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The Geo. Passe Company is
now located at 2024 First Avenue and ready for busi ness. They cordially invite all their customers and the public generally to call and see them. The best goods at all times at the lowest possi ble prices. Don’t forget the number 2024 First Avenue. SECOND EDITION. A FEELING OF SORROW Created in New Orleans by the News of Mrs. Eustis' Death—Will Be Brought Home. New Orleans, Oct. 26.—The news of the death of Mrs. James B. Eustis, wife of Ambassador Eustis, created a profound feeling; of sorrow here, where she was ao well known. She was Miss Ellen Buckner before her marriage, und was born In Louisville, Ky., In 1836. She was married to Mr. Eustis at the Eustis fam ily mansion at Brookline, Mass., in 1857. Her father was S. H. Buckner. He was engaged in the cotton business previ ous to the war. The firm of Buckner, Stanton & Newman were perhaps the largest cotton dealers and growers at that time. Miss Eustis, before her mar riage. was prominent in society circles, and was noted for her beauty and accom plishments. She has not resided in New Orleans for the past ten years on ac count of her husbands duties as United States senator and ambassador to France. It is understood that the remains will be brought to Brookline, Mass., for burial. The World's Fair Tests showed no baking powder so pure or so great in leav ening power as the Royal. New prunes, 12 l-2c. New London layer raisins, 12 l-2c. New figs, 20c. New N. C. dried Deaches, 12 l-2c. New pitted cherries, 15c. V. S. GAGE, 15 N. 20th Street. Cotton Men in Columbus. Columbus. (Ia„ Oct. 26.—This city was visited today by a large number of the members of the New England Cotton Manufacturers association, which has been in session In Atlanta. They were here in response to an invitation of the city council, board of trade and promi nent citizens. They came to inspect the Cotton mills of this city and its superior advantages for cotton manufacture. The Visitors were taken through the mills, in cluding the $2,500,000 plant of the Eagle and Phenlx Manufacturing company. They were taken to all parts of the city, and afterwards attended a reception and luncheon at the Muscogee club. They returned to Atlanta tonight on a special train, which brought them to this city. The Bessemer and Birming ham and the Birmingham and Ensley roads will burn coke today instead of coal, making no smoke. Go out and take a pleasant ride. Ladies with small feet can get a bargain now at The Smith Shoe Co.’s. 10-lS-tf __ Coffin Gets Eight Years. Indianapolis, Oct. 26.—Judge Baker of the federal court this morning sentenced Francis A. Coffin, the former president of the Indianapolis Cabinet company, found guilty of aiding in the wrecking of the Indianapolis National bank, to eight years In the penitentiary. The prisoner was allowed to remain In the care of his counsel until an application for a writ of supercedeas could be made before Judge Woods. »u.Womerf& and Women only Are most competent to folly appreciate the purity, sweetness, and delicacy of Cuticcra Boat, and to discover new uses for it daily. In the form of washes, solutions, etc., for distressing inflammations, irritations,' and weaknesses of the mucous membrane, it haa proved most grateful. Cuncraa Soap appeals to the refined and cultivated everywhere, as the most effective skin purifying and beautlfylngsoap, as well as purest and sweeteat for toilet and bach. SelS throe,-rout ths world. British dosoti T Ktv. orsv A Boss. i. King Edwsrd-at.. London. Pott > Dsoe ft Ch:U. Cl i::-* . Cnlo Prera., Wratou. TJ. tl. A. Birthday Gift?. We are now open so NflBERS, TWO NEGR0_ SPEAKERS Ably Defend Their Race in the Convention, ATTENTIVELY LISTENED TO They Resent the Term of "Nigger" Being Flippantly Applied to Them by White Members. Columbia, S. C., Oct. 26.—The two ne groes who presented the cause of their race today were both members of the constitutional convention of 1888, which adopted the present constitution. Whlp per argued that there was never such a thing as negrq^ rule in South Carolina. He maintained that when the negro was given the ballot he was unfit to receive it; that white men took advantage of his weakness, got his votes and all the offices and did all the stealing. His speech was a powerful one. In the urse of his argument he said: “Now to the bill before us, which I am compelled to characterize as a snare, a subterfuge, a delusion. The only thing in connection with it is the fact that its authors declared six months or more be fore the calling of this convention that it was necessary to disfranchise the ne gro without disfranchising a single white man. Why should the negro be thus out raged. wronged, robbed, defrauded of his franchise*? Do not the white people, north and south, owe him a debt of last ing gratitude? “Now, should the negro be disfran chised? If so. it ought to be done in an open, frank manner, and not by the sub terfuge in this article. When suffrage was conferred on the negro he was not fit to exercise it; but there were many White men in the same condition. It was a mistake. The negroes were led away by the superior race. T have been here thirty-one days, and have heard them try to prove that you were the superior race. We admit that. We were just out of the bondages of slavery and igno rance. You have had culture. You have had schools and colleges all open to you. in*, uuu 1a ui no.* v. •• .. us. We concede your superiority—but it Is little to boast of. Wait thirty years and see how the negro advances. W e concede, that the negro was unprepared for the ballot when he got it. For 235 years all efforts were directed to train ing the negro’s muscles. The white man was equally unfit. One class had been Ignorant; the other should be taught to believe the negro the basis of property. The negro was at the bottom of the bloody war. Their bitterness make them unfit for doing Justice to the negro. You will find all this here In the black code passed by the whites In 1868. Time has proven that they were not qualified to take the ballot then offered to them. "I am not here ns a suppliant, nor do I put myself and my race in the attitude of beggars. I am here as a man and a representative, not representing simply the negro, but representing the people. The fact that X am a negro has nothing to do with my status here, and just here I will digress to speak of the flippant way the term ‘nigger’ has been used in this convention. I am a negro. There are six others here that are negroes. We are proud of it and we hope to do something in and out of this convention that the negroes will be proud of and white men compelled to recognise. But when men selected from- their various counties, as it is fair to suppose, with a view to their intelligence and their good standing at their various homes, assemble here, with these grave duties and responsibilities resting upon them, can so flippantly use the word ‘niggers,’ spelt with two ’g’s,’ It Is hurtful and I feel It keenly. It stings sharper than a serpent’s tooth when it comes from the venerable gen tleman from Edgevllle, Mr. O. M. Till man, whom I have learned to respect. We have only six of us here of the Inferior race and you have 104. Men upon this floor who are clamoring for white su premacy come here and assume duty and call us 'niggers’ with the flippancy of barroom attendants. ■ 1 ms trouDie is negro rule auu wnire supremacy.’ Was there ever any such thing- as negro rule in South Carolina? It was the rule of white men supported by the negroes. Are there not more ne groes than white men on your farms? Yet, don’t your wife rule? In the conven tion of 1808 there were less than a dozen negroes and less than a dozen white men engaged in the work done there. I am proud of the work done In that con vention. The way It has stood the test Jms shown that there was nothing dan gerous In it. They had simply taken the best part of the other constitutions. Some men were there to vote as they were told. This convention, it is said, is to prevent negro rule and establish white supremacy. Again, as a matter of fact, there never was any negro rule in South Carolina. When was there ever a time when we had a negro governor? We nev er had a majority of negro officers at any time in this state. Indeed,* there were only four colored officers, and that only for a single term each. There never was a county in this state controlled by col ored officers. In fact, all of the impor tant officers, clerks of the court, sheriff, treasurer, auditor, throughout the whole state, with less than a half dozen excep tions, have been filled by white men. Does this look like negro rule? Even in the darkest hours of reconstruction, when the bad "legislation led to tha fall of the republican party, white men held the of fices; white men did the robberies; many of them democrats of the deepest dye, who reaped the rewards for their pur chase of negroes. There never was a negro lobbyist parading the corridors of this house. They were white men. Call them carpet baggers, scalawags, rene gades, what you will, they were white men and are responsible for the bad leg islation. Charge not this up to the ac count of the negro. When you rested in apparent security, owing the negro him self, there was an Influence at work, em anating from the throne itself—a situa tion was brought about that compelled you to do him Justice. He was then a slave; you meet him now as a man, and you would strip him of his manhood. I appeal to you to stay that hand and avoid the consequences, which will be in: evitable. The consequences will come. The negro Is here and here to stay for ever. The negro babies born every day could not be carried off in all the ships that you could bring to our shores. General Small, among other things in his speech, said: Mr. President, this convention has been called for no other purpose than the dis franchisement of the negro. Be careful and bear in mind that the elections, which are to take place early next month in WED ing^ up our recent licit your visit to MORROW & many of the states, are watching the ac tion of this convention, especially on the suffrage question. Remember that the negro was not brought here of his own accord. I find by referecne to a history In the congressional library In Washington, written by Neil, that he says that In 1619,, In the month of June, a Dutch man-of war landed at Jamestown, Va., with fif teen sons of Africa aboard, at the time Miles Kendall was deputy governor of Virginia. He refused to allow the ves sel to be anchored In any of her harbors. But he found out after his order had been sent out that the vessel was without provisions, and the crew was in a starv ing condition. He countermanded his order and supplied the vessel with the needed provisions in exchange for four teen negroes. It was then that the seed of slavery was planted In the land. This convention had a good leader In the person of the distinguished gentle man from Edgefield. Mr. President, when men go out shoot ing and want to shoot straight they are compelled to shut one eye, and this leader used-only one eyp In this convention, hence he is aTways striking the bull’s eye. I,et him beware lest he strikes It one t.lme too often. flAughter.’) Since reconstruc tion times 63,000 have been killed In the south and nut-, more than three white men have been convicted and hung for these crimes. I wain you to be mindful of the fact that the good people of the north are watching this convention upon this subject. I hope you will make a constitution that will stand the test. I hope we will be able to say when our work is done that we have made ns good a constitution as the one we are doing away. with. The negres are paying taxes in the south on $363,000,000 worth of property. In South Carolina, according to the cen sus, the negroes pay tax on $12,600,000 worth of property. That was in 1890. You voted down, without discussion, merely by a vote to lay on the table, a proposi tion for a simple property and educa tional qualification. What do you want? You tried the infamous eighth box and registration laws until they were worn to such a thinness that they could stand neither the test of the law- nor of public opinion. In behalf of 600.000 negroes in the state and 132,000 negro voters all that I demand Is that a fair and honest elec tion law be passed. We care not what the qualifications imposed are, all that we ask is that they be fair and honest. GET MARRIED, BOYS. Wedding rings made to or der in two hours in our new store, 2018 1st avenue. E. GLUCK, Jeweler. CHICAGO’S CLAIM Causes a Laugh in Railroad Circles—Ignor ance of Pacts Shown. New Orleans, Oct. 26.—Last night's dis patch from Chicago In reference to the fast train to be started over the Atchi son, Topeka and Santa Fe road on Tues day, October 29, and claiming that it will be the fastest regular train ever run In the world, taking distance Into consid eration, caused a big laugh in railroad circles here today. The claim appears to be made in entire ignorance of facts. The Chicago claim is as follows: The new train wJJl leave Chicago at fi p. m. and will reacli.Los Angeles, Cal., on Fr'^ay at 6 p. m.. making the run of 2265 miles in seventy-four hours, allow ing for the difference Jn time. Previous to this the fastest regular long distance train in the world was the California limited of the Chicago and Northeastern and Union Pacific system, which made the run from Chicago to Ran Francisco, 2255 miles, in eighty-five hours and fif teen minutes. Its average rate of speed for the entire distance was 27.6 miles an hour, while the average speed of the Santa Fe train will be 30.4 miles an hour for the entire distanaa, Now for the actual facts in the case. Last season's Sunset limited over the Southern Pacific from New Orleans made the run to Los Angeles in sixty hours, 2007 miles, or on an average of thirty three miles an hour. This year, com mencing next Thursday, the same route will be covered in fifty-eight hours, or an average of thirty-four and one-half miles an hour, stoppages included. For Chicago to claim that about twenty seven miles an hour is the fastest long distance train previous to the advent of their thirty miles an hour train, to be inaugurated next Tuesday, shows the statistics coming from the city by Lake Michigan are not to be relied on. 10c for the round trip today. Bessemer and Birmingham Railroad. BOUND FOR THE EXPOSITION. Travelers Protective Association Day November 13—Ninety-Fve Cities Represented. The members of the Alabama division are making active preparations to take In the exposition In Atlanta on November 13, that day having been set aside by the exposition as Travelers' Protective asso ciation day. The largest number of trav eling men ever assembled In the south will be present. There will be large rep resentations from ninety-five cities in the United States, All the national ofti oers will be present and a btg time is an ticipated. Alabama will have over 200 members present. All members and friends of the commercial travelers who expect to attend and have not sent In their names are requested to send them at once to the secretary and he will se cure in advance sleeping car accommo dations on the train leaving at 12 o’clock on the night of the 12th. Alabama division continues to increase its membership. The members all say they receive many courtesies from rail road hotels they never received before they became members. A large number of members have called at headquarters the past week. All re port a big trade and business all over the country Improving. Presidents Gilmore and Cunningham are anxious that every member who pos sibly can will attend the exposition T. P. A. day In Atlanta. The wholesale merchants of Atlanta; have given the Georgia division all the assistance they have asked for and the Georgia boys say all who do not visit Atlanta T. P. A. day will always re-i gret it. _ Rockers of all kinds, styles and prices from $1.00 and up at H. HERZFELD’S. Killed His Uncle. Atlanta, Oct. 26.—A special to the Con stitution from Dallas, Ga., says that George Martin shot and killed his uncle, James Lindsey, a Paulding county farm er, today. Martin was drunk and had no provocation. Martin escaped. Young gentlemen having ambition to play orchestral or band Instruments of any kind should consult Professor Weber at the Birmingham College of Music. Splendid opportunity. f.-23-tf _ DING purchases of Eur oui* establishment SINNIGE’S W. H. KETTIG, President. W. J. MILNER, Vice-President. H. K. MILNER, Secretary and Treasurer. The Milner & Kettig Co., (Incorporated, Paid up capital, $125,000.00.) MACHINERY • AND • MINING • SUPPLIES. Bar Iron and Steel, Black Diamond Files, Black Diamond Tool Steel, Tools, Rubber and Leather Belting, Rubber Hose and Packing, Blake Steam Pumps, Atlas Engines and Boilers All kinds of Machinery. Write /or Prices and Catalogue. Birmingham, Alabama. INDUSTRIAL HINTS, The locating and sustaining of Indus trial enterprises In Birmingham is the one subject above all others, from a ma terial point of view, that should enlist the best thoughts and most active ener gies of every citizen of the city at this time. In this matter is Involved the progress anil prosperity of Birmingham, and this necessarily carries with It in a greater or less degree the progress and prosper ity of all who reside within its limits. If Birmingham has any future beyond its present circumscribed and limited boundaries, that future lies In the se curing of more manufacturing plants, and of a greater diversity of character than what now exists here. To obtain these it would prove the very best In vestment that could be made for prop erty owners to set aside one-fourth, or even one-half, of their holdings here for manufacturing purposes. • m m • Further than this. It would pay every business and professional man In the city to donato for the next twelve months a liberal portion of their income for the same purpose. It would hardly fail to return in increased business more than a hundred fold. * . • It does not matter.so much what the Industry may be, provided it be selected with ordinary business judgment. The raw material for Iron, steel wood and textile Industries axe here on at least an equal footing with any other city, and with respect to some of these superior advantages are possessed over all others in the world. Other factors that enter into successful manufacturing can be had for the effort to obtain them. * * * The stagnation and distress that at tended the depression in out one staple industry—pig iron—two years ago should teach us never to permit its recurrence. This can be done only through multiplied and diverse industries. It Is in the very nature of things that such a depression will again sooner or later occur, so that now is the time to guard against such an untoward event. ^ ^ Human nature Is prone to inactivity under prospering conditions, but these conditions cannot become permanent nor any material advance be made until Bir mingham realizes that her sole depend ence is on increased industrial lines. There is need for every public spirited citizen and the united press of the city to dwell on, this truth until a wider and stronger sentiment exiRts in favor of se curing Industries for Birmingham as the sine qua non of her future prosperity. Ten years ago Birmingham had the at tention of the entire world, and her out look for future greatness surpassed that of any other city In ihe south. Prophesies were freely made by men of the keenest foresight that "Birmingham in the next decade of years will have over 10U.00U population, and the valley in which It is situated would be a hive of teeming in dustry.” Why has this prophesy not been fulfilled? Ten years ago leading: citizens or At lanta stated) thrttt Birmingham would outstrip their city In Industrial growth, but Atlanta concentrated her energies on locating industries there, while Bir mingham was speculating in corner lots and letting industries go elsewhere. The result is that Atlanta has twenty Indus tries to our one, and a population of 115, 000 people. , » . » Here Is a “tale of two cities" that Bir mingham should study with profit. Bir mingham has all she had in natural ad vantages ten years ago. She has more than this: the claims of ten years ago are now accomplished facts, for Birmingham has proven her ability to make iron cheaper than anywhere in the known world, and all other advantages are sub servient to this one. Industries are now knocking at our doors for admission that may go else where for want of ability to meet their wishes, reasonable as they appear to be. The benefits of the exposition are ma terializing in increased inquiries for man ufacturing sites, and a much larger de mand for Information about Birming ham. • * • There is a strange apathy here as to these opportunities, and possibly the firess of the city is at fault for permit ting such a state of affairs to exist. It has long been the claim that the press of Atlanta has more than all other agen Hes combined contributed to the wonder ful success of that city. They have al ways stimulated faith and pride in At lanta. They have given freely of their space to set forth the claims of possible investors and Industries, so that in re turn they could absolutely command the people of Atlanta when they wanted them for any industrial purpose. Cities, like individuals, are strongest when they have faith and confidence in themselves. Birmingham needs confi dence in her own abilities and advantages opean mi <1 Domes for a critical exam DRUG AND FAMILY SHOES Comprise footwear for the entire household. We can supply every fam ily in Alabama with just what they need for this season of the year. A short price and long wear tells the story of our shoes. We fit every foot and invite the public of Alabama not only to walk, but to walk in our perfectly fitting, com fortable and handsome shoes. We are not pedestrians, but we cover miles of feet every six days. Our shoes please every one, and that makes every one anxious to wear them. This week we’re selling. School Shoes from 99 cents to $2. which will save you one-third your shoe money. All kinds of shoes repaired. 10-ll-3m 8T. I’IKKRK, IOIO 1st Avenue. and a stronger degree of pride in her progress and advancement. The press of Birmingham oan bring about these con ditions. Will they not unite in doing so? RAPHAEL CARAVELLA, Chop House, Corner 1st Avenue and 20th Street, No. 1931. Oysters received fresh daily and served in any style Maccaroni served Italian style Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and to order. Open day and night. 10-22-tf READY FOR ACTION.’ Ten Splendid Entertainments Mapped Out by the Birmingham Music Club. At a meeting of the organizers of the Birmingham Music club last night the plan of entertainment for the season was practically agreed upon. The club proposes giving ten entertainments—four by the club and six by professional at tractions of national repute. Season tickets to the series will be sold at $3, giving a reserved seat at each perfor mance for 30 cents. The outside attrac tions include the celebrated Spanish vio linist, Diaz Albertini, assisted by the re nowned contralto Bosa Linde and the Italian pianist, Clementini DeMacchi, who will open the season at Seals' hall on November 8. Polk Miller and oth ers will follow. The club will put its sea son tickets on the market this week. Only enough season tickets will be sold to guarantee the expenses, which have bee.n ascertained. After enough season tick ets are disposed of for this purpose the club will hold the rest of the seats at regular rates. whaTthe attraction was. For several days pedestrians along Nineteenth street have been attracted by something unusual going on in a very popular resort on this great thorough fare between First and Second avenues. The attraction proved to be at Paul’s new place, which Is located there. One of Birmingham's great sign and art painters was busy putting on Paul's win dow. in the most exquisite and up-to-date fashion, his name and place of business. Mr. Vest was the artist and the highest praise was accorded him by all who no ticed the product of his artistic skill. Paul Is justly very proud of the work and his friends continue to keep his place as busy as ever filling orders, which of course keeps him Jolly and happy. aTuTTTnG WE wiLL GO. Hundreds of merry people, old and young, go down on the Bessemer and Birmingham dummy line almost every day to points along that road to gather “scaiy barks" and to hear the chatter of the festK’e squirrel. The forests near Vinesville arc now in a blaze of red and gold, and a trip down this popular line is well worth taking. Warships Have Returned. Fort Monroe, Va„ Oct. 26.—The United States warships New York, Montgomery and Raleigh returned here today from their practice cruise. ENTS. tie Novelties and iiirition of* our sto BRIC-A-BRAC FOOTBALL. Providence, R. I., Oct. 26.—Brown, 22; Lehigh, 4. Frankfield, Pa., Oct. 26.—Pennsylvania, 30; LaFayette, 0. St. Louis, Oct. 26.— Columbia, 40; De pauw university, 0. Eastern Park, Brooklyn, Oct. 26.—Cres cent, 43; Williams, 0. Orange, N. J., Oct. 26.—Orange, 0; Princeton, 0. Boston, Oct. 26.—Harvard, 25; Cornell,0. Atlanta, Oct. 26.—The University ot North Carolina defeated the University of Cieorgia football team here today by a score of 6 to 0. The Bessemer and Birming ham and the Birmingham and Ensley roads will burn coke today instead ot coal, making no smoke- Go out and take a pleasant ride. School Shoes—We have a grand line at bargain prices. The Smith Shoe Co. 10-18-tf _ Accidentally Electrocuted. Atlanta, Oct. 26.—Charles Wheeler, foreman of an electric gang, was electro cuted at the exposition this aflernoon. He was working under the machinery building and touched a live wire, which was carrying 2200 volts. He died in three hours. Wheeler came here from Chicago. Delicious Cream as used in the preparation o Silver Churn Butterine, im parts a delightful flavor to the product. Always sweet, fra grant and wholesome, Silver Churn Butterine is approved by the most fas tidious housekeepers. Mrs. Rorer, the cooking expert, pre fers it to creamery butter fol the table and all purposes. Prepared Solely By ARMOUR PACKING OO., Kansas City. U. S. A. Card Favors. Brie-a-Brac, and ok. EMPORIUM.