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| LET'S BE HUMAN |
J by HARRY FLEISCHMAN National Labor Service PROVERB OF THE MONTH 4 “Cord cannot expect justice in • a court1 whose judges are chickens.” — African proverb quoted by R a I p h Bu n c h e at United Auto Workers con vention. WHO’S AN EXTREMIST? What would you think if Robert Welch, head of the John Birch So ciety, were to announce gleefully that “right-wing extremism is on the wane in the United States?” . > That you were in Alice’s Wonder land? Don’t faint. He didn’t say it. But Dr. Kenneth D. Wells, presi dent of Freedom’s Foundation of Valley Forge, Pa., did make that statement in Los Angeles recently. And Wells is a peculiar guy to be making such comment. The Foun dation makes awards to deserving “patriotic” groups and individuals. Among the most frequent award winners is one of the most active extreme -right groups in the nation, the National Education Program of Searcy, Ark. NEP’s film, “Communism on the Map,” maintains that communism has already conqured the entire world except for West Germany, For mosa, Switzerland and the United Old Ito. xi CMuaicD Aiwcianoui socialism with communism. ■ Other “patroits” who have re ceived awards from Freedom’s Foundation Include Tom Anderson, Southern leader of the John Birch Society, who calls the National Council of Churches the “National Council of Judases”; Dr. Nicholas Nyaradi, whose lectures are dis tributed by the John Birch Society , and similiar characters. , In November 1958, reports the TEXAS OBSERVER, Foundation president Wells addressed some 300 teachers at Lampasas, Texas. He told them that the Russians “are warming up for the kill, but not until we are softened up by left-wing commentators, left-wing editorial writers, left-wing teachers, and left-wing leaders.'* Added Wells: “I have a daughter 1 In Temple University and she : comes home in tears almost every 1 night from the socialistic things she hears there.” Wells went on < to blame minority racial and reli gious groups for spreading such i “Un-American” doctrines. < It is the same Mr. Wells who is < now telling his listeners: ’’Freedom ; is table talk again for the first ( time” and that “the job before all ] of us is to put our passions aside and calmly re-examine our Amer- i ican heritage.” ! It was La Rochefoucald who j ] < 1 1 1 ■ i ) i 1 c 'i ( i c I t observed that "Hypocrisy is the homage that vice pays to virtue." Amen. SMALL WORLD Ray Nasher of Dallas tells us that his 9-year-old daughter wrote a composition for school entitled, "The Universe and Other Things." SALUDOS AMIGOS For a day, my 13-year-old son Peter was a Mexican School teacher . Well, not really, but that was his role at a Mexican fiesta in Levittown, Long Island. The fete had its inception last summer when Richard Streb, head of social studies at the Jonas E. Salk Junior High School, was vacationing south of the border. He came upon Escondia, an isolated village 150 miles west of Mexico City, where the one-room adobe school had no running water, no electricity and no books. But the 45 improverished Mexican children, 19 of them orphaned, were thristy for knowl edge Back at the well-equipped Salk School, Streb described to his stu dents the plight of the youngsters in Escondida. The 1,300 Salk stu dents launched a one-day fiesta, to bring books, clothing and food to Escondida’s boys and girls. They boned up on exciting and colorful Mexican music and folk dances. Authentic Mexican jewelry, arts and crafts were on sale. The Fonda de la Luna, a Mexican - style restaurant operated by home eco nomics students, served tortillas, chili and tacos, while the Restau rante Norte Americano competed with hot dogs. The Salk students, teachers and parents knew they cannot solve all of Escondida’s problems. Their wonderful fiesta did raise $3,000 for Escondida’s youth—certainly a lively and practical approach to social studies—and to brotherhood across borders. ALONG FREEDOM ROAD ♦New York Painters District Council 9, faced with a growing shortage of apprentices has dis covered the untapped source of manpower available among the city’s minority groups. Working with the Urban League and settle ment houses, the union has re cruited 300 new apprentices, 130 )f them Negro and Puerto Rican youngsters who never had a chance to learn a skilled trade oefore. ♦The New York Typographical Jnion has a five-year apprentice ;hip program. Five out of the 15 graduates this year were Negroes. •After much prodding, a leading Dallas hotel, the Sheraton-Dallas, >pened its doors to an unsegre ;ated two-day meeting of the Jnited Packinghouse Workers Dis rict Five Council. The Manage nent later invited the union to nake a return visit. INTERNATIONAL LAW When we look at the Communist ecord of broken treaties and im >erialist aggression, we tend to be ome complacent about our own 'irtues. I received a useful jolt re ently when I read of the follow ing incident in FELIX FRANK "URTER REMINISCES (Reynal & ’o.). Before World Wa r I, reports frankfurter, his office adjoined hat of the Army’s Judge Ad •wocate General, Enoch H. Crowder. Just after the U.S. armed forces seized the customs house at Vera Cruz in Mexico, Gen. Crowder said to Frankfurter: “I’ve just been over to the White House and I’m asked to write a memorandum whether that seizure should be treated as an act of war and what its status is in international law. Will you work with me on that?” Frankfurter, later to become a U.S. Supreme Court Judge, shocked Crowder with this re ply: “General, I’m going to asked to be excused. I don’t have to work on that. I know the answer to that.” “You do?” “Yes, I do.” “What is the answer?” “It would be an act of war against a great nation; it isn’t against a small nation.” “I can’t give him that.” “I know you can’t, but that’s the answer.” In the Bible it is written: “Why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye but considere«t not the beam that is in thine own eye .” EQUALITY This year, Easter and Pass over coincided. On Good Friday, Washington’s National Press Club had available on every table not XlUl UUJ)J» 141 J«jj UUl 1V1&IZ.UI1 as well. But they still don’t admit women to membership! DID YOU KNOW? The world’s oldest peace treaty, a chunk of baked clay shaped like a soccer ball and covered with tiny cuneiform signs, was recently on display at an exhibition of Yale University’s Babylonian Collection. The treaty ended 500 years of border warfare between the Su merian states of L a g a s h and Umma. Maybe there’s hope about the cold war yet! MAN VS. MACHINE Ever since the Luddites in Britain a hundred and fifty years ago wrecked machines and burned factories, man has been trying un successfully to fight against labor saving machinery. We can’t lick automation but it is nice to know that some men are ingenious enough to cope with some of its harassment. The SATURDAY REVIEW tells of a “professor who tried desper ately to resign from a book club only to be hounded by new books and perforated billing cards every month, in spite of his frenzied pleas. His ultimate solution was to punch several new holes in a card, returning it to the book club with out comment. He’s been liberated ever since.’’ If you can’t lick 'em, join ‘em, I always say. The Petal Papei THE PETAL PAPER: Printed on Thursday of every other week by THE SOUTHERN FARMER, INC., Mont gomery, Ala. Published by East Publications Co., Box 1486. Hattiesburg, Miss. Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Petal. Mississippi, under Act of March ‘8,* 1879. RE-ENTERED AT MONTGOMERY, ALA. Second class postage paid at Mont gomery. Ala. RETURN FORMS 3579 TO: THE PETAL PAPER, BOX 1486, HATTIES BURG. MISS. P. D. East_Editor & Publisher SUBSCRIPTIONS Six Months -$3.00 Per Year_$5.00 An Illness At Appomattox (Continued From Page 2) " ties as a reporter of significant statue. Muse has a sense of history, and the story is cast against the back drop of the Southern Region in transition. He identifies trends and forces in operation, he cites actual statements, ho takes us behind the scenes in Virginia’s legislature, he illustrates his points with anec dotes. One emerges from reading his account with a new under standing of what really happened, with a sense of having been through the ordeal. It should be noted that Ben. Muse, native Vir ginian, and one-time candidate for Governor of the Old Dominion, believes that the Court was right in its decision, that acceptance of that decision was mandatory on the part of all who recognize the Twentieth Century. Thus, he is a credit to, and a symbol of the best that Virginia has produced. That is quite an accolade consid ering Virginia’s other famous sons who have contributed so much to our democratic philosophy, but it is one that is given deliberately for it has been earned. Quite another sort of book is Howard Carwile’s Speaking From Byrdland. This is a collection of radio broadcasts, short editorial comments, made during Virginia’^ years of crisis. Mr. Carwile is angry. He is angry with Mr. Byrd and all southern politicians, he is angry with southern moderates, he is angry with Negro conservatives and moderates, he is angry with the inactivity of the national ad ►■ministration. Anger pours forth in most every article in his book. Those who are already angry, this book will make more angry; those who are not angry, it will stir to VIRGINIA’S MASSIVE RESIST ANCE by Benjamin Muse. (In diana University Press, Blooming ton, Indiana. $3.95.) SPEAKING FROM BYRDLAND by Howard H. Carwile. (Lyle Stuart, New York City 12, $3.00.) anger. But in neither case will it focus their anger and convert it to well thought out action. In many ways, the book reveals more about the author than the subject on which he writes. Yet, it is a book worth reading for it demonstrates what frustration can develop when local politicans stand trying to hold back the inevitable, pre tending that Appomatox never happened or that the Twentieth^ Century is not yet here. Both books should serve as a warning to those who profess a belief in “states’ rights,” for it is obvious that those who prostitute the doctrine by identifying it with unworthy cause® and illegal issues do it great harm. A proper respect for state’s rights carries with it a strong commitment to states’ re sponsibilities. Among the prime responsibilities of the states is the protection of the constitutional rights of all citizens, respect for the law of the land, maintenance of law and order, regard for the due process of law, and unswerv ing loyality to justice and free dom for even the weakest of her citizens. I BOOKPLATES .free catalog | ^ showing scores of beautiful bookplates. Ideal for § \ gifts or for your own use. Address: ANTIOCH $ BOOKPLATE CO., Yellow Springs 6, Ohio | ". . . visiting the sins of the fathers on the children, and on the children's children . . •" Did you know that— Geneticists estimate that tests of H-bombs already completed may ultimately mean 13,000 more deformed babies born? And that each new test adds unknown numbers to that tragic total? The Council of Atomic Scientists in Great Britain has warned that as many as 50,000 people may get cancer as a result of tests already performed? 9,235 scientists from many countries, including 36 Nobel Prize winners, have called ending of nuclear tests “imperative”! uipiomai ueorge j*. ivennan wmes— “I have expressly refrained from speaking, in connection with these other matters, of that aspect of the atomic problem that now worries many of my countrymen most of all: namely, the damage that may be done to our human environment and to- the genetic make-up of human beings by the mere testing of these fearful weapons, not to mention their actual use in war... “Surely it is better that many of us should die somewhat before our time, than that we should live at the cost of prejudicing the conditions of life for our children. So long therefore, as the scientists disagree about the effects of all this testing, it is our duty to be guided by our obligation to other generations—not just our own” —George F. Kennan, BBC December 1, 1957. Write the President today to stop the testing of nuclear weap ons. And to find your comrades in the struggle against war and for peace, write - - - The Fellowship Of Reconciliation Box 271 Nyack, N. Y.