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Ala., as second-class matter. Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Bund ing New York; Western Business Office, 509 "The Rookery." Chicago. 8. C. Beckwith, Bole Agent Foreign Advertising. Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers desire to have their papers changed, they must specify where the paper is noW *°:n? and where they wish it changed to. Watcn tlie label on your paper and see when your time expires. The State Herald will appreciate news from any community. If at a small place where it has no regular correspondent, news reports of neighborhood happenings from any friend will be gratefully received. All communications, of whatever charac ter or length, should be written on only one side of the sheet. TELEPE Rusfness Office Editorial Rooms All calls after 9 o’clock p. m. should be sent to the Editorial Rooms. 230 231 Shipbuilders along the great lakes have determined to bring the question of the abrogation of the treaty with Great Brit ain that prevents the construction of ships of war on those lakes before con gress. The leader of November 13th in the Montgomery Advertiser was upon the right line. It was evidently from the pen of an able and broad-minded writer. But the succeeding leaders bear the mark of the old back writers. Seven of the fifteen steamers running between Havana and New York have been taken off at a loss of $1,000,000 a month. Spain is causing a good deal of mischief in the business world without making the slightest headway In restor ing order in Cuba. Secretary Curtis, the financial expert of the treasury, Is In New York, and It Is believed that he has gone thither to confer with the bankers about the gold reserve. The outflow of gold at this sea son of the'year Is something unlooked for and almost without a precedent. Voters in the election district of fur nace, near Harrisonburg, Va„ had no time to exercise their sovereign privilege. The poll books and ballots were returned the day after election with the explana tion that the voters were too busy shuck ing corn to attend the election, and no one could be prevailed on to serve-as Judge or clerk. General Miles, referring to the cost and value of coast defenses, gives us an ex cellent practical example In the case of the Confederate coast defenses at Charleston. Although they were not of the first order and cost comparatively little, they were sufficient to protect Charleston for four years against a fleet, at Its tiane, one of the strongest in the ■world. Rev. Mr. Tilly of Frankfort, Ky., has acoepted n call to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church at Tuskaloosa, and will enter upon his duties In the month of December. This is the church that that eminent divine, Dr. Stillman, was pastor of for more than a quarter of a century. Mr. Tilly is said to be a very able young divine and especially suited for this particular field. Dr. Rodriguez, a Cuban, residing in New Orleans contends that It Is the duty of the United States to Interfere In the Cuban rebellion to protect American in terests, as 9G per cent of the trade of the Island Is with the United States. He cites as a precedent for armed interven tion the course of England In Egypt, and the policy pursued at different times by other European nations. Secretary Hoke Smith has accepted the Invitation of the Georgia legislature to address that body on the issues of the day. He will leave Washington for At lanta today and will speak on the even ing of Wednesday or Thursday. Secre tary Smith will take a pronounced stand against the unlimited free coinage of sliver, and declare his adherence to the "sound money” policy he has heretofore advocated. The saddest thing I can imagine is a homeless man; one who has no abiding place; one who cannot stop without some one bidding him move on; for whom in all the earth there is no welcome resting place which he can call home and where love shares and softens his sorrows. Sadder than this Is the houseless, home less soul. While you are planning for the body think of the soul. Make provisions for it. by accepting God's merciful bounty for forgiveness and faith.—Rev. F. E. Smiley.__ Those who have not seen It cannot ap preciate the magnitude of the migration from the northwest to the. southwest. In a single recent month the Kansas City. Springfield and MemphiP road carried eighty-five carloads of household effects for farmers from Nebraska and western Iowa into the Ozark country-. In a single day at Doniphan, the seat of Ripley county, on the south Missouri border, 0 notary took the acknowledgment of more than twenty settlers from the north. Into the vicinity of Lebanon. Laclede county, the home of Ex-Congressman Bland, there came In a period of three months this year over 200 families from the northwest. These are straws. South Missouri and north Arkansas are full of them. Senator James K. Jones of Arkansas Is In Washington. He is a free coinage man and in speaking on the subject says: "For the campaign next year I am une quivocally in favor of nominating free silver candidates on a free silver plat form. The democratic party must make this fight, sooner or later; the sooner the boiler. True, it may result in defeat. The outlook is not. very promising just now any way it Is viewed, but we had better go down battling for principle than to make an ignominious surrender. Bimetallism will win eventually; tt is only a matter of education and time, and its success will come through the demo cratic party. The republicans, in my opinion, will straddle the question in their platform, as they did in the Ohio state convention, and Allison will be their nominee for president.” WITH THE ONfe-TENTH. Governor Oates la not and will not be a candidate for governor next year. Cap (tain Johnston Is a candidate. These two facts are well known to the Montgomery Advertiser. It Is also almost a settled fact now that no one will be a candidate for the place In opposition to Captain Johnston, and of tills fhe Advertiser Is aware. The necessity for party unity and party harmony In Alabama is very groat, and with this fact the Advertiser is thoroughly familiar. Only a few days ago that paper was railing frantically upon Governor Oates to stand for a re nomination, g-oing so far as to assert that Captain Johnston, was too loyal a demo crat to stand for the place should the gov ernor demand a renomlnatlon—imploring the governor to go back on h!a oft re peated declaration that he would not be a candidate ail for the sake of party unity and party harmony. But the governor preferred to stand by his former declara tions to surrendering to the whims of the Advertiser. The result: Captain John ston, the loyal democrat, about which that paper spoke only the other day, stands as the only candidate for the dem ocratic nomination. Nine-tenths of the democratic papers of the state and equal ly as great a percentage of the demo cratic voters say let Captain Johnston have the nomination; he is a good dem ocrat; he Is capable; he Is and has always been loyal; he Is entitled to It; he can carry the party banner to victory In Au gust; the Advertiser is among the one tenth of the state press lending Its en ergies to create discord, seeking to cre ate strife by trying to get some other democrat to enter the race, never once taking advantage of the present oppor tunity to prevent a contest next year In the party for the nomination. If the Ad vertiser can name the candidate party harmony'is absolutely necessary; if the Advertiser can't name the candidate, party harmony must take a back seat. How can a paper with such little re gard for consistency as the course of the Advertiser shows It to have and so lit tle care for party harmony when Its own wishes areinot to be gratified be expected to wield any Influence with Intelligent, thinking people? The Advertiser's great solicitude for democratic unity, demo cratic harmony and democratic success fades away unless she is playing a game, heads she wins, tails you lo3e. THE LIQUOR QUESTION. It Is rather curious to see a clergyman declaring in favor of free liquor trade; but it is a fact that all sensible men know the greater part of the corruption of local politics and politicians is due to legislative regulations of the traffic. In his address to the Episcopal diocesan convention at Albany on Tuesday, Bishop Doane took the ground that the state should leave the sale of liquor to be gov erned by the law of supply and demand, and should not undertake "to exercise any special control" over the traffic “other than that which it exercises over the sale of other things.” The present method of giving it specinl privileges by license and subjecting it to special re strictions, he argued, drives it into com bination for the use of its political in fluence in defense of its business inter ests. The way to get the saloons out of ■politics, the bishop of Albany thinks, is to cease to make their business peculiar by a legal treatment which separates and distinguishes it from trade generally. If they were thus left to take their chances along with the rest, he believes, with good reason, that no more liquor would be sold, for "there would be no more liquor saloons than the thirst of the neighborhood requires." Having no long er need to exert political Influence for their protection against legal discrimina tion, the saloons would cease to be “cen ters of political power.” UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. It is gratifying to the old alumni of the Virginia university to know that steps are being token to rebuild at once. It is estimated that $300,000 will be needed. At the date. November 12, of the meeting of the committee appointed to consider W'ays and means it was reported that $12,620 had been raised. It is said that Mr. Charles Bradway Rouss of New York had offered $25,000 and had ob tained $500 from others. These contri butions aggregate over $42,000, which is quite a flattering sum at such an early stage of the canvass. The numerous alumni of this celebrated institute, es pecially the lawyers who learned their profession from Professor Minor and jothers, will no doubt contribute freely to the restoration of the old halls where memory is consecraieu uy me lauors or generations of the foremost men of the south. The first two Masters of Arts of the University of Virginia were Hen ry Tutwiler and Robert M. T. Hunter. The career of Mr. Hunter as a statesman places him in the foremost ranks of the men of his day. Among his public pa pers there is no more profound or de serving of greater attention today than tils celebrated report upon finance and currency as chairman of the senate fi nance committee, tt is a paper that will live in history. The career of Mr. Tut wiler was as distinguished In the field of education as was Mr. Hunter's in pol itics. Hundreds of the brightest men of Alabama received their training at his hands and the memory of his splendid attainments and lofty character Is still cherished by the state. It would be impossible to enumerate the men of Alabama who owe their edu cation to the University of Virginia. They are in every rank of life, and al ways at the top. We are sure that it will be a labor of love with them to aid In swelling the fund needed to rebuild the old rotunda and the annexes. We notice that there are propositions looking to new plans for rebuilding. By all means let the restoration follow the old plans, so that when the alumni visit their old alma mater they may be gladdened with familiar sights. At the meeting of the committee to which we have alluded, which was at the office of Governor O'Farrell, the ques tion as to the plan of rebuilding was dis cussed. The report of the Richmond Dispatch is as follows: “Mr. McCormick \yas the spokesman for the committee, and gave the views of himself and associates at some length He paid a handsome tribute to this moth er of universities, declaring that when she was rebuilt the old structures should bo supplanted by buildings of such mag nlflcence and equipped with such school appliances as to place the University of Virginia In the front line with ail ihe greatest colleges ct the United States. He wanted it to be not eimpiy the pride and glory of the south, but of the nation. Mr. McCormick expressed rhe views of the other members of the committee when he said that the stately rotunda. planted upon that lovely hill by Thomas Jefferson, should simply be restored; re stored with fire-proof materials, so that no more such catastrophes could mar the majestic beauty or take from its enlight ening significance. Speaking of the other burned buildings, Mr. McCormick said he was of the opin ion, as were some other members of the committee, that the new structures should not be erected as annexes to ihe rotunda, but there should be constructed separate and distinct buildings, hand some and Imposing, and fully equipped for the work which they are to accom plish," THE DAVIS MONUMENT. It will be remembered by those who participated in the Birmingham and Houston reunions of Confederate Veter ans that there are two organization* which have charge of the work of build ing a monument at Richmond to the memory of President Davis. These are the Davis Monument association and the Davis monumental committee of the United Confederate Veterans. The for mer committee is composed of Virgin ians. The latter is composed of one mem ber from each southern state which fur nished fighting men to the Confederacy. The last two committees have agreed upon Monroe park as the site of the mon ument, and also that the local board, of which Hon. J. T. Ellyson of Richmond Is chairman, may appoint a committee to secure a design for the monument. The action of the committee, however, is to be subject to the approval of the board and of the monument committee repre senting ail the states of the Confeder acy. The Richmond Dispatch of the 13th says; "The correspondence perfecting this arrangement was read at the meeting of the board yesterday afternoon and at the next meeting of the board the committee on design will be appointed. It will con sist of seven members, with President J. Taylor Ellyson at its head. Three of the seven members will he persons who are experts in matters likely to come before the committee. “As Dispatch readers know, the mon ument is to be erected in Monroe park, and the corner stone of it will be laid next May, when the United Confederate Veterans will hold their grand encamp ment herein the auditorium to be erected upon the exposition grounds. "The arrangement of this matter marks the beginning of very active work in behalf of the monument, which it is intended shall be worthy of the president of the Confederacy and creditable to the southern people. The monument fund Is not. yet nearly so large as It Is desired that it should be, collections not having been pushed during the period of busi ness prostration, but in the course of a few weeks agencies will be set to work all over the south, and it is not doubted that the results will be commensurate with the purpose of the people.” PUBLIC OPINION, If $10,000,000 is the market price of dukes, the Vanderbilt family can easily handle the whole English output.—Chi cago Times-Herad, Dem. The news from the east Is that the sultan is still being menaced. Still, there is no potentate now before the public who is more entitled to it.—New York Advertiser. It is not likely that the friends of Alli son, Reed, McKinley and the other re publican candidates will permit the country to forget that about the only city that has gone democratic this year is the home of Benjamin Harrison.—Chi cago Tribune, Rep. Mr. Cleveland has always felt that he was better than his party. He will do well to exhnust the pleasure of that sen sation as rapidly as possible, for at the present rate of democratic disintegration he won’t have a party much longer as a basis of comparison.—New York Tri bune, Rep. Senator Quay is reported to be in favor of the nomination of Governor-elect Bradley of Kentucky as the candidate of the republican party for the vice-presi dency. It is a first-class idea and Ken tucky deserves the honor. The Bradley boom has come to stay.—New York Re corder (Rep.) Success should and will crown the movement to erect a children’s monu ment to the memory of Eugene Field. To this end the children of the land should address themselves to the pleasu rable work of raising the funds necessary to the project. It is but a small measure of appreciation for the gifts which Eu gene Field showered on the curly head of childhood.—Chicago Mail. The impudence of Dord Dunraven in seeking to excuse his unsportsmanlike conduct by accusing- the New York Yacht club of cheating on the measurement of the Defender is simply astounding. The most charitable construction to be placed upon such conduct is that his mind has given way under the strain of his succes sive defeats—that he is suffering under an aberration of intellect.—Boston Post. It is pleasant to think that our North Atlantic squadron is at last considerably superior to Great Britain’s. But it should not be forgotten for an instant that this is our principal station, while with her, we suppose, it is not more than fourth rate. It would do great harm if the idea should get abroad that the American navy, in which the American people have shown such pride and interest, has as yet nearly approached completion.—New York Press. In the number of saloons New York has 7340 licensed places, or one to 234 of the population; Chicago has 7000, or one to 242; Philadelphia, 1355, or one to 841, and Boston, 1080, or one to 500. There Is no complaint of thirst in Philadelphia or Boston, and these cities are not cursed wit.h the low dives that exist in this city and Chicago. Mayor Warwick’s state ment is especially instructive. The num ber of saloons in Philadelphia has de creased 3000 in six years under high license.—New York World, Dem. A Big New YorkStrike. New York, Nov. 18.—At the office of the J. B. and J. M. Cornell iron works it was stated that over 400 of their employes at work on twelve buildings had gone on a strike today, as had about 500 men em ployed by Milekin Bros, on eight build ings. In addition about 100 men were called out on buddings in Brooklyn, mak ing a total of over 1000 men employed by the two firms called out as a starter. The strikers are membrs of the House smiths’ and Brldgemen’s unions. In case non-union ipon are put to work sympa thetic strikes will be ordered. From 10, 000 to 20,000 men are likely to be called out In sympathy. The strike has been indorsed by the board of walking dele gates and by the central labor union. The demands of rhe union include a wage scale running from $3 50 a day for flromen finishers to $2.50 a dey for black smith finishers. It is said that if the strike is not settled in a short time it is likely to he extended to other members of the Iron league. Forty thousand men may he affected. The hoard of state ar bitration will meet at the Murray Hill hotel today and endeavor to bring about a compromise with the employes with a view to arbitration. University of Georgia Won. Atlanta, Nov. 18.—The University of Georgia defeated the University of Ten nessee football team here today by a tacore of 22 to 0. ALABAMA EDITORS, AT THE DOOR. I thought myself indeed secure So fast the door, so firm the lock; But lo, he toddling comes to lure My parent ear with timorous knock. My heart were stone could It withstand The sweetness of my baby's plea— That timorous baby knocking and "Please let me In—It s only me.” I threw aside the unfinished book, Regardless of its tempting charms, And, opening wide the door, I took My laughing darling In my arms. Who knows but in Eternity I, like a truant child, shall wait The glories of a life to be. Beyond the Heavenly Father’s gate? . And will that Heavenly Father heed « , The truant's supplanting cry, As at the outer door I plead, “'Tls I, O Father, only I?1' —Eugene Field. Will Later. It is rather early for the Sun to declare for anyone yet. Captain Johnston is a good man and the one who beats him will be governor.—La Fayette Sun. Sees Through It. Wo are forced to the conclusion that the eagerness of the Advertiser and cer tain other politicians to have Governor Oates renominated is not so much for the purpose of "saving the party" as for defeating Joe Johnston or any other sil ver man that might apply.—Randolph Leader. Johnston's Time. Governor Oates has had his term—all that he asked for. To preserve harmony Captain Johnston yielded it to him. when a lair fight might have reversed the sit uation. Now It is Captain Johnston’s time. Let us see whether Governor Oates’ friends will be loyal in behalf of harmony as Captain Johnston was.—Talladega News-Reporter. The announcement of the candidacy of Capt. Joseph F. Johnston, for governor will send a thrill of joy through his ’thousands and thousands of friends throughout the length and breadth of the grand old commonwealth of Alabama. He is a democrat tried and true,and Is de serving of the highest office In the gift of the people of this state, and we have no doubt that they will honor him with the position.—Hartselle Enquirer. He Is Their Choice. Joseph F. Johnston is a man who has made many sacrifices for harmony, he has conducted himself so as to have won the love of all true democrats, never putting- his Interests above that of his party; the people have seen his loyalty tried, and found him true as steel. He is their choice and there is no power now to keep them from honoring him with the office of governor, if he will ac cept it.—Progressive Age. Believes He Will Get There. Capt. Joe Johnston, like the true, loyal, unsefish and unswerving democrat he is, announces himself a candidate for the office of governor next year. We be lieve that he will be nominated by art overwhelming majority, if not by accla mation. He is a democrat who favors the free coinage of silver at 16 to 1 and favors perfect freedom and fairness in elections. This, we think, will satisfy thousands of voters who have been es tranged from the party in recent years and they will cordially support him.— North Alabamian. He Will Not. If Captain Johnston should be the only contestant for the governorship next year, and the Advertiser admits that he is the only probable one, then let Gov ernor Oates pursue the even tenor of his way in his race for senator and there will be no discords and dissensions .to har monize. Where is the sense in importun ing the governor to run again, thereby creating useless and damaging party di vision, and lessening the governor's chances for the senatorship, the helghth of his ambition? Governor, don’t you let the Advertiser fool you.—Bussell Reg ister. ECHOES FROM THE STATE PRESS. It is now practically settled that Cap tain Joseph F. Johnston of Jefferson will be the next nominee of the democratic party in Alabama for governor. It is also practically settled that Captain Johnston will be elected. This goes without say ing. Since the positive and emphatic decla tion of Governor Oates that he would not bd a candidate for a second term and the announcement of Captain Johnston that he would be a candidate to succeed Gov ernor Oates the press and the people alike have settled as one that Johnston will be nominated and elected. The most significant fact In connection with Captain Johnston’s candidacy Is the declaration of several strong admin istration newspapers for him, not the least of which are the Birmingham News, the Anniston Hot Blast and the Huntsville Argus, and even the Mobile Register and Mobile Herald, administra tion papers also, are ready and willing to accept Captain Johnston.—Montgom ery Journal. jne state Heraio auinoritativeiy an nounces Capt. Joe Johnston as a candi date for governor. The formal announce ment has generally been expected, and it Is a logical result of the present political situation In Alabama. * Genuine silver men in all portions of the state look to Johnston as their leader, and regard him as the strongest man for the position of democratic candidate for governor in the state.—Florence Times. Capt. Joseph F. Johnston has an nounced that he will be a candidate for governor. He has always stood by the notion of the party and If there Is a man in Alabama who deserves anything at the hands of the democratic party that man is Captain Johnston.—Colbert Coun ty Banner. We are for Joseph F. Johnston for next governor. A great many men favored Oates In the campaign between him and Captain Johnston, thinking Oates want ed it for but one term, and they would have the opportunity of supporting John ston at the expiration of Oates’ term, and we favor giving them the opportunity.— Colbert County Banner. Russia and the Turkish Question. New York Herald, 13th. Accoiding to a commercial cable dis patch from St. Petersburg which we pub lish this morning Lord Salisbury’s Man sion House speech has produced an elec trical effect in the Russian capital. The electrical effect, as we understand it, seems to be the determination of Russia to be In readiness to occupy Armenia as soon as the disinterested powers begin the projected work of dismembering the Ottoman empire. The threat of the pow ers to send their warships through the Dardanelles will undoubtedly be met by Russia, whose fleet is stationed at the Black sea. entrance of the Bosphorus, and who has a large army under the shadow of Mount Ararat ready to ad vaupe westwaid at a day’s notice. New Jersey Day. Asbury Talk, N. J., Nov. 18.—Postmas ter K. G. Harrison of this place, one of the New Jersey commissioners at the At lanta exposition, has been ndtifled by Governor Werts that he has designated Thursday, December 5, as New Jersey day at the exposition. A large party will eo to Atlanta from here. FROM GOVERNOR W. C.OATES (Continued From First Page.) notes, are a legal tender, so de clared by law and sustained by the su preme court of the United States, which i.ecision I think was wrong. You say that "no more silver Is being coined.” That is only partly true. No mote silver^iollars are being coined, but the coinage of fractional silver still con tinues, and wo need more of that than can be coined in a year. Let us have the whole truth and not half of it. I think that the coinage of the bullion in the treasury into dollars as well as fraction al currency should continue. I thought last congress that ail the seigniorage should be coined and so voted. I am of the samo opinion now. All the other sil ver bullion, though vast in bulk, is un der a Ii“n for the redemption' of the Sher man notes given in purchase of the bul lion. The law should have made them redeemable in silver coin alone, but it 'was not so made. It was solely the work of republicans. You blame Cleveland and Carlisle because these notes and green backs are not redeemed In silver instead of gold. Suppose ihe holders refuse to take silver. There is no law to compel them to do so. I wish the secretary would try it and refuse to redeem in gold for ten days to see what effect it would have. Cleveland and Carlisle believe that gold would go to a premium. Then I would have Uncle Eden enter Wall street and sell gold by tho million against the gamblers and. break them down if possi ble. You next assert that "the volume of money is being constantly contracted." This is not strictly true. It fluctuates and is far greater now per capita than it was ten. fifteen or twenty years ago. If you read carefully what I frequently said in congress at different times, and In the very speech of 1893, from which you quote, you will see that I have ever been in favor of a sufficiently large amount of circulation to do the business of the en tire country free from stringency. We cannot have too much good money, but I want no, nor am I now in favor of, flat money nor an inflated currency and dol lars of different value. You assume that because I am not in favor of an inflated silver currency that I am in favor of the contraction of the entire; volume, which is an utterly unwarranted assumption on your part. xuu F-ciiu utuause 1 uuuicnucu hull coinage will not put another dollar in the pockets of the people that "Governor Oates differs from Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, who held that a diminishing and contracting currency was a calamity to be avoided.” Yes! I assert that free coinage at the ratio of Id to 1, when there Is such a wide dis parity in the value of the two metals, would soon render it Impossible to main tain parity between the two as coined, and whenever they parted company in value the gold would rapidly disappear from circulation, which is now about $630,000,000—just about equal to the total amount of silver, Including fractional coins, and in my opinion would be likely to produce a panic by the withdrawal of so much gold from active circulation; and all the mints of the United States, if kept continually coining silver, could not replace In silver the quantity of gold thus withdrawn in several years. This would, instead of making money more plentiful, produce a remarkably severe Stringency. Jefferson and Hamilton, whom you so freely quote, when providing for the coinage of the metals fixed the ratio at their then commercial value, and Hamil ton said in his report to congress, in which Jefferson concurred, that the com mercial value of the two metals was the proper ratio for their coinage. Knowing tills and having always been a friend to silver X voted for free coinage at the ratio of 20 to 1, when the commercial differ ence was 28 to 1. I did this In the hop^ that giving silver such consideration would, perhaps, reduce the difference sev eral points and bring them upon a party commercially. When that failed I voted to resurrect the Bland-Allison act, which would give us the coinage of $2,000,000 per month, which I then believed might be kept on a parity with gold. You then said that Hamilton and Jefferson “plant ed the currency of both metals. Governor Oates plants the country upon a sole gold standard writh only so much silver as a subsidiary coin as will not Interfere with the sovereignty of gold.” There Is not one word of truth In this statement, I never in my Review article nor elsewhere advocated “ the single gold standard,” nor did I "over advocate the making of silver only a subsidiary coin. You can not find where I ever gave utterance to any such expression. I never have ap proved the dropping of the silver dollar from coinage in the act of 1873, nor do I believe that if all the members of con gress had known of the omission, as they would have known If they had been closely attentive to their duties, that the hill would have passed In that shape. I have always contended upon the floor of congress and elsewhere that the sliver dollar was dropped from coinage In the interest of the bondholders. Thus the silver dollar was demonetized. It so re mained for five years and then by the act of 1878 It was revived and made a legal tender and as much a money of re demption as gold, and has so continued ovar slnro The only difference between It and gold was and la In rpspect to the coinage—not as to their legal status. The coinage of gold was made free by the act of 1873, and the coinage of silver waa by the act of 1878 to be coined on government ac count and limited to not less than $2, 000,000 and not more than 34,000,000 per month, When I voted for the repeal of the purchasing clause of the Sherman law I had no private understanding about it, as your editorial seems to Insinuate. I voted for Its repeal because the demo cratic platform demanded It, and I be lieved It was right. I did then denounce the idea of a single gold standard and I do yet, and I have shown you above one law which -maintains bimetallism and makes the silver dollar a legal tender in payment of dues, public and private. My understanding of the word bimetallism does not relate to the question of coin age, but to the maintenance of both metals as primal money or money of final redemption. That which is a legal tender In payment of a debt is not de monetized and a mere token of value, but Is money. The act of 1873 says that the gold dollar Is the measure of value. A single gold standard advocate is him who desires that gold be the only legal tender. What difference does It make If the law says the gold dollar is the standard of value and that the silver dol lar is Its equal? There Is then no differ ence in the legal status, but only In privilege of coining. I never have and do not now retract one word of my speech In 1893. I stand by it and ldorse It today; and It Is but lack of understanding the question, or It must be a disposition purposely to put me In an inconsistent attitude which caused you to write as you did. If you will publish that speech in full as the re mainder of my reply to your editorial I will be delighted. It is all I ask of you In this connection. Very respectfully, WILLIAM C. OATES. Good Advice to Farmers. Messrs. Middleton & Ravenel, the well known cotton brokets of Charles ton, have Issued a very inteiesttng cir cular on the cotton situation. The open letter will be sent to all of their corre spondents throughout the south. It con tains many striking facts and figures, and It will be- read with keen interest by theeottonplantersand cotton men in this and other states. The writers say in substance that the great danger which menaces the country is that an enormous crop of cotton will be planted next sea son. They predict that If this Is done that prices will not only go lower than thev now are. but that cotton next sea. son will be a practical drag on the mar ket. The circular, however, explains It self more fully than It can be explained. It la as follows: "Charleston, S. C., Nov. 6, 1S35. "To the Cotton Planter: ‘"nie condition of cotton at the present moment is one that should give cause foe deep thought on the part of the planter, and he should pan: so before he enters In to any arrangement tor planting another crop. Today we see every indication of a small crop; receipts are light and de creasing every da The great stai)d-by of the English spinners (Mr. Nelli) pre dicts a small outturn of the present crop. All reports from the cotton sections show the crop Is shorter than It has been for years, and the government report con firms these other reports. The business In dry goods Is good, and the demand Is Increasing, and everything on Its face shows that at least for this year the cot ton planter lia to be rewarded for his toll by getting a fair living price for his cot ton, but what are the facts? We see cot ton declining every day, January con tracts having been farced down % of a cent, or $3,75 per bale within two weeks. Of course, this was only the natural re sult of an overloaded speculative market, and If It ha<J not affected the actual cot ton would have passed by comparatively unnoticed, but the foreign spinners from that moment seemed to have dropped completely out of the market, evidently waiting for such another move to force the spot cotton still lower and enable them to buy cotton at their own sweet pleasure and price. "Thus wo see that the speculators in New York are playing directly into the hands of the natural enemies of cotton. The situation seems now to be narrowed down to a battle between the cotton planter on one side and the foreign spin ner on the other, baoked ifp by the spec ulators and gold powers of the north. It seems that either gold or cotton must lie exported to avoid the Issue of bonds, and as another bond Issue might Imperil the chances of the democratic party, the cot ton planter must bo sacrificed and the price of cotton beat down until he is com Ipelled to sell. This Is all wrong, and can be avoided by a little Judgment and com mon sense. “One of the greatest clouds hanging over the cotton market Is the talk of a tremendous crop next year. Some predic tions have already been made that the next crop will be 11,000,000 bales, the ene mies of cotton forgetting that the cotton planter has learned a lesson or two In tha last five years. If It was knbwn and un derstood that the cotton plantar had been fooled In to planting a tremendous crop for the last time and that the orop for next year would be only a moderate one, cotton spinners would enter* Into the mar ket; we would see better prices for the present crop and better prices for the next crop. A large crop next year means low prices for what cotton is not already sold this year and lower price* for next year. “Let the planter plant his crop on the same basis of this year’s crop; plant plenty of provisions and keep down the cotton acreage. The balance of this year's cotton and next year’s crop under existing circumstances should sell at 9 cents, at least, at the ports. Keep down the cotton acreage and save yourselves from a repetition of 5-cent cotton and disaster. Your® truly. “MIDDLETON & RAVENEL." AL WA YS SOMETHING New and stylish to select from our establishment. If you want to look well dressed and to be perfectly in the style, look over our goods and the prices will enable you to buy. ROGAN. Birmingham and Chicago. Under the above caption the Inter Ocean of Chicago says: "The enthusiastic welcome given by the citizens of Birmingham, Ala., to the Chicago men, directors of the great World's fair, heads of great barking, real estate, mercantile and manufactur ing firms and corporations, and distin guished lawyers who accompanied Pres ident Fish of the Illinois Central to At lanta, is acknowledged gratefully by the great city that the guests honored by Birmingham represent. It was not part of the programme that the train should stop at Birmingham, but Mr. Skaggs of the Southern and Northwestern Indus trial association prevailed upon Mr. Fish so to modify the original plans as to per mit of a brief lay-over In the chief man ufacturing town of the south. “The arrangement was fortunate: it allowed the most representative men of the southern Birmingham, which within half a century may surpass its European namesake in population and in output of manufactures, to confer briefly with some of the moBt representative men of Chicago The courtesies extended w-re not formal, but heartfelt. A longer stay will be made by Chicago on the return trip. It is inevitable that the business relations of Birmingham and Chicago shall be intimate, and It is pleasant to know that their social relations are to be enthusiastically cordial." •xne ngm is un. Senator Harris, the chairman of the ex ecutive committee of six, appointed at the Washington conference of last Au gust to organize for the campaign of 1896 the free silver democrats of the country, has sent a letter to his colleagues, the chief feature of which Is the following: “In the light of recent election results there is in my opinion no hope of dem ocratic success in 1896, unless we can succeed in so organizing the bimetallic democrats as to secure In the national convention a plain, distict and unmis takable declaration in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold without regard to financial policies of any country, and therefore it appears to me that we should redouble our efforts to secure such organization.” Senator Harris’ colleagues are Senator Jones of Arkansas, Senator Turpie of Indiana, Governor Stone of Missouri, Hon. William H. Henrichsen of Illinois and Casey Young of Tennessee. Awarded Highest Honors—World’s Pair. DU BAKING WWDffi MOST PERFECT MADE. 1A pure Grape Oeam of Tartar Powder. Free trom Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant. SO YEARS THE STANDARD.