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VOLUME 21 BIRMINGHAM, ALA., STATE HERALD. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1895. NUMBER 314. 5 PER CENTS ATA PREMIUM Messrs. Steiner Bros. Succeed in Getting the Bonds. THERE WERE EIGHT BIDDERS Baldwin of Montgomery Changed His Offer. A Protest Sustained. BANKHEAD AND CLARK FRIDAY NIGHT They Go Thence to Selma and on Around the State—Both in Good Trim and Beady for the Pray—Gen eral News. Montgomery, Oct. 7.—(Special.)—Stein er Bros., Birmingham’s wide-awake bankers and bond brokers, were the suc cessful bidders here today for $50,000 of Montgomery county’s 5 per cent forty year bonds. Their bid was 104%, or a premium of $2125. The bonds are redeem able after thirty years. The following were the bids and the bidders: Steiner Bros, of Birmingham, 104%, or $52,125. Josiah Morris & Co. of Montgomery, 103 81.100, or $51,905. Mary S. Chambers of New York, 104, or $52,000. B. H. Rollins & Son of New York, 103 26.KI0, or $51,630. S. S. Kean of Chicago, 100, or $50,000. Farson, Leach & Co. of New York, $50, 663. Bdward C. Jones of New York, 102 27.100, Of $53,250. A. M. Baldwin of Montgomery, 104%, or $52,250. It will he observed that Mr. Baldwin's bid was higher than that of Steiner Bros, by $125. It appears that the conditions of both bids had to be amended in some Insignificant particulars and that when Mr. Baldwin changed his conditions he also Increased his bid somewhat. The bids had, however, been opened and Mr. Steiner protested against the increase In the bid so late In the engagement. The board of revenue sustained the protest and the bids were awarded, as stated, to Steiner Bros. The Bankhead-Clark Debate. The Bankhead-Clark debate has been arranged to take place next Friday night at the theater. Both of the congressmen are said to be in good trim for the set-to, and the debate is looked forward to with! considerable interest. Mr. Bankhead will open and close the debate. The gentle men have also agreed to debate the finan cial question in Selma on Saturday night next if the theater can be secured. Murderer Arrested. William Buchanan, the negro murder er, wanted in this city, was brought from Louisiana yesterday by the sheriff of St. Tammany parish, where he was arrested. Buchanan stabbed a negro to death in this city about six months ago and fled. Athletic Event. Denny Gallagher of Buffalo, N. Y., reached the city today and has nrranged fora six round go with Joe Tillman of the Montgomery Athletic club as a prelimi nary to the wrestling match tonight be tween Joe P. Harry and Sylvester Si mon. Denny Gallagher has had a num ber of contests and his record for his weight Is top notch. He is ready to chal lenge any man in the south or south west for a bout at 118 pounds. Personal. Messrs. D. W. Crenshaw and J. C. Har rison, both of the Luverne Enterprise, are in the city today en route to Birming ham to the press association meeting. Messrs. H. Wilson, J. W. Sibley, John M. Caldwell, Hugh Morrow, E. J. Smyer, Allen Glover and William Molton, all of Birmingham, are in the city today. Governor Oates and a party of about twenty will go to Atlanta next Thursday in a special car to be present and partic ipate In the exercises at the Exposition on Alabama day. OLD LIBERTY BELL Has Reached Chattanooga—Patriotic Crowds Continue to Meet it at Every Town Along the Route. Chattanooga. Tenn., Oct. 7.—From Knoxville to Chattanooga the liberty bell wended Its way this morning through a constant succession of ovations. A drizzling rain was falling at Knoxville, but nearly all of the public school chil dren marchfcd past the revolutionary relic, a feature being nearly 300 high school girls with books and lunch bas kets, who came !in a body. Factory whistles saluted as the train steamed southward, and from windows and bridges many flags were waved in fare well. At Lenoir City the big car wheel works suspended operation, and several hundred brawny workmen cheered the bell. It halted for a moment or two at picturesque old Loudon. A monster American flag was suspended over the railroad tracks and nearly every build ing sported the national colors. There were many children at this point, and Select Councilman Hringhurst of Phila delphia made a short address. There was another crowd at Sweet Water and a larger one at Athens. In the latter place there was considerable decoration, and Mayor Warwick spoke after being introduced by City Attornly B. It. Matterson. The most notable re ception was at Cleveland, where all the public school children were ranged along the tracks. At one end stood about 100 blooming maidens, wearing mortar boards and gowns. They were students of the Centenary college, the educational institution of the Methodist church south. Their teachers were with (hem and the flowers that had been placed on the bell at Loudon and Athens were divided among these Tennessee beauties. Mayor Warwick made a bright address here, paying many compliments to the pretty girls about him. Sherman Heights turned out another crowd, though the train stopped but a fen' minutes. In fact, at every cross roads and farm house waiting crowds had shown evidences of patriotic impulse, and many have been the fusilades of cheers and flowers hurled at the old bell as the train sped along on its way to Atlanta. Th<- cere monies at Chattanooga were more for mal than ajxy vat held. There was a oa ratio of the school children and the pa triotic scenes were quite imposing. The hell car was side-tracked in the big rail road station, where a platform for the speakers had been erected. The Junior Order of American Mechanics were in charge of details, but the head of the committee on arrangements was William D. Kelly, Jr., son of the once famous pig Iron congressman from Pennsylvania. Mayor George W. Ochs, Rev. J. W. Rachman, W. B. Stephens, Gen. J. W. Burke and Rev. J. E. Smith made ad dresses, and Mayor Warwick spoke for the Philadelphia escort. The school chil dren sang patriotic songs and Ex-Mayor H. D. Sims of Chattanooga made an ex cellent address of welcome. Then the great crowd was formed in line and un til late in the day a seemingly endless line of men. women and children passnd over the bell car. The Philadelphia vis itors were taken to Lookout mountain and the famous battlefield of Chlrka mauga, and tonight Common Council man R. C. Horr of Philadelphia enter tained his fellow travelers with an elab orate dinner. A Curious Combination. Topeka. Ks„ Get. 7.—The opposition to the republican party in Franklin county resulted Saturday in fusion, which has attracted much attention and comment among the political leaders. Democrats, populists and prohibitionists Joined in the nomination of the county ticket to give each party an equal share in candi dates. Rev. M. W. Harton, chairman of the prohibition state central committee, was nominated for register of deeds. This is the most remarkable combination ever made in the state, as the democrats have always opposed prohibition and pro hibitionists have regarded them as their greatest enemy. For ten years Franklin county has been the third party and prohibition stronghold of Kansas. NEW FURNACES TO BE BUILT The Birmingham District Will Soon Add Two MORE GEMS TO HER TIARA Mr. DeBardeleben the Builder--Bessemer the Lucky Location-A Pleasant Surprise for the Citizens of Bessemer. "Is there anything new in (he industrial line?” asked a State Herald reporter of Mr. H. F. DeBardeleben late Saturday night. “Nothing particular." was the reply, “except the two new furnaces I am build ing at Bessemer.” The nonchalant manner in which Mr. DeBardeleben said this left the impres sion that he intended building these fur naces In the future. The reporter did not realize at the moment that he was talk ing to a man who had built a number of furnaces and developed the largest coal mine in the world and who had such large Interests that two more furnaces was a matter of comparative small mo ment. But two new furnaces means a great deal to the Birmingham district, and the reporter made further enquiries yesterday and learned from men who keep up with our Industrial progress that these furnaces were decided on several weeks ago. A visit to the machine shops disclosed the additional fact that the con tract for the boilers had been let to Crel lin & Nalls, and the contract for the en gines to the Hardie machine shops, and that boilers and engines were now about ready for placng in position. The expenditure of $500,000 in the build ing of these two furnaces will add to the volume of money in circulation in the district and will give renewed im petus to our mercantile and industrial interests. Nearly all of the material used In the construction of the plant will be obtained here at home. This was not possible five years ago, when the last furnace in this district was built, but since then our foundries and machine shops have increased their capacity and skilled labor has come into our midst, and It Is possible to build a furnace at home. Not only will this new plant prove beneficial to the district, but the resultant effect will be of great benefit. The example of Mr DeBardeleben will spur others to make similar developments and his enterprise will encourage the spirit du corps of the Industrial army. He is our great captain of industry, and where he leads others may safely fol low. He certainly would not build new furnaces if he did not believe that the present price Of iron was permanent and not speculative. He certainly would not make such a large investment if he did not see with prophetic ken the light of a brighter day breaking on the horizon. It is probable that these new furnaces will be the forerunners of a number that will be built in a short time. Nearly all fhe present furnaces In the district were built iri rapid succession—they were built In a biyich, so to apeak. History repeats itself. CAN’T FIGHT IN THE T ERRITORY. Mr. Harmon Says the United States or Some State has Supervision Over All Lands. Washington. Oct. 7.—Attorney-General Harmon today reiterated hia statement made last week, that the Corbett-Fitz simmonti fight would not come oft on any ground over whfch the United States has jurisdiction. Talk that the Six nations or other Indian tribes have exclusive ju risdiction over their reservations or coun try and by adopting prize fighters as members of the tribe can thus put them outside the pale of federal jurisdiction. Is regarded In legal circles here as simply nonsense, without basis of fact. The fur ther contention that there is any ground within the boundaries of the United States over which some state or the United States has not police jurisdiction is regarded as equally absurd. Slugger's island. In the Missouri river, which is classed as neutral ground. Is under the police jurisdiction of the state of Mis souri. Jury ol Awards Bound South. New York, Oct. 7.—The Jury of awards of the Cotton States and International exposition, consisting- of about forty members, will leave Washington Tues day. October 8, via the Southern Railway Piedmont Air Line. This party com prises the following prominent persons: Gen. Henry L. Abbott, United States en gineer; Prof. Simon Newcomb, A. S. N.; John Briskin. ex-presldent of the Society of Mining Engineers; Prof. Charles R. Cross. Boston; Mr. Thomas N. Ely, Pitts burg; Prof. J. N. Hollins, Harvard uni versity; Hon. G. G. Hubbard, Washing ton; Dr. Henry M. Hurd, Baltimore; Commander Jewett, U. S. N.; Thomas Nason Page, Richmond, Va.; Prof. A. H. Hurston. Cornell university; J. E. Wat kins. U. S. National museum, Washing ton. D. C„ and Dr. Heinrich Reis, New York FATHER AND SON KILLED The Bloody Work of an Infu riated Mob. DAUGHTER BEATEN DOWN And Her Father's Body Was Kicked in He Presence. THE SON WAS BEATEN INTO A JELLY Fourteen ot the Murderers Have Been Ar rested—The Trouble Grew Out of the Captain Taking a Load Under Price. North 'Qonawanda, Oct. 7.—A double murder was committed on P. W. Scrib ner’s lumber dock at an early hour this morning.and up to the present time four men have been placed under arrest and search is being made fork others. Shortly after midnight Captain Phillips of the canal boat Jennie draft and his son of the boat May began loading up with lum ber. Other boatsmen who had refused to take loads at the price Scribner offered marched down in. a body to the dock and interfered. Phillips, who was armed, drew a revolver and fired over the heads of the crowd, probably seeking to intim idate them. Some one, exactly whom has not yet been learned, pulled a gun and fired three shots at Phillips, who fell to the deck of his boat a dead man. The younger Phillips, who had taken a hand in the melee, was struck down with a club and horribly beaten. He managed to crawl in the cabin, where he died at 8:15 this morning. The authorities were notified and the police this morning arrested fourteen boatsmen, who are known to have par ticipated in the fatal melee. Captain Phillips was about 50 years of age and his son obout 19. Their home was in Burton’s Bay. While the fight was In progress the lilies of the two crafts were cut and they floated dow*n the river, but were lnteiv cepted at Little island and brought back. The trouble seems to have been the direct outcome of the newly formed canal which was credited some time ago as a New York Central moyement. The evidence here shows that Scribner had gotten Captain Phillips to bring his boats here for a load, the boats to be loaded as soon as they strived. This is contrary to the rules, as the association wishes to dictate to the forwarders when and how the boats should be loaded. When the Tonawanda boatmen found that Captain Phillips would load when he 1 saw fit a little army of desperate meu called at the dock and waited for the boat to come In. She arrived and tied up, only to be boarded by the crowd. Officers were on the spot to keep the crowd back, but all their efforts were fruitless, for the men were like a pack of maddened wolves. “If the coppers lay a hand on any of you, lay them out, boys,” shouted one man in the crowd, and then he shouted to Captain Phillips, “If there’s anybody on the boat that you wan( to get off now’s your time.” "Never mind anybody here,” answered Phillips. Then the trouble began. The men poured on the boat like demons, kicked the crew into the forward cabin and started for Captain Phillips. In a sec ond he fell to the deck with a bullet through his brain and another through his heart. His 17-year-old daughter sprang to his assistance, only to be struck on the head and felled to the deck while the moh kicked and abused the body of her dying father. While this was going on the dead cap tain’s son was attacked, and though he fought well, he was knocked down and beaten almost to a jelly, his skull being fractured. United States Deputy Marshal Smering made an attempt to fight the crowd back, but three of them covered him with re volvers and held him at bay until they had completed the bloody work. When the crimes had been committed the mob cut the boats loose and allowed them to drift down the rlv&r, but they were brought back by a tug. It was a horrible sight that greeted the people on the dock when the boats were again tied up. On the deck, In a pool of blood, was the father, and along the deck were bloody blotches, where the son had crawled along to the cabin. Ev ery window in the cabin was broken, and the daughter was In hysterics over the remains of her murdered father. So far sixteen men have been arrested, and the authorities are examining witnesses and taking affidavits looking to the arrest of others. BALTIMORE WON Cleveland Loses Her First Game to the League Champions—The PlayeryNeeded Police Protection. Baltimore, Oct 7.—'The two-time cham pions today made their first 'appearance on the home grounds In the Temple cup series. They had no trouble In placing the game to their credit. But two Cleve landites got beyond flrst and both died at second. Esper pitched magnificently and was grandly supported, Keeler es pecially distinguishing himself. Cuppy, too, pitched a good game, except in the third Inning, when nine hits were bunched, along with bases on balls. There was a large force of police on the grounds, but they had nothing to do, us there was no disposition shown to inter fere with the players. Nor was there any particular commotion among the rooters, no noise-making device other than the lusty voices being allowed In the enclosure. After the gamie, however, there was a little excitement outside the grounds when the Cleveland club en tered its stage. A platoon of police es corted the Spiders to their-omnibus alid some of them, rode down with the play ers. Aside from a few- flying missiles which did nd harm the tripto their hotel was uneventful. Attendance, 9100. Sc ire: R H E Baltimore .0 1 2 0 0 0 3 0 *—5 9 1 Cleveland .....;.,0 0 0 0 • 0 0 0 0—0 5 1 Batteries—Esper and Robinson; Cuppy and Zimmer. A Diphtheria Epidemic. Hammond, Ind., Oct. 7.—The alarming spread of diphtheria in thi* city has compelled the authorl^iea’to take meas ures to close, all the schools iti order to check the ravages of the disease. From one to three deaths have occurred daily for several days. A BAD RAILROAD WRECK Two Heavily Laden Passenger Trains Meet WITH DISASTROUS RESULTS Eighteen People Are Now Known to Have Been Killed, AND ONE HUNDRED WERE INJURED Mr. Beernaert, President of the Brussels Chamber of Deputies, Was Unhurt, His Sister-in-Law Killed and His Wile Injured. Brussels, Oct. 7.—Two heavily ladened passenger trains came into collision be tween Wavre and Ottignies, about ejgh teen miles from this city, last evening and most of ihe cars of both trains were wrecked. Ten persons were killed outright and forty injured, some of them fatally. Among the passengers were M. Beer naert, president of the chamber of dep uties, his wife and her sister, Mrs. Moul on. The latter was killed and Madame Beernaert was injured, though not se riously. M. Beernaert is unhurt. Eighteen Killed. Later news from the scene of the rail way accident shows the disaster was a great deal more serious than first reports Indicated. It is now ascertained that eighteen per sons were killed and at least 100 injured. The list of fatally wounded Is also likely to be increased at least twenty-five. The collision was not between two pas senger trains, as at first reported, but between a passenger and a freight train. The engine of the freight train struck the passenger cars, two of which were Crowded with men and women. These cars were telescoped and a third thrown on top of them. The rescuing party worked throughout the night taking out the dead and injured from the debris. THE FREE LABOR CONGRESS. President Chandler Declares That Trades Unions Were Manipulated. London, Oct. 7.—The free labor con gress opened Its sessions at New Castle today, according to programme, with eighty delegates in attendance. A letter was read from Mr. Thomas Burt, member of parliament, in which he expressed .hopes that the efforts of the congress to obtain the creation of boards of arbitra tion to act in the settlement of disputes between employers and employes will be successful. •President Chandler,, iq fils rmeninr- ml. dess, made an attack upon the trades unions, which he declared were manipu lated by self-seekers, whose tyranny dis graced the cause of labor and struck a h£avy blow at the trades of the nation. The Free Labor association, he said, was cultivating better relation between em ployer and employed, and aimed at the prevention of senseless strikes. The as sociation, he said, had already effected the formation in many important indus trial centers of boards of conciliation, consisting of an equal number of masters and workmen. All these boards, he said, were working in perfect harmony. CUBA BEING DEPOPULATED. Eight Men Killed and Many Wounded in Two Great Battles. Havana, Oct. 7.—A dispatch from San tiago de Cuba says that Lieutenant-Col onel Tejada, with his command, started from San Luis for Palma Soriano today to repair and protect the telegraph wires. On his way he surprised a band of 300 rebels, under Demetrio Castillo, and dis persod them, leaving three of their num ber on the field. They carried off their wounded, who were numerous. The troops captured a large tiuantity of am munition, arms, provisions, etc. Gen. Suarez Veldez reports from San Delara that he has had battles with com bined bands of rebels commanded by Eayas, Suarez, Nunez and Aleman at Palma Roqueta and Minas, killing five and wounding a large number of the ene my. The government troops had two men wounded. Obstructing the Investigation. London, Oct. 7.—A dispatch from Shanghai to a News agency says that the viceroy of Foo Chpw is preventing the enforcement at Kiicheng of orders promulgated from Pekin. Foreign con suls report that in consequence of the action of this official it is perfectly use less to proceed with the Inquiry into the recent outrages. British Vice-Consul Allen has left Kucheng In disgust. Will Be Made Cardinals. Paris, Oct. 7.—The Figaro publishes a dispktch from Its correspondent in Rome, Which asserts that Archbishop Satolll, papal delegate to the United States, to gether with Monsignor Agliardi, papal nuncio at Vienna, and Monslgnor Fer rate* papal nuncio at Paris, will be ele vated to the cardinalate at the next con sistory. A Norwegian Steamer Damaged. Colon, Oct. 7.—The Norwegian steamer Herald, from Mobile, September 28, for Bocas del Tero, reports having met a hurricane September 30 southwest of Port Antonio, Jamaica, which lasted un til October 2. The vessel’s cargo was damaged by the storm. M. DeWitt Starts Home. Berlin, Oct. 7.—M. DeWitt, Russian minister of finance, who has been visiting Germany for some time past, started for St. Petersburg today. Miss Ada Cavandish Dead. London. Oct. 7.—Miss Ada Cavandish, the actress, died here today. GOT EIGHTY-FIVE CENTS. A Special Tram Held Up by the Christian Brothers. St. Louis, Oct. 7.—A special to the Star from Fort Smith, Ark., says: Six ^nen held up the northbound train on the St. Louts and San Francisco road at mid night last night near Gaston, I. T., a small station fifty miles south of here. After all their risk, the trouble and plan ning they secured but 85 cents.- They were so-disgusted that they threw the money on the flour, oursed the express messenger and left. The gang proceeaed about their busi ness coolly and methodically. They flagged the train, cut the express car off ami left the passengers in charge of a guard. Thev ran ts- evnreoo no** and engine up the road a short distance and went through it. They were unable to get into the safe and the local contained nothing of value. The train was crowded with people coining to see the circus in this city, and the gang would have made a rich haul by going' through the passenger coaches, but they refused to rob them. The only demonstration made against them was firing one shot in the coach. The guard in charge ordered all to keep seated and they would not be molested. One boy got scared and ran and the robbers fired through the bottom of the coach. The boy fell and the passengers thought he was killed. This caused a stampede. The Christian brothers’ gang is credited with the hold up. Scientists Coming South. Washington, Oct. 7.—This evening a special train left Washington by the Southern railroad for Atlanta with 125 scientific gentlemen on board. They compose the Association of Mining En gineers, who have been gathering here for some days from all parts of the United States and from England. They hold a convention at Atlanta, Ga.. be ginning tomorrow morning, and upon its conclusion will return to Washing ton via Chattanooga, Knoxville and Asheville, and will probably disband at Washington. George I. Tyson Dead. New York,.Oct. 7.—George I. Tyson, the president of the American News com pany, and wrell-known newsdealer, died shortly after 8 o’clock today at his coun try home In Riverside, Conn. His death was not unexpected, as he had*been sick since June and had not left his room. He suffered from cerebral hemorrhage, and the doctors could give little hope of his recovery since the time of the first attack in June. THE DEADLY OIL LAMP Two Sisters Meet Death in a Most Awful Manner. A HEART-RENDING SCENE For Several Hours the Unfortunates Indure Their Tortures Before Relieved by Death. One of the most horrible catastrophe’s that has ever occurred in this district happened at Fowler’s station, Woodlawn, between 6 and 7 o’clock Sunday evening. A lamp exploded in the hands of Eflie Dora Evatt, the 15-year-old daughter of W H. Evatt, and threw oil all over her and her 10-year-old sister. The oil Ig nited and the most heroic work of their father and brother could only save them from immediate death. Almost every vestage of clothing was burned from their bodies and the skin and flesh pealed off. They lingered for hours, suff.erlng the most intense agony before succumbing to death, the younger, Addle, dying at 12:30 and Eflle Dora at 5:20 yesterday morning. It was about 6:30 o'clock Sunday even ing that Effle Dora Evatt asked her brother John to hand her a lamp which he held in his hand. As she was taking hold of it the lamp exploded, and, as above stated, bespattered the two sisters with oil. Some of the oil spattered on John Evatt’s arm and igniting burned his coat sleeve off before he could extinguish the flame. As soon as he could do so he went to the aid of his sisters’ but was unable to do much for them. Mr. Evatt was in the room, and as soon ns he saw the flames he ran to the rescue of his daughters, but no power could save them. The flames rapidly covered their bodies, and resisted all efforts to extin guish them. The clothes were torn, piece by piece, from the girls, but that had no effect on the flames, and when all the garments had finally been removed, it was found that their bodies from their waists up had been burned almost to a crisp, and the skin was pealing off. In their fright the two girls had in haled the flames, and were thereby ren dered speechless. Drs. Cross and Caffee were called in, but were unable to do anything to relieve their suffering. Friends of the family went to their as sistance, and watched over the dying forms of the once beautiful girls until they breathed their last. Their remains will he taken to Oak Grove, this county, today for burial. SELMA~ Train Hocked-Gentleman and Lady Pain fully Cut-No Clew to the Culprit. Selma, Oct. 7.—(Special.)—The Mobile and Birmingham train, due In this city at 10:30 last night, was rocked a mile west of the city. A gentleman and a lady were painfully cut by shattered glass There is no clue to the throwers. Governor Stone Kindly Received. Jackson, Miss., October 7.—Governor Stone and Auditor Stone, who have Just returned from a tour of the northwestern states, speak in the highest terms of their reception and treatment by the citi zens of the several towns at which their special car halted. They are of the opin ion that their trip has accomplished great good for the cause of Immigration to this state, the tide being now fairly turned. ■a. oreamooat mimed. New Orleans, Oct. 7.—The steamboat Gen. H. F. Duval was burned this morn ing at 5 o'clock. She was lying at the head of Austeriitz street, at which point three boats have been burned in the past year. All of the fires originated from un known causes. The Duval has been ply ing in the Ouachita trade. The loss is about $10,000. She was insured. Ministers Asked Protection. Colon, Oct. 7.—The British and German ministers at Bogota, Mr. Jenner and Dr. Durhsen. have asked the prolection of the authorities against popular violence, and their respective legations are being guarded by the police. The trouble had grown out of the attitude of the govern ment toward the Knglish and German railway conductors. A Cotton Mill in Trouble. Rockford, 111., Oct. 7.—The Graham Cot ton Mill company has confessed judg ment in the circuit court In favor of the Second National bank for $:i!M0. The plant is bonded for $100,000, and will not sell for mych more-at this time, hence the $200,000 in claims will get a narrow slice of the proceeds of the sale. Irrigation Congress Meet. Atlanta, Oct. 7.—The Southern Irriga tion congress was organized hero today. Prominent farmers and scientists con stltute the membership. Dr. H. C. White of the University of Georgia is the tem porary head of the congress. The body i meets again tomorrow in the exposition auditorium. 1 An Important Decision Handed Down by Judge Hogue, THE HAPjT/ROF WASHINGTON And the R>^ ned Flats Belongs to the United p States. S - seven# Kindred and fifty acres W°r^ dany Thousand Dollars Wero In volved in the Decision-The Case Will No Doubt Bo Appealed to the Supreme Court. Washington, Oct. 7.—The paramount claim of the United States to the harbor of the city of Washington in the Potomac river and eastern branch was maintained by the supreme court of the District of Columbia today over those of all other claimants of whatever nature. The de cision of the court, sitting in banc, was delivered by Mr. Justice Hagner and oc cupied the entire session of the day, more than three hours being required to read the document'. The litigation, of which today's opinion works an important step towards tinal adjudication, had its origin in the efforts of the government to re claim the Potomac flats and establish harbor lines in the river. This led after a time to the setting up of claims by va rious interested parties to ownership in the reclaimed flats, now extending over an area of 750 acres, and of riparian rights attached to the lots fronting on the water. Finally, in August, 1586, con gress pussed an act directing the at torney-general to enter suit In the dis trict supreme court against the several claimants to determine the merit of their claims. This was done shortly after the passage of the act, suits being entered against fifty-four claimants. Until last winter nothing was done in the matter, the time being spent by me attorneys in perfecting their cases. They were then consolidated and the trial of the several claims had. They were divided in seven classes and each class put forward its testimony, which the government antag onized. These claims ranged from that made by the heirs of James Marshall, brother of the late Chlyf Justice John Marshall, to the whole bed of the Poto mac river under a grant from the crown of England to Lord Culpepper to the northern neck of Virginia, and under a deed from the heirs of Henry Harford, the last proprietary of the province of England, to those of persons holding pos session of the river front by license from the chief of engineers United States army. One of the claims was for about 150 acres of the reclaimed land contig uous to a plot known as “Kldwell Mead ows,” for which a patent was Issued to John Kldwell in 1869. This claim, the ev idence declared, was a speculative one. A quarter Interest has been sold for $40, 000 and at the time the suit was begun a syndicate had been formed to buy it for $1,000,000. All of the claims were overthrown by the decision of Judge Hager. The opin ion was exhaustive, reviewing the his tory of the Potomac river from the date of the original charters to lands in Vir ginia and Maryland. Its conclusion In brief was that the right, title and Interest 4n the land and water of the river within the district vested in congress for the benefit of the public, and no private right or ownership antagonistic thereto could be established. It was decided that the owners of cer tain lots which extended under the sur face of the river, and which had been re claimed by the government, were entitled to remuneration to the extent of the val ue of the lots before reclalmation. The decision also In express terms declares the patent Issued to Dr. Kidwell In 1869 for a tract lying in the river about forty seven acres in extent of none effect anil null and void. By the terms of the act authorizing the bringing of the suits an appeal from the judgment of the district supreme court to the supreme court of the United States was permitted to any of the parties, and It is probable that the case will find its way to the highest tri bunal in the land, although no steps were taken in that direction today. TWO MILLIONS The Price Paid for the Central of Georgia. Sold at Auction in Savannah Yesterday. Savannah, Ga.. Oct. 7.—The Central Railroad of Georgia was sold at noon to day in front of the passenger station in this city to Messrs. Samuel Thomas and Thomas H. Ryan for *2,000,000. There was a crowd of abopt 300 people present, among them being Messrs. Thomas and Ryan, Henry Crawford, H. M. Comer, Robert B. I.owry, Senator A. O. Bacon and a large number of lawyers interested in the proceedings. The sale took place In pursuance of a decree of the circuit court of the United States for the South ern district of Georgia, entered August 26. 1895, in the suit of the Ful mers' Hoan and Trust company against the Central Railroad and Banking Company of Geor gia et al. and Alexander Brown & Sons against the Central Railroad and Bank ing Company of Georgia et al., consol idated cause in equity,"Upon the cross bill of the Central Tust company of New York. Col. A. K. Buck, one of the spe cial commissioners appointed to sell the property, gave notice of the sale at 12 o’clock and called on George W. Owens, the other commissioner, to read the ad vertisement, which was done. Mr. Owens also read a notice stating that parlor car No. 30 did not belong to the Central rail road, but to the Chattanooga, Rome add Columbus Railroad company. Colonel Buck then said it was useless for him to describe what a magnliicent property was being offered, as every one was fa miliar with its advantages. When he called for a bid ftiere was a silence of a minute or two, after whffeh Mr. Henry Crawford said: “In behalf of Mr. Samuel Thomas and Mrs. Thomas P. Ryan I bid $2,000,000.“ Colonel Buck called a while for other bids, but no others came and he declared the property sold to. Messrs. Ryan and Thomas for *2,000,000. Thereupon Mr. Crawford placed In the hands of the spe cial commissioners a certified check for $50,000. In order with the decree of the court, and the necessary papers were signed by the commissioners. The rail road spent some time today In looking over the terminals and yards and will leave tonight on the return to New York.