Newspaper Page Text
Entered at the postoffice at Birmingham.
Ala., aa second-class matter.^ - Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Build ing New Fork; Western Business Office, 009 “The Rookery,” Chicago. B. C. Beckwith, Sole Agent Foreign Advertising. Notice to Subscribers—-When subscribers desire to' have their papers changed, they must specify where the paper is now and where they wish it changed to. Watch the label on your paper and see when your time expires. The State Herald will appreciate news from any community. If at a small place where it has no regular correspondent, news reports of neighborhood happenings from any friend will be gratefully received. All communications, of whatever charac ter or length, should be written on only one side of the sheet. TELEPHONE CALLS. Business Office.... Editorial Rooms.....231 All calls after 9 o'clock p. m. should be sent to the Editorial Rooms. GOVERNOR OATES’ OPINION. Governor Oates made a political speech at Abhevtlle, Henry county, on Monday last. The time and place appear to have been chosen with a view to accentuate his personal attitude at respects the state campaign of next year. It was delivered on the day preceding the elections of Tuesday, with a view no doubt of having his position unchallenged and unaffected by the results of the morrow's vote. It was delivered in his home county—that county which had made his fortunes. In the presence of his home people he declared that he would not be a candi date for governor, but that he is -and would be a candidate for United States senator, and he asked Henry county to send to the general assembly delegates who W'ould vote for him for senator. A letter to the editor of the State Herald of date November 5, from an in telligent and prominent citizen of Henry county, who heard the governor’s speech, says: "Gov. William C. Oates made a speech here today, and made an assertion that an American "silver” dollar in England is only worth its "bullion" value. I am always inclined to take what he says to lie true, knowing his honesty, but in this case some of us took issue with him In a private conversation, after having him to reiterate publicly again what is above quoted in regard to the dollar, and he contended he was right. If he is right please inform me. I re member reading in the State to the con trary, if my memory serves me correctly. He further stated In his speech that we need a greater circulation of money, but now is not the time in his judgment to agitate the question. He also called the attention of the audience to the rumor that he would he a candidate for re election to the office of governor. To this report he said most emphatically he would not be a candidate for governor, as he told the people in the canvass last year, the ambition of his life is to repre sent the state in the United States sen ate, which fact he announced, and asked the people present to try to elect ‘two’ representatives who will cast their vote for him during the sitting of the next state legislature. Please answer me in regard to the ’silver dollar’s’ worth in •England." • In answer to the question of our cor respondent we would say that the silver dollar of the United States is worth just as much in England, Canada, Mexico, or any other foreign country as it is in thi3 country, less, of course, the cost of trans portation. Otherwise Governor Oates owing say $10,000 at the First National * bank of Montgomery would have only to cable to a London broker to invest $5000 In American dollars at 50 cents on the dollar, or whatever the bullion value might be, and ship the $10,000 sliver dol lars to him at Montgomery. He would then take his 10,000 silver dollars to the bank and-pay his debt, and all upon an Investment of half the money. The gov ernor might continue this process indefi nitely until his original $5000 had grown into millions. In this way he might pay the state debt in a short time. If he is correct in his statement it is his duty as governor to buy up all of our silver dollars abroad and apply the 100 per cent profit on each transaction to the extinc tion of our state debt. It would be an ex cellent idea for Governor Oates to let Mr. Carlisle into his deal and thus extinguish the national debt in a few days. The more entertaining feature of the governor’s speech is his reiteration of his fixed determination not to offer for a sec ond term as governor. He does not pro pose to be side-tracked. He is after the senatorial chair and nothing else. HON. JOSEPH F. JOHNSTON. The Montgomery Advertiser of the fith has the following article: "The newspapers are mentioning Hon. A. G. Smith of Birmingham ami Maj. J. G Harris of this city in connection with the governorship next year. They both modestly acknowledge the soft impeach ment and do not deny that they would like to be governor, but deny most em phatically and decidedly that they will be candidates next year. That is doubt less true, for the field seems to have narrowed down to Capt. Joseph F. Johnton of Birmingham and Governor Oates as the unwilling candidate of the administration democrats for a second ti rm. The governor does not wish to be a candidate for governor and will not if he can help it, believing Hiat it would be very damaging to his chances for the eenatorship to be made governor again. It is announced authoritatively that Cap tain Johnston will not stand for governor if Governor Oates permits the use of his name, believing as he.does that the gov ernor should have a second term If he desires it. But in that event, it is also given out that the captain will stand for senator.” So far as the above article refers to any authoritative expression from Captain Johnston, directly or indirectly, we are authorized to say it is unfounded. It stems probable that Captain Johnston will be a candidate for governor, not senator. If Governor Oates becomes an ‘'unwilling” candidate for governor It will be to prevent some other democrat from receiving the nomination, and not because he desires to be governor two years longer. The governor announced before his nomination and time and again since, that he desired only one term. There is certainly no precedent to re nominate a gentleman who is unwilling to hold the office and is a candidate for another place. It seems more important to nominate a democrat who can be elected than to be worrying over a divi sion of spoils and precedents. MORGAN AND PUGH. Our distinguished sene'ors will be at the Morris hotel this morning. They are always welcome to Birmingham. Speaking of Senator Morgan the At lanta Constitution of yesterday says: “Senator John T. Morgan, the stalwart Alabamalan, regarded everywhere as one of the greatest living Americans, arrived from Washington yesterday afternoon and talked about the result of Tuesday’s election when asked about it last night. "Senator Morgan came from Washing ton, where he has beeh for three weeks, busily engaged with some important mat ters connected with his official duties. The senator is a very' busy man. He looks first after the Interests of his con stituents and those interests required his presence at the national capitol. Tues day', while the election news was being received In Washington and creating great excitement, the great Alabamian was at his desk at the capitol, hard at work. “The senator has been spending the past two months in the hills of Pennsyl vania with his two daughters, who are now tile only members of his family. He left his daughters in Pennsylvania, and is on his way to Alabama, where he goes for a few weeks. He will remain there until just before congress meets, December 2. ‘‘He will be joined this afternoon by Senator Pugh, whom he left in Washing ton, and they will continue the journey to Alabama together. Today he will visit the exposition and see the show for the first time. "He was asked about the election at the Kimball last night. " ‘To what do you attribute the defeat ..of democracy in the several states on Tuesday?’ he was asked. “ ‘To Mr. Cleveland's great popularity,’ he said with a smile. 'It's attributable to that. To Mr. Cleveland’s great popu larity. “ ’I see the report has It that Hardin Is defeated In Kentucky. I hope that may be a mistake. I certainly hope the legis lature is saved. I should think that it is ail right. I suppos%lf the republicans get the legislature Bradley will go to the sen ate; that is, of course. In the event the state senate can be organized by the re publicans and the president could step into the shoes of the governor. “ ‘The result In Maryland, as elsewhere, Is due to Mr. Cleveland. He Is strongly *nppos“d to Senator Gorman. The result In the othep states Is attributable to the same cause. The democracy must put silver In Its platform, or else there will be precious little democracy in the cam paign of 1896. Wat Hardin had to ride a double horse. His convictions made him support one thing, and he was running on a platform that said exactly the oppo site thing. The influence of Mr. Carlisle was not used to any great effect In Ken tucky.’ “Senator Morgan, in speaking of the coming national campaign, said that no living man could foretell what would happen, It was too far in the distance and the situation was too badly becloud ed to enable any man to talk definitely. It seemed to him that Harrison or Alli son would be nominated for the presi dency. Harrison seemed to be the most available man. Of Allison he thought very highly. He had served in the sen ate with him for twenty years. He could not venture a prophesy as to the nomi nee of the democracy. In 1896. "Senator Morgan is looking exceedingly well. His face is ruddy and full of the color of health. He has had a pleasant, as well as a quiet time of it In Pennsylva nia this year. He Is preparing for a very busy session of congress.” A SPECIMEN GOVERNOR. The newly elected republican governor of Kentucky appears to be no improve ment upon the old carpet-bag and scala wag governors of twenty years ago. W. 0. Bradley’s record Is not a matter of gossip, of rumor, of angry accusation. He has been pilloried and held up to scorn by the supreme court of his own state for engaging In a conspiracy to swindle and defraud. The record in the case shows that a rascal by the name of Dun desired to defeat his creditors by a fraud ulent disposition of his property. It shows that to this end he had sought the help of different attorneys, but that each and all of them had refused to engage in such dirty work. As the supreme court in its opinion said: "Dun could find no lawyer In Nlcholasville or Lexington who would give him the advice he desired and the witness who had acted as Dun’s regular counsel for many years gave him no such advice.” At last he carried his dirty work to Bradley and found a willing helper. Bradley advised him to make p mock conveyance to his brother, to have a witness present to swear to the pay ment of a consideration and then have his brother reconvey the property to Dun’s wife. Bradley afterward sued his client on an account "for legal advice to place your property beyond the control of your creditors.” The court in reviewing the case said that the whole transaction was fraudulent, and that Bradley had, with full knowledge of its character, de vised the means for accomplishing a dis h'onest act, and that as he came into court wittpunclean hands he was entitled to no relief. In commenting on Bradley’s conduct the court said: “An attorney Is in one sense an officer of the court. He owed duty to it and to the law as well as to his client. He vlo lats this duty in advising or Instructing those applying to him for counsel or In struction to attempt a dishonest evasion of the law, and much more so when, ns ln*this case,the aid of the chancellor is in voked to enable the client to perpetrate a gross and outrageous fraud, One of the means by which he was to secure to himself the future enjoyment of his es tate was a decree of the chancellor em powering the wife to hold property as n feme sole. The official oath of an attor ney at. law binds him to discharge the du ties of his office according to law. Sec. 1, Art. 8, state constitution. "Fidelity to the client neither requires not excuses advice leading to a violation of the law nor the commission of an act or acta involving moral turpitude. When such advice is given, or when the client is instructed as to the means by which his creditors may be defrauded, the attorney is not discharging his duties '^according to law,” but in direct violation of it. and a promise upon the part of a client to pay for such advice will not be implied, nor ■■will an express contract to pay for it be enforced. "We are satisfied that the petitioner is mistaken in the assertion that "ther.e is probably not a lawyer In the state of Ken tucky of any prominence who has not er eaged in this practice.” Dun could find no lawyer in Nicholasvilie or Lex ington who would or could give him ad vice he desired, and the witness who had! ai led In Lancaster for many years as Dun's regular counsel gave him no such advice. "The petition must be overruled.” LYNCH LAW. The Boston Traveller advises north erners not to be too severe in their comments on southern lynchings and re minds them that few. if any. northern states have a clear record. It says: "It is noticeable, too, that neurly all the southern lynchings are for one pecu liarly devilish and repulsive tj’pe of crime. Lynching for any other Is rarely heard of in the south. "But the chief argument to be drawn from lynchings, north or south, is that there la something wrong with the law or Its administration. It there were not this shortcoming In one or the other, the lynching would not occur The crime for which, more than any other, It is in flicted. or threatened, is the outraging of women and young girls, and there Is a growing conviction In the public mind that the legal penalties generally pro vided for this do not adequately punish It.” An editorial in the Oalveston News is on the same tune. The News is opposed to all forms of lawlessness, but it be lieves that our lynchings are the protest of the people against the delay and un certainty of the law. It says that the wise constitutional provision for a speedy trial is, as a rule, disregarded by the courts of the country. Our con temporary goes on to say: "It has been only a few' years since a rape fiend was liberated time and again at a Texas court house to repeat his at tacks upon helpless girls and women of the vicinity almost in tte shadow of that edifice. Crime finally tendered it neces sary' for him to leave Texas, and, after murdering two young women in another state, he was hanged by citizens of Ken tucky. With the preposterous delays, re versals and failures of the courts, the ex travagant exercise of the pardoning pow er by the Altgelds of the country, the trickery, acquittals or escapes that fol low all these chances and opportunities, to condemn mob violence Is almost like whistling in the wind. There Is no good reason why the man who undoubtedly commits rape or murder today should not he tried tomorrow and hanged the day after.” Why cannot we have a law allowing the jury of (he vicinage to try cases of rape? T.et there be a summary trial! If a judge cannot be reached at once why should not the neighborhood select a jury and judge to try' the case and sentence the accused at once? Of course the pro ceeding must be guarded by all the safe guards of law. We see no reason why the people should not be protected in such cases by a prompt trial and execution of sentence. The original idea of Jury trial was that the accused should be tried by a jury of the vicinage—that is, by the people who know the parties and facts; but that idea is now lost in the obscurities of legal technicalities. It has come about that juries are now selected from persons who know nothing and care nothing about the interests of the vicinage. The entire the ory of jury trial has become a farce and delusion. Surely there must be a way to have prompt trials of these cases of rape. It is a matter for our lawyers to develop. HON. T. C. CBEN8HAW, JR. Hon. T. C. Crenshaw, Jr., has been ap pointed by Governor Atkinson of Georgia as railroad commissioner for the six years’ term, from October 15. Mr. Cren shaw was born in Alabama. His uncle, Hon. Walter Crenshaw, was president of the state senate. His grandfather was Chancellor Anderson Crenshaw, one of the most eminent lawyers of his day. A sketch of Mr. T. C. Crenshaw in the At lanta Constitution says: “He read law in the ofllce of Secretary of the Navy Herbert, but never prac ticed. After leaving college he was first appointed register in chancery for the Southern Chancery division of Alabama. This appointment he received before he was 21 years old, and had to wait ten days before he could qualify. He re signed this office in 1871 and moved to LaGrange, Ga„ where, for a number of years, he was a prominent cotton buyer, operating up and down the West Point railroad, and doing a large eastern busi ness. There he married Mtss Lila Frost, daughter of Col. F., A. Frost, then a prominent banker of LaGrange. Shortly after this he was elected mayor and was twice elected member of the general as sembly from Troup county. He took a leading part in the proceedings of the leg islature and among other positions was a member of the committee that made up the first funding act of Georgia. The other members of this committee were Hon. John W. Maddox, then member of the senate a.nd now congressman from the. Seventh district, and Col. Et. F. Ab bott, who was a member of the house. "Mr. Crenshaw resigned his seat in the general assembly to accept the posi tion of collector of internal revenue under Cleveland's first administration. He as sumed office the 1st of May. 1885, and held It until September 20, 1889. Although he tendered his resignation to President Harrison, the republican president, he declined to accept it and issued an order removing Collector Crenshaw from office, notwithstanding the fact his ofllce had just been examined and pronounced as first-class in every particular. "As soon as he vacated this office he was appointed by President E. P. Alex ander as claim adjuster for the Central railroad, which position he has held un der all the changes of the management to the present time. “Mr. Crenshaw retained his residence and citizenship in LaGrange from 1871 to 1892. since which time he has lived at Griffin. His old neighbors of Troup county were especially strong In their advocacy of his appointment. Mr. Cren shaw's first wife died early in 1892. He had four children, one of them now a practicing lawyer at Griffin. On the 30th of August, 1893, he married Miss Mary Ehlbrs, daughter of L..A. Ehlers. a prominent citizen of Rhinebeek-on-the Hudson. “Last night Mr. Crenshaw went to Savannah to make his final report to the Central. He will return at once to the city and will probably qualify as commissioner on Thursday.” THE TORHEN8 LAW. The voters of Cook county, Illinois, de cided at Tuesday's election by an over whelming majority to apply the rules of the Torrens system^ to the transfer of lend titles lr» that county. The law au thorizing the adoption of the Torrens sys tem was approved by the last legislature and was to become operative when rati fied at a popular election. The adoption of the system In Cook county means the beginning of a great reform in the methods of transferring land titles. Hereafter the purchaser of land may have his title registered under the Torrens law. When this has been done no question as to the validity of the title can ever be made. Its validity Is guaranteed by the state, and future purchasers will not be under the neces sity of procuring expensive abstracts for the property In question or of obtaining legal advice touching Its validity. At the bottom, the trouble Is found to have been caused by democratic in subordination and asslnine advocacy of stupid financial fallacies, which the sound Judgment of the American people could not and never can tolerate. Back of these fallacies was a strong sentiment In favor of repudiation of financial obli gations; and repudiation Is utterly ab horent to the masses of the citizenship of this republic.—Mobile Register. Unfortunately for the theory of the Register the overthrow of the democracy in the eastern states, which declared for the gold standard, was more complete than In the states which declared or leaned to bimetallism. Mississippi was the only state that declared for free sil ver at 16 to 1. and that state Is the only line In which the democracy were victori ous. _ It must be manifest to every one that we can't win democratic victories ad Wpcatlng republican theories. Gladstone conducts a considerable share of his correspondence by postal cards. He uses more than 4000 a year. It seems that the only state (Mississip pi) where the democrats obtained any substantial victory was a state where the party declared for free coinage and put free coinage men on the ticket. The Baltimore Sun and its allies- have succeeded in giving the republicans a senator in Gorman's place. We don’t love Gorman,, but we prefer him to any republican Maryland can furnish as sen ator. ._ - According to the Chicago Tlmes-Herald a Chicsgo justice of the pease has decid ed that a tenant Is not bound to hold out his lease of a house alive with the vora cious and sleepless insect, the cimex lec tularius. Governor Oates seems to have set at rest the question of his candidacy for gov ernor by announcing to his home people that he would not be a candidate, and asking them to send two men to the leg islature who would vote for him for sen ator. If the governor had desired to take the chances at tw-o offices he would cer tainly have let his home county into the scheme.__ The repulican majority In the next Ohio legislature, as shown by the returns from Ohio, insures the retirement of Senator Brice, democrat, and the succes sion of a republican. In Maryland the election of a republican legislature—the first for many years—will bring about the retirement of Senator Gibson and the election of a republican in his place. The election of a republican legislature in Iowa is not unexpected, and it is consid ered settled that Senator Allison will be elected to succeed himself. Walter Wellman, Washington corre spondent of the Chicago Times-Herald, says: "Probably most people believe President Cleveland is dictatorial and at times unpleasant in his treatment of his cabinet officers. Such an impression pre vails in Washington, I know, and I dare say it is quite general throughout the country. I was talking about this "with a member of the cabinet and he said there, was not the slightest foundation for such a belief. ‘On the contrary,’ he add ed, ‘the president is remarkably consider ate In ills relations with us all. He is kindly, companionable, informal, genial. never presumes upon his authority. He never tries to make us feel that he is a master and that we dare not have eveni a difference of opinion with him. Every member of the cabinet likes Mr. Cleve land and looks up to him as a friend. All lalk of overbearing, bossy, dictatorial manners on the president’s part is non sense.’ 11 ELECTION OPINIONS. ■* _ ! One thing is sure: The democrats can not improve their own humor or pros pects by bandying epithets and accusa tions between the factions into which the party is split. We had better be seeking ,for some common ground on which we can stand.—Chattanooga Times (Dem.) The vote in all the states was light, especially on the part of the democrats. It is evident that not over GO per cent of the democratic vote was polled in any state. The vote in Chicago was one of the smallest cast in years. In fact, the election may be said to have gone by default.—Chicago Chronicle (Dem.) • * • The disaster the democratic party suf fered in 1804 was a protest against the distress of that year; the "rubbing it in” ithat we get this y«ar is a positive declar ation that populist theories of ilat money and unlimited coinage of baseless dollar pieces will not do In the latter part of the nineteenth century.—Mobile Register (Dem.) An examination shows that the shake up of ’95 is due to the same causes as that of '94. The Gorman-Brice-Smith ideal of politics, which permeated the last democratic congress so seriously, caused the land-slide of 1894, and the domination of the same ideas this year has agairl brought disaster.—Montgomery Adverti ser (Dem.) * * • It will be noticed as a significant fact that the only two states in which the democrats stood to win, were those In which their candidates were pronounced advocates of free silver—Kentucky and Mississippi. It is quite evident from this result, eompared with the news from New York, New Jersey, Maryland and other states, that the campaign was con ducted on, a gold platform and gold can didates, that free silver helps the cause of democracy, Instead of weakening it.— New Orleans Times-Democrat (Dem.) * • » It will be no longer possible to deter imlne a state’s partisan complexion by Its latitude. Mason and Dixon's line has been abolished. States on both sides of it will hereafter divide freely on the ques tions of the time, irrespective altogether of their attitude toward dead and gone issues. The country has emancipated it self from its bondage to the ante-bellum era. Texas annexation, the Wtlmot pro viso, the Kansas-Nebraska law and se cession have at last lost their power to sway the people in either soHth or north. A great era in the nation's political his tory has been closed.—St. Louis Globe Democrat (Rep.) The democratic party has one more year in which to redeem itself. If it fol low’s the mistaken precedent of the last two years it may expect the same result in the national election that has charac terized the last two general elections. When the democratic party returns to Its time honored policy and makes a brave and manly stand for its principles, taking issue with the republicans on the con; traction of the currency and pledging the people that through it. and through it orflv, shall the people find such relief as > mtist come through a change in our cur rency system, then it can appeal with confidence to the ballot box and expect to see its trailed banners raised once more in triumph. Let us hope that that day is near at hand.—Atlanta Constitu tion (Dem.) The war feeling in London against Rus sia develops the fact, that Great Britain has a Monroe doctrine of her own. They call It the "balance of power" on that side of the Atlantic. When the United States shows any similar symptoms the Londoners declare that It is all "yankee bluster.” What a difference the point in view' may cause.—Washington Star, Ind. Honor to Governor McKinley of Ohio, for his protection of a prisoner whose life was threatened by a mob of lynchers. It was but an act of duty, required for the preservation of peace and the mainte nance of the supremacy of the law of the< state, that Governor McKinley per formed; yet, when we think of the con duct of too many other governors under* similar circumstances, we make haste to come forward with praise for the gov ernor of Ohio.—New York Sun, Dem. STATE NEWS. Ozark Star: There is absolutely no de mand for corn In these parts. The fann ers are holding- for better prices. Sheffield lteaper: The Cherry cotton mills at Florence seem to be running a successful matrimonial bureau. It ought to pay large dividends. Ozarlt Star: The streets and ware houses are filled with.cotton, which is be ing held by our merchants, who believe that cotton will still go higher. Athens Courier: W. W. McDaniel of Tennessee brought down a load of nice dressed meats last week and sold to our butchers. That beats raising cotton. Athens Courier: Col. Luke Pryor has been and Is yet quite ill. We trust that he may yet be spared many years to his children and his country. A grand man is he. * * * Guntersville Democrat: John Gilbreath has three hogs which are a little over a year aid that will weigh about 350 pounds each, and he has two others of the same age that will average over 300 each. Sheffield Reaper: We regret to see farmers making arrangements to plant enlarged cotton crops next year. With increasing rents the tenant farmer is placed between the azure depths and old horny-. * * • Sheffield Reaper: When a man says "there is as much money as ever before" Just ask him to pay that little amount that is overdue and his ardor will in stantly fall 90 degrees below the smiling point. It's a positive fact. * • • Steele's correspondent in Attalla Bea con: Farmers are very busy' gathering their crops. They say the crop Is going to be a little short this year, but as a rule people are in much better circum stances this fall than last. Ozark Star: The farmers of southeast Alabama are now In prime condition to fight for higher prices on what cotton they still have on hand; most of them have paid up their indebtedness and are holding the surplus for higher prices. Greenville Advocate: The Geneva Citi zen tells of a negro school teacher near that place who whipped one of his scholars so severely that she was unable to walk home, and two others so un mercifully that one of them had to be fput to bed. • * ' • Ozark Star: A. W. Mance, Esq., of Chi cago, 111., is spending a few days in Ozark prospecting. He is an attorney at Chi cago and is here with a view of locating in Ozark. He is very much delighted with our beautiful southland and we hope ithat ha may decide to come among us. * * * Opelika News: Mr. S. R. Hale, one of the bosses, is here from Pratt mines. He will leave today with eight prisoners, convicted at the late term of circuit court of various crimes, and who are to serve their sentences at that celebrated resort for the criminals and law breakers of Alabama. • * • Eutaw Mirror: Our good friend, Amos Horton, has recently returned from Ten nessee, where he went on his hunt for a lot of the finest breeds of Jersey cows. He purchased several from Mr. Crook of east Alabama, among them the dam of Othello Fogfes and fqur or five other test ed Jersey cows. They will all be brought home shortly. • * * Greenville Advocate: Prince, a black horse owned by Mr. T. A. Fuller, about four miles south of Fort Deposit, died October 25, 1895. He came into this world of fleeting shadows in the fall of 1862, and plowed from 1865 to 1895. At his death he was 33 years old, and if there be such a place as horse heaven, we doubt not that he is there. Alabama City correspondent in Attalla Beacon: The Dwight Manufacturing company have now near 100 cottages on the way to epmpletlon. The Stewart Contracting company has almost com pleted the main building and the many faithful mechanics will soon leave for their homes far and near. The machinists have a hustle on themselves and are placing the machinery in position. Sheffield Reaper: Is the party or par ties that stole the brick from the church lot of Furnace hill church in town. There were 2000 brick on the lot, part do nated to the church and part paid for by the pastor. They were placed there to build with when the time came, but some low down thief that would steal the cop pers from a dead man's eyes has pur loined the brick to their own use. May the devil never get them to bum as hard as the brick were, for they would fool his satanic majesty and start a hell of their own. What We Owe to Spain. New York Sun. It affords us pleasure to assure our Spanish-Cuban contemporary. La Union ConStitucional of Havana, that we are, Indeed, much obliged to Spain for the dis covery of America. Where upon earth would we all be now if that discovery had never been made? Whole ship loads of us might not be anywhere, but, for Spain. When, therefore, our contempor ary says that it would be ungrateful for us to affront a country to which we are so much indebted, we reaffirm the re mark. We may add that we are more particu larly obliged to the Italian navigator whose monument may be seen here, and who once held aloft the chains with which he had been bound by order of the king of Spain, as the Spanish re ward for his services In the discovery of America. We do not know of any better way of meeting such obligation as we owe to Spain for the discovery than by proffer ing her, at this late time, a bit of advice, which, if taken, will surely be advantage ous to her: Get out of Cuba! It is not improper that we take occa sion to say that we are under obligations also to the French for opening up a large tract of territory that now belongs to us, and to the Dutch of Holland for set tling upon the island gem which we in habit, and to the English for leaving our shores after they had hovered about them for a long1 time, and to the Russians for conveying to us a dominion of vast -size, in which there is gold that the Canadians would like to get. The truth is, that we are under obliga tions to so many foreign countries that we can never hope to meet them in any other way than by giving them an illus tration of fhe loveliness of American freedom. The republican politicians are raising the objection to Senator Allison of Iowa as a presidential candidate that he was born in Ohio. They want a rest from Ohio men. Grant was a native of Ohio, so was Harrison, while Hayes and Gar field were Ohio men. Seventeen years in the last twenty of republican occupancy of the nresldential chair are deemed enough for Ohio for the present.—Spring field Republican, Mug. The outcome is all that could be desired by the most radical law and order fa natic. The whole miserable business in Hot Springs has been valuable merely as proof that professional pugilism in this country is dead. Henceforth no club will be willing to offer a $2 purse for a world's championship contest. As for Fits and Jim, they probably will get to gether somewhere by and by and a fight may occur, but there will be no money in it, and money is the mainspring of their game.—Chicago Dispatch, Ind. ALABAMA EDITORS,' Comlemning^the Check System. The Sheffield Reaper says: "The papers In the industrial districts of Alabama are condemning the check and company store systems. Those sys tems are injurious to legitimate busi ness.” A Girl Gets the Prize. * - Says the Sheffield Reaper: "Talk about the 'coming woman’ as much as you please, but she puzzles the fair judges at a great rate.* At the fair in Florence a prize of $5 offered for 'the finest boy baby’ was awarded to a girl.” Millions in a Name. “What's in amame?” Well, the Duke of Marlborough’s will have millions in it. —Tuskaloosa Times. And it Is now Duke Vanderbilt of Marl borough, is it? When the English swap their title for American money It will be when Americans quit that spaniel way of licking his lordship’s boots, and not until then. , Another Snub. Says the Opelika News: "The two Macon papers gave long and glowing descriptions of the courtesies and attentions that were not received by the mayor and aldermen of Macon while invited guests in Atlanta and at the exposition, on Atlanta day. These disappointed guests should Join forces with the governor of Alabama and our brethren of the Alabama Press associa tion, and hold an exposition of their own, where courtesies would be within easy reach.” . Christianity and Humanity. Says the Tuskaloosa Gazette: ' "A reformatory for youthful criminals is being urged for Alabama* Instead of confining them in prison with older and hardened criminals. This is a move in the interest both of humanity and Chris tianity and it Is to be hoped that our gen eral assembly will take hold of the mat ter and prepare a place where this class of criminals can be reformed and taught useful trades, so that when they are re leased from prison they will be no worse than they were when convicted, if they are no better.” Americans Despise Bullying. The State Herald thinks the sympathies of the American people are with Russia In her struggle to obtain an open port in tlu?’waters of the Orient. This is true. The Americans as a class and as a nation like fair pl4y and despise a bullying gov ernment. Russia will obtain a foothold in the east and will hold it.—Huntsville Mercury. Yes, the American people "despise bul lying,” and that is one reason why such a mass of our people are opposed to John Bull’s acting as supreme dictator In our financial affairs. No One Can Tell the Cause. The result bf Tuesday’s elections wa3 no more than -was to be expected under the condition that existed In different states. Just the cause of this no one can UMBRELLAS FROM %50.00 to $1.50. Drop in and take a look at our new assortment. The handsomest that has ever been in the city of Birming ham. They are on exhibition and you will be convinced when you see them. ROGAN. tell precisely, although there are many reasons given by differently Inclined peJ ple to account for the result, some good, some Indifferent, and some bad, and be this as It m^y, We pan say we are not sur prised.—Tuskaloosa Gazette. THb flruaricjal question played an im portant part lA 'Mississippi and the demo cart won the day. It Is a democratic reason—Incorporated lr» the platform on which Mr. Cleveland was elected. The financial problem played no part In the other states. Now Is not the cause rather significant? Off Year in Politics. Judging from the restrictions there will not be any election held In Green county next year. Itfs tiardly probable that any candidate whom the people would elect .will crawl up to the l^lrror office and stand up for examination, and to lose the support of that paper of course means Inevitable defeat. But the Mirror thusly lays down the law In plain language: “We want It distinctly understood that the Mirror will not support any man for nomination to congress or the legislature who is not an open and avowed sound money democrat. And he must toe the mark and answer, ‘Yes, with all my heart,' when the question is put to him." Young gentlemen having ambition to play orchestral or band instruments of any kind should consult Professor Weber at the Birmingham College of Music. Splendid opportunity. 6-23-tf __ Cold Weather Is Coming. Telephone 487 for coal. Ward’s coal yard keeps as good as can be had In this market. When you need coal call on them. Can furnish on short notice at market-price. __ _ 7-I9-tf The past fiscal year Is marked by one of the moSt interesting events In the his tory of the country. The pension roll passed the 1,000,000 mark. The country has now the distinction of providing for a larger number of military pensioners than were ever carried Oh the rolls of any government.—New York Herald. Tnd. Awarjled Highest Honors—World’s Fair. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Ffpe from Ama\<?oi*, Alum or 2ny other adulterant, 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.