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BIRMINGHAM STATE HERALD
Entered at the postofllce at Birmingham, Ala., ae Eecond-claaa inat Eastern Business Ofllce, 41 Tribune Build ing New York; Western Business Office, 509 •‘The Rookery," Chicago. S. C. Beckwith, Bole Agent Foreign Advertising. Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers desire to have their papers changed, they must specify where the paper is now going and where they wish it changed to. ateh the label on your paptjr and see when your time expires. The Suite Herald will appreciate news from any community. If at a small place where it has no regular correspondent, news reports of neighborhood happenings from any friend will be gratefully received. All communications, of whatever charac ter or length, should be written on only one aide of the sheet. TELEPHONE CALLS. Business Office... Editorial Rooms. All calls after 9 o’clock p. m. should be sent to the Editorial Rooms. _ Newgpapefs once established are hard to kill. _ If Mr. Hardin is elected Governor of Kentucky the delegation from Kentucky to the next Democratic National conven tion will he a free silver delegation, says the Louisville Commercial. The deficit in the Canadian treasury for the past year is over $4,000,000, which Is the worst showing since the confedera tion of the provinces twenty-eight years ago. The total debt is $317,000,000, or $63 per head of the population. And now some of the gold bug papers in Alabama are disgruntled because Judge Black of Georgia defeated Tom "Watson again in their bout for Congress. Is it possible that these Democratic journals prefer a populist to a free coin age Democrat? The long vexed Question or when an officer is off and on duty has at last been! settled by the little e!ty of Jasper. The new city law prohibits the police officers from drinking while on duty, and the law considers them on duty while they are away from their residences. October will show a large deficit in the treasury accounts. Everybody, however, supposed it would. The expenditures for this month are always heavy on account of the pension and bond interest pay ments. There is some hope, however, that November will follow September's example and give us a surplus. The corn exportation of the next five or six months is expected to touch the highest figures ever reached. All the corn that is wanted abroad can be spared out of the great, crop now being har vested. Probably the acreage of 1896 will be still greater than that of 1895. Corn Is growing in popularity in Europe, urilT'TIti1 United States is in a position to meet all demands from that quarter. The present Episcopal general fibnven tlon will not change the name of the church to the "Holy Catholic church,” or make any changes to render unrecogniz able the Protestant Episcopal church of the United States of America. A propo sition even to change the title page of the Book of Common Prayer was voted down. The church and prayer book will remain as they are if the present conven tion is to decide matters. The Hon. Don M. Dickinson furnishes some Interesting information to the pub lic through the columns of the Boston Globe. He says: "The foreign policy of President Cleveland is vigorously and aggressively American. It will prove Its faith by its works. When promised re sults are attained, every citizen of the United States who in times past has crit icised the foreign policy of the adminis tration will be ashamed of himself and wonder why he did so. Mr. Cleveland Is right on all the great questions, and has been right all the time.” Several limes during the present cen tury a British fleet has made its way through the Dardanelles, sometimes to aid and sometimes to threaten Turkey. In 1R07 the British ships were nearly trapped in the narrow strait by the tem porizing 'Turks. In 1827. when the Sultan was slaughtering the Greeks, the bat tle of NT earino was fought, in which the Turkish fleet was nearly destroyed by the British. The appearance of the English fleet at Constantinople in 18.7.1 and 1878 was to call a halt on Russia, and the ob ject was successfully accomplished. The stockholders of the collapsed First National bank of Sedalia have raised a new legal question in their attempt to evade the assessment made upon them for the payment of the outstanding liabil ities. They hold that they should not be required thus to make good the losses that ensued in spite of the supervision of the government through its bank ex aminer. In other words, they claim that they were released from liability when the government permitted the bank to run along in a bad condition.' The plea is a plausible one, but it is hardly to be expected that any court will consent to help stockholders out of a bad place by such means. There is nothing in the laws pertaining to the national banking system which can be interpreted as mak ing the government a guarantor of the absolute correctness of the investigations of its bank examiners. I.oitl Sackville writes to a London jour nal i hat but a. few copies of his notorious pamphlet against Ambassador Bayard weir printed: that these were meant for private distribution: limit he never in tended the pamphlet to reach the public, and that lie is at a loss to know how it got into print. Possibly some one im posed oil him jus badly jus “Mr. Murchi son'' of Pomona, Cal., did. For seven years he seemed to have nursed hi3 wrongs, and witen he sought to re lieve his feelings by confiding to his tre nds his version of the episode which retired him from the diplomatic service In- committed a blonder which will at tach to his reputation as long as h» lives, arid as long after that as his memory shall endure. His Murchison'' letter was gtviss stupidity, his explanatory pamphlet was criminal folly and his lat est effort to evade responsibility for his malevolent and mendacious blunder sug gests his lack of average intelligence. NEW FRIENDS AND NEW BUSINESS. There Is no reason why the business of the Southern and Northwestern Indus trial Association should not Interest ev ery enterprising: citizen in the South At lantic and Gulf States. The establish ment of the general office in this city and the class of citizens who have been sheeted to manage its affairs is suffi cient warrant for the active co-operation which will be found in this locality. We are asking thrifty farmers of the Northwest, who are seeking a more sa lubrious climate, to buy new homes in. Alahama, Georgia, Mississippi, Douls iana and Tennessee. Thanks to the ef forts of our railroads and a few enterpris ing citizens, many have already come and are today aiding in building up the agricultural South by teaching our farm ers new methods and greater diversity of crops. A number of colonization compa nies have been formed in the South. There Is room for many more, and an associa tion like the Southern and Northwestern should be the clearing hotise, so to speak, of this great work in the South. The era of industrial activity and great prosperity may not come so soon as some expect: It will hardly come so soon as ev ery one would have It come. That it will come, and that the South will get its full share, there is not the least doubt. The splendid record during the past three years of unprecedented depression, the natural advantages which are now at tracting the attention of the whole coun try and the great succpss of the Atlanta Exposition Justify great hopes for the future. The Northwest is taking great interest In the South. It Is from that sec tion that we are getting our new citizens. Chicago is the metropolis of the North west; it Is not far from being the metrop olis of this country. Chicago is, above all, an American city. Its business interests are not dominated by any political fac tion; Its controlling element Is neither dogmatic nor dictatorial, but strictly American. Chicago and adjacent terri tory is several hundred miles nearer Bir mingham, Atlanta, Chattanooga and New Orleans than New York and other competing territory of the North Atlantic seaboard. The manufacturers of the Northwest should be given a fair and equal opportunity to deliver their prod ucts to Southern consumers. ■..IDC UI1C. mui'iuwtsi is looking to the South for a new field of operation. The era of steel making in the South Is near at hand, and the ef forts of so reputable a financier as Hank er Enslen, with the active support of Mr. Skaggs, have already turned the atten tion of Chicago capital in this dlreotlon in that particular line. We have found pleasure and profit in entertaining such distinguished citizens of the East as Ex-Mayor Hewitt of New York and Col. A. K. McClure of Phila delphia, who have said many nice things about us. Now let us be given the oppor tunity of giving a hearty welcome to such distinguished citizens of Chicago as William Tenn Nixon of the Inter Ocean, Ex-Congressman George E. Adams, S. W. Atherton, E. S. Conway and others who are interested in this new associa tion and its particular line of work. Ex-superintendent of the census, P.obent Porter of Cleveland, is numbered among the directors of this company, and his support cannot fall to add strength to any movement. The local di rectors are well known in Alabama,^aml the advantages that will accrue to Bir mingham should not be overlooked. Speaking of the organization of this company, several weeks ago, the Chicago Inter Ocean, s aid: "Tradition long bound the South to the East, but the great Columbian Exposition was an object lesson to the progressive Southerners, and the generous sentiment of Chicago on the matter of the monu ment to the Confederate dead and its hospitable treatment of distinguished Southerners who have visited it have strengthened the commercial instinct by the social impulse. "Such an organization cannot fail of be ing productive of good. The South can produce much that the North needs; Its resources of lumber are vast, and but rudimentarily developed; it can manu facture pig iron more cheaply than we can; in fact, Southern pig iron has been sold to large makers of steel in Pennsyl vania and Illinois." THE A. P. A. The appearance in the political arena in several of our Southern cities of the society known as the American Protec tive Association is arousing much curi osity and comment. It seems that it is not the purpose of that organization to put adistinctlve Presidential ticketinthe field in 1896. This much is made clear from the report of its advisory board, which body has just held a two days’ ses sion in St. Louis. The report advises the members of the order to take part In the conventions of the parties they affiliate with, but to vote in the election for no candidates except those who favor, among1 other principles, the restriction of Immigration, the lengthening of the pro bation period for naturalization, a non sectarian public school system, the with holding of public funds and public prop erty from sectarian uses, the taxation of ail property not owned and controlled by the public, the opening to public of ficial inspection of all private schools, con vents. monasteries, and all institutions of an educational or reformatory charac ter, and opposition to candidates for public otiice who recognize final alle giance in civil affairs to any foreign na tional or native or foreign ecclesiastical authority. Conunenting on the proceedings of the advisory board the St. Louis Globe-Dem ocrat makes the following interesting comments: ••The design apparently Is that the members of the American Protective as sociation, under the direction of the Ex ecutive Committee or some other body of officials; shall cut or support individual candidates on the tickets of the great par ties according as these candidates op pose or favor the tenets of the order. As did lhe Know Nothing party previous 10 the Presidential election of 1S58. the American Protective Association intends in a large degree, to work in tile dark In 1896, as it has usually done hitherto. All the distinctive triumphs of the nativlstic party of forty years ago were gained while It remained a secret oath-bound organization. In the balance between the great parties the swing of the com pact imd disciplined legions of this un se n foe from one side to the other on individual candidates struck terror for two or three years into the hearts of the party leaders. Its stroke was as silent and certain ns fate. The devastation which the election returns sometimes re vealed from the work of this order was as swift an4 mysterious as that which overwhelmed the hosts of Sennacherib. But the Know Nothing party's potency vanished with the secrecy which It dropped in 1865. “Will the American Protective Associa tion develop the strength revealed by Its great progenitor? There Is not the fallnt est Indication that It will. The conditions were peculiarly favorable to the Know Nothing party t>f 1852-55 and to its suc cessor, the American party of 1856. Un restricted immigration and easy natural ization seemed more portentous when the country's population was 23,000,000 or 24,000.000 than they do now when the population Is tripled. Moreover, the American party was re-enforced by an element of the defunct Whig party, who thought the proper way to meet the burning slavery issue was to dodge it, and this dodging could be done in Fill more's party, but It could not in Fre mont's. Nut ail of tha men who voted the American ticket in 1856 accepted that party's proscripttve creed,although, of course, fpost of them did. Many prom inent public men, among them Supreme Justice John McLean of Ohio, Henry Wilson of Massachusetts, Garrett Davis and .John J. Crittenden of Kentucky, Washington Hunt and Millard Fillmore of New York, Henry Winter Davis of Maryland. Kenneth Rayner of North Carolina, Samuel Houston of Texas, John Bell, Emerson Etheridge and Andrew J. Donelson of Tennessee, and W. C. Rives and John Minor Botts of Virginia, be longed nt one time and another to the Know Nothing or the American party. These men, who gave a prestige and standing to the order all ever the coun try. can not be matched in prominence, so far as the country has yet learned, by any of the members of the present na tivist order. TAMMANY’S CAMPAIGN. Those who at any ttac have attended a ratification meeting of Tammany Hall society at the old wigwam on Fourteenth street will appreciate at this distance the scene enacted last night when the followers of the tiger were called togeth er to ratify the action of their leaders. The scene last night at that meeting re called all the ancient glories of the citadel of the local democracy. The candidates named for the municipal offices to be filled at the coming election In New York city received a pledge of the support they will receive from the legions of the party. The tiger’s skin is not yet ready to be stuffed. The hunters who have sold it before they made sure of the royal beast’s demise had better take heed. They should give thought to what last night's demonstration forecasts. Tam many’s banner of triumph still hangs on the outer walls. STATE NEWS. Hartselle Enquirer: It does our soul pood to see our farmers get good prices for the fruits of their labor. If anybody on God's green earth deserves to prosper, It Is the farmer. Greensboro Watchman: Thieves robbed the shanty of Simon Taylor on Main street last Saturday night. They got about $15 worth of goods—all there was. This is the third time Simon has been robbed. Washington County News: We are in formed that a negro by the name of Hen derson was lynched In the western part, of this county Monday night. He was found Tuesday morning swinging to the limb of a tree. Marengo Democrat: Messrs. G. M. Lit tle and W. G. Howler, two prosperous farmers of south Marengo, passed through Linden yesterday. They report that the farmers In their section will have plenty gf hog and hominy for another year and that they will also have plenty of molasses with which to sweeten their contracts. „ Washington County News: As we go to press we learn with regrPt that Mr. L. H. Williams of Sunflower lost his large and commodious barn Monday night by fire, together with several head of horses, cows, corn, hay, etc. The barn was com piratlvely new and was one of the largest, neatest and most substantial barns in the county. Russell Register: Dennis Jackson, col, ored, who was convicted of grand larceny In the circuit court here this week, says this makes the thirtieth time he has been In jail In Ills life, and Dennis Is not a very old man either, but that this is the first time he has ever been convicted. He says he did not get “jestis" this time. Perhaps Dennis thinks he ought to be hung Instead of being sent to the peni tentiary. Russell Register: Mr. W. F. Dg.nlel of Glennville sent to this office last Mon day a specimen of the vineless sweet potato grown by him this year. The po tatoes which he sent are very fine, in deed, much larger than potatoes usually raised. The largest one weighed three pounds Mr. Daniel had one half of an acre planted this year, frow which he gathered and measured 300 bushel3. being at the rate of 600 bushels per acre. Hartselle Enquirer: Morgan county has a most creditable exhibit at the At lanta exposition, and the praise for the same is due those energetic, wide-awake and hustling citizens, Messrs. Burch and T C. Bingham. They have worked with a vim and spent their money almost lavishly determining to makb a success of the undertaking, and they have suc ceeded beyond the most sanguine ex pectation. and under the most adverse circumstances. All praise to them. Greensboro Watchman: As a good deal of corn has been made In Hale coun ty this year the people will have need of an easy manner in which to measure it in bulk. Here is a simple and accurate rule: To measure shelled com—Find the cu bical contents in feet of the wagon box or other receptacle and multiply by eight, the result will be the number of bushels. For corn In the shuck, get cubical con tents in feet, divide by five, subtract re sult from total cubical contents and then divide by three, the result will be the number of bushels. Biocton Intelligencer: Mr. W. L. Pratt has sent a selection of marble specimens to be exhibited at the Atlanta exposition. Mr Pratt has control of a large quantity of marble lands, which he hopes to be able soon to interest parties with money in its development. The marble is of high quality and bears a fine polish. The Montgomery. Tusicaloosa and Mo bile railroad could not do a better thing than to build its road through this prop erty and thence to Biocton. thereby touching thousands of acres of the finest marlde in the south, as well as the Ca haba. coal fields. THE COTTON SLUMP. The great slump In cotton from Friday to Monday has been checked, temporari ly at least, and yesterday little difference was noticeable In the opening and clos ing quotations. ■>. The following bulletin, issued by Price, McCormick & Co., gives details of the day’s transactions: The cotton market today has shown a satisfactory contrast to that of the past few days. Instead of the panicky feeling recently pervading the market, a steadier tone has today been apparent. The Liv erpool market after opening at a decline of from 3-64 to 5ta-C4d. consequently ad vanced 12 points from this point. How ever there was a reaction and final prices were about 2-«4d lower than last night. As a result of this advance abroad our market opened wild and excited at ad vances ranging from 15 to SO points, the near-by options the greatest. Under continued liquidation prices broke after opening until nearly the whole advance had been lost, but subsequently improved apd it looks as if the phenomenal volume of trading yesterday marks the culmi nation of the decline as the previous rec ord breaking transactions on Wednesday last marked the culmination of the ad vance. After the short tremendous liqui dation we have had during the past few days the situation has unquestionably been improved, inasmuch as the weak long interest has been thorough, and a further reaction in an upward direction is not improbable. The trading today has been on a large scale, transactions to noon being 200,000 bales. The cause of the weakness in Liverpool following the ear ly advance is attributed to-the selling there by exporters against purchases made at New Orleans. Receipts at Hous ton today are 17,700 bales, against 19,451 bales last week and 30,672 bales last year. At Memphis 3636 bales, against 4760 bales last year and 6800 bales last year. New Orleans today received 29,304 bales, against 26,899 bales last week and 29,843 bales last year. There baa unquestion ably developed a large short interest during the recent decline, and this In a measure is a strengthening factor In the situation. Receipts should be closely watched, as any diminution In them would result In a sharp advance from the present level of values. ALABAMA EDITORS. . Says the Coosa River News: “We are toomuch of an optimist to be lieve that a little fist argument between Messrs. Corbett and Fitzsimmons would corrupt the morals of a commonwealth. Let the row proceed.” The Russell Register thinks Captain Johnston still has the floor: “Captain Johnston still has the floor. Captain Johnston ought to be satisfacto ry as a candidate to the free silver men on account of his free silver views and to the gold bugs on account of his party service In the past.” Congressman Bankhead, says the Mont gomery Journal, hits the nail on the head: “Congressman Bankhead denied the proposition that free coinage would drive gold out of the country and circulation for three reasons, one of which was that there was no gold in circulation to drive out. Congressman Bankhead hit the nail squarely on the head. Gold is too aristocratic to mix up with common peo ple.” Selma Times to Wallace and Jess, "Darn our fool souls, head us:” "The race for congress In the Second district between Wallace Screws and Jess Stallings reminds us of a story. A small bpy yoked himself up with his only yearling. Another boy gave the yearl ing a sharp cut with a whip, when off he went down the lane, the boy hitting the ground about once in every 10 feet. Ev ery now and then he could be heard to exclaim, ‘Head us! head us! darn our fool souls!’ This Is about the way it will be with Wallace and Jess. Before the campaign Is over Montgomery’s genial postmaster will be yelling, ‘Darn our fool souls, head us!’ ” The Montgomery Journal thinks Con gressman Clarke an aristocrat, but was in touch with the people when he and the Advertiser were not on speaking terms and before he went to Washington and brushed up against millionaires and blue bloods. It says: “Congressman Clarke is an aristocrat by birth, education and association, in manner and general bearing. He was, however, in full touch with his people— the plain, common people of the First district—before he went to Washington and brushed up against millionaires and blue bloods. He then became convinced that the money of the poor man, the sil ver dollar of our daddies, was not fit for association with the rich man, but that gold was the real rich man’s money and therefore should be the only money of the realm. Congressman Clarke has many imitators." Editor Rountreei of the ifartsell En quirer and the popular secretary of the Alabama Press association pays the State Herald a nice compliment: “The State Herald, Birmingham’s new morning paper, fairly sparkles with brightness under the new management. It has a bright future and will no doubt be a grand success. We can hardly pre dict anything else but success when we look at the able staff of the paper. The managing editorship is in the hands of Hon. H. M. Wilson, who is a newspa.per man of ability, and will no doubt guide the paper in a most successful course. The business end of the paper is in the hands of that able and successful news paper man, Mr. James H. Nunnelee of the 8eJma Times. He knows all about running a paper oni a successful plan, for he has never run any other sort. The staff of the State Herald is composed of such hustling, experienced and well known newspaper men as H. J. Boles, Charley Greer and Telfair Hodgson. Long life to the State Herald.” The Blocton Intelligencer takes the fol lowing practical view of the situation: The drift of sentiment among the peo ple In favor of Captain .Johnston is so strong that it would be sheer political lunacy on the part of the sound money wing of the democratic party to oppose his nomination and election. There are many democrats who are so thoroughly convinced that the free and unlimited coinage of silver is absolutely essential to the continuous growth and prosperity of the country that they would vote against a "gold-bug" nominee; and there are many others who are not so aggres sive in their hostility to the single gold standard, who would remain away from the polls. Such a course means defeat to the democratic party. “These be peril ous times." The-democrats who favor the gold standard, as a rule, are not so wrought up on the subject as that any material per cent of them would either vote against or fail to vote for a man like Captain Johnston, although they differ with him on this one rather subordinate question of party policy. The further fact will be considered by the sound •money wing of the party, that this is but a state election and will not necessa rily affect national questions, and should not be affected by them. It is all important that the best ele ments of our people get In line .and fight in solid cohorts and not waste their strength in a guerilla w'arfare among themselves while the common enemy is massing for battle. Many of the thinking men of the peo ple's party are ready to fall in line and light under the sliver banner of Capt. Joseph F. Johnston. They know and trust him and are practically In accord with him. Their leaders deny this, but theiir so-called leaders are not so closely in touch with the thinkers of their party as they have been. The populist leaders knows that only in democratic discord is there any hope of his personal promo tion. In strife and dissension he can raise his voice on high, and his slogan of war will be heralded by the unthinking and excitable, but when gentle peace broods over the land there are "none so poor to do him reverence.’’ Then be friends: "Othello’s occupation is gone.” Thetimeforstrifeover unimportant ques tions has passed and for the best people of all parties to'unite. The nomination of Captain Johnston ■Will-be a long step In that direction. _ Hood's Sarsaparilla acting through the blood reaches every part of the system. Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov’t Report ABSOLUTELY PURE FOWLKES & MY ATT, Dealers in FINE GROCERIES, 800 and 302 — North Twentieth Street. Watch this Space for SOMETHING NEW. Telephone No. 5. WOMAN’S MISSIONARY CONVENTION Of the Montgomery District Assemble at Tus kegee—What They Are Doing. Tuskegee, Oct. 21.—(Special Corre spondence.)—The woman’s missionary convention of the Montgomery district convened at the Methodist church here last Thursday. There are about twenty five delegates in attendance, among them being Mrs. Brinkley and Mrs. Claud Chil ton of Montgomery and others prominent in missionary work. On Friday evening a large congregation had the pleasure of listening to a very interesting and in structive missionary address by Rev. T. K. Roberts of Dexter Avenue church, Montgomery. Mr. Roberts expects to go as a missionary some time in the future. On last Monday evening Ellie Cult, the little 3-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Dowdell, died after only a few days' illness. Following the death of this lit tle one was that of Mary Kate, an older sister, aged 5 years, who died Saturday morning, after having been sick a little over a week. Membraneous croup was probably the cause of their death, though the physicians have never agreed as to what was the real cause. Miss Nonie Taylor, aged 14 years, the oldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. Y. Taylor, died yesterday morning at 3:30 o'clock. She had been sick for a long while. An appeal has been taken by Mr. C. W. Hare in the case against Freeman Col lins, colored, who was sentenced to be hung November 20 at the last term of court for murdering his wife, Della Col lins. The evidence showed that she had left him and was living with her mother. Freeman, who was living on another place, went to the field where she was en gaged in work with her mother and sev eral other darkeys and calling her aside deliberately shot her twice with a shot gun and three times with a pistol. He was afterwards captured in the lower part of the county, making his way to Florida. Rev. Dr. Hall of Newnan, Ga„ preached a very Interesting sermon at the Baptist church yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Ligon, Jr., of Mont gomery are here visiting their father and mother. Dr. Breedlove and Mr. Will Abercrom bie, two young men, have recently opened a drug store. Congressman Robbins of Selma Is here on a visit. Mrs. John (Gautier left last week to visit relatives In Texas. Mrs. Nelms of Arkansas and Miss Jen nie Nelms of Salem are here visiting rel atives. Miss Rena Morton left a few days ago for Atlanta, where she will make her fu t’--« home. PARTY VS. PRINCIPLE. The following' able editorial is taken from the Marengo Democrat: "You often hear men say ‘I am a dem ocrat,’ and when he Is asked what is a democrat he will hang his head as If his little brain box had struck a knot which was likely to overturn it and spill out Its contents. We asked a beardless Salomon not long ago what was democ racy, and he said its principle was to car ry elections. “Well, now, the real fact to the aver age gold bug it means to put In the ring, whether right or wrong, and to eat the meal from the public crib. When they think they have the machine (supported by little Shermanites like the Mobile Register) they let into primaries men who have grown gray fighting for the enemy and voted the democratic ticket for the first time in the last eleotion for a little meat, meal, flour, money or with the ex pectation of working something out of his boss, excluding men who followed the fortunes of Lee and Jackson and who stood by the battle flag of the grand old party under Houston. Is this democra cy? God save the mark. We have been taught that it was a principle founded upon the rock of truth and rocked in the cradle of justice, but for the sake of the ring and their heelers we will give what consists of the true principles of democ racy, which no doubt will be as new, but not as agreeable, to some of them as was the discovery of gold in California to the tired miner. “When this government was founded and the constitution was established there were two views of the construction of that instrument. One was that it threw as much power into the hands of the general government and as little into the hands of the people as possible; in other words, a strong central government with the power in the hands of the few, with weak dependencies called states. This was the Hamiltonian theory. The other was that no Implied power was found is the constitution; that the people was the source of all power and that the govern ment was the agent of the people, with the power of government lodged with no class except as put there by the fran chise of the people, the states reserving the power not granted to the general gov ernment. This was called the Jeffer sonian theory. What party advocates the Hamiltonian theory? The party of John Sherman: yet these principles are to be engrafted upon the democratic banner and we are told to follow its teachings, while the shades of Jefferson monn over the hills of old Virginia and the ideas of popular government sink to rise no more. Drive from the temple of democracy those who seek to pollute Its principles, cast into utter darkness the free booters who would rob it of its name, raise Its battle scarred flag, admit Into the primaries those who believe In Its principles and we will march to victory In a grand and glorious country, where merit will be recognized and labor re warded. Then Hues would sink, clicks and combines would cease and the people would rule.” _ The Russell Register takes the follow ing philosophical view ol the situation: "It seems to us that vast experience ought'* to satisfy the democrats of the eoun'.ry that they cannot afford to split. Let ,us stand together. It is the only senable thipg we can do ” When You Want the Best Groceries For the Least Money, Call on or Send Your Orders to T. F. Thornton Wholesale and Retail Grocer, 2003 2d Avenue, Birmingham Has any and everything In stock from a live chicken to, a full grown beef, and from a 6 cent sack of salt to a barrel of flour. Just anything and the best. Prices equal to the lowest for the same quality of goods. 10-ii3-tf The kick is going to come from the western republican senators, most of whom are young and devoted to the in terests of silver. Senator Dubois of Ida ho, who already has made his mark In the upper house, is the leader of this band of discontented senators; and he has stated with an emphasis which will not need repetition that he and his friends will not tolerate a reaifrangement of sen atorial committees which will give com fortable berths to the same old sena torial hacRs, Hoar, Sherman, Hale, Haw ley, Platt and other fogies of their sort, and leave all the younger senators from the west out In the cold. Senator Dubois and his friends .are determined to have the question of silver legislation thor oughly discussed In the senate; and they\ insist that they will not allow that dis cussion to be smothered or burked.—New Orleans Times-Democrat. Dunlap Latest. Rogan Latest. $goo-$4.oo-$j.oo. Are high grade goods. L. ROGAN & CO., — igii First Avenue. WHAT CAUSED THE SLUMP. To the State Hoi-aid: Please tell me whether Mr. Cleveland’s movements have anything to do vdth the price of cotton. While he was off fishing this fall) the price of cotton, kept climbing until It went above 9 cents, but as soon as he reached Washington last week cotton stopped climbing as though un certain what to do and turned the other way. It went down 114 points during the few days he was in Washington, but ho had no sooner left for another frolic than cotton began to climb up again. We were told a few months ago that the price of cotton was regulated by supply and 'demand, and that overproduction had brought about the low price. When the twice began to climb reoently we were told that It was due entirely to Mr. Cleveland's wise financial policy and also to a short crop. The crop yesterday didn’t appear to be any shorter or any longer than It was on last Wednesday, yet the price went down 114 points during his brief stay at the White House. The fact that It went up 4 cents during Mr. Cleveland’s prolonged absence this fall and dropped 114 points while ho was in Washington and went up thirty points yesterday leads one to be lieve that the real factor In the price of cotton has been discovered. How would it do to devise some scheme to keep him away from Washington un til the present crop Is disposed of? _READER. Arranging a Postmaster Day. Washington, Oct. 22.—Postmaster-Gen eral Wilson has received a communica tion from the board of publicity and pro motion of the Atlanta exposition an nouncing their desire to set apart a day to be known as "postmasters’ day,’’ for the entertainment of postmasters who would like to visit the exposition. Awarded Highest Honors—World’s Fair* DU BAKINfi POWDTfi MOST PERFECT MADE. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. 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