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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, October 22, 1895, Image 4

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Entered at the postofflce at Birmingham,
Ala., as Eecpnd-class matter.
Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Build
ing New York; Western Business Office, 509
“The Rookery/* Chicago. S. C. Beckwith,
Bole Agent Foreign Advertising.
Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers
. desire to have their papers changed, they
must specify where the paper Is now going
and where they wish it changed to. Watch
the label on your paper and see when your
time expires.
The State Herald will appreciate news
from any community. If at a small place
where it has no regular correspondent,
news reports of neighborhood happenings
from any friend will be gratofully received.
All communications, of whatever charac
ter or length, should be written on only one
side of the sheet.
Business Office.B®
Editorial Rooms.
All calls after 9 o'clock p. m. should be
sent to the Editorial Rooms.
The convention of operators and miners
which was held at Pittsburg last week
adopted the following resolutions:
"Whereas, It is believed that the opera
tion of stores in connection with mining
has resulted in great injury to the mu
tual interests of operators and miners;
but many operators who have heretofore
kept stores have discontinued doing so
under the agreement of August 2. We
recognize the many difficulties to be met
with by operators in the disposition of
their stores without loss; therefore be it
Resolved. That all stores owned by coal
companies and known as company stores
be abolished on or before January 1, 1896.
Mine owners, superintendents, mine
clerks or bosses shall not either directly
or Indirectly be interested in connection
with suoh stores.”
Speaking of these resolutions a prom
inent operator, Mr. DeArmtt, said;
“True uniformity is the payment of so
many cents, in cash, for 2000 pounds of
coal. That is the whole question. We
may talk as much as we choose, but the
entire problem is solved in that. It is
when we departed from that simple prop
osition that we got into difficulties. When
we talk of screens, limits of weights,
payment in store orders, we strike phases
of the question that make trouble.
These things enter Into the problem, but
whether screens are ofi 1% or 5 Inches the
result should be that the miners earn the
Same as if the coal went over a blind
Screen and the operators are given the
"YVihile some operators pay in cash, and
others in store orders, there can be no
uniformity. The price of coal then de
pends upon the price of calico, or bacon,
or molasses. In other words, it Is worth
po much calico or flitch, or molasses, to
(Jig a ton of coal. With the operator who
keeps a store the price of coal does not
depend upon the price.of mining’. If It
did, coal would not be sold for 10 and 15
cents a ton below the cost of mining, as
has been the case In Pittsburg during
the past year. In competition with the
Storekeepers the operator who pays In
cash must adjust his rates on a lower ba
sis. Then the storekeeper sees that ho
has no advantage and down goes the
rate of mining, or up go prices in his
store, or both, and the cash operator is
(again compelled to readjust Ills rates.
If the stores arc all right, follow out the
logical result to the end and see if the
miners will not be compelled to ask their
employers to raise the price of store
goods. The fact is the store operator
with the highest priced goods has the
lowest priced coal. He, therefore, gets
trade when the high priced operator ha*
none. The end of that is, that the miners
who work for the operator who Is losing
trade through the coal sold at cost of
digging will sometime ask their employer
to raise the price of bis store goods, sell
his coal for less and secure work for them.
There must be a limit of competition.
It should lie the cost of production. Ill
the Pittsburg district it has exceeded
that. The cure Is not in the payment of
on apparently higher rate for mining,
with the accompaniment of stores. It
5s the payment of some rate in cash for a
certain amount of coal. If you are deal
ing with tons, I’OOO pounds Is right, not
2500 or 2240,”
Mr PeArmit concluded with a state
ment of the system in force at the New
York and Cleveland company's mines,
and read resolutions adopted by the min
ers of Plum Creek and Oak Ridge Octo
ber ?, The future position of the company
and Its miners, he said, depended upon
the united decision of the district opera
tors. The company was prepared, he
said, to pay any price in cash that might
be agreed upon when the district shall
have established and enforced he condi
tions he had enumerated.
/l, . __— ^ * 1 M re nn ili.ee i I Ana find
upon Mr. DeArmtt’s speech the Pitts
burg' Manufacturer says:
“Of course the most important action
taken was that In relation to company
stores. The question brought out con
siderable bitterness: at times the discus
sion became decidedly personal, but after
all it was for the best, for when all had
relieved themselves by good "jawing,”
the prevailing sentiment in regard to the
system came out. Mr. DeArmlt's state
ments on the question of uniformity in
the dfetrict bore directly on the store
question and he showed that while some
operators pay in cash and others in store
orders, .there can be no really uniform
mining rate in the district. He clearly
demonsrated that under the company
store system the operator with the high
est priced goods gets the lowest priced
coal. It seemed that despite the criti
cisms of Mr. DeArmlt's speech, it was
generally believed that the operation of
stores in connection with coal mining
has resulted in great Injury to the mutual
interests of operators as well as miners.
Consequently, when it was proposed to
• do away with the system within the pres
ent year, the measure met the opproba
tion of both sides. Of course some diffl
• culty must be expected in carrying out
this resolution, but it must finally pre
vail, and with the company store will
be swept out an evil which has caused
. untold trouble in the coal trade.”
Under-production has sent up the price
of cotton, but It looks now as if over-pro
duction wiij send dow’n the prices of
grain. There is great chuckling and a
good deal of proper rejoicing over the
rise in cottoa, but we fail to pity the
farmers who have lost one-third of tlielr
crop by bad seasons. And so we will
chuckle and rejoice over the great crops
ol grain and fail to properly pity the
farmers who will not get living returns
for their labor. Was there ever before
such inconsistencies passing for wisdom?
The New York “Finacial Chronicle”
presents a table of production by States
which puts the total yield of coni for
IMsi up to oi near the highest mark of
the summer forecasts. The figures ,of
yield are based on the acreage and the
latest returns of condition given by the
department of agriculture. A total crop
of 2,372,254.000 bushels Is thus arrived at.
As the department's estimates are of
tener below the mark thanT above it, the
yield of 1895, according to the figuring
may' safely be placed at about 2,400,000,
000 bushels. This beats all records. The
crop being practically out of danger now,
this estimate is likely to stand.
Iowa heads the list 'In corn production
1n 1895, with lllinios second, Missouri
third, Nebraska fourth, Kansas fifth,
and Indiana sixth. The yield of these
States is put at 258,890,000 bushels fol
lows, 238,410,000 for Illinois, 229,849,000 for
Missouri, 168.926,000 for Nebraska, 167,
909.000 for Kansas and 125,761.000 for In
diana. These are the only States with
production up to the 100.000,000 mark.
Last year the yield was 81,344,000 bushels
in Iowa, 169,121,000 in Illinois, 116,000,000
in Missouri, 14,000,000 in Nebraska. 42,
000,000 in Kansas and 97,000,000 In Indiana.
A comparison of these figures with those
of 1895 will show the great gain made tills
year. In the whole country the yield in
1894 was 1,213,000,000 bushels, or only a lit
tle more than half of this year’s product.
But corn is not the only cereal which
has broken all records. Oats have done
this also. The yield of the latter in 1895
is placed at 825.494,000 bushels. Wheat,
loo, though far below the highest reuord,
has turned out better than was expected
a month or two ago, the Chronicle's com
putation, based on the department's .fig
ures of acreage and condition, being 423,
475.000 bushels, against 460,000,000 in 1894,
396.000. 0000 in 1893, 516,000,000 in 1892 and
612.000. 000 in 1895, as compared with 2,
335.000. 000 in 1894, 2,654,000,000 In 1893, 2,
805.000. 000 in 1892 and 3,410,000,000 in 1891.
Whether or not this great yield of grain
means prosperity for the farmer may be
a disputed question, but it is certain to
give us cheap food and plenty of it, and
to swell the receipts of the railroads
which will have to haul more cars and
buy more iron.
If we are ever to have a brush with
England it will be interesting to know
how the lakes can be utilized for gun
boats and how the lake cities can be pro
tected. Speaking of the proposed ship
canal between Lake Erie and the Atlan
tic seaboard Admiral Walker is reported
as describing its advantages as a means
of national defense. His argument is
the trite one that Great Britain could
send her gunboats down the St. Lawrence
and through the Welland and attack the
lake cities, while the United States would
have no means of sending vessels to their
defense. The style of gunboat which
oould go through the 10-foot channels of
the Canadian canal would not be a
very serious menace to the lake cities.
For a small fraction of the money which
a ship cana.1 would cost the lake cities
could be so fortified as to be impregnable
to any such attack.
For that matter there are now scores
of American vessels on the lakes, which,
if fitted up as warships, would be more
than a match for anything the English
could get into the lakes. If necessary
the United States could send through the
Erie canal, when Its channel has been
deepened to 9 feet, as is proposed by the
appropriation to be voted on this fall,
nearly as large gunboats as the English
could get through the 10-foot Canadian
channels. It is a difference of only a
Boies of Iowa declared in a public
speech that if the Democratic party failed
to “inscribe on its banner an unequivocal
demand for the restoration of silver to
the place assigned it by the constitution
of our country, and honestly and consci
entiously stand by its own declaration,
it will require a dispensation of provi
dence to preserve the present status of its
organization in this and many other
Andrew Carnegie, who has just re
turned to this country, says that if Platt,
Quay or Gorman lived in England, “their
iG\?at services would be acknowledged
and they would have a splendid stand
ing.” This is just the sort of an opinion
that might be expected from Andrew
Carnegie, who Is to industry what the
other bosses he names are to politics.
It is reported from Washington that
Secretary Carlisle will recommend in his
annual report an additional tax of $1 a
barrel on beer. If the treasury must have,
certainly and speedily, an added {15,000,
000 to {30,000,000 a year, there Is no bet
ter way to get it.
The amazingly interesting news comes
by cable from Europe that “there is to be
no more rice throwing at English soci
ety weddings,” says the Rochester Post
Express. A substitute has been found
in paper confetti, stamped in many col
Mr. Cleveland has written a very com
plimentary letter to the colored orator,
Booker T. Washington, in which he says:
"I thank you with much enthusiasm for
making that address at the opening of
the Atlanta Exposition.”
During circuit court at Linden Judge
Tyson Informed the jury in a civil case
that could not agree that the county was
only bound to pay hang juries in felony
cases, and they could send to their homes
and get their meads.
Republican attitude in New York State:
We favor the maintenance of the Sunday
laws in the interest of labor and morali
ty; but every big city shall have the priv
ilege of saying what the Sunday laws
shall be.
The reports that Senators Jones and
Stewart of Nevada will soon return to the
Republican party are probably true. On
every issue except that of free silver they
are in harmony with the Republicans.
And once again we find that there was
no killing at Jackson’s Hole. The tale
was told by the same sons of Ananias
who tried to get the Indians In trouble
before, because they wanted their land.
“One of the good things to be said
of Cleveland is that he has converted
three members of his Cabinet to the
sound motley cause,” says the (Jlobe
The new woman seems to get as much
enjoyment out of studying the fall and
winter styles as any of her old-time sis
ters ever did.
About 40 per cent of ali the money that
goes into the United States treasury is
paid out in pensions.
Eugene McCaa of Linden has announc
ed for Congress on the gold standard
Says the Headland Sun: The political
pot has not been stirred In old
Henry yet, but when it is stirred you
may bet there will be a sure enough
The Mobile Herald congratulates the
State Herald: We must congratulate the
Birmingham State Herald on Its Improved
appearance since the change of name.
We have already noted its improved
The Headland Sun says: It is to be
hoped that the various congresses that
sit during the Atlanta exposition will be
of more good to the people at large than
the last two that held down the boards
at Washington.
The right man can get a job on the
Headland Sun:-The man that can saw
wood and Shy nothing will be given a
job at this office as soon as the weather
turns cool again. The last one that
sawed wood for us said too much, es
pecially on pay day.
Rays the Clayton, Barbour county.
Capt. Joseph F. Johnston lias many fol
lowers in the state, and his prospects for
the nomination for governor is very flat
tering. At present, lie leads all other
gent lemon that have been named In con
nection therewith. •
A valuable, milch cow says the Head
land Sun: A simple-hearted country
preacher who had tasted hut few of the
drinks of the world, took dinner with a
high-toned family where a glass of milk
punch was quietly set down at each plate.
In silence and happiness this new Vicar
of Wakefield quaffed his goblet and then
added: "Madam, you should be very
thankful for such a good cow.”
This is one way, says the Mountain
Eagle, to advertise for a wife: >
The editor of a county paper advertises
for a printer who can cook, wi*Fh, do sew
ing. play the piano and receive callers.
Must furnish a certificate of good moral
character, and, if mutually agreeable,
can hold the position for life. This Is one
way to advertise for a wife.
Says the Florence Times:
The State Herald, though under the
same mamagemnt as the State was, is
much more conservative in its policy, and
therein lies Its greater strength. The
mass of the people want sensible argu
ment. and not violent protestations, and
they readily"recognize one from the other.
The State Herald is ably and strongly
Grover Cleveland did this thing. Just
as soon as he got bark to Washington
cotton proceeded to slump in a most im
proved fashion. The Times moves that
ho be carried back to the woods where he
can't,get at it.—Eufaula Times.
Cleveland had nothing to do with the
decline In the price of cotton. The Roths
childs. Wall and Lombard streets don't
tax our president for every little matter.
They may call on him for more bonds af
ter awhile.
The Rridgeport News makes the fol
lowing-reference to Mr. Stallings' speech
at Scottsboro::
We attended the silver convention last
Saturday ait Scottsboro. It was an en
joyable affair. If all silver men are as
fair as these speakers talked, silver men
are not so bad after all. Hon. Jesse F.
Stallings made the best presentation of
his side of the question possible. Ho
seems to be a good man and I admire
him for his standing by his convictions,
■'but the old fellow is mistaken—he is
wrong, that's what’s the matter with
Says the Mountain City Gazette: The
old Mobile Register comes down on the
bit and chews it for wtiat seems to be
irritation and gums: “It begins to look
as if the control of national affairs
would be handed back to the republican
party by a general consent, a sort of ad
mission that a party can't adjust its rev
enues so as to support the government In
times of profound peace is unfit to con
If the democratic party has lost its
grip the responsibility can be traced to
Its own door and personal ambition found
to be the main cause of the distress. The
United States is carrying more light
weight statesmen than at any time since
the north and south concluded to spill
gore over the negro.
Editor Rogers of the Opelika Evening
News, who attended the Alabama press
meeting in this city, speaks thus eheer
ingly of Birmingham in a letter to his pa
We found Birmingham In a more
prosperous condition than when we left
it six months ago. Rents have advanced
about 20 per cent and there are fewer
stores to rent and fewer vacant dwellng
houses. The people are cheerful and con
fident of a bright future for Birmingham.
It Is a delightful residence city. The
people are energetic and liberal, and they
are a warm-hearted people. The cordial
greetings and hearty shaking of the hand
and warm words of welcome back to Bir
mingham made us feel very pleasant and
grateful. WTe shall never forget Birming
The Huntsville Mercury thinks Cap
tain Johnston's position in strict keeping
with his record:
Capt. Joseph F. Johnston, according to
appointment, greeted a large audience
here on Monday last. He discussed the
linanclal question in a plain, careful man
ner, making his arguments sufficiently
simple to be understood by every one
present. His argument was in favor of
free and unlimited coinage of silver.
At the close of the speech he said he
wanted it understood that he was a dem
ocrat, first, last and all the time, and was
not "one of these smart fellows” who
thought himself bigger than the party.
He proposes to stand by the democratic
flag regardless of what financial plank
the party may see fit to adopt. It was a<
good true democratic speech and re
ceived a heaa-ty applause.—Guntersville
Captain Johnston’s remarks are in line:
with Ills letter to the Mercury last spring.
In which he said he would accept silver
legislation alone through the democratic
What a Fair Correspondent Finds to Write
About—Girls’ Industrial School.
Montevallo, Oct. 19.—(Special Corre
spondence.)—Several prominent citizens
of Montevallo were in the Exchange ho
tel in Montgomery last Thursday even
ing when th'e terrific boiler explosion oc
curred. They felt no alarm, and indeed
not much surprise, for they were expeot
ing some dire visitation of the gods upoi4
tfie heads of the trustees of the Indus
trial School for White Girls, and they re
gard It tea a mlracla that.those gentlemen
working against Montevallo escaped with
only shattaced nerves.
Seriously, Montevallo $ould have been
sadly disappointed had this institution
been wrested from her and given to an
other locality, for she fondly hopes to
foster and nourish this educational in
fant into magnificent maturity.
It seema to me, by tha way, that the
outer world knows little of this woodland
beauty—this child of hill and vale, Morite
Valli! What more beautiful and appro
priate name could be bestowed upon the
thriving, busy little town? For "on a
mountain," "in a valley" U literally lies.
and many varied views are to be bad on
every side. Here the rugged grandeur oC
the boulder and the mountain cliff, there
the smiling beauty of the placid vale.
There art< also many pretty homes here,
the shrubbery and rare and blooming
plants surrounding them testifying to the
refinement and culture of the Inmates.
Some of the residences are Indeed beau
tiful modern structures that would grace
the streets of any city, and much to their
credit the people here, I believe, without
exception own their own homes, which
they Improve and beautify year after
year. Hut after all, the people and not
the brick and mortar make a town, and
the families of Montevallo are among the
very best in Alabama. The only draw
back is there are not many of them.
Some of the most prominent public men
of the state were reared here and have
gone to other places to make fame and
wealth for themselves and to serve their
state in various capacities.
The late lamented Burwell Roykin,
than whom no man was ever more wide
ly known and loved throughout Ala
bama. spent his early manhood here. He
now lies In a quiet spot of one of Tuska-'.
loosa’s beautiful cemeteries, having died
while president of our State university.
Rx-Governot^Cobb and many other
noted men once called this plr.ee horn12.
It may bevsupposed that these gentle
men considered Montevallo a good place
to move away from, but all the good cit-l
izens have by no manner of means de
serted the old town. Here reside the
Careys, the Reynolds, the Hymans, the
McConanghys, the Vandergrlfts, the La
thams. the Nabers, and many other fam
ilies prominent in political, commercial
and social circles.
Mr. W. F. Aldrich, prominent in repub
lican politics, has a magnificent suburban
home here, where he and his handsome
wife entertain in lavish and elegant style.
Montevallo was for many years pre
ceding tho war and still Is a noted trad
ing point for farmers from the surround
ing counties. Here they receive the high
est price for their cotton and other pro
duce and pay the lowest for their sup
plies. As a consequence the merchants
do an immense business all the year
round, and we never hear any complaint
of hard times hereabouts.
The Stae Herald is widely read here
and considered an abF paper! but—“tell
it not in Gath"—to a man Montevalloans
are “gold bugs” and upholders of the ad
ministration. You see these men have
lived here all their lives. They believe
In the adage “a rolling stone gathers no
moss." and they have a thriving business
year in and year out. and as they jingle
the shining coin in their pockets or store
it away for future use they declare that
the gold dollar is good enough for them.
As for myself I am not at all particular
what form of currency our country takes.
It may be gold or silver, either or both,
tin of sordid Iron, or fragile paper, so
long as I can get enough of it to smooth
over the rough places of life and make
the world brighter for my fellow travel
Tills is the land of the walnut,, the
chestnut, the “skaly bark" and the goob
er—not the peanut, the render, nor the
groundpea, but the regular fat goober,
that Is brother or sister or some such
near relation to the big Georgia goober.
We spend the afternoons of these glo
rious days of the Indian summer In ex
plaining the words, with health, pleasure
and Incidentally nuts as an incentive.
We become entangled in and finally sur
mount the mysteries of the ‘‘worm
fence;” we creep cautiously under barbed
wire; we scramble through briar patches,
and scale rugged heights. At last we
reach the forest, with all its varied
growth of magnificent timber, its wealth
of coloring in all the rich autumnal dyes
and Its abundance of nuts and "slm
mons.” We wade through beds or aro
matic ferns and press under foot the
oarpetng of mint and catnip until the
air Is laden with the odors of ‘‘Araby,
the blest." We regale ourselves with the
lusclons, juicy persimmon, while the boys
throw a stick or two Into a nearby wal
nut tree. Down comes a perfect shower
of nuts in such artistic green and gold
it seems a shame to rob them of their
outer covering. Hut the little colored
boy who awaits our bidding is regardless
of beauty when so rich a treasure as the
"goody" of a walnut Is to be reached. So
h.o seats himself among the soft brown
leaves and with a convenient stone in
hand mercilessly crushes and removes
the fragrant outer hull and then a large
basket Is filled with thorough, black nuts
and "Jeems” deposits it upon that safe
and level head of his and we wend our
way homeward through the gloaming,
thanking God in our hearts for the beau
ties in this beautiful earth.
lam Invited to take part in a ‘"possum
hunt" some weird, dark night in the near
future. When I catch my ’possum I
shall send him to the State Herald force.
Circuit Court in Hnle-The Tumble in Price
of Cotton Depressing.
Gire-f/nsboro. Oct. 21.—(Special Corre
spondence.)—The circuit court for Hale,
after a .session of three weeks, in which
much business was disposed of, adjourn
ed on Saturday. There were seven con
victions, all to hard labor. One of these
convictions was for larceny of a silver
dollar, which gyres to Strove that the sil
ver craze is not entirely played out.
Tile tumble In the price of cotton has
had a depressing effect upon our commu
nity, as many people expected 10-cent
cotton. Bint so long as there is plenty of
sorghum, cow peas, potatoes, goobers
and other food crops, people can live
without high pricecl cotton. Nearly ev
ery farmer, both white and black, has
raised some meat, and a good proportion
of this class will have sufficient to do
them another year. In other words, this
county is rapidly getting upon a self sup
porting basis, thanks to low priced cot
ton. When it does the era of prosperity
will set in, and we will have what nature
intended it should be, one of the most
prosperous countries on the faoe of the
globe. Cotton Is nearly all gathered,
nothing but scraping of the Acids ieft.
The housing of the corn and potatoes Is
now in order, and in a few weeks the till
ers of the soil will begin thejr prepara
tions for another crop. The rame system
of planting that has been in vogue fur
years past will be continued, that Is, the
system of renting the lands to the freed
uien for cotton. It is very seldom that
money rent is paid in this section. The
low price of cotton has forced land own
ers to rent for cotton to enable their ten
ants to get advances.
Mrs. A1 Stollenwerek, who has been
very ill for several days, la improving,
and her many friends hope she is on the
road to a speedy recovery. Mr. J. Y.
Webb is also recovering from a serious
spell of sickness.
Mrs. James M. Jack, one of our most es
timable ladies, after a lingering illness,
died a few days ago. The Methodist
church of this place has lost this year
three of its moat prominent and useful
lady members, Mrs. Jack. Mrs. Lawson
and Mrs. Gelaler, which Is a heavy blow
to the church.
Herbert Evans and wife and Miss Kath
leen Walker left this morning for Atlanta
to take in the exposition. Very fen' per
sons from this place have as yet visited
the exposition, and we have heard of very
few who intend to go.
Mrs. Mary Pickens, and family have re
turned from an extended trip north this
Mrs. Alphons© Stollenwesfck, Jr., has re
turned from a trip t» Biloxi.
Cold Weather Gone.
Ward’s coal yard can furnish coal and
■wood on short notice. They have tfie
best coal for summer use in the market.
Buy from them and you will not com
plain. Will also put coal in for winter.
Telephone Off.. 7-19-tf
Chicago proposes to tax the horse meat
business out of existence.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov’t Report
The last issue of the Sheffield Standard
contained thirty-one mortgage sale ad
Headland Sun: There is nothing better
for stock and cattle than a good rye
patch. Sow one.
Headland Sun: Our farmers are feel
ing good over their big cribs full of corn
and big fat hogs.
Headland Sun: If you have got
your hogs in the field, be sure that they
have plenty of water.
The Conecuh Record reports only three
Inmates of the county poor house—one
white woman and two negro men.
Monroe Journal: Mr. W. R. Wiggins,
living about seven miles north of Monroe
ville. had the misfortune to lose his
dwellng by fire on last Monday night.
Headland Sun: The various guano fac
tories can begin to get their aromatic
earth sacked up. The cotton farmer
alms to hit her heavy next year, we re
gret to say.
Opelika News: The Advertiser of yes
terday contains the announcement that
Mr. W. G. Campbell, who was shot here
some weeks ago is lying dangerously ill
at the residence of his uncle in that city,
and was not expected to live.
Eufaula Times: Many steam and
water ginneries in this county have been
forced to suspend operations for lack of
water. The protracted drought has
caused many water courses to dry up.
A good rain is needed throughout this
entire section.
Tuskegee Reporter: We hear people
talk occasionally about how cheap they
can buy corn, but what us town folks
want to know is when the price of meal
wdll fall a few points. It makes us real
sad to hear of corn selling for 35 cents
a bushel when we have to pay 20 cents for
a peck of meal.
People's Advocate, Ashland: The house
of Mrs. Linda Heath, a widow, Mary and
Martha Haynes, who live a few miles
north of town, was burned to the ground
Monday night. The unfortunate women
were unable to save but a few articles
of clothing. About a bale of seed cotton
was also destroyed.
Monroe Journal: A new species of com
has been introduced from Peru. The
grains are four times larger than ordi
nary corn, and the plant is very prolific,
yieldixxg ears of enormous size, It grows
wild in Mexico and is called "zea tuni
cata,” or "clothed com,” for the l’eason
that each individual grain is covered
with a shuck.
Sheffield Standard: The Birmingham
State Herald is informed that a repre
sentative of a large cotton mill in Massa
chusetts will come to Alabama next week
with a view of locating a mill. Just send
that representative to Sheffield and let
him inspect the most beautiful and other
wise desii-able cotton mill site in the
south. Here he will And the healthful
ness, the climate, water and fuel, schools
and churches, and what else may be
needed, not omitting the raw material.
Huntsville Argus: Mr. John McCalley,
county surveyor, who returned yesterday
from a survey in the neighborhood of
Monrovia, reports that the farmers along
the road are very busy picking cotton
and that about three-fourths of the crop
has been gathered, that the pike lately
built on the Thompson Mill road is In
splendid condition, that in passing over
them one can not detect that portion of
the pikes graded by the improved road
grader purchased by the commissioners,
and that which was built by means of the
plow, shovel and scraper, the former
shows a much neater and smoother road
bed. From present < appearances he
thinks the farmers of Monrovia neighbor
hood need not dread any longer the usual
bottomless winter mud holes. He also
reports the sudden death of a Miss Tay
lor, who was only sick ten or fifteen min
utes before her death night befoie last.
Conecuh Record: Perhaps the boldest
robbery yet recorded in the annals of
this county was committed in the quiet
little town of Relleville on Monday af
ternoon of this week. Mr. A. R. Knight,
a highly respected citizen of that neigh
borhood, came into the store of Newton
& Son to make some purchases. He
pulled out his pocketbook, which contain
ed about *10 in cash. an<j was in the act of
paying for what he had bought, when his
attention was attracted by a piece of
goods on the counter and he turned to
look at It. In the meantime Tom Nel
son, colored, snatched the pocketbook
from the counter, and giving the signal to
a partner, Joe Brannon, both started off
on a run. Chase was immediateyl given
by several white citizens, who firtally suc
ceeded In capturing Joe Brannan, who
was promptly lodged in jail here by Mr.
J. W. Gaston. Tom Nelson escaped with
the money and has not yet been heard
from. He is a mulatto, weighing about
150 pounds, and has his right thumb bit
In Dadeville—Mr. R. J. Ingsom and
>]iss Mattie McIntosh.
In Mobile—Mr. Asa Holt Reid to Miss
Mary F^Murray.
At Stevenson—Mr. Oscar Brown and
Miss Nannie Allison.
In Chilton county—Mr. Perry Wester
and Miss H. E. Strippling.
Near Pronto, Pike county—Mr. O. F.
Carroll and Miss Copeland.
Death’s Doings.
In Russellville—George Underwood.
Near Haneeville on the 15th Instant—
Mrs. Mahala Adams, wife of I. F. Adams.
At Fincliburg, Monroe county—Dr. Ray
Fountain. '
In Boaz—Little daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Killingsworth.
In Demopoiis—Mr. John Smith, aged 88.
In Randolph county—J. H. Orr.
In Madison—Elliott Chambers Cmte.
In Tuskegee—Ellen. 3-year-oid daugh
ter of Mr. J. F. Dowdell.
In LeFayette—Leona, daughter of Mr.
and Mi s. C. L. ‘Adams.
In Jackson county—Mr. Walter R. Da
A Murderer Sent Up for Twenty Years.
Dry Weather.
Seale, Oct. 21.—(Special.)—The case
against Will Wilson, a young white man
of Girard, Ala., for the murder of Po
liceman Jackson, was tried n the circuit
court here last week. The jury, after
being out two hours, brought In a verdict
of murder in the second degree with
twenty years in the penitentiary as pun
Purify your blood, tone up the system
and the digestive organs by taking
Hood's Sarsanarilla.
Things Political — Happy Marriage — Tho
State Herald Appreciated.
Tuskaloosa, Oct. 21.—(Special Cor
respondence.)—Things political are quiet
in this city. Merchants and business men
of all classes are busy, and the farmers
are marketing their products rapidly.
Business seems to be improving and
witlial our people are happy.
Society has not been ao dull, however,
as one of Tuskaloosa's fairest daughters,
Miss Annie Baurle Clements, was mar
ried on Wednesday night last to Lieut.
Sterling Price Adams of the United
States Army. The wedding ceremony
was performed in the First Methodist
Church of this city by Rev. John-D. Simp
son and was witnessed by u multitude of
friends, who wished for the bridal couple
unalloyed happiness. After the ceremony
a reception was given at the home of the
bride's father, Col. N. N. Clements, and
Mr. and Mrs. Adams received the con
gratulations of a host of friends. The
bride and groom left on the 12:30 train
for Atlanta and other points before tak
ing up their permanent abode in Fort
Riley, Kas., where Lieutenant Adams Is
Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Verner have re
turned from an extended bridal tour and
were on Thursday night last tendered a
magnificent reception at the residence of
Prof. W. H. Verner and many friends
were present to extend a cordial greeting
to the newly wedded couple.
Attorney-General William C. Fitts
spent a day with Tuskaloosa friends
during the past week.
Mr. W. W .Prude, father of Circuit
Clerk J. O. Prude, died at his residence
in this county the early part of the week
and was buried with Masonic honors.
Mr. Prude was a good citizen and his
numerous friends throughout the state
will hear of his death with sadness.
Mr. F. J. Spratling, of Birmingham,
lias been In tho city for the past week
visiting his brother, Rev. L. O. Dawson.
The Tuskaloosa Female College, under
the efficient management of Rev. John
D. Simpson, received fifteen new board
era during the past few days. This In
stitution is in a flourishing condition.
Gen. George D. Johnston Is in Atlanta
attending the meeting of Confederate vet
erans who are in session, devising means
by which the history of the Confederacy
can be properly had and kept.
Mr. Thomas J. Countlss. one of our
most enterprising and thrifty farmers, is
preparing to leave Tuskaloosa county to
take up his residence in Madison county.
We commend him to the people of Madi
son county as a loyal democrat, a good
citizen and progressive farmer.
The bridge across the Warring is about
completed or Is in such a state of com
pletion that wagons can cross now in
stead of at the ferry.
The State Herald meets, with favor in
Tuskaloosa, and we believe it will be the
best daily in this country under its pres
ent management.
Dunlap Latest.
Rogan Latest.
Are high grade goods.
L. ROGAN dr CO.,
/pi/ First Avenue.
Commercial Hotel Burned—Furnaces to Be
Sold—County Fair a Success.
Florence, Oct. 21.—(Special.)—The Com
mercial lio-tel was gutted by Are at an
early hour yesterday morning. The Are
was caused by a lamp exploding in one
of the guests’ rooms on the third floor.
The hotel was well filled with guests and
there were several narrow escapes. Some
Of the guests lost clothing and valua
bles, and nearly every one in the building
was forced to get out with what clothing
they could hurriedly gather.
The Commercial was a large three
story brick structure and was owned by
Dr. W. J. Kernachan, who also owned
the greater portion of the furniture. The
hotel was leased by Mrs. A. J. Hooper,
who operated'it. She carried about $600
insurance on her portion of the furniture
and her loss will be much greater.
The Commercial was originally the old
"Exchange" and was a landmark. It was
one of the oldest buildings in the city and
had an interesting history. The walls
are stilL Intact, though probably dam
aged. Tne Commercial is the fourth ho
tel to be destroyed by fire in Florence
within four years, and the town is left
with but one small hotel. The Commer
cial will be rebuilt at once.
The Spaphite furnace in this city w'lll
be sold at auction within thirty days.
The furnace has been operated by J.
Overton Ewln, receiver. Judge Clark of
the United States district court has or
dered the sale of the furnace property
and Mr. Ewln is now arranging for Its
sale. The furnace is a valuable one and
has been using the famous spathlte ore,
found in great quantities a few miles
north of Florence. Iron made from this
ore commands a higher price than ordi
nary iron.
The fair this year was a grand success)
and wns largely attended. It will close on
Highest Honors—World’s Fair.
A pure Grape Cream of Tz-t.ir Powder. Free
!iom Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.

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