many years a teach er and wrote “The Problem Child” and “The Problem Teacher” but later he took up Freud’s psychol ogy and now he seems to feel him self more a psychologist than a teacher, but he remains an educa tor and his study of psychology may have been of .some help. A good teacher or educator should be a psychologist naturally. I am not so sure about the learned ones, the trained psychologists. ,, Neill uses plain words to explain himself and it may be that folks who are finiky about the use of old English or Saxon words may not like his way of explaining things, but anybody with an open mind who wants to learn will find “Summerhill” a very valuable and thought provoking book. ALEXIS C. FERM Come To Cope Cod And Let Us Supply You With Your Needs In * Aluminum Half Screens — Hardware | * Aluminum Combination Doors—Building Materials !" Latex & Oil Based Paints j > * Dependable Service j t Red Chose Lumber, Inc. Rt. 28 EXeter 8-2235 West Deaois, Moss. "THIS MUST BE THE PLACE"