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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, October 15, 1895, Image 4

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Entered at the postofflce at Birmingham,
Ala-. aasecond-ciaBainaUer.^__.
Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Build
ing New York; Western Business Office, o09
"The Rookery,” Chicago. S. C. Beckwltn,
Bole Agent Foreign Advertising.
Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers
desire to have their papers changed, they
must specify where the paper is now going
and where they wish it changed to. Watcn
the label on your paper and see when your
time expires.
The State Herald will appreciate news
from any community. If at a small place
where It has no regular correspondent,
news reports of neighborhood happenings
from any friend will be gratefully received.
All communications, of whatever charac
ter or length, should be written on only one
side of the sheet.__
Business Office.JJJ
AH calls after 9 o'clock p. m. should be
sent to the Editorial Booms._
Let the Clarkc-Bankliead joint debate
proceed. __
Capt. Joseph P. Johnston spoke in
Huntersville yesterday. _
Birmingham retail merchants are all
doing a lively business.
If you want to get in on the ground
floor buy real estate in Birmingham right
now. ______
The Birmingham hotels are doing a
lively business. A sure sign of a growing
Tho churches were all well attended
last Sunday. Birmingham has a church
going population. _
The circulation per capita on October
1 w^s $22.57, based on an estimated pop
ulation of 70,253,000._
It Is said that Senator Morgan will
make several speeches in Alabama dur
ing the month of November.
One of the pioneer coal miners of Ala
bama remarked yesterday that the coal
trade was never better in the history of
the State. _
Every dollar has two wings and a
woman on it.—Mountain City Gazette.
That Is the reason It Is an earthly angel
and an almightly dollar_
The life and writings of Sidney Lan
ier are becoming quite the fad, as his
wife lectures about them in the South.
She Is just now in Atlanta
One thing certain the Atlanta Exposi
tion is drawing editorial associations.
Up to date some eight or ten State asso
ciations have attended the show.
The Alabama editors who came to Bir
mingham last week and went from here
to Atlanta will be heard fsom through
the columns of their respective journals
this week.
As shown in the New York Herald
our exports of manufactures for the pres
ent calendar year, unless checked by
some unforeseen cause, will be $17,000,000
more than in any year of American his
tory. ____
Secretary Herbert did some valuable
service in Huntsville. He convinced the
editor of the Mercury that “there is not
a silver party in the world." In the Eu
ropean countries, says the Secretary,
‘‘the fight is for bimetallism.”
As the result of professional education
In 1803 there were graduated toll medical
students. 2S52 denial students, 3391 phar
macists. 6770 law students and 7836 theo
logical studenls. The graduates of nor
mal schools numbered 4191; the number
of students was 63.465.
A ton and a quarter of bar silver was
stolen in the London streets the other day
while being transported In a van from
the railroadstation to a bank. The men
In charge stopped in a tavern for a few
minutes for breakfast, when the van was
driven off and was found in a street not
far off soon with the silver gone.
Two lives were cut short by an elevator
weight at the Battleton building In Hart
ford. Ct., Saturday. John Farr, the ele
vator boy, stuck his head through the
netting Into the elevator well and was
struck by the weight. His skull was frac
tured. Janitor Melvin Barber a short
time after was showing how it happened
when he was struck by the weight and
killed.' ___
A lady who saw the Prince of Wales
at Hombuig says he looked like some
thing out of a comic opera, dressed
in a light blue suit, With a yellowish hat.
and shoes. It was most comical to see
the ladies introduced to him even In the
public places dropping courtesies before
him. and when they were young and
pretty he put out his hand and lifted
thc-m up.
Ex-Secretary Foster of Ohio, when
ashed his opinion of the published situ
ation a few days ago, said: ‘'1 belh ve
the Republicans will be victorious all
along the line. Our majority may not bo
so large as it was last year, but it will be
large enough for all purposes." Concern
ing the Presidency Mr. Foster said: “If
Quay, Platt and Clarkson can agree on
some man—Reed or Allison, or somebody
else—and secure the co-opera I Ion of Elk
ins they may he able to defeat McKin
ley." Speaking of the basis of represen
tation in the next National Republican
convention Mr. Foster said: "The Sooth
should not be allowed to vote. It never
does us any good in a presidential elec
tion. yet their proportion of delegates is
the same as ours.”
Aeeording to the World the telephone
numbers of the Vanderbilts. Astors and
others do not appear in the general tele
phone directory of that city. The World
says: “There are a good many mllllor.
a|cts and society families who have tel
ephones In their residences, but they arc
for private use Only the friends of the
head of th-> house and a few other per
sons know the number. The mistress of
the mansion leaves the number with her
friends, and in exchange receives their
numbers. She ajgo leaves her number
with i be head of the hospital where she
happens to bo on the managing commit
tee. This exclusive system Is adopted in
ordet that outsiders cannot annoy Mr.
Millionaire by ringing him up on the tel
ephone. The men who have telephones
put into their houses do so with the pro
viso that their names and telephone num
bers shall not appear in the directory."

The New York World Is rendering the
country good service In exposing and
denouncing the scheme of certain specu
lators to form a paper trust—that Is. to
bring all the paper mills of the country
into a conspiracy to Increase the pricfe
of paper. Such a conspiracy would be
a heavy tax upon newspapers, book
makers and every form of literature.
The World says:
There are many paper mills ($n the
country that are utterly out or date.
.Some of them have machinery of anti
quated kinds. It costs more to mako
paper in them than the paper is worth.
Others are rendered unprofitable by rea
son of the fact that their timber supply Is
exhausted and their water po\yer no
longer trustworthy.
The plan of the paper trust 13 to make
the people of the country pay the loss
incident to the abandonment of those
mills, or else pay to keep them in opera
It is proposed to turn them all into the
trust at a capitalization of $35,000,000,
although $10,000,000 would more than
duplicate their productive capacity with
new and properly placed machinery.
If tlie lambs of Wall street, unmindful
of Cordage, can be Induced to take the
$35,000,000 of stock and bonds, or, in other
words, to buy all these wornout or other
wise unprofitable mills at three and a
half times their value, the manipulators
of the scheme will pocket such a profit
as nobody ever makes in legitimate ways.
If that is accomplished it is proposed
to make the public pay interest and div
idends on this new capitalization. The
purpose of the combination is to advance
to 1?>2 cents a pound paper that can be
.sold at 1 6-10 cents with a profit of 18
per cent.
There are Just two questions to he an
swered with respect to this matter One
is will buyers be found for the fictitious
securities. The other is, will the public
consent to pay more than twice much
for paper as it is worth?
Of course if the trust is formed the
public will have to pay the trust any
profit they may ask up tm the point where
imports from abroad will compete with
them. There are laws, national and State,
against such trusts, but they are not en
forced. We have not yft got to that stage
of civilization when a law can be en
forced against an accused person who
represents thirty-five millions of money.
If the trust is formed there is but one
remedy against it, and that is to let in
free of duty all paper, pulp and all
chemieals needed in the manufacture of
paper. It has been a wonder to us why
school books have not been admitted free
of duty. The English people are supposed
to understand English and no doubt
they have school books over there com
petent for all purposes of Instruction.
If these books were admitted free we
would be emancipated from the school
book combinations, which tax the public
schools in a sum amounting to more than
all the State appropriations for educa
The World Is mistaken In supposing
that the danger from such a trust will
be obviated by placing wood pulp on
the free list. It is not a fact that wood
puip can be manufactured abroad cheap
er than in this country. Here in the South
we have forests specially adapted to
pulp for paper mills. Nothing could be
better or cheaper than the fibrous Tulip
gmn which abounds along the rivers and
swamps of this section. Indeed with the
aid of chemicals it matters very little
now what kind of wood is used. Pulp
mills as adjuncts to paper mills here at
the South would very soon assert their
power to keep the price of paper down to
a fair living rate.
Apropos of this subject we know of no
better location for a pulp and paper
mill than right here at Birmingham. The
adjacent forests abound in the best of
wood. There is ample water for the
flowing processes, and the cheapest pow
er for the heavy machinery. And then
within reach of Birmingham we have
enough newspapers to consume the pro
duct of half a dozen mills. There are
over 300 weeklies In Alabama and Geor
gia consuming on an average more than
four tons of paper for each day. Then
the dailies at Birmingham, Mobile,
Montgomery, Selma and New Orleans
consume over twenty tons a day. it
will be seen at a glance that the field
liepe is wide open. It offers a fortune to
sdme enterprising man.
The law enacted by the last General
Assembly for the sale of lands hereto
fore bought in by the State at'tax sales
Is now being enforced. The law provided
that all lands sold for taxes and bought
In by the State might be redeemed by
payment of five years Stato and county
taxes. Unless the lands are redeemed
they are to. be sold by the State. We no
tice that our State exchanges are full
of advertisements announcing these sales
for November. Unless the lands are re
deemed they will be sold to the highest
bidder, and the bidders will no doubt get.
a good title if the forms under which
the lands were originally sold for taxes
were strictly observed.
It has happened that very frequently
the forms were not observed, as for ex
ample the Collector might have made the
taxes out of personalty and did not do
so, or he may have neglected to make
affidavit that he sought for and could
riot find any personal property to levy
upon, or in many other ways the statu
tory requirements may not have been
strictly followed. In such cases the orig
inal sales were invalid, and of course litis
new sale would be tainted with like im
perfection. However, it i3 not safe to
test the validity of the sales. The easiest
and cheapest mode is for Hie owner to
pay tip the five years taxes and clear lii.l
title of all clouds. We beg all delin
quents to take advantage of this opportu
nity und thus relieve llte Slate of an In
cubus. It is a grievous wrong for some
citizens to bo compelled to bear all the
burdens of the revenue while others are
careless of their duties and await for a
chance for Indulgence on the part of the
The first duty of Congress at the ap
proaching December session is to recog
nise the belligerency of Cuba. The people
of the I'uitcd States demand it. In his
article In the September Forum discuss
ing the chances of Cuban success. Mr.
Clarence King gives a Spanish estimate,
according to which there are 72,151! Span
ish soldiers already in Cuba. If this army,
consisting m the flower of the Spanish
troops, cannot ,-ub.iugate the island, the
multiplication of men Is tiot llloly to ac
complish it.
Mr. King concludes with iustlce that
the issue depends more on the attitude
of other countries than on any action
Spain may take. If the influence of the
United States Is thrown against the pa
triots they will fall. By denying them
the privilege of our markets and leavinc
Spain free to bur arms and ammunition: I
to use against them the people of the*
United States may compel their submis
sion. But if they are treated as civilized
belligerents, waging war under the laws
of war, Spain Is not likely to crush them.,
by mere weight of numbers.
“To secure victory for Cuba,” says Mr.
King, "It is only necessary'for us, In my 1
opinion, to take a single step—that Is to
recognize her belligerency. She will do
the rest-”
The New York World says: “While It
Is not our part to secure victory for either
side, it $ necessary in the Interest of Jus
tioe that we should jrecognlze the facts
of the situation. And it Is a patent fact
that the Cubans are in every sense bel
ligerents, making the same struggle for
freedom and Independence that Ameri
cans made in 1776.”
Recently there was a case in the Eng
lish courts before Lord Esher, the dis
tinguished master of the rolls and one
of the ablest Judges of the kingdom.
It was an appeal In a damage suit against
a Judge who had harassed and Imprison
ed Dr. Anderson.
Dr. Anderson, the appellee before the
Court of Appeals, reports the case as
I submitted to the master of the rolls,
who wa3 presiding. “Then, if your lord
ship were to order a policeman In court
to bring up to you on the bench a man
from the body of the court, and your
lordship were then to strike the man in
the face, would the stiIking be a Judicial
act?” And his lordship replied that It
would be a Judicial act. » • * On Au
gust 7, reverting to the point your pe
titioner had submitted as to whether
striking a man In the face would be a
Judicial act, Lord Esher said: "If I were
to order a barrister In court to sit down,
and he did not, and I shot at him and
killed him, I much doubt if proceeedngs
for murder would lie against me.”
Of course, the case is purely hypothet
ical, but the assertion is not the less
extraordinary on that account. The ques
tion of constructive contempt pales to In
significance beside it. The inference
from Lord Esher's remarks was that
Judgo Boyd might have capped his pur
suit of Anderson by shooting him dead
without suffering the ordinary legal pen
alties for murder.
It would be interesting to have the
opinion of lawyers and Judges on this
declaration of Judicial immunity.
The bimetallists at Huntsville were not
to be snowed under by Secretary Herbert
and had the ifon. Jesse Stallings on the
ground to show up the other side of the
question. The Huntsville Tribune has
the following reference to his speech:
Among the incidents of Mr. Stallings
speech which lent to a peculiar seasoning
were the interlocutory remarks by BUI
Rowe, the sage of Triana. The speaker
was paying his respects to Secretary
Herbert and Rowe came In on a pause
with the observation: "He may know
how to build a warship, but he doesn't
know anything about finance.” Shouts
of laughter greeted the remark.
The speech delivered last evening by
Hon. Jesse Stallings was a complete re
futation and answer to all the asser
tions, for they were not arguments, made
by Secretary Herbert on yesterday. In
other words, Mr. Stallings showed clearly
that he was for America, not indirectly
a striker for English capital. It required
not even his artistic hand to show that
Wall street was nearer and in closer sym
pathy with England than with America.
From his logical argument Ills hearers
were convinced that the recent blow
made at the money of the people was in
the interest of England and at its sug
gestion. Mr. Stallings was frequently
applauded. It is almost unnecessary for
us to say that his speech came up to the
highest expectations of his friends, and
was In all particulars eminently satisfac
tory. giving the free silver movement a
boost which will send it bounding on Its
way to success. Mr. Stallings, accom
panied by Judge Richardson and several
friends, left this morning to deal goldbug
gery another blow at Scottsboro.
The Democratic tariff is not all that
the party expected, but it is asserting its
vast superiority « over the Republican
tariff, (which was put through under
whip and spur when Harrison became
President and when Mr. McKinley was
leader of the House. The New York
World says:
As every one knows, the McKinley bill
was drawn to increase taxes and de
crease revenues. It made duties high to
prevent importation. Having discovered
that the annual revenue from the Wilson
bill amounts to $2..1« per capita, against
only $1.90 per capita under the higher
duties of the McKinley bill, the Tribune
makes the preposterous assertion that
this increase is "drawn from the pockets
of the people.”
In the very next column, however, it
advertises a variety of goods at Wilson
bill prices, and in doing so utterly re
futes its claim that the Increase in rev
enue Is an increase in taxes. When under
the McKinley law did it ever offer at 73
cents a yard such "body Brussels car
pet with border” ns it is now offering?
When under Republican tariff duties did
it ever invite the public to buy a suit of
cheviot for $in as it is doing now?
Instead of doing anything of the kind
it contended that "a. cheap coat makes
a cheap man.” That was absurd but
logical McKInieylsm. and it will either
have to go back to it or refuse to take
advertisements offering the public low
tariff bargains at Wilson-blU prices.
Mr. Edward Atkinson, writing on “The
Signs of the Times" in the Engineering
Magazine, gives us a forecast of great in
dustrial activity In the United States,
especially in the matter of railway build
ing. He says: “Dating from January 1,
ISM!, it will become necessary to add rail
road mileage to our present service at the
rate of not less than 6000 or 6000 miles a
year for many years to come, in order to
give a partly adequate service to these
very productive areas of our national do
main. which are now suffering from their
own discredit. Not less than 100,000
miles of new railroad must be construct
ed in the next fifteen or twenty yeacs.
Tlds extension will not consist of great
through lines, which may be called the
warp of our system, but of cross lines
and connections which make the weft.”
To substantiate his charge that a mop
ey power exists Representative Howard
in his book quotes Chauncey M. Depew
as follows: “Fifty men of these United
States have it in their power, by reason
of the wealth which they control, to come
together within twentyrfour hours and
arrive at an understanding by which ev
ery wheel of trade and commerce may
be stopped from revolving, every avenue
of trade blocked and every eleotric key
struck dumb. Those fifty men can par
alyze the whole country, for they con
trol the circulation of the currency and
create oanlc whenever they will.”
Talks With Leaders From DifFerfl
ent Sections,
Colonel Thornton of Greene, Attorney Ellison of
Bibb and Prominent Tuskaloosians
Express Opinions.
The further ray Investigation extended
among the leading democrats of Tuska
loosa the more hopeful appeared the out
look for party victory In the election of
Col. Harry S. Thornton came In from
Greene county while I was in the city and
brought with him a splendid report of the
situation in that democratic stronghold.
Colonel Thornton said that while he was
a staunch supporter of Colonel Oates In
the last election, that he will In 1S9B de
vote his energies and influence to the
hearty support of Captain Johnston. He
said he believed the captain to be beyond
doubt the strongest man In the party in
the coming battle, and that ht would
easily win the nomination over any can
didate the opposing faction could offer.
He believed that the voters of the state
are ready to tender the governorship to
him on account of his party record.
Hon. J. J| Mayfield said: “X am an ad
ministration democrat and an advocate
of sound money. X believe the financial
problem Is a national Issue and should
be eliminated from politics. If this ques
tion la set aside I will support Captain
Johnston for governor in 1896. While I
differ from him on this, principle I do
not fail to recognize his a*bility, integrity
and honesty of purpose. I think he
should be the next governor of Alabama.”
Capt. John S. Kennedy is an able ad
vocate of tlie old democratic faith and
a staunch supporter of Captain John
Capt. G. W. VanHOose, register In
chancery, and a brother of Mayor Van
Hoose of this city is an ardent advocate
of the free coinage of silver and an en
thusiastic supporter of Captain John
ston. He said: "I have no faith in a
stall-fed dollar. I believe in the athletic
dollar, the dollar that circulates."
Attorney Henry A. Jones, of the firm
of Jones & Mayfield, is an ardent admirer
of Captain Johnston, and believes that
he will be successful in 1896 beyond doubt,
should he be a candidate for the nomina
^ tion.
Attorney J. W. Carson is an enthusias
tic advocate of the free coinage of silver,
and takes pleasure in enumerating the
virtues of Captain Johnston.
Attorney J. T. Ellison of Rtbb county
came up from Tuskaloosa to his home
at Certrevllle yesterday and spoke en
couragingly of the condition in his sec
tion. He said: “I do not agree with
Captain Johnston on the money question
and was a supporter of Colonel Oates In
. 1894, but I am an outspoken Johnston
man for 1896, and can name many promi
nent men in Bibb who feel as I do. Cap
tain Johnston can do the party more
good in my section than any man in
Alabama. I hope he will be a candidate."
During my visit to Tuskaloosa I did
not meet with a single democrat who
raised his voice against Jefferson coun
ty's distinguished citizen. On the other
hand every man with whom I talked ex
pressed a desire for Captain Johnston to
announce his candidacy.
Returns From the Exposition—Visits Fruithurst.
May Not Run for State Senator.
Hon. Hector D. Lane, commissioner of
agriculture, was in the city yesterday
on his return from the Atlanta ex
position to his home in Athens.
He stopped over at Fruithursf yester
day and took in that new town. He says
that the mountain hills around Fruit
hurst are being- torn up in such a man
ner that an old settler would not recog
nise them; that vineyards are being
planted, with all kinds of fruit trees and
berries addicted to this climate. He is
highly pleased with the prospects of
Fruithurst, ami thinks it destined to be
one of the greatest fruit points in the
Relative to the Alabama exhibit at
the exposition, Mr. Lane says that the
mineral display has never been excelled,
but that the agricultural department is
not up to the standard, but that it is
getting in exhibits daily and hopes yet
to make a very creditable display; that
considerable space was allotted to the
ladies, and their failure to come up had
greatly retarded the arrangement, it be
ing too late to fill the space left with
proper exhibits, notwithstanding a great
many had been turned off to accommo
date this special ladies’ department.
As to politics, Mr. Lane says he has
about determined not to enter the race
for state senator; that, being an advocate
of free silver, he had hoped to compro
mise the factions of his district, but that
he was meeting with opposition from
tlie capital on account of having a head
like Collin’s rant, and that he has about
concluded not to enter the race.
Lust Week of Circuit Court—Laying of the
Corner Stone—New Boat.
Guntersville. Oct. 14.—(Special Corre
spondence.)—This is the last week of the
three weeks’ session of circuit court at
this place. The criminal docket is taken
up today. The grand jury adjourned
last Saturday, and reported a finding of
twenty-seven Indictments. As nearly all
of these are for misdemeanors, it shows
an improved condition of our county in
matters of general behavior.
The corner-stone of the new court
house at this place is to be laid today,
with appropriate ceremonies.
The government work on the Tennes
see river is progressing very well at
Gunter’s reef, and at Beard’s reef, near
Gunter's landing. The present low stage
of water contributes largely to the con
venience of this work. .
It is reported that W. M. Todd and
Simp McKee of Decatur are going to
put a new boat, which they are building
pear the mouth of Eik river, into the
trade between Chattanooga and Deca
tur. If this is true It will give the Ten
nessee River Transportation company
live competition.
The property, real and personal, of the
Columbus City Mining, Manufacturing
and Development company was sold by
the register in chancery, under a decree
of the chancery court, at this place, last
Wednesday, and bid In by Capt. S. C.
Capt. Joseph F. Johnston addressed the
people of this county on the subject of
finance at this place today. He is a
strong man in Marshall and received a
hearty welcome.
Cold Weather Gone.
Ward's coal yard can furnish coal and
wood on short notice. They have the
best coal for summer use in the market.
Buy from them and you will not com
plain. Will also put coal In for winter.
Telephone 487. 7-19-tf
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov’t Report
What the Brethren of the Press Have to Say of
the Change.
Mobile Evening- News: The owners of
the Birmingham State hfltye bought the
Age-Herald, lock, stock and barrel. And
“the silver craze is dead."
Birmingham Times: The State has ab
sorbed the Age-IIerald and It is now the
State Herald. We trust the new man
agement will make the paper a financial
• * •
La Fayette Sun: The State and the
Age-Herald of Birmingham have consoli
dated and henoeforth will be the State
Herald, with a full corps of writers. Suc
cess to the State Herald.
• • •
Ozark Star: The Birmingham State
has purchased the Age-Herald, and now
has morning Journalism in Birmingham
all to itself. The name of the paper is the
State Herald. The policy of the paper
will be the same as was the State before
the consolidation.
* • •
Gadsden Tribune: This morning the
Birmingham State Herald reaches us, a
consolidation of the Daily State and the
Age-Herald. The State Herald comes
out boldly for the cause of silver and
the interests of the common masses of
the common people.
Carrollton News: The editorial page of
the Birmingham! Age-Herald last Thurs
day indicated a decided change of senti
ment by that paper upon the financial
question. Heretofore it has been ultra
gold bug, while its tone Thursday wtus
decidedly bimetallic. Let the good -work
goon. . , .
Oneonto News-Dispatch: The Bir
mingham Daily State has purchased the
Birmingham Age-Herald, which no lon
ger exists. The new paper will be known
as the State Herald. The cuckoo press
kept telling their readers that ‘'the sil
ver craze is dying out.'* All the indica
tions prove the contrary.
Baldwin Times: The Birmingham
State carries everything before it. Last
week it took its gold bug competitor, the
Age-Herald, in out of the wet and is now
published as the State Herald. May i
live and continue to prosper until every
gold bug sheet In the state seeks protec
tion under the shadow of its silvery
Carrollton News: The Daily State,
the silver paper of Birmingham, has
purchased the gold bug Age-Her
ald, and It will be known here
after as the State Herald. It will advo
cate free and unlimited coinage of silver
at a ratio of 16 to 1. Why, of course the
silver craze is dying out. Just let er
keep on dying some more.
Clayton Courier: The Birmingham
State has bought the Age-Herald, and
now it is the only morning daily in the
city. It advocates free silver as hereto
fore. And besides it is one of the news
iest and most promising papers in Ala
bama. Its title is now the State Herald.
We wish the enterprise much success,
and believe it will attain It. t
Collinsville Clipper: The proprietors of
the Birmingham Daily State have bought
the Birmingham Age-Herald and the two
papers have been consolidated and will
appear in the future as the Birmingham
State Herald. It starts out with flatter
ing prospects and the Clipper believes
the new' manager will make the State
Herald one of the leading dailies of the
Greenville Living Truth: The Birming
ham State has bought out the Age-Her
ald, and the papers are consolidated un
der the name of the State Herald. It is
a free silver Johnston democratic sheet,
and will swallow the single gold stand
ard if the silver forces are routed in the
national convention. It is now’ the neat
est daily typographically published in
the state.
Oakman News: The Daily State Pub
lishing: company having bought the Age
Herald, that paper now poses as the Bir
mingham State Herald. They have a
clear field for a morning paper and will
take full advantage of such a brilliant
field. The State Herald stands second to
none of the Alabama dailies, and will
champion the cause of free silver at the
1G to 1 policy.
Shelby Sentinel: The Birmingham Age
Herald has changed hands again. This
time it has been purchased by the own
ers of the Daly State. The new name has
been changed to the State Herald, with
Col. Joseph Hodgson as editor in chief
and Mr. James H. Nunnellee as business
manager. The new management will
advocate free silver, but outlines a liberal
and conservative policy.
« • •
Sheffield Reaper: The Birmingham
Age-Herald has been sold to the Bir
mingham State company. The price
paid, according to specials, was $20,000.
In consequence the State retires and the
Birmingham State Herald takes its place.
It is not, of course, a gold standard pa
per. Colonel Hodgson is editor-in-chief
and the trenchant blade of the “Little
Napoleon” will still flash at the head of
the column of the silver hosts In Ala
bama. Now let the Montgomery Adver
tiser follow the wise example of the Age
Herald. It Is the way for democrats to
get together.
Selma Journal: There has been some
thing said about swallowing in connec
tion with the late transaction between
the State and the Age-Herald, and the
query has been, which paper has swal
lowed the other. The question is settled;
there can be no doubt that the State has
swallowed the Age-Herald entirely, and
it reminds us of a good one on an Irish
man a few days since. Pat was stagger
ing down the street, bent double, holding
his hand on his diaphragm and with an
intense expression on his countenance,
when he was met by Dennis. "And
fwat’s the matter wld ye. Pat?” said Den
nis. "Och. Dennis, and I've swallowed a
pertaty bug and took a dose of parls
green to kill him, and they are having a
divil of a time of it in me atomic.” Our
esteemed contemporary, the State, has
swallowed a gold bug. We trust its di
gestive organs are suffering no Incon
venience from the performance.
There will be a meeting of the woman’s
auxiliary of the Young Men’s Chrlstinn
association today at 3 o’clock at the
Young Men's Christian association build
ing. All the members are earnestly re
quested to be present.
MRS. JAMES BRUCE, Secretary.
Young gentlemen having ambition to
play orchestral or band instruments of
any kind should consult Professor Weber
at the Birmingham College of Music.
Splendid opportunity.
A Correspondent Gives the Cause of the Trou
ble in Detail—Their Position Supported '
by the Best Citizens.
Warrior, Oct. 14.—(Special Correspond
ence.)—Your Sunday paper contains an
article from a correspondent which
places the miners on a strike at Warrior
in rather a bad light', and I beg space to
contradict some of the statements made.
It is true that the miners were being
paid 50 cents per ton and that they are
demanding 70 cents per ton. The Pratt
mines price for digging coal is 45 cents
per ton, but the difference in the size -if
the two veins of coal is the reason why
the Warrior men demand so much moro
than the Pratt mines men receive. The
coal at Warrior runs from 2 feet 2 Inches
in thickness to 2 feet 8 Inches, besides a
band of dirt which averages from 6 to
18 inches in thickness. The Pratt mines
coal runs from 4 to 5 feet in thickness,
with only a few inches of dirt, sometimes
none at all. When the Pratt mine3 scale
•was 45 cents a ton two years ago, as it Is
now, the Warrior price was 70 cents a
ton. During the latter part of 1893 the
Warrior men got a reduction of 10 cents
a ton, and again, at the beginning of 1894
got another reduction of 10 cents, leav
ing the price 60 cents. The Pratt mines
scale was reduced from 45 cents to 37Mj>
cents after the strike, which concluded
in August, 1894. Since that time the Pratt
scale has come back to 45 cents through
the Increased business In the Iron mar
ket. It will thus be seen the Warrior men
tOfere reduced some time before the rest
of the miners in the county, and where
every mine in the state has received an
advance back to the old figure of 1893 the
Warrior men have received none. The
Warrior coal is much harder to dig than
Pratt’s and the men cannot make a liv
ing at 60 cents. The difference in the
size of the veins causes the difference in
price to make up for the disparity in con
it 13 aosoiuteiy untrue that the 6l>u
miners have lost an average of $C0 each
during the thirty days past, an aggre
gate of $30,000.” The average per man
for the last month worked at Warrior be
fore the strike was only $15 per month
per man. This may seem Incredulous,
but it Is nevertheless true. During the
past year the average at Warrior has
not been over $20 per month. What fools
these men at Warrior must be to strike
for an advance In wages when they are
already making $00 per month. There is
no mine in this state where til* average
per man will reach $60 per month, and
then the Warrior coal field, except ore
mine, is behind all the rest of the state.
The mine mentioned is one where the
advance demanded has been given since
the strike began.
Your correspondent also states that
“meager supplies for strikers are being
sent up from sympathizers at other
points.” I am in a position to know thaC
during the past two weeks supplies for
the Warrior strikers have been far from
meager, and although only bread and
meat may be forthcoming in the supplies,
yet plenty of that is on hand, with more
to follow.
I wish to state that miners any more
than any other class of workmen do not
strike for fun, nor do they suspend work
and see their wives and children suffer
because there is any hilarity or amuse
ment in the proceeding. They strike be
cause necessity drives them to it, as my
figures will show. Negotiations were go
ing on for one month between the men
and the opepators before the strike was
called, in the hope of a settlement being
made, but as none was reached the men
were forced to take the step they did. %
In conclusion I will state that advices
from Warrior tell me that not over sixty
men are at work, who are leaving as fast
as they can. The merchants at Warrior,
the farmers of that vicinity and the min
ers of the state are supporting the War
rior strike, because they know their
grievance is a just one, and if your cor
respondent was an unbiased one the facts
I have given would have been sent by him
and not such statements as the article
in your paper contains. Respectfully
Will Harris Falls Under an Engine and Is
Trimmed Up to the Trunk.
A most horrible death occurred at Bes
semer about dark yesterday afternoon.
Will Harris, a negro comparatively un
known In the city, was loafing around
the new furnace and was riding on the
engine that carries off the slag. In his
attempt to get off of the engine he fell
under the wheels, which passed over him,
cutting off both legs and right arm. Ho
was picked up and carried to the city,
where medical attention was given.
A telephone message last night stated
that there was no possible chance for
his recovery.
The entire blame is attributed to Har
ris himself.
A Negro Shot in the Leg, But Not Seriously
Selma. Oct. 14.—(Special Correspond
ence.)—Selma was the scene of a shoot
ing scrape this morning. About 8 o’clock
Bu Lockhart met a desperate negro on
the street and an altercation ensued In
which Lockhart shot the negro In the
leg. The wound was only slight.
General Missionary Convention, Dallas,
Tex.. Oct. 18-25, 1895.
For this occasion the Southern railway
will sell tickets. October 16, at one first
class limited fare for the round trip.
Tickets limited to return until October
30, 1895. _10-9-til oc!7
Highest Honors—World's Fair*.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Fre#
(torn Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant

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